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SB58 SUB1 Senate Bill 58 History

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COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE

FOR

Senate Bill No. 58

(By Senators Cookman, Miller, Plymale and Fitzsimmons)

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[Originating in the Committee on the Judiciary;

reported January 21, 2014.]

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A BILL to amend and reenact §48-3-103 and §48-3-105 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, all relating to domestic relations law generally; clarifying that conviction of an offense punishable by incarceration for more than one year prior to the marriage and without the knowledge of the other party constitutes a basis for voiding a marriage; clarifying that a party to a marriage who was unaware at the time of the marriage that his or her spouse had previously been convicted of an offense punishable by incarceration for more than one year may not institute an annulment action if he or she cohabited with that spouse after becoming aware of the conviction; clarifying grounds for voiding marriages; and modifying and removing certain language related to voiding of marriages.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:

    That §48-3-103 and §48-3-105 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted, all to read as follows:

ARTICLE 3. PROPERTY, RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES OF MARRIED WOMEN; HUSBAND AND WIFE.

§48-3-103. Voidable marriages.

    (a) The following marriages are voidable and are void from the time they are so declared by a judgment order of nullity:

    (1) Marriages that are prohibited by law on account of either of the parties having a wife or husband of a prior marriage, when the prior marriage has not been terminated by divorce, annulment or death;

    (2) Marriages that are prohibited by law on account of consanguinity or affinity between the parties;

    (3) Marriages solemnized when either of the parties:

    (A) Was an insane person, idiot or imbecile mentally incompetent;

    (B) Was afflicted with a venereal sexually transmitted disease;

    (C) Was incapable, because of natural or incurable impotency of the body, of entering into the marriage state;

    (D) Was under the age of consent; or

    (E) Had been, prior to the marriage and without the knowledge of the other party, convicted of an infamous offense a crime punishable by imprisonment in excess of one year under the applicable law of this state, another state or the United States;

    (4) Marriages solemnized when, at the time of the marriage, the wife, without the knowledge of the husband, (A) Was was with child by some person other than the husband. or

    (B) Had been, prior to the marriage, notoriously a prostitute; or

    (5) Marriages solemnized when, prior to the marriage, the husband, without the knowledge of the wife, had been notoriously a licentious person.

§48-3-105. What persons may not institute annulment action.

    An action for annulling a marriage may not be instituted:

    (a) Where the cause is the natural or incurable impotency of body of either of the parties to enter the marriage state, by the party who had knowledge of such incapacity at the time of marriage; or

    (b) Where the cause is fraud, force or coercion, by the party who was guilty of such fraud, force or coercion, nor by the injured party if, after knowledge of the facts, he or she has by acts or conduct confirmed such marriage; or

    (c) Where the cause is affliction with a venereal sexually transmitted disease existing at the time of marriage, by the party who was so afflicted if such party has subsequent to the marriage become cured of such disease, nor by the person who was not so afflicted if he or she after the curing of the afflicted person has by acts or conduct confirmed the marriage; or

    (d) Where the cause is the nonage of either of the parties, by the party who was capable of consenting, nor by the party not so capable if he or she has by acts or conduct confirmed the marriage after arriving at the age of consent; or

    (e) (d) Where the cause is lack of consent on the part of either of the parties, by the party consenting or bringing about the marriage; or

    (f) (e) Where the cause is that either of the parties has been convicted of an infamous offense a crime punishable by imprisonment in excess of one year under the applicable law of this state, another state or the United States prior to marriage, by the other party if, after knowledge of such fact, he or she has cohabited with the party so convicted; or

    (g) (f) Where the cause is that the wife was at the time of marriage with child by some person other than the husband, or that prior to the marriage the wife had been notoriously a prostitute, by the husband, if after knowledge of the fact he has cohabited with the wife. Or

    (h) Where the cause is that the husband was prior to the marriage notoriously a licentious person, by the wife if, after knowledge of the fact, she has cohabited with the husband.

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