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Introduced Version House Bill 4445 History

OTHER VERSIONS  -  Enrolled Version - Final Version  |  hb4445 ENR 2  |     |  Email


H. B. 4445

 

         (By Delegates Eldridge, Hartman, Barrett,

         Fleischauer, Campbell, Hamilton, Lynch

         and Sponaugle)

 

         [Introduced February 7, 2014; referred to the

         Committee on the Judiciary.]

 

A BILL to amend and reenact §61-2-9 and §61-2-28 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, all relating generally to crimes against the person; and modifying the definition of “battery” and “domestic battery” to conform with federal laws.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:

    That §61-2-9 and §61-2-28 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted, all to read as follows:

ARTICLE 2. CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON.

§61-2-9. Malicious or unlawful assault; assault; battery; penalties.

    (a) If any person maliciously shoot, stab, cut or wound any person, or by any means cause him or her bodily injury with intent to maim, disfigure, disable or kill, he or she shall, except where it is otherwise provided, be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, shall be punished by confinement in the penitentiary a state correctional facility not less than two nor more than ten years. If such act be done unlawfully, but not maliciously, with the intent aforesaid, the offender shall be is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, shall, in the discretion of the court, either be confined imprisoned in the penitentiary a state correctional facility not less than one nor more than five years, or be confined in jail not exceeding twelve months and fined not exceeding $500.

    (b) Assault. -- If Any person who unlawfully attempts to commit a violent injury use physical force capable of causing physical pain or injury to the person of another or unlawfully commits an act which that places another in reasonable apprehension of immediately receiving a violent suffering physical pain or injury, he or she shall be is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be confined in jail for not more than six months, or fined not more than $100, or both such fine and imprisonment fined and confined.

    (c) Battery. -- If Any person who unlawfully and intentionally makes physical contact of an insulting or provoking nature with force capable of causing physical pain or injury to the person of another or unlawfully and intentionally causes physical harm pain or injury to another person, he or she shall be is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be confined in jail for not more than twelve months, or fined not more than $500, or both such fine and imprisonment fined and confined.

    (d) Any person convicted of a violation of subsection (b) or (c) of this section who has, in the ten years prior to said conviction, been convicted of a violation of either subsection (b) or (c) of this section where the victim was a current or former spouse, current or former sexual or intimate partner, a person with whom the defendant has a child in common, a person with whom the defendant cohabits or has cohabited, a parent or guardian, the defendant’s child or ward or a member of the defendant’s household at the time of the offense or convicted of a violation of section twenty-eight of this article or has served a period of pretrial diversion for an alleged violation of subsection (b) or (c) of this section or section twenty-eight of this article when the victim has such present or past relationship shall upon conviction be subject to the penalties set forth in section twenty-eight of this article for a second, third or subsequent criminal act of domestic violence offense, as appropriate.

§61-2-28. Domestic violence -- Criminal acts.

    (a) Domestic battery. -- Any person who unlawfully and intentionally makes physical contact of an insulting or provoking nature with force capable of causing physical pain or injury to his or her family or household member or unlawfully and intentionally causes physical harm to his or her family or household member, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in a county or regional jail for not more than twelve months, or fined not more than $500, or both fined and confined.

    (b) Domestic assault. –- Any person who unlawfully attempts to commit a violent use force capable of causing physical pain or injury against his or her family or household member or unlawfully commits an act which that places his or her family or household member in reasonable apprehension of immediately receiving a violent suffering physical pain or injury, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in a county or regional jail for not more than six months, or fined not more than $100, or both fined and confined.

    (c) Second offense. -– Domestic assault or domestic battery.

    A person convicted of a violation of subsection (a) of this section after having been previously convicted of a violation of subsection (a) or (b) of this section, after having been convicted of a violation of subsection (b) or (c), section nine of this article or subsection (a), section fourteen-g of this article where the victim was his or her current or former spouse, current or former sexual or intimate partner, person with whom the defendant has a child in common, person with whom the defendant cohabits or has cohabited, a parent or guardian, the defendant’s child or ward or a member of the defendant’s household at the time of the offense or who has previously been granted a period of pretrial diversion pursuant to section twenty-two, article eleven of this chapter for a violation of subsection (a) or (b) of this section, or a violation of subsection (b) or (c), section nine of this article or subsection (a), section fourteen-g of this article where the victim was a current or former spouse, current or former sexual or intimate partner, person with whom the defendant has a child in common, person with whom the defendant cohabits or has cohabited, a parent or guardian, the defendant’s child or ward or a member of the defendant’s household at the time of the offense is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in a county or regional jail for not less than sixty days nor more than one year, or fined not more than $1,000, or both fined and confined.

    A person convicted of a violation of subsection (b) of this section after having been previously convicted of a violation of subsection (a) or (b) of this section, after having been convicted of a violation of subsection (b) or (c), section nine of this article or subsection (a), section fourteen-g of this article where the victim was a current or former spouse, current or former sexual or intimate partner, person with whom the defendant has a child in common, person with whom the defendant cohabits or has cohabited, a parent or guardian, the defendant’s child or ward or a member of the defendant’s household at the time of the offense or having previously been granted a period of pretrial diversion pursuant to section twenty-two, article eleven of this chapter for a violation of subsection (a) or (b) of this section or subsection (b) or (c), section nine of this article or subsection (a), section fourteen-g of this article where the victim was a current or former spouse, current or former sexual or intimate partner, person with whom the defendant has a child in common, person with whom the defendant cohabits or has cohabited, a parent or guardian, the defendant’s child or ward or a member of the defendant’s household at the time of the offense shall be confined in a county or regional jail for not less than thirty days nor more than six months, or fined not more than $500, or both fined and confined.

    (d) Any person who has been convicted of a third or subsequent violation of the provisions of subsection (a) or (b) of this section, a third or subsequent violation of the provisions of section nine of this article or subsection (a), section fourteen-g of this article where the victim was a current or former spouse, current or former sexual or intimate partner, person with whom the defendant has a child in common, person with whom the defendant cohabits or has cohabited, a parent or guardian, the defendant’s child or ward or a member of the defendant’s household at the time of the offense or who has previously been granted a period of pretrial diversion pursuant to section twenty-two, article eleven of this chapter for a violation of subsection (a) or (b) of this section or a violation of the provisions of section nine of this article or subsection (a), section fourteen-g of this article in which the victim was a current or former spouse, current or former sexual or intimate partner, person with whom the defendant has a child in common, person with whom the defendant cohabits or has cohabited, a parent or guardian, the defendant’s child or ward or a member of the defendant’s household at the time of the offense, or any combination of convictions or diversions for these offenses, is guilty of a felony if the offense occurs within ten years of a prior conviction of any of these offenses and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in a state correctional facility not less than one nor more than five years or fined not more than $2,500, or both fined and confined.

    (e) As used in this section, “family or household member” means “family or household member” as defined in §48-27-204 of this code.

    (f) A person charged with a violation of this section may not also be charged with a violation of subsection (b) or (c), section nine of this article for the same act.

    (g) No law-enforcement officer may be subject to any civil or criminal action for false arrest or unlawful detention for effecting an arrest pursuant to this section or pursuant to §48-27-1002 of this code.

 

 

    NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to modify the definition of “battery” and “domestic battery” to conform with federal laws as a result of U. S. v. White, 606 F. 3d 144.


    Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from the present law, and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.

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