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Introduced Version House Bill 3020 History

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hb3020 intr
H. B. 3020


          (By Delegates Miley, Iaquinta, Longstreth,
           Guthrie, White, Boggs, Caputo, Skaff,
                    P.Smith, Moye and Ferro)
          [Introduced March 21, 2013; referred to the
          Committee on the Judiciary then Finance.]


A BILL to amend the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, by adding thereto six new sections, designated §20-7-24, §20-7-25, §20-7-26, §20-7-27, §20-7-28 and §20-7-29, all relating to improving boat dock and marina safety, prevent electrocution injury, require compliance with national standards, require work by certified electricians, and impose criminal penalties.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
     That the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended by adding thereto six new sections, designated §20-7-24, §20-7-25, §20-7-26, §20-7-27, §20-7-28 and §20-7-29, all to read as follows:
ARTICLE 7. LAW ENFORCEMENT, MOTORBOATING, LITTER.
PART III. BOAT, BOAT DOCK AND MARINA SAFETY REQUIREMENTS.

§20-7-24. Legislative findings.
_____
The Legislature finds that West Virginia is known for its beautiful and abundant waterways, lakes and rivers which provide a draw for tourism and a boost for our economy. Our waterways, lakes and rivers should be a safe place for children and families to enjoy. There have been cases recently where children have died because the water where they were swimming was electrified by the ungrounded and improper connection of electricity to boat docks and marinas. Electricity and water create a deadly combination that can paralyze a swimmer which can result in the swimmer drowning. Children who are swimming are particularly vulnerable to electrocution and shock in the water. Bringing boat docks and marinas up to the National Fire Protection Association and National Electric Code Standards for Marinas and Boatyards is necessary for the protection and safety of all of those who enjoy our waterways, lakes and rivers for recreation and to protect our tourism industry.
_____This Part III is enacted to provide a comprehensive program of boat, boat dock and marina safety and prevention of electrocution injury and may be cited as the "Michael Cunningham Law."
§20-7-25. Definitions.
_____As used in Part III of this article:
_____(a) "ABYC" means the American Boat and Yacht Council;
_____(b) "Boat dock" means a man-made structure that protrudes into a body of water for the purpose of mooring a boat or for other water-related recreation, including boat liveries, and that is connected to an electrical power source in any manner;
_____(c) "Boat dock or marina owner or operator" means any person who:
_____(1) Has an ownership interest in a boat dock or marina, other than a lienholder; or
_____(2) Operates a boat dock or marina;
_____(d) "Ground fault circuit interrupter" means a device that functions to de-energize a circuit, or a portion thereof, within an established period of time when current to ground exceeds a predetermined value that is less than required to operate the over current protective device of the supply circuit;
_____(e) "Marina" means a dock including a boat dock or basin providing moorings for motorboats and offering supply, repair or other services, including electrical power supply, for remuneration;
_____(f) "Motorboat" means any vessel propelled by an electrical, steam, gas, diesel or other propelled or driven motor, whether the motor is the principal source of propulsion, but does not include a vessel with a valid marine document issued by the United States Bureau of Customs or any federal agency that is the successor to the Bureau of Customs;
_____(g) "Operate" means to navigate or otherwise use a vessel;
_____(h) "Owner" means a person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a motorboat. The term includes a person entitled to the use or possession of a motorboat subject to an interest in another person, reserved or created by agreement and securing payment or performance of an obligation, but the term excludes a lessee under a lease not intended as security;
_____(i) "Person" means an individual, partnership, firm, corporation, association or other entity; and
_____(j) "Vessel" means every description of watercraft, other than a seaplane on the water, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on the water.
§20-7-26. Boat Dock and Marina Safety Requirements
__Swimming and Signage.

__All boat dock or marina owners or operators shall install permanent safety signage with print legible at eighty feet of distance and placed to give adequate notice, to persons using the boat dock or marina or swimming near the boat dock or marina, of the electric shock hazard risks of the waters around the boat dock or marina. The signage shall state: "ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD RISK: NO SWIMMING WITHIN 100 YARDS OF THE BOAT DOCK".
§20-7-27. Boat Dock and Marina Safety Requirements-Electrical Shock and Electrocution.
__(a) All boat dock or marina owners or operators shall comply with the following requirements to prevent electrical shock, electrocution or injury to users of their facilities and the surrounding areas:
__(1) All electrical wiring shall be installed by and maintained by a holder of a valid West Virginia electrician license or master electrician license in accordance with the most recently adopted versions of the National Fire Protection Association's Standards for Marinas and Boatyards (NFPA) 303 and the National Electric Code (NFPA 70);
__(2) Install ground fault circuit interrupters on all boat dock and marina electrical wirinq circuits; and
__(3) Cause annual inspection by a West Virginia certified electrical inspector or master electrician of all sources of electrical supply, including ship-to-shore power pedestals, submergible pumps, and sewage pump-out facilities, that could result in unsafe electrical current in the water.
__(c) All work performed on rental motor boats or vessels shall be performed by electricians licensed in West Virginia who are familiar with ABYC standards or by an ABYC certified electrical technician.
§20-7-28. Compliance date.
__Each boat dock and marina shall be in full compliance with this section by August 1, 2014.
§20-7-29. Penalties.
__(a) On or after August 1, 2014, a boat dock or marina owner or operator who violates section twenty-six or twenty-seven of this article, and the violation does not result in the injury or death of a person, for the first offense, shall be issued a warning citation with no court appearance or penalty and, for a second or subsequent offense, be fined $100;
__(b) A boat dock or marina owner or operator who violates section twenty-six or twenty-seven of this article, and the violation results in the injury of a person, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in jail for not more than six months, or fined not more than $500, or both fined and confined; and
__(c) A boat dock or marina owner who violates section twenty-six or twenty-seven of this article and the violation results in the death of a person, is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in jail for not more than one year, or fined not more than $1,000, or both fined and confined.


  NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to improve boat dock and marina safety, prevent electrocution injury, require compliance with national standards, require work by certified electricians, and impose criminal penalties for violations.


  §20-7-24, §20-7-25, §20-7-26, §20-7-27, §20-7-28 and §20-7-29 are new; therefore, they have been completely underscored.
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