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Introduced Version House Bill 2966 History

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H. B. 2966

 

         (By Delegates Skinner, Lawrence, Barrett, Young, Sponaugle, Lynch, Tomblin, Eldridge, Poore,

                         Marcum and Caputo)


         [Introduced March 19, 2013; referred to the

         Committee on the Judiciary.]

 

A BILL to amend the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, by adding thereto a new article, designated §21-5G-1, §21-5G-2, and §21-5G-3, all relating to employment and privacy protection; prohibiting an employer from requesting or requiring that an employee or applicant disclose any user name, password, or other means for accessing a personal account or service through certain electronic communications devices; prohibiting an employer from taking or threatening to take, certain disciplinary actions for an employee’s refusal to disclose certain password and related information; prohibiting an employer from failing or refusing to hire an applicant as a result of the applicant’s refusal to disclose certain password and related information; prohibiting an employee from downloading certain unauthorized information or data to certain Web sites or Web-based accounts; providing that an employer is not prevented from conducting certain investigations for certain purposes; and defining terms.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:

    That the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended by adding thereto a new article, designated §21-5G-1, §21-5G-2 and §21-5G-3, all to read as follows:

ARTICLE 5G. INTERNET PRIVACY PROTECTION ACT.

§21-5G-1. Short Title.

    This article shall be known and may be cited as the “Internet Privacy Protection Act”.

§21-5G-2. Definitions.

    As used in this article:

    (a) “Applicant” means an applicant for employment.

    (b) “Electronic Communications Device” means any device that uses electronic signals to create, transmit and receive information, and includes computers, telephones, personal digital assistants, and other similar devices.

    (c) “Employer” means a person engaged in a business, industry, profession, trade or other enterprise in the state, or a unit of state or local government. “Employer includes an agent, representative or designee of the employer.

§21-5G-3. Certain acts prohibited; not prohibited.

    (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, an employer may not request or require that an employee or applicant disclose any user name, password, or other means for accessing a personal account or service through an electronic communications device.

    (b) An employer may require an employee to disclose any user name, password, or other means for accessing nonpersonal accounts or services that provide access to the employer’s internal computer or information systems.

    (c) (1) An employer may not discharge, discipline, or otherwise penalize or threaten to discharge, discipline, or otherwise penalize an employee for the employee’s refusal to disclose any information specified in subsection (a) of this section.

    (2) An employer may not fail or refuse to hire any applicant as a result of the applicant’s refusal to disclose any information specified in subsection (a) of this section.

    (d) An employee may not download unauthorized employer proprietary information or financial data to an employee’s personal Web site, an Internet Web site, a Web-based account, or a similar account.

    (e) (1)This section does not prevent an employer, based on the receipt of information about the use of a personal Web site, Internet Web site, Web-based account, or similar account by an employee for business purposes, from conducting an investigation for the purpose of ensuring compliance with applicable securities or financial law, or regulatory requirements.

    (2) This section does not prevent an employer, based on the receipt of information about unauthorized downloading of an employer’s proprietary information or financial data to a personal Web site, Internet Web site, Web-based account or similar account by an employee, from investigating an employee’s actions under subsection (d) of this section.



    NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to protect the privacy of personal electronic data for employees and applicants for employment, and to authorize employers to investigate to ensure compliance with applicable protections of certain business information.


    This article is new; therefore it is completely underscored.

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