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Introduced Version House Bill 2238 History

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hb2238 intr                               
H. B. 2238


          (By Delegate Perdue)
          [Introduced February 13, 2013; referred to the
Committee on Health and Human Resources then the Judiciary.]



A BILL to amend the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, by adding thereto a new article, designated §27-1B-1, §27-1B-2, §27-1B-3, §27-1B-4, §27-1B-5 and §27-1B-6, all relating to involuntary treatment for drug and alcohol abuse; making legislative findings; providing a procedure for the commitment of persons suffering from alcohol or drug abuse; setting forth the criteria for extended involuntary treatment; requiring a probable cause hearing; setting forth the rights of persons subject to involuntary treatment; limiting those who may petition for involuntary treatment; setting forth what a petition must contain; requiring a payment guarantee by the petitioner; and requiring annual reports be made to the Governor and the Legislature.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
     That the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended by adding thereto a new article, designated §27-1B-1, §27-1B-2, §27-1B-3, §27-1B-4, §27-1B-5 and §27-1B-6, all to read as follows:
ARTICLE 1B. INVOLUNTARY TREATMENT FOR ALCOH0L AND OTHER DRUG ABUSE.__
§27-1B-1. Legislative findings.
_____The Legislature finds and declares that drug and alcohol abuse is a pervasive and difficult health problem in this state. The correlation between crime and drug and alcohol abuse is alarming and compelling. The current short-term involuntary treatment program fails to recognize the need for longer therapy treatments and the need to provide families with the tools to ensure proper treatment for family members who may be persistent alcohol and drug abusers who lack the will or because of an addiction they are unable to voluntarily seek long-term treatment. Therefore, in order to provide for the health and safety of the citizens of this state and to reduce the incidence of drug and alcohol related criminal activity, a long-term involuntary treatment system is hereby established.
§27-1B-2. Involuntary treatment for alcohol and other drug abuse; patient rights.
_____(a) Notwithstanding the requirement of section two, article five of this chapter that an individual is likely to cause serious harm to himself, herself or to others, involuntary treatment ordered for an extended period of time for a person suffering from alcohol and other drug abuse may be ordered as set forth in this article, This article is intended to supplement and extend the treatment for a person suffering from alcohol and other drug abuse that may be contained in other provisions of this code.
_____(b) Except as otherwise provided in this article, the rights afforded individuals subject to involuntarily hospitalization by article five of this chapter apply to those persons ordered to undergo treatment for alcohol and other drug abuse under this article.
§27-1B-3. Criteria for extended involuntary treatment.
_____Although section twelve, article one of this chapter require a finding of "likely to cause serious harm" before a person may be involuntarily committed, this section applies only to petitions for involuntary commitment filed in circuit court by a spouse, relative, friend, or guardian of the individual who is to be involuntarily committed due to alcohol and other drug abuse. A person suffering from alcohol and other drug abuse may not be ordered to undergo treatment unless that person:
_____(1) Suffers from alcohol and other drug abuse;
_____(2) Presents an imminent threat of danger to self, family, or others as a result of alcohol and other drug abuse, or there exists a substantial likelihood of such a threat in the near future; and
_____(3) Can reasonably benefit from treatment.
§27-1B-4. Petitions for sixty-day and three hundred sixty-day involuntary treatments; petition requirements; petitioner guarantee for costs.
_____(a) Proceedings for the commitment of a person suffering from alcohol or drug abuse may be filed requesting involuntary commitment for sixty days or three hundred sixty days of treatment for an individual and shall be initiated by the filing of a verified petition in the circuit court of the county in which the individual resides.
_____(b) The petition and all subsequent court documents shall be entitled: "In the interest of [name of respondent]."
_____(c) The petition shall be filed by a spouse, relative, friend, or guardian of the individual concerning whom the petition is filed.
_____(d) The petition shall set forth:
_____(1) Petitioner's relationship to the respondent;
_____(2) Respondent's name, residence, and current location, if known;
_____(3) The name and residence of respondent's parents, if living and if known, or respondent's legal guardian, if any and if known;
_____(4) The name and residence of respondent's husband or wife, if any and if known;
_____(5) The name and residence of the person having custody of the respondent, if any, or if no such person is known, the name and residence of a near relative or that the person is unknown;
_____(6) Petitioner's belief, including the factual basis, that the respondent is suffering from an alcohol and other drug abuse disorder and presents a danger or threat of danger to self, family, or others if not treated for alcohol or other drug abuse;
_____(7) The name of the treatment facility or program agreeing to provide extended drug and alcohol treatment services to the respondent; and
_____(8) The estimated cost of the proposed extended treatment.
_____(e) Petitions filed pursuant to this section shall be accompanied by a guarantee, signed by the petitioner or other person authorized under subsection (c) of this section, obligating that person to pay all costs for treatment of the respondent for alcohol and other drug abuse that is ordered by the court.
§27-1B-5. Proceedings for involuntary treatment; duties of court; probable cause hearing; examination of individual.
_____(a) Upon receipt of the petition, the court shall examine the petitioner under oath as to the contents of the petition.
_____(b) If, after reviewing the allegations contained in the petition and examining the petitioner under oath, it appears to the court that there is probable cause to believe the respondent should be ordered to undergo treatment, then the court shall:
_____(1) Set a date for a hearing within fourteen days to determine if there is probable cause to believe the respondent should be ordered to undergo treatment for alcohol and other drug abuse;
_____(2) Notify the respondent, the legal guardian, if any and if known, and the spouse, parents, or nearest relative or friend of the respondent concerning the allegations and contents of the petition and the date and purpose of the hearing; and the name, address, and telephone number of the attorney appointed by the circuit court to represent the respondent; and
_____(3) Cause the respondent to be examined no later than twenty-four hours before the hearing date by two qualified health professionals, at least one of whom is a physician. The qualified health professionals shall certify their findings to the court within twenty-four hours of the examinations.
_____(c) If, upon completion of the hearing, the court finds the respondent should be ordered to undergo treatment, then the court shall order the treatment for a period not to exceed sixty consecutive days from the date of the court order or a period not to exceed three hundred sixty consecutive days from the date of the court order, as the commitment time is set out in the petition or otherwise agreed to at the hearing. Failure of a respondent to undergo treatment ordered pursuant to this subsection may place the respondent in contempt of court.
_____(d) If, at any time after the petition is filed, the court finds that there is no probable cause to continue treatment or if the petitioner withdraws the petition, then the proceedings against the respondent shall be dismissed.
§27-1B-6. Reports.
_____The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources shall annually submit to the Governor and the Legislature, a treatment center evaluation report. The report shall include, but not be limited to, the following information:
_____(1) An inventory of all licensed chemical dependency treatment services in West Virginia;
_____(2) Each chemical dependency treatment center or program shall provide upon the request of the secretary, the information needed to compile the inventory for the secretary to include in his or her report; and
_____(3) The employment, educational, and criminal history of clients in each program that received state or federal funds.




     NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to establish a system of extended involuntary treatment for persons addicted to drugs and alcohol. The bill permits only a spouse, relative, friend, or guardian of the individual to file a petition for involuntary commitment for drug and alcohol abuse treatment. The bill makes legislative findings. The bill provides a procedure for the commitment of a person suffering from alcohol or drug abuse. The bill sets forth the criteria for extended involuntary treatments. The bill requires a probable cause hearing. The bill sets forth the rights of persons subject to involuntary treatment. The bill sets forth what a petition must contain. The bill requires a payment guarantee by the petitioner. The bill requires annual reports be made to the Governor and the Legislature.

     This article is new; therefore, it has been completely underscored.
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