H. B. 4276
(By Delegates Moore and Reynolds)
(Originating in the Committee on the Judiciary)
[February 24, 2012]
A BILL to amend and reenact §46A-2-106 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended; relating generally to the notice of a default and consumer’s right to cure a default; modifying the time period in which the default may be cured after the notice is sent; requiring certification of the amount needed to cure the default; certifying the date the notice of right to cure was mailed; and providing limitations of liability for violation of the notice of default and right to cure requirements.”
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That §46A-2-106 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted to read as follows:
ARTICLE 2. CONSUMER CREDIT PROTECTION.
§46A-2-106. Notice of consumer’s right to cure default; cure; acceleration.
After a consumer has been in default on any installment obligation or any other secured obligation for five days for failure to make a scheduled payment or otherwise perform pursuant to such a consumer credit sale, consumer lease or consumer loan other than with respect to a covenant to provide insurance for or otherwise to protect and preserve the property covered by a security interest, the creditor may shall give him or her notice of such the fact, which notice shall be made in the manner provided for herein. Actual delivery of such the notice to a consumer or delivery or mailing of the same to the last known address of the consumer is sufficient for the purpose of this section. If given by mail, notice is given when it is deposited in a mailbox properly addressed and postage prepaid. Notice shall be in writing and shall conspicuously state the name, address and telephone number of the creditor to whom payment or other performance is owed, a brief description of the transaction, the consumer’s right to cure such the default and the amount of payment and other required performance and date by which it must be paid or accomplished in order to cure the default. A copy of the notice required by this section shall be: (i) Delivered or mailed to the last known address of any cosigner of the obligation in the manner set forth in this section unless the cosigner has waived in writing his or her right to receive copies of the notice: Provided, That a waiver of notice contained in the consumer credit sales agreement or consumer loan agreement does not constitute effective waiver of notice of the cosigner’s right to receive notice of the consumer’s default for purposes of this section; (ii) retained by the creditor; (iii) certified in the manner prescribed by this section by an officer or other authorized representative of such creditor; and (iv) notarized by a person licensed as a notary under the laws of the State of West Virginia or any other state or territory of the United States. The certification required by this section shall substantially conform to the following language:
“ I, _______________(name of person certifying ), the __________________________ (title of person certifying) of _______________________(creditor’s name), hereby certify that the notice of the consumer’s right to cure default amount reflected in the notice on which this certification appears (or to which this certification is attached ) is a true and accurate balance of all unpaid sums legally due from the borrower on the date of this notice. I hereby further certify that the foregoing notice of the consumer’s right to cure default was on this ____ day of __________________, 1920_____, mailed to the person(s) whose name(s) appear herein (therein) at the address(es) set forth herein (therein).
Failure to send notice to a cosigner as required by this section does not, in and of itself, give rise to a cause of action against the creditor. Failure to send notice to the consumer in the manner provided for herein is subject to the limitations of liability in civil actions contained in article five, section one hundred one of this chapter.
Except as hereinafter provided in this section, after a default on any installment or any other secured obligation other than with respect to a covenant to provide insurance for or otherwise protect and preserve the property covered by a security interest or lease, a creditor may not accelerate the maturity of the unpaid balance of any such installment obligation or any other such secured obligation, commence any action or demand or take possession of collateral on account of default until ten twenty days after notice has been given to the consumer of his or her right to cure such default or in accordance with the specific terms of the obligation if such terms provide for a longer period. Until such period expires, the consumer shall have the right to cure any default by tendering the amount of all unpaid sums due at the time of the tender, without acceleration, plus any unpaid delinquency or deferral charges and by tendering any other performance necessary to cure such the default. Any such cure shall restore a consumer to all his or her rights under the agreement the same as if there had been no default. A consumer who has been in default three or more times on the same obligation and who has been given notice of such fact three or more times shall not have the right to cure a default under this section even though previous defaults have been cured and his or her creditor’s right to proceed against him or her and his or her collateral shall not be impaired or limited in any way by this section. There shall be no acceleration of the maturity of all or part of any amount owing in such a consumer credit sale, consumer lease or consumer loan, except where nonperformance specified in the agreement as constituting default has occurred.