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Chapter 48     Entire Code
‹ Chapter 47B  |  Chapter 48A › Printer Friendly Versions
Chapter 48  |  Article 48 - 13

1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS; DEFINITIONS

2 - MARRIAGES

3 - PROPERTY, RIGHTS AND LIABILITIE

4 - SEPARATE MAINTENANCE

5 - DIVORCE

5A - COLLABORATIVE FAMILY LAW PROCE

6 - APPENDICES

7 - EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION OF PROPE

8 - SPOUSAL SUPPORT

9 - ALLOCATION OF CUSTODIAL RESPONS

10 - GRANDPARENT VISITATION

11 - SUPPORT OF CHILDREN

12 - MEDICAL SUPPORT

14 - REMEDIES FOR THE ENFORCEMENT

15 - ENFORCEMENT OF SUPPORT ORDER

16 - UNIFORM INTERSTATE FAMILY SUP

17 - WEST VIRGINIA SUPPORT ENFORCE

18 - BUREAU FOR CHILD SUPPORT ENFO

19 - BUREAU FOR CHILD SUPPORT ENFO

20 - UNIFORM CHILD CUSTODY JURISDI

21 - RESERVED

22 - ADOPTION

23 - VOLUNTARY ADOPTION REGISTRY

24 - ESTABLISHMENT OF PATERNITY

25 - CHANGE OF NAME

25A - MATERNAL MORTALITY REVIEW TE

26 - DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT

27 - PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF D

27A - DOMESTIC VIOLENCE FATALITY R

28 - UNIFORM INTERSTATE ENFORCEMEN

28A - ADDRESS CONFIDENTIALITY PROG

29 - PROPERTY, RIGHTS AND LIABILIT

30 - PROCEEDING BEFORE A FAMILY LA

WVC 48- CHAPTER 48. DOMESTIC RELATIONS.
WVC 48 - 13 - ARTICLE 13. GUIDELINES FOR CHILD SUPPORT AWARDS.

WVC 48 - 13 - 101 PART 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
§48-13-101. Guidelines to ensure uniformity and increase predictability; presumption of correctness.
This article establishes guidelines for child support award amounts so as to ensure greater uniformity by those persons who make child support recommendations and enter child support orders and to increase predictability for parents, children and other persons who are directly affected by child support orders. There is a rebuttable presumption, in any proceeding before a court for the award of child support, that the amount of the award which would result from the application of these guidelines is the correct amount of child support to be awarded.

WVC 48 - 13 - 102 §48-13-102. Right of children to share in parents' level of living.
The Legislature recognizes that children have a right to share in their natural parents' level of living. Expenditures in families are not made in accordance with subsistence level standards, but are made in proportion to household income, and as parental incomes increase or decrease, the actual dollar expenditures for children also increase or decrease correspondingly. In order to ensure that children properly share in their parents' resources, regardless of family structure, these guidelines are structured so as to provide that after a consideration of respective parental incomes, child support will be related, to the extent practicable, to the standard of living that children would enjoy if they were living in a household with both parents present.

WVC 48 - 13 - 103 §48-13-103. Financial contributions of both parents to be considered.
The guidelines promulgated under the provisions of this article take into consideration the financial contributions of both parents. The Legislature recognizes that expenditures in households are made in aggregate form and that total family income is pooled to determine the level at which the family can live. These guidelines consider the financial contributions of both parents in relationship to total income, so as to establish and equitably apportion the child support obligation.

WVC 48 - 13 - 201 PART 2. CALCULATION OF CHILD SUPPORT ORDER.
§48-13-201. Use of both parents' income in determining child support.
A child support order is determined by dividing the total child support obligation between the parents in proportion to their income. Both parents' adjusted gross income is used to determine the amount of child support.

WVC 48 - 13 - 202 PART 2. CALCULATION OF CHILD SUPPORT ORDER.
§48-13-202. Application of expenses and credits in determining child support.
In determining the total child support obligation, the court shall:

(1) Add to the basic child support obligation any unreimbursed child health care expenses, work-related child care expenses and any other extraordinary expenses agreed to by the parents or ordered by the court; and

(2) Subtract any extraordinary credits agreed to by the parents or ordered by the court.

WVC 48 - 13 - 203 §48-13-203. Amount determined by guidelines presumed to be correct.
The amount of support resulting from the application of the guidelines is presumed to be the correct amount, unless the court, in a written finding or a specific finding on the record, disregards the guidelines or adjusts the award as provided for in section 13-702.

WVC 48 - 13 - 204 §48-13-204. Use of worksheets.
The calculation of the amount awarded by the support order requires the use of one of two worksheets which must be completed for each case. Worksheet A is used for a basic shared parenting arrangement. Worksheet B is used for an extended shared parenting arrangement.

WVC 48 - 13 - 205

§48-13-205. Present income as monthly amounts.


To the extent practicable, all information relating to income shall be presented to the court based on monthly amounts. For example, when a party is paid wages weekly, the pay should be multiplied by fifty-two and divided by twelve to arrive at a correct monthly amount. If the court deems appropriate, such information may be presented in such other forms as the court directs.

WVC 48 - 13 - 302

PART 3. BASIC CHILD SUPPORT ORDER.
§48-13-301. Determining the basic child support obligation.
The basic child support obligation is determined from the following table of monthly basic child support obligations:

West Virginia

Monthly Basic Child Support Obligations

(Adjusted for West Virginia’s Income Relative to U.S. Averages)

COMBINED

GROSS

MONTHLY

INCOME

ONE

CHILD

TWO

CHILDREN

THREE

CHILDREN

FOUR

CHILDREN

FIVE

CHILDREN

SIX

CHILDREN

550

127

185

219

242

263

281

600

137

200

237

262

284

304

650

147

214

253

280

303

325

700

156

227

268

296

321

344

750

163

238

282

311

337

361

800

171

249

295

326

353

378

850

179

261

309

341

370

395

900

188

273

323

357

387

414

950

197

286

338

374

405

433

1000

205

299

353

390

423

452

1050

214

311

368

406

440

471

1100

223

324

382

423

458

490

1150

231

336

397

439

476

509

1200

240

349

412

455

493

528

1250

248

361

426

471

511

547

1300

257

373

441

487

528

565

1350

265

386

456

503

546

584

1400

274

398

470

519

563

602

1450

282

410

484

534

579

620

1500

291

422

498

550

596

638

1550

299

434

512

565

613

656

1600

307

446

526

581

630

674

1650

316

458

540

596

646

692

1700

324

470

554

612

663

709

1750

332

482

568

627

680

727

1800

341

494

581

643

697

745

1850

349

506

595

658

713

763

1900

357

517

609

673

730

781

1950

366

529

623

689

747

799

2000

373

540

636

703

762

816

2050

381

551

649

717

778

832

2100

388

562

662

731

793

848

2150

395

573

674

745

808

864

2200

403

583

687

759

823

881

2250

410

594

700

773

838

897

2300

417

605

712

787

853

913

2350

425

616

725

801

869

929

2400

432

626

738

815

884

946

2450

440

637

750

829

899

962

2500

447

648

763

843

914

978

2550

454

658

776

857

929

994

2600

460

667

786

868

941

1007

2650

465

674

794

877

951

1018

2700

471

682

803

887

962

1029

2750

475

688

810

895

970

1038

2800

479

694

816

902

978

1046

2850

484

700

823

909

986

1055

2900

488

705

830

917

994

1063

2950

492

711

836

924

1002

1072

3000

496

717

843

931

1010

1080

3050

500

723

850

939

1018

1089

3100

504

729

856

946

1026

1097

3150

509

735

863

953

1033

1106

3200

513

740

869

961

1041

1114

3250

517

746

876

968

1049

1123

3300

521

752

882

975

1057

1131

3350

524

757

888

981

1064

1138

3400

527

761

893

987

1070

1145

3450

531

766

899

993

1077

1152

3500

534

771

904

999

1083

1159

3550

537

775

910

1006

1090

1166

3600

541

780

916

1012

1097

1173

3650

544

785

921

1018

1103

1180

3700

547

790

927

1024

1110

1187

3750

550

794

932

1030

1116

1194

3800

554

799

937

1036

1123

1201

3850

557

803

943

1041

1129

1208

3900

560

808

948

1047

1135

1215

3950

563

812

953

1053

1142

1222

4000

566

817

959

1059

1148

1229

4050

570

822

964

1065

1155

1236

4100

574

828

972

1074

1164

1245

4150

579

834

979

1082

1172

1254

4200

583

841

986

1090

1181

1264

4250

588

847

993

1098

1190

1273

4300

592

853

1001

1106

1199

1283

4350

597

860

1008

1114

1207

1292

4400

601

866

1015

1122

1216

1301

4450

606

873

1023

1130

1225

1311

4500

610

879

1030

1138

1234

1320

4550

615

885

1037

1146

1242

1329

4600

619

892

1044

1154

1251

1339

4650

624

898

1052

1162

1260

1348

4700

628

904

1059

1170

1269

1357

4750

633

911

1066

1178

1277

1367

4800

637

917

1074

1186

1286

1376

4850

642

924

1082

1195

1296

1386

4900

647

931

1090

1204

1305

1397

4950

651

938

1098

1213

1315

1407

5000

656

945

1106

1222

1325

1418

5050

661

951

1114

1231

1335

1428

5100

666

958

1123

1240

1345

1439

5150

670

965

1131

1249

1354

1449

5200

675

972

1139

1259

1364

1460

5250

680

979

1147

1268

1374

1470

5300

685

986

1155

1277

1384

1481

5350

689

993

1163

1285

1393

1491

5400

694

999

1171

1294

1403

1501

5450

698

1006

1179

1302

1412

1511

5500

703

1012

1186

1311

1421

1521

5550

707

1019

1194

1319

1430

1530

5600

712

1025

1201

1328

1439

1540

5650

716

1031

1208

1335

1447

1548

5700

719

1036

1214

1341

1454

1556

5750

723

1042

1220

1348

1462

1564

5800

727

1047

1226

1355

1469

1572

5850

731

1052

1233

1362

1477

1580

5900

735

1058

1239

1369

1484

1588

5950

739

1063

1245

1376

1492

1596

6000

743

1069

1251

1383

1499

1604

6050

747

1074

1258

1390

1506

1612

6100

751

1080

1265

1397

1515

1621

6150

755

1086

1272

1405

1523

1630

6200

760

1093

1279

1413

1531

1639

6250

764

1099

1286

1420

1540

1648

6300

768

1105

1292

1428

1548

1657

6350

773

1111

1299

1436

1556

1665

6400

777

1117

1306

1444

1565

1674

6450

781

1123

1313

1451

1573

1683

6500

785

1129

1320

1459

1582

1692

6550

789

1135

1327

1467

1590

1701

6600

793

1140

1334

1474

1598

1710

6650

797

1146

1341

1482

1607

1719

6700

801

1152

1348

1490

1615

1728

6750

806

1158

1355

1498

1623

1737

6800

810

1164

1362

1505

1632

1746

6850

814

1170

1369

1513

1640

1755

6900

818

1176

1376

1521

1649

1764

6950

822

1182

1383

1529

1657

1773

7000

826

1188

1390

1536

1665

1782

7050

830

1194

1397

1544

1674

1791

7100

834

1200

1404

1552

1682

1800

7150

838

1206

1411

1560

1691

1809

7200

842

1212

1418

1567

1699

1818

7250

847

1218

1425

1575

1707

1827

7300

851

1224

1432

1583

1716

1836

7350

855

1230

1439

1591

1724

1845

7400

859

1236

1446

1598

1733

1854

7450

863

1242

1453

1606

1741

1863

7500

867

1248

1460

1614

1749

1872

7550

871

1253

1468

1622

1758

1881

7600

875

1259

1475

1629

1766

1890

7650

879

1265

1482

1637

1775

1899

7700

883

1271

1489

1645

1783

1908

7750

887

1277

1496

1653

1792

1917

7800

891

1283

1503

1661

1800

1926

7850

895

1289

1510

1669

1809

1935

7900

899

1295

1517

1676

1817

1944

7950

903

1300

1524

1684

1826

1954

8000

907

1306

1531

1692

1834

1963

8050

911

1312

1538

1700

1843

1972

8100

915

1318

1545

1708

1851

1981

8150

919

1324

1553

1716

1860

1990

8200

923

1330

1560

1723

1868

1999

8250

927

1336

1567

1731

1877

2008

8300

931

1342

1574

1739

1885

2017

8350

935

1348

1581

1747

1894

2026

8400

939

1353

1588

1755

1902

2035

8450

943

1359

1595

1763

1911

2044

8500

947

1365

1602

1770

1919

2053

8550

951

1371

1609

1778

1928

2062

8600

954

1377

1616

1786

1936

2072

8650

958

1383

1623

1794

1944

2081

8700

962

1389

1630

1802

1953

2090

8750

966

1395

1638

1809

1961

2099

8800

970

1401

1645

1817

1970

2108

8850

974

1406

1652

1825

1978

2117

8900

978

1412

1659

1833

1987

2126

8950

982

1418

1666

1840

1995

2135

9000

985

1423

1672

1847

2002

2142

9050

989

1428

1678

1854

2010

2150

9100

992

1433

1684

1861

2017

2158

9150

996

1438

1690

1867

2024

2166

9200

999

1443

1696

1874

2032

2174

9250

1003

1448

1702

1881

2039

2182

9300

1006

1453

1708

1888

2046

2189

9350

1010

1458

1714

1894

2053

2197

9400

1013

1463

1720

1901

2061

2205

9450

1016

1469

1727

1908

2068

2213

9500

1020

1474

1733

1915

2075

2221

9550

1023

1479

1739

1921

2083

2228

9600

1027

1484

1745

1928

2090

2236

9650

1030

1489

1751

1935

2097

2244

9700

1034

1494

1757

1942

2105

2252

9750

1037

1499

1763

1948

2112

2260

9800

1041

1504

1769

1955

2119

2268

9850

1044

1509

1775

1962

2127

2275

9900

1047

1514

1781

1969

2134

2283

9950

1051

1519

1788

1975

2141

2291

10000

1054

1524

1794

1982

2148

2299

10050

1058

1529

1800

1989

2156

2307

10100

1061

1534

1806

1995

2163

2315

10150

1065

1539

1812

2002

2170

2322

10200

1068

1545

1818

2009

2178

2330

10250

1072

1550

1824

2016

2185

2338

10300

1075

1555

1830

2022

2192

2346

10350

1078

1560

1836

2029

2200

2354

10400

1082

1565

1842

2036

2207

2361

10450

1086

1570

1849

2043

2215

2370

10500

1089

1576

1855

2050

2222

2378

10550

1093

1581

1861

2057

2230

2386

10600

1097

1586

1868

2064

2237

2394

10650

1101

1592

1874

2071

2245

2402

10700

1104

1597

1880

2078

2252

2410

10750

1108

1602

1887

2085

2260

2418

10800

1112

1608

1893

2092

2268

2426

10850

1115

1613

1899

2099

2275

2434

10900

1119

1619

1906

2106

2283

2443

10950

1123

1624

1912

2113

2290

2451

11000

1127

1629

1918

2120

2298

2459

11050

1130

1635

1925

2127

2306

2467

11100

1134

1640

1931

2134

2313

2475

11150

1138

1645

1937

2141

2321

2483

11200

1142

1651

1944

2148

2328

2491

11250

1145

1656

1950

2155

2336

2499

11300

1149

1662

1956

2162

2343

2507

11350

1153

1667

1963

2169

2351

2516

11400

1156

1672

1969

2176

2359

2524

11450

1160

1678

1975

2183

2366

2532

11500

1163

1682

1981

2189

2373

2539

11550

1167

1687

1987

2196

2380

2547

11600

1170

1692

1993

2202

2387

2554

11650

1174

1697

1999

2208

2394

2561

11700

1177

1702

2004

2215

2401

2569

11750

1180

1707

2010

2221

2408

2576

11800

1184

1712

2016

2228

2415

2584

11850

1187

1717

2022

2234

2422

2591

11900

1191

1722

2027

2240

2428

2598

11950

1193

1725

2031

2245

2433

2604

12000

1195

1729

2035

2249

2438

2609

12050

1198

1732

2039

2254

2443

2614

12100

1200

1735

2043

2258

2448

2619

12150

1202

1739

2047

2262

2452

2624

12200

1205

1742

2051

2267

2457

2629

12250

1207

1746

2055

2271

2462

2634

12300

1210

1749

2059

2276

2467

2640

12350

1212

1752

2063

2280

2472

2645

12400

1214

1756

2067

2285

2476

2650

12450

1217

1759

2071

2289

2481

2655

12500

1219

1763

2075

2293

2486

2660

12550

1221

1766

2079

2298

2491

2665

12600

1224

1770

2083

2302

2496

2670

12650

1226

1773

2088

2307

2500

2675

12700

1228

1776

2092

2311

2505

2681

12750

1231

1780

2096

2316

2510

2686

12800

1233

1783

2100

2320

2515

2691

12850

1236

1787

2104

2324

2520

2696

12900

1238

1790

2108

2329

2524

2701

12950

1240

1793

2112

2333

2529

2706

13000

1243

1797

2116

2338

2534

2711

13050

1245

1800

2120

2342

2539

2717

13100

1247

1804

2124

2347

2544

2722

13150

1250

1807

2128

2351

2548

2727

13200

1252

1811

2132

2355

2553

2732

13250

1255

1814

2136

2360

2558

2737

13300

1257

1817

2140

2364

2563

2742

13350

1259

1821

2144

2369

2568

2747

13400

1262

1824

2148

2373

2572

2753

13450

1264

1828

2152

2378

2577

2758

13500

1266

1831

2156

2382

2582

2763

13550

1269

1834

2160

2386

2587

2768

13600

1271

1838

2164

2391

2592

2773

13650

1274

1841

2168

2395

2596

2778

13700

1276

1845

2172

2400

2601

2783

13750

1278

1848

2176

2404

2606

2789

13800

1281

1852

2180

2409

2611

2794

13850

1283

1855

2184

2413

2616

2799

13900

1285

1858

2188

2417

2620

2804

13950

1288

1862

2192

2422

2625

2809

14000

1290

1865

2196

2426

2630

2814

14050

1292

1869

2200

2431

2635

2819

14100

1295

1872

2204

2435

2640

2824

14150

1297

1875

2208

2440

2645

2830

14200

1300

1879

2212

2444

2649

2835

14250

1302

1882

2216

2448

2654

2840

14300

1304

1886

2220

2453

2659

2845

14350

1307

1889

2224

2457

2664

2850

14400

1309

1893

2228

2462

2669

2855

14450

1311

1896

2232

2466

2673

2860

14500

1314

1899

2236

2471

2678

2866

14550

1316

1903

2240

2475

2683

2871

14600

1319

1906

2244

2479

2688

2876

14650

1321

1910

2248

2484

2693

2881

14700

1323

1913

2252

2488

2697

2886

14750

1326

1916

2256

2493

2702

2891

14800

1328

1920

2260

2497

2707

2896

14850

1330

1923

2264

2502

2712

2902

14900

1333

1927

2268

2506

2717

2907

14950

1335

1930

2272

2510

2721

2912

15000

1338

1934

2276

2515

2726

2917

WVC 48 - 13 - 302 §48-13-302. Incomes below the table for determining basic child support obligations.
If combined adjusted gross income is below five hundred fifty dollars per month, which is the lowest amount of income considered in the table of monthly basic child support obligations set forth in subsection (a) of this section, the basic child support obligation shall be set at fifty dollars per month or a discretionary amount determined by the court based on the resources and living expenses of the parents and the number of children due support.

WVC 48 - 13 - 303 §48-13-303. Incomes above the table for determining basic child support obligations.
If combined adjusted gross income is above fifteen thousand dollars per month, which is the highest amount of income considered in the table of monthly basic child support obligations set forth in subsection (a) of this section, the basic child support obligation shall not be less than it would be based on a combined adjusted gross income of fifteen thousand dollars. The court may also compute the basic child support obligation for combined adjusted gross incomes above fifteen thousand dollars by the following:

(1) One child -- $1,338 + 0.088 x combined adjusted gross income above fifteen thousand dollars per month;

(2) Two children -- $1,934 + 0.129 x combined adjusted gross income above fifteen thousand dollars per month;

(3) Three children -- $2,276 + 0.153 x combined adjusted gross income above fifteen thousand dollars per month;

(4) Four children -- $2,515 + 0.169 x combined adjusted gross income above fifteen thousand dollars per month;

(5) Five children -- $2,726 + 0.183 x combined adjusted gross income above fifteen thousand dollars per month; and

(6) Six children -- $2,917 + 0.196 x combined adjusted gross income above fifteen thousand dollars per month.

WVC 48 - 13 - 401 PART 4. SUPPORT IN BASIC SHARED PARENTING CASES.
§48-13-401. Basic child support obligation in basic shared parenting.
For basic shared parenting cases, the total child support obligation consists of the basic child support obligation plus the child's share of any unreimbursed health care expenses, work-related child care expenses and any other extraordinary expenses agreed to by the parents or ordered by the court less any extraordinary credits agreed to by the parents or ordered by the court.

WVC 48 - 13 - 402 §48-13-402. Division of basic child support obligation in basic shared parenting.
For basic shared parenting cases, the total basic child support obligation is divided between the parents in proportion to their income. From this amount is subtracted the payor's direct expenditures of any items which were added to the basic child support obligation to arrive at the total child support obligation.

WVC 48 - 13 - 403 §48-13-403. Worksheet for calculating basic child support obligation in basic shared parenting cases.
Child support for basic shared parenting cases shall be calculated using the following worksheet:

Worksheet A: BASIC SHARED PARENTING
IN THE FAMILY COURT OF __________ COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA

CASE NO.________

Mother: _____________________ SS No.: ________________ Primary Custodial parent? ? Yes ? No

Father: ______________________ SS No.: ________________ Primary Custodial parent? ? Yes ? No

         
Children SSN Date of Birth Children SSN Date of Birth
           
           
           
PART I. CHILD SUPPORT ORDER Mother Father Combin ed
1. MONTHLY GROSS INCOME (Exclusive of overtime compensation) $ $  
a. Minus preexisting child support payment - -  
b. Minus maintenance paid - -  
c. Plus overtime compensation, if not excluded, and not to exceed 50%, pursuant to W. Va. Code §48-1-228(b)(6)

d. Additional dependents deduction

+ +  
2. MONTHLY ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME $ $ $
3. PERCENTAGE SHARE OF INCOME

(Each parent's income from line 2 divided by Combined Income)

% %

100%

4. BASIC OBLIGATION

(Use Line 2 combined to find amount from schedule.)

    $
5. ADJUSTMENTS (Expenses paid directly by each parent)

a. Work-Related Child Care Costs Adjusted for Federal Tax Credit (0.75 x actual work-related child care costs.)

$

$

 
b. Extraordinary Medical Expenses (Uninsured only) and Children's Portion of Health Insurance Premium Costs. $ $  
c. Extraordinary Expenses (Agreed to by parents or by order of the court.) $ $  
d. Minus Extraordinary Adjustments (Agreed to by parents or by order of court.)      
e. Total Adjustments (For each column, add 5a, 5b, and 5c. Subtract Line 5d. Add the parent's totals together for Combined amount.) $ $ $
6. TOTAL SUPPORT OBLIGATION

(Add line 4 and line 5e Combined.)

    $
7. EACH PARENT'S SHARE OF THE TOTAL CHILD SUPPORT OBLIGATION (Line 3 x line 6 for each parent.) $ $  
8. PAYOR PARENT ADJUSTMENT

(Enter payor parent's line 5e.)

$ $  
9. RECOMMENDED CHILD SUPPORT ORDER

(Subtract line 8 from line 7 for the payor parent only. Leave payee parent column blank.)

$ $  
PART II. ABILITY TO PAY CALCULATION

(Complete if the payor parent's adjusted monthly gross income is below $1,550.)

10. Spendable Income

(0.80 x line 2 for payor parent only.)

     
11. Self Support Reserve $500 $500  
12. Income Available for Support

(Line 10 - line 11. If less than $50, then $50)

     
13. Adjusted Child Support Order

(Lessor of Line 9 and Line 12.)

     
Comments, calculations, or rebuttals to schedule or adjustments if payor parent directly pays extraordinary expenses.
PREPARED BY: Date:

WVC 48 - 13 - 404 §48-13-404. Additional calculation to be made in basic shared parenting cases.

In cases where the payor parent's adjusted gross income is below one thousand five hundred fifty dollars per month, an additional calculation in Worksheet A, Part II shall be made. This additional calculation sets the child support order at whichever is lower.

(1) Child support at the amount determined in Part I; or

(2) The difference between eighty percent of the payor parent's adjusted gross income and five hundred dollars, or fifty dollars, whichever is more.

WVC 48 - 13 - 501 PART 5. SUPPORT IN EXTENDED SHARED PARENTING
OR SPLIT PHYSICAL CUSTODY CASES.
§48-13-501. Extended shared parenting adjustment.
Child support for cases with extended shared parenting is calculated using Worksheet B. The following method is used only for extended shared parenting: That is, in cases where each parent has the child for more than one hundred twenty-seven days per year (thirty-five percent).

(1) The basic child support obligation is multiplied by 1.5 to arrive at a shared parenting basic child support obligation. The shared parenting basic child support obligation is apportioned to each parent according to his or her income. In turn, a child support obligation is computed for each parent by multiplying that parent's portion of the shared parenting child support obligation by the percentage of time the child spends with the other parent. The respective basic child support obligations are then offset, with the parent owing more basic child support paying the difference between the two amounts. The transfer for the basic obligation for the parent owing less basic child support shall be set at zero dollars.

(2) Adjustments for each parent's additional direct expenses on the child are made by apportioning the sum of the parent's direct expenditures on the child's share of any unreimbursed child health care expenses, work-related child care expenses and any other extraordinary expenses agreed to by the parents or ordered by the court less any extraordinary credits agreed to by the parents or ordered by the court to each parent according to their income share. In turn each parent's net share of additional direct expenses is determined by subtracting the parent's actual direct expenses on the child's share of any unreimbursed child health care expenses, work-related child care expenses and any other extraordinary expenses agreed to by the parents or by the court less any extraordinary credits agreed to by the parents or ordered by the court from their share. The parent with a positive net share of additional direct expenses owes the other parent the amount of his or her net share of additional direct expenses. The parent with zero or a negative net share of additional direct expenses owes zero dollars for additional direct expenses.

(3) The final amount of the child support order is determined by summing what each parent owes for the basic support obligation and additional direct expenses as defined in subdivisions (1) and (2) of this section. The respective sums are then offset, with the parent owing more paying the other parent the difference between the two amounts.

WVC 48 - 13 - 502 §48-13-502. Extended shared parenting worksheet.
Child support for extended shared parenting cases shall be calculated using the following worksheet:

Worksheet B: extended shared parenting
IN THE FAMILY COURT OF ______________ COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA

CASE NO. ____________

Mother: ___________________________ SS No.: __________

Father: ____________________________ SS No.: __________

           
Children SSN Date of Birth Children SSN Date of Birth
           
           
           
PART I. BASIC OBLIGATION Mothe r Father Combine d
1. MONTHLY GROSS INCOME (Exclusive of overtime compensation) $ $  
a. Minus preexisting child support payment - -  
b. Minus maintenance paid - -  
c. Plus overtime compensation, if not excluded, and not to exceed 50%, pursuant to W. Va. Code §48-1-228(b)(6)

d. Additional dependent deduction

+ +  
2. MONTHLY ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME $ $ $
3. PERCENTAGE SHARE OF INCOME (Each parent's income from line 2 divided by Combined

Income)

% % 100%
4. BASIC OBLIGATION (Use line 2 Combined to find amount from Child Support Schedule.)     $
PART II. SHARED PARENTING ADJUSTMENT
5. Shared Parenting Basic Obligation (line 4 x 1.50)     $
6. Each Parent's Share (Line 5 x each parent's line 3) $ $  
7. Overnights with Each Parent (must total 365)     365
8. Percentage with Each Parent (Line 7 divided by 365) % % 100%
9. Amount Retained (Line 6 x line 8 for each parent) $ $  
10. Each Parent's Obligation (Line 6 - line 9) $ $  
11. AMOUNT TRANSFERRED FOR BASIC OBLIGATION (Subtract smaller amount on line 10 from larger amount on line 10. Parent with larger amount on line 10 owes the other parent the difference. Enter $0 for other parent. $ $  
PART III. ADJUSTMENTS FOR ADDITIONAL EXPENSES (Expenses paid directly by each parent.)
12a. Work-Related Child Care Costs Adjusted for Federal Tax Credit (0.75 x actual work-related child care costs.) $ $  
12b. Extraordinary Medical Expenses (Uninsured only) and Children's Portion of Health Insurance Premium Costs. $ $  
12c. Extraordinary Additional Expenses (Agreed to by parents or by order of the court.) $ $  
12d. Minus Extraordinary Adjustments (Agreed to by parents or by order of the court.) $ $  
12e. Total Adjustments (For each column, add 11a, 11b, and 11c. Subtract line 11d. Add the parent's totals together for Combined amount.) $ $ $
13. Each Parent's Share of Additional Expenses (Line 3 x line 12e Combined.) $ $  
14. Each Parent's Net Share of Additional Direct Expenses (Each parent's line 13-line 12e. If negative number, enter $0) $ $  
15. AMOUNT TRANSFERRED FOR ADDITIONAL EXPENSES (Subtract smaller amount on line 14 from larger amount on line 14. Parent with larger amount on line 14 owes the other parent the difference. Enter $0 for other parent.) $ $  
PART IV. RECOMMENDED CHILD SUPPORT ORDER
16. TOTAL AMOUNT TRANSFERRED (Line 11 + line 15) $ $  
17. RECOMMENDED CHILD SUPPORT ORDER (Subtract smaller amount on line 16 from larger amount on line 16. Parent with larger amount on line 16 owes the other parent the difference.) $ $  
Comments, calculations, or rebuttals to schedule or adjustments

PREPARED BY: Date:
WVC 48 - 13 - 503 §48-13-503. Split physical custody adjustment.
In cases with split physical custody, the court shall use Worksheet A as set forth in section 13-403 to calculate a separate child support order for each parent based on the number of children in that parent's custody. Instead of transferring the calculated orders between parents, the two orders are offset. The difference of the two orders is the child support order to be paid by the parent with the higher sole-parenting order.

WVC 48 - 13 - 601 PART 6. ADJUSTMENT OF SHARES OF SUPPORT OBLIGATIONS.
§48-13-601. Adjustment for child care tax credit.
(a) The amount of the federal tax credit for child care expenses that can be realized by the custodial parent shall be approximated by deducting twenty-five percent from work-related child care costs, except that no such deduction shall be made for custodial parents with monthly gross incomes below the following amounts:

(1) One child--$1,150;

(2) Two children--$1,550;

(3) Three children--$1,750;

(4) Four children--$1,950;

(5) Five children--$2,150; and

(6) Six or more children--$2,350.

(b) Work-related child care costs net of any adjustment for the child care tax credit shall be added to the basic child support obligation and shall be divided between the parents in proportion to their adjusted gross income.

WVC 48 - 13 - 602 §48-13-602. Adjustment for child health care.
(a) A child support order shall provide for the child's current and future medical needs by providing relief in accordance with the provisions of article 12-101, et seq., of this chapter.

(b) The payment of a premium to provide health insurance coverage on behalf of the children subject to the order is added to the basic child support obligation and divided between the parents in proportion to their adjusted gross income. The amount added to the basic child support obligation is the actual amount of the total insurance premium that is attributable to the number of children due support. If this amount is not available or cannot be verified, the total cost of the premium should be divided by the total number of persons covered by the policy. The cost per person derived from this calculation is multiplied by the number of children who are the subject of the order and who are covered under the policy.

(c) After the total child support obligation is calculated and divided between the parents in proportion to their adjusted gross income, the amount of the health insurance premium added to the basic child support obligation is deducted from the support obligor's share of the total child support obligation if the support obligor is actually paying the premium.

(d) Extraordinary medical expenses shall be added to the basic child support obligation and shall be divided between the parents in proportion to their adjusted gross income.

WVC 48 - 13 - 603 §48-13-603. Adjustment for obligor's social security benefits sent directly to the child; receipt by child of supplemental security income.
(a) If a proportion of the obligor's social security benefit is paid directly to the custodian of his or her dependents who are the subject of the child support order, the following adjustment shall be made. The total amount of the social security benefit which includes the amounts paid to the obligor and the obligee shall be counted as gross income to the obligor. In turn, the child support order will be calculated as described in sections 13-401 through 13-404. To arrive at the final child support amount, however, the amount of the social security benefits sent directly to the child's household will be subtracted from the child support order. If the child support order amount results in a negative amount it shall be set at zero.

(b) If a child is a recipient of disability payments as supplemental security income for aged, blind and disabled, under the provisions of 42 U.S.C. §1382, et seq., and if support furnished by an obligor would be considered unearned income that renders the child ineligible for disability payments or medical benefits, no child support order shall be entered for that child. If a support order is entered for the child's siblings or other persons in the household, the child shall be excluded from the calculation of support, and the amount of support for the child shall be set at zero.

WVC 48 - 13 - 701 PART 7. APPLICATION OF CHILD SUPPORT GUIDELINES.

§48-13-701. Rebuttable presumption that child support award is correct.


The guidelines in child support awards apply as a rebuttable presumption to all child support orders established or modified in West Virginia. The guidelines must be applied to all actions in which child support is being determined including temporary orders, interstate (URESA and UIFSA), domestic violence, foster care, divorce, nondissolution, public assistance, nonpublic assistance and support decrees arising despite nonmarriage of the parties. The guidelines must be used by the court as the basis for reviewing adequacy of child support levels in uncontested cases as well as contested hearings.

WVC 48 - 13 - 702 §48-13-702. Disregard of formula.
(a) If the court finds that the guidelines are inappropriate in a specific case, the court may either disregard the guidelines or adjust the guidelines-based award to accommodate the needs of the child or children or the circumstances of the parent or parents. In either case, the reason for the deviation and the amount of the calculated guidelines award must be stated on the record (preferably in writing on the worksheet or in the order). Such findings clarify the basis of the order if appealed or modified in the future.

(b) These guidelines do not take into account the economic impact of the following factors that may be possible reasons for deviation:

(1) Special needs of the child or support obligor, including, but not limited to, the special needs of a minor or adult child who is physically or mentally disabled;

(2) Educational expenses for the child or the parent (i.e. those incurred for private, parochial, or trade schools, other secondary schools, or post-secondary education where there is tuition or costs beyond state and local tax contributions);

(3) Families with more than six children;

(4) Long distance visitation costs;

(5) The child resides with third party;

(6) The needs of another child or children to whom the obligor owes a duty of support;

(7) The extent to which the obligor's income depends on nonrecurring or nonguaranteed income; or

(8) Whether the total of spousal support, child support and child care costs subtracted from an obligor's income reduces that income to less than the federal poverty level and conversely, whether deviation from child support guidelines would reduce the income of the child's household to less than the federal poverty level.

WVC 48 - 13 - 703 §48-13-703. Restructuring of payments upon release of inmate.

     Upon his or her release from the custody of the Division of Corrections or the United States Bureau of Prisons, a person who is gainfully employed and is subject to a child support obligation or obligations and from whose weekly disposable earnings an amount in excess of forty percent is being withheld for the child support obligation or obligations may, within eighteen months of his or her release, petition the court having jurisdiction over the case or cases to restructure the payments to an amount that allows the person to pay his or her necessary living expenses. In order to achieve consistency and fairness, one judge may assume jurisdiction over all the cases the person may have within that circuit of the court. In apportioning the available funds, the court shall give priority to the person's current child support obligations: Provided, That a minimum of $50 per month shall be paid in each case. WVC 48 - 13 - 801 PART VIII. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS RELATING TO CHILD SUPPORT ORDERS .
§48-13-801. Tax exemption for child due support.
Unless otherwise agreed to by the parties, the court shall allocate the right to claim dependent children for income tax purposes to the payee parent except in cases of extended shared parenting. In extended shared parenting cases, these rights shall be allocated between the parties in proportion to their adjusted gross incomes for child support calculations. In a situation where allocation would be of no tax benefit to a party, the court need make no allocation to that party. However, the tax exemptions for the minor child or children should be granted to the payor parent only if the total of the payee parent's income and child support is greater when the exemption is awarded to the payor parent.

WVC 48 - 13 - 802 §48-13-802. Investment of child support.
(a) The court has the discretion, in appropriate cases, to direct that a portion of child support be placed in trust and invested for future educational or other needs of the child. The court may order such investment when all of the child's day-to-day needs are being met such that, with due consideration of the age of the child, the child is living as well as his or her parents.

(b) If the amount of child support ordered per child exceeds the sum of two thousand dollars per month, the court is required to make a finding, in writing, as to whether investments shall be made as provided for in subsection (a) of this section.

(c) A trustee named by the court shall use the judgment and care under the circumstances then prevailing that persons of prudence, discretion and intelligence exercise in the management of their own affairs, not in regard to speculation but in regard to the permanent disposition of their funds, considering the probable income as well as the probable safety of their capital. A trustee shall be governed by the provisions of the uniform prudent investor act as set forth in article six-c, chapter forty-four of this code. The court may prescribe the powers of the trustee and provide for the management and control of the trust. Upon petition of a party or the child's guardian or next friend and upon a showing of good cause, the court may order the release of funds in the trust from time to time.

WVC 48 - 13 - 803 §48-13-803. Reimbursement or arrearage only support.
When the payor is not paying any current support obligation but is required to pay for arrearages or reimbursement support, the court shall set a payment amount for the repayment of reimbursement support or of a support arrearage that is reasonable pursuant to the provisions of this article or section 6-301, but not to exceed the limits set out in section 14-408.

WVC 48 - 13 - 804 §48-13-804. Default orders.
(a) In any proceeding in which support is to be established, if a party has been served with proper pleadings and notified of the date, time and place of a hearing before a family court judge and does not enter an appearance or file a response, the family court judge shall prepare a default order for entry establishing the defaulting party's child support obligation consistent with the child support guidelines contained in this article.

(1) When applying the child support guidelines, the court may accept financial information from the other party as accurate, pursuant to rule 13(b) of the Rules of Practice and Procedure for Family Court; or

(2) If financial information is not available, the court may attribute income to the party based upon either:

(i) The party's work history;

(ii) Minimum wage, if appropriate; or

(iii) At a minimum, enter a child support order in a nominal amount unless, in the court's discretion, a zero support order should be entered.

(b) All orders shall provide for automatic withholding from income of the obligor pursuant to part 4, article fourteen of this chapter.

WVC 48 - 13 - 901 §48-13-901.
Repealed.

Acts, 2002 Reg. Sess., Ch. 18. WVC 48 - 13 - 902 §48-13-902.
Repealed.

Acts, 2002 Reg. Sess., Ch. 18.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2016 Regular Session
The West Virginia Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.


Recent legislation affecting the Code

Citation Year/Session Short Title
§48 - 27 - 301 - (Amended Code)
SENATE BILL - 581
PASSED - Regular Session

SB581 SUB1 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/10/2016)
Eliminating sunset provision terminating pilot domestic violence court program
§48 - 9 - 209 - (Amended Code)
HOUSE BILL - 4317
PASSED - Regular Session

HB4317 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/23/2016)
Limiting factors in parenting plans
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