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WEST VIRGINIA CODE
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WVC 18A- CHAPTER 18A. SCHOOL PERSONNEL.

WVC 18 A- 1 - ARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS.


WVC 18 A- 1 - 1 §18A-1-1. Definitions.
The definitions contained in section one, article one, chapter eighteen of this code apply to this chapter. In addition, the following words used in this chapter and in any proceedings pursuant to this chapter have the meanings ascribed to them unless the context clearly indicates a different meaning:

(a) "School personnel" means all personnel employed by a county board whether employed on a regular full-time basis, an hourly basis or otherwise. "School personnel" is comprised of two categories: Professional personnel and service personnel;

(b) "Professional person" or "professional personnel" means those persons or employees who meet the certification requirements of the state, licensing requirements of the state, or both, and includes a professional educator and other professional employee;

(c) "Professional educator" has the same meaning as "teacher" as defined in section one, article one, chapter eighteen of this code. Professional educators are classified as follows:

(1) "Classroom teacher" means a professional educator who has a direct instructional or counseling relationship with students and who spends the majority of his or her time in this capacity;

(2) "Principal" means a professional educator who functions as an agent of the county board and has responsibility for the supervision, management and control of a school or schools within the guidelines established by the county board. The principal's major area of responsibility is the general supervision of all the schools and all school activities involving students, teachers and other school personnel;

(3) "Supervisor" means a professional educator who is responsible for working primarily in the field with professional and other personnel in instructional and other school improvement. This category includes other appropriate titles or positions with duties that fit within this definition; and

(4) "Central office administrator" means a superintendent, associate superintendent, assistant superintendent and other professional educators who are charged with administering and supervising the whole or some assigned part of the total program of the countywide school system. This category includes other appropriate titles or positions with duties that fit within this definition;

(d) "Other professional employee" means a person from another profession who is properly licensed and who is employed to serve the public schools. This definition includes a registered professional nurse, licensed by the West Virginia Board of Examiners for Registered Professional Nurses, who is employed by a county board and has completed either a two-year (sixty-four semester hours) or a three-year (ninety-six semester hours) nursing program;

(e) "Service person" or "service personnel", whether singular or plural, means a nonteaching school employee who is not included in the meaning of "teacher" as defined in section one, article one, chapter eighteen of this code and who serves the school or schools as a whole, in a nonprofessional capacity, including such areas as secretarial, custodial, maintenance, transportation, school lunch and aides. Any reference to "service employee" or "service employees" in this chapter or chapter eighteen of this code means service person or service personnel as defined in this section;

(f) "Principals Academy" or "academy" means the academy created pursuant to section two-b, article three-a of this chapter;

(g) "Center for Professional Development" means the center created pursuant to section one, article three-a of this chapter;

(h) "Job-sharing arrangement" means a formal, written agreement voluntarily entered into by a county board with two or more of its employees who wish to divide between them the duties and responsibilities of one authorized full-time position;

(i) "Prospective employable professional person", whether singular or plural, means a certified professional educator who:

(1) Has been recruited on a reserve list of a county board;

(2) Has been recruited at a job fair or as a result of contact made at a job fair;

(3) Has not obtained regular employee status through the job posting process provided in section seven-a, article four of this chapter; and

(4) Has obtained a baccalaureate degree from an accredited institution of higher education within the past year;

(j) "Dangerous student" means a student who is substantially likely to cause serious bodily injury to himself, herself or another individual within that student's educational environment, which may include any alternative education environment, as evidenced by a pattern or series of violent behavior exhibited by the student, and documented in writing by the school, with the documentation provided to the student and parent or guardian at the time of any offense;

(k) "Alternative education" means an authorized departure from the regular school program designed to provide educational and social development for students whose disruptive behavior places them at risk of not succeeding in the traditional school structures and in adult life without positive interventions; and

(l) "Long-term substitute" means a substitute employee who fills a vacant position:

That the county superintendent expects to extend for at least thirty consecutive days, and is either:

(A) Listed in the job posting as a long-term substitute position of over thirty days; or

(B) Listed in a job posting as a regular, full-time position and:

(i) Is not filled by a regular, full-time employee; and

(ii) Is filled by a substitute employee.

For the purposes of section two, article sixteen, chapter five of this code, long-term substitute does not include a retired employee hired to fill the vacant position.


WVC 18 A- 1 - 2 §18A-1-2. Repeal of inconsistent provisions.
The provisions of any articles or parts of articles, of the code of West Virginia, one thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended, which are inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter, are hereby repealed to the extent of such inconsistency.


WVC 18 A- 1 - 3 §18A-1-3. Constitutionality and severability.
If any provisions of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances shall be held to be unconstitutional and invalid, such unconstitutionality and invalidity shall not affect any one of the provisions or applications of the chapter which can be given effect without the invalid provisions or applications; and to this end the provisions of this chapter are separable. The Legislature hereby declares that it would have passed the remaining parts of this chapter if it had known that such other part or parts thereof would be declared unconstitutional and invalid.


WVC 18 A- 2 - ARTICLE 2. SCHOOL PERSONNEL.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 1 §18A-2-1. Employment in general.

          (a) The employment of professional personnel shall be made by the board only upon nomination and recommendation of the superintendent, subject to the following:

          (1) The superintendent shall provide the principal at the school at which the professional educator or paraprofessional employee is to be employed an opportunity to interview all qualified applicants and make recommendations to the county superintendent regarding their employment;

          (2) The principal may not recommend for employment an individual who is related to him or her as father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, first cousin, nephew, niece, husband, wife, father-in-law, mother-in-law, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, stepfather, stepmother, stepson, stepdaughter, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother or half sister;

          (3) Nothing shall prohibit the timely employment of persons to perform necessary duties;

          (4) In case the board refuses to employ any or all of the persons nominated, the superintendent shall nominate others and submit the same to the board at such time as the board may direct;

          (5) All personnel so nominated and recommended for employment and for subsequent assignment shall meet the certification, licensing, training and other eligibility classifications as may be required by provisions of this chapter and by state board rule. In addition to any other information required, the application for any certification or licensing shall include the applicant's Social Security number.

          (b) Professional personnel employed as deputy, associate or assistant superintendents by the board in offices, departments or divisions at locations other than a school and who are directly answerable to the superintendent shall serve at the will and pleasure of the superintendent and may be removed by the superintendent upon approval of the board. Such professional personnel shall retain seniority rights only in the area or areas in which they hold valid certification or licensure.
WVC 18 A- 2 - 2 §18A-2-2. Employment of teachers; contracts; continuing contract status; how terminated; dismissal for lack of need; released time; failure of teacher to perform contract or violation thereof; written notice bonus for teachers and professional personnel.

          (a) Before entering upon their duties, all teachers shall execute a contract with their county boards, which shall state the salary to be paid and shall be in the form prescribed by the state superintendent. Each contract shall be signed by the teacher and by the president and secretary of the county board and shall be filed, together with the certificate of the teacher, by the secretary of the office of the county board: Provided, That when necessary to facilitate the employment of employable professional personnel and prospective and recent graduates of teacher education programs who have not yet attained certification, the contract may be signed upon the condition that the certificate is issued to the employee prior to the beginning of the employment term in which the employee enters upon his or her duties.

          (b) Each teacher's contract, under this section, shall be designated as a probationary or continuing contract. A probationary teacher's contract shall be for a term of not less than one nor more than three years, one of which shall be for completion of a beginning teacher internship pursuant to the provisions of section two-b, article three of this chapter, if applicable. If, after three years of such employment, the teacher who holds a professional certificate, based on at least a bachelor's degree, has met the qualifications for a bachelor's degree and the county board enter into a new contract of employment, it shall be a continuing contract, subject to the following:

          (1) Any teacher holding a valid certificate with less than a bachelor's degree who is employed in a county beyond the three-year probationary period shall upon qualifying for the professional certificate based upon a bachelor's degree, if reemployed, be granted continuing contract status; and

          (2) A teacher holding continuing contract status with one county shall be granted continuing contract status with any other county upon completion of one year of acceptable employment if the employment is during the next succeeding school year or immediately following an approved leave of absence extending no more than one year.

          (c) The continuing contract of any teacher shall remain in full force and effect except as modified by mutual consent of the school board and the teacher, unless and until terminated, subject to the following:

          (1) A continuing contract may not be terminated except:

          (A) By a majority vote of the full membership of the county board on or before March 1 of the then current year, after written notice, served upon the teacher, return receipt requested, stating cause or causes and an opportunity to be heard at a meeting of the board prior to the board's action on the termination issue; or

          (B) By written resignation of the teacher on or before March 1 to initiate termination of a continuing contract;

          (2) The termination shall take effect at the close of the school year in which the contract is terminated;

          (3) The contract may be terminated at any time by mutual consent of the school board and the teacher;

          (4) This section does not affect the powers of the school board to suspend or dismiss a principal or teacher pursuant to section eight of this article;

          (5) A continuing contract for any teacher holding a certificate valid for more than one year and in full force and effect during the school year 1984-1985 shall remain in full force and effect;

          (6) A continuing contract does not operate to prevent a teacher's dismissal based upon the lack of need for the teacher's services pursuant to the provisions of law relating to the allocation to teachers and pupil-teacher ratios. The written notification of teachers being considered for dismissal for lack of need shall be limited to only those teachers whose consideration for dismissal is based upon known or expected circumstances which will require dismissal for lack of need. An employee who was not provided notice and an opportunity for a hearing pursuant to this subsection may not be included on the list. In case of dismissal for lack of need, a dismissed teacher shall be placed upon a preferred list in the order of their length of service with that board. No teacher may be employed by the board until each qualified teacher upon the preferred list, in order, has been offered the opportunity for reemployment in a position for which he or she is qualified, not including a teacher who has accepted a teaching position elsewhere. The reemployment shall be upon a teacher's preexisting continuing contract and has the same effect as though the contract had been suspended during the time the teacher was not employed.

          (d) In the assignment of position or duties of a teacher under a continuing contract, the board may provide for released time of a teacher for any special professional or governmental assignment without jeopardizing the contractual rights of the teacher or any other rights, privileges or benefits under the provisions of this chapter. Released time shall be provided for any professional educator while serving as a member of the Legislature during any duly constituted session of that body and its interim and statutory committees and commissions without jeopardizing his or her contractual rights or any other rights, privileges, benefits or accrual of experience for placement on the state minimum salary schedule in the following school year under the provisions of this chapter, board policy and law.

          (e) Any teacher who fails to fulfill his or her contract with the board, unless prevented from doing so by personal illness or other just cause or unless released from his or her contract by the board, or who violates any lawful provision of the contract, is disqualified to teach in any other public school in the state for a period of the next ensuing school year and the State Department of Education or board may hold all papers and credentials of the teacher on file for a period of one year for the violation: Provided, That marriage of a teacher is not considered a failure to fulfill, or violation of, the contract.

          (f) Any classroom teacher, as defined in section one, article one of this chapter, who desires to resign employment with a county board or request a leave of absence, the resignation or leave of absence to become effective on or before July 15 of the same year and after completion of the employment term, may do so at any time during the school year by written notification of the resignation or leave of absence and any notification received by a county board shall automatically extend the teacher's public employee insurance coverage until August 31 of the same year.

          (g) (1) A classroom teacher who gives written notice to the county board on or before January 15 of the school year of his or her retirement from employment with the board at the conclusion of the school year shall be paid $500 from the Early Notification of Retirement line item established for the Department of Education for this purpose, subject to appropriation by the Legislature. If the appropriations to the Department of Education for this purpose are insufficient to compensate all applicable teachers, the Department of Education shall request a supplemental appropriation in an amount sufficient to compensate all such teachers. Additionally, if funds are still insufficient to compensate all applicable teachers, the priority of payment is for teachers who give written notice the earliest. This payment shall not be counted as part of the final average salary for the purpose of calculating retirement.

          (2) The position of a classroom teacher providing written notice of retirement pursuant to this subsection may be considered vacant and the county board may immediately post the position as an opening to be filled at the conclusion of the school year. If a teacher has been hired to fill the position of a retiring classroom teacher prior to the start of the next school year, the retiring classroom teacher is disqualified from continuing his or her employment in that position. However, the retiring classroom teacher may be permitted to continue his or her employment in that position and forfeit the early retirement notification payment if, after giving notice of retirement in accordance with this subsection, he or she becomes subject to a significant unforeseen financial hardship, including a hardship caused by the death or illness of an immediate family member or loss of employment of a spouse. Other significant unforeseen financial hardships shall be determined by the county superintendent on a case-by-case basis. This subsection does not prohibit a county school board from eliminating the position of a retiring classroom teacher.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 2 A §18A-2-2a. Leaves of absence for teachers and service personnel.

(a) Any teacher who is returning from an approved leave of absence that extended for a period of one year or less shall be reemployed by the county board with the right to be restored to the same assignment of position or duties held prior to the approved leave of absence. Such teacher shall retain all seniority, rights and privileges which had accrued at the time of the approved leave of absence, and shall have all rights and privileges generally accorded teachers at the time of the reemployment.

(b) An employee shall notify the county board at least ten working days prior to beginning a leave of absence. The county board shall approve such leave of absence for any teacher or service personnel who requests an extended leave of absence without pay for any period of time not exceeding one year for the purpose of pregnancy, childbirth or adoptive or infant bonding. An employee shall not be required to use accumulated annual leave or sick leave prior to taking an extended leave of absence.

(c) Such employee who returns from an approved leave of absence for the purpose of pregnancy, childbirth or adoptive or infant bonding which lasted for a period of one year or less than one year shall be reemployed with the right to be restored to the same assignment of position or duties and benefits held prior to the approved leave of absence. Such employee shall retain all rights and privileges generally accorded employees at the time of the reemployment.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 3 §18A-2-3. Employment of substitute teachers and retired teachers as substitutes in areas of critical need and shortage; employment of prospective employable professional personnel.
(a) The county superintendent, subject to approval of the county board, may employ and assign substitute teachers to any of the following duties: (1) To fill the temporary absence of any teacher or an unexpired school term made vacant by resignation, death, suspension or dismissal; (2) to fill a teaching position of a regular teacher on leave of absence; and (3) to perform the instructional services of any teacher who is authorized by law to be absent from class without loss of pay, providing the absence is approved by the board of education in accordance with the law. The substitute shall be a duly certified teacher.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary, a substitute teacher who has been assigned as a classroom teacher in the same classroom continuously for more than one half of a grading period and whose assignment remains in effect two weeks prior to the end of the grading period, shall remain in the assignment until the grading period has ended, unless the principal of the school certifies that the regularly employed teacher has communicated with and assisted the substitute with the preparation of lesson plans and monitoring student progress or has been approved to return to work by his or her physician. For the purposes of this section, teacher and substitute teacher, in the singular or plural, mean professional educator as defined in section one, article one of this chapter.

(c) (1) The Legislature hereby finds and declares that due to a shortage of qualified substitute teachers, a compelling state interest exists in expanding the use of retired teachers to provide service as substitute teachers in areas of critical need and shortage. The Legislature further finds that diverse circumstances exist among the counties for the expanded use of retired teachers as substitutes. For the purposes of this subsection, "area of critical need and shortage" means an area of certification and training in which the number of available substitute teachers in the county who hold certification and training in that area and who are not retired is insufficient to meet the projected need for substitute teachers.

(2) A person receiving retirement benefits under the provisions of article seven-a of this chapter or who is entitled to retirement benefits during the fiscal year in which that person retired may accept employment as a substitute teacher for an unlimited number of days each fiscal year without affecting the monthly retirement benefit to which the retirant is otherwise entitled if the following conditions are satisfied:

(A) The county board adopts a policy recommended by the superintendent to address areas of critical need and shortage;

(B) The policy sets forth the areas of critical need and shortage in the county in accordance with the definition of area of critical need and shortage set forth in subdivision (1) of this subsection;

(C) The policy provides for the employment of retired teachers as substitute teachers during the school year on an expanded basis in areas of critical need and shortage as provided in this subsection;

(D) The policy provides that a retired teacher may be employed as a substitute teacher in an area of critical need and shortage on an expanded basis as provided in this subsection only when no other teacher who holds certification and training in the area and who is not retired is available and accepts the substitute assignment;

(E) The policy is effective for one school year only and is subject to annual renewal by the county board;

(F) The state board approves the policy and the use of retired teachers as substitute teachers on an expanded basis in areas of critical need and shortage as provided in this subsection; and

(G) Prior to employment of a substitute teacher beyond the post-retirement employment limitations established by the consolidated public retirement board, the superintendent of the affected county submits to the Consolidated Public Retirement Board, in a form approved by the retirement board, an affidavit signed by the superintendent stating the name of the county, the fact that the county has adopted a policy to employ retired teachers as substitutes to address areas of critical need and shortage and the name or names of the person or persons to be employed pursuant to the policy.

(3) Any person who retires and begins work as a substitute teacher within the same employment term shall lose those retirement benefits attributed to the annuity reserve, effective from the first day of employment as a retiree substitute in that employment term and ending with the month following the date the retiree ceases to perform service as a substitute.

(4) Retired teachers employed to perform expanded substitute service pursuant to this subsection are considered day-to-day, temporary, part-time employees. The substitutes are not eligible for additional pension or other benefits paid to regularly employed employees and shall not accrue seniority.

(5) When a retired teacher is employed as a substitute to fill a vacant position, the county board shall continue to post the vacant position until it is filled with a regularly employed teacher.

(6) Until this subsection is expired pursuant to subdivision (7) of this subsection, the state board, annually, shall report to the Joint Committee on Government and Finance prior to the first day of February of each year. Additionally, a copy shall be provided to the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability. The report shall contain information indicating the effectiveness of the provisions of this subsection on expanding the use of retired substitute teachers to address areas of critical need and shortage.

(7) The provisions of this subsection shall expire on the thirtieth day of June, two thousand ten.

(d) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary, each year a county superintendent may employ prospective employable professional personnel on a reserve list at the county level subject to the following conditions:

(A) The county board adopts a policy to address areas of critical need and shortage as identified by the state board. The policy shall include authorization to employ prospective employable professional personnel;

(B) The county board posts a notice of the areas of critical need and shortage in the county in a conspicuous place in each school for at least ten working days; and

(C) There are not any potentially qualified applicants available and willing to fill the position.

(2) Prospective employable professional personnel may only be employed from candidates at a job fair who have or will graduate from college in the current school year or whose employment contract with a county board has or will be terminated due to a reduction in force in the current fiscal year.

(3) Prospective employable professional personnel employed are limited to three full-time prospective employable professional personnel per one hundred professional personnel employed in a county or twenty-five full-time prospective employable professional personnel in a county, whichever is less.

(4) Prospective employable professional personnel shall be granted benefits at a cost to the county board and as a condition of the employment contract as approved by the county board.

(5) Regular employment status for prospective employable professional personnel may be obtained only in accordance with the provisions of section seven-a, article four of this chapter.

(e) The state board annually shall review the status of employing personnel under the provisions of subsection (d) of this section and annually shall report to the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability on or before the first day of November of each year. The report shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

(A) The counties that participated in the program;

(B) The number of personnel hired;

(C) The teaching fields in which personnel were hired;

(D) The venue from which personnel were employed;

(E) The place of residency of the individual hired; and

(F) The state board's recommendations on the prospective employable professional personnel program.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 4 §18A-2-4. Commercial driver's license for school personnel; intrastate waiver for bus operators diagnosed with diabetes mellitus requiring insulin; reimbursement of electrician's and commercial driver's license when required, and educational sign language interpreter certification.

     (a) If a commercial driver's license is required as a condition of employment for any school employee or qualified applicant who becomes an employee by a county board the cost is paid in full by the county board.

      A county board may not require any employee or applicant who becomes an employee of the board to pay the cost of acquiring a commercial driver's license as a condition of employment.

     (b) The Division of Motor Vehicles shall accept the West Virginia Department of Education physical and psychomotor test result forms in lieu of the Division of Motor Vehicles vision report form.

     (c) A school bus operator who is currently employed by a county board or who is otherwise subject to state board rules governing school bus operators and who is diagnosed with diabetes mellitus requiring insulin is not ineligible for employment as a school bus operator because of the diagnosis if the operator is issued a passenger endorsement for his or her commercial driver license through the intrastate waiver program pertaining to diabetes of the West Virginia Division of Motor Vehicles, subject to the following:

     (1) A copy of the information required to be submitted to the Division of Motor Vehicles for waiver application and proof of passenger endorsement under the waiver program is submitted to his or her employer; and

     (2) The operator remains in compliance with the stipulations of and grounds for eligibility for the intrastate waiver.

     (d) If a county board requires of any employee who is employed as an electrician any license renewal when the employee is exempt from renewing the license pursuant to section three, article three-b, chapter twenty-nine of this code, the cost of the license renewal is paid in full by the county board.

     (e) The cost of certification renewal and satisfying the requirements of the West Virginia Registry of Interpreters is paid in full by the employer for any service person who is:

     (1) Employed as an educational sign language interpreter I or II and is required to complete any testing, training or continuing education in order to renew or maintain certification at that level;

     (2) Employed as an educational sign language interpreter I and is required to complete any testing, training or continuing education to advance to an educational sign language interpreter II; or

     (3) Employed as a sign support specialist and is required to complete any testing, training or continuing education in order to advance to an educational sign language interpreter I or II.

     (f) For any service person required to hold certification as a condition of employment, any time devoted to acquiring or maintaining the certification, including instructional time and training, constitutes hours of continuing education for purposes of meeting the annual continuing education requirements in state board policy.

     (g) Compliance with or failure to comply by a health care provider licensed and authorized pursuant to chapter thirty of this code, with the reporting requirements of the Division of Motor Vehicles regarding the provisions of subsection (c) of this section does not constitute negligence, nor may compliance or noncompliance with the requirements of this section be admissible as evidence of negligence in any civil or criminal action.
WVC 18 A- 2 - 5 §18A-2-5. Employment of service personnel; limitation.

The board is authorized to employ such service personnel, including substitutes, as is deemed necessary for meeting the needs of the county school system: Provided, That the board may not employ a number of such personnel whose minimum monthly salary under section eight-a, article four, of this chapter is specified as pay grade "H", which number exceeds the number employed by the board on the first day of March, one thousand nine hundred eighty-eight.

Effective the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-eight, a county board shall not employ for the first time any person who has not obtained a high school diploma or general educational development certificate (GED) or who is not enrolled in an approved adult education course by the date of employment in preparation for obtaining a GED: Provided, That such employment is contingent upon continued enrollment or successful completion of the GED program.

Before entering upon their duties service personnel shall execute with the board a written contract which shall be in the following form:

"COUNTY BOARD OF EDUCATION
SERVICE PERSONNEL CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT
THIS (Probationary or Continuing) CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT, made and entered into this _________ day of _____________, 19____, by and between THE BOARD OF EDUCATION OF THE COUNTY OF_______________, a corporation, hereinafter called the 'Board,' and (Name and Social Security Number of Employee), of (Mailing Address), hereinafter called the 'Employee.'

WITNESSETH, that whereas, at a lawful meeting of the Board of Education of the County of ___________ held at the offices of said Board, in the City of _____________________, ________________ County, West Virginia, on the ______ day of ___________________, 19____, the Employee was duly hired and appointed for employment as a (Job Classification) at (Place of Assignment) for the school year commencing __________ for the employment term and at the salary and upon the terms hereinafter set out.

NOW, THEREFORE, pursuant to said employment, Board and Employee mutually agree as follows:

(1) The Employee is employed by the Board as a (Job Classification) at (Place of Assignment) for the school year or remaining part thereof commencing _____________, 19_____. The period of employment is _______ days at an annual salary of $_______ at the rate of $________ per month.

(2) The Board hereby certifies that the Employee's employment has been duly approved by the Board and will be a matter of the Board's minute records.

(3) The services to be performed by the Employee shall be such services as are prescribed for the job classification set out above in paragraph (1) and as defined in Section 8, Article 4, Chapter 18A of the Code of West Virginia, as amended.

(4) The Employee may be dismissed at any time for immorality, incompetency, cruelty, insubordination, intemperance or willful neglect of duty pursuant to the provisions of Section 8, Article 2, Chapter 18A of the Code of West Virginia, as amended.

(5) The Superintendent of the ____________ County Board of Education, subject to the approval of the Board, may transfer and assign the Employee in the manner provided by Section 7, Article 2, Chapter 18A of the Code of West Virginia, as amended.

(6) This contract shall at all times be subject to any and all existing laws, or such laws as may hereafter be lawfully enacted, and such laws shall be a part of this contract.

(7) This contract may be terminated or modified at any time by the mutual consent of the Board and the Employee.

(8) This contract must be signed and returned to the Board at its address of __________________________________ within thirty days after being received by the Employee.

(9) By signing this contract the Employee accepts employment upon the terms herein set out.

WITNESS the following signatures as of the day, month and year first above written:

_____________, (President, ______ County Board of Education) _____________, (Secretary, ______ County Board of Education) _____________, (Employee)"

The use of this form shall not be interpreted to authorize boards to discontinue any employee's contract status with the boardor rescind any rights, privileges or benefits held under contract or otherwise by any employee prior to the effective date of this section.

Each contract of employment shall be designated as a probationary or continuing contract. The employment of service personnel shall be made a matter of minute record. The employee shall return the contract of employment to the county board of education within thirty days after receipt or otherwise he shall forfeit his right to employment.

Under such regulation and policy as may be established by the county board, service personnel selected and trained for teacher-aide classifications, such as monitor aide, clerical aide, classroom aide and general aide, shall work under the direction of the principal and teachers to whom assigned.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 5 A §18A-2-5a. Authorizing payment for notification of retirement.
Each county board is authorized to pay, entirely from local funds, five hundred dollars or less to any service employee, or to any professional employee who is not a classroom teacher, who gives written notice to the county board on or before the first day of February of the school year of his or her retirement from employment with the board at the conclusion of the school year.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 6 §18A-2-6. Continuing contract status for service personnel; termination.

     After three years of acceptable employment, each service personnel employee who enters into a new contract of employment with the board shall be granted continuing contract status: Provided, That a service personnel employee holding continuing contract status with one county shall be granted continuing contract status with any other county upon completion of one year of acceptable employment if such employment is during the next succeeding school year or immediately following an approved leave of absence extending no more than one year. The continuing contract of any such employee shall remain in full force and effect except as modified by mutual consent of the school board and the employee, unless and until terminated with written notice, stating cause or causes, to the employee, by a majority vote of the full membership of the board before March 1 of the then current year, or by written resignation of the employee on or before that date. The affected employee has the right of a hearing before the board, if requested, before final action is taken by the board upon the termination of such employment.

     Those employees who have completed three years of acceptable employment as of the effective date of this legislation shall be granted continuing contract status.
WVC 18 A- 2 - 6 A §18A-2-6a. Released time for service personnel.
In the assignment of position or duties of a service person under a continuing contract, the board may provide for released time of a service person for any special professional or governmental assignment without jeopardizing the contractual rights of such service or any other rights, privileges or benefits under the provisions of this chapter. Released time shall be provided for any service person while serving as a member of the Legislature during any duly constituted session of that body and its interim and statutory committees and commissions without jeopardizing his or her contractual rights or any other rights, privileges, benefits or accrual of experience for placement on the state minimum salary schedule in the following school year under the provisions of this chapter, board policy and law. For the purposes of this section, service person is the singular of service personnel as defined in section one, article one of this chapter.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 7 §18A-2-7. Assignment, transfer, promotion, demotion, suspension and recommendation of dismissal of school personnel by superintendent; preliminary notice of transfer; hearing on the transfer; proof required.

     (a) The superintendent, subject only to approval of the board, may assign, transfer, promote, demote or suspend school personnel and recommend their dismissal pursuant to provisions of this chapter. However, an employee shall be notified in writing by the superintendent on or before March 1 if he or she is being considered for transfer or to be transferred. Only those employees whose consideration for transfer or intended transfer is based upon known or expected circumstances which will require the transfer of employees shall be considered for transfer or intended for transfer and the notification shall be limited to only those employees. Any teacher or employee who desires to protest the proposed transfer may request in writing a statement of the reasons for the proposed transfer. The statement of reasons shall be delivered to the teacher or employee within ten days of the receipt of the request. Within ten days of the receipt of the statement of the reasons, the teacher or employee may make written demand upon the superintendent for a hearing on the proposed transfer before the county board. The hearing on the proposed transfer shall be held on or before April 15. At the hearing, the reasons for the proposed transfer must be shown.

     (b) The superintendent at a meeting of the board on or before April 15 shall furnish in writing to the board a list of teachers and other employees to be considered for transfer and subsequent assignment for the next ensuing school year. An employee who was not provided notice and an opportunity for a hearing pursuant to subsection (a) of this section may not be included on the list. All other teachers and employees not so listed shall be considered as reassigned to the positions or jobs held at the time of this meeting. The list of those recommended for transfer shall be included in the minute record of the meeting and all those so listed shall be notified in writing, which notice shall be delivered in writing, by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the persons' last known addresses within ten days following the board meeting, of their having been so recommended for transfer and subsequent assignment and the reasons therefor.

     (c) The superintendent's authority to suspend school personnel shall be temporary only pending a hearing upon charges filed by the superintendent with the county board and the period of suspension may not exceed thirty days unless extended by order of the board.

     (d) The provisions of this section respecting hearing upon notice of transfer is not applicable in emergency situations where the school building becomes damaged or destroyed through an unforeseeable act and which act necessitates a transfer of the school personnel because of the aforementioned condition of the building.

     (e) Notwithstanding this section or any provision of this code, when actual student enrollment in a grade level or program, unforeseen before March 1 of the preceding school year, permits the assignment of fewer teachers or service personnel to or within a school under any pupil-teacher ratio, class size or caseload standard established in section eighteen-a, article five, chapter eighteen of this code or any policy of the state board, the superintendent, with board approval, may reassign the surplus personnel to another school or to another grade level or program within the school if needed there to comply with any such pupil-teacher ratio, class size or caseload standard.

     (1) Before any reassignment may occur pursuant to this subsection, notice shall be provided to the employee and the employee shall be provided an opportunity to appear before the county board to state the reasons for his or her objections, if any, prior to the board voting on the reassignment.

     (2) Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (1) of this subsection, the reassignment may be made without following the notice and hearing provisions of this section, and at any time during the school year when the conditions of this subsection are met: Provided, That the reassignment may not occur after the last day of the second school month.

     (3) A professional employee reassigned under this subsection shall be the least senior of the surplus professional personnel who holds certification or licensure to perform the duties at the other school or at the grade level or program within the school.

     (4) A service employee reassigned under this subsection shall be the least senior of the surplus personnel who holds the same classification or multiclassification needed to perform the duties at the other school or at the grade level or program within the same school.

     (5) No school employee's annual contract term, compensation or benefits shall be changed as a result of a reassignment under this subsection.
WVC 18 A- 2 - 7 A §18A-2-7a. Statewide job bank.
The state board shall establish and maintain a statewide job bank to assist the recruitment and reemployment of experienced professional personnel whose employment with county boards has been terminated because of a reduction in force. The job bank shall consist of two parts for each county: (1) A list of the names, qualifications and contact information of all professional personnel who have been terminated because of a reduction in force, except personnel who have requested in writing that they not be listed in the job bank; and (2) a list of professional positions for which the county is seeking applicants. The job bank shall be accessible electronically to each county and to individuals on a read only basis, except that each county shall have the capability of editing information for the county and shall be responsible for maintaining current information on the county lists.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 8 §18A-2-8. Suspension and dismissal of school personnel by board; appeal.
(a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, a board may suspend or dismiss any person in its employment at any time for: Immorality, incompetency, cruelty, insubordination, intemperance, willful neglect of duty, unsatisfactory performance, the conviction of a felony or a guilty plea or a plea of nolo contendere to a felony charge.

(b) A charge of unsatisfactory performance shall not be made except as the result of an employee performance evaluation pursuant to section twelve of this article. The charges shall be stated in writing served upon the employee within two days of presentation of the charges to the board.

(c) The affected employee shall be given an opportunity, within five days of receiving the written notice, to request, in writing, a level three hearing and appeals pursuant to the provisions of article two, chapter six-c of this code, except that dismissal for the conviction of a felony or guilty plea or plea of nolo contendere to a felony charge is not by itself a grounds for a grievance proceeding. An employee charged with the commission of a felony may be reassigned to duties which do not involve direct interaction with pupils pending final disposition of the charges.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 8 A §18A-2-8a. Notice to probationary personnel of rehiring or nonrehiring; hearing.

     The superintendent at a meeting of the board on or before April 15 of each year shall provide in writing to the board a list of all probationary teachers that he or she recommends to be rehired for the next ensuing school year. The board shall act upon the superintendent's recommendations at that meeting in accordance with section one of this article. The board at this same meeting shall also act upon the retention of other probationary employees as provided in sections two and five of this article. Any such probationary teacher or other probationary employee who is not rehired by the board at that meeting shall be notified in writing, by certified mail, return receipt requested, to such persons' last known addresses within ten days following said board meeting, of their not having been rehired or not having been recommended for rehiring.

     Any probationary teacher who receives notice that he or she has not been recommended for rehiring or other probationary employee who has not been reemployed may within ten days after receiving the written notice request a statement of the reasons for not having been rehired and may request a hearing before the board. The hearing shall be held at the next regularly scheduled board of education meeting or a special meeting of the board called within thirty days of the request for hearing. At the hearing, the reasons for the nonrehiring must be shown.
WVC 18 A- 2 - 9 §18A-2-9. Duties and responsibilities of school principals; assistant principals.

Upon the recommendation of the county superintendent of schools, the county board of education shall employ and assign, through written contract, public school principals who shall supervise the management and the operation of the school or schools to which they are assigned. Such principals shall hold valid administrative certificates appropriate for their assignments.

Beginning on the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-four, the prerequisites for issuance of an administrative certificate for principals shall include that the person has successfully completed at least six credit hours of approved course work in public school management techniques at an accredited institution of higher education and has successfully completed education and training in evaluation skills through the center for professional development, or equivalent education and training in evaluation skills approved by the state board.

Under the supervision of the superintendent and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the county board of education, the principal shall assume administrative and instructional supervisory responsibility for the planning, management, operation and evaluation of the total educational program of the school or schools to which he is assigned.

The principal may submit recommendations to the superintendent regarding the appointment, assignment, promotion, transfer and dismissal of all personnel assigned to the school or schools under said principal's control. Such recommendation shall be submitted in writing as prescribed by the superintendent.

The principal shall perform such other duties as may be assigned by the superintendent pursuant to the rules and regulations of the county board of education.

Upon recommendation of the county superintendent of schools, the county board of education shall, when needed, employ and assign, through written contract, assistant principals who shall work under the direction of the school principal. Such assistant principals shall hold valid administrative certificates appropriate for their assignments.

On or before the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-nine and continuing thereafter, each county board of education shall assign a certificated principal to each school and no principal may be assigned more than two schools: Provided, That where enrollment exceeds four hundred students there will be no additional schools assigned to that principal.

No principal assigned to more than one school may be assigned any teaching duties except on a temporary emergency basis. No county shall have more teaching principalships or multi-school principalships than was present on the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred eighty-eight.

On or before the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-three and continuing thereafter, each county board of education shall employ a full-time supervising principal at each school whose net enrollment equals or exceeds one hundred seventy students. A principal assigned to a school with a net enrollment equal to or greater than one hundred seventy students may not be assigned any teaching duties except on a temporary emergency basis. When a principal is assigned on a full-time basis to a school whose net enrollment is more than seventy-five students but less than one hundred seventy students, such principal shall have a minimum of twenty hours per week for nonteaching duties. A principal assigned on a full-time basis to a school with seventy-five students or less shall have a minimum of ten hours per week for nonteaching duties: Provided, That nothing in this section prohibits a county board of education from assigning a full-time supervising principal to a school with a net enrollment of less than one hundred seventy students.

Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to reduce or limit the rights and privileges of principals and assistant principals as teachers under the provisions of section one, article one, chapter eighteen of the code of West Virginia as amended;section one, article one, chapter eighteen-a; and other provisions of this code: Provided, That on or before the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-three, the state board of education shall not deny a county board of education the right to place a principal in a school with less than one hundred seventy students.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 10 §18A-2-10. Physical examinations as condition of employment.
In case a medical or physical examination of any school board employee or qualified applicant who becomes an employee of the board for any school position is required by a board of education or by any administrator, department or agency of government which has authority to require such examination, the cost shall be paid in full by the employer.

It shall be unlawful for any board of education to require any employee or applicant who becomes an employee of the board to pay the cost of any medical or physical examination as a condition of employment.

The provisions of this section shall be effective from the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred seventy-five.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 11 §18A-2-11. Employee's right to attorney's fees and costs.
If an employee shall appeal to a circuit court an adverse decision of either a county board of education or of a hearing examiner rendered in a grievance or other proceeding pursuant to provisions of chapters eighteen and eighteen-a of this code and such person shall substantially prevail, the adverse party or parties shall be liable to such employee, upon final judgment or order, for court costs, and for reasonable attorney's fees, to be set by the court, for representing such employee in all administrative hearings and before the circuit court and the supreme court of appeals, and shall be further liable to such employee for any court reporter's costs incurred during any such administrative hearings or court proceedings: Provided, That in no event shall such attorney's fees be awarded in excess of a total of one thousand dollars for the administrative hearings and circuit court proceedings nor an additional one thousand dollars for supreme court proceedings: Provided, however, That the requirements of this section shall not be construed to limit the school employee's right to recover reasonable attorney's fees in a mandamus proceeding brought under section eight, article four, chapter eighteen-a of this code.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 12 §18A-2-12. Performance evaluations of school personnel; professional personnel evaluation process.

     (a) The state board shall adopt a written system for the evaluation of the employment performance of personnel, which system shall be applied uniformly by county boards in the evaluation of the employment performance of personnel employed by the board.

     (b) The system adopted by the state board for evaluating the employment performance of professional personnel shall be in accordance with the provisions of this section.

     (c) For purposes of this section, "professional personnel", "professional" or "professionals", means professional personnel as defined in section one, article one of this chapter but does not include classroom teachers, principals and assistant principals subject to the evaluation processes established pursuant to the provisions of section two, article three-c of this chapter when the school at which these professional personnel are employed is selected to participate in those evaluation processes as part of the multi-step implementation leading to full statewide implementation by school year 2013-2014.

     (d) In developing the professional personnel performance evaluation system, and amendments thereto, the state board shall consult with the Center for Professional Development created in article three-a of this chapter. The center shall participate actively with the state board in developing written standards for evaluation which clearly specify satisfactory performance and the criteria to be used to determine whether the performance of each professional meets those standards.

     (e) The performance evaluation system shall contain, but not be limited to, the following information:

     (1) The professional personnel positions to be evaluated, whether they be teachers, substitute teachers, administrators, principals or others;

     (2) The frequency and duration of the evaluations, which shall be on a regular basis and of such frequency and duration as to insure the collection of a sufficient amount of data from which reliable conclusions and findings may be drawn. For school personnel with five or more years of experience who have not received an unsatisfactory rating, evaluations shall be conducted no more than once every three years unless the principal determines an evaluation for a particular school employee is needed more frequently. Until the school or school system at which they are employed is subject to the provisions of article three-c of this chapter, for classroom teachers with five or more years of experience who have not received an unsatisfactory rating, an evaluation shall be conducted or professional growth and development plan required only when the principal determines it is necessary for a particular classroom teacher or when a classroom teacher exercises the option of being evaluated at more frequent intervals;

     (3) The evaluation shall serve the following purposes:

     (A) Serve as a basis for the improvement of the performance of the personnel in their assigned duties;

     (B) Provide an indicator of satisfactory performance for individual professionals;

     (C) Serve as documentation for a dismissal on the grounds of unsatisfactory performance; and

     (D) Serve as a basis for programs to increase the professional growth and development of professional personnel;

     (4) The standards for satisfactory performance for professional personnel and the criteria to be used to determine whether the performance of each professional meets those standards and other criteria for evaluation for each professional position evaluated. Professional personnel, as appropriate, shall demonstrate competency in the knowledge and implementation of the technology standards adopted by the state board. If a professional fails to demonstrate competency in the knowledge and implementation of these standards, he or she will be subject to an improvement plan to correct the deficiencies; and

     (5) Provisions for a written improvement plan, which shall be specific as to what improvements, if any, are needed in the performance of the professional and shall clearly set forth recommendations for improvements, including recommendations for additional education and training during the professional's recertification process.

     (f) A professional whose performance is considered to be unsatisfactory shall be given notice of deficiencies. A remediation plan to correct deficiencies shall be developed by the employing county board and the professional. The professional shall be given a reasonable period of time for remediation of the deficiencies and shall receive a statement of the resources and assistance available for the purposes of correcting the deficiencies.

     (g) No person may evaluate professional personnel for the purposes of this section unless the person has an administrative certificate issued by the state superintendent and has successfully completed education and training in evaluation skills through the center for professional development, or equivalent education training approved by the state board, which will enable the person to make fair, professional, and credible evaluations of the personnel whom the person is responsible for evaluating. After July 1, 1994, no person may be issued an administrative certificate or have an administrative certificate renewed unless the state board determines that the person has successfully completed education and training in evaluation skills through the center for professional development or equivalent education and training approved by the state board.

     (h) Any professional whose performance evaluation includes a written improvement plan shall be given an opportunity to improve his or her performance through the implementation of the plan. If the next performance evaluation shows that the professional is now performing satisfactorily, no further action may be taken concerning the original performance evaluation. If the evaluation shows that the professional is still not performing satisfactorily, the evaluator either shall make additional recommendations for improvement or may recommend the dismissal of the professional in accordance with the provisions of section eight of this article.

     (i) Lesson plans are intended to serve as a daily guide for teachers and substitutes for the orderly presentation of the curriculum. Lesson plans may not be used as a substitute for observations by an administrator in the performance evaluation process. A classroom teacher, as defined in section one, article one of this chapter, may not be required to post his or her lesson plans on the Internet or otherwise make them available to students and parents or to include in his or her lesson plans any of the following:

     (1) Teach and reteach strategies;

     (2) Write to learn activities;

     (3) Cultural diversity;

     (4) Color coding; or

     (5) Any other similar items which are not required to serve as a guide to the teacher or substitute for daily instruction; and

     (j) The Legislature finds that classroom teachers must be free of unnecessary paper work so that they can focus their time on instruction. Therefore, classroom teachers may not be required to keep records or logs of routine contacts with parents or guardians.

     (k) Nothing in this section may be construed to prohibit classroom teachers from voluntarily posting material on the Internet. Nothing in article three-c of this chapter may be construed to negate the provisions of subsections (i) and (j) of this section.
WVC 18 A- 2 - 12 A §18A-2-12a. Statement of policy and practice for the county boards and school personnel to minimize possible disagreement and misunderstanding.
(a) The Legislature makes the following findings:

(1) The effective and efficient operation of the public schools depends upon the development of harmonious and cooperative relationships between county boards and school personnel;

(2) Each group has a fundamental role to perform in the educational program and each has certain separate, distinct and clearly defined areas of responsibility as provided in chapters eighteen and eighteen-a of this code; and

(3) There are instances, particularly involving questions of wages, salaries and conditions of work, that are subject to disagreement and misunderstanding between county boards and school personnel and may not be so clearly set forth.

(b) The purpose of this section is to establish a statement of policy and practice for the county boards and school personnel, as follows, in order to minimize possible disagreement and misunderstanding:

(1) County boards, subject to the provisions of this chapter, chapter eighteen of this code and the policies and rules of the state board, are responsible for the management of the schools within their respective counties. The powers and responsibilities of county boards in setting policy and in providing management are broad, but not absolute;

(2) The school personnel shares the responsibility for putting into effect the policies and practices approved by the county board that employs them and the school personnel also have certain rights and responsibilities as provided in statute, and in their contracts;

(3) School personnel are entitled to meet together, form associations and work in concert to improve their circumstances and the circumstances of the schools;

(4) County boards and school personnel can most effectively discharge their total responsibilities to the public and to each other by establishing clear and open lines of communication. School personnel should be encouraged to make suggestions, proposals and recommendations through appropriate channels to the county board. Decisions of the county board concerning the suggestions, proposals and recommendations should be communicated to the school personnel clearly and openly;

(5) Official meetings of county boards are public meetings. School personnel are free to attend the meetings without fear of reprisal and should be encouraged to attend;

(6) All school personnel are entitled to know how well they are fulfilling their responsibilities and should be offered the opportunity of open and honest evaluations of their performance on a regular basis and in accordance with the provisions of section twelve of this article. All school personnel are entitled to opportunities to improve their job performance prior to the termination or transfer of their services. Decisions concerning the promotion, demotion, transfer or termination of employment of school personnel, other than those for lack of need or governed by specific statutory provisions unrelated to performance, should be based upon the evaluations, and not upon factors extraneous thereto. All school personnel are entitled to due process in matters affecting their employment, transfer, demotion or promotion; and

(7) All official and enforceable personnel policies of a county board must be written and made available to its employees.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 13 §18A-2-13. Recommended guidelines for full-day and half-day cooks.
The following guidelines are optional guidelines that county boards may use when scheduling full-day and half-day cooks:

Number ofNumber ofAverage Number of

MealsCooksMeals Served Per

Cook's Hours Worked

1-90112.00

91-1351.512.00

136-180212.00

181-2252.512.00

226-270312.00

271-3153.512.00

316-360412.00

361-4054.512.00

406-450512.00

451-4955.512.00

496-540612.00

541-5856.512.00

586-630712.00

631-6757.512.00

676-720812.00

721-7658.512.00

766-810912.00

811-8559.512.00

856-9001012.00

A meal prepared for a school lunch shall be established as a whole meal. Other meals shall be equal to three fourths of a school lunch meal.


WVC 18 A- 2 - 14 §18A-2-14. Mileage reimbursement for school personnel.
A county board shall reimburse any school personnel for each mile traveled when the employee is required to use a personal motor vehicle in the course of employment. The county board shall reimburse at the same rate for all employees in that county. The rate of reimbursement shall be at least the lesser of, and not more than the greater of, the federal standard mileage rate and the rate authorized by the travel management rule of the Department of Administration.


WVC 18 A- 3 - ARTICLE 3. TRAINING, CERTIFICATION, LICENSING, PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 1 §18A-3-1. Teacher preparation programs; program approval and standards; authority to issue teaching certificates.

              (a) The education of professional educators in the state is under the general direction and control of the state board after consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Arts and the Chancellor for Higher Education who shall represent the interests of educator preparation programs within the institutions of higher education in this state as defined in section two, article one, chapter eighteen-b of this code.

              The education of professional educators in the state includes all programs leading to certification to teach or serve in the public schools. The programs include the following:

              (1) Programs in all institutions of higher education, including student teaching and teacher-in-residence programs as provided in this section;

              (2) Beginning teacher internship and induction programs;

              (3) Granting West Virginia certification to persons who received their preparation to teach outside the boundaries of this state, except as provided in subsection (b) of this section;

              (4) Alternative preparation programs in this state leading to certification, including programs established pursuant to the provisions of section one-a of this article and programs which are in effect on the effective date of this section; and

              (5) Continuing professional education, professional development and in-service training programs for professional educators employed in the public schools in the state.

              (b) After consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Arts and the Chancellor for Higher Education, the state board shall adopt standards for the education of professional educators in the state and for awarding certificates valid in the public schools of this state. The standards include, but are not limited to the following:

              (1) A provision for the study of multicultural education. As used in this section, multicultural education means the study of the pluralistic nature of American society including its values, institutions, organizations, groups, status positions and social roles;

              (2) A provision for the study of classroom management techniques, including methods of effective management of disruptive behavior including societal factors and their impact on student behavior; and

              (3) A teacher from another state shall be awarded a teaching certificate for a comparable grade level and subject area valid in the public schools of this state, subject to section ten of this article, if he or she has met the following requirements:

              (A) Holds a valid teaching certificate or a certificate of eligibility issued by another state;

              (B) Has graduated from an educator preparation program at a regionally accredited institution of higher education;

              (C) Possesses the minimum of a bachelor's degree; and

              (D) Meets all of the requirements of the state for full certification except employment.

              (c) The state board may enter into an agreement with county boards for the use of the public schools in order to give prospective teachers the teaching experience needed to demonstrate competence as a prerequisite to certification to teach in the West Virginia public schools.

              (d) An agreement established pursuant to subsection (c) of this section shall recognize student teaching as a joint responsibility of the educator preparation institution and the cooperating public schools. The agreement shall include the following items:

              (1) The minimum qualifications for the employment of public school teachers selected as supervising teachers, including the requirement that field-based and clinical experiences be supervised by a teacher fully certified in the state in which that teacher is supervising;

              (2) The remuneration to be paid to public school teachers by the state board, in addition to their contractual salaries, for supervising student teachers;

              (3) Minimum standards to guarantee the adequacy of the facilities and program of the public school selected for student teaching;

              (4) Assurance that the student teacher, under the direction and supervision of the supervising teacher, shall exercise the authority of a substitute teacher; and

              (5) A provision requiring any higher education institution with an educator preparation program to document that the student teacher's field-based and clinical experiences include participation and instruction with multicultural, at-risk and exceptional children at each programmatic level for which the student teacher seeks certification;

              (6) A provision authorizing a school or school district that has implemented a comprehensive beginning teacher induction program, to enter into an agreement that provides for the training and supervision of student teachers consistent with the educational objectives of this subsection by using an alternate structure implemented for the support, supervision and mentoring of beginning teachers. The agreement is in lieu of any specific provisions of this subsection and is subject to the approval of the state board.

              (e) Teacher-in-residence programs. --

              (1) In lieu of the provisions of subsections (c) and (d) of this section and subject to approval of the state board, an institution of higher education with a program for the education of professional educators in the state approved by the state board may enter into an agreement with county boards for the use of teacher- in-residence programs in the public schools.

              (2) A "teacher-in-residence program" means an intensively supervised and mentored residency program for prospective teachers during their senior year that refines their professional practice skills and helps them gain the teaching experience needed to demonstrate competence as a prerequisite to certification to teach in the West Virginia public schools.

              (3) The authorization for the higher education institution and the county board to implement a teacher-in-residence program is subject to state board approval. The provisions of the agreement include, but are not limited to, the following items:

              (A) A requirement that the prospective teacher in a teacher-in-residence program shall have completed the content area preparation courses and shall have passed the appropriate basic skills and subject matter test or tests required by the state board for teachers to become certified in the area for which licensure is sought;

              (B) A requirement that the teacher-in-residence serve only in a teaching position in the county which has been posted and for which no other teacher fully certified for the position has been employed;

              (C) Specifics regarding the program of instruction for the teacher-in-residence setting forth the responsibilities for supervision and mentoring by the higher education institution's educator preparation program, the school principal, and peer teachers and mentors, and the responsibilities for the formal instruction or professional development necessary for the teacher- in-residence to perfect his or her professional practice skills. The program also may include other instructional items as considered appropriate.

              (D) A requirement that the teacher-in-residence hold a teacher-in-residence permit qualifying the individual to teach in his or her assigned position as the teacher of record;

              (E) A requirement that the salary and benefit costs for the position to which the teacher-in-residence is assigned shall be used only for program support and to pay a stipend to the teacher- in-residence as specified in the agreement, subject to the following:

              (i) The teacher-in-residence is a student enrolled in the teacher preparation program of the institution of higher education and is not a regularly employed employee of the county board;

              (ii) The teacher in residence is included on the certified list of employees of the county eligible for state aid funding the same as an employee of the county at the appropriate level based on their permit and level of experience;

              (iii) All state-aid-funding due to the county board for the teacher-in-residence shall be used only in accordance with the agreement with the institution of higher education for support of the program as provided in the agreement, including costs associated with instruction and supervision as set forth in paragraph (C) of this subdivision;

              (iv) The teacher-in-residence is provided the same liability insurance coverage as other employees; and

              (v) All state aid funding due to the county for the teacher- in-residence and not required for support of the program shall be paid as a stipend to the teacher-in-residence: Provided, That the stipend paid to the teacher-in-residence shall be no less than sixty-five percent of all state aid funding due the county for the teacher-in-residence.

              (4) Other provisions that may be required by the state board.

              (f) In lieu of the student teaching experience in a public school setting required by this section, an institution of higher education may provide an alternate student teaching experience in a nonpublic school setting if the institution of higher education meets the following criteria:

              (1) Complies with the provisions of this section;

              (2) Has a state board approved educator preparation program; and

              (3) Enters into an agreement pursuant to subdivisions (g) and (h) of this section.

              (g) At the discretion of the higher education institution, an agreement for an alternate student teaching experience between an institution of higher education and a nonpublic school shall require one of the following:

              (1) The student teacher shall complete at least one half of the clinical experience in a public school; or

              (2) The educator preparation program shall include a requirement that any student performing student teaching in a nonpublic school shall complete the following:

              (A) At least two hundred clock hours of field-based training in a public school; and

              (B) A course, which is a component of the institution's state board approved educator preparation program, that provides information to prospective teachers equivalent to the teaching experience needed to demonstrate competence as a prerequisite to certification to teach in the public schools in West Virginia. The course also shall include instruction on at least the following elements:

              (i) State board policy and provisions of this code governing public education;

              (ii) Requirements for federal and state accountability, including the mandatory reporting of child abuse;

              (iii) Federal and state mandated curriculum and assessment requirements, including multicultural education, safe schools and student code of conduct;

              (iv) Federal and state regulations for the instruction of exceptional students as defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. §1400 et seq.; and

              (v) Varied approaches for effective instruction for students who are at-risk.

              (h) In addition to the requirements set forth in subsection (g) of this section, an agreement for an alternate student teaching experience between an institution of higher education and a nonpublic school shall include the following:

              (1) A requirement that the higher education institution with an educator preparation program shall document that the student teacher's field-based and clinical experiences include participation and instruction with multicultural, at-risk and exceptional children at each programmatic level for which the student teacher seeks certification; and

              (2) The minimum qualifications for the employment of school teachers selected as supervising teachers, including the requirement that field-based and clinical experiences be supervised by a teacher fully certified in the state in which that teacher is supervising.

              (i) The state superintendent may issue certificates as provided in section two-a of this article to graduates of educator preparation programs and alternative educator preparation programs approved by the state board. The certificates are issued in accordance with this section and rules adopted by the state board after consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Arts and the Chancellor for Higher Education.

              (1) A certificate to teach may be granted only to a person who meets the following criteria:

              (A) Is a citizen of the United States, except as provided in subdivision (2) of this subsection;

              (B) Is of good moral character;

              (C) Is physically, mentally and emotionally qualified to perform the duties of a teacher; and

              (D) Is at least eighteen years of age on or before October 1, of the year in which his or her certificate is issued.

              (2) A permit to teach in the public schools of this state may be granted to a person who is an exchange teacher from a foreign country or an alien person who meets the requirements to teach.

              (j) In consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Arts and the Chancellor for Higher Education, institutions of higher education approved for educator preparation may cooperate with each other, with the center for professional development and with one or more county boards to organize and operate centers to provide selected phases of the educator preparation program. The phases include, but are not limited to the following:

              (1) Student teaching and teacher-in-residence programs;

              (2) Beginning teacher internship and induction programs;

              (3) Instruction in methodology; and

              (4) Seminar programs for college students, teachers with provisional certification, professional support team members and supervising teachers.

              By mutual agreement, the institutions of higher education, the center for professional development and county boards may budget and expend funds to operate the centers through payments to the appropriate fiscal office of the participating institutions, the center for professional development and the county boards.

              (k) The provisions of this section do not require discontinuation of an existing student teacher training center or school which meets the standards of the state board.

              (l) All institutions of higher education approved for educator preparation in the 1962-63 school year continue to hold that distinction so long as they meet the minimum standards for educator preparation. Nothing in this section infringes upon the rights granted to any institution by charter given according to law previous to the adoption of this code.

              (m) Definitions. -- For the purposes of this section, the following words have the meanings ascribed to them unless the context clearly indicates a different meaning:

              (1) "Nonpublic school" means a private school, parochial school, church school, school operated by a religious order or other nonpublic school that elects to meet the following conditions:

              (A) Comply with the provisions of article twenty-eight, chapter eighteen of this code;

              (B) Participate on a voluntary basis in a state operated or state sponsored program provided to this type school pursuant to this section; and

              (C) Comply with the provisions of this section;

              (2) "At-risk" means a student who has the potential for academic failure, including, but not limited to, the risk of dropping out of school, involvement in delinquent activity or poverty as indicated by free or reduced lunch status; and

              (3) Exceptional child" or "exceptional children" has the meaning ascribed to these terms pursuant to section one, article twenty, chapter eighteen of this code, but, as used in this section, the terms do not include gifted students.
WVC 18 A- 3 - 1 A §18A-3-1a. Alternative programs for the education of teachers; legislative rules required.

     (a) Definitions. -- For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the meaning ascribed to them, unless the context in which a term is used clearly requires a different meaning:

     (1) "Alternative program teacher certificate" means a certificate issued for one year to a candidate who does not meet the standard educational requirements for teacher certification;

     (2) "Approved education provider" means a partnership between one or more schools, school districts or regional educational service agencies and an institution of higher education in this state with a regionally accredited program for the education of professional educators approved by the state board or an entity affiliated with such an institution's approved program, that has submitted to the state board a plan and agreement between the organizations for the delivery of an alternative program in accordance with this section, and the state board has approved the plan and agreement; and

     (3) "Area of critical need and shortage" means an opening in an established, existing or newly-created position which has been posted at least two times in accordance with section seven-a, article four of this chapter and for which no fully-qualified applicant has been employed.

     (b) Establishment of alternative teacher education programs. -- After consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Arts and the Chancellor of the Higher Education Policy Commission, the state board shall promulgate a legislative rule or rules in accordance with article three-b, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to implement the provisions of this section. The proposed rule or rules shall be submitted to the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability for review prior to adoption. The rule or rules shall include, but are not limited to, the following issues:

     (1) Separate procedures for the approval and operation of each of the alternative teacher education programs as provided in this section:

     (A) These programs are an alternative to the regular college or university programs for the education of teachers and may only be offered by approved education providers; and

     (B) Each program is separate from other programs established by this section;

     (2) Procedures for approving an approved education provider as defined in this section. Approval is required prior to implementation the provider's program leading to certification to teach in the public schools of this state;

     (3) An alternative program teacher may not be employed in a school, school district or regional educational service agency unless the school, school district or regional educational service agency is a part of a partnership that qualifies as an approved education provider as defined in subsection (a) of this section;

     (4) Provisions for setting tuition charges to offset program costs;

     (5) The recommendation to rehire an alternative education program teacher, is subject to satisfactory progress in the applicable alternative education program by the holder of the alternative program certificate; and

     (6) When making decisions affecting the hiring of a teacher authorized to teach under an alternative program certificate as provided in this section, a county board shall give preference to applicants who hold a valid West Virginia professional teaching certificate.

     (c) Alternative teacher education program. --

     (1) To participate in an approved alternative teacher education program, the candidate must hold an alternative program teacher certificate issued by the state superintendent and endorsed for the instructional field in which the candidate seeks certification.

     (2) The certificate may be renewed twice and no individual may hold an alternative program teacher certificate for a period exceeding three years. The alternative program teacher certificate is equivalent to a professional teaching certificate for the purpose of issuing a continuing contract.

     (3) To be eligible for an alternative program teacher certificate, an applicant shall meet the following criteria:

     (A) Possess at least a bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited institution of higher education in a discipline taught in the public schools.

     (B) Pass the same basic skills and subject matter test or tests required by the state board for traditional program candidates to become certified in the area for which licensure is being sought;

     (C) Hold United States citizenship; be of good moral character and be physically, mentally and emotionally qualified to perform the duties of a teacher;

     (D) Attain the age of eighteen years on or before October 1 of the year in which the alternative program teacher certificate is issued;

     (E) Receive a formal offer of employment in an area of critical need and shortage from a county superintendent;

     (F) Qualify for employment following a criminal history check pursuant to section ten of this article;

     (G) In the case of an applicant pursuing certification to teach American Sign Language, in lieu of paragraphs (A) and (B) of this subdivision, the applicant shall possess at least a bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited institution of higher education and pass an appropriate state board approved test or tests demonstrating the applicant's proficiency in American Sign Language; and

     (H) In the case of applicants who have at least four years of experience in the subject field and are pursuing certification to teach in selected vocational and technical areas, in lieu of paragraphs (A) and (B) of this subdivision, the applicant shall pass an appropriate state board approved test or tests demonstrating the applicant's proficiency in the basic skills and occupational content areas.

     (4) A person who satisfies the requirements set forth in subdivision (3) of this subsection shall be granted a formal document authorizing him or her to work in a public school in West Virginia.

     (5) An approved alternative program provides essential knowledge and skills to alternative program teachers through the following phases of training:

     (A) Instruction. -- The alternative preparation program shall provide a minimum of eighteen semester hours of instruction in the areas of student assessment; development and learning; curriculum; classroom management; the use of educational computers and other technology; and special education and diversity. All programs shall contain a minimum of three semester hours of instruction in special education and diversity out of the minimum eighteen required semester hours. Subject to the approval of the state board, an approved education provider may provide instruction equivalent to the eighteen semester hours required by this paragraph through nontraditional methods, including, but not limited to, methods such as a series of modules covering the various topics, electronically delivered instruction, summer sessions, professional development and job-embedded mentoring.

     (B) Phase I. -- Phase I consists of a period of intensive, on-the-job supervision by an assigned mentor and the school administrator for a period of not fewer than two weeks. The assigned mentor shall meet the requirements for a beginning teacher internship mentor set forth in section two-b of this article and shall be paid the stipend authorized pursuant to that section. The state board shall provide, in its rule for the approval and operation of this program, requirements for the frequency and duration of time periods for the person holding an alternative certificate to observe in the classroom of the mentor. The person holding an alternative certificate shall be observed daily by the mentor or the school administrator during this phase. This phase includes an orientation to the policies, organization and curriculum of the employing district. The alternative program teacher shall receive formal instruction in those areas listed in paragraph (A) of this subdivision.

     (C) Phase II. -- Phase II consists of a period of intensive, on-the-job supervision beginning the first day following the completion of Phase I and continuing for a period of at least ten weeks. During Phase II, the alternative program teacher is visited and critiqued at least one time per week by members of a professional support team, as defined in subdivision (6) of this subsection, and is observed by the appropriately certified members of the team at the end of five weeks and again at five-week intervals until the completion of this phase. At the completion of this phase, the alternative program teacher shall receive a formal evaluation by the principal. The alternative program teacher shall continue to receive formal instruction in those areas listed in paragraph (A), of this subdivision.

     (D) Phase III. -- Phase III consists of an additional period of continued supervision and evaluation of no fewer than twenty weeks duration. The professional support team determines the requirements of this phase, but those requirements shall include at least one formal evaluation conducted at the completion of the phase by the principal. The alternative program teacher shall continue to receive formal instruction in those areas listed in paragraph (A) of this subdivision, and shall be given opportunities to observe the teaching of experienced colleagues.

     (6) Professional support team. --

     (A) Training and supervision of alternative program teachers are provided by a professional support team comprised of a school principal, or his or her designee, an experienced classroom teacher who satisfies the requirements for mentor for the Beginning Educator Internship pursuant to section two-b of this article, a representative of the institution of higher education that is a part of the partnership that qualifies as an approved education provider as defined in subsection (a) of this section or an entity affiliated with that institution, and a curriculum supervisor or other central office administrator with certification and training relevant to the training and supervision of the alternative program candidate.

     (B) Districts or schools which have been unable to establish a relationship with a college or university shall provide for comparable expertise on the team.

     (C) The school principal, or his or her designee, serves as chairperson of the team.

     (D) The duration of each of the three phases of the program specified in paragraphs (B), (C) and (D), subdivision (5) of this subsection, in excess of the minimum durations provided in those paragraphs, shall be determined by the professional support team within guidelines provided by the state board in its rule for the approval and operation of this program.

     (E) In addition to other duties assigned to it under this section and section one-b of this article, the approved education provider shall submit a written evaluation of the alternative program teacher to the county superintendent. The written evaluation shall be in a form specified by the county superintendent and submitted on a date specified by the county superintendent that is prior to the first Monday of May. The evaluation shall report the progress of the alternative program teacher toward meeting the academic and performance requirements of the program.

     (F) The training for professional support team members may be coordinated and provided by the Center for Professional Development in coordination with the approved education provider as set forth in the plan approved by the state board pursuant to subdivision (8) of this subsection.

     (7) In lieu of and as an alternative to the professional support team specified in subdivision (6) of this subsection and its specific duties throughout the program phases as set forth in subdivision (5) of this section, a school or school district that has implemented a comprehensive beginning teacher induction program may, subject to the approval of the state board, provide for the training and supervision of alternative program teachers using a structure consistent with the structure implemented for the support, supervision and mentoring of beginning teachers: Provided, That all final decisions on the progress of the alternative program teacher and recommendations upon program completion shall rest with the principal.

     (8) An approved education provider seeking approval for an alternative certification program shall submit a plan to the state board.

     (A) No alternative certification program may be implemented prior to receiving state board approval.

     (B) Each plan shall describe how the proposed training program will accomplish the key elements of an alternative program for the education of teachers as set forth in this section.

     (d) Alternative highly qualified special education teacher education program. --

     (1) These programs are separate from the programs established under the other provisions of this section and are applicable only to teachers who have at least a bachelor's degree in a program for the preparation of teachers from a regionally accredited institution of higher education.

     (2) These programs are subject to the other provisions of this section only to the extent specifically provided in the rule.

     (3) These programs may be an alternative to the regular college and university programs for the education of special education teachers and also may address the content area preparation of certified special education teachers.

     (4) The programs shall incorporate professional development to the maximum extent possible to help teachers who are currently certified in special education to obtain the required content area preparation.

     (5) Participation in an alternative education program pursuant to this subsection may not affect any rights, privileges or benefits to which the participant otherwise would be entitled as a regular employee and may not alter any rights, privileges or benefits of participants on continuing contract status.

     (e) Additional alternative education program to prepare highly qualified special education teachers. --

     (1) These programs are separate from the programs established under the other provisions of this section and are applicable only to persons who hold a bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited institution of higher education.

     (2) These programs are subject to the other provisions of this section only to the extent specifically provided in the rule.

     (3) These programs may be an alternative to the regular college and university programs for the education of special education teachers and also may address the content area preparation of these persons.
WVC 18 A- 3 - 1 B §18A-3-1b. Recommendation for certification of alternative program teachers.

     At the conclusion of an alternative teacher education program, the approved education provider shall prepare a comprehensive evaluation report on the alternative program teacher's performance. This report shall be submitted directly to the State Superintendent of Schools and shall contain a recommendation as to whether or not a professional certificate should be issued to the alternative program teacher. The report shall be made on standard forms developed by the State Superintendent.

     The comprehensive evaluation report shall include one of the following recommendations:

     (1) Approved: Recommends issuance of a professional certificate;

     (2) Insufficient: Recommends that a professional certificate not be issued but that the candidate be allowed to seek reentry on one or more occasions in the future into an approved alternative teacher education program; or

     (3) Disapproved: Recommends that a professional certificate not be issued and that the candidate not be allowed to enter into another approved alternative teacher education program in this state, but shall not be prohibited from pursuing teacher certification through other approved programs for the education of teachers in this state.

     The approved education provider shall provide the alternative program teacher with a copy of the alternative program teacher's written evaluation report and certification recommendation before submitting it to the state superintendent. If the alternative program teacher disagrees with the provider's recommendation, the alternative program teacher may, within fifteen days of receipt, request an appeal in accordance with the certification appeals process established by the State Board of Education.
WVC 18 A- 3 - 1 C §18A-3-1c. Study of training, certification and licensing; report to legislative oversight commission on education accountability at December, 2001, interim meetings; collaboration on sources of funding for education and training for reduction in force; teacher to gain additional certification in areas of critical need and shortage.
(a) The Legislature finds that the training, certification and licensing of professional educators is not well coordinated with the employment laws of the state particularly with respect to the middle school grade levels. The Legislature further finds that the statutes place responsibility for the training, certification and licensing of professional educators with the state board of education after consultation with the secretary of education and the arts. Therefore, the Legislature hereby directs the state board and the secretary of education and the arts to undertake a study of the policies, programs and statutes relating to the training, certification and licensing of professional educators and to report their findings, conclusions and recommendations along with any necessary legislation for improving the coordination of the programs, policies and statutes with the needs of the public schools of this state to the legislative oversight commission on education accountability at its December, two thousand one, interim meeting. The study and recommendations shall also include an analysis of the cost and availability of certified teachers, along with recommended solutions, for any new courses required by state board policy to be offered in the public schools.

(b) The Legislature finds that there is a need to address areas of critical need and shortage for professional educators and that an expeditious approach for doing so is through the upgrading of the education and training of fully certified teachers who because of declining enrollment can no longer be employed in their area of certification and licensure. Therefore, the state superintendent, the vice chancellor for administration, the chancellor of the higher education policy commission shall collaborate with the governor's workforce development office on other potential sources of funds to assist professional educators whose contract of employment with a county board of education were not renewed due to a reduction in force to gain additional certification in areas of critical need and shortage.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 1 D §18A-3-1d. Study of alternative certification programs.

          The state board shall conduct a study on alternative certification programs, including the effectiveness of the current methods of alternative certification, any improvements needed on current methods of alternative certification and potential additional methods of certification that would enhance the ability of the State of West Virginia to place effective teachers in areas of high need. "Areas of high need" means those subject areas, public schools or geographic areas of the state in which the state board determines that critical teacher shortages exist. The board shall report its findings and recommendations to the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability no later than December 31, 2013.
WVC 18 A- 3 - 2 §18A-3-2. Teacher certification; required; expiration;

qualifications; certification of aliens.

Any professional educator, as defined in article one of this chapter, who is employed within the public school system of the state shall hold a valid teaching certificate licensing him or her to teach in the specializations and grade levels as shown on the certificate for the period of his or her employment. If a teacher is employed in good faith on the anticipation that he or she is eligible for a certificate and it is later determined that the teacher was not eligible, the state superintendent of schools may authorize payment by the county board of education to the teacher for a time not exceeding three school months or the date of notification of his or her ineligibility, whichever shall occur first. All certificates shall expire on the thirtieth day of June of the last year of their validity irrespective of the date of issuance.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 2 A §18A-3-2a. Certificates valid in the public schools that may be issued by the state superintendent.

     In accordance with state board rules for the education of professional educators adopted pursuant to section one of this article and subject to the limitations and conditions of that section, the state superintendent may issue the following certificates valid in the public schools of the state:

     (a) Professional teaching certificates. --

     (1) A professional teaching certificate for teaching in the public schools may be issued to a person who meets the following conditions:

     (A) Holds at least a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution of higher education in this state, and

     (i) Has completed a program for the education of teachers which meets the requirements approved by the state board; or

     (ii) Has met equivalent standards at institutions in other states and has passed appropriate state board approved basic skills and subject matter tests or has completed three years of successful experience within the last seven years in the area for which licensure is being sought; or

     (B) Holds at least a bachelor's degree in a discipline taught in the public schools from an accredited institution of higher education, and

     (i) Has passed appropriate state board approved basic skills and subject matter tests; or

     (ii) Has completed three years of successful experience within the last seven years in the area for which licensure is being sought; and

     (I) Has completed an alternative program for teacher education approved by the state board,

     (II) Is recommended for a certificate in accordance with the provisions of sections one-a and one-b of this article relating to the program, or

     (III) Is recommended by the state superintendent based on documentation submitted.

     (2) The certificate shall be endorsed to indicate the grade level or levels or areas of specialization in which the person is certified to teach or to serve in the public schools.

     (3) The initial professional certificate is issued provisionally for a period of three years from the date of issuance:

     (A) The certificate may be converted to a professional certificate valid for five years subject to successful completion of a beginning teacher internship or induction program, if applicable; or

     (B) The certificate may be renewed subject to rules adopted by the state board.

     (b) Alternative program teacher certificate. -- An alternative program teacher certificate may be issued to a candidate who is enrolled in an alternative program for the education of teachers in accordance with the provisions of section one-a of this article.      (1) The certificate is valid only for the alternative program position in which the candidate is employed and is subject to enrollment in the program.

     (2) The certificate is valid for one year and may be renewed for each of the following two consecutive years only.

     (c) Professional administrative certificate. --

     (1) A professional administrative certificate, endorsed for serving in the public schools, with specific endorsement as a principal, vocational administrator, supervisor of instructions or superintendent, may be issued to a person who has completed requirements all to be approved by the state board as follows:

     (A) Holds at least a master's degree from an institution of higher education accredited to offer a master's degree; and

     (i) Has successfully completed an approved program for administrative certification developed by the state board in cooperation with the chancellor for higher education, and

     (ii) Has successfully completed education and training in evaluation skills through the center for professional development, or equivalent education and training in evaluation skills approved by the state board, and

     (iii) Possesses three years of management level experience.

     (2) Any person serving in the position of dean of students on June 4, 1992, is not required to hold a professional administrative certificate.

     (3) The initial professional administrative certificate is issued provisionally for a period of five years. This certificate may be converted to a professional administrative certificate valid for five years or renewed, subject to the regulations of the state board.

     (d) Paraprofessional certificate. -- A paraprofessional certificate may be issued to a person who meets the following conditions:

     (1) Has completed thirty-six semester hours of post-secondary education or its equivalent in subjects directly related to performance of the job, all approved by the state board; and

     (2) Demonstrates the proficiencies to perform duties as required of a paraprofessional as defined in section eight, article four of this chapter.

     (e) Other certificates; permits. --

     (1) Other certificates and permits may be issued, subject to the approval of the state board, to persons who do not qualify for the professional or paraprofessional certificate. (2) A certificate or permit may not be given permanent status and a person holding one of these credentials shall meet renewal requirements provided by law and by regulation, unless the state board declares certain of these certificates to be the equivalent of the professional certificate.

     (3) Within the category of other certificates and permits, the state superintendent may issue certificates for persons to serve in the public schools as athletic coaches or coaches of other extracurricular activities, whose duties may include the supervision of students, subject to the following limitations:

     (A) The person is employed under a contract with the county board of education.

     (i) The contract specifies the duties to be performed, specifies a rate of pay that is equivalent to the rate of pay for professional educators in the district who accept similar duties as extra duty assignments, and provides for liability insurance associated with the activity; and

     (ii) The person holding this certificate is not considered an employee of the board for salary and benefit purposes other than as specified in the contract.

     (B) A currently employed certified professional educator has not applied for the position; and

     (C) The person completes an orientation program designed and approved in accordance with state board rules.

     (f) Teacher-In-Residence Permit. --

     (1) A teacher-in-residence permit may be issued to a candidate who is enrolled in a teacher-in-residence program in accordance with an agreement between an institution of higher education and a county board. The agreement is developed pursuant to subsection (f), section one of this article and requires approval by the state board.

     (2) The permit is valid only for the teacher-in-residence program position in which the candidate is enrolled and is subject to enrollment in the program. The permit is valid for no more than one school year and may not be renewed.
WVC 18 A- 3 - 2 B §18A-3-2b.

     Repealed.

Acts, 2013 Reg. Sess., Ch. 56.
WVC 18 A- 3 - 2 C §18A-3-2c. Training through the principals academy.
(a) Principal training and professional development required. -- After the effective date of this section and subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, every principal shall complete training and professional development through the principals academy as provided in subsection (b) of this section.

(b) Principal training and professional development through the academy. -- The academy and the persons required to complete training and professional development through the academy shall adhere to the following guidelines:

(1) All persons assigned as a principal for the first time in a West Virginia school after the first day of July, two thousand two, shall complete specialized training and professional development for newly appointed principals through the academy within the first twelve months following assignment;

(2) All principals of schools which have been designated as seriously impaired, in accordance with section five, article two-e, chapter eighteen of this code, shall complete specialized training and professional development through the academy specifically designed to assist the principal to improve school performance commencing as soon as practicable following receipt of the designation;

(3) All principals who are subject to an improvement plan, in accordance with section twelve, article two of this chapter, shall complete specialized training and professional development through the academy specifically designed for principals subject to an improvement plan. The specialized training and professional development shall be completed within twelve months from the date that the principal is first subject to the improvement plan;

(4) All principals who transfer to a school with a significantly different grade configuration shall complete specialized training and professional development for principals in schools with the grade configuration to which they transferred through the academy within the first twelve months following transfer; and

(5) All persons serving as school principals shall complete training and professional development through the academy designed to build the qualities, proficiencies and skills required of all principals as determined by the state board.

(c) Academy and requirements to complete training and professional development subject to funding. -- The requirement that principals complete training and professional development through the academy shall be subject to the availability of funds for the principals academy from legislative appropriation and from other sources. If these funds are insufficient to provide for the total cost of the training and professional development required by subsection (b) of this section, then the academy shall provide training and professional development for the persons described in subdivisions (1) through (5), of subsection (b) according to the priority in which the subdivisions appear in that subsection. If such funds are insufficient to provide for the training and professional development of all the persons described in one or more of subdivisions (1) through (5), subsection (b) of this section, the academy is authorized to determine which persons described within the subdivision or subdivisions shall be admitted and which shall not be admitted: Provided, That the principals academy shall make every effort to ensure that all principals receive training and professional development through the academy at least once every six years effective the first day of July, two thousand two and thereafter: Provided, however, That nothing in this section shall be construed to require any specific level of funding by the Legislature.

(d) Principals standards advisory council. -- To assist the state board in the performance of the duties described in subsection (e) of this section, there is hereby created a "Principals Standards Advisory Council", which shall consist of nine persons, as follows: The executive director of the center for professional development, who shall serve as the ex officio chair; three principals, one from an elementary school and one from a middle school or a junior high school selected by the West Virginia association of elementary and middle school principals, and one from a high school selected by the West Virginia association of secondary school principals; one county school superintendent selected by the West Virginia association of school administrators; and two representatives from higher education who teach in principal preparation programs selected by the teacher education advisory council; and two citizen representatives who are knowledgeable on issues addressed in this section, appointed by the governor. Members of the principals standards advisory council who are public employees shall be granted release time from their employment for attending meetings of the council. Members may be reimbursed for reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred in the performance of their official duties by the center for professional development. The terms of all members appointed to the principals standards advisory council under the prior enactment of this section shall terminate on the thirty-first day of August, two thousand two. The principals standards advisory council as amended on the effective date of this section shall become effective on the first day of September, two thousand two.

(e) Establishment of standards. -- On or before the first day of October, one thousand nine hundred ninety-six, the state board shall approve and promulgate rules regarding the minimum qualities, proficiencies and skills that will be required of principals after the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety-seven. The state board shall promulgate and may from time to time amend such rules after consultation with the principals standards advisory council created in subsection (d) of this section. The rules promulgated by the state board shall address at least the following:

(1) Staff relations, including, but not limited to, the development and use of skills necessary to make a positive use of faculty senates, manage faculty and staff with courtesy and mutual respect, coach and motivate employees, and build consensus as a means of management;

(2) School community leadership qualities, including, but not limited to, the ability to organize and leverage community initiative, communicate effectively, work effectively with local school improvement councils, manage change, resolve conflict and reflect the highest personal values;

(3) Educational proficiencies, including, but not limited to, knowledge of curriculum, instructional techniques, student learning styles, student assessment criteria, school personnel performance, evaluation skills and family issues; and

(4) Administrative skills, including, but not limited to, organizational, fiscal, public policy and total quality management skills and techniques.

(f) Waivers. -- Any person desiring to be relieved of the requirements of all or any part of this section may apply in writing to the state board for a waiver. Upon a showing of reasonable cause why relief should be granted, the state board may grant a waiver, upon such terms and conditions as the state board shall determine proper, as to all or any part of this section.

(g) Failure to comply. -- Any person who fails or refuses to complete training and professional development through the academy, as required by the provisions of this section, and who fails to obtain a waiver, as described in subsection (f) of this section, shall be ineligible to be employed as, or serve in the capacity of, a principal.

(h) Tracking of requirement. -- On or before the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety-seven, the state board shall establish a system to track the progress of each person required to complete training through the academy and shall regularly advise such persons of their progress.

(i) Payment of reasonable and necessary expenses and stipends. -- The center for professional development shall reimburse persons attending the academy for reasonable and necessary expenses. A person may not be required to complete training and professional development through the principals academy before the fifteenth day of September and after the first day of June of the school year. The center for professional development shall utilize alternative methods of instructional delivery and scheduling, including electronic delivery, as considered appropriate to minimize the amount of time principals completing training and professional development through the academy are required to be away from their school duties. Nothing in this section shall be construed to require any specific level of funding by the Legislature.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 2 D §18A-3-2d. Beginning principal internships.

(a) Every person hired for the first time in a county school system as an assistant principal, principal or vocational administrator after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five, shall complete a one school year, beginning principal internship program under the provisions of this section. (b) The beginning principal internship program is a county school system based program intended to provide appropriate orientation activities and supervision to beginning assistant principals, principals or vocational administrators of this state. The beginning principal internship shall consist of the following components:

(1) An orientation program to be conducted prior to the beginning of the instructional term, but within the employment term, developed by the county school system: Provided, That if a beginning principal is hired during the instructional term the orientation program shall be conducted during the instructional term;

(2) The scheduling of no less than three regular meetings per semester during the school year between the mentor and beginning principal. Topics for each meeting may consist of, but are not limited to, the following: Evaluation of personnel, budgeting, scheduling, instructional leadership, discipline, public relations, conferencing skills or other topics determined by the mentor and intern;

(3) The provision of necessary release time from regular duties for the mentor as agreed to by the county superintendent and the beginning principal and a stipend of at least six hundred dollars for the mentor for duties as a mentor, to be paid by the state department of education; and

(4) Documentation of the beginning principal internship recorded on the evaluation form currently developed by the local county school district.

(c) Mentors are selected by the county superintendent and must have a minimum of five years of administrative experience as an assistant principal, principal or vocational administrator. Mentors must complete a staff development program approved by the West Virginia department of education prior to their employment as a mentor. The mentor must not be responsible for or a participant in any evaluation or supervision of the beginning principal intern.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 3 §18A-3-3. Renewal of certificates; permanent certification.
(a) Until the person qualifies for a permanent certificate, any professional or first class certificate based upon a bachelor's degree shall be renewable provided the holder within five years from the date the certificate became valid:

(1) Files application on a prescribed form with the State Department of Education;

(2) Presents an official transcript of six semester hours of approved credit as may be prescribed by the state board;

(3) Successfully completes a beginning teacher internship program, if applicable; and

(4) Submits a recommendation based on successful teaching experience from the county superintendent of schools of the county in which the holder last taught or resides.

(b) The holder of a professional certificate, valid for five years, shall have the certificate made permanent upon meeting any of the following requirements:

(1) Completion of the second renewal, in accordance with the provisions set forth in subsection (a) of this section; or

(2) After five years of service in the public schools, presentation of a transcript showing the completion of requirements for a master's degree from an institution of higher education accredited to offer the master's degree and in a program relevant to the public school program or completes the fifth year of training leading to a bachelor's degree in library science from a school fully approved by the American Library Association; or

(3) Receives certification through the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards.

(c) To satisfy any of the requirements of subsection (b) of this section, the person must file application on a prescribed form with the State Department of Education and must submit a recommendation from the county superintendent of schools of the county in which the person last taught or resides.

(d) All certificates and permits, other than the professional certificate, shall be renewed in accordance with state board regulations.

(e) If the applicant seeking renewal has cause to believe that the county superintendent refuses to give a recommendation without just cause, the applicant shall have the right, in such case, to appeal to the State Superintendent of Schools whose responsibility it shall be to investigate the matter and issue a certificate if, in the opinion of the state superintendent, the county superintendent's recommendation was withheld arbitrarily.

(f) A person who has reached the age of sixty and holds a renewable certificate, as provided in this section, need not present renewal credit but shall meet all other renewal requirements.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 3 A §18A-3-3a. Payment of tuition, registration and other fees for teachers; maximum payment per teacher.
(a) The West Virginia Department of Education shall promulgate rules to administer the reimbursement of tuition, registration and other required fees for coursework completed by teachers in accordance with the provisions of this section. The rules shall provide for reimbursement for courses completed toward both certification renewal and additional endorsement in a shortage area.

(b) As used in this section, the following words and phrases have the meanings ascribed to them:

(1) "Teacher" has the meaning provided in section one, article one, chapter eighteen of this code.

(2) "Shortage area" shall be defined by state board policy to indicate the subject areas for which an insufficient number of teachers are available.

(3) "Certification" and "certificate" mean a valid West Virginia:

(A) Professional teaching, service or administrative certificate, or its equivalent; or

(B) Provisional professional teaching, service or administrative certificate, or its equivalent.

(4) "Requirements for certification renewal" are those requirements of the State Department of Education as provided in section three of this article.

(5) "Requirements for additional endorsement" are those requirements of the State Department of Education as provided in section three of this article.

(6) "State institution of higher education" has the meaning provided in section two, article one, chapter eighteen-b of this code.

(c) To the extent of funds appropriated for the purposes specified in this section, payment shall be made to any teacher who:

(1) Holds either a valid West Virginia:

(A) Certificate; or

(B) First class permit for full-time employment; and

(2) Is seeking:

(A) An additional endorsement in a shortage area, and either resides in the state or is employed regularly for instructional purposes in a public school in the state; or

(B) Certification renewal, and has a continuing contract with a county board.

(d) The payment shall be made as reimbursement for the tuition, registration and other required fees for any course completed at:

(1) Any college or university within the state; or

(2) A college or university outside the state if prior approval is granted by the department.

(e) A course is eligible for reimbursement if it meets the requirements for:

(1) An additional endorsement in a shortage area; or

(2) Certification renewal.

(f) If funds appropriated for the purposes specified in this section are insufficient for the reimbursement of all eligible courses within the limits provided in this section, the West Virginia Department of Education shall make the reimbursements for courses for additional endorsement in a shortage area and certification renewal in a shortage area first.

(g) Payment made for any single fee may not exceed the amount of the highest corresponding fee charged at a state institution of higher education.

(h) Reimbursement for courses completed toward certification renewal is limited to fifteen semester hours of courses for any teacher. Reimbursement for courses completed toward additional endorsement in a shortage area is limited to fifteen semester hours of courses for any teacher.

(i) The West Virginia Department of Education shall seek funding from sources other than general revenue appropriation, including, but not limited to, workforce investment funds.

(j) No provision of this section may be construed to require any appropriation or any specific amount of appropriation for the purposes specified in this section, or to require the department to expend funds for those purposes from any other amounts appropriated for expenditure by the department.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 4 §18A-3-4. Validity of present certificates.
Nothing in this article shall be construed or interpreted in such way as to invalidate or in any manner change or shorten the validity period of certificates, including grade-level teaching rights, in force on the effective date of this act, nor the right to renew or make permanent such certificates.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 5 §18A-3-5. Validity of certificates held by members of armed forces.
A certificate held by a member of the armed forces of the United States shall have the period of validity extended to June thirtieth of the year following his or her separation from active duty or honorable discharge provided the certificate was valid at the time of entry into the armed forces.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 6 §18A-3-6. Grounds for revocation of certificates; recalling certificates for correction.
The state superintendent may, after ten days' notice and upon proper evidence, revoke the certificates of any teacher for any of the following causes: Intemperance; untruthfulness; cruelty; immorality; the conviction of a felony or a guilty plea or a plea of no contest to a felony charge; the conviction, guilty plea or plea of no contest to any charge involving sexual misconduct with a minor or a student; or for using fraudulent, unapproved or insufficient credit to obtain the certificates: Provided, That the certificates of a teacher may not be revoked for any matter for which the teacher was disciplined, less than dismissal, by the county board that employs the teacher, nor for which the teacher is meeting or has met an improvement plan determined by the county board, unless it can be proven by clear and convincing evidence that the teacher has committed one of the offenses listed in this subsection and his or her actions render him or her unfit to teach: Provided, however, That in order for any conduct of a teacher involving intemperance; cruelty; immorality; or using fraudulent, unapproved or insufficient credit to obtain the certificates to constitute grounds for the revocation of the certificates of the teacher, there must be a rational nexus between the conduct of the teacher and the performance of his or her job. The state superintendent may designate the West Virginia commission for professional teaching standards or members thereof to conduct hearings on revocations or certificate denials and make recommendations for action by the state superintendent.

It shall be the duty of any county superintendent who knows of any acts on the part of any teacher for which a certificate may be revoked in accordance with this section to report the same, together with all the facts and evidence, to the state superintendent for such action as in the state superintendent's judgment may be proper.

If a certificate has been granted through an error, oversight, or misinformation, the state superintendent has authority to recall the certificate and make such corrections as will conform to the requirements of law and the state board.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 7 §18A-3-7. Certificate fees.
The fee for the issuance or renewal of any certificate, if applicable, shall be established by the state board of education.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 8 §18A-3-8. County professional staff development councils.

The Legislature finds the professional expertise and insight of the classroom teacher to be an invaluable ingredient in the development and delivery of staff development programs which meet the needs of classroom teachers.

Therefore, a professional staff development council comprised of proportional representation from the major school levels and from vocational, special education and other specialties in proportion to their employment numbers in the county shall be established in each school district in the state in accordance with rules adopted by the state board of education. Nominations of instructional personnel to serve on the county staff development council may be submitted by the faculty senates of the district to the county superintendent who shall prepare and distribute ballots and tabulate the votes of the counties instructional personnel voting on the persons nominated. Each county staff development council shall consist of between nine and fifteen members at the discretion of the county superintendent based on the size of the county. The councils have final authority to propose staff development programs for their peers based upon rules established by statute and the council on professional education.

The county superintendent or a designee has an advisory, nonvoting role on the council. The county board shall make available an amount equal to one tenth of one percent of the amounts provided in accordance with section four, article nine-a,chapter eighteen of this code and credit the funds to an account to be used by the council to fulfill its objectives. The local board has final approval of all proposed disbursements.

Any funds credited to the council during a fiscal year, but not used by the council, shall be carried over in the council account for use in the next fiscal year. These funds are separate and apart from, and in addition to, those funds to be credited to the council pursuant to this section. At the end of each fiscal year, the council shall report to each faculty senate chairperson the amount of funds carried over into the next fiscal year.

The professional staff development project of the center for professional development shall assist in the development and delivery of staff development programs by the county staff development councils and shall coordinate staff development efforts statewide.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 9 §18A-3-9. County service personnel staff development councils.
(a) The Legislature finds the professional expertise and insight of service personnel to be an invaluable ingredient in the development and delivery of staff development programs which meet the needs of service personnel.

(b) Therefore, a service personnel staff development council comprised of representation from the various categories of service personnel employment shall be established in each school district in the state in accordance with rules adopted by the state board of education. Nominations of service personnel to serve on the county service personnel staff development council may be submitted by the six groups, as defined in subsection (e), section one, article one of this chapter, of the district to the county superintendent who shall prepare and distribute ballots and tabulate the votes of the counties service personnel voting on the persons nominated. Each county staff service personnel development council shall consist of two employees from each category of employment one of whom shall be elected as chairperson by the staff development council members. The councils have final authority to propose staff development programs for their peers based upon rules established by statute and the council on service personnel education. The county superintendent or a designee has an advisory, nonvoting role on the council. The county board shall make available an amount equal to one tenth of one percent of the amounts provided in accordance with section five, article nine-a, chapter eighteen of this code and credit the funds to an account to be used by the council to fulfill its objectives. The local board has the final approval of all proposed disbursements. Any funds credited to the council during a fiscal year, but not used by the council, shall be carried over in the council account for use in the next fiscal year. Any carried-over funds shall be separate and apart from, and in addition to, the funds to be credited to the council pursuant to this section.

(c) At the end of each fiscal year, the county board of education shall report to the staff development chairperson the total amount and balance of the staff development council account, the amount appropriated for the recent fiscal year, the amount of funds requested and used by the staff development council, and the amount of funds carried over into the next fiscal year. The county board of education shall further provide to the state superintendent of schools at the end of each fiscal year the names of the service personnel staff development council members, the name of the chairperson, the number of meetings the service personnel staff development council held to plan staff development programs and the number of hours service employees were provided during their employment terms to implement their staff development programs.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 10 §18A-3-10. Criminal history check of applicants for licensure by the state department of education.
Beginning the first day of January, two thousand two, any applicant for an initial license issued by the West Virginia department of education shall be fingerprinted by the West Virginia state police in accordance with state board policy in order to determine the applicant's suitability for licensure. The fingerprints shall be analyzed by the state police for a state criminal history record check through the central abuse registry and then forwarded to the federal bureau of investigation for a national criminal history record check. Information contained in either the central abuse registry record or the federal bureau of investigation record may form the basis for the denial of a certificate for just cause. The applicant for initial certification pays for the cost of obtaining the central abuse registry record and the federal bureau of investigation record.

Upon written consent to the state department by the applicant and within ninety days of the state fingerprint analysis, the results of a state analysis may be provided to a county board with which the applicant is applying for employment without further cost to the applicant.

Information maintained by the state department or a county board which was obtained for the purpose of this section is exempt from the disclosure provisions of chapter twenty-nine-b of this code. Nothing in this section prohibits disclosure or publication of information in a statistical or other form which does not identify the individuals involved or provide personal information.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 11 §18A-3-11. Fellowship for 21st Century Learners.
(a) The Legislature finds that:

(1) There are instances, especially for the purpose of professional development, where it would be beneficial for persons who are members of the Teachers' Retirement System or the Teachers' Defined Contribution System to be employed by state institutions of higher education or research corporations;

(2) Members of the Teachers' Retirement System are discouraged from terminating their membership to that system because their annuity is based on their final average salary and their total service credit;

(3) A member of the Teachers' Defined Contribution System may be discouraged from terminating his or her membership to that system because the member may be completely vested in that system or have made substantial progress toward being vested;

(4) These members also are discouraged from leaving employment that allows them to participate in the Public Employees Insurance Program pursuant to article sixteen, chapter five of this code; and

(5) An example of this beneficial arrangement would be the employment of a member of the Teachers' Retirement System or a member of the Teachers' Defined Contribution System by an entity that otherwise would not be considered an employer under article seven-a, chapter eighteen of this code or article seven-b, chapter eighteen of this code for the purpose of working on a joint professional development project between higher education and public education.

(b) For the purposes of this section only, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

(1) "Employer" means either the state institution of higher education or the research corporation employing a 21st Century Learner Fellow;

(2) "Research corporation" means a corporation meeting the description set forth in section three, article twelve, chapter eighteen-b of this code; and

(3) "State institution of higher education" means the same as defined in section two, article one, chapter eighteen-b of this code.

(c) The State Superintendent is authorized to designate up to twenty-five professional educators who are currently employed and who are members of either the Teachers' Retirement System set forth in article seven-a, chapter eighteen of this code or the Teachers' Defined Contribution System set forth in article seven-b, chapter eighteen of this code as 21st Century Learner Fellows, subject to the following:

(1) Before designating a person as a 21st Century Learner Fellow, the State Superintendent shall consult with the state institution of higher education or the research corporation that would employ the member if designated;

(2) In determining whether or not to designate a person as a 21st Century Learner Fellow, the State Superintendent shall give preference to a person who:

(A) Is certified by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards; and

(B) Demonstrates leadership within his or her content field in the county, regional education service agency area or the state;

(3) The duration of the person's designation as a 21st Century Learner Fellow shall be for the period in which the specific project to be undertaken by the person will last as determined by the State Superintendent at the time he or she designates the person; and

(4) Only the employer may terminate the employment of a person designated as a 21st Century Learner Fellow prior to the end of the duration of the person's designation as set forth in subsection (3) of this subsection.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of the code to the contrary, the professional educators designated as 21st Century Learner Fellows may elect to remain a member of the retirement system in which they were a member of immediately preceding their designation while they are employed by either a state institution of higher education or a research corporation, subject to the following:

(1) This authorization to remain a member of the retirement system in which they were a member of immediately preceding their designation only applies to authorization to remain a member of either the Teachers' Retirement System set forth in article seven-a, chapter eighteen of this code or to the Teachers' Defined Contribution System set forth in article seven-b, chapter eighteen of this code, but not both;

(2) Both the employer and the member each shall contribute their share as required by article seven-a, chapter eighteen of this code or article seven-b, chapter eighteen of this code, as applicable;

(3) If a 21st Century Learner Fellow elects to remain a member of either the Teachers' Retirement System set forth in article seven-a, chapter eighteen of this code or the Teachers' Defined Contribution System set forth in article seven-b, chapter eighteen of this code, he or she may not participate in any retirement plan offered by the employer; and

(4) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the employer does not assume any liability for benefits accrued by the 21st Century Learner Fellow while he or she was employed by any other entity.

(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of code to the contrary, each 21st Century Learner Fellow also qualifies as an employee for the purposes of being authorized to participate in the Public Employees Insurance Program pursuant to article sixteen, chapter five of this code and the state institution of higher education or the research corporation, as applicable, shall be considered an employer under that program, subject to the following:

(1) The state institution of higher education or the research corporation, as applicable, is not considered an employer with respect to any employee other than a 21st Century Learner Fellow;

(2) For any employee that elects to participate in the program pursuant to this subdivision, the employer shall pay their share of the premium and the employee shall pay his or her share of the premium pursuant to article sixteen, chapter five of this code; and

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the employer does not assume any liability for benefits accrued by the 21st Century Learner Fellow while he or she was employed by any other entity.

(f) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary:

(1) The employer is not responsible for any accrued annual leave, sick leave or both that a 21st Century Learner Fellow has accumulated during any prior employment; and

(2) If a 21st Century Learner Fellow has accumulated sick leave from prior employment, and if not for this subsection that sick leave obligation or any part of that obligation otherwise would have been transferred to the employer, after expending all sick leave accrued with the employer, the 21st Century Learner may expend the sick leave accumulated with the prior employer, and the prior employer is responsible for paying the cost of the sick leave expended by the 21st Century Learner Fellow at a rate equivalent to the salary and benefits paid to the 21st Century Learner Fellow at the time his or her employment with the prior employer ended.


WVC 18 A- 3 - 12 §18A-3-12. Technology integration specialists.

     The Legislature finds that technology integration specialists are becoming more crucial as technology plays a continuously increasing role in the education of students. In order to address the need for more technology integration specialists, the teacher preparation programs in this state shall cooperate with the state board to ensure that:

     (1) A portion of the technology integration hours required to apply for the Advanced Credential endorsed for Technology Integration Specialist is offered at each teacher preparation program while students are still working toward their teaching degree;

     (2) Teacher education program students are aware of the option of attaining a Technology Integration Specialist Advanced Credential and Temporary Authorization early enough so that they can take advantage of the hours offered; and

     (3) Alternative education programs are established by the teacher preparation programs to assist teachers who have already received their teaching certification attain the required hours necessary to earn a Technology Integration Specialist Advanced Credential. These alternative education programs are separate from programs required to be established by section one-a of this article.
WVC 18 A- 3 A- ARTICLE 3A. CENTER FOR PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT.


WVC 18 A- 3 A- 1 §18A-3A-1. Center for Professional Development; intent and mission; Principals Academy curriculum and expenses; authorization to charge fees.

     (a) Teaching is a profession that directly correlates to the social and economic well being of a society and its citizens. Superior teaching is essential to a well-educated and productive populace. Strong academic leadership provided by principals and administrators skilled in modern management principles is also essential. The intent of this article is to recognize the value of professional involvement by experienced educators, principals and administrators in building and maintaining a superior force of professional educators and to establish avenues for applying this involvement.

     (b) The general mission of the center is to advance the quality of teaching and management in the schools of West Virginia through: (1) The implementation primarily of statewide training, professional staff development, including professional staff development for at least teachers, principals and paraprofessionals and technical assistance programs and practices as recommended by the state board to assure the highest quality of teaching and management; and (2) the provision of technical and other assistance and support to regional and local education agencies in identifying and providing high-quality professional staff development, including professional staff development for at least teachers, principals and paraprofessionals, and training programs and implementing best practices to meet their locally identified needs. The center also may implement local programs if the state board, in its Master Plan for Professional Staff Development established pursuant to article two-i, chapter eighteen-a of this code, determines that there is a specific local need for the programs. Additionally, the center shall perform other duties assigned to it by law.

     Nothing in this article requires any specific level of funding by the Legislature.

     (c) The Center for Professional Development Board is reconstituted, and all terms of members elected or appointed prior to the effective date of this section are expired. The center board shall consist of thirteen persons as follows:

     (1) The Secretary of Education and the Arts, ex officio, and the state superintendent, ex officio, each of whom is:

     (A) Entitled to vote; and

     (B) A cochair of the board.

     (2) Two members of the state board, elected by the state board;

     (3) One person employed by West Virginia University and one person employed by Marshall University, both of whom are:

     (A) Appointed by the president of the employing institution;

     (B) Faculty in the teacher education section of the employing institution; and

     (C) Knowledgeable in matters relevant to the issues addressed by the center;

     (4) One regional education service agency executive director, elected by all of the regional education service agency executive directors;

     (5) Three experienced educators, of whom one is a working classroom teacher, one is a school principal and one is a county administrator. All such educators are:

     (A) Appointed by the Governor by and with the advice and consent of the Senate;

     (B) Experienced educators who have achieved recognition for their superior knowledge, ability and performance in teaching or management, as applicable; and

     (C) Knowledgeable in matters relevant to the issues addressed by the center; and

     (6) Three citizens of the state who are:

     (A) Knowledgeable in matters relevant to the issues addressed by the center, including, but not limited to, professional development and management principles; and

     (B) Appointed by the Governor by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

     (C) Not more than two such members may be residents within the same congressional district.

     (d) Each appointment and election is for a two-year term. Such members may serve no more than two consecutive two-year terms.

     (1) The state board shall elect another member to fill the unexpired term of any person who vacates state board membership.

     (2) The regional education service agency executive directors shall elect an executive director to fill the unexpired term of any executive director who ceases to be employed in that capacity.

     (3) Of the initial members appointed by the Governor, three are appointed for one-year terms and three are appointed for two-year terms. Each successive appointment by the Governor is for a two-year term. The Governor shall appoint a new member to fill the unexpired term of any vacancy in the appointed membership.

     (4) The President of West Virginia University and Marshall University each appoints an employee to fill the unexpired term of any member who ceases to be employed by that institution.

     (e) The Center for Professional Development Board shall meet at least quarterly and the appointed members shall be reimbursed for reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred in the performance of their official duties from funds appropriated or otherwise made available for those purposes upon submission of an itemized statement therefor.

     (f) The position of executive director is abolished. The Governor shall appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, a chief executive officer with knowledge and experience in professional development and management principles. Any reference in this code to the Executive Director of the Center for Professional Development means the Chief Executive Officer. From appropriations to the Center for Professional Development, the center board sets the salary of the chief executive officer. The center board, upon the recommendation of the chief executive officer, may employ other staff necessary to carry out the mission and duties of the center. The chief executive officer serves at the will and pleasure of the Governor. Annually, the center board shall evaluate the chief executive officer, and shall report the results to the Governor. The duties of the chief executive officer include:

     (1) Managing the daily operations of the center;

     (2) Ensuring the implementation of the center's mission;

     (3) Ensuring collaboration of the center with other professional development providers;

     (4) Requesting from the Governor and the Legislature any resources or statutory changes that would help in enhancing the collaboration of all professional development providers in the state, in advancing the quality of professional development through any other means or both;

     (5) Serving as the Chair of the Principals Standards Advisory Council created in section two-c, article three of this chapter and convening regular meetings of this council to effectuate its purposes; and

     (6) Other duties as assigned by the Governor or the center board.

     (g) When practicable, personnel employed by state higher education agencies and state, regional and county public education agencies shall be made available to the center to assist in the operation of projects of limited duration, subject to the provisions of section twenty-four, article two, chapter eighteen of this code.

     (h) The center shall assist in the delivery of programs and activities pursuant to this article to meet statewide, and if needed as determined by the goals and Master Plan for Professional Staff Development established by the state board pursuant to article two-i, chapter eighteen-a of this code, the local professional development needs of paraprofessionals, teachers, principals and administrators and may contract with existing agencies or agencies created after the effective date of this section or others to provide training programs in the most efficient manner. Existing programs currently based in agencies of the state shall be continued in the agency of their origin unless the center establishes a compelling need to transfer or cancel the existing program. The center shall recommend to the Governor the transfer of funds to the providing agency, if needed, to provide programs approved by the center.

     (i) The Center for Professional Development shall implement training and professional development programs for the Principals Academy based upon the minimum qualities, proficiencies and skills necessary for principals in accordance with the standards established by the state board pursuant to the terms of section two-c, article three of this chapter.

     (j) In accordance with section two-c, article three of this chapter, the center is responsible for paying reasonable and necessary expenses for persons attending the Principals Academy: Provided, That nothing in this section requires any specific level of funding by the Legislature.

     (k) Persons attending the professional development offerings of the center and other courses and services offered by the Center for Professional Development, except the Principals Academy shall be assessed fees which shall be less than the full cost of attendance. There is hereby created in the State Treasury a special revenue account known as the Center for Professional Development Fund. All moneys collected by the center shall be deposited in the fund for expenditure by the center board for the purposes specified in this section. Moneys remaining in the fund at the end of the fiscal year are subject to reappropriation by the Legislature.

     (l) The center board shall make collaboration with the state board in providing professional development services in the following areas a priority:

     (1) Services to those public schools selected by the state superintendent pursuant to section three-g, article two-e, chapter eighteen of this code; and

     (2) Services in any specific subject matter area that the state board, the Legislature or both, determine is justified due to a need to increase student achievement in that area.
WVC 18 A- 3 A- 2 §18A-3A-2. Professional development project.

     Subject to the provisions of article two-i, chapter eighteen-a of this code, through this project the Center for Professional Development shall:

     (1) Identify, coordinate, arrange and otherwise assist in the delivery of professional development programs and activities that help professional educators acquire the knowledge, skills, attitudes, practices and other such pertinent complements considered essential for an individual to demonstrate appropriate performance as a professional person in the public schools of West Virginia. The basis for the performance shall be the laws, policies and regulations adopted for the public schools of West Virginia, and amendments thereto. The center also may permit and encourage school personnel such as classroom aides, higher education teacher education faculty and higher education faculty in programs such as articulated tech prep associate degree and other programs to participate in appropriate professional development programs and activities with public school professional educators;

     (2) Identify, coordinate, arrange and otherwise assist in the delivery of professional development programs and activities that help principals and administrators acquire knowledge, skills, attitudes and practices in academic leadership and management principles for principals and administrators and such other pertinent complements considered essential for principals and administrators to demonstrate appropriate performance in the public schools of West Virginia. The basis for the performance shall be the laws, policies and regulations adopted for the public schools of West Virginia, and amendments thereto;

     (3) Serve in a coordinating capacity to assure that the knowledge, skills, attitude and other pertinent complements of appropriate professional performance which evolve over time in the public school environment are appropriately reflected in the programs approved for the education of professional personnel, including, but not limited to, advising the teacher education programs of major statutory and policy changes in the public schools which affect the job performance requirements of professional educators, including principals and administrators;

     (4) Provide for the routine updating of professional skills of professional educators, including principals and administrators, through in-service and other programs. The routine updating may be provided by the center through statewide or regional institutes which may require a registration fee;

     (5) Provide for the routine education of all professional educators, including principals and administrators, and those service personnel having direct contact with students on warning signs and resources to assist in suicide prevention under guidelines established by the state board. The education may be accomplished through self review of suicide prevention materials and resources approved by the state board. The provisions of this paragraph may be known and cited as the Jason Flatt Act of 2012;

     (6) Provide consultation and assistance to county staff development councils established under the provisions of section eight, article three of this chapter in planning, designing, coordinating, arranging for and delivering professional development programs to meet the needs of the professional educators of their district. From legislative appropriations to the center, exclusive of the amounts required for the expenses of the principals academy, the center shall, unless otherwise directed by the Legislature, provide assistance in the delivery of programs and activities to meet the expressed needs of the school districts for professional development to help teachers, principals and administrators demonstrate appropriate performance based on the laws, policies and regulations adopted for the public schools of West Virginia; and

     (7) Cooperate and coordinate with the institutions of higher education to provide professional staff development programs that satisfy some or all of the criteria necessary for currently certified professional educators to meet the requirements for an additional endorsement in an area of certification and for certification to teach in the middle school grades.

     If the center is not able to reach agreement with the representatives of the institutions providing teacher education programs on which courses will be approved for credit toward additional endorsements, the state board may certify certain professional staff development courses to meet criteria required by the state board. This certification shall be done on a course-by-course basis.
WVC 18 A- 3 A- 2 A §18A-3A-2a.

     Repealed.

Acts, 2013 Reg. Sess., Ch. 55.
WVC 18 A- 3 A- 2 B §18A-3A-2b. The Principals Academy.
(a) There is hereby established within the Center for Professional Development the "Principals Academy". Training through the Principals Academy shall include at least the following:

(1) Training designed to build within principals the minimum qualities, proficiencies and skills that will be required of all principals pursuant to the rules of the State Board;

(2) Specialized training and professional development programs for all principals; and

(3) Specialized training and professional development programs for the following principals:

(A) Newly appointed principals;

(B) Principals whose schools have been designated as seriously impaired, which programs shall commence as soon as practicable following the designation;

(C) Principals subject to improvement plans; and

(D) Principals of schools with significantly different grade level configurations.

(b) The Legislature finds that the quality of the principal of a school is one of the most important factors in determining the academic achievement of students and that well-trained, highly qualified principals should be a priority for the state.

(b) The Legislature further finds that while the Principals Academy has been effective in training quality leaders for the state's public schools, the training provided is such a significant factor in determining their success that a new position is needed to coordinate and focus primarily on the Principals Academy to increase further the quality of the training.

(c) Therefore, from appropriations to the Center for Professional Development, the Center Board shall employ and fix the compensation of the Coordinator of the Principals Academy. The Coordinator serves at the will and pleasure of the Center Board. It is the duty of the Coordinator, subject to direction and oversight by the Center and the Chief Executive Officer, to lead the Principals Academy, to focus primarily on the Principals Academy and to make a continuous effort to enhance further the quality of the training and professional development programs of the Academy. The Center Board, the Chief Executive Officer, or both, may assign duties to the coordinator other than those that relate to the Principals Academy so long as the Coordinator is able to focus primarily on the Principals Academy.


WVC 18 A- 3 A- 3 §18A-3A-3. Professional personnel evaluation project.

     Subject to the provisions of article two-i, chapter eighteen-a of this code, through this project the center shall:

     (1) Establish programs that provide education and training in evaluation skills to administrative personnel who will evaluate the employment performance of professional personnel pursuant to the provisions of section twelve, article two of this chapter; and

     (2) Establish programs that provide instruction to classroom teachers who will serve as beginning teacher mentors in accordance with the provisions of section two-b, article three of this chapter.
WVC 18 A- 3 A- 4 §18A-3A-4.
Repealed.

Acts, 2010 Reg. Sess., Ch. 32.
WVC 18 A- 3 A- 5 §18A-3A-5. West Virginia advanced placement center.

There is established a West Virginia advanced placement center to provide statewide coordination for the continued growth and development of the advanced placement programs in West Virginia high schools. The center will assist the West Virginia department of education, county boards of education, institutions of higher education, the college board, inc., and the West Virginia advanced placement advisory council in all matters relative to the advanced placement in this state.

The specific functions of the center include:

(1) Coordinating advanced placement teacher training institutes;

(2) Establishing a cadre of instructors for the advanced placement teacher training institutes;

(3) Providing follow-up teacher training for advanced placement teachers;

(4) Identifying and obtaining external sources of funding;

(5) Networking advanced placement teachers through an advanced placement newsletter;

(6) Serving as a liaison for the college board and the West Virginia department of education, county boards of education, institutions of higher education, the West Virginia advanced placement advisory council, the Legislature and the governor;

(7) Conducting research and evaluating the state's advanced placement program;

(8) Assisting county boards of education and local schools in establishing, evaluating and maintaining advanced placement programs;

(9) Serving as a clearinghouse for advanced placement materials and correspondence; and

(10) Certify individual courses that meet the established standards of advanced placement programs.


WVC 18 A- 3 A- 6 §18A-3A-6.

     Repealed.

Acts, 2013 Reg. Sess., Ch. 55.
WVC 18 A- 3 B- ARTICLE 3B. EDUCATORS' PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS BOARD.


WVC 18 A- 3 B- 1 §18A-3B-1. Establishment of educators' professional standards board.

The Legislature hereby finds and declares that in order to more fully provide for a thorough and efficient system of free schools within the state it is necessary to establish an educators' professional standards board. The board will be responsible for governing the education profession, including the establishment of standards for entering the education profession, and remaining a member of the education profession. The board shall also establish standards for institutions of higher education engaged in teacher preparation programs.


WVC 18 A- 3 B- 2 §18A-3B-2. Educators' professional standards board; composition; appointment; terms of members.

(a) There is created an educators' professional standards board consisting of nine members appointed by the governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate.

(b) The term of office for each member is three years except that the original term of three members, including not more than one teacher, shall be for one year, and the original term of three members, including not more than two teachers, shall be for two years.

(c) Any member who, through change of employment standing or other circumstances, no longer meets the criteria for the position to which the member was appointed shall no longer be eligible to serve in that position, and the position on the commission shall become vacant sixty days following the member's change in circumstances.

(d) The membership of the educators' professional standards board shall consist of: One classroom teacher currently employed by a county board of education teaching vocational education; one classroom teacher currently employed by a county board of education teaching in an elementary school; one classroom teacher currently employed by a county board of education teaching in a middle school; one classroom teacher currently employed by a county board of education teaching in a secondary school; one classroom teacher currently employed by a county board of education teaching special education; the state superintendent of schools or his or her designee; one elementary school or secondary school principal currently employed by a county board of education; one county superintendent of schools currently employed by a county board of education; and one administrator or faculty member representing a public college or university in West Virginia.

No more than five members of the board may belong to the same political party nor reside in the same congressional district. Members of the board must have been actively engaged in teaching, supervising or administering in the public schools or in approved teacher education institutions in West Virginia for the period of five years immediately preceding appointment. In addition, members appointed to represent classroom teachers under this section must hold valid West Virginia teaching certificates other than permits.

(e) A member of the board shall receive no compensation for his or her services as a member, but subject to any other applicable law regulating travel and other expenses for state officer, he or she shall receive his or her actual and necessary travel and other expenses incurred in the performance of his or her official duties: Provided, That any member who is an employee of a county board of education shall be released by his or her employer to attend board meetings without loss of salary or personal leave.


WVC 18 A- 3 B- 3 §18A-3B-3. Powers and duties.

Prior to the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five, the professional standards board shall develop a plan and propose legislation which will expand the powers and duties of the professional standards board to include the following: (1) Establish and maintain standards and requirements for obtaining and maintaining a license for teaching; (2) issue, renew, suspend, and revoke teaching licenses; (3) hear appeals regarding application, renewal, suspension or revocation of licenses; (4) enter into reciprocity agreements to provide for licensing of applicants from other states or nations; (5) set standards, approve, and evaluate teacher preparation programs; (6) adopt standards for examinations and assessments to assure eligibility for licenses to enter the profession of teaching; (7) create other actions that relate to the improvement of instruction through teacher education and professional development and to attract qualified candidates for teacher training from among the citizens of West Virginia; and (8) perform other actions that relate to the improvement of instruction through teacher education and professional development and to attract qualified candidates for teacher training from among the citizens of West Virginia.

On or before the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five, the board shall submit copies of the proposed legislation to the governor, president of the Senate, speaker of the House of Delegates and the legislative oversight commission on education accountability.


ARTICLE 03C - IMPROVING TEACHING AND LEARNING ARTICLE 3C. IMPROVING TEACHING AND LEARNING.
WVC 18 A- 3 C- 1 §18A-3C-1. Findings; purposes and definition.

     (a) The Legislature makes the following findings:

     (1) Processes set forth in this article for evaluation, teacher induction and professional growth is not intended to make up for substandard initial preparation of teachers, but instead is intended to build on a solid foundation created by the teacher preparation programs. Therefore, the Legislature expects the teacher preparation programs to graduate teachers who can perform at a level that increases student achievement. The Legislature expects that the processes set forth in this article will allow a teacher to excel beyond that level in the classroom;

     (2) The comprehensive system of support provided for in this article should be implemented in a way that, as compared with the beginning teacher internship system, much more effectively provides for the professional growth of teachers;

     (3) In order for the comprehensive system of support to much more effectively provide for professional growth for teachers, funding should be greatly increased over and above what has been provided for the beginning teacher internship system; and

     (4) Although the quality of the teacher in the classroom is extremely important to the academic achievement of students, students cannot learn if they are not in the classroom. Therefore, attending school on a regular basis is of utmost importance to the academic success of students.

     (b) The purpose of this article is to create a comprehensive infrastructure that routinely supports a continuous process for improving teaching and learning. Its focus is on developing strong teaching and school leadership, without which effective learning does not occur. The general components of this infrastructure include the following:

     (1) High-quality teacher preparation, induction and evaluation;

     (2) Universal support for emerging teachers including comprehensive new teacher induction and support for student teachers, teachers teaching in assignments for which they have less than a full professional credential and teacher candidates pursuing certification through an alternative route;

     (3) Evaluation of the performance of teachers and leaders in demonstrating high quality professional practice, leadership and collaboration and the resulting growth in student learning;

     (4) Focused improvement in teaching and learning through the use of evaluation data to inform the delivery of professional development and additional supports to improve teaching based on the evaluation results and to inform the need for improvements in teacher preparation programs; and

     (5) The creation of a leadership culture that seeks and builds powerful alliances among all stakeholders focused on continuous growth in student learning.

     (c) For purposes of this article "professional personnel" includes classroom teachers, assistant principals and principals as defined in section one, article one chapter eighteen-a of this code.
WVC 18 A- 3 C- 2 §18A-3C-2. Performance evaluations of professional personnel.

     (a) The intent of the Legislature is to allow for a multi-step statewide implementation of performance evaluations for professional personnel pursuant to this section consistent with sound educational practices and resources available resulting in full state-wide implementation by no later than the school year 2013-2014. Beginning with the schools included in the evaluation processes for professional personnel piloted by the Department of Education during the 2011-2012 school year, additional schools or school systems shall be subject to the provisions of this article in accordance with a plan established by the state board to achieve full statewide implementation by no later than the school year 2013-2014. For schools and school systems subject to the provisions of this article, the provisions of this article shall govern when they are in conflict with other provisions of this chapter and chapter eighteen of this code. Specifically, the provisions of this article govern for the performance evaluation of classroom teachers, principals and assistant principals employed in these schools and school systems. To the extent that this article conflicts with the provisions of section twelve, article two of this chapter relating to professional personnel performance evaluations, this article shall govern. The state board shall submit a report on its plan for the phased implementation of this article to the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability at the Commission's July interim meeting in each year of the phased implementation. The report shall include an update on the implementation of this article including, but not limited to the evaluation process and a list of the schools and school systems subject to the provisions of this article. To assist the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability in monitoring the implementation of this article, the state board shall report to the Commission upon its request throughout the implementation process, including but not limited to, reports on the results of surveys of teachers and principals on the implementation and use of the new evaluation system, the adequacy of the professional development given to employees on the purposes, instruments and procedures of the evaluation process, the time consumed by the evaluation process and the various tasks required for employees of different levels of experience, the aggregate results of the evaluations and any recommendations for changes in the process or other aspects of the duties of affected employees to improve the focus on the core mission of schools of teaching and learning.

     (b) Before July 1, 2013, the state board shall adopt a legislative rule in accordance with article three-b, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, for evaluating the performance of each professional person each year. The state board shall submit a draft of the proposed rule to the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability by February 15, 2013, and a final draft proposed rule prior to adoption. The rule shall provide for performance evaluations of professional personnel to be conducted in accordance with this section in each school and school system beginning with the 2013-14 school year.

     (c) (1) The process adopted by the state board for evaluating the performance of classroom teachers shall incorporate at least the following:

     (A) Alignment with the West Virginia professional teaching standards adopted by the state board that establish the foundation for educator preparation, teacher assessment and professional development throughout the state;

     (B) Employment of the professional teaching standards to provide explicit and extensive measures of the work of teaching and what teachers must know and be able to do and provide evaluative measures of educator performance;

     (C) The use of two pieces of evidence at two points in time over the instructional term to demonstrate student learning as an indicator of educator performance; and

     (D) The use of school's school-wide student learning growth as measured by the state-wide summative assessment as an evaluative measure of all educators employed in the school.

     (2) Eighty percent of the evaluation shall be based on an appraisal of the educator's ability to perform the critical standard elements of the professional teaching standards. The appraisal shall include conferences with the evaluator reinforced through observation. Fifteen percent of the evaluation shall be based on evidence of the learning of the students assigned to the educator in accordance with paragraph (C), subdivision (1) of this subsection, and five percent of the evaluation shall be based on student learning growth measured by the school-wide score on the state summative assessment in accordance with paragraph (D), subdivision (1) of this subsection.

     (d) (1) The process adopted by the state board for evaluating the performance of principals and assistant principals shall include at least the following:

     (A) Alignment with the West Virginia professional leadership standards adopted by the state board establishing the responsibility of principals for the collective success of their school including the learning, growth and achievement of students, staff and self;

     (B) Employment of the professional leadership standards to provide explicit and extensive measures of the work of school leadership focused on the continuous improvement of teaching and learning. The process shall include conferences and goal setting with the superintendent or his or her designee and the use of a survey of stakeholders to assist in identifying the needs and establishing the goals for the school and the principal. The survey shall be distributed to at least the following stakeholders: Students, parents, teachers and service personnel. The evaluative measures shall include the use of data, evidence and artifacts to confirm the principal's performance on achieving the goals established by the principal and superintendent;

     (C) The use of two pieces of evidence at two points in time over the instructional term to demonstrate the growth in student learning at the school; and

     (D) The use of the school's school-wide student learning growth as measured by the state-wide summative assessment as an evaluative measure of all educators employed in the school.

     (2) Eighty percent of the evaluation shall be based on an appraisal of the principal's or the assistant principal's ability to perform the critical standard elements of the professional leadership standards and achieve the goals established for the principal and the school. Fifteen percent of the evaluation shall be based on evidence of the learning of the students assigned to the school in accordance with paragraph (C), subdivision (1) of this subsection, and five percent of the evaluation shall be based on student learning growth measured by the school-wide score on the state summative assessment in accordance with paragraph (D), subdivision (1) of this subsection.

     (e) Evaluations of the performance of professional personnel shall serve the following purposes:

     (1) Serve as a basis for the improvement of the performance of the professional personnel in their assigned duties;

     (2) Serve as the basis for providing professional development specifically targeted on the area or areas identified through the evaluation process as needing improvement. If possible, this targeted professional development should be delivered at the school-site using collaborative processes, mentoring or coaching or other approaches that maximize use of the instructional setting;

     (3) Serve as the basis for establishing priorities for the provision of county-level professional development when aggregate evaluation data from the county's schools indicates an area or areas of needed improvement;

     (4) Serve as a basis for informing the teacher preparation programs in this state of an area or areas of needed improvement in the programs, or informing a specific program of needed improvement, when state-level aggregate evaluation data indicates that beginning teachers who have graduated from the program have specific weaknesses;

     (5) Provide an indicator of level of performance of the professional personnel;

     (6) Serve as a basis for programs to increase the professional growth and development of professional personnel; and

     (7) Serve as documentation for a dismissal on the grounds of unsatisfactory performance.

     (f) The rule adopted by the state board shall include standards for performance of professional personnel and the criteria to be used to determine whether their performance meets the standards. The rule also shall include guidance on best practices for providing time within the school day for teachers subject to performance evaluations under this section to participate in the collaborative mentoring or coaching and planning processes necessary for execution of the performance evaluation process and achieving advanced levels of performance.

     (g) The rule adopted by the state board shall include provisions for written improvement plans when necessary to improve the performance of the professional personnel. The written improvement plan shall be specific as to what improvements are needed in the performance of the professional personnel and shall clearly set forth recommendations for improvements including recommendations for additional education and training of professionals subject to recertification. Professional personnel whose performance evaluation includes a written improvement plan shall be given an opportunity to improve his or her performance through the implementation of the plan.

     (h) A professional person whose performance is considered to be unsatisfactory shall be given written notice of his of her deficiencies. A written improvement plan to correct these deficiencies shall be developed by the employing county board and the employee. The professional person shall be given a reasonable period of time, not exceeding twelve months, to accomplish the requirements of the improvement plan and shall receive a written statement of the resources and assistance available for the purposes of correcting the deficiencies. If the next performance evaluation shows that the professional is now performing satisfactorily, no further action may be taken concerning the original performance evaluation. If the evaluation shows that the professional is still not performing satisfactorily, the evaluator either shall make additional written recommendations for improvement or may recommend the dismissal of the professional personnel in accordance with the provisions of section eight, article two of this chapter.

     (i) No person may evaluate professional personnel for the purposes of this section unless the person has an administrative certificate issued by the state superintendent and has successfully completed education and training in evaluation skills through the center for professional development, or equivalent education training approved by the state board, which will enable the person to make fair, professional, and credible evaluations of the personnel whom the person is responsible for evaluating.

     (j) Prior to implementation of the evaluation process pursuant to this section at a school, each affected employee shall be given training to ensure that the employees have a full understanding of the purposes, instruments and procedures used in evaluating their performance. Thereafter, this training shall be held annually at the beginning of the employment term.
WVC 18 A- 3 C- 3 §18A-3C-3. Comprehensive system for teacher induction and professional growth.

     (a) The intent of the Legislature is to allow for a multistep statewide implementation of a comprehensive system of support for building professional practice of beginning teachers, specifically those on the initial and intermediate progressions, consistent with sound educational practices and resources available. In this regard, it is the intent of the Legislature that the transition of schools and school systems to a comprehensive system of support that includes support for improved professional performance targeted on deficiencies identified through the evaluation process will be implemented concurrent with the first year that a school or system receives final evaluation results from the performance evaluation process pursuant to section two of this article. Further, because of significant variability among the counties, not only in the size of their teaching force, distribution of facilities and available resources, but also because of their varying needs, the Legislature intends for the implementation of this section to be accomplished in a manner that provides adequate flexibility to the counties to design and implement a comprehensive system of support for improving professional performance that best achieves the goals of this section within the county. Finally, because of the critical importance of ensuring that all teachers perform at the accomplished level or higher in the delivery of instruction that at least meets the West Virginia professional teaching standards and because achieving this objective at a minimum entails providing assistance to address the needs as indicated by the data informed results of annual performance evaluations, including the self-assessed needs of the teachers themselves, the Legislature expects the highest priority for county, regional and state professional development will be on meeting these needs and that the transition to a comprehensive system of support for improving professional practice will reflect substantial redirection of existing professional development resources toward this highest priority.

     (b) On or before July 1, 2012, the state board shall publish guidelines on the design and implementation of a comprehensive system of support for improving professional practice. The purpose of the guidelines is to assist the county board with the design and implementation of a system that best achieves the goals of this section within the county. The guidelines may include examples of best practices and resources available to county boards to assist them with the design and implementation of a comprehensive system.

     (c) For schools and school systems subject to the provisions of this article, the provisions of this article govern when they are in conflict with section two-b, article three of this chapter relating to beginning teacher internships, or in conflict with other provisions of this chapter and chapter eighteen of this code.

     (d) Effective for the school year beginning July 1, 2013, and thereafter, a county board is not eligible to receive state funding appropriated for the purposes of this section or any other provision of law related to beginning teacher internships and mentor teachers unless it has adopted a plan for implementation of a comprehensive system of support for improving professional practice, the plan has been verified by the state board as meeting the requirements of this section and the county is implementing the plan. The plan shall address the following:

     (1) The manner in which the county will provide the strong school-based support and supervision that will assist beginning teachers in developing instructional and management strategies, procedural and policy expertise, and other professional practices they need to be successful in the classroom and perform at the accomplished level. Nothing in this subdivision prohibits a school or school system that was granted an exception or waiver from section two-c, article three of this chapter prior to the effective date of this section from continuing implementation of the program in accordance with the exception or waiver;

     (2) The manner in which the county in cooperation with the teacher preparation programs in this state will provide strong school-based support and assistance necessary to make student teaching a productive learning experience;

     (3) The manner in which the county will use the data from the educator performance evaluation system to serve as the basis for providing professional development specifically targeted on the area or areas identified through the evaluation process as needing improvement. If possible, this targeted professional development should be delivered at the school-site using collaborative processes, mentoring or coaching or other approaches that maximize use of the instructional setting;

     (4) The manner in which the county will use the data from the educator performance evaluation system to serve as the basis for establishing priorities for the provision of county-level professional development when aggregate evaluation data from the county's schools indicates an area or areas of needed improvement;

     (5) If a county uses master teachers, mentors, academic coaches or any other approaches using individual employees to provide support, supervision or other professional development or training to other employees for the purpose of improving their professional practice, the manner in which the county will select each of these individual employees based on demonstrated superior performance and competence as well as the manner in which the county will coordinate support for these employees: Provided, That the employment of persons for these positions shall adhere to the posting and other provisions of section seven-a, article four of this chapter utilizing subsection (c) of said section seven-a to judge the qualifications of the applicants. If the duties of the position are to provide mentoring to an individual teacher at only one school, then priority shall being given to applicants employed at the school at which those duties will be performed;

     (6) The manner in which the county will use local resources available including, but not limited to, funds for professional development and academic coaches, to focus on the priority professional development goals of this section;

     (7) The manner in which the county will adjust its scheduling, use of substitutes, collaborative planning time, calendar or other measures as may be necessary to provide sufficient time for professional personnel to accomplish the goals of this section as set forth in the county's plan; and

     (8) The manner in which the county will monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of implementation and outcomes of the county system of support for improving professional practice.

     (e) Effective the school year beginning July 1, 2013, and thereafter, appropriations for beginning teacher mentors and any new appropriation which may be made for the purposes of this section shall be expended by county boards only to accomplish the activities as set forth in their county plan pursuant to this section. Effective the school year beginning July 1, 2013, and thereafter, no specific level of compensation is guaranteed for any employee service or employment as a mentor and such service or employment is not subject to the provisions of this code governing extra duty contracts except as provided in subdivision (5), subsection (c) of this section.

     (f) The Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability shall review the progress of the implementation of this article and may make any recommendations it considers necessary to the Legislature during the 2013 regular legislative session.
WVC 18 A- 4 - ARTICLE 4. SALARIES, WAGES AND OTHER BENEFITS.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 1 §18A-4-1. Definitions.

For the purpose of this article, salaries shall be defined as: (a) "Basic salaries" which shall mean the salaries paid to teachers with zero years of experience and in accordance with the classification of certification and of training of said teachers; and (b) "advanced salaries" which shall mean the basic salary plus an experience increment based on the allowable years of experience of the respective teachers in accordance with the schedule established herein for the applicable classification of certification and of training of said teachers.

"Classification of certification" means the class or type of certificate issued by the state superintendent under the statutory provisions of this chapter. "Classification of training" means the number of collegiate or graduate hours necessary to meet the requirements stipulated in the definitions set forth in the next paragraph in items (2) to (11), inclusive.

The column heads of the state minimum salary schedule set forth in section two of this article are defined as follows:

(1) "Years of experience" means the number of years the teacher has been employed in the teaching profession, including active work in educational positions other than the public schools, and service in the armed forces of the United States if the teacher was under contract to teach at the time of induction. For a registered professional nurse employed by a county board, "years of experience" means the number of years the nurse has been employed as a public school health nurse, including active work in a nursing position related to education, and service in the armed forces if the nurse was under contract with the county board at the time of induction. For the purpose of section two of this article, the experience of a teacher or a nurse shall be limited to that allowed under their training classification as found in the minimum salary schedule.

(2) "Fourth class" means all certificates previously identified as: (a) "Certificates secured by examination"; and (b) "other first grade certificates".

(3) "Third class" means all certificates previously identified as: (a) "Standard normal certificates"; and (b) "third class temporary (sixty-four semester hours) certificates".

(4) "Second class" means all certificates previously identified as "second class temporary certificates based upon the required ninety-six hours of college work".

(5) "A.B." means a bachelor's degree, from an accredited institution of higher education, which has been issued to, or for which the requirements for such have been met by, a person who qualifies for or holds a professional certificate or its equivalent. A registered professional nurse with a bachelor's degree, who is licensed by the West Virginia board of examiners for registered professional nurses and employed by a county board, shall be within this classification for payment in accordance with sections two and two-a of this article.

(6) "A.B. plus 15" means a bachelor's degree as defined above plus fifteen hours of graduate work, from an accredited institution of higher education certified to do graduate work, in an approved planned program at the graduate level which requirements have been met by a person who qualifies for or holds a professional certificate or its equivalent.

(7) "M.A." means a master's degree, earned in an institution of higher education approved to do graduate work, which has been issued to, or the requirements for such have been met by, a person who qualifies for or holds a professional certificate or its equivalent.

(8) "M.A. plus 15" means the above-defined master's degree plus fifteen hours of graduate work, earned in an institution of higher education approved to do graduate work, if the person is qualified for or holds a professional certificate or its equivalent.

(9) "M.A. plus 30" means the above-defined master's degree plus thirty graduate hours, earned in an institution approved to do graduate work, if the person is qualified for or holds aprofessional certificate or its equivalent.

(10) "Doctorate" means a doctor's degree, earned from a university qualified and approved to confer such a degree, which has been issued to or the requirements for such have been met by a person who qualifies for or holds a professional certificate or its equivalent.

For purposes of advanced salary classification, graduate work completed after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-four, shall be related to the public school program, as prescribed by the state board.

Notwithstanding the requirements set forth in subdivisions (6), (8) and (9) of this section relating to hours of graduate work at an institution certified to do such work, fifteen undergraduate credit hours from a regionally accredited institution of higher education, earned after the effective date of this section, may be utilized for advanced salary classification if such hours are in accordance with: (a) The teacher's current classification of certification and of training; (b) a designated instructional shortage area documented by the employing county superintendent; or (c) an identified teaching deficiency documented through the state approved county personnel evaluation system.

Effective the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-four, the following definition shall be applicable.

(11) "M.A. plus 45" means the above-defined master's degree plus forty-five graduate hours, earned in an institution approved to do graduate work, if the person is qualified for or holds a professional certificate or its equivalent.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 1 A §18A-4-1a. Minimum salary for a registered professional nurse employed by the board, who has less than a bachelor's degree.
A registered professional nurse, licensed by the West Virginia Board of Examiners for Registered Professional Nurses and employed by a county board of education, who has less than a bachelor's degree, shall receive a salary not less than that provided in sections two [§18A-4-2] and two-a [§18A-4-2a, repealed] of this article and in accordance with the following:

(a) A registered professional nurse who has completed a two-year nursing program (sixty-four semester hours) shall be paid not less than the salary for a teacher whose classification of training is "third class" as defined in subparagraph (3), section one [§18A-4-1] of this article, such salary to include allowable years of experience, and

(b) A registered professional nurse who has completed a three-year nursing program (ninety-six hours) shall be paid not less than the salary for a teacher whose classification of training is "second class" as defined in subparagraph (4), section one [§18A-4-1] of this article, such salary to include allowable years of experience.

The salary provided under this section and the additional fixed charge payments required therefor shall be paid outside the public school support plan provided for in article nine-a [§§18-9A-1 et seq.], chapter eighteen of this code.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 2 §18A-4-2. State minimum salaries for teachers.

          (a) Beginning July 1, 2011, and continuing thereafter, each teacher shall receive the amount prescribed in the State Minimum Salary Schedule as set forth in this section, specific additional amounts prescribed in this section or article and any county supplement in effect in a county pursuant to section five-a of this article during the contract year.

STATE MINIMUM SALARY SCHEDULE
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Years 4th 3rd 2nd   A.B.   M.A. M.A. M.A. Doc-
Exp. Class Class Class A.B. +15 M.A. +15 +30 +45 torate
0 26,917 27,606 27,872 29,315 30,076 31,843 32,604 33,365 34,126 35,161
1 27,245 27,934 28,200 29,833 30,594 32,362 33,123 33,883 34,644 35,679
2 27,574 28,262 28,528 30,352 31,113 32,880 33,641 34,402 35,163 36,198
3 27,902 28,590 28,856 30,871 31,631 33,399 34,160 34,920 35,681 36,716
4 28,474 29,162 29,428 31,633 32,394 34,162 34,923 35,683 36,444 37,479
5 28,802 29,490 29,756 32,152 32,913 34,680 35,441 36,202 36,963 37,998
6 29,130 29,818 30,084 32,670 33,431 35,199 35,960 36,720 37,481 38,516
7 29,458 30,147 30,412 33,189 33,950 35,717 36,478 37,239 38,000 39,035
8 29,786 30,475 30,741 33,707 34,468 36,236 36,997 37,757 38,518 39,553
9 30,114 30,803 31,069 34,226 34,987 36,754 37,515 38,276 39,037 40,072
10 30,443 31,131 31,397 34,746 35,506 37,274 38,035 38,796 39,556 40,591
11 30,771 31,459 31,725 35,264 36,025 37,793 38,553 39,314 40,075 41,110
12 31,099 31,787 32,053 35,783 36,543 38,311 39,072 39,833 40,593 41,628
13 31,427 32,115 32,381 36,301 37,062 38,830 39,590 40,351 41,112 42,147
14 31,755 32,443 32,709 36,820 37,580 39,348 40,109 40,870 41,630 42,665
15 32,083 32,771 33,037 37,338 38,099 39,867 40,627 41,388 42,149 43,184
16 32,411 33,099 33,365 37,857 38,617 40,385 41,146 41,907 42,667 43,702
17 32,739 33,428 33,693 38,375 39,136 40,904 41,665 42,425 43,186 44,221
18 33,067 33,756 34,022 38,894 39,655 41,422 42,183 42,944 43,705 44,740
19 33,395 34,084 34,350 39,412 40,173 41,941 42,702 43,462 44,223 45,258
20 33,723 34,412 34,678 39,931 40,692 42,459 43,220 43,981 44,742 45,777
21 34,052 34,740 35,006 40,449 41,210 42,978 43,739 44,499 45,260 46,295
22 34,380 35,068 35,334 40,968 41,729 43,496 44,257 45,018 45,779 46,814
23 34,708 35,396 35,662 41,487 42,247 44,015 44,776 45,536 46,297 47,332
24 35,036 35,724 35,990 42,005 42,766 44,534 45,294 46,055 46,816 47,851
25 35,364 36,052 36,318 42,524 43,284 45,052 45,813 46,574 47,334 48,369
26 35,692 36,380 36,646 43,042 43,803 45,571 46,331 47,092 47,853 48,888
27 36,020 36,708 36,974 43,561 44,321 46,089 46,850 47,611 48,371 49,406
28 36,348 37,037 37,302 44,079 44,840 46,608 47,368 48,129 48,890 49,925
29 36,676 37,365 37,631 44,598 45,358 47,126 47,887 48,648 49,408 50,443
30 37,004 37,693 37,959 45,116 45,877 47,645 48,405 49,166 49,927 50,962
31 37,333 38,021 38,287 45,635 46,396 48,163 48,924 49,685 50,445 51,480
32 37,661 38,349 38,615 46,153 46,914 48,682 49,443 50,203 50,964 51,999
33 37,989 38,677 38,943 46,672 47,433 49,200 49,961 50,722 51,483 52,518
34 38,317 39,005 39,271 47,190 47,951 49,719 50,480 51,240 52,001 53,036
35 38,645 39,333 39,599 47,709 48,470 50,237 50,998 51,759 52,520 53,555
          (b) $600 shall be paid annually to each classroom teacher who has at least twenty years of teaching experience. The payments: (i) Shall be in addition to any amounts prescribed in the applicable state minimum salary schedule; (ii) shall be paid in equal monthly installments; and (iii) shall be considered a part of the state minimum salaries for teachers.

          (c) To meet the objective of salary equity among the counties as set forth in section five of this article, each teacher shall be paid an equity supplement amount as applicable for his or her classification of certification or classification of training and years of experience as follows, subject to the provisions of that section:

          (1) For "4th Class" at zero years of experience, $1,781. An additional $38 shall be paid for each year of experience up to and including thirty-five years of experience;

          (2) For "3rd Class" at zero years of experience, $1,796. An additional $67 shall be paid for each year of experience up to and including thirty-five years of experience;

          (3) For "2nd Class" at zero years of experience, $1,877. An additional $69 shall be paid for each year of experience up to and including thirty-five years of experience;

          (4) For "A. B." at zero years of experience, $2,360. An additional $69 shall be paid for each year of experience up to and including thirty-five years of experience;

          (5) For "A. B. + 15" at zero years of experience, $2,452. An additional $69 shall be paid for each year of experience up to and including thirty-five years of experience;

          (6) For "M. A." at zero years of experience, $2,644. An additional $69 shall be paid for each year of experience up to and including thirty-five years of experience;

          (7) For "M. A. + 15" at zero years of experience, $2,740. An additional $69 shall be paid for each year of experience up to and including thirty-five years of experience;

          (8) For "M. A. + 30" at zero years of experience, $2,836. An additional $69 shall be paid for each year of experience up to and including thirty-five years of experience;

          (9) For "M. A. + 45" at zero years of experience, $2,836. An additional $69 shall be paid for each year of experience up to and including thirty-five years of experience; and

          (10) For "Doctorate" at zero years of experience, $2,927. An additional $69 shall be paid for each year of experience up to and including thirty-five years of experience.

          These payments: (I) Shall be in addition to any amounts prescribed in the applicable State Minimum Salary Schedule, any specific additional amounts prescribed in this section and article and any county supplement in effect in a county pursuant to section five-a of this article; (ii) shall be paid in equal monthly installments; and (iii) shall be considered a part of the state minimum salaries for teachers.
WVC 18 A- 4 - 2 A §18A-4-2a. State minimum salary bonus for classroom teachers with national board certification.

     (a) The Legislature finds and declares that the rigorous standards and processes for certification by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) helps to promote the quality of teaching and learning. Therefore, classroom teachers in the public schools of West Virginia should be encouraged to achieve national board certification through a reimbursement of expenses and an additional salary bonus which reflects their additional certification, to be paid in accordance with the provisions of this section.

     (b) (1) $3,500 shall be paid annually to each classroom teacher who holds a valid certificate issued by the National Board of Professional Teaching Standards for the life of the certification, but in no event more than ten years for any one certification.

     (2) $3,500 shall be paid annually to each classroom teacher who holds a valid renewal certificate issued by the National Board of Professional Teaching Standards for the life of the renewal certificate, but in no event more than ten years for any one renewal certificate.

     (c) The payments:

     (1) Shall be in addition to any amounts prescribed in the applicable state minimum salary schedule;

     (2) Shall be paid in equal monthly installments; and

     (3) Shall be considered a part of the state minimum salaries for teachers.

     (d) For initial certification, one half the certification fee shall be paid for reimbursement once to each teacher who enrolls in the program for the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certification and one half the certification fee shall be paid for reimbursement once to each teacher who completes the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certification. Completion shall be defined as the completion of ten scorable entries, as verified by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards. Teachers who achieve National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certification may be reimbursed a maximum of $600 for expenses actually incurred while obtaining the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certification.

     (e) For renewal certification, each teacher who completes the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certification renewal process shall be reimbursed for the renewal certification fee. Completion of the certification renewal process means the successful renewal of the ten-year certification as verified by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards.

     (f) The state board shall establish selection criteria for the teachers by the legislative rule required pursuant to subsection (h) of this section.

     (g) Funding for reimbursement of the initial certification fee and expenses actually incurred while obtaining the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certifications and funding for reimbursement of the renewal certification fee shall be administered by the State Department of Education from an appropriation established for that purpose by the Legislature. If funds appropriated by the Legislature to accomplish the purposes of this subsection are insufficient, the state department shall prorate the reimbursements for expenses and shall request of the Legislature, at its next regular session, funds sufficient to accomplish the purposes of this subsection, including needed retroactive payments.

     (h) The state board shall promulgate legislative rules pursuant to article three-b, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to implement the provisions of this section.
WVC 18 A- 4 - 2 B §18A-4-2b. State minimum salary supplement and educational expense reimbursement for professional personnel with recognized national certification in speech-language pathology, audiology, counseling, school psychology or school nursing.
(a) (1) The Legislature finds that achieving a nationally recognized professional certification in speech-language pathology or audiology involves a rigorous process of demonstrating both knowledge and skills and results in highly trained and capable employees. Individuals who attain national professional certification by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association provide needed and essential services to the school students of this state. Individuals should be encouraged to achieve and maintain the national professional certification through reimbursement of expenses and a salary bonus which reflects their additional certification.

(2) The Legislature finds that the rigorous standards and processes for advanced certification by either the National Board of Certified Counselors or the West Virginia Board of Examiners in Counseling helps to promote the quality of counseling in schools. Counselors in the public schools of West Virginia should be encouraged to achieve and maintain the advanced certification through reimbursement of expenses and a salary bonus that reflects their additional certification.

(3) The Legislature finds that achieving a nationally recognized professional certification in school psychology involves a rigorous process of demonstrating competencies in scientific research-based knowledge and skills. School psychologists provide assessment, counseling and consultation to students, teachers, school administrators and parents. Individuals who attain national professional certification by the National Association of School Psychologists provide services to students, families and school systems in this state. School psychologists should be encouraged to achieve and maintain this national professional certification through reimbursement of expenses and a salary bonus which reflects their additional certification.

(4) The Legislature finds that achieving a nationally recognized professional certification in school nursing involves a rigorous process of demonstrating competencies in health care and nursing applications, knowledge and skills. School nurses provide assessment, counseling and consultation to students, teachers, school administrators and parents. School nurses who attain national professional certification by the National Board for Certification of School Nurses provide services to students, families and school systems in this state. School nurses should be encouraged to achieve and maintain this national professional certification through reimbursement of expenses and a salary bonus which reflects their additional certification.

(5) Therefore, the purpose of this section is:

(A) To provide a statewide salary supplement for certain professional personnel employed in the public schools who hold nationally recognized professional certification in speech-language pathology, audiology, counseling, school psychology or school nursing;

(B) To treat these professional certifications equally;

(C) To encourage others to attain such a certification; and

(D) To help school systems recruit these highly qualified professionals.

(b) In addition to any amounts prescribed in the applicable state minimum salary schedule, any professional personnel who hold national certification or other credential as provided in this section shall be paid an annual salary supplement of two thousand five hundred dollars. The payment is:

(1) To be made in equal monthly installments;

(2) To be considered a part of the state minimum salaries for teachers; and

(3) To continue for the life of the certification, or for ten years for any one certification, whichever first expires.

(c) Professional personnel employed as speech-language pathologists, audiologists, counselors, school psychologists or school nurses are eligible upon enrollment for reimbursement for one-half of the fee for certification in accordance with this section. In addition, these personnel are eligible upon attainment of the certification for reimbursement of the remainder of the application fee plus other expenses actually incurred toward attainment of the certification, not exceeding six hundred dollars, upon approval by the department of education. Not more than one hundred fifteen speech-language pathologists, audiologists, counselors, school psychologists and school nurses, combined total, are eligible for reimbursement in any one fiscal year.

(d) Notwithstanding subsection (b) of this section, for the school year beginning the first day of July, two thousand eight, the number of speech-language pathologists, audiologists, counselors, school psychologists and school nurses paid the annual salary supplement provided for in said subsection may not exceed the number of speech-language pathologists, audiologists and counselors eligible to be paid the annual salary supplement under the provisions of this section in effect during the school year beginning the first day of July, two thousand seven, by more than one hundred fifteen qualified recipients, and the total amount of qualified recipients may not increase thereafter by more than one hundred fifteen in each subsequent fiscal year.

(e) The state board shall promulgate a legislative rule establishing criteria for selection of the individuals eligible for reimbursement and a salary supplement in accordance with this section. The selection criteria shall prioritize the length of time the certification has been held and the years of experience of the holder in determining eligibility.

(f) The state board shall report the rule to the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability by the January, two thousand nine, legislative interim meeting period and shall report on its progress in developing the rule to the commission during prior interim meetings as requested.

(g) No provision of this section may be construed to require any appropriation, or any specific level of appropriation, by the Legislature, or payment of any supplement or reimbursement described in this section for which a specific appropriation has not been made.

(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section or the provisions of section two-a of this article, professional personnel may not be paid a salary supplement pursuant to the provisions of both said sections.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 3 §18A-4-3. State minimum annual salary increments for principals and assistant principals.
(a) In addition to any salary increments for principals and assistant principals, in effect on the first day of January, two thousand eight, and paid from local funds, and in addition to the county schedule in effect for teachers, the county board shall pay each principal a principal's salary increment and each assistant principal an assistant principal's salary increment as prescribed by this section from state funds appropriated for the salary increments.

(b) State funds for this purpose shall be paid within the West Virginia public school support plan in accordance with article nine-a, chapter eighteen of this code.

(c) The salary increment in this section for each principal shall be determined by multiplying the basic salary for teachers in accordance with the classification of certification and of training of the principal as prescribed in this article by the appropriate percentage rate prescribed in this section according to the number of teachers supervised.

STATE MINIMUM SALARY INCREMENT

RATES FOR PRINCIPALS

EFFECTIVE UNTIL JULY 1, 2008

No. of Teachers

Supervised Rates

1-710.0%

8-1410.5%

15-2411.0%

25-3811.5%

39-5712.0%

58 and up12.5%

STATE MINIMUM SALARY INCREMENT

RATES FOR PRINCIPALS

EFFECTIVE ON AND AFTER JULY 1, 2008

No. of Teachers

Supervised Rates

1-711.0%

8-1411.5%

15-2412.0%

25-3812.5%

39-5713.0%

58 and up13.5%

(d) The salary increment in this section for each assistant principal shall be determined in the same manner as that for principals using the number of teachers supervised by the principal under whose direction the assistant principal works, except that the percentage rate shall be fifty percent of the rate prescribed for the principal.

(e) Salaries for employment beyond the minimum employment term shall be at the same daily rate as the salaries for the minimum employment terms.

(f) For the purpose of determining the number of teachers supervised by a principal, the county board shall use data for the second school month of the prior school term and the number of teachers shall be interpreted to mean the total number of professional educators assigned to each school on a full-time equivalency basis: Provided, That if there is a change in circumstances because of consolidation or catastrophe, the county board shall determine what is a reasonable number of supervised teachers in order to establish the appropriate increment percentage rate.

(g) No county may reduce local funds allocated for salary increments for principals and assistant principals in effect on the first day of January, two thousand eight, and used in supplementing the state minimum salaries as provided in this article, unless forced to do so by defeat of a special levy, or a loss in assessed values or events over which it has no control and for which the county board has received approval from the state board prior to making the reduction.

(h) Nothing in this section prevents a county board from providing, in a uniform manner, salary increments greater than those required by this section.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 4 §18A-4-4. Minimum salary schedule for teachers having specialized training.

The state board of education shall establish the minimum salary schedule for teachers where specialized training may be required for vocational, technical and adult education, and such other permits as may be authorized by said board.

On and after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-five, any vocational industrial, technical, occupational home economics, or health occupations teacher who is required to hold a vocational certificate and is paid a salary equivalent to the amount prescribed for "A.B. + 15" training classification in the state minimum salary schedule for teachers under section two of this article shall, upon application therefor, receive advanced salary classification and be entitled to increased compensation on and after such date in respect to and based upon additional semester hours, approved by the state board of education and completed either prior to or subsequent to such date. All such hours earned must be from a regionally accredited institution of higher education.

The advanced salary classification shall be as follows:

(1) Those who have earned fifteen such additional semester hours shall receive an amount equal to that prescribed for the "M.A." training classification under section two of this article.

(2) Those who have earned thirty such additional semester hours shall receive an amount equal to that prescribed for the "M.A. + 15" training classification under section two of this article.

(3) Those who have earned forty-five such additional semester hours shall receive an amount equal to that prescribed for the "M.A. + 30" training classification under section two of this article.

(4) Those who have earned sixty such additional semester hours shall receive an amount equal to that prescribed for the "M.A. + 45" training classification under section two of this article.

Any such teacher who has a permanent vocational certificate and who has earned or earns a bachelor's degree prior or subsequent to the issuance of such certificate shall be entitled to receive the amount prescribed for the "M.A. + 30" training classification upon application: Provided, That any such teacher who has a permanent vocational certificate and who has earned or earns fifteen graduate hours prior or subsequent to the issuance of such certificate shall be entitled to receive the amount prescribed for the "M.A. + 45" training classification upon application therefor, such advanced salary to take effect immediately upon qualification therefor: Provided, however, That any vocational teacher receiving the amount prescribed for the "M.A. + 30" training classification under prior enactments of this section who have not been issued a permanent vocational certificate shall not have such salary reduced as a result of this section: Provided further, That any teacher with a vocational certificate and under contract for the school year one thousand nine hundred eighty-five--eighty-six who has earned a bachelor's degree prior to the end of such school year shall be entitled to receive the amount prescribed for the "M.A. + 30" training classification, upon application therefor, for the school year beginning on the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-six, and thereafter.

No teacher holding a valid professional certificate shall incur a salary reduction resulting from assignment out of the teacher's field by the superintendent, with the approval of the county board, under any authorization or regulation of the state board.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 5 .§18A-4-5. Salary equity among the counties; state salary supplement.

 (a) For the purposes of this section, salary equity among the counties means that the salary potential of school employees employed by the various districts throughout the state does not differ by greater than ten percent between those offering the highest salaries and those offering the lowest salaries. In the case of professional educators, the difference shall be calculated using the average of the professional educator salary schedules, degree classifications B. A. through doctorate and the years of experience provided in the most recent state minimum salary schedule for teachers, in effect in the ten counties offering the highest salary schedules compared to the lowest salary schedule in effect among the fifty-five counties. In the case of school service personnel, the difference shall be calculated utilizing the average of the school service personnel salary schedules, pay grades A through H and the years of experience provided in the most recent state minimum pay scale pay grade for service personnel, in effect in the ten counties offering the highest salary schedules compared to the lowest salary schedule in effect among the fifty- five counties.

 (b) To meet the objective of salary equity among the counties, as defined in subsection (a) of this section, on and after July 1, 1984, subject to available state appropriations and the conditions set forth herein, each teacher and school service personnel shall receive an equity supplement amount as specified in sections two and eight-a, respectively, of this article in addition to the amount from the state minimum salary schedules provided in those sections.

 (c) State funds for this purpose shall be paid within the West Virginia public school support plan in accordance with article nine-a, chapter eighteen of this code. The amount allocated for salary equity shall be apportioned between teachers and school service personnel in direct proportion to that amount necessary to support the professional salaries and service personnel salaries statewide under sections four, five and eight, article nine-a, chapter eighteen of this code. In the event the Department of Education determines that the objective of salary equity among the counties has not been met, it shall include in its budget request for the public school support plan for the next school year a request for funding sufficient to meet the objective of salary equity through an across-the-board increase in the equity supplement amount of the affected class of employees.

 (d) Pursuant to this section, each teacher and service person shall receive from state funds the equity supplement amount indicated in subsection (c), section two and subsection (f), section eight-a of this article, as applicable, reduced by any amount provided by the county as a salary supplement for teachers and school service personnel on January 1, 1984.

 (e) The amount received pursuant to this section shall not be decreased as a result of any county supplement increase instituted after January 1, 1984: Provided, That any amount received pursuant to this section may be reduced proportionately based upon the amount of funds appropriated for this purpose. No county may reduce any salary supplement that was in effect on January 1, 1984, except as permitted by sections five-a and five-b of this article.
WVC 18 A- 4 - 5 A §18A-4-5a. County salary supplements for teachers.

County boards of education in fixing the salaries of teachers shall use at least the state minimum salaries established under the provisions of this article. The board may establish salary schedules which shall be in excess of the state minimums fixed by this article, such county schedules to be uniform throughout the county as to the classification of training, experience, responsibility and other requirements.

Counties may fix higher salaries for teachers placed in special instructional assignments, for those assigned to or employed for duties other than regular instructional duties, and for teachers of one-teacher schools, and they may provide additional compensation for any teacher assigned duties in addition to the teacher's regular instructional duties wherein such noninstructional duties are not a part of the scheduled hours of the regular school day. Uniformity also shall apply to such additional salary increments or compensation for all persons performing like assignments and duties within the county: Provided, That in establishing such local salary schedules, no county shall reduce local funds allocated for salaries in effect on the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety, and used in supplementing the state minimum salaries as provided for in this article, unless forced to do so by defeat of a special levy, or a loss in assessed values or events over which it has no control and for which the county board has received approval from the state board prior to making such reduction.

Counties may provide, in a uniform manner, benefits for teachers which require an appropriation from local funds including, but not limited to, dental, optical, health and income protection insurance, vacation time and retirement plans excluding the state teachers retirement system. Nothing herein shall prohibit the maintenance nor result in the reduction of any benefits in effect on the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred eighty-four, by any county board of education.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 5 B §18A-4-5b. County salary supplements for school service personnel.

The county board of education may establish salary schedules which shall be in excess of the state minimums fixed by this article.

These county schedules shall be uniform throughout the county with regard to any training classification, experience, years of employment, responsibility, duties, pupil participation, pupil enrollment, size of buildings, operation of equipment or other requirements. Further, uniformity shall apply to all salaries, rates of pay, benefits, increments or compensation for all persons regularly employed and performing like assignments and duties within the county: Provided, That in establishing such local salary schedules, no county shall reduce local funds allocated for salaries in effect on the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety, and used in supplementing the state minimum salaries as provided for in this article, unless forced to do so by defeat of a special levy, or a loss in assessed values or events over which it has no control and for which the county board has received approval from the state board prior to making such reduction.

Counties may provide, in a uniform manner, benefits for service personnel which require an appropriation from local funds including, but not limited to, dental, optical, health and income protection insurance, vacation time and retirement plans excluding the state teachers retirement system. Nothing herein shall prohibit the maintenance nor result in the reduction of any benefits in effect on the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred eighty-four, by any county board of education.
WVC 18 A- 4 - 5 C §18A-4-5c. Equity appropriation from surplus revenues.

Notwithstanding the provisions of section five of this article, any moneys appropriated and expended for equity that are in addition to such amounts as were expended for such purpose prior to the effective date of this section shall be apportioned between teachers and school service personnel in such proportion as necessary to align more closely teachers and school service personnel with their counterparts in the contiguous states: Provided, That an adequate amount of such funds shall be reserved to finance the appropriate foundation allowances and staffing incentives provided for in article nine-a of chapter eighteen.

The state board shall collect information annually from contiguous states for the purpose of making a thorough and comprehensive comparison of West Virginia school service personnel salaries to those in surrounding states, which shall be used as a guide to align more closely teachers and school service personnel with their counterparts in the contiguous states.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 5 D §18A-4-5d. 1990 appropriation for salary equity.

Notwithstanding any other provisions of this code to the contrary, for the fiscal year beginning on the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety only, not less than twenty-seven million four hundred thousand dollars shall be appropriated and expended for salary equity among the counties in addition to such amounts as were expended for such purpose prior to the effective date of this section: Provided, That for professional educators each person shall receive a minimum salary equity adjustment of five hundred thirty-five dollars per year and that for service personnel each person shall receive a minimum salary equity adjustment of twenty dollars per month: Provided, however, That beginning on the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety, such minimum salary equity adjustments shall be paid through the appropriate salary schedules pursuant to sections two and eight-a of this article: Provided further, That the remainder of the equity money shall be distributed as directed in section five of this article: And provided further, That an adequate amount of such funds shall be reserved to finance the appropriate foundation allowances for fixed charges as provided for in section six, article nine-a, chapter eighteen of this code: And provided further, That notwithstanding the provisions of said sections five and five-c of this article, foundation allowances other than for fixed charges shall not be financed from such funds.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 6 §18A-4-6. Change in classification.
Upon the change of the training classification of any teacher, his salary shall be made to comply with requirements of this article and of any county schedule, where such exist, based upon his new classification and allowable years of experience.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 7 §18A-4-7. Substitute teachers pay.

The pay of a substitute teacher shall not be less than eighty percent of the daily rate of the state basic salary paid to teachers: Provided, That any substitute teacher who teaches in excess of ten consecutive instructional days in the same position shall, thereafter, not be paid less than eighty percent of the daily rate of the state advanced salary based upon teaching experience: Provided, however, That any substitute teacher who teaches in excess of thirty days in the same position shall be paid the daily rate of the advanced salary, within that teacher's county.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 7 A §18A-4-7a. Employment, promotion and transfer of professional personnel; seniority.

     (a) A county board of education shall make decisions affecting the filling of vacancies in professional positions of employment on the basis of the applicant with the highest qualifications: Provided, That the county superintendent shall be hired under separate criteria pursuant to section two, article four, chapter eighteen of this code.

     (b) In judging qualifications for the filling of vacancies of professional positions of employment, consideration shall be given to each of the following:

     (1) Appropriate certification, licensure or both;

     (2) Amount of experience relevant to the position or, in the case of a classroom teaching position, the amount of teaching experience in the required certification area;

     (3) The amount of course work, degree level or both in the relevant field and degree level generally;

     (4) Academic achievement;

     (5) In the case of a classroom teaching position or the position of principal, certification by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards;

     (6) Specialized training relevant to the performance of the duties of the job;

     (7) Past performance evaluations conducted pursuant to section twelve, article two of this chapter and section two, article three-c of this chapter or, in the case of a classroom teacher, past evaluations of the applicant's performance in the teaching profession;

     (8) Seniority;

     (9) Other measures or indicators upon which the relative qualifications of the applicant may fairly be judged;

     (10) In the case of a classroom teaching position, the recommendation of the principal of the school at which the applicant will be performing a majority of his or her duties; and

     (11) In the case of a classroom teaching position, the recommendation, if any, resulting from the process established pursuant to the provisions of section five, article five-a, chapter eighteen of this code by the faculty senate of the school at which the employee will be performing a majority of his or her duties.

     (c) In considering the filling of a vacancy pursuant to this section, a county board is entitled to determine the appropriate weight to apply to each of the criterion when assessing an applicant's qualifications: Provided, That if one or more permanently employed instructional personnel apply for a classroom teaching position and meet the standards set forth in the job posting, each criterion under subsection (b) of this section shall be given equal weight except that the criterion in subdivisions (10) and (11) shall each be double weighted.

     (d) For a classroom teaching position, if the recommendations resulting from the operations of subdivisions (10) and (11), subsection (b) of this section are for the same applicant, and the superintendent concurs with that recommendation, then the other provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of this section do not apply and the county board shall appoint that applicant notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary.

     (e) The state board shall promulgate a rule, including an emergency rule if necessary, in accordance with the provisions of article three-b, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to implement and interpret the provisions of this section, including provisions that may provide for the compensation based on the appropriate daily rate of a classroom teacher who directly participates in making recommendations pursuant to this section for periods beyond his or her individual contract.

     (f) Recommendations made pursuant to subdivisions (10) and (11), subsection (b) of this section shall be made based on a determination as to which of the applicants is the highest qualified for the position: Provided, That nothing in this subsection shall require principals or faculty senates to assign any amount of weight to any factor in making a recommendation.

     (g) With the exception of guidance counselors, the seniority of classroom teachers, as defined in section one, article one of this chapter, shall be determined on the basis of the length of time the employee has been employed as a regular full-time certified and/or licensed professional educator by the county board of education and shall be granted in all areas that the employee is certified, licensed or both.

     (h) Upon completion of one hundred thirty-three days of employment in any one school year, substitute teachers, except retired teachers and other retired professional educators employed as substitutes, shall accrue seniority exclusively for the purpose of applying for employment as a permanent, full-time professional employee. One hundred thirty-three days or more of said employment shall be prorated and shall vest as a fraction of the school year worked by the permanent, full-time teacher.

     (i) Guidance counselors and all other professional employees, as defined in section one, article one of this chapter, except classroom teachers, shall gain seniority in their nonteaching area of professional employment on the basis of the length of time the employee has been employed by the county board of education in that area: Provided, That if an employee is certified as a classroom teacher, the employee accrues classroom teaching seniority for the time that that employee is employed in another professional area. For the purposes of accruing seniority under this paragraph, employment as principal, supervisor or central office administrator, as defined in section one, article one of this chapter, shall be considered one area of employment.

     (j) Employment for a full employment term shall equal one year of seniority, but no employee may accrue more than one year of seniority during any given fiscal year. Employment for less than the full employment term shall be prorated. A random selection system established by the employees and approved by the board shall be used to determine the priority if two or more employees accumulate identical seniority: Provided, That when two or more principals have accumulated identical seniority, decisions on reductions in force shall be based on qualifications.

     (k) Whenever a county board is required to reduce the number of professional personnel in its employment, the employee with the least amount of seniority shall be properly notified and released from employment pursuant to the provisions of section two, article two of this chapter. The provisions of this subsection are subject to the following:

     (1) All persons employed in a certification area to be reduced who are employed under a temporary permit shall be properly notified and released before a fully certified employee in such a position is subject to release;

     (2) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, all employees subject to release shall be considered applicants for any vacancy in an established, existing or newly created position that, on or before February 15, is known to exist for the ensuing school year, and for which they are qualified, and, upon recommendation of the superintendent, the board shall appoint the successful applicant from among them before posting such vacancies for application by other persons;

     (3) An employee subject to release shall be employed in any other professional position where the employee is certified and was previously employed or to any lateral area for which the employee is certified, licensed or both, if the employee's seniority is greater than the seniority of any other employee in that area of certification, licensure or both;

     (4) If an employee subject to release holds certification, licensure or both in more than one lateral area and if the employee's seniority is greater than the seniority of any other employee in one or more of those areas of certification, licensure or both, the employee subject to release shall be employed in the professional position held by the employee with the least seniority in any of those areas of certification, licensure or both; and

     (5) If, prior to August 1 of the year a reduction in force is approved, the reason for any particular reduction in force no longer exists as determined by the county board in its sole and exclusive judgment, the board shall rescind the reduction in force or transfer and shall notify the released employee in writing of his or her right to be restored to his or her position of employment. Within five days of being so notified, the released employee shall notify the board, in writing, of his or her intent to resume his or her position of employment or the right to be restored shall terminate. Notwithstanding any other provision of this subdivision, if there is another employee on the preferred recall list with proper certification and higher seniority, that person shall be placed in the position restored as a result of the reduction in force being rescinded.

     (l) For the purpose of this article, all positions which meet the definition of "classroom teacher" as defined in section one, article one of this chapter shall be lateral positions. For all other professional positions, the county board of education shall adopt a policy by October 31, 1993, and may modify the policy thereafter as necessary, which defines which positions shall be lateral positions. The board shall submit a copy of its policy to the state board within thirty days of adoption or any modification, and the state board shall compile a report and submit the report to the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability by December 31, 1993, and by that date in any succeeding year in which any county board submits a modification of its policy relating to lateral positions. In adopting the policy, the board shall give consideration to the rank of each position in terms of title; nature of responsibilities; salary level; certification, licensure or both; and days in the period of employment.

     (m) After the twentieth day prior to the beginning of the instructional term, no person employed and assigned to a professional position may transfer to another professional position in the county during that instructional term unless the person holding that position does not have valid certification. The provisions of this subsection are subject to the following:

     (1) The person may apply for any posted, vacant positions with the successful applicant assuming the position at the beginning of the next instructional term;

     (2) Professional personnel who have been on an approved leave of absence may fill these vacancies upon their return from the approved leave of absence;

     (3) The county board, upon recommendation of the superintendent may fill a position before the next instructional term when it is determined to be in the best interest of the students. The county superintendent shall notify the state board of each transfer of a person employed in a professional position to another professional position after the twentieth day prior to the beginning of the instructional term;

     (4) The provisions of this subsection do not apply to the filling of a position vacated because of resignation or retirement that became effective on or before the twentieth day prior to the beginning of the instructional term, but not posted until after that date; and

     (5) The Legislature finds that it is not in the best interest of the students particularly in the elementary grades to have multiple teachers for any one grade level or course during the instructional term. It is the intent of the Legislature that the filling of positions through transfers of personnel from one professional position to another after the twentieth day prior to the beginning of the instructional term should be kept to a minimum.

     (n) All professional personnel whose seniority with the county board is insufficient to allow their retention by the county board during a reduction in work force shall be placed upon a preferred recall list. As to any professional position opening within the area where they had previously been employed or to any lateral area for which they have certification, licensure or both, the employee shall be recalled on the basis of seniority if no regular, full-time professional personnel, or those returning from leaves of absence with greater seniority, are qualified, apply for and accept the position.

     (o) Before position openings that are known or expected to extend for twenty consecutive employment days or longer for professional personnel may be filled by the board, the board shall be required to notify all qualified professional personnel on the preferred list and give them an opportunity to apply, but failure to apply shall not cause the employee to forfeit any right to recall. The notice shall be sent by certified mail to the last known address of the employee, and it shall be the duty of each professional personnel to notify the board of continued availability annually, of any change in address or of any change in certification, licensure or both.

     (p) Openings in established, existing or newly created positions shall be processed as follows:

     (1) Boards shall be required to post and date notices of each opening at least once. At their discretion, boards may post an opening for a position other than classroom teacher more than once in order to attract more qualified applicants. At their discretion, boards may post an opening for a classroom teacher one additional time after the first posting in order to attract more qualified applicants only if fewer than three individuals apply during the first posting subject to the following:

     (A) Each notice shall be posted in conspicuous working places for all professional personnel to observe for at least five working days;

     (B) At least one notice shall be posted within twenty working days of the position openings and shall include the job description;

     (C) Any special criteria or skills that are required by the position shall be specifically stated in the job description and directly related to the performance of the job;

     (D) Postings for vacancies made pursuant to this section shall be written so as to ensure that the largest possible pool of qualified applicants may apply; and

     (E) Job postings may not require criteria which are not necessary for the successful performance of the job and may not be written with the intent to favor a specific applicant;

     (2) No vacancy shall be filled until after the five-day minimum posting period of the most recent posted notice of the vacancy;

     (3) If one or more applicants under all the postings for a vacancy meets the qualifications listed in the job posting, the successful applicant to fill the vacancy shall be selected by the board within thirty working days of the end of the first posting period;

     (4) A position held by a teacher who is certified, licensed or both, who has been issued a permit for full-time employment and is working toward certification in the permit area shall not be subject to posting if the certificate is awarded within five years; and

     (5) Nothing provided herein shall prevent the county board of education from eliminating a position due to lack of need.

     (q) Notwithstanding any other provision of the code to the contrary, where the total number of classroom teaching positions in an elementary school does not increase from one school year to the next, but there exists in that school a need to realign the number of teachers in one or more grade levels, kindergarten through six, teachers at the school may be reassigned to grade levels for which they are certified without that position being posted: Provided, That the employee and the county board mutually agree to the reassignment.

     (r) Reductions in classroom teaching positions in elementary schools shall be processed as follows:

     (1) When the total number of classroom teaching positions in an elementary school needs to be reduced, the reduction shall be made on the basis of seniority with the least senior classroom teacher being recommended for transfer; and

     (2) When a specified grade level needs to be reduced and the least senior employee in the school is not in that grade level, the least senior classroom teacher in the grade level that needs to be reduced shall be reassigned to the position made vacant by the transfer of the least senior classroom teacher in the school without that position being posted: Provided, That the employee is certified, licensed or both and agrees to the reassignment.

     (s) Any board failing to comply with the provisions of this article may be compelled to do so by mandamus and shall be liable to any party prevailing against the board for court costs and reasonable attorney fees as determined and established by the court. Further, employees denied promotion or employment in violation of this section shall be awarded the job, pay and any applicable benefits retroactive to the date of the violation and payable entirely from local funds. Further, the board shall be liable to any party prevailing against the board for any court reporter costs including copies of transcripts.

     (t) The county board shall compile, update annually on July 1 and make available by electronic or other means to all employees a list of all professional personnel employed by the county, their areas of certification and their seniority.

     (u) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary, upon recommendation of the principal and approval by the classroom teacher and county board, a classroom teacher assigned to the school may at any time be assigned to a new or existing classroom teacher position at the school without the position being posted.

     (v) The amendments to this section during the 2013 regular session of the Legislature shall be effective for school years beginning on or after July 1, 2013, and the provisions of this section immediately prior to those amendments remain in effect until July 1, 2013.
WVC 18 A- 4 - 7 B §18A-4-7b. Calculation of seniority for professional personnel.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary, seniority for professional personnel as defined in section one, article one, chapter eighteen-a of this code shall be calculated pursuant to the provisions of section seven-a of this article as well as the following: Provided, That any recalculation of seniority of a professional personnel employee that may be required in order to remain consistent with the provisions contained herein shall be calculated retroactively, but shall not be utilized for the purposes of reversing any decision that has been made or grievance that has been filed prior to the effective date of this section:

(a) A professional employee shall begin to accrue seniority upon commencement of the employee's duties.

(b) An employee shall receive seniority credit for each day the employee is professionally employed regardless of whether the employee receives pay for that day: Provided, That no employee shall receive seniority credit for any day the employee is suspended without pay pursuant to section eight, article two of this chapter: Provided, however, That an employee who is on an approved leave of absence shall accrue seniority during the period of time that the employee is on the approved leave of absence.

(c) Any professional employee whose employment with a county board of education is terminated either voluntarily or through a reduction-in-force shall, upon reemployment with the same board of education in a regular full-time position, receive credit for all seniority previously accumulated with the board of education at the date the employee's employment was terminated.

(d) Any professional employee whose employment has been terminated through reduction in force and whose name is on the preferred recall list shall retain all accumulated seniority for the purpose of seeking reemployment with the county from which he or she was terminated and nothing in this section may be construed to the contrary.

(e) Any professional employee employed for a full employment term but in a part-time position shall receive seniority credit for each day of employment prorated to the proportion of a full employment day the employee is required to work: Provided, That nothing herein allows a regular full-time employee to be credited with less than a full day of seniority credit for each day the employee is employed by the board: Provided, however, That this calculation of seniority for part-time professional personnel is prospective and does not reduce any seniority credit accumulated by any employee prior to the effective date of this section: Provided further, That for the purposes of this section a part-time employee shall be defined as an employee who is employed less than three and one-half hours per day.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 7 C §18A-4-7c. Summer employment of professional educators.
A county board shall hire professional educators for positions in summer school programs in accordance with section thirty-nine, article five, chapter eighteen of this code or section seven-a of this article, as applicable, except that a professional educator who is regularly employed by the county board on a full-time basis shall be given employment preference over applicants who are not regularly employed by the county board on a full-time basis.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 8 §18A-4-8. Employment term and class titles of service personnel; definitions.

     (a) The purpose of this section is to establish an employment term and class titles for service personnel. The employment term for service personnel may not be less than ten months. A month is defined as twenty employment days. The county board may contract with all or part of these service personnel for a longer term.

     (b) Service personnel employed on a yearly or twelve-month basis may be employed by calendar months. Whenever there is a change in job assignment during the school year, the minimum pay scale and any county supplement are applicable.

     (c) Service personnel employed in the same classification for more than the two hundred-day minimum employment term are paid for additional employment at a daily rate of not less than the daily rate paid for the two hundred-day minimum employment term.

     (d) A service person may not be required to report for work more than five days per week without his or her agreement, and no part of any working day may be accumulated by the employer for future work assignments, unless the employee agrees thereto.

     (e) If a service person whose regular work week is scheduled from Monday through Friday agrees to perform any work assignments on a Saturday or Sunday, the service person is paid for at least one-half day of work for each day he or she reports for work. If the service person works more than three and one-half hours on any Saturday or Sunday, he or she is paid for at least a full day of work for each day.

     (f) A custodian, aide, maintenance, office and school lunch service person required to work a daily work schedule that is interrupted is paid additional compensation in accordance with this subsection.

     (1) A maintenance person means a person who holds a classification title other than in a custodial, aide, school lunch, office or transportation category as provided in section one, article one of this chapter.

     (2) A service person's schedule is considered to be interrupted if he or she does not work a continuous period in one day. Aides are not regarded as working an interrupted schedule when engaged exclusively in the duties of transporting students;

     (3) The additional compensation provided in this subsection:

     (A) Is equal to at least one eighth of a service person's total salary as provided by the state minimum pay scale and any county pay supplement; and

     (B) Is payable entirely from county board funds.

     (g) When there is a change in classification or when a service person meets the requirements of an advanced classification, his or her salary shall be made to comply with the requirements of this article and any county salary schedule in excess of the minimum requirements of this article, based upon the service person's advanced classification and allowable years of employment.

     (h) A service person's contract, as provided in section five, article two of this chapter, shall state the appropriate monthly salary the employee is to be paid, based on the class title as provided in this article and on any county salary schedule in excess of the minimum requirements of this article.

     (i) The column heads of the state minimum pay scale and class titles, set forth in section eight-a of this article, are defined as follows:

     (1) "Pay grade" means the monthly salary applicable to class titles of service personnel;

     (2) "Years of employment" means the number of years which an employee classified as a service person has been employed by a county board in any position prior to or subsequent to the effective date of this section and includes service in the Armed Forces of the United States, if the employee was employed at the time of his or her induction. For the purpose of section eight-a of this article, years of employment is limited to the number of years shown and allowed under the state minimum pay scale as set forth in section eight-a of this article;

     (3) "Class title" means the name of the position or job held by a service person;

     (4) "Accountant I" means a person employed to maintain payroll records and reports and perform one or more operations relating to a phase of the total payroll;

     (5) "Accountant II" means a person employed to maintain accounting records and to be responsible for the accounting process associated with billing, budgets, purchasing and related operations;

     (6) "Accountant III" means a person employed in the county board office to manage and supervise accounts payable, payroll procedures, or both;

     (7) "Accounts payable supervisor" means a person employed in the county board office who has primary responsibility for the accounts payable function and who either has completed twelve college hours of accounting courses from an accredited institution of higher education or has at least eight years of experience performing progressively difficult accounting tasks. Responsibilities of this class title may include supervision of other personnel;

     (8) "Aide I" means a person selected and trained for a teacher-aide classification such as monitor aide, clerical aide, classroom aide or general aide;

     (9) "Aide II" means a service person referred to in the "Aide I" classification who has completed a training program approved by the state board, or who holds a high school diploma or has received a general educational development certificate. Only a person classified in an Aide II class title may be employed as an aide in any special education program

     (10) "Aide III" means a service person referred to in the "Aide I" classification who holds a high school diploma or a general educational development certificate; and

     (A) Has completed six semester hours of college credit at an institution of higher education; or

     (B) Is employed as an aide in a special education program and has one year's experience as an aide in special education;

     (11) "Aide IV" means a service person referred to in the "Aide I" classification who holds a high school diploma or a general educational development certificate; and

     (A) Has completed eighteen hours of State Board-approved college credit at a regionally accredited institution of higher education, or

     (B) Has completed fifteen hours of State Board-approved college credit at a regionally accredited institution of higher education; and has successfully completed an in-service training program determined by the State Board to be the equivalent of three hours of college credit;

     (12) "Audiovisual technician" means a person employed to perform minor maintenance on audiovisual equipment, films, and supplies and who fills requests for equipment;

     (13) "Auditor" means a person employed to examine and verify accounts of individual schools and to assist schools and school personnel in maintaining complete and accurate records of their accounts;

     (14) "Autism mentor" means a person who works with autistic students and who meets standards and experience to be determined by the State Board. A person who has held or holds an aide title and becomes employed as an autism mentor shall hold a multiclassification status that includes both aide and autism mentor titles, in accordance with section eight-b of this article;

     (15) "Braille specialist" means a person employed to provide braille assistance to students. A service person who has held or holds an aide title and becomes employed as a braille specialist shall hold a multiclassification status that includes both aide and braille specialist title, in accordance with section eight-b of this article;

     (16) "Bus operator" means a person employed to operate school buses and other school transportation vehicles as provided by the state board;

     (17) "Buyer" means a person employed to review and write specifications, negotiate purchase bids and recommend purchase agreements for materials and services that meet predetermined specifications at the lowest available costs;

     (18) "Cabinetmaker" means a person employed to construct cabinets, tables, bookcases and other furniture;

     (19) "Cafeteria manager" means a person employed to direct the operation of a food services program in a school, including assigning duties to employees, approving requisitions for supplies and repairs, keeping inventories, inspecting areas to maintain high standards of sanitation, preparing financial reports and keeping records pertinent to food services of a school;

     (20) "Carpenter I" means a person classified as a carpenter's helper;

     (21) "Carpenter II" means a person classified as a journeyman carpenter;

     (22) "Chief mechanic" means a person employed to be responsible for directing activities which ensure that student transportation or other county board-owned vehicles are properly and safely maintained;

     (23) "Clerk I" means a person employed to perform clerical tasks;

     (24) "Clerk II" means a person employed to perform general clerical tasks, prepare reports and tabulations, and operate office machines;

     (25) "Computer operator" means a qualified person employed to operate computers;

     (26) "Cook I" means a person employed as a cook's helper;

     (27) "Cook II" means a person employed to interpret menus and to prepare and serve meals in a food service program of a school. This definition includes a service person who has been employed as a "Cook I" for a period of four years;

     (28) "Cook III" means a person employed to prepare and serve meals, make reports, prepare requisitions for supplies, order equipment and repairs for a food service program of a school system;

     (29) "Crew leader" means a person employed to organize the work for a crew of maintenance employees to carry out assigned projects;

     (30) "Custodian I" means a person employed to keep buildings clean and free of refuse;

     (31) "Custodian II" means a person employed as a watchman or groundsman;

     (32) "Custodian III" means a person employed to keep buildings clean and free of refuse, to operate the heating or cooling systems and to make minor repairs;

     (33) "Custodian IV" means a person employed as a head custodian. In addition to providing services as defined in "Custodian III" duties may include supervising other custodian personnel;

     (34) "Director or coordinator of services" means an employee of a county board who is assigned to direct a department or division.

     (A) Nothing in this subdivision prohibits a professional person or a professional educator from holding this class title;

     (B) Professional personnel holding this class title may not be defined or classified as service personnel unless the professional person held a service personnel title under this section prior to holding the class title of "director or coordinator of services;"

     (C) The director or coordinator of services is classified either as a professional person or a service person for state aid formula funding purposes;

     (D) Funding for the position of director or coordinator of services is based upon the employment status of the director or coordinator either as a professional person or a service person; and

     (E) A person employed under the class title "director or coordinator of services" may not be exclusively assigned to perform the duties ascribed to any other class title as defined in this subsection: Provided, That nothing in this paragraph prohibits a person in this position from being multiclassified;

     (35) "Draftsman" means a person employed to plan, design and produce detailed architectural/engineering drawings;

     (36) "Early Childhood Classroom Assistant Teacher - Temporary Authorization" means a person who does not possess minimum requirements for the permanent authorization requirements, but is enrolled in and pursuing requirements;

     (37) "Early Childhood Classroom Assistant Teacher - Permanent Authorization" means a person who has completed the minimum requirements for a state-awarded certificate for early childhood classroom assistant teachers that meet or exceed the requirements for a child development associate. Equivalency for the West Virginia Department of Education will be determined as the child development associate or the West Virginia Apprenticeship for Child Development Specialists;

     (38) "Early Childhood Classroom Assistant Teacher - Paraprofessional Certificate" means a person who has completed permanent authorization requirements, as well as additional requirements comparable to current paraprofessional certificate;

     (39) "Educational Sign Language Interpreter I" means a person employed to provide communication access across all educational environments to students who are deaf or hard of hearing, and who holds the Initial Paraprofessional Certificate - Educational Interpreter pursuant to state board policy;

     (40) "Educational Sign Language Interpreter II" means a person employed to provide communication access across all educational environments to students who are deaf or hard of hearing, and who holds the Permanent Paraprofessional Certificate - Educational Interpreter pursuant to state board policy;

     (41) "Electrician I" means a person employed as an apprentice electrician helper or one who holds an electrician helper license issued by the State Fire Marshal;

     (42) "Electrician II" means a person employed as an electrician journeyman or one who holds a journeyman electrician license issued by the State Fire Marshal;

     (43) "Electronic technician I" means a person employed at the apprentice level to repair and maintain electronic equipment;

     (44) "Electronic technician II" means a person employed at the journeyman level to repair and maintain electronic equipment;

     (45) "Executive secretary" means a person employed as secretary to the county school superintendent or as a secretary who is assigned to a position characterized by significant administrative duties;

     (46) "Food services supervisor" means a qualified person who is not a professional person or professional educator as defined in section one, article one of this chapter. The food services supervisor is employed to manage and supervise a county school system's food service program. The duties include preparing in-service training programs for cooks and food service employees, instructing personnel in the areas of quantity cooking with economy and efficiency and keeping aggregate records and reports;

     (47) "Foreman" means a skilled person employed to supervise personnel who work in the areas of repair and maintenance of school property and equipment;

     (48) "General maintenance" means a person employed as a helper to skilled maintenance employees, and to perform minor repairs to equipment and buildings of a county school system;

     (49) "Glazier" means a person employed to replace glass or other materials in windows and doors and to do minor carpentry tasks;

     (50) "Graphic artist" means a person employed to prepare graphic illustrations;

     (51) "Groundsman" means a person employed to perform duties that relate to the appearance, repair and general care of school grounds in a county school system. Additional assignments may include the operation of a small heating plant and routine cleaning duties in buildings;

     (52) "Handyman" means a person employed to perform routine manual tasks in any operation of the county school system;

     (53) "Heating and air conditioning mechanic I" means a person employed at the apprentice level to install, repair and maintain heating and air conditioning plants and related electrical equipment;

     (54) "Heating and air conditioning mechanic II" means a person employed at the journeyman level to install, repair and maintain heating and air conditioning plants and related electrical equipment;

     (55) "Heavy equipment operator" means a person employed to operate heavy equipment;

     (56) "Inventory supervisor" means a person employed to supervise or maintain operations in the receipt, storage, inventory and issuance of materials and supplies;

     (57) "Key punch operator" means a qualified person employed to operate key punch machines or verifying machines;

     (58) "Licensed practical nurse" means a nurse, licensed by the West Virginia Board of Examiners for Licensed Practical Nurses, employed to work in a public school under the supervision of a school nurse;

     (59) "Locksmith" means a person employed to repair and maintain locks and safes;

     (60) "Lubrication man" means a person employed to lubricate and service gasoline or diesel-powered equipment of a county school system;

     (61) "Machinist" means a person employed to perform machinist tasks which include the ability to operate a lathe, planer, shader, threading machine and wheel press. A person holding this class title also should have the ability to work from blueprints and drawings;

     (62) "Mail clerk" means a person employed to receive, sort, dispatch, deliver or otherwise handle letters, parcels and other mail;

     (63) "Maintenance clerk" means a person employed to maintain and control a stocking facility to keep adequate tools and supplies on hand for daily withdrawal for all school maintenance crafts;

     (64) "Mason" means a person employed to perform tasks connected with brick and block laying and carpentry tasks related to these activities;

     (65) "Mechanic" means a person employed to perform skilled duties independently in the maintenance and repair of automobiles, school buses and other mechanical and mobile equipment to use in a county school system;

     (66) "Mechanic assistant" means a person employed as a mechanic apprentice and helper;

     (67) "Multiclassification" means a person employed to perform tasks that involve the combination of two or more class titles in this section. In these instances the minimum salary scale is the higher pay grade of the class titles involved;

     (68) "Office equipment repairman I" means a person employed as an office equipment repairman apprentice or helper;

     (69) "Office equipment repairman II" means a person responsible for servicing and repairing all office machines and equipment. A person holding this class title is responsible for the purchase of parts necessary for the proper operation of a program of continuous maintenance and repair;

     (70) "Painter" means a person employed to perform duties painting, finishing and decorating wood, metal and concrete surfaces of buildings, other structures, equipment, machinery and furnishings of a county school system;

     (71) "Paraprofessional" means a person certified pursuant to section two-a, article three of this chapter to perform duties in a support capacity including, but not limited to, facilitating in the instruction and direct or indirect supervision of students under the direction of a principal, a teacher or another designated professional educator.

     (A) A person employed on the effective date of this section in the position of an aide may not be subject to a reduction in force or transferred to create a vacancy for the employment of a paraprofessional;

     (B) A person who has held or holds an aide title and becomes employed as a paraprofessional shall hold a multiclassification status that includes both aide and paraprofessional titles in accordance with section eight-b of this article; and

     (C) When a service person who holds an aide title becomes certified as a paraprofessional and is required to perform duties that may not be performed by an aide without paraprofessional certification, he or she shall receive the paraprofessional title pay grade;

     (72) "Payroll supervisor" means a person employed in the county board office who has primary responsibility for the payroll function and who either has completed twelve college hours of accounting from an accredited institution of higher education or has at least eight years of experience performing progressively difficult accounting tasks. Responsibilities of this class title may include supervision of other personnel;

     (73) "Plumber I" means a person employed as an apprentice plumber and helper;

     (74) "Plumber II" means a person employed as a journeyman plumber;

     (75) "Printing operator" means a person employed to operate duplication equipment, and to cut, collate, staple, bind and shelve materials as required;

     (76) "Printing supervisor" means a person employed to supervise the operation of a print shop;

     (77) "Programmer" means a person employed to design and prepare programs for computer operation;

     (78) "Roofing/sheet metal mechanic" means a person employed to install, repair, fabricate and maintain roofs, gutters, flashing and duct work for heating and ventilation;

     (79) "Sanitation plant operator" means a person employed to operate and maintain a water or sewage treatment plant to ensure the safety of the plant's effluent for human consumption or environmental protection;

     (80) "School bus supervisor" means a qualified person:

     (A) Employed to assist in selecting school bus operators and routing and scheduling school buses, operate a bus when needed, relay instructions to bus operators, plan emergency routing of buses and promote good relationships with parents, students, bus operators and other employees; and

     (B) Certified to operate a bus or previously certified to operate a bus;

     (81) "Secretary I" means a person employed to transcribe from notes or mechanical equipment, receive callers, perform clerical tasks, prepare reports and operate office machines;

     (82) "Secretary II" means a person employed in any elementary, secondary, kindergarten, nursery, special education, vocational, or any other school as a secretary. The duties may include performing general clerical tasks; transcribing from notes; stenotype, mechanical equipment or a sound-producing machine; preparing reports; receiving callers and referring them to proper persons; operating office machines; keeping records and handling routine correspondence. Nothing in this subdivision prevents a service person from holding or being elevated to a higher classification;

     (83) "Secretary III" means a person assigned to the county board office administrators in charge of various instructional, maintenance, transportation, food services, operations and health departments, federal programs or departments with particular responsibilities in purchasing and financial control or any person who has served for eight years in a position which meets the definition of "secretary II" or "secretary III";

     (84) "Sign Support Specialist" means a person employed to provide sign supported speech assistance to students who are able to access environments through audition. A person who has held or holds an aide title and becomes employed as a sign support specialist shall hold a multi-classification status that includes both aide and sign support specialist titles, in accordance with section eight-b of this article.

     (85) "Supervisor of maintenance" means a skilled person who is not a professional person or professional educator as defined in section one, article one of this chapter. The responsibilities include directing the upkeep of buildings and shops, and issuing instructions to subordinates relating to cleaning, repairs and maintenance of all structures and mechanical and electrical equipment of a county board;

     (86) "Supervisor of transportation" means a qualified person employed to direct school transportation activities properly and safely, and to supervise the maintenance and repair of vehicles, buses and other mechanical and mobile equipment used by the county school system. After July 1, 2010, all persons employed for the first time in a position with this classification title or in a multi-classification position that includes this title shall have five years of experience working in the transportation department of a county board. Experience working in the transportation department consists of serving as a bus operator, bus aide, assistant mechanic, mechanic, chief mechanic or in a clerical position within the transportation department;

     (87) "Switchboard operator-receptionist" means a person employed to refer incoming calls, to assume contact with the public, to direct and to give instructions as necessary, to operate switchboard equipment and to provide clerical assistance;

     (88) "Truck driver" means a person employed to operate light or heavy duty gasoline and diesel-powered vehicles;

     (89) "Warehouse clerk" means a person employed to be responsible for receiving, storing, packing and shipping goods;

     (90) "Watchman" means a person employed to protect school property against damage or theft. Additional assignments may include operation of a small heating plant and routine cleaning duties;

     (91) "Welder" means a person employed to provide acetylene or electric welding services for a school system; and

     (92) "WVEIS data entry and administrative clerk" means a person employed to work under the direction of a school principal to assist the school counselor or counselors in the performance of administrative duties, to perform data entry tasks on the West Virginia Education Information System, and to perform other administrative duties assigned by the principal.

     

     (j) Notwithstanding any provision in this code to the contrary, and in addition to the compensation provided for service personnel in section eight-a of this article, each service person is entitled to all service personnel employee rights, privileges and benefits provided under this or any other chapter of this code without regard to the employee's hours of employment or the methods or sources of compensation.

     (k) A service person whose years of employment exceeds the number of years shown and provided for under the state minimum pay scale set forth in section eight-a of this article may not be paid less than the amount shown for the maximum years of employment shown and provided for in the classification in which he or she is employed.

     (l) Each county board shall review each service person's job classification annually and shall reclassify all service persons as required by the job classifications. The state superintendent may withhold state funds appropriated pursuant to this article for salaries for service personnel who are improperly classified by the county boards. Further, the state superintendent shall order a county board to correct immediately any improper classification matter and, with the assistance of the Attorney General, shall take any legal action necessary against any county board to enforce the order.

     (m) Without his or her written consent, a service person may not be:

     (1) Reclassified by class title; or

     (2) Relegated to any condition of employment which would result in a reduction of his or her salary, rate of pay, compensation or benefits earned during the current fiscal year; or for which he or she would qualify by continuing in the same job position and classification held during that fiscal year and subsequent years.

     (n) Any county board failing to comply with the provisions of this article may be compelled to do so by mandamus and is liable to any party prevailing against the board for court costs and the prevailing party's reasonable attorney fee, as determined and established by the court.

     (o) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, a service person who holds a continuing contract in a specific job classification and who is physically unable to perform the job's duties as confirmed by a physician chosen by the employee, shall be given priority status over any employee not holding a continuing contract in filling other service personnel job vacancies if the service person is qualified as provided in section eight-e of this article.

     (p) Any person employed in an aide position on the effective date of this section may not be transferred or subject to a reduction in force for the purpose of creating a vacancy for the employment of a licensed practical nurse.

     (q) Without the written consent of the service person, a county board may not establish the beginning work station for a bus operator or transportation aide at any site other than a county board-owned facility with available parking. The workday of the bus operator or transportation aide commences at the bus at the designated beginning work station and ends when the employee is able to leave the bus at the designated beginning work station, unless he or she agrees otherwise in writing. The application or acceptance of a posted position may not be construed as the written consent referred to in this subsection.

     (r) Itinerant status means a service person who does not have a fixed work site and may be involuntarily reassigned to another work site. A service person is considered to hold itinerant status if he or she has bid upon a position posted as itinerant or has agreed to accept this status. A county board may establish positions with itinerant status only within the aide and autism mentor classification categories and only when the job duties involve exceptional students. A service person with itinerant status may be assigned to a different work site upon written notice ten days prior to the reassignment without the consent of the employee and without posting the vacancy. A service person with itinerant status may be involuntarily reassigned no more than twice during the school year. At the conclusion of each school year, the county board shall post and fill, pursuant to section eight-b of this article, all positions that have been filled without posting by a service person with itinerant status. A service person who is assigned to a beginning and ending work site and travels at the expense of the county board to other work sites during the daily schedule, is not considered to hold itinerant status.

     (s) Any service person holding a classification title on June 30, 2013, that is removed from the classification schedule pursuant to amendment and reenactment of this section in the year 2013, has his or her employment contract revised as follows:

     (1) Any service person holding the Braille or Sign Language Specialist classification title has that classification title renamed on his or her employment contract as either Braille Specialist or Sign Support Specialist. This action does not result in a loss or reduction of salary or supplement by any employee. Any seniority earned in the Braille or Sign Language Specialist classification prior to July 1, 2013, continues to be credited as seniority earned in the Braille Specialist or Sign Support Specialist classification;

     (2) Any service person holding the Paraprofessional classification title and holding the Initial Paraprofessional Certificate - Educational Interpreter has the title Educational Sign Language Interpreter I added to his or her employment contract. This action does not result in a loss or reduction of salary or supplement by any employee. Any seniority earned in the Paraprofessional classification prior to July 1, 2013, continues to be credited as seniority earned in the Educational Sign Language Interpreter I classification; and

     (3) Any service person holding the Paraprofessional classification title and holding the Permanent Paraprofessional Certificate - Educational Interpreter has the title Educational Sign Language Interpreter II added to his or her employment contract. This action does not result in a loss or reduction of salary or supplement by any employee. Any seniority earned in the Paraprofessional classification prior to July 1, 2013, continues to be credited as seniority earned in the Educational Sign Language Interpreter II classification;
WVC 18 A- 4 - 8 A §18A-4-8a. Service personnel minimum monthly salaries.

     (a) The minimum monthly pay for each service employee shall be as follows:

     (1) Beginning July 1, 2011, and continuing thereafter, the minimum monthly pay for each service employee whose employment is for a period of more than three and one-half hours a day shall be at least the amounts indicated in the State Minimum Pay Scale Pay Grade and the minimum monthly pay for each service employee whose employment is for a period of three and one-half hours or less a day shall be at least one half the amount indicated in the State Minimum Pay Scale Pay Grade set forth in this subdivision.

STATE MINIMUM PAY SCALE PAY GRADE
Years                
Exp. Pay Grade
  A B C D E F G H
0 1,627 1,648 1,689 1,741 1,793 1,855 1,886 1,958
1 1,659 1,680 1,721 1,773 1,825 1,887 1,918 1,990
2 1,691 1,712 1,753 1,805 1,857 1,919 1,950 2,022
3 1,723 1,744 1,785 1,837 1,889 1,951 1,982 2,054
4 1,755 1,776 1,817 1,869 1,921 1,983 2,014 2,087
5 1,787 1,808 1,849 1,901 1,953 2,015 2,046 2,119
6 1,819 1,840 1,882 1,933 1,985 2,047 2,078 2,151
7 1,852 1,872 1,914 1,965 2,017 2,079 2,110 2,183
8 1,884 1,904 1,946 1,997 2,049 2,111 2,142 2,215
9 1,916 1,936 1,978 2,030 2,081 2,143 2,174 2,247
10 1,948 1,969 2,010 2,062 2,113 2,176 2,207 2,279
11 1,980 2,001 2,042 2,094 2,145 2,208 2,239 2,311
12 2,012 2,033 2,074 2,126 2,178 2,240 2,271 2,343
13 2,044 2,065 2,106 2,158 2,210 2,272 2,303 2,375
14 2,076 2,097 2,138 2,190 2,242 2,304 2,335 2,407
15 2,108 2,129 2,170 2,222 2,274 2,336 2,367 2,439
16 2,140 2,161 2,202 2,254 2,306 2,368 2,399 2,472
17 2,172 2,193 2,235 2,286 2,338 2,400 2,431 2,504
18 2,204 2,225 2,267 2,318 2,370 2,432 2,463 2,536
19 2,237 2,257 2,299 2,350 2,402 2,464 2,495 2,568
20 2,269 2,289 2,331 2,383 2,434 2,496 2,527 2,601
21 2,301 2,321 2,363 2,415 2,466 2,528 2,559 2,634
22 2,333 2,354 2,395 2,447 2,498 2,561 2,593 2,666
23 2,365 2,386 2,427 2,479 2,531 2,594 2,625 2,699
24 2,397 2,418 2,459 2,511 2,563 2,627 2,658 2,732
25 2,429 2,450 2,491 2,543 2,596 2,659 2,691 2,764
26 2,461 2,482 2,523 2,576 2,629 2,692 2,723 2,797
27 2,493 2,514 2,555 2,608 2,661 2,724 2,756 2,829
28 2,525 2,546 2,588 2,641 2,694 2,757 2,789 2,863
29 2,557 2,579 2,621 2,673 2,726 2,790 2,821 2,896
30 2,591 2,611 2,654 2,706 2,759 2,822 2,854 2,928
31 2,623 2,644 2,687 2,739 2,792 2,855 2,887 2,961
32 2,656 2,676 2,719 2,772 2,824 2,888 2,919 2,994
33 2,689 2,709 2,752 2,805 2,857 2,920 2,953 3,026
34 2,721 2,743 2,785 2,838 2,890 2,954 2,986 3,059
35 2,754 2,775 2,817 2,870 2,923 2,987 3,018 3,092
36 2,787 2,808 2,850 2,903 2,956 3,019 3,051 3,124
37 2,819 2,841 2,883 2,936 2,989 3,052 3,083 3,157
38 2,852 2,873 2,915 2,968 3,021 3,084 3,116 3,190
39 2,885 2,906 2,948 3,001 3,054 3,117 3,149 3,222
40 2,917 2,939 2,980 3,033 3,087 3,150 3,181 3,256

     (2) Each service employee shall receive the amount prescribed in the Minimum Pay Scale in accordance with the provisions of this subsection according to their class title and pay grade as set forth in this subdivision:

CLASS TITLE                                       PAY GRADE

Accountant I        D

Accountant II        E

Accountant III        F

Accounts Payable Supervisor        G

Aide I    A

Aide II   B

Aide III  C

Aide IV   D

Audiovisual Technician        C

Auditor   G

Autism Mentor        F

Braille Specialist        E

Bus Operator        D

Buyer     F

Cabinetmaker        G

Cafeteria Manager        D

Carpenter I        E

Carpenter II        F

Chief Mechanic        G

Clerk I   B

Clerk II  C

Computer Operator        E

Cook I    A

Cook II   B

Cook III  C

Crew Leader        F

Custodian I        A

Custodian II        B

Custodian III        C

Custodian IV        D

Director or Coordinator of Services        H

Draftsman D

Early Childhood Classroom Assistant Teacher - Temporary

Authorization        E

Early Childhood Classroom Assistant Teacher - Permanent

Authorization        E

Early Childhood Classroom Assistant Teacher - Paraprofessional

Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F

Educational Sign Language Interpreter I ................... F

Educational Sign Language Interpreter II .................. G

Electrician I        F

Electrician II        G

Electronic Technician I        F

Electronic Technician II        G

Executive Secretary        G

Food Services Supervisor        G

Foreman   G

General Maintenance        C

Glazier   D

Graphic Artist        D

Groundsman        B

Handyman  B

Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanic I        E

Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanic II        G

Heavy Equipment Operator        E

Inventory Supervisor        D

Key Punch Operator        B

Licensed Practical Nurse        F

Locksmith G

Lubrication Man        C

Machinist F

Mail Clerk        D

Maintenance Clerk        C

Mason     G

Mechanic  F

Mechanic Assistant        E

Office Equipment Repairman I        F

Office Equipment Repairman II        G

Painter   E

Paraprofessional        F

Payroll Supervisor        G

Plumber I E

Plumber II        G

Printing Operator        B

Printing Supervisor        D

Programmer        H

Roofing/Sheet Metal Mechanic        F

Sanitation Plant Operator        G

School Bus Supervisor        E

Secretary I        D

Secretary II        E

Secretary III        F

Sign Support Specialist .....................................E

Supervisor of Maintenance        H

Supervisor of Transportation        H

Switchboard Operator-Receptionist        D

Truck Driver        D

Warehouse Clerk        C

Watchman  B

Welder    F

WVEIS Data Entry and Administrative Clerk        B

     (b) An additional $12 per month is added to the minimum monthly pay of each service person who holds a high school diploma or its equivalent.

     (c) An additional $11 per month also is added to the minimum monthly pay of each service person for each of the following:

     (1) A service person who holds twelve college hours or comparable credit obtained in a trade or vocational school as approved by the state board;

     (2) A service person who holds twenty-four college hours or comparable credit obtained in a trade or vocational school as approved by the state board;

     (3) A service person who holds thirty-six college hours or comparable credit obtained in a trade or vocational school as approved by the state board;

     (4) A service person who holds forty-eight college hours or comparable credit obtained in a trade or vocational school as approved by the state board;

     (5) A service employee who holds sixty college hours or comparable credit obtained in a trade or vocational school as approved by the state board;

     (6) A service person who holds seventy-two college hours or comparable credit obtained in a trade or vocational school as approved by the state board;

     (7) A service person who holds eighty-four college hours or comparable credit obtained in a trade or vocational school as approved by the state board;

     (8) A service person who holds ninety-six college hours or comparable credit obtained in a trade or vocational school as approved by the state board;

     (9) A service person who holds one hundred eight college hours or comparable credit obtained in a trade or vocational school as approved by the state board;

     (10) A service person who holds one hundred twenty college hours or comparable credit obtained in a trade or vocational school as approved by the state board;

     (d) An additional $40 per month also is added to the minimum monthly pay of each service person for each of the following:

     (1) A service person who holds an associate's degree;

     (2) A service person who holds a bachelor's degree;

     (3) A service person who holds a master's degree;

     (4) A service person who holds a doctorate degree.

     (e) An additional $11 per month is added to the minimum monthly pay of each service person for each of the following:

     (1) A service person who holds a bachelor's degree plus fifteen college hours;

     (2) A service person who holds a master's degree plus fifteen college hours;

     (3) A service person who holds a master's degree plus thirty college hours;

     (4) A service person who holds a master's degree plus forty-five college hours; and

     (5) A service person who holds a master's degree plus sixty college hours.

     (f) To meet the objective of salary equity among the counties, each service person is paid an equity supplement, as set forth in section five of this article, of $152 per month, subject to the provisions of that section. These payments: (i) Are in addition to any amounts prescribed in the applicable State Minimum Pay Scale Pay Grade, any specific additional amounts prescribed in this section and article and any county supplement in effect in a county pursuant to section five-b of this article; (ii) is paid in equal monthly installments; and (iii) is considered a part of the state minimum salaries for service personnel.

     (g) When any part of a school service person's daily shift of work is performed between the hours of six o'clock p. m. and five o'clock a. m. the following day, the employee is paid no less than an additional $10 per month and one half of the pay is paid with local funds.

     (h) Any service person required to work on any legal school holiday is paid at a rate one and one-half times the person's usual hourly rate.

     (i) Any full-time service personnel required to work in excess of their normal working day during any week which contains a school holiday for which they are paid is paid for the additional hours or fraction of the additional hours at a rate of one and one-half times their usual hourly rate and paid entirely from county board funds.

     (j) A service person may not have his or her daily work schedule changed during the school year without the employee's written consent and the person's required daily work hours may not be changed to prevent the payment of time and one-half wages or the employment of another employee.

     (k) The minimum hourly rate of pay for extra duty assignments as defined in section eight-b of this article is no less than one seventh of the person's daily total salary for each hour the person is involved in performing the assignment and paid entirely from local funds: Provided, That an alternative minimum hourly rate of pay for performing extra duty assignments within a particular category of employment may be used if the alternate hourly rate of pay is approved both by the county board and by the affirmative vote of a two-thirds majority of the regular full-time persons within that classification category of employment within that county: Provided, however, That the vote is by secret ballot if requested by a service person within that classification category within that county. The salary for any fraction of an hour the employee is involved in performing the assignment is prorated accordingly. When performing extra duty assignments, persons who are regularly employed on a one-half day salary basis shall receive the same hourly extra duty assignment pay computed as though the person were employed on a full-day salary basis.

     (l) The minimum pay for any service personnel engaged in the removal of asbestos material or related duties required for asbestos removal is their regular total daily rate of pay and no less than an additional $3 per hour or no less than $5 per hour for service personnel supervising asbestos removal responsibilities for each hour these employees are involved in asbestos-related duties. Related duties required for asbestos removal include, but are not limited to, travel, preparation of the work site, removal of asbestos decontamination of the work site, placing and removal of equipment and removal of structures from the site. If any member of an asbestos crew is engaged in asbestos related duties outside of the employee's regular employment county, the daily rate of pay is no less than the minimum amount as established in the employee's regular employment county for asbestos removal and an additional $30 per each day the employee is engaged in asbestos removal and related duties. The additional pay for asbestos removal and related duties shall be payable entirely from county funds. Before service personnel may be used in the removal of asbestos material or related duties, they shall have completed a federal Environmental Protection Act approved training program and be licensed. The employer shall provide all necessary protective equipment and maintain all records required by the Environmental Protection Act.

     (m) For the purpose of qualifying for additional pay as provided in section eight, article five of this chapter, an aide is considered to be exercising the authority of a supervisory aide and control over pupils if the aide is required to supervise, control, direct, monitor, escort or render service to a child or children when not under the direct supervision of a certified professional person within the classroom, library, hallway, lunchroom, gymnasium, school building, school grounds or wherever supervision is required. For purposes of this section, "under the direct supervision of a certified professional person" means that certified professional person is present, with and accompanying the aide.
WVC 18 A- 4 - 8 B §18A-4-8b. Seniority rights for school service personnel.
(a) A county board shall make decisions affecting promotions and the filling of any service personnel positions of employment or jobs occurring throughout the school year that are to be performed by service personnel as provided in section eight of this article, on the basis of seniority, qualifications and evaluation of past service.

(b) Qualifications means the applicant holds a classification title in his or her category of employment as provided in this section and is given first opportunity for promotion and filling vacancies. Other employees then shall be considered and shall qualify by meeting the definition of the job title that relates to the promotion or vacancy, as defined in section eight of this article. If requested by the employee, the county board shall show valid cause why a service person with the most seniority is not promoted or employed in the position for which he or she applies. Qualified applicants shall be considered in the following order:

(1) Regularly employed service personnel who hold a classification title within the classification category of the vacancy;

(2) Service personnel who have held a classification title within the classification category of the vacancy whose employment has been discontinued in accordance with this section;

(3) Regularly employed service personnel who do not hold a classification title within the classification category of vacancy;

(4) Service personnel who have not held a classification title within the classification category of the vacancy and whose employment has been discontinued in accordance with this section;

(5) Substitute service personnel who hold a classification title within the classification category of the vacancy;

(6) Substitute service personnel who do not hold a classification title within the classification category of the vacancy; and

(7) New service personnel.

(c) The county board may not prohibit a service person from retaining or continuing his or her employment in any positions or jobs held prior to the effective date of this section and thereafter.

(d) A promotion means any change in employment that the service person considers to improve his or her working circumstance within the classification category of employment.

(1) A promotion includes a transfer to another classification category or place of employment if the position is not filled by an employee who holds a title within that classification category of employment.

(2) Each class title listed in section eight of this article is considered a separate classification category of employment for service personnel, except for those class titles having Roman numeral designations, which are considered a single classification of employment:

(A) The cafeteria manager class title is included in the same classification category as cooks;

(B) The executive secretary class title is included in the same classification category as secretaries;

(C) Paraprofessional, autism mentor and braille or sign language specialist class titles are included in the same classification category as aides; and

(D) The mechanic assistant and chief mechanic class titles are included in the same classification category as mechanics.

(3) The assignment of an aide to a particular position within a school is based on seniority within the aide classification category if the aide is qualified for the position.

(4) Assignment of a custodian to work shifts in a school or work site is based on seniority within the custodian classification category.

(e) For purposes of determining seniority under this section a service person's seniority begins on the date that he or she enters into the assigned duties.

(f) Extra-duty assignments. --

(1) For the purpose of this section, "extra-duty assignment" means an irregular job that occurs periodically or occasionally such as, but not limited to, field trips, athletic events, proms, banquets and band festival trips.

(2) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter to the contrary, decisions affecting service personnel with respect to extra-duty assignments are made in the following manner:

(A) A service person with the greatest length of service time in a particular category of employment is given priority in accepting extra duty assignments, followed by other fellow employees on a rotating basis according to the length of their service time until all employees have had an opportunity to perform similar assignments. The cycle then is repeated.

(B) An alternative procedure for making extra-duty assignments within a particular classification category of employment may be used if the alternative procedure is approved both by the county board and by an affirmative vote of two-thirds of the employees within that classification category of employment.

(g) County boards shall post and date notices of all job vacancies of existing or newly created positions in conspicuous places for all school service personnel to observe for at least five working days.

(1) Posting locations include any website maintained by or available for the use of the county board.

(2) Notice of a job vacancy shall include the job description, the period of employment, the work site, the starting and ending time of the daily shift, the amount of pay and any benefits and other information that is helpful to prospective applicants to understand the particulars of the job. The notice of a job vacancy in the aide classification categories shall include the program or primary assignment of the position. Job postings for vacancies made pursuant to this section shall be written to ensure that the largest possible pool of qualified applicants may apply. Job postings may not require criteria which are not necessary for the successful performance of the job and may not be written with the intent to favor a specific applicant.

(3) After the five-day minimum posting period, all vacancies shall be filled within twenty working days from the posting date notice of any job vacancies of existing or newly created positions.

(4) The county board shall notify any person who has applied for a job posted pursuant to this section of the status of his or her application as soon as possible after the county board makes a hiring decision regarding the posted position.

(h) All decisions by county boards concerning reduction in work force of service personnel shall be made on the basis of seniority, as provided in this section.

(i) The seniority of a service person is determined on the basis of the length of time the employee has been employed by the county board within a particular job classification. For the purpose of establishing seniority for a preferred recall list as provided in this section, a service person who has been employed in one or more classifications retains the seniority accrued in each previous classification.

(j) If a county board is required to reduce the number of service personnel within a particular job classification, the following conditions apply:

(1) The employee with the least amount of seniority within that classification or grades of classification is properly released and employed in a different grade of that classification if there is a job vacancy;

(2) If there is no job vacancy for employment within that classification or grades of classification, the service person is employed in any other job classification which he or she previously held with the county board if there is a vacancy and retains any seniority accrued in the job classification or grade of classification.

(k) After a reduction in force or transfer is approved, but prior to August 1, a county board in its sole and exclusive judgment may determine that the reason for any particular reduction in force or transfer no longer exists.

(1) If the board makes this determination, it shall rescind the reduction in force or transfer and notify the affected employee in writing of the right to be restored to his or her former position of employment.

(2) The affected employee shall notify the county board of his or her intent to return to the former position of employment within five days of being notified or lose the right to be restored to the former position.

(3) The county board may not rescind the reduction in force of an employee until all service personnel with more seniority in the classification category on the preferred recall list have been offered the opportunity for recall to regular employment as provided in this section.

(4) If there are insufficient vacant positions to permit reemployment of all more senior employees on the preferred recall list within the classification category of the service person who was subject to reduction in force, the position of the released service person shall be posted and filled in accordance with this section.

(l) If two or more service persons accumulate identical seniority, the priority is determined by a random selection system established by the employees and approved by the county board.

(m) All service personnel whose seniority with the county board is insufficient to allow their retention by the county board during a reduction in work force are placed upon a preferred recall list and shall be recalled to employment by the county board on the basis of seniority.

(n) A service person placed upon the preferred recall list shall be recalled to any position openings by the county board within the classification(s) where he or she had previously been employed, to any lateral position for which the service person is qualified or to a lateral area for which a service person has certification and/or licensure.

(o) A service person on the preferred recall list does not forfeit the right to recall by the county board if compelling reasons require him or her to refuse an offer of reemployment by the county board.

(p) The county board shall notify all service personnel on the preferred recall list of all position openings that exist from time to time. The notice shall be sent by certified mail to the last known address of the service person. Each service person shall notify the county board of any change of address.

(q) No position openings may be filled by the county board, whether temporary or permanent, until all service personnel on the preferred recall list have been properly notified of existing vacancies and have been given an opportunity to accept reemployment.

(r) A service person released from employment for lack of need as provided in sections six and eight-a, article two of this chapter is accorded preferred recall status on July 1 of the succeeding school year if he or she has not been reemployed as a regular employee.

(s) A county board failing to comply with the provisions of this article may be compelled to do so by mandamus and is liable to any party prevailing against the board for court costs and the prevailing party's reasonable attorney fee, as determined and established by the court.

(1) A service person denied promotion or employment in violation of this section shall be awarded the job, pay and any applicable benefits retroactively to the date of the violation and shall be paid entirely from local funds.

(2) The county board is liable to any party prevailing against the board for any court reporter costs including copies of transcripts.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 8 C §18A-4-8c. Seniority rights for personnel employed by multi- county vocational centers.

Professional and service personnel employed by a multi-county vocational center shall establish seniority on the basis of the length of time the employee has been employed by the multi-county vocational center, except that any professional or service personnel whose employment with the multi-county vocational center was immediately preceded by employment with one of the county boards participating in the operation of the center or whose employment contract was with one of the county boards participating in the operation of the center (1) shall retain any seniority accrued during employment by said county board; (2) shall accrue seniority as a regular employee with said county board during employment with the center; (3) shall attain continuing contract status with both the county and the center if the sum of the years employed by the county and the center equals the statutory number required for continuing contract status; and (4) shall retain and continue to accrue county and center seniority in the event of reemployment by said participating county as a result of direct transfer from the center or recall from the preferred list.

Reductions in work force in the center or employment by the center or county board shall be made in accordance with the provisions of sections seven-a and eight-b of this article: Provided, That only years of employment within the multi-county vocational center shall be considered for purposes of reduction in force within the center.

The seniority conferred herein shall apply retroactively to all affected professional and service personnel, but the rights incidental thereto shall commence as of the effective date of this section.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 8 D §18A-4-8d. Consolidation of services and seniority rights for administrative personnel.

Where two or more counties join together to share the services of central office administrative personnel, any employee whose services are no longer needed by virtue of such sharing may have his or her contract terminated for lack of need, as provided in sections two and six, article two of this chapter, notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary. Any employee whose contract is so terminated shall be afforded all rights pursuant to section eight-b of this article.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 8 E §18A-4-8e. Competency testing for service personnel; and recertification testing for bus operators.

     (a) The State Board shall develop and make available competency tests for all of the classification titles defined in section eight of this article and listed in section eight-a of this article for service personnel. Each classification title defined and listed is considered a separate classification category of employment for service personnel and has a separate competency test, except for those class titles having Roman numeral designations, which are considered a single classification of employment and have a single competency test.

     (1) The cafeteria manager class title is included in the same classification category as cooks and has the same competency test.

     (2) The executive secretary class title is included in the same classification category as secretaries and has the same competency test.

     (3) The classification titles of chief mechanic, mechanic and assistant mechanic are included in one classification title and have the same competency test.

     (b) The purpose of these tests is to provide county boards a uniform means of determining whether school service personnel who do not hold a classification title in a particular category of employment meet the definition of the classification title in another category of employment as defined in section eight of this article. Competency tests may not be used to evaluate employees who hold the classification title in the category of their employment.

     (c) The competency test consists of an objective written or performance test, or both. Applicants may take the written test orally if requested. Oral tests are recorded mechanically and kept on file. The oral test is administered by persons who do not know the applicant personally.

     (1) The performance test for all classifications and categories other than bus operator is administered by an employee of the county board or an employee of a multicounty vocational school that serves the county at a location designated by the superintendent and approved by the board. The location may be a vocational school that serves the county.

     (2) A standard passing score is established by the state Department of Education for each test and is used by county boards.

     (3) The subject matter of each competency test is commensurate with the requirements of the definitions of the classification titles as provided in section eight of this article. The subject matter of each competency test is designed in such a manner that achieving a passing grade does not require knowledge and skill in excess of the requirements of the definitions of the classification titles. Achieving a passing score conclusively demonstrates the qualification of an applicant for a classification title.

     (4) Once an employee passes the competency test of a classification title, the applicant is fully qualified to fill vacancies in that classification category of employment as provided in section eight-b of this article and may not be required to take the competency test again.

     (d) An applicant who fails to achieve a passing score is given other opportunities to pass the competency test when applying for another vacancy within the classification category.

     (e) Competency tests are administered to applicants in a uniform manner under uniform testing conditions. County boards are responsible for scheduling competency tests, notifying applicants of the date and time of the one day of training prior to taking the test, and the date and time of the test. County boards may not use a competency test other than the test authorized by this section.

     (f) When scheduling of the competency test conflicts with the work schedule of a school employee who has applied for a vacancy, the employee is excused from work to take the competency test without loss of pay.

     (g) A minimum of one day of appropriate in-service training is provided to employees to assist them in preparing to take the competency tests.

     (h) Competency tests are used to determine the qualification of new applicants seeking initial employment in a particular classification title as either a regular or substitute employee.

     (I) Notwithstanding any provisions in this code to the contrary, once an employee holds or has held a classification title in a category of employment, that employee is considered qualified for the classification title even though that employee no longer holds that classification.

     (j) The requirements of this section do not alter the definitions of class titles as provided in section eight of this article or the procedure and requirements of section eight-b of this article.

     (k) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary and notwithstanding any rules of the School Board concerning school bus operator certification, the certification test for school bus operators shall be required as follows, and school bus operators may not be required to take the certification test more frequently:

     (1) For substitute school bus operators and for school bus operators with regular employee status but on a probationary contract, the certification test shall be administered annually;

     (2) For school bus operators with regular employee status and continuing contract status, the certification test shall be administered triennially; and

     (3) For substitute school bus operators who are retired from a county board and who at the time of retirement had ten years of experience as a regular full-time bus operator, the certification test shall be administered triennially.

     (4) School bus operator certificate. --

     (A) A school bus operator certificate may be issued to a person who has attained the age of twenty-one, completed the required training set forth in State Board rule, and met the physical requirements and other criteria to operate a school bus set forth in State Board rule.

     (B) The State Superintendent may, after ten days' notice and upon proper evidence, revoke the certificate of any bus operator for any of the following causes:

     (i) Intemperance, untruthfulness, cruelty or immorality;

     (ii) Conviction of or guilty plea or plea of no contest to a felony charge;

     (iii) Conviction of or guilty plea or plea of no contest to any charge involving sexual misconduct with a minor or a student;

     (iv) Just and sufficient cause for revocation as specified by State Board rule; and

     (v) Using fraudulent, unapproved or insufficient credit to obtain the certificates.

     (vi) Of the causes for certificate revocation listed in this paragraph (B), the following causes constitute grounds for revocation only if there is a rational nexus between the conduct of the bus operator and the performance of the job:

     (I) Intemperance, untruthfulness, cruelty or immorality;

     (II) Just and sufficient cause for revocation as specified by State Board rule; and

     (III) Using fraudulent, unapproved or insufficient credit to obtain the certificate.

     (C) The certificate of a bus operator may not be revoked for either of the following unless it can be proven by clear and convincing evidence that the bus operator has committed one of the offenses listed in this subsection and his or her actions render him or her unfit to operate a school bus:

     (i) Any matter for which the bus operator was disciplined, less than dismissal, by the employing county board; or

     (ii) Any matter for which the bus operator is meeting or has met an improvement plan determined by the county board.

     (D) The State Superintendent shall designate a review panel to conduct hearings on certificate revocations or denials and make recommendations for action by the State Superintendent. The State Board, after consultation with employee organizations representing school service personnel, shall promulgate a rule to establish the review panel membership and composition, method of appointment, governing principles and meeting schedule.

     (E) It is the duty of any county superintendent who knows of any acts on the part of a bus operator for which a certificate may be revoked in accordance with this section to report the same, together with all the facts and evidence, to the State Superintendent for such action as in the State Superintendent's judgment may be proper.

     (F) If a certificate has been granted through an error, oversight or misinformation, the State Superintendent may recall the certificate and make such corrections as will conform to the requirements of law and State Board rules.

     (5) The State Board shall promulgate in accordance with article three-b, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, revised rules in compliance with this subsection.
WVC 18 A- 4 - 8 F §18A-4-8f. Seniority rights, school consolidation.
(a) Notwithstanding any provision of this article to the contrary, when a majority of the classroom teachers or school service personnel, who vote to do so, in accordance with procedures established in this section, and who are employed by a county board, the board shall give priority to classroom teachers or school service personnel in any school or schools to be closed as a result of a consolidation or merger when filling positions in the new school created by consolidation or newly created positions in existing schools as a result of the merger.

(b) Each year a consolidation or merger is proposed, prior to the implementation of that plan, the superintendent shall cause to be prepared and distributed to all faculty senates and to all schools or other work sites a ballot on which teachers and service personnel may indicate whether or not they desire those affected by school closings to be given priority status in filling new positions. A secret ballot election shall be conducted:

(1) In each faculty senate for classroom teachers. The faculty senate chair shall convey the results of the election to the superintendent; and

(2) At each school or work site for school service personnel. The service personnel supervisor at each school or work site shall convey the results of the election to the superintendent.

(c) The superintendent shall tabulate and post all results prior to the notice requirements for reduction in force and transfer as outlined in sections two and seven, article two of this chapter. The total number of votes shall be tabulated separately for classroom teachers and for service personnel. The provisions of this section also shall be implemented separately as follows:

(1) For classroom teachers only if a majority of the total number of teachers who cast a ballot vote to do so; and

(2) For school service personnel only if a majority of the total number of service personnel who cast a ballot vote to do so.

(d) If a majority approves, the teachers or school service personnel in the school or schools to be closed have priority in filling new positions in the new or merged schools for which the teachers are certified or for which the school service personnel are qualified and meet the standards set forth in the job posting on the basis of seniority within the county. A teacher or school service person may receive priority for filling a position at a school affected by a merger or consolidation only for the position being created by the influx of students from a consolidated or merged school into the school receiving students from their closed school or grade level.

(1) The most senior teacher from the closed school or schools shall be placed first, the second most senior shall be placed next and so on until all the newly created positions are filled, or until all the teachers in the closed school or schools who wish to transfer into the newly created positions are placed.

(2) The most senior service person from the closed school or schools has priority in filling any position within his or her classification category. The second most senior service person from the closed school or schools then has priority in filling remaining vacancies and so on until all available positions are filled.

(3) If there are fewer new positions in the newly created school or merged school than there are classroom teachers or school service personnel from the school or schools to be closed, the teachers or school service personnel who were not placed in the new positions retain the same rights as all other teachers or service personnel with regard to seniority, transfer and reduction in force.

(4) This section does not grant any employee additional rights or protections with regard to reduction in force.

(e) For the purposes of this section only:

(1) A consolidation means that one or more schools are closed, or one or more grade levels are removed from one or more schools, and the students who previously attended the closed schools or grade levels are assigned to a new school.

(2) A merger means that one or more schools are closed or one or more grade levels are removed from one or more schools and the students who previously attended the closed schools or grade levels are assigned to another existing school.

(f) The provisions of this section do not apply to positions that are filled by a county board prior to the effective date of this section, as reenacted during the regular session of the Legislature, two thousand seven.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 8 G §18A-4-8g. Determination of seniority for service personnel.
(a) Seniority accumulation for a regular school service person:

(1) Begins on the date the employee enters upon regular employment duties pursuant to a contract as provided in section five, article two of this chapter;

(2) Continues until the service person's employment as a regular employee is severed with the county board; and

(3) Does not cease to accumulate when the county board has authorized an absence whether without pay or due to illness or other reason over which the employee has no control.

(b) Seniority accumulation for a substitute service person:

(1) Begins on the date the employee enters upon the duties of a substitute as provided in section fifteen of this article, after executing with the county board a contract of employment as provided in section five, article two of this chapter; and

(2) Continues until the employee enters into the duties of a regular employment contract as provided in section five, article two of this chapter; or employment as a substitute service person with the county board is severed.

(c) Seniority of a regular or substitute service person does not continue to accumulate under the following conditions:

(1) When a service person is willfully absent from employment duties because of a concerted work stoppage or strike; or

(2) When a service person is suspended without pay.

(d) For all purposes including the filling of vacancies and reduction in force, seniority shall be accumulated within particular classification categories of employment as those classification categories are referred to in section eight-e of this article.

(e) When implementing a reduction in force, the service person with the least seniority within a particular classification category shall be properly released and placed on the preferred recall list. The particular classification title held by a service person within the classification category may not be considered when implementing a reduction in force.

(f) On or before the first day of September and the fifteenth day of January of each school year, county boards shall post at each county school or working station the current seniority list or lists of each service personnel classification. Each list shall contain the name of each regularly employed school service person employed in each classification and the date that each employee began performing his or her assigned duties in each classification. Current seniority lists of substitute school service personnel shall be available to employees upon request at the county board office.

(g) The seniority of a service person who transfers out of a class title or classification category of employment and subsequently returns to that class title or classification category of employment is calculated as follows:

(1) The county board shall establish the number of calendar days between the date the service person left the class title or category of employment in question and the date of return to the class title or classification category of employment.

(2) This number of days shall be added to the service person's initial seniority date to establish a new beginning seniority date within the class title or classification category.

(3) The service person then shall be considered as having held uninterrupted service within the class title or classification category from the newly established seniority date.

The seniority of an employee who has had a break in the accumulation of seniority as a result of being willfully absent from employment duties because of a concerted work stoppage or strike shall be calculated in the same manner.

(h) Beginning on the first day of July, two thousand seven, a substitute school service person shall acquire regular employment status, but not regular employee job bidding rights or regular seniority, if the employee receives a position pursuant to the leave of absence or suspension provisions of subdivisions (2) and (5), subsection (a), section fifteen of this article.

(1) A substitute service person shall accumulate substitute employee seniority while holding a position acquired pursuant to subsections (2) and (5).

(2) Upon termination of the regular service person's leave of absence or suspension, the substitute service person shall return to the status previously held.

(3) County boards are not prohibited from providing any benefits of regular employment for substitute service personnel, but the benefits may not include regular service personnel employee status or seniority.

(i) If two or more service personnel accumulate identical seniority, the priority shall be determined by a random selection system established by the service personnel and approved by the county board.

(1) A board shall conduct the random selection within thirty days of the time the service personnel establish an identical seniority date. All service personnel with an identical seniority date within the same class title or classification category shall participate in the random selection.

(2) As long as the affected employees hold identical seniority within the same classification category, the initial random selection conducted by the board shall be permanent for the duration of the employment within the same classification category of the employees by the board. This random selection priority applies to the filling of vacancies and to the reduction in force of school service personnel.

(3) If any other service person subsequently acquires seniority identical to the employees involved in the original random selection, a second random selection shall be held within thirty days to determine the seniority ranking of the new employee within the group.

(A) The priority between the employees who participated in the original random selection remains the same.

(B) The second random selection is performed by placing numbered pieces of paper equal to the number of employees with identical seniority in a container. Any service person who was not involved in the original random selection shall draw a number from the container which will determine his or her seniority within the group as a whole.

(C) This process will be repeated if any additional service person subsequently acquires identical seniority.

(D) The same process shall be used if any additional service person is subsequently discovered to have the same seniority as the original group of employees but who did not participate in the original random selection due to oversight or mistake.

(j) Service personnel who are employed in a classification category of employment at the time when a vacancy is posted in the same classification category of employment shall be given first opportunity to fill the vacancy.

(k) Seniority acquired as a substitute service person and as a regular service person shall be calculated separately and may not be combined for any purpose. Seniority acquired within different classification categories shall be calculated separately. If a school service employee applies for a position outside of the classification category he or she currently holds, and if the vacancy is not filled by an applicant within the classification category of the vacancy, the applicant shall combine all regular employment seniority acquired for the purpose of bidding on the position.

(l) A school service person who holds a multiclassification title accrues seniority in each classification category of employment that the employee holds and is considered an employee of each classification category contained within his or her multiclassification title. A multiclassified service person is subject to reduction in force in any category of employment contained within his or her multiclassification title, based upon the seniority accumulated within that category of employment. If a multiclassified service person is subject to a reduction in force in one classification category, the service person retains employment in any of the other classification categories that he or she holds within his or her multiclassification title. In that case, the county board shall delete the appropriate classification title or classification category from the contract of the multiclassified employee.

(m) When applying to fill a vacancy outside the classification categories held by a multiclassified service person, seniority acquired simultaneously in different classification categories is calculated as if accrued in one classification category only.

(n) The seniority conferred in this section applies retroactively to all affected school service personnel, but the rights incidental to the seniority commence as of the effective date of this section.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 8 H §18A-4-8h. Limitation on number of school service personnel positions to be held by an employee.

Upon the effective date of this section, no school service personnel shall be permitted to become employed in more than one regular full-day position, nor more than two one-half day positions at the same time: Provided, That nothing herein shall be construed to prohibit a school service personnel from holding an extracurricular assignment or assignments, as provided in section sixteen of this article, or summer positions, as provided in section thirty-nine, article five, chapter eighteen of this code, nor from performing extra-duty assignments, as provided in section eight-b of this article, in addition to his or her regular position.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 8 I §18A-4-8i. Seniority rights for professional educators and school service personnel in cases of intercounty transfer arrangements.

Notwithstanding any other provisions of this code to the contrary, if students are required to attend school in a county other than the county of their residence as a result of an intercounty transfer arrangement, then the following terms, rules and procedures shall apply:

(a) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings:

(1) "Intercounty transfer arrangement" means those cases in which students are required to attend school in a county other than the county of their residence;

(2) "Receiving county" means the county, other than the county of residence, where students are required to attend school; and

(3) "Sending county" means the county of residence of students involved in intercounty transfer arrangements.

(b) The state board shall determine the number of professional educator and school service personnel positions to be created in facilities receiving students or in any facility affected by an intercounty transfer arrangement. The state board shall prepare a certified list of positions and shall provide the list to both the sending and receiving counties involved in the intercounty transfer arrangement.

(c) The state board shall prepare a certified list containingthe names and seniority of the professional educators and service personnel in the sending county whose employment has been terminated as a result of an intercounty transfer arrangement. Those eligible to appear on the certified list shall be limited to the following classifications of employees:

(1) Those persons whose positions were eliminated as a direct result of an intercounty transfer arrangement and: (i) Who choose not to exercise their right to displace another employee with lesser seniority; or (ii) whose seniority is insufficient to allow them to displace other employees; and

(2) Those persons, as determined by the state board, who would have retained a position with the sending county if the intercounty transfer arrangement had not occurred.

(d) The receiving county may not fill any position on the list of positions created pursuant to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section until the receiving county has received the list of employees created pursuant to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section. When the receiving county has been provided copies of both the certified list of positions and the certified list of employees, the receiving county shall begin filling the vacancies by selecting employees from the certified list. In filling these positions, the receiving county shall comply with all provisions of law relevant to the filling of professional educator or service personnel vacancies.

(e) For the remainder of the school year immediately followingthe effective date of an intercounty transfer arrangement, but in no case less than six months, the receiving county may fill positions on the certified list of positions only by selecting employees from the certified list of employees.

(f) For the purposes of this section only, professional educators and service personnel whose names appear on the certified list of employees created pursuant to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section and who are hired by the county board of the receiving county shall accrue seniority in both the sending and the receiving counties during the time in which they continue to be employed by the county board of the receiving county.

(g) The state board shall promulgate legislative rules to implement the provisions of this section pursuant to the provisions of article three-b, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code. The rules shall be filed with the office of the secretary of state no later than the first day of October, one thousand nine hundred ninety-seven.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 9 §18A-4-9. Payment of teachers and other employees; withholdings.

Teachers and all other employees whose salaries or wages are payable out of the school current fund shall be paid for their services by orders duly signed by the president and secretary of the board in accordance with the following provisions: Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter and chapter eighteen, the number of pays to be made during the school year to the various classes of employees shall be determined by the board: Provided, That the sum of such pays for any employee does not exceed the equivalent of an annual salary based upon twelve calendar months. In the event a teacher or other employee is not paid the full salary or wage earned in the fiscal year in which the work is performed, the unpaid amount may be paid during July and August of the following fiscal year. Adjustments for time loss due to absence may be made in the next paycheck following such time loss.

The county board may withhold the pay of any teacher or employee until he has made the reports required by the board or the state superintendent.

Accompanying the pay of each employee shall be an accounting of gross earnings, all withholdings and the dollar value of all benefits provided by the state on behalf of the employee.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 10 §18A-4-10. Personal leave for illness and other causes; leave banks; substitutes.
(a) Personal Leave.

(1) At the beginning of the employment term, any full-time employee of a county board is entitled annually to at least one and one-half days personal leave for each employment month or major fraction thereof in the employee's employment term. Unused leave shall be accumulative without limitation and is transferable within the state. A change in job assignment during the school year does not affect the employee's rights or benefits.

(2) A regular full-time employee who is absent from assigned duties due to accident, sickness, death in the immediate family, or life threatening illness of the employee's spouse, parents or child, or other cause authorized or approved by the board, shall be paid the full salary from his or her regular budgeted salary appropriation during the period which the employee is absent, but not to exceed the total amount of leave to which the employee is entitled.

(3) Each employee is permitted to use three days of leave annually without regard to the cause for the absence. Personal leave without cause may not be used on consecutive work days unless authorized or approved by the employee's principal or immediate supervisor, as appropriate. The employee shall give notice of leave without cause to the principal or immediate supervisor at least twenty-four hours in advance, except that in the case of sudden and unexpected circumstances, notice shall be given as soon as reasonably practicable. The principal or immediate supervisor may deny use of the day if, at the time notice is given, either fifteen percent of the employees or three employees, whichever is greater, under the supervision of the principal or immediate supervisor, have previously given notice of their intention to use that day for leave. Personal leave may not be used in connection with a concerted work stoppage or strike. Where the cause for leave originated prior to the beginning of the employment term, the employee shall be paid for time lost after the start of the employment term. If an employee uses personal leave which the employee has not yet accumulated on a monthly basis and subsequently leaves the employment, the employee is required to reimburse the board for the salary or wages paid for the unaccumulated leave.

(4) The State Board shall maintain a rule to restrict the payment of personal leave benefits and the charging of personal leave time used to an employee receiving a workers' compensation benefit from a claim filed against and billed to the county board by which the person is employed. If an employee is awarded this benefit, the employee shall receive personal leave compensation only to the extent the compensation is required, when added to the workers' compensation benefit, to equal the amount of compensation regularly paid the employee. If personal leave compensation equal to the employee's regular pay is paid prior to the award of the workers' compensation benefit, the amount which, when added to the benefit, is in excess of the employee's regular pay shall be deducted from the employee's subsequent pay. The employee's accrued personal leave days shall be charged only for such days as equal the amount of personal leave compensation required to compensate the employee at the employee's regular rate of pay.

(5) The county board may establish reasonable rules for reporting and verification of absences for cause. If any error in reporting absences occurs, the county board may make necessary salary adjustments:

(A) In the next pay after the employee has returned to duty; or

(B) In the final pay if the absence occurs during the last month of the employment term.

(b) Leave Banks.

(1) Each county board shall establish a personal leave bank that is available to all school personnel. The board may establish joint or separate banks for professional personnel and school service personnel. Each employee may contribute up to two days of personal leave per school year. An employee may not be coerced or compelled to contribute to a personal leave bank.

(2) The personal leave bank shall be established and operated pursuant to a rule adopted by the county board. The rule:

(A) May limit the maximum number of days used by an employee;

(B) Shall limit the use of leave bank days to an active employee with fewer than five days accumulated personal leave who is absent from work due to accident or illness of the employee; and

(C) Shall prohibit the use of days to:

(i) Qualify for or add to service for any retirement system administered by the state; or

(ii) Extend insurance coverage pursuant to section thirteen, article sixteen, chapter five of this code.

(D) Shall require that each personal leave day contributed:

(i) Is deducted from the number of personal leave days to which the donor employee is entitled by this section;

(ii) Is not deducted from the personal leave days without cause to which a donor employee is entitled if sufficient general personal leave days are otherwise available to the donor employee;

(iii) Is credited to the receiving employee as one full personal leave day;

(iv) May not be credited for more or less than a full day by calculating the value of the leave according to the hourly wage of each employee; and

(v) May be used only for an absence due to the purpose for which the leave was transferred. Any transferred days remaining when the catastrophic medical emergency ends revert back to the leave bank.

(3) The administration, subject to county board approval, may use its discretion as to the need for a substitute where limited absence may prevail, when an allowable absence does not:

(i) Directly affect the instruction of the students; or

(ii) Require a substitute employee because of the nature of the work and the duration of the cause for the absence.

(4) If funds in any fiscal year, including transfers, are insufficient to pay the full cost of substitutes for meeting the provisions of this section, the remainder shall be paid on or before the thirty-first day of August from the budget of the next fiscal year.

(5) A county board may supplement the leave provisions in any manner it considers advisable in accordance with applicable rules of the State Board and the provisions of this chapter and chapter eighteen of this code.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 10 A §18A-4-10a. Bonus for unused days of personal leave.

County boards of education are authorized to pay to their employees or to defined groups thereof, for the purpose of reducing absenteeism, a bonus at the end of an employment term for each unused day of personal leave accumulated by the employee during that employment term.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 10 B §18A-4-10b. Demonstration of exemplary teaching techniques.

The Legislature recognizes that the nature of teaching restricts the interaction of teachers in the classroom and their opportunity to observe exemplary instructional techniques of their colleagues. To facilitate a process for sharing successful pedagogy, the state board, through regional educational service agencies, shall develop a process to record and distribute exemplary teaching techniques by any electronic means available.

The teachers at any school within a regional educational service agency may nominate by consensus one teacher per year from that school whose teaching techniques they believe to be exemplary. Such nomination shall be completed no later than the first day of January in any school year. Upon such nomination, the principal shall arrange through the regional educational service agency for the recording of that teacher's exemplary teaching techniques. Following completion of such recording, the regional educational service agency shall make arrangements and schedule a date and location for those teachers whose teaching techniques were recorded to review the teaching techniques recorded in the region and determine which best demonstrate exemplary teaching techniques in different subject areas. Teachers whose recorded teaching techniques are selected shall receive a bonus equal to the highest average two-day pay for a teacher in the region.

The state board shall compile the recorded teaching techniques selected by the teachers, produce copies of the recording and provide a method for distribution on a statewide and regional basis.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 10 C §18A-4-10c. Personal leave banks for care givers.
(a) For the purposes of this section:

(1) "Care giver" means any employee of a county board who:

(A) Is a spouse, child or parent of any employee who meets the following qualifications:

(i) He or she is an employee of the same county board of education as the care giver; and

(ii) He or she currently is eligible to receive benefits from the personal leave bank established in section ten of this article; or

(B) Is a parent of a dependent child who is suffering from a catastrophic illness or injury;

(2) "Catastrophic illness or injury" means a medical or physical condition that incapacitates a family member of the care giver and results in the care giver being required to take time off from work as defined by the rules of the board to care for the family member.

(b) A county board of education may establish a personal leave bank for care givers which is separate from any personal leave bank as defined in section ten of this article. The personal leave bank shall be operated pursuant to rules adopted by the county board which shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

(1) An employee may contribute no more than two days of personal leave per school year;

(2) The bank shall be established either jointly or separately for both professional personnel and school service personnel and shall be available to all school personnel;

(3) The rules may limit the maximum number of days used by a care giver;

(4) Where the care giver is caring for an absent employee as defined in paragraph (A), subdivision (1), subsection (a) of this section, the rules shall require that leave bank days be used only by a care giver who is absent from work during the same time period as the absent employee for whom care is being provided; and

(5) The rules shall require that the care giver is an active employee with less than five days accumulated personal leave.

(c) The use of these days by the care giver for the extension of insurance coverage pursuant to section twelve, article sixteen, chapter five of this code is prohibited.

(d) Contributions shall reduce, to the extent of the contribution, the number of personal leave days to which a contributing employee is entitled by section ten of this article: Provided, That the employee's contribution may not reduce the number of entitled personal leave days without cause.

(e) No employee may be compelled to contribute to a personal leave bank.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 10 D §18A-4-10d. Use of personal leave days by surviving spouse in certain circumstances.
(a) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings:

(1) "Surviving spouse" means an employee of a county board whose spouse was also employed by the same county board at the time of his or her death; and

(2) "Deceased spouse" means a person who, at the time of his or her death, was employed by the same board of education as his or her spouse.

(b) Beginning the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety-nine, a county board of education may credit a surviving spouse with any or all personal leave days to which the deceased spouse was entitled at the time of the death of the deceased spouse.

(c) The provisions of this section only shall apply if all the following conditions are met:

(1) Both spouses were employed by the same county board of education at the time of the death of the deceased spouse;

(2) The deceased spouse had unused personal leave days which he or she was entitled to use;

(3) The surviving spouse is an active employee with less than five days accumulated personal leave;

(4) The death of the deceased spouse was by accident;

(5) It is determined by the county board, on evidence provided by a licensed physician, that the surviving spouse is physically disabled to work at the position held by the surviving spouse; and

(6) It is determined by the county board that the cause of the disability to the surviving spouse arose from the same accident that resulted in the death of the deceased spouse.

(d) The county board periodically shall review the status of the surviving spouse and, upon a determination of the county board that the surviving spouse is able to work at his or her assigned position, any personal leave days credited to the surviving spouse pursuant to the terms of this section shall be extinguished.

(e) Personal leave days credited to the surviving spouse pursuant to this section may be used only for the purposes of this section and may not be used for any other purpose, including, but not limited to, the enhancement of retirement or health insurance benefits.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 10 F §18A-4-10f. Leave donation program.
(a) Definitions.

For the purposes of this section and section ten of this article, the following words have the meanings specified unless the context clearly indicates a different meaning:

(1) "Catastrophic medical emergency" means a medical or physical condition that:

(A) Incapacitates an employee or an immediate family member for whom the employee will provide care;

(B) Is likely to require the prolonged absence of the employee from duty; and

(C) Will result in a substantial loss of income to the employee because the employee:

(i) Has exhausted all accrued personal leave; and

(ii) Is not eligible to receive personal leave or has exhausted personal leave available from a leave bank established pursuant to this article;

(2) "Employee" means a professional educator or school service person who is employed by a county board and entitled to accrue personal leave as a benefit of employment;

(3) "Donor employee" means a professional educator or school service person employed by a county board who voluntarily contributes personal leave to another designated employee; and

(4) "Receiving employee" means a professional educator or school service person employed by a county board who receives donated personal leave from another employee.

(b) Leave donation program.

(1) In addition to any personal leave bank established pursuant to this article, a county board shall establish a leave donation program pursuant to which a donor employee may transfer accrued personal leave to the personal leave account of another designated employee.

(2) A county board:

(A) May not limit the number of personal leave days a donor employee may transfer to a receiving employee who is his or her spouse;

(B) May not limit the total number of personal leave days a receiving employee receives; and

(C) May limit the number of days a donor employee transfers to a receiving employee who is not his or her spouse.

(c) Rule.

(1) The county board shall adopt a rule to implement the program.

(2) The rule shall set forth at least the following conditions:

(A) The donor employee voluntarily agrees to the leave transfer;

(B) The donor employee selects the employee designated to receive the personal leave transferred; and

(C) The receiving employee requires additional personal leave because of a catastrophic medical emergency;

(D) The donated leave may not be used to:

(i) Qualify for or add to service for any retirement system administered by the state; or

(ii) Extend insurance coverage pursuant to section thirteen, article sixteen, chapter five of this code;

(E) Each personal leave day contributed:

(i) Shall be deducted from the number of personal leave days to which the donor employee is entitled by section ten of this article;

(ii) Shall not be deducted from the number of personal leave days without cause to which the donor employee is entitled if sufficient general personal leave days are otherwise available to the donor employee;

(iii) Shall be credited to the receiving employee as one full personal leave day;

(iv) May not be credited for more or less than a full day by calculating the value of the leave according to the hourly wage of each employee; and

(v) May be used only for an absence due to the purpose for which the leave was transferred. Any transferred days remaining when the catastrophic medical emergency ends revert back to the donor employee; and

(F) An employee may not be coerced or compelled to contribute to a leave donation program.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 11 §18A-4-11. Group insurance.
Whenever a majority of the full-time instructional and administrative employees of a county or state board of education, or a majority of the full-time nonteaching employees of such board shall indicate in writing to the board of education that it has adopted a group plan or plans of insurance for life, health and accident, hospitalization or surgery insurance, or death benefit plan on a group basis, and such majority has selected a licensed insurance company or companies duly licensed to do business in this state to write or provide for any one or more of such group insurance, or death benefit coverages, the board shall make proper periodical premium deductions from the regular salary of any such employee as specified in a written assignment furnished it by each such employee subscribing thereto, and pay the aggregate of such salary deductions over to the insurance company or companies or voluntary association so selected. Only those companies whose plan or plans receive the majority vote shall have the privilege of such deductions.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 12 §18A-4-12. Tax deferred investments for teachers and other employees.
For the purpose of this section, when an employee shall have attained the age of eighteen years the said employee may be eligible to participate in the defined group plans.

A county board of education, the teachers retirement board, the West Virginia board of education and the board of regents of West Virginia and their agencies may provide by written agreement between any such board or agency and any teacher or other employee to reduce the cash salary payable to such teacher or other employee, and, in consideration thereof, to pay an amount equal to the amount of such reduction as premiums on an annuity contract or payments on a custodial account or other investment owned by such teacher or other employee, which annuity contract, custodial account or other investment is in such form and upon such terms as will qualify the payments thereon for tax deferment under the United States Internal Revenue Code. The amount of such reduction shall not exceed the amount excludable from income under section 403(b) of the United States Internal Revenue Code, and amendments and successor provisions thereto, and shall be considered a part of the teacher's or employee's salary for all purposes other than federal and state income tax.

The purchase of such tax deferred investment for a teacher or other employee by a board of education, the teachers retirement board, the West Virginia board of education and the board of regents of West Virginia and their agencies shall impose no liability nor responsibility whatsoever on said boards or members thereof except to show that the payments have been remitted for the purposes for which deducted.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 13 §18A-4-13. Compliance with this article.
Any board failing to comply with the provisions of this article may be compelled to do so by mandamus.


WVC 18A-4-14 §18A-4-14. Duty-free lunch and daily planning period for certain employees.

               (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of section seven, article two of this chapter, every teacher who is employed for a period of time more than one half the class periods of the regular school day and every service person whose employment is for a period of more than three and one-half hours per day and whose pay is at least the amount indicated in the state minimum pay scale as set forth in section eight-a of this article shall be provided a daily lunch recess of not less than thirty consecutive minutes, and the employee shall not be assigned any responsibilities during this recess. The recess shall be included in the number of hours worked, and no county shall increase the number of hours to be worked by an employee as a result of the employee being granted a recess under the provisions of this section.

               (b) Every teacher who is regularly employed for a period of time more than one half the class periods of the regular school day shall be provided at least one planning period within each school instructional day to be used to complete necessary preparations for the instruction of pupils. No teacher may be assigned any responsibilities during this period, and no county shall increase the number of hours to be worked by a teacher as a result of such teacher being granted a planning period subsequent to the adoption of this section (March 13, 1982).

               The duration of the planning period shall be in accordance with the following:

               (1) For grades where the majority of the student instruction is delivered by only one teacher, the planning period shall be no less than forty minutes; and

               (2) For grades where students take separate courses during at least four separate periods of instruction, most usually delivered by different teachers for each subject, the planning period shall be the length of the usual class period taught by the teacher, but no less than forty minutes. Principals, and assistant principals, where applicable, shall cooperate in carrying out the provisions of this subsection, including, but not limited to, assuming control of the class period or supervision of students during the time the teacher is engaged in the planning period. Substitute teachers may also be utilized to assist with classroom responsibilities under this subsection: Provided, That any substitute teacher who is employed to teach a minimum of two consecutive days in the same position shall be granted a planning period pursuant to this section.

               (c) Nothing in this section prevents any teacher from exchanging his or her lunch recess or a planning period or any service person from exchanging his or her lunch recess for any compensation or benefit mutually agreed upon by the employee and the county superintendent or his or her agent: Provided, That a teacher and the superintendent or his or her agent may not agree to terms which are different from those available to any other teacher granted rights under this section within the individual school or to terms which in any way discriminate among those teachers within the individual school, and a service person granted rights under this section and the superintendent or his or her agent may not agree to terms which are different from those available to any other service personnel within the same classification category granted rights under this section within the individual school or to terms which in any way discriminate among those service personnel within the same classification category within the individual school.

               (d) The state board shall conduct a study on planning periods. The study shall include, but not be limited to, the appropriate length for planning periods at the various grade levels and for the different types of class schedules. The board shall report its findings and recommendations to the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability no later than December 31,

2013.
WVC 18 A- 4 - 14 A §18A-4-14a. Study on daily planning periods.
(a) The legislative oversight commission on education accountability shall conduct a study of the length of time within the instructional day needed by teachers to plan. The commission may conduct the study as a whole or may appoint a subcommittee to conduct the study under its direction. The study shall include, but is not limited to, an examination of the following issues:

(1) The length of planning periods in different grade levels and under different class period schedules;

(2) A comparison of the amount and difficulty of the subject matter to be covered during the instructional day and the length of the planning period in different grade levels and under different class period schedules;

(3) An analysis of the appropriate use of planning period time and actual practices; and

(4) An analysis of the cost to the state and the counties of daily planning periods of different lengths and the potential for savings through appropriate measures for standardization.

(b) The legislative oversight commission on education accountability shall issue a report of its findings and recommendations, together with any legislation necessary to effectuate its recommendations, on or before the second day of January, two thousand three. In making its findings and recommendations, the commission shall:

(1) Consider measures for standardization in the length of planning periods for teachers in similar grade levels;

(2) Consider appropriate uses of any nonscheduled teacher time which becomes available if the standardization of planning period length results in planning periods which are less than the usual class period at a school, including, but not limited to, mentoring, tutoring, providing additional supervision, meetings and other noninstructional activities; and

(3) Consider adjustments or restructuring of the requirements for planning periods that do not result in any additional cost to the state or counties.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 15 §18A-4-15. Employment of service personnel substitutes.
(a) The county board shall employ and the county superintendent, subject to the approval of the county board, shall assign substitute service personnel on the basis of seniority to perform any of the following duties:

(1) To fill the temporary absence of another service employee;

(2) To fill the position of a regular service person as follows:

(A) If the regular service person requests a leave of absence from the county board in writing and is granted the leave in writing by the county board; or

(B) If the regular service person is on workers' compensation and absent.

(C) If an absence pursuant to paragraph (A) or (B) of this subdivision is to extend beyond thirty working days, the county board shall post the position of the absent employee under the procedures set forth in section eight-b of this article. If a substitute service person is employed to fill the position of the absent employee and is employed in the position for twenty or more working days, the substitute service person:

(i) Acquires regular employment status with the exception of regular employee job bidding rights;

(ii) Does not accrue regular seniority; and

(iii) Is accorded all other rights, privileges and benefits pertaining to the position until the regular employee returns to the position or ceases to be employed by the county board;

(D) If a regular or substitute employee fills a vacancy that is related in any manner to a leave of absence or the absence of an employee on workers' compensation as provided in this section, upon termination of the absence the employee shall be returned to his or her original position or status;

(E) A service person may not be:

(i) Required to request or to take a leave of absence; or

(ii) Deprived of any right or privilege of regular employment status for refusal to request or failure to take a leave of absence;

(3) To perform the service of a service person who is authorized to be absent from duties without loss of pay;

(4) To temporarily fill a vacancy in a permanent position caused by severance of employment by the resignation, transfer, retirement, permanent disability, dismissal pursuant to section eight, article two of this chapter, or death of the regular service person who had been assigned to the position. Within twenty working days from the commencement of the vacancy, the county board shall fill the vacancy under the procedures set forth in section eight-b of this article and section five, article two of this chapter. The person hired to fill the vacancy shall have and be accorded all rights, privileges and benefits pertaining to the position;

(5) To fill the vacancy created by a regular employee's suspension.

(A) If the suspension is for more than thirty working days, the county board shall post the position of the suspended employee under the procedures set forth in section eight-b of this article.

(B) If a substitute service person is employed to fill the suspended employee's position, the substitute service person:

(i) Acquires regular employment status with the exception of regular employee job-bidding rights;

(ii) Does not accrue regular seniority; and

(iii) Is accorded all other rights, privileges and benefits pertaining to the position until the termination by the county board becomes final or the suspended employee is returned to employment.

(C) If the suspended employee is not returned to his or her job, the county board shall fill the vacancy under the procedures set forth in section eight-b of this article and section five, article two of this chapter; and

(6) To fill temporarily a vacancy in a newly created position prior to employing a service person on a regular basis pursuant to section eight-b of this article.

(b) Service personnel substitutes shall be assigned in the following manner:

(1) The substitute with the greatest length of service time in the vacant category of employment has priority in accepting the assignment throughout the period of the regular service person's absence or until the vacancy is filled on a regular basis pursuant to section eight-b of this article. Length of service time is calculated from the date a substitute service person begins assigned duties as a substitute in a particular category of employment.

(2) All service personnel substitutes are employed on a rotating basis according to their lengths of service time until each substitute has had an opportunity to perform similar assignments.

(3) Any regular service person employed in the same building or working station and the same classification category of employment as the absent employee shall be given the first opportunity to fill the position of the absent employee on a rotating and seniority basis. In such case the regular service person's position is filled by a substitute service person. A regular service person assigned to fill the position of an absent employee has the opportunity to hold that position throughout the absence. For the purpose of this section only, all regularly employed school bus operators are considered to be employed within the same building or working station.

(c) The county board shall return a regular school service person to the same position held prior to any approved leave of absence or period of recovery from injury or illness. The school service person:

(1) Retains all rights, privileges and benefits which had accrued at the time of the absence or accrued under any other provision of law during the absence; and

(2) Has all rights, privileges and benefits generally accorded school service personnel at the time of return to work.

(d) The salary of a substitute service person is determined:

(1) Based upon his or her years of employment as defined in section eight of this article;

(2) As provided in the state minimum pay scale set forth in section eight-a of this article; and

(3) In accordance with the salary schedule of persons regularly employed in the same position in the county in which he or she is employed.

(e) A substitute service person shall execute a written contract with the county board pursuant to section five, article two of this chapter, prior to beginning assigned duties.

(f) The following method shall be used to establish a fair, equitable and uniform system for assigning service personnel substitutes to their duties for the first time:

(1) The initial order of assigning newly-employed substitutes is determined by a random selection system established by the affected substitute employees and approved by the county board; and

(2) The initial order is effective only until the substitute service personnel have begun their duties for the first time.

(g) A substitute service person who has worked thirty days for a school system has all rights pertaining to suspension, dismissal and contract renewal as are granted to regular service personnel in sections six, seven, eight and eight-a, article two of this chapter.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 16 §18A-4-16. Extracurricular assignments.
(1) The assignment of teachers and service personnel to extracurricular assignments shall be made only by mutual agreement of the employee and the superintendent, or designated representative, subject to board approval. Extracurricular duties shall mean, but not be limited to, any activities that occur at times other than regularly scheduled working hours, which include the instructing, coaching, chaperoning, escorting, providing support services or caring for the needs of students, and which occur on a regularly scheduled basis: Provided, That all school service personnel assignments shall be considered extracurricular assignments, except such assignments as are considered either regular positions, as provided by section eight of this article, or extra-duty assignments, as provided by section eight-b of this article.

(2) The employee and the superintendent, or a designated representative, subject to board approval, shall mutually agree upon the maximum number of hours of extracurricular assignment in each school year for each extracurricular assignment.

(3) The terms and conditions of the agreement between the employee and the board shall be in writing and signed by both parties.

(4) An employee's contract of employment shall be separate from the extracurricular assignment agreement provided for in this section and shall not be conditioned upon the employee's acceptance or continuance of any extracurricular assignment proposed by the superintendent, a designated representative, or the board.

(5) The board shall fill extracurricular school service personnel assignments and vacancies in accordance with section eight-b of this article: Provided, That an alternative procedure for making extracurricular school service personnel assignments within a particular classification category of employment may be utilized if the alternative procedure is approved both by the county board and by an affirmative vote of two thirds of the employees within that classification category of employment.

(6) An employee who was employed in any service personnel extracurricular assignment during the previous school year shall have the option of retaining the assignment if it continues to exist in any succeeding school year. A county board of education may terminate any school service personnel extracurricular assignment for lack of need pursuant to section seven, article two of this chapter. If an extracurricular contract has been terminated and is reestablished in any succeeding school year, it shall be offered to the employee who held the assignment at the time of its termination. If the employee declines the assignment, the extracurricular assignment shall be posted and filled pursuant to section eight-b of this article.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 17 §18A-4-17. Health and other facility employee salaries.
(a) The minimum salary scale for professional personnel and service personnel employed by the state department of education to provide education and support services to residents of state department of health and human resources facilities, corrections facilities providing services to juvenile and youthful offenders, in the West Virginia schools for the deaf and the blind and in public community and technical colleges providing middle college services is the same as set forth in sections two, three and eight-a of this article. Additionally, those personnel shall receive the equivalent of salary supplements paid to professional and service personnel employed by the county board in the county wherein each facility is located, as set forth in sections five-a and five-b of this article. Professional personnel and service personnel in these facilities who earn advanced classification of training after the effective date of this section shall be paid the advanced salary from the date the classification of training is earned. The professional personnel shall be certified, licensed or trained, and shall meet other eligibility classifications as may be required by the provisions of this chapter and by state board regulations for comparable instructional personnel who are employed by county boards. The professional personnel shall be paid at the equivalent rate of pay of teachers as set forth in section two of this article, but outside the public support plan, plus the equivalent of the salary supplement paid to teachers employed by the county board in the county in which each facility is located, as set forth in section five-a of this article.

(b) Professional personnel employed by the department to provide education services to residents in state department of health and human resources facilities, corrections facilities providing services to juvenile and youthful offenders, in the West Virginia schools for the deaf and the blind or in public community and technical colleges providing middle college services are afforded all the rights, privileges and benefits established for the professional personnel under this article, subject to the following:

(1) The benefits apply only within the facility at which the professional personnel are employed;

(2) The benefits exclude salaries unless explicitly provided for under this or other sections of this article; and

(3) Seniority for the professional personnel is determined on the basis of the length of time the employee has been professionally employed at the facility, regardless of which state agency was the actual employer.

(c) Professional personnel and service personnel employed by the department of education to provide education and support services to residents in state department of health and human resources facilities, corrections facilities providing services to juvenile and youthful offenders, the West Virginia schools for the deaf and the blind and in public community and technical colleges providing middle college services are state employees.

(d) Additional seniority provisions. --

(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section to the contrary, professional and service personnel employed in an educational facility operated by the West Virginia department of education accrue seniority at that facility on the basis of the length of time the employee has been employed at the facility. Professional and service personnel whose employment at the facility was preceded immediately by employment with the county board previously providing education services at the facility or whose employment contract was with the county board previously providing education services at the facility:

(A) Retains any seniority accrued during employment by the county board;

(B) Accrues seniority as a regular employee with the county board during employment at the facility;

(C) Attains continuing contract status in accordance with section two, article two, chapter eighteen-a of this code with both the county and the facility if the sum of the years employed by the county and the facility equals the statutory number required for continuing contract status; and

(D) Retains and continues to accrue county and facility seniority in the event of reemployment by the county as a result of direct transfer from the facility or recall from the preferred list.

(2) Reductions in work force in the facility or employment by the facility or county board are made in accordance with the provisions of sections seven-a and eight-b of this chapter. Only years of employment within the facility are considered for purposes of reduction in force within the facility.

(3) The seniority conferred in this section applies retroactively to all affected professional and service personnel, but the rights incidental to the seniority commence on the effective date of this section.

(4) Amendments made to this section during the 2009 regular session of the Legislature do not abrogate any rights, privileges or benefits bestowed under previous enactments of this section.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 18 §18A-4-18. Department of education certified staff salaries.
(a) Personnel employed by the state department of education who are required to hold a teaching certificate shall receive a salary that is at least equal to the salary paid to comparable professional personnel employed by the county board in the county in which their office is located, minus the six hundred dollars authorized pursuant to section two of this article for classroom teachers with twenty years of experience.

(b) Effective the first day of July, two thousand two, service personnel employed by the department of education shall receive a salary that is at least equal to the salary paid to comparable personnel employed by the county board in the county in which their principal place of employment is located. The department of education shall establish a salary schedule that phases in the necessary salary increases before the first day of July, two thousand two.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 19 §18A-4-19. Alteration of contract.
(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of section seven-a of this article relating to professional personnel or any other section of this code to the contrary, any alteration of an employment contract of a professional educator who is employed for more than two hundred days, which alteration changes the number of days in the employment term, shall not be deemed a creation of a new position, nor shall such alteration require the posting of the position.

Notwithstanding the provisions of section seven-a of this article relating to professional personnel or any other section of this code to the contrary, any alteration of an employment contract of a professional educator which reduces or eliminates the local salary supplement or the benefits provided to such employee due to a defeat of a special levy, or a loss in assessed values or events over which it has no control and for which the county board has received approval from the state board prior to making such reduction or elimination in accordance with section five-a of this article, shall not require termination of said employment contract as set forth in sections two and eight-a, article two of this chapter, nor shall it be deemed a creation of a new position, nor shall such alteration require the posting of the position.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of section eight-b of this article relating to school service personnel or any other section of this code to the contrary, any alteration of an employment contract of a service personnel employee who is employed for more than two hundred days, which alteration changes the number of days in the employment term, shall not be deemed a creation of a new position, nor shall such alteration require the posting of the position.

Notwithstanding the provisions of section eight-b of this article relating to school service personnel or any other section of this code to the contrary, any alteration of an employment contract of a service personnel employee which reduces or eliminates the local salary supplement or the benefits provided to such employee due to a defeat of a special levy, or a loss in assessed values or events over which it has no control and for which the county board has received approval from the state board prior to making such reduction or elimination in accordance with section five-b of this article, shall not require termination of said employment contract as set forth in sections six and eight-a, article two of this chapter, nor shall it be deemed a creation of a new position, nor shall such alteration require the posting of the position.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 20 §18A-4-20. Moving expenses allowed for teachers laid off in counties due to lack of need.
(a) From funds appropriated, the department of education may pay the moving expenses for a teacher who meets the following criteria:

(1) The teacher's position was eliminated as part of a reduction in force by a West Virginia county school board;

(2) The teacher has secured employment for a West Virginia county school board in another county;

(3) The teacher has moved his or her residence to the West Virginia county in which he or she has gained employment or to an adjacent county in West Virginia;

(4) The teacher is to be employed in a county where shortages exist either in numbers of teachers or in subject matter areas as determined by the state board; and

(5) As a result of the new employment, it would be impractical for the teacher to maintain his or her previous residence.

(b) The reimbursement shall be for actual expenses and shall not exceed two thousand five hundred dollars, subject to the availability of funds.

(c) Each county board of education shall send the state board by the first day of May, annually, a report that includes:

(1) The available teacher positions in the county;

(2) Any shortages in subject matter areas in the county; and

(3) The name of all teachers reduced in force: Provided, That the teacher has permitted the county board to submit his or her name.

(d) The state board shall compile a report including all information submitted to the state board based on the reports provided in subsection (c) of this section. The state board shall send this report to each county board of education. Additionally, the state board shall send a letter to all teachers reduced in force. This letter shall identify all teacher positions available in West Virginia and identify those counties where shortages exist either in numbers of teachers or in subject matter areas.

(e) The state board shall promulgate a rule pursuant to the provisions of article three-b, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code that implements the provisions of this section. The rule shall include, but is not limited to:

(1) Standards sufficient to define and measure the criteria set forth in subsection (a) of this section; and

(2) A procedure for allocating the funds if the funds appropriated are insufficient.

(f) Nothing in this section shall require any level of appropriation by the Legislature.

(g) The state board shall report to the Legislature by the first day of January of each year on the number of teachers being reimbursed.

(h) This section shall expire on the first day of July, two thousand five, unless continued by the Legislature.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 21 §18A-4-21. Posting of position opening following death of incumbent.
A county board may not declare a position vacant and post a job opening sooner than ten days following the death of an individual employed in that position.


WVC 18 A- 4 - 5 C §18A-4-5c.
     Repealed.

Acts, 2011 Reg. Sess., Ch. 154.
WVC 18 A- 4 - 5 D §18A-4-5d.
     Repealed.

Acts, 2011 Reg. Sess., Ch. 154.
WVC 18 A- 5 - ARTICLE 5. AUTHORITY; RIGHTS; RESPONSIBILITY.


WVC 18 A- 5 - 1 §18A-5-1. Authority of teachers and other school personnel; exclusion of students having infectious diseases; suspension or expulsion of disorderly students; corporal punishment abolished.
(a) The teacher shall stand in the place of the parent(s), guardian(s) or custodian(s) in exercising authority over the school and has control of all students enrolled in the school from the time they reach the school until they have returned to their respective homes, except that where transportation of students is provided, the driver in charge of the school bus or other mode of transportation shall exercise such authority and control over the students while they are in transit to and from the school.

(b) Subject to the rules of the State Board of Education, the teacher shall exclude from the school any student known to have or suspected of having any infectious disease, or any student who has been exposed to any infectious disease, and shall immediately notify the proper health officer or medical inspector of the exclusion. Any student so excluded may not be readmitted to the school until he or she has complied with all the requirements of the rules governing those cases or has presented a certificate of health signed by the medical inspector or other proper health officer.

(c) The teacher may exclude from his or her classroom or school bus any student who is guilty of disorderly conduct; who in any manner interferes with an orderly educational process; who threatens, abuses or otherwise intimidates or attempts to intimidate a school employee or a student; who willfully disobeys a school employee; or who uses abusive or profane language directed at a school employee. Any student excluded shall be placed under the control of the principal of the school or a designee. The excluded student may be admitted to the classroom or school bus only when the principal, or a designee, provides written certification to the teacher that the student may be readmitted and specifies the specific type of disciplinary action, if any, that was taken. If the principal finds that disciplinary action is warranted, he or she shall provide written and, if possible, telephonic notice of the action to the parent(s), guardian(s) or custodian(s). When a student is excluded from a classroom or a school bus two times in one semester, and after exhausting all reasonable methods of classroom discipline provided in the school discipline plan, the student may be readmitted to the classroom or the school bus only after the principal, teacher and, if possible, the parent(s), guardian(s) or custodian(s) of the student have held a conference to discuss the student's disruptive behavior patterns, and the teacher and the principal agree on a course of discipline for the student and inform the parent(s), guardian(s) or custodian(s) of the course of action. Thereafter, if the student's disruptive behavior persists, upon the teacher's request, the principal may, to the extent feasible, transfer the student to another setting. The Legislature finds that isolating students or placing them in alternative learning centers may be the best setting for chronically disruptive students. The county board shall create more alternative learning centers or expand its capacity for alternative placements, subject to funding, to correct these students' behaviors so they can return to a regular classroom without engaging in further disruptive behavior.

(d) The Legislature finds that suspension from school is not appropriate solely for a student's failure to attend class. Therefore, a student may not be suspended from school solely for not attending class. Other methods of discipline may be used for the student which may include, but are not limited to, detention, extra class time or alternative class settings.

(e) Corporal punishment of any student by a school employee is prohibited.

(f) Each county board is solely responsible for the administration of proper discipline in the public schools of the county and shall adopt policies consistent with the provisions of this section to govern disciplinary actions. These policies shall encourage the use of alternatives to corporal punishment, providing for the training of school personnel in alternatives to corporal punishment and for the involvement of parent(s), guardian(s) or custodian(s) in the maintenance of school discipline. The county boards shall provide for the immediate incorporation and implementation in the schools of a preventive discipline program which may include the responsible student program and a student involvement program which may include the peer mediation program, devised by the West Virginia Board of Education. Each county board may modify those programs to meet the particular needs of the county. The county boards shall provide in-service training for teachers and principals relating to assertive discipline procedures and conflict resolution. The county boards also may establish cooperatives with private entities to provide middle educational programs which may include programs focusing on developing individual coping skills, conflict resolution, anger control, self-esteem issues, stress management and decision making for students and any other program related to preventive discipline.

(g) For the purpose of this section:

(1) " Student" includes any child, youth or adult who is enrolled in any instructional program or activity conducted under board authorization and within the facilities of or in connection with any program under public school direction: Provided, That, in the case of adults, the student-teacher relationship shall terminate when the student leaves the school or other place of instruction or activity;

(2) "Teacher" means all professional educators as defined in section one, article one of this chapter and includes the driver of a school bus or other mode of transportation; and

(3) "Principal" means the principal, assistant principal, vice principal or the administrative head of the school or a professional personnel designee of the principal or the administrative head of the school.

(h) Teachers shall exercise other authority and perform other duties prescribed for them by law or by the rules of the state board not inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter and chapter eighteen of this code.


WVC 18 A- 5 - 1 A §18A-5-1a. Possessing deadly weapons on premises of educational facilities; possessing a controlled substance on premises of educational facilities; assaults and batteries committed by pupils upon teachers or other school personnel; temporary suspension, hearing; procedure, notice and formal hearing; extended suspension; sale of narcotic; expulsion; exception; alternative education.
(a) A principal shall suspend a pupil from school or from transportation to or from the school on any school bus if the pupil, in the determination of the principal after an informal hearing pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, has: (i) Violated the provisions of subsection (b), section fifteen, article two, chapter sixty-one of this code; (ii) violated the provisions of subsection (b), section eleven-a, article seven of said chapter; or (iii) sold a narcotic drug, as defined in section one hundred one, article one, chapter sixty-a of this code, on the premises of an educational facility, at a school-sponsored function or on a school bus. If a student has been suspended pursuant to this subsection, the principal shall, within twenty-four hours, request that the county superintendent recommend to the county board that the student be expelled. Upon such a request by a principal, the county superintendent shall recommend to the county board that the student be expelled. Upon such recommendation, the county board shall conduct a hearing in accordance with subsections (e), (f) and (g) of this section to determine if the student committed the alleged violation. If the county board finds that the student did commit the alleged violation, the county board shall expel the student.

(b) A principal shall suspend a pupil from school, or from transportation to or from the school on any school bus, if the pupil, in the determination of the principal after an informal hearing pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, has: (i) Committed an act or engaged in conduct that would constitute a felony under the laws of this state if committed by an adult; or (ii) unlawfully possessed on the premises of an educational facility or at a school-sponsored function a controlled substance governed by the uniform controlled substances act as described in chapter sixty-a of this code. If a student has been suspended pursuant to this subsection, the principal may request that the superintendent recommend to the county board that the student be expelled. Upon such recommendation by the county superintendent, the county board may hold a hearing in accordance with the provisions of subsections (e), (f) and (g) of this section to determine if the student committed the alleged violation. If the county board finds that the student did commit the alleged violation, the county board may expel the student.

(c) A principal may suspend a pupil from school, or transportation to or from the school on any school bus, if the pupil, in the determination of the principal after an informal hearing pursuant to subsection (d) of this section: (i) Threatened to injure, or in any manner injured, a pupil, teacher, administrator or other school personnel; (ii) willfully disobeyed a teacher; (iii) possessed alcohol in an educational facility, on school grounds, a school bus or at any school-sponsored function; (iv) used profane language directed at a school employee or pupil; (v) intentionally defaced any school property; (vi) participated in any physical altercation with another person while under the authority of school personnel; or (vii) habitually violated school rules or policies. If a student has been suspended pursuant to this subsection, the principal may request that the superintendent recommend to the county board that the student be expelled. Upon such recommendation by the county superintendent, the county board may hold a hearing in accordance with the provisions of subsections (e), (f) and (g) of this section to determine if the student committed the alleged violation. If the county board finds that the student did commit the alleged violation, the county board may expel the student.

(d) The actions of any pupil which may be grounds for his or her suspension or expulsion under the provisions of this section shall be reported immediately to the principal of the school in which the pupil is enrolled. If the principal determines that the alleged actions of the pupil would be grounds for suspension, he or she shall conduct an informal hearing for the pupil immediately after the alleged actions have occurred. The hearing shall be held before the pupil is suspended unless the principal believes that the continued presence of the pupil in the school poses a continuing danger to persons or property or an ongoing threat of disrupting the academic process, in which case the pupil shall be suspended immediately and a hearing held as soon as practicable after the suspension.

The pupil and his or her parent(s), guardian(s) or custodian(s), as the case may be, shall be given telephonic notice, if possible, of this informal hearing, which notice shall briefly state the grounds for suspension.

At the commencement of the informal hearing, the principal shall inquire of the pupil as to whether he or she admits or denies the charges. If the pupil does not admit the charges, he or she shall be given an explanation of the evidence possessed by the principal and an opportunity to present his or her version of the occurrence. At the conclusion of the hearing or upon the failure of the noticed student to appear, the principal may suspend the pupil for a maximum of ten school days, including the time prior to the hearing, if any, for which the pupil has been excluded from school.

The principal shall report any suspension the same day it has been decided upon, in writing, to the parent(s), guardian(s) or custodian(s) of the pupil by regular United States mail. The suspension also shall be reported to the county superintendent and to the faculty senate of the school at the next meeting after the suspension.

(e) Prior to a hearing before the county board, the county board shall cause a written notice which states the charges and the recommended disposition to be served upon the pupil and his or her parent(s), guardian(s) or custodian(s), as the case may be. The notice shall state clearly whether the board will attempt at hearing to establish the student as a dangerous student, as defined by section one, article one of this chapter. The notice also shall include any evidence upon which the board will rely in asserting its claim that the student is a dangerous student. The notice shall set forth a date and time at which the hearing shall be held, which date shall be within the ten-day period of suspension imposed by the principal.

(f) The county board shall hold the scheduled hearing to determine if the pupil should be reinstated or should or, under the provisions of this section, must be expelled from school. If the county board determines that the student should or must be expelled from school, it also may determine whether the student is a dangerous student pursuant to subsection (g) of this section. At this, or any hearing before a county board conducted pursuant to this section, the pupil may be represented by counsel, may call his or her own witnesses to verify his or her version of the incident and may confront and cross-examine witnesses supporting the charge against him or her. The hearing shall be recorded by mechanical means unless recorded by a certified court reporter. The hearing may be postponed for good cause shown by the pupil but he or she shall remain under suspension until after the hearing. The state board may adopt other supplementary rules of procedure to be followed in these hearings. At the conclusion of the hearing the county board shall either: (1) Order the pupil reinstated immediately at the end of his or her initial suspension; (2) suspend the pupil for a further designated number of days; or (3) expel the pupil from the public schools of the county.

(g) A county board that did not intend prior to a hearing to assert a dangerous student claim, that did not notify the student prior to the hearing that a dangerous student determination would be considered and that determines through the course of the hearing that the student may be a dangerous student shall schedule a second hearing within ten days to decide the issue. The hearing may be postponed for good cause shown by the pupil, but he or she remains under suspension until after the hearing.

A county board that expels a student, and finds that the student is a dangerous student, may refuse to provide alternative education. However, after a hearing conducted pursuant to this section for determining whether a student is a dangerous student, when the student is found to be a dangerous student, is expelled and is denied alternative education, a hearing shall be conducted within three months after the refusal by the board to provide alternative education to reexamine whether or not the student remains a dangerous student and whether the student shall be provided alternative education. Thereafter, a hearing for the purpose of reexamining whether or not the student remains a dangerous student and whether the student shall be provided alternative education shall be conducted every three months for so long as the student remains a dangerous student and is denied alternative education. During the initial hearing, or in any subsequent hearing, the board may consider the history of the pupil's conduct as well as any improvements made subsequent to the expulsion. If it is determined during any of the hearings that the student is no longer a dangerous student or should be provided alternative education, the student shall be provided alternative education during the remainder of the expulsion period.

(h) The superintendent may apply to a circuit judge or magistrate for authority to subpoena witnesses and documents, upon his or her own initiative, in a proceeding related to a recommended student expulsion or dangerous student determination, before a county board conducted pursuant to the provisions of this section. Upon the written request of any other party, the superintendent shall apply to a circuit judge or magistrate for the authority to subpoena witnesses, documents or both on behalf of the other party in a proceeding related to a recommended student expulsion or dangerous student determination before a county board. If the authority to subpoena is granted, the superintendent shall subpoena the witnesses, documents or both requested by the other party. Furthermore, if the authority to subpoena is granted, it shall be exercised in accordance with the provisions of section one, article five, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code.

Any hearing conducted pursuant to this subsection may be postponed: (1) For good cause shown by the pupil; (2) when proceedings to compel a subpoenaed witness to appear must be instituted; or (3) when a delay in service of a subpoena hinders either party's ability to provide sufficient notice to appear to a witness. A pupil remains under suspension until after the hearing in any case where a postponement occurs.

The county boards are directed to report the number of pupils determined to be dangerous students to the State Board of Education. The state board will compile the county boards' statistics and shall report its findings to the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability.

(i) Pupils may be expelled pursuant to the provisions of this section for a period not to exceed one school year, except that if a pupil is determined to have violated the provisions of subsection (a) of this section the pupil shall be expelled for a period of not less than twelve consecutive months: Provided, That the county superintendent may lessen the mandatory period of twelve consecutive months for the expulsion of the pupil if the circumstances of the pupil's case demonstrably warrant. Upon the reduction of the period of expulsion, the county superintendent shall prepare a written statement setting forth the circumstances of the pupil's case which warrant the reduction of the period of expulsion. The county superintendent shall submit the statement to the county board, the principal, the faculty senate and the local school improvement council for the school from which the pupil was expelled. The county superintendent may use the following factors as guidelines in determining whether or not to reduce a mandatory twelve-month expulsion:

(1) The extent of the pupil's malicious intent;

(2) The outcome of the pupil's misconduct;

(3) The pupil's past behavior history; and

(4) The likelihood of the pupil's repeated misconduct.

(j) In all hearings under this section, facts shall be found by a preponderance of the evidence.

(k) For purposes of this section, nothing herein may be construed to be in conflict with the federal provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. §1400 et seq.

(l) Each suspension or expulsion imposed upon a pupil under the authority of this section shall be recorded in the uniform integrated regional computer information system (commonly known as the West Virginia Education Information System) described in subsection (f), section twenty-six, article two, chapter eighteen of this code.

(1) The principal of the school at which the pupil is enrolled shall create an electronic record within twenty-four hours of the imposition of the suspension or expulsion.

(2) Each record of a suspension or expulsion shall include the pupil's name and identification number, the reason for the suspension or expulsion, and the beginning and ending dates of the suspension or expulsion.

(3) The State Board of Education shall collect and disseminate data so that any principal of a public school in West Virginia can review the complete history of disciplinary actions taken by West Virginia public schools against any pupil enrolled or seeking to enroll at that principal's school. The purposes of this provision are to allow every principal to fulfill his or her duty under subsection (b), section fifteen-f, article five, chapter eighteen of this code to determine whether a pupil requesting to enroll at a public school in West Virginia is currently serving a suspension or expulsion from another public school in West Virginia and to allow principals to obtain general information about pupils' disciplinary histories.

(m) Principals may exercise any other authority and perform any other duties to discipline pupils consistent with state and federal law, including policies of the State Board of Education.

(n) Each county board is solely responsible for the administration of proper discipline in the public schools of the county and shall adopt policies consistent with the provisions of this section to govern disciplinary actions.

(o) For the purpose of this section, "principal" means the principal, assistant principal, vice principal or the administrative head of the school or a professional personnel designee of the principal or the administrative head of the school.


WVC 18 A- 5 - 1 B §18A-5-1b. Alternative procedures for expulsion hearings by county boards.

The county boards may employ a hearing examiner to conduct the expulsion hearings required by this article. The hearing examiner shall be an attorney, duly licensed to practice law in the state of West Virginia and shall not be employed by the state or county boards for any other reason.

The hearing examiner shall conduct hearings in compliance with the guidelines of section one-a of this article. All hearings shall be recorded by mechanical means, unless recorded by a certified court reporter. The hearing examiner shall issue a decision and written findings of fact and conclusions of law within five days of the conclusion of the hearing. Hearings by a hearing examiner shall have the same force and effect as a decision made by a county board. Upon the written request of a parent, guardian, or custodian of the student, or the county superintendent, the county board shall review the decision of the hearing examiner. Within ten calendar days from the date of the request of the review, the county board shall enter an order affirming, reversing, or modifying the decision of the hearing examiner. A county board may, in its own discretion, hold a hearing to determine any issues in question.

The authority of the county superintendent shall be the same as contained in section one-a of this article.


WVC 18 A- 5 - 1 C §18A-5-1c. Bill of Rights and Responsibilities for Students and School Personnel.
(a) The Legislature finds that:

(1) The mission of public schools is to prepare students for equal and responsible citizenship and productive adulthood;

(2) Democratic citizenship and productive adulthood begin with standards of conduct in schools;

(3) Schools should be safe havens for learning with high standards of conduct for students; and

(4) Rights necessarily carry responsibilities.

(b) In recognition of the findings in this section, the following Bill of Rights and Responsibilities for Students and School Personnel is established:

(1) The right to attend a school and ride a bus that is safe, orderly and drug free;

(2) The right to learn and work in a school that has clear discipline codes with fair and consistently enforced consequences for misbehavior;

(3) The right to learn and work in a school that has alternative educational placements for violent or chronically disruptive students;

(4) The right to be treated with courtesy and respect;

(5) The right to a attend a school and ride on a bus that is free from bullying;

(6) The right to support from school administrators when enforcing discipline policies;

(7) The right to support from parents, the community, public officials and businesses in their efforts to uphold high standards of conduct; and

(8) The responsibility to adhere to the principles in this Bill of Rights and Responsibilities for Students and School Personnel, and to behave in a manner that guarantees that other students and school personnel enjoy the same rights.


WVC 18 A- 5 - 2 §18A-5-2. Holidays; closing of schools; time lost because of such; special Saturday classes.

                                            (a) Schools shall be closed on Saturdays and on the following days which are designated as legal school holidays: Independence Day, Labor Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, New Year's Day, Martin Luther King's birthday, Memorial Day and West Virginia Day. Schools also shall be closed on any day on which a primary election, general election or special election is held throughout the state or school district and on any day appointed and set apart by the president or the Governor as a holiday of special observance by the people of the state.

                                            (b) When any of the above designated holidays, except a special election, falls on Saturday, the schools shall be closed on the preceding Friday. When any designated holiday falls on Sunday, the schools shall be closed on the following Monday.

                                            (c) Special classes may be conducted on Saturdays for pupils and by teachers and service personnel. Saturday classes shall be conducted on a voluntary basis and teachers and service personnel shall be remunerated in ratio to the regularly contracted pay.

                                            (d) Any school or schools may be closed by proper authorities on account of the prevalence of contagious disease, conditions of weather or any other calamitous cause over which the board has no control.

                                            (1) Under any or all of the above provisions, the time lost by the school closings may not be counted as days of employment and may not be counted as meeting a part of the requirements of the minimum term of one hundred eighty days of instruction. A school employee's pay per pay period may not change as a result of a school closing not being counted as a day of employment, and the employee shall be paid the same amount during any pay period in which a school closing occurs that the employee would have been paid during the pay period if a school closing had not occurred.

                                            (2) On the day or days when a school or schools are closed, county boards may provide appropriate alternate work schedules for professional and service personnel affected by the closing of any school or schools under any or all of the provisions of this subsection. Professional and service personnel shall receive pay the same as if school were in session.

                                            (3) Insofar as funds are available or can be made available during the school year, the board may extend the employment term for the purpose of making up time that might affect the instructional term.

                                            (e) In addition to any other provisions of this chapter, the board further is authorized to provide in its annual budget for meetings, workshops, vacation time or other holidays through extended employment of personnel at the same rate of pay.
WVC 18 A- 5 - 3 §18A-5-3. Exemption from jury service.
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, professional personnel and other persons actively engaged in school work in this state shall be required to serve on any jury during the period of his contract with a board of education unless excused therefrom by judge of the court. In the case of service on a jury the board shall pay the difference between that allowed for such jury service and the amount of salary due the person for such period of time.


WVC 18 A- 5 - 3 A §18A-5-3a. Answering witness subpoenas.

Any teacher, principal, supervisor, service personnel or other person employed by a board of education who is subpoenaed to appear as a witness but not as a defendant in any criminal proceeding in any court of law may make such appearance without any loss of pay. The board shall pay to such employee the difference between the witness fee, exclusive of travel allowances, payable for such appearance by the court and the amount of salary due to the person for the time such employee is absent from his employment by reason of answering such subpoena.


WVC 18 A- 5 - 4 §18A-5-4. Educational meetings.

A county board of education may approve the attendance of any or all teachers at educational conventions, conferences, or other professional meetings of teachers on school days when in the judgment of the superintendent it is necessary or desirable. Attendance at such meetings may be substituted for an equal amount of teaching or employment and teachers attending shall not suffer loss of pay. Further, the board is authorized to pay all or any part of expenses of any personnel whom it may designate to represent the board at any such professional or educational meetings or in visitation to another school system.

Every county board of education shall adopt a policy under which professional educators serving as mentor teachers, serving on state and county professional staff development councils, serving on school curriculum teams, and serving on professional support teams will be granted professional time if required for performance of their duties during the instructional day or extra duty compensation if required at other times and for reimbursement for necessary expenses actually incurred in attending meetings of the bodies upon which they serve upon. Such policy shall provide for the coverage of the professional personnel's regular duties during such release times through the use of paraprofessional aides, substitutes and other methods if necessary to avoid the interruption of instruction.


WVC 18 A- 5 - 4 A §18A-5-4a. Educational or service meetings.

A county board of education may approve the attendance of any or all service personnel at educational conventions, conferences, or school service meetings of service personnel on school days when in the judgment of the superintendent it is necessary or desirable. Attendance at such meetings may be substituted for an equal amount of employment and service personnel so attending shall not suffer loss of pay. Further, the board is authorized to pay all or any part of expenses of any personnel whom it may designate to represent the board at any such educational conventions, conferences or school service meetings or in visitation to another school system.


WVC 18 A- 5 - 5 §18A-5-5. Records; reports by professional and other personnel.
Every teacher, principal, supervisor, or other person employed by a board of education shall keep such records and shall make such reports as may be required by the state superintendent of schools, and such records shall be kept and such reports shall be made according to the forms and blanks prescribed and furnished by the state superintendent. Teachers shall also keep such other records and make such other reports as may be required by the board of education employing them.


WVC 18 A- 5 - 6 §18A-5-6. School census.
A school census of youths from birth through twenty years of age as of September first of the year in which taken, or of such ages as otherwise may locally be determined and of mentally and physically handicapped persons of all ages, may be made as directed by a county board of education. The school census may be taken by the teachers or as otherwise directed by the county board of education. Teachers taking the school census shall be entitled to use school hours not to exceed a total of one school day, and shall be compensated for such time as for time taught.

The state superintendent of schools shall have authority to require a statewide enumeration by the counties at such times as he may direct and may establish the procedures therefor.

In order that the census record may be as currently accurate as possible, and a reliable source of reference through the school year, it shall be the duty of each county superintendent of schools to establish and administer through the office of the county director of school attendance a system of cumulative census records which may be prescribed by the state superintendent of schools.


WVC 18 A- 5 - 7 §18A-5-7. Oath required of teachers.
Every teacher shall, at the time of signing his contract to teach, take an oath to support the constitution of the United States and the constitution of the state of West Virginia, and to honestly demean himself in the teaching profession and to the best of his ability execute his position of teacher. Such oath shall be printed on the contract form prescribed by the state superintendent.


WVC 18 A- 5 - 8 §18A-5-8. Authority of certain aides to exercise control over students; compensation; transfers.
(a) Within the limitations provided in this section, any aide who agrees to do so shall stand in the place of the parent or guardian and shall exercise such authority and control over students as is required of a teacher as provided in section one of this article. The principal shall designate aides in the school who agree to exercise that authority on the basis of seniority as an aide and shall enumerate the instances in which the authority shall be exercised by an aide when requested by the principal, assistant principal or professional employee to whom the aide is assigned.

(b) The authority provided for in subsection (a) of this section does not extend to suspending or expelling any student, participating in the administration of corporal punishment or performing instructional duties as a teacher or substitute teacher. However, the authority extends to supervising students undergoing in-school suspension if the instructional duties required by the supervision are limited solely to handing out class work and collecting class work. The authority to supervise students undergoing in-school suspension does not include actual instruction.

(c) An aide designated by the principal under subsection (a) of this section shall receive a salary not less than one pay grade above the highest pay grade held by the service person under section eight-a, article four of this chapter and any county salary schedule in excess of the minimum requirements of this article.

(d) An aide may not be required by the operation of this section to perform noninstructional duties for an amount of time which exceeds that required under the aide's contract of employment or that required of other aides in the same school unless the assignment of the duties is mutually agreed upon by the aide and the county superintendent, or the superintendent's designated representative, subject to county board approval.

(1) The terms and conditions of the agreement shall be in writing, signed by both parties, and may include additional benefits.

(2) The agreement shall be uniform as to aides assigned similar duties for similar amounts of time within the same school.

(3) Aides have the option of agreeing to supervise students and of renewing related assignments annually. If an aide elects not to renew the previous agreement to supervise students, the minimum salary of the aide shall revert to the pay grade specified in section eight-a, article four of this chapter for the classification title held by the aide and any county salary schedule in excess of the minimum requirements of this article.

(e) For the purposes of this section, aide means any aide class title as defined in section eight, article four of this chapter regardless of numeric classification.

(f) Subject to the limitations set forth in subsection (g) of this section, an aide may transfer to another position of employment one time only during any one half of a school term, unless otherwise mutually agreed upon by the aide and the county superintendent, or the superintendent's designee, subject to county board approval. During the first year of employment as an aide, an aide may not transfer to another position of employment during the first one-half school term of employment unless mutually agreed upon by the aide and county superintendent, subject to county board approval.

(g) Autism mentors and aides providing services to children diagnosed as autistic or with autism spectrum disorder; and paraprofessionals, interpreters and aides providing one-on-one services to students with exceptionalities as required by the students' individualized education programs (IEP).

(1) Legislative findings and intent.

(A) The Legislature finds that it is not in the best interest of a student with autism or a student with an exceptionality whose IEP requires one-on-one services to have multiple teachers, mentors, aides, paraprofessionals, interpreters or any combination thereof during the instructional term; and

(B) It is the intent of the Legislature that filling positions through transfers of personnel from one position to another after the fifth day prior to the beginning of the instructional term be kept to a minimum for autism mentors and aides who work with students with autism and for paraprofessionals, interpreters and aides who work with students with exceptionalities whose IEPs require one-on-one services.

(2) Transfer limitations and conditions.

(A) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (f) of this section, after the fifth day prior to the beginning of the instructional term, a service person may not transfer to another position in the county during that instructional term, unless he or she does not have valid certification, if the service person is employed and assigned as an autism mentor or aide who works with students with autism, or as a paraprofessional, interpreter or aide who works with a student with an exceptionality whose IEP requires one-on-one services.

(B) The provisions of this subsection are subject to the following conditions:

(i) The aide, autism mentor, paraprofessional or interpreter may apply for any posted, vacant position with the successful applicant assuming the position at the beginning of the next instructional term;

(ii) The county board, upon recommendation of the superintendent, may fill a position before the beginning of the next instructional term when it is determined to be in the best interest of the students; and

(iii) The county superintendent shall notify the State Board when a service person who is subject to the provisions of this subsection is transferred to another position after the fifth day prior to the beginning of the instructional term;

(h) Regular service personnel employed in a category of employment other than aide who seek employment as an aide shall

hold a high school diploma or shall have received a general educational development certificate and shall have the opportunity to receive appropriate training pursuant to subsection (j), section thirteen, article five, chapter eighteen of this code and section two, article twenty of said chapter.


WVC 18 A- 6 - ARTICLE 6. COUNTY RETIREMENT FUND.


WVC 18 A- 6 - 1 §18A-6-1. Retirement fund for school employees.
Boards of education shall have authority to establish and maintain a teachers retirement fund for both teachers and nonteaching employees of their districts. The administration of such funds shall be in accordance with the rules and regulations of the state board of education relating thereto.


WVC 18 A- 7 - ARTICLE 7. SEVERABILITY.


WVC 18 A- 7 - 1 18A-7-1. Severability.
Pursuant to section ten, article two, chapter two of this code, if any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held unconstitutional or invalid, such unconstitutionality or invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of the chapter, and to this end the provisions of this chapter are declared to be severable.


Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
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