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WEST VIRGINIA CODE
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WVC 5 - 16 - 12 §5-16-12. Misrepresentation by employer, employee or provider; penalty.
(a) Any person who knowingly secures or attempts to secure benefits payable under this article or anything of value to which the person is not entitled, or who knowingly secures or attempts to secure greater benefits than those to which the person is entitled, by willfully misrepresenting the presence or extent of benefits to which the person is entitled under a collateral insurance source, or by willfully misrepresenting any material fact relating to any other information requested by the director or by willfully overcharging for services provided, or by willfully misrepresenting the diagnosis or nature of the service provided, may be found to be overpaid and shall be civilly liable for any overpayment. In addition to the civil remedy provided herein, the director shall withhold payment of any benefits or other payment due to that person until any overpayment has been recovered or may directly set off, after holding internal administrative proceedings to assure due process, any such overcharges or improperly derived payment against benefits or other payment due such person hereunder. Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit any other remedy or civil or criminal penalty provided by law.

(b) Any person who knowingly secures or attempts to secure benefits payable under this article or any other thing of value to which the person is not entitled, or knowingly attempts to secure greater benefits than those to which the person is entitled, by willfully misrepresenting, or aiding in the misrepresentation of, any material fact relating to employment, diagnosis or services rendered is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars, imprisoned for not longer than two years, or both. Errors in coding for purposes of billing shall not be presumed to be evidence of criminal conduct in the absence of other competent evidence to the contrary.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
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