§22-5-18. Market-based banking and trading programs, emissions credits; director to promulgate rules.
(a) The director shall propose legislative rules for promulgation in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, to the full extent allowed by federal and state law, one or more rules establishing a voluntary emissions trading and banking program that provides incentives to make progress toward the attainment or maintenance of the national ambient air quality standards, the reduction or prevention of hazardous air contaminants or the protection of human health and welfare and the environment from air pollution.

(b) The director shall establish a system by legislative rule for quantifying, verifying, determining eligibility, registering, trading and using all emissions reduction credits, for banking and trading if achieved after the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety-one, to the extent permitted by federal law. Credits also shall be available for permanent shutdowns. Ten percent of any emission reduction credits registered with the director shall be retired from future use: Provided, That fifty percent of any emission reduction credits generated from permanent shutdowns prior to the effective date of the legislative rule or rules promulgated pursuant to this section shall be retired from future use. All other emissions reduction credits registered shall remain in effect until used and debited or retired. Credits not used within ten years shall be retired from future use. The director may charge a reasonable transaction fee at the time any credits are registered and shall deposit the fees in the air pollution control fund.

The division may establish the emissions trading program as a state, multistate or regional program as long as the program contributes to the goal of improving the air quality in West Virginia and in the air quality region where the source is located.