(a) No hospital subject to this article may change or amend its schedule of rates except in accordance with the following procedures:
(1) Any request for a change in rate schedules or other changes must be filed in writing to the board with such supporting data as the hospital seeking to change its rates considers appropriate, in the form prescribed by the board. Upon receipt of notice, the board, if it considers necessary, may hold a public hearing on the proposed change. Such hearing shall be held no later than forty-five days after receipt of the notice. The review of the proposed change may not exceed an overall period of one hundred eighty days from the date of filing to the date of the board's order. If the board fails to complete its review of the proposed change within the time period specified for the review, the proposed change shall be deemed to have been approved by the board. Any proposed change shall go into effect upon the date specified in the order. The review period is complete upon the date of the board's final order notwithstanding an appeal of the order to the agency of the state designated by the governor, a circuit court, or the supreme court of appeals by an affected party;
(2) Each hospital shall establish, in a written report which shall be incorporated into each proposed rate application, that it has thoroughly investigated and considered:
(A) The economic and social impact of any proposed rate increase, or service decrease, on hospital cost containment and upon health care purchasers, including classes of purchasers, such as the elderly and low and fixed income persons;
(B) State-of-the-art advances in health care cost containment, hospital management and rate design, as alternatives to or in mitigation of any rate increase, or service decrease, which report shall describe the state-of-the-art advances considered and shall contain specific findings as to each consideration, including the reasons for adoption or rejection of each;
(C) Implementation of cost control systems, including the elimination of unnecessary or duplicative facilities and services, promotion of alternative forms of care, and other cost control mechanisms;
(D) Initiatives to create alternative delivery systems; and
(E) Efforts to encourage third-party payors, including, but not limited to, insurers, health service, care and maintenance organizations, to control costs, including a combination of education, persuasion, financial incentives and disincentives to control costs;
(3) In the event the board modifies the request of a hospital for a change in its rates so that the hospital obtains only a partial increase in its rate schedule, the hospital shall have the right to accept the benefits of the partial increase in rates and charge its purchasers accordingly without in any way adversely affecting or waiving its right to appeal that portion of the decision and order of the board which denied the remainder of the requested rate increase.
(b) The board shall allow a temporary change in a hospital's rates which may be effective immediately upon filing and in advance of review procedures when a hospital files a verified claim that such temporary rate changes are in the public interest, and are necessary to prevent insolvency, to maintain accreditation or for emergency repairs or to relieve undue financial hardship. The verified claim shall state the facts supporting the hospital's position, the amount of increase in rates required to alleviate the situation, and shall summarize the overall effect of the rate increase. The claim shall be verified by either the chairman of the hospital's governing body or by the chief executive officer of the hospital.
(c) Following receipt of the verified claim for temporary relief, the board shall review the claim through its usualprocedures and standards; however, this power of review does not affect the hospital's ability to place the temporary rate increase into effect immediately. The review of the hospital's claim shall be for a permanent rate increase and the board may include such other factual information in the review as may be necessary for a permanent rate increase review. As a result of its findings from the permanent review, the board may allow the temporary rate increase to become permanent, to deny any increase at all, to allow a lesser increase, or to allow a greater increase.
(d) When any change affecting an increase in rates goes into effect before a final order is entered in the proceedings, for whatever reasons, where it deems it necessary and practicable, the board may order the hospital to keep a detailed and accurate account of all amounts received by reason of the increase in rates and the purchasers and third-party payors from whom such amounts were received. At the conclusion of any hearing, appeal or other proceeding, the board may order the hospital to refund with interest to each affected purchaser and/or third-party payor any part of the increase in rates that may be held to be excessive or unreasonable. In the event a refund is not practicable, the hospital shall, under appropriate terms and conditions determined by the board, charge over and amortize by means of a temporary decrease in rates whatever income is realized from that portion of the increase in rates which was subsequently held to be excessive or unreasonable.
(e) The board, upon a determination that a hospital has overcharged purchasers or charged purchasers at rates not approved by the board or charged rates which were subsequently held to be excessive or unreasonable, may prescribe rebates to purchasers and third-party payors in effect by the aggregate total of the overcharge.
(f) The board may open a proceeding against any hospital at any time with regard to compliance with rates approved and the efficiency and effectiveness of the care being rendered in the hospital.