(b) Any person subject to this article who:
(1) Fails to carry out the duties prescribed in subsection (a);
(2) Buys, sells, trades, or in any way deals in or disposes of taken, captured, or abandoned property, whereby he or she receives or expects any profit, benefit, or advantage to himself, herself or another directly or indirectly connected with himself or herself; or
(3) Engages in looting or pillaging;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.