H. B. 2793
(By Delegates T. Campbell and Boggs)
[Introduced January 11, 2012
; referred to the
Committee on Natural Resources then the Judiciary.]
A BILL to amend and reenact §19-25-5 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, relating to defining “spelunking” as a recreational purpose and activity for which a landowner’s liability for injury is limited.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That §19-25-5 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted to read as follows:
ARTICLE 25. LIMITING LIABILITY OF LANDOWNERS.
Unless the context used clearly requires a different meaning, as used in this article:
(1) "Charge" means:
(A) For purposes of limiting liability for recreational or wildlife propagation purposes set forth in section two of this article, the amount of money asked in return for an invitation to enter or go upon the land, including a one-time fee for a particular event, amusement, occurrence, adventure, incident, experience or occasion which may not exceed $50 a year per recreational participant: Provided, That the monetary cap on charges imposed pursuant to this article does not apply to the provisions of article fourteen, chapter twenty of this code pertaining to the Hatfield-McCoy regional recreational authority or activities sponsored on the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area;
(B) For purposes of limiting liability for military training set forth in section six of this article, the amount of money asked in return for an invitation to enter or go upon the land;
(2) "Land" includes, but shall is not be limited to, roads, water, watercourses, private ways and buildings, structures and machinery or equipment thereon when attached to the realty;
(3) "Noncommercial recreational activity" shall does not include any activity for which there is any charge which exceeds $50 per year per participant;
(4) "Owner" includes, but shall is not be limited to, tenant, lessee, occupant or person in control of the premises;
(5) "Recreational purposes" includes, but shall is not be limited to, any one or any combination of the following noncommercial recreational activities: Hunting, fishing, swimming, boating, camping, picnicking, hiking, pleasure driving, motorcycle or all-terrain vehicle riding, bicycling, horseback riding, nature study, water skiing, winter sports, spelunking, and visiting, viewing or enjoying historical, archaeological, scenic or scientific sites or otherwise using land for purposes of the user;
(6) "Wildlife propagation purposes" applies to and includes all ponds, sediment control structures, permanent water impoundments or any other similar or like structure created or constructed as a result of or in connection with surface mining activities as governed by article three, chapter twenty-two of this code or from the use of surface in the conduct of underground coal mining as governed by said article and rules promulgated thereunder, which ponds, structures or impoundments are hereafter designated and certified in writing by the director of the Division Department of Environmental Protection and the owner to be necessary and vital to the growth and propagation of wildlife, animals, birds and fish or other forms of aquatic life and finds and determines that the premises have the potential of being actually used by the wildlife for those purposes and that the premises are no longer used or necessary for mining reclamation purposes. The certification shall be in form satisfactory to the director and shall provide that the designated ponds, structures or impoundments shall may not be removed without the joint consent of the director and the owner; and
(7) "Military training" includes, but is not limited to, training, encampments, instruction, overflight by military aircraft, parachute drops of personnel or equipment or other use of land by a member of the Army National Guard or Air National Guard, a member of a reserve unit of the Armed Forces of the United States or a person on active duty in the Armed Forces of the United States, acting in that capacity.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to define “caving” or “spelunking” as a recreational purpose and activity for which a landowner’s liability for injury is limited.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from the present law, and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.