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Committee Substitute House Bill 2248 History

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HB2248 SUB
Committee Substitute

For

H. B. 2248


(By Delegates Miley, Iaquinta and Fragale)

(Originating in the Committee on the Judiciary)


[February 8, 2011]


A BILL to amend and reenact §15-10-5 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, relating to the extension of state law enforcement authority to federal law enforcement officers under certain circumstances; extending state law enforcement authority to police and investigators with the Department of Veterans Affairs under appropriate circumstances; extending state law enforcement authority to special investigators with the Office of Inspector General under appropriate circumstances; and extending state law enforcement authority to federal air marshals under appropriate circumstances.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That §15-10-5 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted to read as follows:
ARTICLE 10. COOPERATION BETWEEN LAW-ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES.
§15-10-5. Federal officers' peace-keeping authority.

(a) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, any person who is employed by the United States government as a federal law-enforcement officer and is listed in subsection (b) of this section, has the same authority to enforce the laws of this state, except state or local traffic laws or parking ordinances, as that authority granted to state or local law-enforcement officers, if one or more of the following circumstances exist:
(1) The federal law-enforcement officer is requested to provide temporary assistance by the head of a state or local law- enforcement agency or the designee of the head of the agency and that request is within the state or local law-enforcement agency's scope of authority and jurisdiction and is in writing: Provided, That the request does not need to be in writing if an emergency situation exists involving the imminent risk of loss of life or serious bodily injury;
(2) The federal law-enforcement officer is requested by a state or local law-enforcement officer to provide the officer temporary assistance when the state or local law-enforcement officer is acting within the scope of the officer's authority and jurisdiction and where exigent circumstances exist; or
(3) A felony is committed in the federal law-enforcement officer's presence or under circumstances indicating a felony has just occurred.
(b) This section applies to the following persons who are employed as full-time federal law-enforcement officers by the United States government and who are authorized to carry firearms while performing their duties:
(1) Federal Bureau of Investigation special agents;
(2) Drug Enforcement Administration special agents;
(3) United States Marshal's Service marshals and deputy marshals;
(4) United States postal service inspectors;
(5) Internal revenue service special agents;
(6) United States secret service special agents;
(7) Bureau of alcohol, tobacco, and firearms special agents;
(8) Police officers employed pursuant to 40 U.S.C. §§318 and 490 at the federal bureau of investigation's criminal justice information services division facility located within this state; and
(9) Law enforcement commissioned rangers of the national park service;
(10) Department of Veterans Affairs Police and Department of Veterans Affairs special investigators;
(11) Office of Inspector General special agents; and
(12) Federal Air Marshals with the Federal Air Marshal Service.
(c) Any person acting under the authority granted pursuant to this section:
(1) Has the same authority and is subject to the same exemptions and exceptions to this code as a state or local law- enforcement officer;
(2) Is not an officer, employee, or agent of any state or local law-enforcement agency;
(3) May not initiate or conduct an independent investigation into an alleged violation of any provision of this code except to the extent necessary to preserve evidence or testimony at risk of loss immediately following an occurrence described in subdivision (3), subsection (a) of this section;
(4) Is subject to 28 U.S.C. §1346, the Federal Tort Claims Act; and
(5) Has the same immunities from liability as a state or local law-enforcement officer.


This bill adds police with the Department of Veterans Affairs, special agents with the Office of Inspector General and Marshals with the Federal Air Marshal Service to the list of federal law enforcement officers who are granted the same authority to enforce the laws of the state as is granted to state law enforcement officers under certain circumstances.

Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from the present law, and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.
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