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SB11 SUB2 Senate Bill 11 History

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COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE

FOR

COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE

FOR

Senate Bill No. 11

(By Senators Stollings, Jenkins and Beach)

____________

[Originating in the Committee on the Judiciary;

reported March 20, 2013.]

____________

 

A BILL to amend and reenact §60A-1-101 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended; to amend and reenact §60A-2-204, §60A-2-206, §60A-2-208, §60A-2-210 and §60A-2-212 of said code; and to amend and reenact §60A-3-308 of said code, all relating generally to modifying and updating schedules of controlled substances; modifying and including definitions; adding and adjusting certain substances to schedules of controlled substances; limiting hydrocodone prescriptions to a thirty-day supply and three months without renewal; removing certain substances from schedules of controlled substances; and updating West Virginia schedules of controlled substances to include certain substances found in the federal schedules of controlled substances.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:

    That §60A-1-101 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted; that §60A-2-204, §60A-2-206, §60A-2-208, §60A-2-210 and §60A-2-212 of said code be amended and reenacted; and that §60A-3-308 of said code be amended and reenacted, all to read as follows:

ARTICLE 1. DEFINITIONS.

§60A-1-101. Definitions.

    As used in this act:

    (a) "Administer" means the direct application of a controlled substance whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion or any other means to the body of a patient or research subject by:

    (1) A practitioner (or, in his or her presence, by his or her authorized agent); or

    (2) The patient or research subject at the direction and in the presence of the practitioner.

    (b) "Agent" means an authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor or dispenser. It does not include a common or contract carrier, public warehouseman or employee of the carrier or warehouseman.

    (c) “Analogue” means a substance that, in relation to a controlled substance, has a substantially similar chemical structure.

    (d) "Bureau" means the "Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, United States Department of Justice" or its successor agency.

    (e) "Controlled substance" means a drug, substance or immediate precursor in Schedules I through V of article two.

    (f) "Counterfeit substance" means a controlled substance which, or the container or labeling of which, without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name or other identifying mark, imprint, number or device, or any likeness thereof, of a manufacturer, distributor or dispenser other than the person who in fact manufactured, distributed or dispensed the substance.

    (g) "Imitation controlled substance" means: (1) A controlled substance which is falsely represented to be a different controlled substance; (2) a drug or substance which is not a controlled substance but which is falsely represented to be a controlled substance; or (3) a controlled substance or other drug or substance or a combination thereof which is shaped, sized, colored, marked, imprinted, numbered, labeled, packaged, distributed or priced so as to cause a reasonable person to believe that it is a controlled substance.

    (h) "Deliver" or "delivery" means the actual, constructive or attempted transfer from one person to another of: (1) A controlled substance, whether or not there is an agency relationship; (2) a counterfeit substance; or (3) an imitation controlled substance.

    (i) "Dispense" means to deliver a controlled substance to an ultimate user or research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing, administering, packaging, labeling or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for that delivery.

    (j) "Dispenser" means a practitioner who dispenses.

    (k) "Distribute" means to deliver, other than by administering or dispensing, a controlled substance, a counterfeit substance or an imitation controlled substance.

    (l) "Distributor" means a person who distributes.

    (m) "Drug" means: (1) Substances recognized as drugs in the official "United States Pharmacopoeia, official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States or official National Formulary", or any supplement to any of them; (2) substances intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in man or animals; (3) substances (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or animals; and (4) substances intended for use as a component of any article specified in clause subdivision (1), (2) or (3) of this subdivision subsection. It does not include devices or their components, parts or accessories.

    (n) “Immediate derivative” means a substance which the “West Virginia Board of Pharmacy” has found to be and by rule designates as being is the principal compound or any analogue of the parent compound manufactured from a known controlled substance primarily for use and which has equal or similar pharmacologic activity as the parent compound which is necessary to prevent, curtail or limit manufacture.

    (o) "Immediate precursor" means a substance which the "West Virginia Board of Pharmacy" (hereinafter in this act referred to as the State Board of Pharmacy) has found to be and by rule designates as being is the principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use and which is an immediate chemical intermediary used or likely to be used in the manufacture of a controlled substance, the control of which is necessary to prevent, curtail or limit manufacture.

    (p) "Manufacture" means the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion or processing of a controlled substance, either directly or indirectly or by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, and includes any packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container, except that this term does not include the preparation, compounding, packaging or labeling of a controlled substance:

    (1) By a practitioner as an incident to his or her administering or dispensing of a controlled substance in the course of his or her professional practice; or

    (2) By a practitioner, or by his or her authorized agent under his or her supervision, for the purpose of, or as an incident to, research, teaching or chemical analysis and not for sale.

    (q) "Marijuana" means all parts of the plant "Cannabis sativa L.", whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; the resin extracted from any part of the plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, immediate derivative, mixture or preparation of the plant, its seeds or resin. It does not include the mature stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, immediate derivative, mixture or preparation of the mature stalks (except the resin extracted therefrom), fiber, oil or cake, or the sterilized seed of the plant which is incapable of germination.

    (r) "Narcotic drug" means any of the following, whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:

    (1) Opium and opiate and any salt, compound, immediate derivative or preparation of opium or opiate.

    (2) Any salt, compound, isomer, immediate derivative or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of the substances referred to in paragraph (1) of this subdivision, but not including the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium.

    (3) Opium poppy and poppy straw.

    (4) Coca leaves and any salt, compound, immediate derivative or preparation of coca leaves and any salt, compound, isomer, immediate derivative or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of these substances, but not including decocainized coca leaves or extractions of coca leaves which do not contain cocaine or ecgonine.

    (s) "Opiate" means any substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability. It does not include, unless specifically designated as controlled under section two hundred one, article two of this chapter, the dextrorotatory isomer of 3-methoxy-n-methylmorphinan and its salts (dextromethorphan). It does not include its racemic and levorotatory forms.

    (t) "Opium poppy" means the plant of the species "Papaver somniferum L.", except its seeds.

    (u) "Person" means individual, corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, or any other legal entity.

    (v) "Placebo" means an inert medicament or preparation administered or dispensed for its psychological effect, to satisfy a patient or research subject or to act as a control in experimental series.

    (w) "Poppy straw" means all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy after mowing.

    (x) "Practitioner" means:

    (1) A physician, dentist, veterinarian, scientific investigator or other person licensed, registered or otherwise permitted to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to or to administer a controlled substance in the course of professional practice or research in this state.

    (2) A pharmacy, hospital or other institution licensed, registered or otherwise permitted to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to or to administer a controlled substance in the course of professional practice or research in this state.

    (y) "Production" includes the manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing or harvesting of a controlled substance.

    (z) "State", when applied to a part of the United States, includes any state, district, commonwealth, territory, insular possession thereof and any area subject to the legal authority of the United States of America.

    (aa) "Ultimate user" means a person who lawfully possesses a controlled substance for his or her own use or for the use of a member of his or her household or for administering to an animal owned by him or her or by a member of his or her household.

ARTICLE 2. STANDARDS AND SCHEDULES.

§60A-2-204. Schedule I.

    (a) Schedule I shall consist of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name, or brand name designated, listed in this section.

    (b) Opiates. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the following opiates, including their isomers, esters, ethers, salts and salts of isomers, esters and ethers, whenever the existence of such isomers, esters, ethers and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation (for purposes of subdivision (34) of this subsection only, the term isomer includes the optical and geometric isomers):

    (1) Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(1-methyl-2-phenethyl) -4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylacetamide);

    (2) Acetylmethadol;

    (3) Allylprodine;

    (4) Alphacetylmethadol (except levoalphacetylmethadol also known as levo-alpha-acetylmethadol, levomethadyl acetate, or LAAM);

    (5) Alphameprodine;

    (6) Alphamethadol;

    (7)Alpha-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(alpha-methyl-beta-phenyl) ethyl-4-piperidyl] propionanilide; 1-(1-methyl-2-phenylethyl)-4-(– propanilido) piperidine);

    (8) Alpha-methylthiofentanyl (N-[1-methyl-2-(2-thienyl) ethyl- 4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);

    (9) Benzethidine;

    (10) Betacetylmethadol;

    (11) Beta-hydroxyfentanyl (N-[1-(2-hydroxy-2-phenethyl) -4- piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);

    (12) Beta-hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl (other name: N-[1-(2- hydroxy-2-phenethyl)-3-methyl-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);

    (13) Betameprodine;

    (14) Betamethadol;

    (15) Betaprodine;

    (16) Clonitazene;

    (17) Dextromoramide;

    (18) Diampromide;

    (19) Diethylthiambutene;

    (20) Difenoxin;

    (21) Dimenoxadol;

    (22) Dimepheptanol;

    (23) Dimethylthiambutene;

    (24) Dioxaphetyl butyrate;

    (25) Dipipanone;

    (26) Ethylmethylthiambutene;

    (27) Etonitazene;

    (28) Etoxeridine;

    (29) Furethidine;

    (30) Hydroxypethidine;

    (31) Ketobemidone;

    (32) Levomoramide;

    (33) Levophenacylmorphan;

    (34) 3-Methylfentanyl (N-[3-methyl-1-(2-phenylethyl)-4- piperidyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);

    (35) 3-methylthiofentanyl (N-[3-methyl-1-(2-thienyl) ethyl-4- piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);

    (36) Morpheridine;

    (37) MPPP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine);

    (38) Noracymethadol;

    (39) Norlevorphanol;

    (40) Normethadone;

    (41) Norpipanone;

    (42) Para-fluorofentanyl (N-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-[1-(2- phenethyl)-4-piperidinyl] propanamide);

    (43) PEPAP(1-(-2-phenethyl)-4-phenyl-4-acetoxypiperidine);

    (44) Phenadoxone;

    (45) Phenampromide;

    (46) Phenomorphan;

    (47) Phenoperidine;

    (48) Piritramide;

    (49) Proheptazine;

    (50) Properidine;

    (51) Propiram;

    (52) Racemoramide;

    (53)Thiofentanyl (N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-thienyl)ethyl-4- piperidinyl]-propanamide);

    (54) Tilidine;

    (55) Trimeperidine.

    (c) Opium derivatives. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the following opium immediate derivatives, its salts, isomers and salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

    (1) Acetorphine;

    (2) Acetyldihydrocodeine;

    (3) Benzylmorphine;

    (4) Codeine methylbromide;

    (5) Codeine-N-Oxide;

    (6) Cyprenorphine;

    (7) Desomorphine;

    (8) Dihydromorphine;

    (9) Drotebanol;

    (10) Etorphine (except HCl Salt);

    (11) Heroin;

    (12) Hydromorphinol;

    (13) Methyldesorphine;

    (14) Methyldihydromorphine;

    (15) Morphine methylbromide;

    (16) Morphine methylsulfonate;

    (17) Morphine-N-Oxide;

    (18) Myrophine;

    (19) Nicocodeine;

    (20) Nicomorphine;

    (21) Normorphine;

    (22) Pholcodine;

    (23) Thebacon.

    (d) Hallucinogenic substances. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation, which contains any quantity of the following hallucinogenic substances, or which contains any of its salts, isomers and salts of isomers, whenever the existence of such salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation (for purposes of this subsection only, the term "isomer" includes the optical, position and geometric isomers):

    (1) Alpha-ethyltryptamine; some trade or other names: etryptamine; Monase; alpha-ethyl-1H-indole-3-ethanamine; 3-(2- aminobutyl) indole; alpha-ET; and AET;

    (2) 4-bromo-2, 5-dimethoxy-amphetamine; some trade or other names: 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxy-alpha-methylphenethylamine; 4-bromo- 2,5-DMA;

    (3) 4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine; some trade or other names: 2-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-aminoethane; alpha- desmethyl DOB; 2C-B, Nexus;

    (4) 2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine; some trade or other names: 2,5-dimethoxy-alpha-methylphenethylamine; 2,5-DMA;

    (5) 2,5-dimethoxy-4-ethylamphet-amine; some trade or other names: DOET;

    (6) 2,5-dimethoxy-4-(n)-propylthiophenethylamine (other name: 2C-T-7);

    (6) (7) 4-methoxyamphetamine; some trade or other names: 4-methoxy-alpha-methylphenethylamine; paramethoxyamphetamine; PMA;

    (7) (8) 5-methyloxy-3 5-methoxy-3, 4-methylenedioxy-amphetamine;

    (8) (9) 4-methyl-2,5-dimethoxy-amphetamine; some trade and other names: 4-methyl-2,5-dimethoxy-alpha-methylphenethylamine; "DOM"; and "STP";

    (9) (10) 3,4-methylenedioxy amphetamine;

    (10) (11) 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA);

    (11) (12) 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (also known as N- ethyl-alpha-methyl-3,4 (methylenedioxy) phenethylamine, N-ethyl MDA, MDE, MDEA);

    (12) (13) N-hydroxy-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (also known as N- hydroxy-alpha-methyl-3,4 (methylenedioxy) phenethylamine, and N- hydroxy MDA);

    (13) (14) 3,4,5-trimethoxy amphetamine;

    (15) 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT);

    (16) Alpha-methyltryptamine (other name:AMT);

    (14) (17) Bufotenine; some trade and other names: 3-(beta-Dimethylaminoethyl)-5-hydroxyindole;3-(2-dimethylaminoethyl) -5-indolol; N, N-dimethylserotonin; 5-hydroxy-N,N- dimethyltryptamine; mappine;

    (15) (18) Diethyltryptamine; some trade and other names: N, N-Diethyltryptamine; DET;

    (16) (19) Dimethyltryptamine; some trade or other names: DMT;

    (20) 5-Methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DIPT);

    (17) (21) Ibogaine; some trade and other names: 7-Ethyl-6, 6 Beta, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13-octahydro-2-methoxy-6, 9-methano-5H- pyrido [1', 2': 1, 2] azepino [5,4-b] indole; Tabernanthe iboga;

    (18) (22) Lysergic acid diethylamide;

    (19) (23) Marihuana;

    (20) (24) Mescaline;

    (21) (25) Parahexyl-7374; some trade or other names: 3-Hexyl -1-hydroxy-7, 8, 9, 10-tetrahydro-6, 6, 9-trimethyl-6H-dibenzo [b,d] pyran; Synhexyl;

    (22) (26) Peyote; meaning all parts of the plant presently classified botanically as Lophophora williamsii Lemaire, whether growing or not, the seeds thereof, any extract from any part of such plant, and every compound, manufacture, salts, immediate derivative, mixture or preparation of such plant, its seeds or extracts;

    (23) (27) N-ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate;

    (24) (28) N-methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate;

    (25) (29) Psilocybin;

    (26) (30) Psilocyn;

    (27) (31) Tetrahydrocannabinols; synthetic equivalents of the substances contained in the plant, or in the resinous extractives of Cannabis, sp. and/or synthetic substances, immediate derivatives and their isomers with similar chemical structure and pharmacological activity such as the following:

    delta-1 Cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, and their optical isomers;

    delta-6 Cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, and their optical isomers;

    delta-3,4 Cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, and its optical isomers;

    (Since nomenclature of these substances is not internationally standardized, compounds of these structures, regardless of numerical designation of atomic positions covered.)

    (28) (32) Ethylamine analog of phencyclidine; some trade or other names: N-ethyl-1-phenylcyclohexylamine, (1-phenylcyclohexyl) ethylamine, N-(1-phenylcyclohexyl) ethylamine, cyclohexamine, PCE;

    (29) (33) Pyrrolidine analog of phencyclidine; some trade or other names: 1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl)-pyrrolidine, PCPy, PHP;

    (30) (34) Thiophene analog of phencyclidine; some trade or other names: 1-[1-(2-thienyl)-cyclohexyl]-piperidine, 2-thienylanalog of phencyclidine; TPCP, TCP;

    (31) (35) 1[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]pyrroldine; some other names: TCPy.

    (32) (36) Synthetic Cannabinoids as follows:

    (a) (A) 2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-5-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)(phenol) {also known as CP 47,497 and homologues};

    (b) (B) rel-2-[(1S,3R)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-5-(2-methylnonan-2-yl)phenol {also known as CP 47,497-C8 homolog};

    (c) (C) [(6aR)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol)] {also known as HU-210};

    (d) (D) (dexanabinol, (6aS,10aS)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzol[c]chromen-1-ol) {also known as HU-211};

    (e) (E) 1-Pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole {also known as JWH-018};

    (f) (F) 1-Butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole {also known as JWH-073};

    (g) (G) (2-methyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1napthalenyl 1-naphthalenyl-methanone {also known as JWH-015};

    (h) (H) (1-hexyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-naphthalenyl-methanone {also known as JWH-019};

    (i) (I) [1-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl]-1H-indol-3-yl]- 1-naphthalenyl (1-naphthalenyl) methanone {also known as JWH-200};

    (j) (J) 1-(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-2-(3-hydroxyphenyl 3-methoxyphenyl)-ethanone {also known as JWH-250};

    (k) (K) 2-((1S,2S,5S)-5-hydroxy-2-(3-hydroxtpropyl 3-hydroxypropyl)(cyclohexyl)-5-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)phenol {also known as CP 55,940};

    (l) (L) (4-methyl-1-naphthalenyl)(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-methanone {also known as JWH-122};

    (m) (M) (4-methyl-1-naphthalenyl)(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl) (4-chloronaphthalen-1-yl)(1-pentylindolin-3-yl)- methanone {also known as JWH-398};

    (n) (N) (4-methoxyphenyl)(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methanone {also known as RCS-4};

    (o) (O) 1-(1-(2-cyclohexylethyl)-(1H-indol-3-yl)-2-(2-methoxyphenyl)ethanone {also known as RCS-8}; and

    (P) Since nomenclature of these substances is not internationally standardized, any immediate precursor or immediate derivative of these substances shall be covered.

    (e) Depressants. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

    (1) Mecloqualone;

    (2) Methaqualone;

    (3) Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid (GHB).

    (f) Stimulants. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers:

    (1) Aminorex; some other names: aminoxaphen; 2-amino-5- phenyl-2-oxazoline; or 4,5-dihydro-5-phenyl-2-oxazolamine;

    (2) Cathinone; some trade or other names: 2-amino-1-phenyl-1- propanone, alpha-aminopropiophenone, 2-aminopropiophenone, and norephedrone;

    (3) Fenethylline;

    (4) Methcathinone, its immediate precursors and immediate derivatives, its salts, optical isomers and salts of optical isomers; some other names: (2-(methylamino)-propiophenone; alpha-(methylamino)propiophenone; 2-(methylamino)-1-phenylpropan-1- one; alpha-N-methylaminopropiophenone; monomethylpropion; 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone and/or mephedrone;3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MPVD) (MDPV); ephedrone; N-methylcathinone; methylcathinone; AL-464; AL-422; AL- 463 and UR1432;

    (5) (+-) cis-4-methylaminorex; ((+-)cis-4,5-dihydro-4-methyl- 5-phenyl-2-oxazolamine);

    (6) N-ethylamphetamine;

    (7) N,N-dimethylamphetemine N,N dimethylamphetamine; also known as N,N-alpha- trimethyl-benzeneethanamine; N,N-alpha-trimethylphenethylamine.

    (g) Temporary listing of substances subject to emergency scheduling. -- Any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances:

    (1) N-[1-benzyl-4-piperidyl]-N-phenylpropanamide (benzylfentanyl), its optical isomers, salts, and salts of isomers;

    (2) N-[1-(2-thienyl)methyl-4-piperidyl]-N-phenylpropanamide (thenylfentanyl), its optical isomers, salts and salts of isomers; or

    (8) (3) N-benzylpiperazine, also known as BZP.

§60A-2-206. Schedule II.

    (a) Schedule II consists of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name or brand name designated, listed in this section.

    (b) Substances, vegetable origin or chemical synthesis. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the following substances whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:

    (1) Opium and opiate, and any salt, compound, derivative or preparation of opium or opiate excluding apomorphine, thebaine-derived butorphanol, dextrorphan, nalbuphine, nalmefene, naloxone and naltrexone, and their respective salts, but including the following:

    (A) Raw opium;

    (B) Opium extracts;

    (C) Opium fluid;

    (D) Powdered opium;

    (E) Granulated opium;

    (F) Tincture of opium;

    (G) Codeine;

    (H) Dihydroetorphine;

    (H) (I) Ethylmorphine;

    (I) (J) Etorphine hydrochloride;

    (J) (K) Hydrocodone;

    (K) (L) Hydromorphone;

    (L) (M) Metopon;

    (M) (N) Morphine;

    (O) Oripavine;

    (N) (P) Oxycodone;

    (O) (Q) Oxymorphone;

    (P) (R) Thebaine.

    (2) Any salt, compound, derivative or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of the substances referred to in subdivision (1) of this subsection, except that these substances shall not include the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium;

    (3) Opium poppy and poppy straw;

    (4) Coca leaves and any salt, compound, derivative or preparation of coca leaves (including cocaine and ecgonine and their salts, isomers, derivatives and salts of isomers and derivatives), and any salt, compound, derivative or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of these substances, except that the substances shall not include decocainized coca leaves or extractions of coca leaves, which extractions do not contain cocaine or ecgonine;

    (5) Concentrate of poppy straw (the crude extract of poppy straw in either liquid, solid or powder form which contains the phenanthrene alkaloids of the opium poppy).

    (c) Opiates. – Unless specifically excepted or unless in another schedule, any of the following opiates, including its isomers, esters, ethers, salts and salts of isomers, esters and ethers whenever the existence of such isomers, esters, ethers and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation, dextrorphan and levopropoxyphene excepted:

    (1) Alfentanil;

    (2) Alphaprodine;

    (3) Anileridine;

    (4) Bezitramide;

    (5) Bulk dextropropoxyphene (nondosage forms);

    (6) Carfentanil;

    (7) Dihydrocodeine;

    (8) Diphenoxylate;

    (9) Fentanyl;

    (10) Isomethadone;

    (11) Levo-alphacetylmethadol; some other names: levo-alpha-acetylmethadol, levomethadyl acetate, LAAM;

    (12) Levomethorphan;

    (13) Levorphanol;

    (14) Metazocine;

    (15) Methadone;

    (16) Methadone-Intermediate, 4-cyano-2-dimethylamino-4, 4-diphenyl butane;

    (17) Moramide-Intermediate, 2-methyl-3-morpholino-1,

1-diphenylpropane-carboxylic acid;

    (18) Pethidine; (meperidine);

    (19)Pethidine-Intermediate-A, 4-cyano-1-methyl-4- phenylpiperidine;

    (20) Pethidine-Intermediate-B, ethyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate;

    (21) Pethidine-Intermediate-C, 1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid;

    (22) Phenazocine;

    (23) Piminodine;

    (24) Racemethorphan;

    (25) Racemorphan;

    (26) Remifentanil;

    (27) Sufentanil;

    (28) Tapentadol.

    (d) Stimulants. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system:

    (1) Amphetamine, its salts, optical isomers and salts of its optical isomers;

    (2) Methamphetamine, its salts, isomers and salts of its isomers;

    (3) Methylphenidate;

    (4) Phenmetrazine and its salts;

    (5) Lisdexamfetamine.

    (e) Depressants. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

    (1) Amobarbital;

    (2) Glutethimide;

    (3) Pentobarbital;

    (4) Phencyclidine;

    (5) Secobarbital.

    (f) Hallucinogenic substances:

    Nabilone: [Another name for nabilone: (+-)-trans-3-(1, 1-dimethylheptyl)-6, 6a, 7, 8, 10, 10a-hexahydro-1-hydroxy-6, 6-dimethyl-9H-dibenzo [b,d] pyran-9-one].

    (g) Immediate precursors. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances:

    (1) Immediate precursor to amphetamine and methamphetamine:

    (A) Phenylacetone;

    Some trade or other names: phenyl-2-propanone; P2P; benzyl methyl ketone; methyl benzyl ketone;

    (2) Immediate precursors to phencyclidine (PCP):

    (A) 1-phenylcyclohexylamine;

    (B) 1-piperidinocyclohexanecarbonitrile (PCC);

    (3) Immediate precursor to fentanyl:

    (4) 4-anilino-N-phenethyl-4-piperidine (ANPP).

§60A-2-208. Schedule III.

    (a) Schedule III consists of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name or brand name designated, listed in this section.

    (b) Stimulants. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers (whether optical, position or geometric), and salts of such isomers whenever the existence of the salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

    (1) Those compounds, mixtures or preparations in dosage unit form containing any stimulant substances listed in Schedule II which compounds, mixtures or preparations were listed on August 25, 1971, as excepted compounds under 21 C. F. R. §1308.32, and any other drug of the quantitative composition shown in that list for those drugs or which is the same except that it contains a lesser quantity of controlled substances;

    (2) Benzphetamine;

    (3) Chlorphentermine;

    (4) Clortermine;

    (5) Phendimetrazine.

    (6) Hydrocodone.

    (c) Depressants. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system:

    (1) Any compound, mixture or preparation containing:

    (A) Amobarbital;

    (B) Secobarbital;

    (C) Pentobarbital; or any salt of pentobarbital and one or more other active medicinal ingredients which are not listed in any schedule;

    (2) Any suppository dosage form containing:

    (A) Amobarbital;

    (B) Secobarbital;

    (C) Pentobarbital; or any salt of any of these drugs and approved by the food and drug administration for marketing only as a suppository;

    (3) Any substance which contains any quantity of a derivative of barbituric acid or any salt of barbituric acid;

    (4) Aprobarbital;

    (5) Butabarbital (secbutabarbital);

    (6) Butalbital;

    (7) Butobarbital (butethal);

    (4) (8) Chlorhexadol;

    (9) Embutramide;

    (10) Gamma Hydroxybutryic Acid preparations (sodium oxybate);

    (11) Ketamine, its salts, isomers and salts of isomers [Some other names for ketamine: (+-)-2-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)-cyclohexanone];

    (5) (12) Lysergic acid;

    (6) (13) Lysergic acid amide;

    (7) (14) Methyprylon;

    (8) (15) Sulfondiethylmethane;

    (9) (16) Sulfonethylmethane;

    (10) (17) Sulfonmethane;

    (18) Thiamylal;

    (19) Thiopental;

    (11) (20) Tiletamine and zolazepam or any salt of tiletamine and zolazepam; some trade or other names for a tiletamine-zolazepam combination product: Telazol; some trade or other names for tiletamine: 2-(ethylamino)-2-(2-thienyl)-cyclohexanone; some trade or other names for zolazepam: 4-(2-flurophenyl)-6, 8-dihydro-1, 3, 8-trimethylpyrazolo-[3,4-e] [1,4]-diazepin-7(1H)-one, flupyrazapon;

    (12) Human growth hormones or anabolic steroids.

    Ketamine, its salts, isomers and salts of isomers, including ketamine hydrochloride.

    (21) Vinbarbital.

    (d) Nalorphine.

    (e) Narcotic drugs. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule:

    (1) Any material, compound, mixture or preparation containing any of the following narcotic drugs, or their salts calculated as the free anhydrous base or alkaloid, in limited quantities as set forth below:

    (1) (A) Not more than 1.8 grams of codeine per 100 milliliters and not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with an equal or greater quantity of an isoquinoline alkaloid of opium;

    (2) (B) Not more than 1.8 grams of codeine per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts;

    (3) (C) Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone (hydrocodone) per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with a fourfold or greater quantity of an isoquinoline alkaloid of opium;

    (4) (D) Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone (hydrocodone) per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts;

    (5) (E) Not more than 1.8 grams of dihydrocodeine per 100 milliliters and not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts;

    (6) (F) Not more than 300 milligrams of ethylmorphine per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts;

    (7) (G) Not more than 500 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams or not more than 25 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts;

    (8) (H) Not more than 50 milligrams of morphine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.

    (2) Any material, compound, mixture or preparation containing any of the following narcotic drugs or their salts, as set forth below:

    (A) Buprenorphine.

    (f) Anabolic steroids. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any quantity of anabolic steroids, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers whenever the existence of the salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation.

    (g) Human Growth Hormones.

    (g) (h) Dronabinol (synthetic) in sesame oil and encapsulated in a soft gelatin capsule in a United States food and drug administration approved drug product. (Some other names for dronabinol: (6aR-trans)-6a, 7, 8, 10a- tetrahydro-6, 6, 9-trimethyl-3-pentyl-6H-dibenzo [b,d] pyran-1- ol or (-)-delta-9-(trans)-tetrahydrocannabinol).

§60A-2-210. Schedule IV.

    (a) Schedule IV shall consist of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name, or brand name designated, listed in this section.

    (b) Narcotic drugs. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any of the following narcotic drugs, or their salts calculated as the free anhydrous base or alkaloid, in limited quantities as set forth below:

    (1) Not more than 1 milligram of difenoxin and not less than 25 micrograms of atropine sulfate per dosage unit;

    (2) Dextropropoxyphene (alpha-(+)-4-dimethylamino-1,2-diphenyl-3-methyl-2-propionoxybutane).

    (c) Depressants. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

    (1) Alprazolam;

    (2) Barbital;

    (3) Bromazepam;

    (4) Camazepam;

    (5) Carisoprodol;

    (6) Chloral betaine;

    (7) Chloral hydrate;

    (8) Chlordiazepoxide;

    (9) Clobazam;

    (10) Clonazepam;

    (11) Clorazepate;

    (12) Clotiazepam;

    (13) Cloxazolam;

    (14) Delorazepam;

    (15) Diazepam;

    (16) Dichloralphenazone;

    (16) (17) Estazolam;

    (17) (18) Ethchlorvynol;

    (18) (19) Ethinamate;

    (19) (20) Ethyl loflazepate;

    (20) (21) Fludiazepam;

    (21) (22) Flunitrazepam;

    (22) (23) Flurazepam;

    (24) Fospropofol;

    (23) (25) Halazepam;

    (24) (26) Haloxazolam;

    (25) (27) Ketazolam;

    (26) (28) Loprazolam;

    (27) (29) Lorazepam;

    (28) (30) Lormetazepam;

    (29) (31) Mebutamate;

    (30) (32) Medazepam;

    (31) (33) Meprobamate;

    (32) (34) Methohexital;

    (33) (35) Methylphenobarbital (mephobarbital);

    (34) (36) Midazolam;

    (35) (37) Nimetazepam;

    (36) (38) Nitrazepam;

    (37) (39) Nordiazepam;

    (38) (40) Oxazepam;

    (39) (41) Oxazolam;

    (40) (42) Paraldehyde;

    (41) (43) Petrichloral;

    (42) (44) Phenobarbital;

    (43) (45) Pinazepam;

    (44) (46) Prazepam;

    (45) (47) Quazepam;

    (46) (48) Temazepam;

    (47) (49) Tetrazepam;

    (48) (50) Triazolam;

    (51) Zaleplon;

    (49) (52) Zolpidem;

    (53) Zopiclone.

    (d) Fenfluramine. – Any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substance, including its salts, isomers (whether optical, position or geometric) and salts of such isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible: Fenfluramine, Dexfenfluramine.

    (e) Stimulants. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers:

    (1) Cathine ((+)-norpseudoephedrine);

    (2) Diethylpropion;

    (3) Fencamfamin;

    (4) Fenproporex;

    (5) Mazindol;

    (6) Mefenorex;

    (7) Modafinil;

    (7) (8) Pemoline (including organometallic complexes and chelates thereof);

    (8) (9) Phentermine;

    (9) (10) Pipradrol;

    (11) Sibutramine;

    (10) (12) SPA ((-)-1-dimethylamino-1,2-diphenylethane).

    (f) Other substances. – Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances, including its salts:

    (1) Pentazocine;

    (2) Butorphanol.

    Amyl nitrite, butyl nitrite, isobutyl nitrite and the other organic nitrites are controlled substances and no product containing these compounds as a significant component shall be possessed, bought or sold other than pursuant to a bona fide prescription or for industrial or manufacturing purposes.

§60A-2-212. Schedule V.

    (a) Schedule V shall consist of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name, or brand name designated, listed in this section.

    (b) Narcotic drugs. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation containing any of the following narcotic drugs and their salts, as set forth below:

    (1) Buprenorphine.

    (c) (b) Narcotic drugs containing nonnarcotic active medicinal ingredients. Any compound, mixture or preparation containing any of the following narcotic drugs or their salts calculated as the free anhydrous base or alkaloid in limited quantities as set forth below, which shall include one or more nonnarcotic active medicinal ingredients in sufficient proportion to confer upon the compound, mixture or preparation valuable medicinal qualities other than those possessed by the narcotic drug alone:

    (1) Not more than 200 milligrams of codeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams;

    (2) Not more than 100 milligrams of dihydrocodeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams;

    (3) Not more than 100 milligrams of ethylmorphine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams;

    (4) Not more than 2.5 milligrams of diphenoxylate and not less than 25 micrograms of atropine sulfate per dosage unit;

    (5) Not more than 100 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams;

    (6) Not more than 0.5 milligrams of difenoxin and not less than 25 micrograms of atropine sulfate per dosage unit.

    (d) (c) Stimulants. -- Unless specifically exempted or excluded or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers:

    (1) Pyrovalerone.

    (e) (d) Any compound, mixture or preparation containing as its single active ingredient ephedrine, pseudoephedrine or phenylpropanolamine, their salts or optical isomers, or salts of optical isomers except products which are for pediatric use primarily intended for administration to children under the age of twelve: Provided, That neither the offenses set forth in section four hundred one, article four of this chapter, nor the penalties therein, shall be applicable to ephedrine, pseudoephedrine or phenylpropanolamine which shall be subject to the provisions of article ten of this chapter.

    (e) Depressants. – Unless specifically exempted or excluded or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts:

    (1) Ezogabine [N-[2-amino-4-(4-fluorobenzylamino)-phenyl]-carbamic acid ethyl ester];

    (2)Lacosamide [(R)-2-acetoamido- N -benzyl-3-methoxy-propionamide];

    (3) Pregabalin [(S)-3-(aminomethyl)-5-methylhexanoic acid].

ARTICLE 3. REGULATION OF MANUFACTURE, DISTRIBUTION AND DISPENSING OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES.

§60A-3-308. Prescriptions.

    (a) Except when dispensed directly by a practitioner, other than a pharmacy, to an ultimate user, no controlled substance in Schedule II may be dispensed without the lawful prescription of a practitioner.

    (b) In emergency situations, as defined by rule of the said appropriate department, board or agency, Schedule II drugs may be dispensed upon oral prescription of a practitioner, reduced promptly to writing and filed by the pharmacy. Prescription shall be retained in conformity with the requirements of section three hundred six of this article. No prescription for a Schedule II substance may be refilled.

    (c) Except when dispensed directly by a practitioner, other than a pharmacy, to an ultimate user, a controlled substance included in Schedule III or IV, which is a prescription drug as determined under appropriate state or federal statute, shall not be dispensed without a lawful prescription of a practitioner. The prescription shall not be filled or refilled more than six months after the date thereof or be refilled more than five times unless renewed by the practitioner: Provided, That prescriptions for products containing hydrocodone as described in paragraphs (C) and (D), subdivision (1), subsection (e), section two hundred eight, article two of this chapter shall not be filled for more than a one month supply or filled or refilled more than three months after the date of the original prescription. Such prescriptions may not be refilled more than twice unless renewal by the prescription.

    (d) (1) A controlled substance included in Schedule V shall not be distributed or dispensed other than for a medicinal purpose: Provided, That buprenorphine shall be dispensed only by prescription pursuant to subsections (a), (b) and (c) of this section: Provided, however, That the controlled substances included in subsection (e), section two hundred twelve, article two of this chapter shall be dispensed, sold or distributed only by a physician, in a pharmacy by a pharmacist or pharmacy technician, or health care professional.

    (2) If the substance described in subsection (e), section two hundred twelve, article two of this chapter is dispensed, sold or distributed in a pharmacy:

    (A) The substance shall be dispensed, sold or distributed only by a pharmacist or a pharmacy technician; and

    (B) Any person purchasing, receiving or otherwise acquiring any such substance shall produce a photographic identification issued by a state or federal governmental entity reflecting his or her date of birth.

    (e) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, on or after September 1, 2012, any practitioner or entity prescribing or dispensing a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone to treat opioid addiction shall only prescribe or dispense said product in the form of sublingual film unless the sublingual film is clinically contraindicated. If the prescriber or dispenser determines that sublingual film is contraindicated he or she shall document the reasons for not dispensing sublingual film in the patient’s file or chart.

 

 

 

 

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