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Chapter 61     Entire Code
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Chapter 61  |  Article 61 - 8A  |  Section 1

WVC 61 - 8 A- 1 §61-8A-1. Definitions.

     When used in this article, the following words, and any variations thereof required by the context, shall have the meaning ascribed to them in this section:

     (a) "Adult" means a person eighteen years of age or older.

     (b) "Computer" means an electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical or other high-speed data processing device performing logical, arithmetic or storage functions and includes any data storage facility or communication facility directly related to or operating in conjunction with such device. As used in this article, computer includes file servers, mainframe systems, desktop personal computers, laptop personal computers, tablet personal computers, cellular telephones, game consoles and any electronic data storage device or equipment. The term "computer" includes any connected or directly related device, equipment or facility which enables the computer to store, retrieve or communicate computer programs, computer data or the results of computer operations to or from a person, another computer or another device, but such term does not include an automated typewriter or typesetter, a portable hand-held calculator or other similar device.

     (c) "Computer network" means the interconnection of hardware or wireless communication lines with a computer through remote terminals, or a complex consisting of two or more interconnected computers.

     (d) "Display" means to show, exhibit or expose matter, in a manner visible to general or invited public, including minors. As used in this article, display shall include the placing or exhibiting of matter on or in a billboard, viewing screen, theater, marquee, newsstand, display rack, window, showcase, display case or similar public place.

     (e) "Distribute" means to transfer possession, transport, transmit, sell or rent, whether with or without consideration.

     (f) "Employee" means any individual who renders personal services in the course of a business, who receives compensation and who has no financial interest in the ownership or operation of the business other than his or her salary or wages.

     (g) "Internet" means the international computer network of both federal and nonfederal interoperable packet switched data networks.

     (h) "Knowledge of the character of the matter" means having awareness of or notice of the overall sexual content and character of matter as depicting, representing or describing obscene matter.

     (I) "Matter" means any visual, audio, or physical item, article, production transmission, publication, exhibition, or live performance, or reproduction thereof, including any two- or three- dimensional visual or written material, film, picture, drawing, video, graphic, or computer generated or reproduced image; or any book, magazine, newspaper or other visual or written material; or any motion picture or other pictorial representation; or any statue or other figure; or any recording, transcription, or mechanical, chemical, or electrical reproduction; or any other articles, video laser disc, computer hardware and software, or computer generated images or message recording, transcription, or object, or any public or commercial live exhibition performed for consideration or before an audience of one or more.

     (j) "Minor" means an unemancipated person under eighteen years of age.

     (k) "Obscene matter" means matter that:

     (1) An average person, applying contemporary adult community standards, would find, taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest, is intended to appeal to the prurient interest, or is pandered to a prurient interest;

     (2) An average person, applying community standards, would find depicts or describes, in a patently offensive way, sexually explicit conduct; and

     (3) A reasonable person would find, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political or scientific value.

     (l) "Parent" includes a biological or adoptive parent, legal guardian or legal custodian.

     (m) "Person" means any adult, partnership, firm, association, corporation or other legal entity.

     (n) "Sexually explicit conduct" means an ultimate sexual act, normal or perverted, actual or simulated, including sexual intercourse, sodomy, oral copulation, sexual bestiality, sexual sadism and masochism, masturbation, excretory functions and lewd exhibition of the genitals. WVC 61 - 8 A- 2 §61-8A-2. Distribution and display to minor of obscene matter; penalties; defenses.

(a) Any adult, with knowledge of the character of the matter, who knowingly and intentionally distributes, offers to distribute, or displays to a minor any obscene matter, is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than twenty-five thousand dollars, or confined in a state correctional facility for not more than five years, or both.

(b) It is a defense to a prosecution under the provisions of this section that the obscene matter:

(1) Was displayed in an area from which minors are physically excluded and the matter so located cannot be viewed by a minor from nonrestricted areas; or

(2) Was covered by a device, commonly known as a "blinder rack," such that the lower two thirds of the cover of the material is not exposed to view; or

(3) Was enclosed in an opaque wrapper such that the lower two thirds of the cover of the material was not exposed to view; or

(4) Was displayed or distributed after taking reasonable steps to receive, obtain or check an adult identification card, such as a driver's license or other technically or reasonably feasible means of verification of age.

(c) It is a defense to an alleged violation under this section that a parent had taken reasonable steps to limit the minor's access to the obscene matter.

WVC 61 - 8 A- 3 §61-8A-3. Exemptions from criminal liability.
The criminal provisions of section two of this article do not apply to:

(a) A bona fide school, in the presentation of local or state approved curriculum;

(b) A public library, or museum, which is displaying or distributing any obscene matter to a minor only when the minor was accompanied by his or her parent;

(c) A licensed medical or mental health care provider, or judicial or law-enforcement officer, during the course of medical, psychiatric, or psychological treatment or judicial or law-enforcement activities;

(d) A person who did not know or have reason to know, and could not reasonably have learned, that the person to whom the obscene matter was distributed or displayed was a minor and who took reasonable measures to ascertain the identity and age of the minor;

(e) A person who routinely distributes obscene matter by the use of telephone, computer network or the internet and who distributes such matter to any minor under the age of eighteen years after the person has taken reasonable measures to prevent access by minors to the obscene matter; or

(f) A radio or television station, cable television service or other telecommunications service regulated by the federal communications commission.

WVC 61-8A-4

§61-8A-4.  Use of obscene matter with intent to seduce minor.

Any adult, having knowledge of the character of the matter, who knows or believes that a person is a minor at least four years younger than the adult, and distributes, offers to distribute or displays by any means any obscene matter to the person who is known or believed to be a minor at least four years younger than the adult, and such distribution, offer to distribute, or display is undertaken with the intent or for the purpose of facilitating the sexual seduction or abuse of the minor, is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $25,000, or imprisoned in a state correctional facility for not more than five years, or both.  For a second and each subsequent commission of such offense, such person is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, shall be fined not more than $50,000 or imprisoned in a state correctional facility for not more than ten years, or both.

WVC 61 - 8 A- 5 §61-8A-5. Employment or use of minor to produce obscene matter or assist in doing sexually explicit conduct; penalties.
Any adult who, with knowledge that a person is a minor or who fails to exercise reasonable care in ascertaining the age of a minor, hires, employs or uses such minor to produce obscene matter or to do or assist in doing any sexually explicit conduct, is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than fifty thousand dollars or confined in a state correctional facility for not more than ten years, or both.

WVC 61 - 8 A- 6 §61-8A-6.

Acts, 2000 Reg. Sess., Ch. 193.

WVC 61 - 8 A- 7 §61-8A-7.

Acts, 2000 Reg. Sess., Ch. 193.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2016 Regular Session
The West Virginia Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.

Recent legislation affecting the Code

Citation Year/Session Short Title
§61 - 2 - 14 A - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB206 SUB1 enr  (Uploaded - 04/04/2017)
Relating generally to criminal offense of kidnapping
§61 - 8 D- 1 A - (New Code)
§61 - 8 D- 2 A - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB288 SUB1 enr  (Uploaded - 04/11/2017)
Increasing penalty for crime of child abuse causing death by parent, guardian, custodian or other person
§61 - 2 - 9 - (Amended Code)
§61 - 2 - 28 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB442 SUB1 enr  (Uploaded - 04/03/2017)
Relating generally to crimes against persons
§61 - 6 - 23 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB575 SUB1 enr  (Uploaded - 04/05/2017)
Relating generally to shooting ranges
§61 - 2 - 17 - (Repealed Code)
§61 - 14 - 1 - (New Code)
§61 - 14 - 2 - (New Code)
§61 - 14 - 3 - (New Code)
§61 - 14 - 4 - (New Code)
§61 - 14 - 5 - (New Code)
§61 - 14 - 6 - (New Code)
§61 - 14 - 7 - (New Code)
§61 - 14 - 8 - (New Code)
§61 - 14 - 9 - (New Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2318 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/25/2017)
Relating generally to human trafficking
§61 - 3 B- 1 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB43 SUB1 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/11/2016)
Clarifying means of posting to prohibit hunting or trespassing
§61 - 3 B- 3 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB323 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/10/2016)
Correcting statute subsection designations regarding trespassing on property
§61 - 8 D- 10 - (New Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB326 SUB1 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/11/2016)
Repeal and recodify law relating to contributing to delinquency of minor child
§61 - 7 A- 1 - (Amended Code)
§61 - 7 A- 2 - (Amended Code)
§61 - 7 A- 3 - (Amended Code)
§61 - 7 A- 4 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB338 SUB1 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/11/2016)
Compiling and maintaining Central State Mental Health Registry
§61 - 2 - 10 A - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB361 SUB1 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/18/2016)
Prohibiting persons who have committed crimes against elderly from performing community service involving elderly
§61 - 3 - 29 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB567 SUB1 enr  (Uploaded - 03/18/2016)
Providing protection against property crimes committed against coal mines, railroads, utilities and other industrial facilities
§61 - 2 - 10 B - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB578 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/18/2016)
Protecting utility workers from crimes against person
§61 - 8 - 30 - (New Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2122 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/07/2016)
Making it illegal for first responders to photograph a corpse; Jonathan's Law
§61 - 8 - 31 - (New Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2205 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/23/2016)
Creating the crime of prohibited sexual contact by a psychotherapist
§61 - 3 C- 14 B - (Amended Code)
§61 - 8 A- 4 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2366 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/17/2016)
Relating generally to the solicitation of minors
§61 - 11 - 22 A - (New Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

hb2494 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/15/2016)
Creating a provisional plea process in criminal cases
§61 - 3 E- 1 - (Amended Code)
§61 - 3 E- 11 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2852 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/09/2016)
Relating to legalizing and regulating the sale and use of fireworks
§61 - 6 - 23 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB4174 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/18/2016)
Exempting activity at indoor shooting ranges from the prohibition of shooting or discharging a firearm within five hundred feet of any church or dwelling house
§61 - 8 - 19 A - (Amended Code)
§61 - 8 - 19 B - (Amended Code)
§61 - 8 - 19 C - (New Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB4201 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/16/2016)
Increasing the criminal penalties for participating in an animal fighting venture
§61 - 2 - 29 B - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

hb4309 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/23/2016)
Increasing criminal penalties for conviction of certain offenses of financial exploitation of an elderly person
§61 - 10 - 33 - (New Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB4314 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/15/2016)
Prohibiting the sale of powdered or crystalline alcohol
§61 - 2 - 9 D - (New Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

hb4362 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/05/2016)
Establishing a felony offense of strangulation
§61 - 3 C- 14 A - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB4448 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/16/2016)
Clarifying that communication by a lender or debt collector which is allowed under the West Virginia Consumer Credit and Protection Act, likewise does not violate the provisions of the West Virginia Computer Crime and Abuse Act
§61 - 11 A- 8 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

hb4558 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/23/2016)
Relating to victim notification and designation of additional individuals to receive notice of an offender's release
§61 - 5 - 27 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

hb4724 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/18/2016)
Relating to adding a requirement for the likelihood of imminent lawless action to the prerequisites for the crime of intimidation and retaliation
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