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Chapter 61     Entire Code
‹ Chapter 60A  |  Chapter 62 › Printer Friendly Versions
Chapter 61  |  Article 61 - 4  |  Section 1
WVC 61- CHAPTER 61. CRIMES AND THEIR PUNISHMENT.
WVC -4- ARTICLE 4. FORGERY AND CRIMES AGAINST THE CURRENCY.

WVC 61-4-1 §61-4-1. Forgery of public record, certificate, return or attestation of court or officer; penalty.
If any person forge a public record, or a certificate, return or attestation of a clerk of a court, notary public, judge, justice, or any public officer, in relation to any matter wherein such certificate, return, or attestation may be received as legal proof, or utter or attempt to employ as true such forged record, certificate, return or attestation, knowing the same to be forged, he shall be guilty of a felony, and, upon conviction, shall be confined in the penitentiary not less than two nor more than ten years.

WVC 61-4-2 §61-4-2. Forgery of official seals; keeping or concealing instrument for forging same; penalty.
If any person forge, or keep or conceal any instrument for the purpose of forging, the seal of a court, or of any public office or body politic or corporate in this state, he shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and, upon conviction, shall be confined in the penitentiary not less than two nor more than ten years.

WVC 61-4-3 §61-4-3. Counterfeiting; penalty.
If any person forge any coin, current by law or usage in this state, or any note or bill of a banking institution, or fraudulently make any base coin, or a note or bill purporting to be the note or bill of a banking institution, when such banking institution does not exist; or utter or attempt to employ as true, or sell, exchange or deliver, or offer to sell, exchange or deliver, or receive on sale, exchange, or delivery, with intent to utter or employ or to have the same uttered or employed as true, any such false, forged, or base coin, note or bill, knowing it to be so, he shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and, upon conviction, shall be confined in the penitentiary not less than two nor more than ten years.

WVC 61-4-4 §61-4-4. Making plates, etc., for forgery; possession of same; penalty.
If any person engrave, stamp, or cast, or otherwise make or mend any plate, block, press or other thing adapted and designed for the forging and false-making of any writing or other thing, the forging or false-making whereof is punishable by this article; or if such person have in his possession any such plate, block, press, or other thing, with intent to use, or cause or permit it to be used, in forging or false-making any such writing or other thing, he shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and, upon conviction, shall be confined in the penitentiary not less than two nor more ten years.

WVC 61-4-5 §61-4-5. Forging or uttering other writing; penalty; creation of unauthorized demand draft.
(a) If any person forge any writing, other than such as is mentioned in the first and third sections of this article, to the prejudice of another's right, or utter or attempt to employ as true such forged writing, knowing it to be forged, he shall be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, shall be confined in the penitentiary not less than one nor more than ten years, or, in the discretion of the court, be confined in jail not more than one year and be fined not exceeding five hundred dollars.

(b) It is a violation of this section to create a demand draft under the purported authority of another person for the purpose of charging the other person's account with a bank or other financial institution, or to utter or attempt to employ as true such demand draft, if the demand draft is created with the intent to defraud, and either or both of the following elements is present:

(1) The person does not, in fact, have the authority to charge the other person's account; or

(2) The amount of the demand draft exceeds the amount authorized to be charged.

(c) If a person creates a demand draft without authority or which exceeds the amount authorized to be charged to an account, and the demand draft contains the account holder's printed or typewritten name or account number, or a notation that the account holder authorized the draft, or a statement "No signature required", "Authorization on file", "Signature on file", or words to that effect, the demand draft is the equivalent of a check on which the drawer's signature is forged or altered.

(d) For purposes of this section, the term "demand draft" shall have the meaning ascribed to it in section one hundred four, article three, chapter forty-six of this code.

WVC 61-4-6 §61-4-6. Possession of counterfeit with intent to utter; penalty.
If any person have in his possession forged bank notes, or pieces of forged or base coin, such as are mentioned in the third section of this article, knowing the same to be forged or base, with intent to utter or employ the same as true, or to sell, exchange, or deliver them, so as to enable any other person to utter or employ them as true, he shall, if the number of such notes or pieces of coin in his possession, at the same time, be ten or more, be deemed guilty of a felony, and, upon conviction, shall be confined in the penitentiary not less than one nor more than five years, and if the number thereof be less than ten, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction, shall be confined in jail not less than six months nor more than one year and be fined not exceeding five hundred dollars.

WVC 61-4-7 §61-4-7. Unauthorized currency; penalty.
If any person shall, without authority of law, issue any note or other security purporting that money or other thing of value is payable by or on behalf of such person, with intent thereby to create a circulating medium, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction, shall be confined in jail not more than six months and fined not more than five hundred dollars; and the acceptance of any such note or security shall not operate as a payment of any debt or claim due or to become due to the person so accepting the same: Provided, That nothing in this section shall be so construed as to prevent the giving of checks, promissory notes, single bills, bonds, orders, drafts or bills of exchange for a debt or claim due or to become due.

WVC 61-4-8 §61-4-8. Passing or receiving unauthorized currency knowingly; penalty.
If any person not punishable under the provisions of the preceding section shall knowingly pass or receive in payment any such note or security, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction, shall be fined not less than ten nor more than one hundred dollars.

WVC 61 - 4 - 9 §61-4-9. Unauthorized use, transfer, acquisition, alteration or possession of certain benefits.

     (a) For the purposes of this section:

     (1) "Benefits" means any payment, allotments, money, goods or other things of value granted pursuant to a benefit program;

     (2) "Benefit access device" means any card, plate, account number or other means of access that can be used, alone or in conjunction with another access device, to obtain payments, allotments, benefits, money, goods or other things of value that can be used to initiate a transfer of funds;

     (3) "Benefit program" includes the Federal Food Stamp Act, Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families or other similar state or federal financial assistance program; and

     (4) "Terms of the benefit program" includes all statutes, rules, regulations or other requirements of that specific benefit program for use of the benefits.

     (b) Any person who knowingly uses, transfers, acquires, alters or possesses benefits or one or more benefit access device contrary to the terms of the benefit program shall:

     (1) If the benefits are of a value of less than $1,000, be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall for a first offense be fined not more than $1,000 or confined in a regional jail for not more than one year, or both fined and confined, and for a second and any subsequent offense shall be fined not more than $1,000 or confined in a regional jail for not less than thirty days and not more than one year;

     (2) If the benefits are of a value of $1,000 or more, but less than $5,000, be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, shall for a first offense be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned in a state correctional facility for not more than three years, or both fined and imprisoned, and for a second and any subsequent offense shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not less than six months nor more than five years, or both fined and imprisoned; and

     (3) If the benefits are of a value of $5,000 or more, be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, fined not more than $250,000 or imprisoned in a state correctional facility for not more than ten years, or both fined and imprisoned.

     (c) Any person who presents, or causes to be presented, benefits or one or more benefit access device for payment, allotments, money, goods or other things of value knowing the same to have been received, transferred or used in any manner in violation of the terms of the benefit program is:

     (1) If the benefits are of a value of less than $1,000, guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall for a first offense be fined not more than $1,000 or confined in a regional jail for not more than one year, or both fined and confined, and for a second and any subsequent conviction shall be fined not more than $1,000 or confined in a regional jail for not less than thirty days and not more than one year;

     (2) If the benefits are of a value of $1,000 or more, guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, shall for a first offense be fined not more than $20,000 or imprisoned in a state correctional facility for not more than five years, or both fined and imprisoned, and for a second and any subsequent conviction shall be fined not more than $20,000 or imprisoned in a state correctional facility for not less than one year nor more than five years, or both fined and imprisoned.

     (d) Notwithstanding the penalties contained in this section, in the case of any individual convicted of an offense under this section, the court may permit the individual to perform work approved by the court, in lieu of confinement, for the purpose of providing restitution for losses incurred by the United States and the state agency as a result of the offense for which the individual was convicted. If the court permits the individual to perform work and the individual agrees, the court shall withhold the imposition of the sentence on the condition that the individual perform the assigned work. Upon the successful completion of the assigned work the court shall waive any confinement from the sentence.

     (e) For purposes of this section, possession of two or more benefit access devices without authorization is prima facie evidence that an individual has knowledge the possession of the benefit access devices is a violation of the terms of the benefit program.

     (f) In determining the value in this section, it is permissible to cumulate amounts or values of benefits.

     (g) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, no person who knowingly acquires benefits or one or more benefit access device contrary to the terms of the benefit program may be subject to prosecution under both this section and section four, article five, chapter nine of this code for conduct arising out of the same transaction or occurrence.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2016 Regular Session
The West Virginia Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.


Recent legislation affecting the Code

Citation Year/Session Short Title
§61 - 3 B- 1 - (Amended Code)
SENATE BILL - 43
PASSED - Regular Session

SB43 SUB1 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/11/2016)
Clarifying means of posting to prohibit hunting or trespassing
§61 - 3 B- 3 - (Amended Code)
SENATE BILL - 323
PASSED - Regular Session

SB323 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/10/2016)
Correcting statute subsection designations regarding trespassing on property
§61 - 8 D- 10 - (New Code)
SENATE BILL - 326
PASSED - Regular Session

SB326 SUB1 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/11/2016)
Repeal and recodify law relating to contributing to delinquency of minor child
§61 - 7 A- 1 - (Amended Code)
§61 - 7 A- 2 - (Amended Code)
§61 - 7 A- 3 - (Amended Code)
§61 - 7 A- 4 - (Amended Code)
SENATE BILL - 338
PASSED - Regular Session

SB338 SUB1 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/11/2016)
Compiling and maintaining Central State Mental Health Registry
§61 - 2 - 10 A - (Amended Code)
SENATE BILL - 361
PASSED - Regular Session

SB361 SUB1 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/18/2016)
Prohibiting persons who have committed crimes against elderly from performing community service involving elderly
§61 - 3 - 29 - (Amended Code)
SENATE BILL - 567
PASSED - Regular Session

SB567 SUB1 enr  (Uploaded - 03/18/2016)
Providing protection against property crimes committed against coal mines, railroads, utilities and other industrial facilities
§61 - 2 - 10 B - (Amended Code)
SENATE BILL - 578
PASSED - Regular Session

SB578 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/18/2016)
Protecting utility workers from crimes against person
§61 - 8 - 30 - (New Code)
HOUSE BILL - 2122
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2122 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/07/2016)
Making it illegal for first responders to photograph a corpse; Jonathan's Law
§61 - 8 - 31 - (New Code)
HOUSE BILL - 2205
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2205 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/23/2016)
Creating the crime of prohibited sexual contact by a psychotherapist
§61 - 3 C- 14 B - (Amended Code)
§61 - 8 A- 4 - (Amended Code)
HOUSE BILL - 2366
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2366 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/17/2016)
Relating generally to the solicitation of minors
§61 - 11 - 22 A - (New Code)
HOUSE BILL - 2494
PASSED - Regular Session

hb2494 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/15/2016)
Creating a provisional plea process in criminal cases
§61 - 3 E- 1 - (Amended Code)
§61 - 3 E- 11 - (Amended Code)
HOUSE BILL - 2852
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2852 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/09/2016)
Relating to legalizing and regulating the sale and use of fireworks
§61 - 6 - 23 - (Amended Code)
HOUSE BILL - 4174
PASSED - Regular Session

HB4174 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/18/2016)
Exempting activity at indoor shooting ranges from the prohibition of shooting or discharging a firearm within five hundred feet of any church or dwelling house
§61 - 8 - 19 A - (Amended Code)
§61 - 8 - 19 B - (Amended Code)
§61 - 8 - 19 C - (New Code)
HOUSE BILL - 4201
PASSED - Regular Session

HB4201 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/16/2016)
Increasing the criminal penalties for participating in an animal fighting venture
§61 - 2 - 29 B - (Amended Code)
HOUSE BILL - 4309
PASSED - Regular Session

hb4309 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/23/2016)
Increasing criminal penalties for conviction of certain offenses of financial exploitation of an elderly person
§61 - 10 - 33 - (New Code)
HOUSE BILL - 4314
PASSED - Regular Session

HB4314 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/15/2016)
Prohibiting the sale of powdered or crystalline alcohol
§61 - 2 - 9 D - (New Code)
HOUSE BILL - 4362
PASSED - Regular Session

hb4362 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/05/2016)
Establishing a felony offense of strangulation
§61 - 3 C- 14 A - (Amended Code)
HOUSE BILL - 4448
PASSED - Regular Session

HB4448 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/16/2016)
Clarifying that communication by a lender or debt collector which is allowed under the West Virginia Consumer Credit and Protection Act, likewise does not violate the provisions of the West Virginia Computer Crime and Abuse Act
§61 - 11 A- 8 - (Amended Code)
HOUSE BILL - 4558
PASSED - Regular Session

hb4558 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/23/2016)
Relating to victim notification and designation of additional individuals to receive notice of an offender's release
§61 - 5 - 27 - (Amended Code)
HOUSE BILL - 4724
PASSED - Regular Session

hb4724 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/18/2016)
Relating to adding a requirement for the likelihood of imminent lawless action to the prerequisites for the crime of intimidation and retaliation
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