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Chapter 60 A     Entire Code
‹ Chapter 60  |  Chapter 60A › Printer Friendly Versions
Chapter 60A  |  Article 60A - 2  |  Section 209
WVC 60A- CHAPTER 60A. UNIFORM CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES ACT.
WVC -2- ARTICLE 2. STANDARDS AND SCHEDULES.

WVC 60A-2-201 §60A-2-201. Authority of state board of pharmacy; recommendations to Legislature.
(a) The state board of pharmacy shall administer the provisions of this chapter. It shall also, on the first day of each regular legislative session, recommend to the Legislature which substances should be added to or deleted from the schedules of controlled substances contained in this article or reschedule therein. The state board of pharmacy shall also have the authority between regular legislative sessions, on an emergency basis, to add to or delete from the schedules of controlled substances contained in this article or reschedule such substances based upon the recommendations and approval of the federal food, drug and cosmetic agency, and shall report such actions on the first day of the regular legislative session immediately following said actions.

In making any such recommendation regarding a substance, the state board of pharmacy shall consider the following factors:

(1) The actual or relative potential for abuse;

(2) The scientific evidence of its pharmacological effect, if known;

(3) The state of current scientific knowledge regarding the substance;

(4) The history and current pattern of abuse;

(5) The scope, duration and significance of abuse;

(6) The potential of the substance to produce psychic or physiological dependence liability; and

(7) Whether the substance is an immediate precursor of a substance already controlled under this article.

(b) After considering the factors enumerated in subsection (a), the state board of pharmacy shall make findings with respect to the substance under consideration. If it finds that any substance not already controlled under any schedule has a potential for abuse, it shall recommend to the Legislature that the substance be added to the appropriate schedule. If it finds that any substance already controlled under any schedule should be rescheduled or deleted, it shall so recommend to the Legislature.

(c) If the state board of pharmacy designates a substance as an immediate precursor, substances which are precursors of the controlled precursor shall not be subject to control solely because they are precursors of the controlled precursor.

(d) If any substance is designated, rescheduled or deleted as a controlled substance under federal laws and notice thereof is given to the state board of pharmacy, the board shall recommend similar control of such substance to the Legislature, specifically stating that such recommendation is based on federal action and the reasons why the federal government deemed such action necessary and proper.

(e) The authority vested in the board by subsection (a) of this section shall not extend to distilled spirits, wine, malt beverages or tobacco as those terms are defined or used in other chapters of this code nor to any nonnarcotic substance if such substance may under the "Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act" and the law of this state lawfully be sold over the counter without a prescription.

WVC 60A-2-202 §60A-2-202. Nomenclature.
The controlled substances listed in the schedules in this article are included by whatever official, common, usual, chemical or trade name designated.

WVC 60A-2-203 §60A-2-203. Schedule I criteria.
The state board of pharmacy shall recommend to the Legislature that a substance be included in Schedule I if it finds that the substance:

(1) Has high potential for abuse; and

(2) Has no accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or lacks accepted safety for use in treatment under medical supervision.

WVC 60 A- 2 - 204 §60A-2-204. Schedule I.

     (a) Schedule I shall consist of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name, or brand name designated, listed in this section.

     (b) Opiates. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the following opiates, including their isomers, esters, ethers, salts and salts of isomers, esters and ethers, whenever the existence of such isomers, esters, ethers and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation (for purposes of subdivision (34) of this subsection only, the term isomer includes the optical and geometric isomers):

     (1) Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(1-methyl-2-phenethyl) -4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylacetamide);

     (2) Acetylmethadol;

     (3) Allylprodine;

     (4) Alphacetylmethadol (except levoalphacetylmethadol also known as levo-alpha-acetylmethadol, levomethadyl acetate, or LAAM);

     (5) Alphameprodine;

     (6) Alphamethadol;

     (7)Alpha-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(alpha-methyl-beta-phenyl) ethyl-4-piperidyl] propionanilide; 1-(1-methyl-2-phenylethyl)-4-(- propanilido) piperidine);

     (8) Alpha-methylthiofentanyl (N-[1-methyl-2-(2-thienyl) ethyl- 4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);

     (9) Benzethidine;

     (10) Betacetylmethadol;

     (11) Beta-hydroxyfentanyl (N-[1-(2-hydroxy-2-phenethyl) -4- piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);

     (12) Beta-hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl (other name: N-[1-(2- hydroxy-2-phenethyl)-3-methyl-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);

     (13) Betameprodine;

     (14) Betamethadol;

     (15) Betaprodine;

     (16) Clonitazene;

     (17) Dextromoramide;

     (18) Diampromide;

     (19) Diethylthiambutene;

     (20) Difenoxin;

     (21) Dimenoxadol;

     (22) Dimepheptanol;

     (23) Dimethylthiambutene;

     (24) Dioxaphetyl butyrate;

     (25) Dipipanone;

     (26) Ethylmethylthiambutene;

     (27) Etonitazene;

     (28) Etoxeridine;

     (29) Furethidine;

     (30) Hydroxypethidine;

     (31) Ketobemidone;

     (32) Levomoramide;

     (33) Levophenacylmorphan;

     (34) 3-Methylfentanyl (N-[3-methyl-1-(2-phenylethyl)-4- piperidyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);

     (35) 3-methylthiofentanyl (N-[3-methyl-1-(2-thienyl) ethyl-4- piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);

     (36) Morpheridine;

     (37) MPPP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine);

     (38) Noracymethadol;

     (39) Norlevorphanol;

     (40) Normethadone;

     (41) Norpipanone;

     (42) Para-fluorofentanyl (N-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-[1-(2- phenethyl)-4-piperidinyl] propanamide);

     (43) PEPAP(1-(-2-phenethyl)-4-phenyl-4-acetoxypiperidine);

     (44) Phenadoxone;

     (45) Phenampromide;

     (46) Phenomorphan;

     (47) Phenoperidine;

     (48) Piritramide;

     (49) Proheptazine;

     (50) Properidine;

     (51) Propiram;

     (52) Racemoramide;

     (53) Thiofentanyl (N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-thienyl)ethyl-4- piperidinyl]-propanamide);

     (54) Tilidine;

     (55) Trimeperidine.

     (c) Opium derivatives. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the following opium immediate derivatives, its salts, isomers and salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

     (1) Acetorphine;

     (2) Acetyldihydrocodeine;

     (3) Benzylmorphine;

     (4) Codeine methylbromide;

     (5) Codeine-N-Oxide;

     (6) Cyprenorphine;

     (7) Desomorphine;

     (8) Dihydromorphine;

     (9) Drotebanol;

     (10) Etorphine (except HCl Salt);

     (11) Heroin;

     (12) Hydromorphinol;

     (13) Methyldesorphine;

     (14) Methyldihydromorphine;

     (15) Morphine methylbromide;

     (16) Morphine methylsulfonate;

     (17) Morphine-N-Oxide;

     (18) Myrophine;

     (19) Nicocodeine;

     (20) Nicomorphine;

     (21) Normorphine;

     (22) Pholcodine;

     (23) Thebacon.

     (d) Hallucinogenic substances. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation, which contains any quantity of the following hallucinogenic substances, or which contains any of its salts, isomers and salts of isomers, whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation (for purposes of this subsection only, the term "isomer" includes the optical, position and geometric isomers):

     (1) Alpha-ethyltryptamine; some trade or other names: etryptamine; Monase; alpha-ethyl-1H-indole-3-ethanamine; 3-(2- aminobutyl) indole; alpha-ET; and AET;

     (2) 4-bromo-2, 5-dimethoxy-amphetamine; some trade or other names: 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxy-alpha-methylphenethylamine; 4-bromo- 2,5-DMA;

     (3) 4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine; some trade or other names: 2-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-aminoethane; alpha- desmethyl DOB; 2C-B, Nexus;

     (4) 2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine; some trade or other names: 2,5-dimethoxy-alpha-methylphenethylamine; 2,5-DMA;

     (5) 2,5-dimethoxy-4-ethylamphet-amine; some trade or other names: DOET;

     (6) 2,5-dimethoxy-4-(n)-propylthiophenethylamine (other name: 2C-T-7);

     (7) 4-methoxyamphetamine; some trade or other names: 4-methoxy-alpha-methylphenethylamine; paramethoxyamphetamine; PMA;

     (8) 5-methoxy-3, 4-methylenedioxy-amphetamine;

     (9) 4-methyl-2,5-dimethoxy-amphetamine; some trade and other names: 4-methyl-2,5-dimethoxy-alpha-methylphenethylamine; "DOM"; and "STP";

     (10) 3,4-methylenedioxy amphetamine;

     (11) 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA);

     (12) 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (also known as - ethyl-alpha-methyl-3,4 (methylenedioxy) phenethylamine, N-ethyl MDA, MDE, MDEA);

     (13) N-hydroxy-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (also known as - hydroxy-alpha-methyl-3,4 (methylenedioxy) phenethylamine, and - hydroxy MDA);

     (14) 3,4,5-trimethoxy amphetamine;

     (15) 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT);

     (16) Alpha-methyltryptamine (other name: AMT);

     (17) Bufotenine; some trade and other names: 3-(beta-Dimethylaminoethyl)-5-hydroxyindole;3-(2-dimethylaminoeth yl) -5-indolol; N, N-dimethylserotonin; 5-hydroxy-N,N- dimethyltryptamine; mappine;

     (18) Diethyltryptamine; sometrade and other names: N, N-Diethyltryptamine; DET;

     (19) Dimethyltryptamine; some trade or other names: DMT;

     (20) 5-Methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DIPT);

     (21) Ibogaine; some trade and other names: 7-Ethyl-6, 6 Beta, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13-octahydro-2-methoxy-6, 9-methano-5H- pyrido [1', 2': 1, 2] azepino [5,4-b] indole; Tabernanthe iboga;

     (22) Lysergic acid diethylamide;

     (23) Marihuana;

     (24) Mescaline;

     (25) Parahexyl-7374; some trade or other names: 3-Hexyl -1-hydroxy-7, 8, 9, 10-tetrahydro-6, 6, 9-trimethyl-6H-dibenzo [b,d] pyran; Synhexyl;

     (26) Peyote; meaning all parts of the plant presently classified botanically as Lophophora williamsii Lemaire, whether growing or not, the seeds thereof, any extract from any part of such plant, and every compound, manufacture, salts, immediate derivative, mixture or preparation of such plant, its seeds or extracts;

     (27) N-ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate;

     (28) N-methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate;

     (29) Psilocybin;

     (30) Psilocyn;

     (31) Tetrahydrocannabinols; synthetic equivalents of the substances contained in the plant, or in the resinous extractives of Cannabis, sp. and/or synthetic substances, immediate derivatives and their isomers with similar chemical structure and pharmacological activity such as the following:

     delta-1 Cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, and their optical isomers;

     delta-6 Cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, and their optical isomers;

     delta-3,4 Cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, and its optical isomers;

     (Since nomenclature of these substances is not internationally standardized, compounds of these structures, regardless of numerical designation of atomic positions covered.)

     (32) Ethylamine analog of phencyclidine; some trade or other names: N-ethyl-1-phenylcyclohexylamine, (1-phenylcyclohexyl) ethylamine, N-(1-phenylcyclohexyl) ethylamine, cyclohexamine, PCE;

     (33) Pyrrolidine analog of phencyclidine; some trade or other names: 1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl)-pyrrolidine, PCPy, PHP;

     (34) Thiophene analog of phencyclidine; some trade or other names: 1-[1-(2-thienyl)-cyclohexyl]-piperidine, 2-thienylanalog of phencyclidine; TPCP, TCP;

     (35) 1[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]pyrroldine; some other names: TCPy.

     (36) 4-methylmethcathinone (Mephedrone);

     (37) 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV);

     (38) 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-E);

     (39) 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-D)

     (40) 2-(4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-C)

     (41) 2-(4-Iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-I)

     (42) 2-[4-(Ethylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-2)      (43)2-[4-(Isopropylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-4)

     (44) 2-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-H)

     (45) 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitro-phenyl)ethanamine (2C-N)      (46) 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-(n)-propylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-P)

     (47) 3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone (Methylone)

     (48) (2,5-dimethoxy-4-(n)-propyltghiophenethylamine (2C-T-7, itsoptical isomers, salts and salts of isomers

     (49) 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine some trade or other names: 5-methoxy-3-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]indole; 5-MeO-DMT(5-MeO-DMT)

     (50) Alpha-methyltryptamine (other name: AMT)

     (51) 5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (other name: 5-MeO-DIPT)

     (52) Synthetic Cannabinoids as follows:

     (A) 2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-5- (2-methyloctan-2-yl)phenol) {also known as CP 47,497 and homologues};

     (B) rel-2-[(1S,3R)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl] -5-(2-methylnonan-2-yl)phenol {also known as CP 47,497-C8 homolog};

     (C) [(6aR)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6, 6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)-6a, 7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol)] {also known as HU-210};

     (D) (dexanabinol, (6aS,10aS)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)- 6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzol[c]chromen-1-ol) {also known as HU-211};

     (E) 1-Pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole {also known as JWH-018};

     (F) 1-Butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole {also known as JWH-073};

     (G) (2-methyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-napthalenyl-methanone {also known as JWH-015};

     (H) (1-hexyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-naphthalenyl-methanone {also known as JWH-019};

     (I) [1-[2-(4-morpholinyl) ethyl] -1H-indol-3-yl]-1-naphthalenyl-methanone {also known as JWH-200};

     (J) 1-(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-2-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-ethanone {also known as JWH-250};

     (K) 2-((1S,2S,5S)-5-hydroxy-2- (3-hydroxtpropyl)cyclohexyl) -5-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)phenol {also known as CP 55,940};

     (L) (4-methyl-1-naphthalenyl) (1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl) -methanone {also known as JWH-122};

     (M) (4-methyl-1-naphthalenyl) (1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl) -methanone {also known as JWH-398;

     (N) (4-methoxyphenyl)(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methanone {also known as RCS-4};

     (O) 1-(1-(2-cyclohexylethyl) -1H-indol-3-yl) -2-(2-methoxyphenyl) ethanone {also known as RCS-8};   (P) 1-pentyl-3-[1-(4-methoxynaphthoyl)]indole (JWH-081);

     (Q) 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM2201); and

     (R) 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole (AM694).

     (53)Synthetic cannabinoids or any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances, including their analogues, congeners, homologues, isomers, salts and salts of analogues, congeners, homologues and isomers, as follows:

     (A) CP 47,497 AND homologues, 2-[(1R,3S)-3- Hydroxycyclohexyl]-5-(2-methyloctan-2-YL)phenol);

     (B) HU-210, [(6AR,10AR)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-Methyloctan-2-YL) -6A,7,10, 10A-tetrahydrobenzo[C] chromen-1-OL)];

     (C) HU-211, (dexanabinol, (6AS,10AS)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-Dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-YL)- 6A,7,10,10atetrahydrobenzo[ C]chromen-1-OL);

     (D) JWH-018, 1-pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole;

     (E) JWH-019, 1-hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole;

     (F) JWH-073, 1-butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole;

     (G) JWH-200, (1-(2-morpholin-4-ylethyl)indol-3-yl)- Naphthalen-1-ylmethanone;

     (H) JWH-250, 1-pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole.]

     (54) Synthetic cannabinoids including any material, compound, mixture or preparation that is not listed as a controlled substance in Schedule I through V, is not a federal Food and Drug Administration approved drug or used within legitimate and approved medical research and which contains any quantity of the following substances, their salts, isomers, whether optical positional or geometric, analogues, homologues and salts of isomers, analogues and homologues, unless specifically exempted, whenever the existence of these salts, isomers, analogues, homologues and salts of isomers, analogues and homologues if possible within the specific chemical designation:

     (A) Tetrahydrocannabinols meaning tetrahydrocannabinols which are naturally contained in a plant of the genus cannabis as well as synthetic equivalents of the substances contained in the plant or in the resinous extractives of cannabis or synthetic substances, derivatives and their isomers with analogous chemical structure and or pharmacological activity such as the following:

     (i) DELTA-1 CIS OR trans tetrahydrocannabinol and their Optical isomers.

     (ii) DELTA-6 CIS OR trans tetrahydrocannabinol and their optical isomers.

     (iii) DELTA-3,4 CIS or their trans tetrahydrocannabinol and their optical isomers.

     (B) Naphthoylindoles or any compound containing a 3-(-1- Napthoyl) indole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent. This shall include the following:

     (i) JWH 015;

     (ii) JWH 018;

     (iii) JWH 019;

     (iv) JWH 073;

     (v) JWH 081;

     (vi) JWH 122;

     (vii) JWH 200;

     (viii) JWH 210;

     (ix) JWH 398;

     (x) AM 2201;

     (xi) WIN 55,212.

     (55) Naphylmethylindoles or any compound containing a 1hindol-3-yl-(1-naphthyl) methane structure with a substition at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent. This shall include, but not be limited to, JWH 175 and JWH 184.

     (56) Naphthoylpyrroles or any compound containing a 3-(1- Naphthoyl) pyrrole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the pyrrole ring whether or not further substituted in the pyrrole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent. This shall include, but not be limited to, JWH 147 and JWH 307.

     (57) Naphthylmethylindenes or any compound containing a Naphthylideneindene structure with substitution at the 3- Position of the indene ring whether or not further substituted in the indene ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent. This shall include, but not be limited to, JWH 176.

     (58) Phenylacetylindoles or any compound containing a 3- Phenylacetylindole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the phenyl ring to any extent. This shall include the following:

     (A) RCS-8, SR-18 OR BTM-8;

     (B) JWH 250;

     (C) JWH 203;

     (D) JWH 251;

     (E) JWH 302.

     (59) Cyclohexylphenols or any compound containing a 2-(3- hydroxycyclohexyl) phenol structure with a substitution at the 5-position of the phenolic ring whether or not substituted in the cyclohexyl ring to any extent. This shall include the following:

     (A) CP 47,497 and its homologues and analogs;

     (B) Cannabicyclohexanol;

     (C) CP 55,940.

     (60) Benzoylindoles or any compound containing a 3-(benzoyl) indole structure with substitution at the nitrogren atom of the indole ring whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the phenyl ring to any extent. This shall include the following:

     (A) AM 694;

     (B) Pravadoline WIN 48,098;

     (C) RCS 4;

     (D) AM 679.

     (61) [2,3-dihydro-5 methyl-3-(4-morpholinylmethyl)pyrrolo [1,2,3-DE]-1, 4-benzoxazin-6-YL]-1-napthalenymethanone. This shall include WIN 55,212-2.

     (62) Dibenzopyrans or any compound containing a 11-hydroxydelta 8-tetrahydrocannabinol structure with substitution on the 3-pentyl group. This shall include HU-210, HU-211, JWH 051 and JWH 133.

     (63) Adamantoylindoles or any compound containing a 3-(-1- Adamantoyl) indole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring whether or not further substituted in the adamantoyl ring system to any extent. This shall include AM1248.

     (64) Tetramethylcyclopropylindoles or any compound containing A 3-tetramethylcyclopropylindole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the tetramethylcyclopropyl ring to any extent. This shall include UR-144 and XLR-11.

     (65) N-(1-Adamantyl)-1-pentyl-1h-indazole-3-carboxamide. This shall include AKB48.

     (66) Any other synthetic chemical compound that is a Cannabinoid receptor type 1 agonist as demonstrated by binding studies and functional assays that is not listed in Schedules II, III, IV and V, not federal Food and Drug Administration approved drug or used within legitimate, approved medical research. Since nomenclature of these substances is not internationally standardized, any immediate precursor or immediate derivative of these substances shall be covered.

     (e) Depressants. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

     (1) Mecloqualone;

     (2) Methaqualone.

     (f) Stimulants. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers:

     (1) Aminorex; some other names: aminoxaphen; 2-amino-5- phenyl-2-oxazoline; or 4,5-dihydro-5-phenyl-2-oxazolamine;

     (2) Cathinone; some trade or other names: 2-amino-1-phenyl-1- propanone, alpha-aminopropiophenone, 2-aminopropiophenone and norephedrone;

     (3) Fenethylline;

     (4) Methcathinone, its immediate precursors and immediate derivatives, its salts, optical isomers and salts of optical isomers; some other names: (2-(methylamino)-propiophenone; alpha-(methylamino)propiophenone; 2-(methylamino)-1-phenylpropan-1- one; alpha-N-methylaminopropiophenone; monomethylpropion; 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone and/or mephedrone;3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MPVD); ephedrone; N-methylcathinone; methylcathinone; AL-464; AL-422; AL- 463 and UR1432;

     (5) (+-) cis-4-methylaminorex; ((+-)cis-4,5-dihydro-4-methyl- 5-phenyl-2-oxazolamine);

     (6) N-ethylamphetamine;

     (7) N,N-dimethylamphetemine; also known as N,N-alpha- trimethyl-benzeneethanamine; N,N-alpha-trimethylphenethylamine.

     (8) Alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone, also known as alpha-PVP, optical isomers, salts and salts of isomers.

     (g) Temporary listing of substances subject to emergency scheduling. Any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances:

     (1) N-[1-benzyl-4-piperidyl]-N-phenylpropanamide (benzylfentanyl), its optical isomers, salts, and salts of isomers.

     (2)N-[1-(2-thienyl)methyl-4-piperidyl]-N-phenylpropanamide (thenylfentanyl), its optical isomers, salts and salts of isomers.

     (3) N-benzylpiperazine, also known as BZP.

     (h) The following controlled substances are included in Schedule I:

     (1) Synthetic Cathinones or any compound, except bupropion or compounds listed under a different schedule, or compounds used within legitimate and approved medical research, structurally derived from 2- Aminopropan-1-one by substitution at the 1-position with Monocyclic or fused polycyclic ring systems, whether or not the compound is further modified in any of the following ways:

     (A) By substitution in the ring system to any extent with Alkyl, alkylenedioxy, alkoxy, haloalkyl, hydroxyl or halide Substituents whether or not further substituted in the ring system by one or more other univalent substituents.

     (B) By substitution at the 3-position with an acyclic alkyl substituent.

     (C) By substitution at the 2-amino nitrogen atom with alkyl, dialkyl, benzyl or methoxybenzyl groups.

     (D) By inclusion of the 2-amino nitrogen atom in a cyclic structure.

     (2) Any other synthetic chemical compound that is a Cannabinoid receptor type 1 agonist as demonstrated by binding studies and functional assays that is not listed in Schedules II, III, IV and V, not federal Food and Drug Administration approved drug or used within legitimate, approved medical research. WVC 60A-2-205 §60A-2-205. Schedule II criteria.
The state board of pharmacy shall recommend to the Legislature that a substance be placed in Schedule II if it finds that:

(1) The substance has high potential for abuse;

(2) The substance has currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions;

(3) Abuse of the substance may lead to severe psychic or physical dependence.

WVC 60 A- 2 - 206 §60A-2-206. Schedule II.

     (a) Schedule II consists of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name or brand name designated, listed in this section.

     (b) Substances, vegetable origin or chemical synthesis. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the following substances whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:

     (1) Opium and opiate, and any salt, compound, derivative or preparation of opium or opiate excluding apomorphine, thebaine-derived butorphanol, dextrorphan, nalbuphine, nalmefene, naloxone and naltrexone, and their respective salts, but including the following:

     (A) Raw opium;

     (B) Opium extracts;

     (C) Opium fluid;

     (D) Powdered opium;

     (E) Granulated opium;

     (F) Tincture of opium;

     (G) Codeine;

     ((H) Dihydroetorphine;

     (I) Ethylmorphine;

     (J) Etorphine hydrochloride;

     (K) Hydrocodone;

     (L) Hydromorphone;

     (M) Metopon;

     (N) Morphine;

     (O) Oripavine;

     (P) Oxycodone;

     (Q) Oxymorphone; and

     (R) Thebaine;

     (2) Any salt, compound, derivative or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of the substances referred to in subdivision (1) of this subsection, except that these substances shall not include the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium;

     (3) Opium poppy and poppy straw;

     (4) Coca leaves and any salt, compound, derivative or preparation of coca leaves (including cocaine and ecgonine and their salts, isomers, derivatives and salts of isomers and derivatives), and any salt, compound, derivative or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of these substances, except that the substances shall not include decocainized coca leaves or extractions of coca leaves, which extractions do not contain cocaine or ecgonine;

     (5) Concentrate of poppy straw (the crude extract of poppy straw in either liquid, solid or powder form which contains the phenanthrene alkaloids of the opium poppy).

     (c) Opiates. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless in another schedule, any of the following opiates, including its isomers, esters, ethers, salts and salts of isomers, esters and ethers whenever the existence of such isomers, esters, ethers and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation, dextrorphan and levopropoxyphene excepted:

     (1) Alfentanil;

     (2) Alphaprodine;

     (3) Anileridine;

     (4) Bezitramide;

     (5) Bulk dextropropoxyphene (nondosage forms);

     (6) Carfentanil;

     (7) Dihydrocodeine;

     (8) Diphenoxylate;

     (9) Fentanyl;

     (10) Isomethadone;

     (11) Levo-alphacetylmethadol; some other names: levo-alpha-acetylmethadol, levomethadyl acetate, LAAM;

     (12) Levomethorphan;

     (13) Levorphanol;

     (14) Metazocine;

     (15) Methadone;

     (16) Methadone-Intermediate, 4-cyano-2-dimethylamino-4, 4-diphenyl butane;

     (17) Moramide-Intermediate, 2-methyl-3-morpholino-1,

1-diphenylpropane-carboxylic acid;

     (18) Pethidine; (meperidine);

     (19) Pethidine-Intermediate-A, 4-cyano-1-methyl-4- phenylpiperidine;

     (20) Pethidine-Intermediate-B, ethyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate;

     (21) Pethidine-Intermediate-C, 1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid;

     (22) Phenazocine;

     (23) Piminodine;

     (24) Racemethorphan;

     (25) Racemorphan;

     (26) Remifentanil;

     (27) Sufentanil; and

     (28) Tapentadol.

     (d) Stimulants. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system:

     (1) Amphetamine, its salts, optical isomers and salts of its optical isomers;

     (2) Methamphetamine, its salts, isomers and salts of its isomers;

     (3) Methylphenidate;

     (4) Phenmetrazine and its salts; and

     (5) Lisdexamfetamine.

     (e) Depressants. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

     (1) Amobarbital;

     (2) Glutethimide;

     (3) Pentobarbital;

     (4) Phencyclidine;

     (5) Secobarbital.

     (f) Hallucinogenic substances:

     Nabilone: [Another name for nabilone: (+-)-trans-3-(1, 1-dimethylheptyl)-6, 6a, 7, 8, 10, 10a-hexahydro-1-hydroxy-6, 6-dimethyl-9H-dibenzo [b,d] pyran-9-one].

     (g) Immediate precursors. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances:

     (1) Immediate precursor to amphetamine and methamphetamine:

     (A) Phenylacetone;

     (B) Some trade or other names: phenyl-2-propanone; P2P; benzyl methyl ketone; methyl benzyl ketone;

     (2) Immediate precursors to phencyclidine (PCP):

     (A) 1-phenylcyclohexylamine; and

     (B) 1-piperidinocyclohexanecarbonitrile (PCC).

     (3) Immediate precursor to fentanyl:

     4-anilino-N-phenethyl-4-piperidine (ANPP). WVC 60A-2-207 §60A-2-207. Schedule III criteria.
The state board of pharmacy shall recommend to the Legislature that a substance be placed in Schedule III if it finds that:

(1) The substance has a potential for abuse less than the substances listed in Schedules I and II;

(2) The substance has currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States; and

(3) Abuse of the substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.

WVC 60 A- 2 - 208 §60A-2-208. Schedule III.

     (a) Schedule III consists of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name or brand name designated, listed in this section.

     (b) Stimulants. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers (whether optical, position or geometric) and salts of such isomers whenever the existence of the salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

     (1) Those compounds, mixtures or preparations in dosage unit form containing any stimulant substances listed in Schedule II which compounds, mixtures or preparations were listed on August 25, 1971, as excepted compounds under 21 C.F.R. §1308.32, and any other drug of the quantitative composition shown in that list for those drugs or which is the same except that it contains a lesser quantity of controlled substances;

     (2) Benzphetamine;

     (3) Chlorphentermine;

     (4) Clortermine;

     (5) Phendimetrazine.

     (c) Depressants. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system:

     (1) Any compound, mixture or preparation containing:

     (A) Amobarbital;

     (B) Secobarbital;

     (C) Pentobarbital; or any salt of pentobarbital and one or more other active medicinal ingredients which are not listed in any schedule;

     (2) Any suppository dosage form containing:

     (A) Amobarbital;

     (B) Secobarbital;

     (C) Pentobarbital; or any salt of any of these drugs and approved by the food and drug administration for marketing only as a suppository;

     (3) Any substance which contains any quantity of a derivative of barbituric acid or any salt of barbituric acid;

     (4) Aprobarbital;

     (5) Butabarbital (secbutabarbital);

     (6) Butalbital (including, but not limited to, Fioricet);

     (7) Butobarbital (butethal);

     (8) Chlorhexadol;

     (9) Embutramide;

     (10) Gamma Hydroxybutryic Acid preparations;

     (11) Ketamine, its salts, isomers and salts of isomers [Some other names for ketamine: (+-)-2-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)-cyclohexanone];

     (12) Lysergic acid;

     (13) Lysergic acid amide;

     (14) Methyprylon;

     (15) Sulfondiethylmethane;

     (16) Sulfonethylmethane;

     (17) Sulfonmethane;

     (18) Thiamylal;

     (19) Thiopental;

     (20) Tiletamine and zolazepam or any salt of tiletamine and zolazepam; some trade or other names for a tiletamine-zolazepam combination product: Telazol; some trade or other names for tiletamine: 2-(ethylamino)-2-(2-thienyl)-cyclohexanone; some trade or other names for zolazepam: 4-(2-flurophenyl)-6, 8-dihydro-1, 3, 8-trimethylpyrazolo-[3,4-e] [1,4]-diazepin-7(1H)-one, flupyrazapon; and

     (21) Vinbarbital.

     (d) Nalorphine.

     (e) Narcotic drugs. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule:

     (1) Any material, compound, mixture or preparation containing any of the following narcotic drugs, or their salts calculated as the free anhydrous base or alkaloid, in limited quantities as set forth below:

     (A) Not more than 1.8 grams of codeine per 100 milliliters and not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with an equal or greater quantity of an isoquinoline alkaloid of opium;

     (B) Not more than 1.8 grams of codeine per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts;

     (3) Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone (hydrocodone) per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with a fourfold or greater quantity of an isoquinoline alkaloid of opium: Provided, That a prescription for this may not be filled for more than a one month supply or filled or refilled more than three moths after the date of the original prescription. Such prescription may not be refilled more than twice;

     (4) Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone (hydrocodone) per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts: Provided, That a prescription for this product may not be filled for more than a one month supply or filled or refilled more than three moths after the date of the original prescription. Such prescription may not be refilled more than twice;

     (C) Not more than 1.8 grams of dihydrocodeine per 100 milliliters and not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts;

     (D) Not more than 300 milligrams of ethylmorphine per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts;

     (E) Not more than 500 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams or not more than 25 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts;

     (F) Not more than 50 milligrams of morphine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.

     (2) Any material, compound, mixture or preparation containing buprenorphine or its salts (including, but not limited to, Suboxone).

     (f) Anabolic steroids. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any quantity of anabolic steroids, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers whenever the existence of the salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation.

     (g) Human growth hormones.

     (h) Dronabinol (synthetic) in sesame oil and encapsulated in a soft gelatin capsule in a United States food and drug administration approved drug product. (Some other names for dronabinol: (6aR-trans)-6a, 7, 8, 10a- tetrahydro-6, 6, 9-trimethyl-3-pentyl-6H-dibenzo [b,d] pyran-1- ol or (-)-delta-9-(trans)-tetrahydrocannabinol). WVC 60A-2-209 §60A-2-209. Schedule IV criteria.
The state board of pharmacy shall recommend to the Legislature that a substance be placed in Schedule IV if it finds that:

(1) The substance has a low potential for abuse relative to substances in Schedule III;

(2) The substance has currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States; and

(3) Abuse of the substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the substances in Schedule III.

WVC 60 A- 2 - 210 §60A-2-210. Schedule IV.

     (a) Schedule IV shall consist of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name, or brand name designated, listed in this section.

     (b) Narcotic drugs. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation containing any of the following narcotic drugs, or their salts calculated as the free anhydrous base or alkaloid, in limited quantities as set forth below:

     (1) Not more than 1 milligram of difenoxin and not less than 25 micrograms of atropine sulfate per dosage unit;

     (2) Dextropropoxyphene (alpha-(+)-4-dimethylamino-1,2-diphenyl-3-methyl-2-propionoxybuta ne).

     (c) Depressants. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

     (1) Alprazolam;

     (2) Barbital;

     (3) Bromazepam;

     (4) Camazepam;

     (5) Carisoprodol;

     (6) Chloral betaine;

     (7) Chloral hydrate;

     (8) Chlordiazepoxide;

     (9) Clobazam;

     (10) Clonazepam;

     (11) Clorazepate;

     (12) Clotiazepam;

     (13) Cloxazolam;

     (14) Delorazepam;

     (15) Diazepam;

     (16) Dichloralphenazone;

     (17) Estazolam;

     (18) Ethchlorvynol;

     (19) Ethinamate;

     (20) Ethyl loflazepate;

     (21) Fludiazepam;

     (22) Flunitrazepam;

     (23) Flurazepam;

     (24) Fospropofol;

     (25) Halazepam;

     (26) Haloxazolam;

     (27) Ketazolam;

     (28) Loprazolam;

     (29) Lorazepam;

     (30) Lormetazepam;

     (31) Mebutamate;

     (32) Medazepam;

     (33) Meprobamate;

     (34) Methohexital;

     (35) Methylphenobarbital (mephobarbital);

     (36) Midazolam;

     (37) Nimetazepam;

     (38) Nitrazepam;

     (39) Nordiazepam;

     (40) Oxazepam;

     (41) Oxazolam;

     (42) Paraldehyde;

     (43) Petrichloral;

     (44) Phenobarbital;

     (45) Pinazepam;

     (46) Prazepam;

     (47) Quazepam;

     (48) Temazepam;

     (49) Tetrazepam;

     (50) Triazolam;

     (51) Zaleplon;

     (52) Zolpidem;

     (53) Zopiclone.

     (d) Any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substance, including its salts, isomers (whether optical, position or geometric) and salts of such isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible: Fenfluramine and Dexfenfluramine.

     (e) Stimulants. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers:

     (1) Cathine ((+)-norpseudoephedrine);

     (2) Diethylpropion;

     (3) Fencamfamin;

     (4) Fenproporex;

     (5) Mazindol;

     (6) Mefenorex;

     (7) Modafinil;

     (8) Pemoline (including organometallic complexes and chelates thereof);

     (9) Phentermine;

     (10) Pipradrol;

     (11) Sibutramine;

     (12) SPA ((-)-1-dimethylamino-1,2-diphenylethane).

     (f) Other substances. -- Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances, including its salts:

     (1) Pentazocine;

     (2) Butorphanol;

     (3) tramadol hydrochloride.

     Amyl nitrite, butyl nitrite, isobutyl nitrite and the other organic nitrites are controlled substances and no product containing these compounds as a significant component shall be possessed, bought or sold other than pursuant to a bona fide prescription or for industrial or manufacturing purposes. WVC 60A-2-211 §60A-2-211. Schedule V criteria.
The state board of pharmacy shall recommend to the Legislature that a substance be placed in Schedule V if it finds that:

(1) The substance has a low potential for abuse relative to the controlled substances listed in Schedule IV;

(2) The substance has currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States; and

(3) The substance has limited physical dependence or psychological dependence liability relative to the controlled substances listed in Schedule IV.

WVC 60 A- 2 - 212 §60A-2-212. Schedule V.

     (a) Schedule V shall consist of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name, or brand name designated, listed in this section.

          (b) Narcotic drugs containing nonnarcotic active medicinal ingredients. Any compound, mixture or preparation containing any of the following narcotic drugs or their salts calculated as the free anhydrous base or alkaloid in limited quantities as set forth below, which shall include one or more nonnarcotic active medicinal ingredients in sufficient proportion to confer upon the compound, mixture or preparation valuable medicinal qualities other than those possessed by the narcotic drug alone:

     (1) Not more than 200 milligrams of codeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams;

     (2) Not more than 100 milligrams of dihydrocodeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams;

     (3) Not more than 100 milligrams of ethylmorphine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams;

     (4) Not more than 2.5 milligrams of diphenoxylate and not less than 25 micrograms of atropine sulfate per dosage unit;

     (5) Not more than 100 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams;

     (6) Not more than 0.5 milligrams of difenoxin and not less than 25 micrograms of atropine sulfate per dosage unit.

     (c) Stimulants. -- Unless specifically exempted or excluded or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers and salts of isomers:

     (1) Pyrovalerone.

     (d) Any compound, mixture or preparation containing as its single active ingredient ephedrine, pseudoephedrine or phenylpropanolamine, their salts or optical isomers, or salts of optical isomers except products which are for pediatric use primarily intended for administration to children under the age of twelve: Provided, That neither the offenses set forth in section four hundred one, article four of this chapter, nor the penalties therein, shall be applicable to ephedrine, pseudoephedrine or phenylpropanolamine which shall be subject to the provisions of article ten of this chapter.

     (e) Depressants. -- Unless specifically exempted or excluded or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts:

     (1) Ezogabine [N-[2-amino-4-94-fluorobenzylamino)-phenyl]-carbamic acid ethyl ester];

     (2)Lacosamide [(R)-2-acetoamido- N -benzyl-3-methoxy-propionamide];

     (3) Pregabalin [(S)-3-(aminomethyl)-5-methylhexanoic acid]." WVC 60A-2-213 §60A-2-213. Review and printing of schedules by board; public information.
The state board of pharmacy shall annually review and cause to be printed the schedules contained in this article, which printed schedules shall be made available to the public.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2014 1st Special Session
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