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Chapter 49     Entire Code
‹ Chapter 48C  |  Chapter 50 › Printer Friendly Versions
Chapter 49  |  Article 49 - 5E  |  Section 2
WVC 49- CHAPTER 49. CHILD WELFARE.
WVC 49-5E- ARTICLE 5E. DIVISION OF JUVENILE SERVICES.

WVC 49 - 5 E- 1 §49-5E-1. Policy.
It is the policy of the state to provide a coordinated continuum of care for its children who have been charged with an offense which would be a crime if committed by an adult, whether they are taken into custody and securely detained or released pending adjudication by the court. It is further the policy of the state to ensure the safe and efficient custody of a securely detained child through the entire juvenile justice process, and this can best be accomplished by the state by providing for cooperation and coordination between the agencies of government which are charged with responsibilities for the children of the state. Accordingly, whenever any juvenile is ordered by the court to be transferred from the custody of one of these agencies into the custody of the other, the department of health and human resources and the division of juvenile services shall cooperate with each other to the maximum extent necessary in order to ease the child's transition and to reduce unnecessary cost, duplication and delay.

WVC 49 - 5 E- 2 §49-5E-2. Division created; transfer of functions; employment of comprehensive strategy.
(a) There is hereby created the division of juvenile services within the department of military affairs and public safety. The director shall be appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the Senate and shall be responsible for the control and supervision of each of its offices. The director may appoint deputy directors and assign them duties as may be necessary for the efficient management and operation of the division.

(b) The division of juvenile services shall consist of two subdivisions:

(1) The office of juvenile detention, which shall assume responsibility for operating and maintaining centers for the predispositional detention of juveniles, including juveniles who have been transferred to adult criminal jurisdiction under section ten, article five of this chapter and juveniles who are awaiting transfer to a juvenile corrections facility; and

(2) The office of juvenile corrections, which shall assume responsibility for operating and maintaining juvenile corrections facilities.

(c) Notwithstanding any provisions of this code to the contrary, whenever a juvenile is ordered into the custody of the division of juvenile services, the director shall have the authority to place the juvenile while he or she is in the division's custody at whichever facility operated by the division is deemed by the director to be most appropriate considering the juvenile's well-being and any recommendations of the court placing the juvenile in the division's custody.

WVC 49 - 5 E- 3 §49-5E-3. Transfer of functions; duties and powers; employment of comprehensive strategy.
The division of juvenile services shall assume the following duties previously performed by the department of health and human resources as to juveniles in detention facilities or juvenile corrections facilities:

(1) Cooperating with the United States department of justice in operating, maintaining and improving juvenile correction facilities and predispositional detention centers, complying with regulations thereof, and receiving and expending federal funds for the services, as set forth in section one, article one of this chapter;

(2) Providing care for children needing secure detention pending disposition by a court having juvenile jurisdiction or temporary care following such court action, as set forth in section sixteen, article two of this chapter;

(3) Assigning the necessary personnel and providing adequate space for the support and operation of any facility providing for the secure detention of children committed to the care of the division of juvenile services, as set forth in section six, article five-a of this chapter;

(4) Proposing rules which outline policies and procedures governing the operation of correctional, detention and other facilities in its division wherein juveniles may be securely housed, as set forth in section sixteen-a, article five of this chapter;

(5) Assigning the necessary personnel and providing adequate space for the support and operation of its facilities, as set forth in section six, article five-a of this chapter;

(6) Developing a comprehensive plan to maintain and improve a unified state system of regional predispositional detention centers for juveniles, as set forth in section thirteen-e, article five and section six-a, article five-a of this chapter;

(7) Working in cooperation with the department of health and human resources in establishing, maintaining, and continuously refining and developing a balanced and comprehensive state program for children who have been adjudicated delinquent, as set forth in section two, article six-b of this chapter;

(8) In cooperation with the department of health and human resources establishing programs and services within available funds, designed to prevent juvenile delinquency, to divert juveniles from the juvenile justice system, to provide community-based alternatives to juvenile detention and correctional facilities and to encourage a diversity of alternatives within the juvenile justice system, as set forth in section four, article five-b of this chapter.

Working in collaboration with the department of health and human resources, the division of juvenile services shall employ a comprehensive strategy for the social and rehabilitative programming and treatment of juveniles, consistent with the principles adopted by the office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention of the office of justice programs of the United States department of justice.

WVC 49-5E-4 §49-5E-4. Transfer of Kanawha home for children to the division of juvenile services.
(a) "Kanawha home for children" means the county home for the detention of juvenile delinquents or children charged with delinquency as established by the county commission of Kanawha County pursuant to the provisions of a local bill, House Bill No. 141, enacted by the Legislature on the fourteenth day of February, one thousand nine hundred fifty-five, as set forth in the Acts of the West Virginia Legislature, Regular Session, 1955, ch. 185.

(b) After the effective date of the amendment to this section, enacted during the regular session of the Legislature, one thousand nine hundred ninety-eight, the division of juvenile services shall assume all responsibility for funding, operating, maintaining, administering and managing the Kanawha home for children. To this end, the director of the division of juvenile services may enter into a lease agreement with the Kanawha county commission, for the premises and all improvements, appurtenances, equipment and furnishings on the premises constituting the Kanawha home for children, and may operate, manage and maintain the facility as one of the several centers under the supervision and control of the division which provide secure predispositional detention of juveniles, including juveniles who have been transferred to adult criminal jurisdiction under section ten, article five of this chapter and juveniles who are awaiting transfer to a juvenile corrections facility.

WVC 49 - 5 E- 5 §49-5E-5. Rules for specialized training for juvenile corrections officers and detention center employees.
The division of juvenile services shall propose legislative rules to be promulgated by the Legislature according to the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, to require juvenile corrections officers and detention center employees to complete specialized training and certification. The training programs shall meet the standards of those offered or endorsed by the office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention of the office of justice programs of the United States department of justice.

WVC 49 - 5 E- 5 A §49-5E-5a. Juvenile detention and corrections facilities; employees; priority of hiring.
(a) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, the division, when employing any persons to complete the approved staffing plan of any of its juvenile detention or corrections facilities, shall employ any person otherwise qualified who applies for a position at the juvenile detention or corrections facility who was also employed in good standing at a county or local jail facility, at the time of its closing, that was closed due to the completion of a regional jail.

(b) All persons employed at a juvenile detention or corrections facility shall be employed at a salary and with benefits consistent with the approved plan of compensation of the Division of Personnel, created under section five, article six, chapter twenty-nine of this code; all employees shall also be covered by the policies and procedures of the West Virginia Public Employees Grievance Board, created under article two, chapter six-c of this code and the classified service protection policies of the Division of Personnel.

WVC 49 - 5 E- 6 §49-5E-6. Medical and other treatment of juveniles in custody of the division; coordination of care and claims processing and administration by the department; authorization of certain cooperative agreements.
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the director, or his or her designee, is hereby authorized to consent to the medical or other treatment of any juvenile in the legal or physical custody of the director or the division.

(b) In providing or arranging for the necessary medical and other care and treatment of juveniles committed to the division's custody, the director shall utilize service providers who provide the same or similar services to juveniles under existing contracts with the Department of Health and Human Resources. In order to obtain the most advantageous reimbursement rates, to capitalize on an economy of scale and to avoid duplicative systems and procedures, the department shall administer and process all claims for medical or other treatment of juveniles committed to the division's custody.

(c) In providing or arranging for the necessary medical and other care and treatment of juveniles committed to the division's custody, the director shall assure that pregnant inmates will not be restrained after reaching the second trimester of pregnancy until the end of the pregnancy: Provided, That if the inmate, based upon her classification, discipline history or other factors deemed relevant by the director poses a threat of escape, or to the safety of herself, the public, staff, or the unborn child, the inmate may be restrained in a manner reasonably necessary: Provided, however, That prior to directing the application of restraints and where there is no threat to the safety of the inmate, the public, staff or the fetus, the director or designee shall consult with an appropriate health care professional to assure that the manner of restraint will not pose an unreasonable risk of harm to the inmate or the fetus.

(d) For purposes of implementing the mandates of this section, the director is hereby authorized and directed to enter into any necessary agreements with the Department of Health and Human Resources. Any such agreement shall specify, at a minimum, for the direct and incidental costs associated with such care and treatment to be paid by the Division of Juvenile Services.

WVC 49 - 5 E- 6 A §49-5E-6a. Juvenile trustee accounts and funds, earnings and personal property of juveniles.

     (a) The Director of Juvenile Services may establish at each facility under his or her jurisdiction a "Juvenile Trustee Fund". The administrator or designee of each facility may receive and take charge of the money and personal property, as defined by policy, of all juveniles in his or her facility and all money or personal property, as defined by policy, sent to the juveniles or earned by the juveniles as compensation for work performed while they are domiciled there. The administrator or designee shall credit the money and earnings to the juveniles entitled to it and shall keep an accurate account of all the money and personal property so received, which account is subject to examination by the Director of Juvenile Services and the Assistant Director of Budget and Finance of the Division of Juvenile Services. The administrator or designee shall deposit the moneys in one or more responsible banks in accounts to be designated a "Juvenile Trustee Fund".

     (b) The administrator or designee shall keep in an account for all juveniles at least ten percent of all money earned during the juveniles commitment and pay the money to the juvenile at the time of the juvenile's release. The administrator or designee may authorize the juvenile to withdraw money from his or her mandatory savings for the purpose of preparing the juvenile for reentry into society.

     (c) The administrator or designee shall deliver to the juvenile at the time he or she leaves the facility, or as soon as practicable after departure, all personal property, moneys and earnings then credited to the juvenile, or in case of the death of the juvenile before authorized release from the facility, the administrator or designee shall deliver the property to the juvenile's personal representative. If a conservator is appointed for the juvenile while he or she is domiciled at the facility, the administrator or designee shall deliver to the conservator, upon proper demand, all moneys and personal property belonging to the juvenile that are in the custody of the administrator.

     (d) If any money is credited to a former juvenile resident after remittance of the sum of money as provided in subsection (c), the administrator or designee shall mail the funds to the former juvenile resident's last known address. If the funds are returned to the facility, the administrator or designee will forward those funds to the Division of Juvenile Service's Assistant Director of Budget and Finance to submit the funds to the State Treasurer's Office-Unclaimed Property Division.

     (e) The facility shall compile a monthly report that specifically documents juvenile trustee fund receipts and expenditures and submit the reconciled monthly bank statements to the Division of Juvenile Service's Assistant Director of Budget and Finance. WVC 49 - 5 E- 6 B §49-5E-6b. Juvenile benefit funds.

     (a) There is hereby established a special revenue account in the State Treasury for each juvenile benefit fund established by the director. Moneys received by an institution for deposit in an juvenile benefit fund shall be deposited with the State Treasurer to be credited to the special revenue account created for the institution's juvenile benefit fund. Moneys in a special revenue account established for a juvenile benefit fund may be expended by the institution for the purposes set forth in this section.

     (b) Moneys in an account established for a juvenile benefit fund may be expended by the facility for the purposes set forth in this section. Moneys to be deposited into a juvenile benefit fund consist of:

     (1) All profit from the exchange or commissary operation and, if the commissary is operated by a vendor, whether a public or private entity, the profit is the negotiated commission paid to the Division of Juvenile Services by the vendor;

     (2) All net proceeds from vending machines used for juvenile resident visitation;

     (3) All proceeds from contracted juvenile resident telephone commissions;

     (4) Any funds that may be assigned by juveniles or donated to the facility by the general public or a service organization on behalf of all the juveniles; and

     (5) Any funds confiscated considered contraband.

     (c) The juvenile benefit fund may only be used for the following purposes at juvenile facilities:

     (1) Open-house visitation functions or other nonroutine campus-wide activities which will enhance programming goals of the facility;

     (2) Holiday functions which may include decorations, food and gifts for residents or family of residents;

     (3) Rental of videos;

     (4) Payment of video license;

     (5) Supplemental supplies and equipment which will enrich the facilities' program activities;

     (6) Hardship needs for juvenile residents if approved by the Division of Juvenile Services Director; and

     (7) Any special activities or rewards for residents.

     (d) The facility shall compile a monthly report that specifically documents juvenile benefit fund receipts and expenditures and submit the reconciled monthly bank statements to the Division of Juvenile Services Assistant Director of Budget and Finance. WVC 49-5E-7 §49-5E-7. Provision of educational services for juveniles placed in predispositional detention facilities.
(a) The state board of education is authorized to provide for adequate and appropriate education opportunities for juveniles placed in secure predispositional detention centers operated by or under contract with the division of juvenile services.

(b) Subject to appropriations by the Legislature, the state board is authorized: (1) To provide education programs and services for juveniles on the grounds of secure predispositional detention centers; (2) to hire classroom teachers and other school personnel necessary to provide adequate and appropriate education opportunities to these juveniles; and (3) to provide education services for the detained juveniles on a twelve-month basis.

(c) The division of juvenile services shall cooperate with the state board and the state superintendent in the establishment and maintenance of education programs authorized under this section. Subject to appropriations by the Legislature, the division of juvenile services shall provide, or cause to be provided, adequate space and facilities for the education programs. The state board may not be required to construct, improve or maintain any building, other improvement to real estate or fixtures attached thereto at any secure predispositional detention center for the purpose of establishing and maintaining an education program.

(d) The state board may develop and approve rules in accordance with article three-a, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code for the education of juveniles in secure predispositional detention centers.

WVC 49 - 5 E- 8 §49-5E-8. Arrest authority of juvenile correctional and detention officers.
(a) Persons employed by the division of juvenile services as juvenile correctional officers or detention officers are authorized and empowered to arrest persons already in the custody of the division of juvenile services for violations of law that occur in the officer's presence, including escape.

(b) Nothing in this section shall be construed as to make a juvenile correctional or detention officer employed by the division of juvenile services a law-enforcement officer as defined in section one, article twenty-nine, chapter thirty of this code.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2014 1st Special Session
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