West Virginia Code


Chapter 36     Entire Code
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Chapter 36  |  Article 36 - 3  |  Section 9

WVC 36 - 3 - 1 §36-3-1. Seal not necessary in conveyances of land.
The affixing of a seal, or any symbol or word intended to have the effect of a seal, shall not be necessary to give validity to any deed, trust deed, mortgage, or other conveyance of an estate of inheritance or freehold in land, or any estate of any duration therein.

WVC 36 - 3 - 2 §36-3-2. Covenant on unsealed conveyances or contracts.
An action of covenant may be maintained on any written conveyance or lease which, under the provisions of section one, article one of this chapter, must be by deed, and which has been executed since the twenty-sixth day of July, nineteen hundred and twenty-one, for the breach of any covenant or warranty or other agreement therein contained, whether such instrument be sealed or unsealed, and every estoppel which would have been created by such writing, if sealed, shall be created by it, though it be unsealed. Such action of covenant may also be maintained upon any contract or agreement for the conveyance of any interest in land, which interest, if conveyed, would be required, by said section one, article one of this chapter, to be conveyed by deed.

WVC 36 - 3 - 3 §36-3-3. Other effects of seal.
The affixing of a seal, or any symbol or word intended to have the effect of a seal, to any instrument conveying or agreeing to convey land, or any interest whatever in land, shall not give to such instrument any additional force or effect, either by way of importing a consideration or in any other manner whatsoever, either at law, or in equity, than such instrument would have if it were unsealed.

WVC 36 - 3 - 4 §36-3-4. Distinctions between various kinds of deeds abolished.
All distinctions in legal effect between deeds of grant, deeds of bargain and sale, deeds of lease and release, and deeds of covenant to stand seized, are hereby abolished. Any instrument which shows on its face a present intent to pass the title to, or any interest, present or future, in real property, shall, if properly executed and delivered, be given effect according to its manifest intent. No instrument purporting to convey land, or any interest therein, shall fail of effect merely for lack of conformity with the language of sections five, six, seven, eight or nine of this article.

WVC 36 - 3 - 5 §36-3-5. Form of deed.
A deed may be made in the following form, or to the same effect: "This deed made the ........ day of ........., in the year ........, between (here insert names of parties), witnesseth: That in consideration of (here state the consideration), the said ............... grants unto the said ............... all, etc. (Here describe the property, and insert covenants or any other provisions.) Witness the following signature."

WVC 36 - 3 - 5 A §36-3-5a. Easement and right-of-way; description of property; exception for certain public utility facilities and mineral leases.

     (a) Any deed or instrument that initially grants or reserves an easement or right-of-way shall describe the easement or right- of-way by any of the following:

     (1) Metes and bounds;

     (2) Specification of centerline: Provided, That any deed or instrument, executed on or after September 1, 2013, that initially grants or reserves an easement or right-of-way using the centerline method must also include the width;

     (3) Station and offset; or

     (4) Reference to an attached drawing or plat which may not require a survey or instrument based on the use of the global positioning system which may not require a survey.

     (b) Oil and gas, gas storage and mineral leases shall not be required to describe the easement, but shall describe the land on which the easement or right-of-way will be situate by source of title or reference to a tax map and parcel, recorded deed, recorded lease, plat or survey sufficient to reasonably identify and locate the property on which the easement or right-of-way is situate: Provided, That the easement or right-of-way is not invalid because of the failure of the easement or right-of-way to meet the requirements of this subsection or subsection (a) above.

     (c) This section does not apply to the construction of a service extension from a main distribution system of a public utility when the service extension is located entirely on, below or above the property to which the utility service is to be provided.

     (d) The clerk of the county commission of any county in which an easement or right-of-way is recorded pursuant to this section may only accept for recordation a document that complies with this section and that otherwise complies with the requirements of article one, chapter thirty-nine of this code, without need for a survey or certification under section two-a, article one, chapter thirty-nine of this code. WVC 36 - 3 - 6 §36-3-6. Necessity of consideration in deed of real property.
If a deed of real property is in other respects valid, it shall not fail for want of a payment of consideration, or the recital of a consideration in the deed. No resulting or other trust in favor of the grantor in such deed shall arise from the mere fact that no consideration was paid or recited, if no trust was in fact intended. The foregoing provisions of this section shall not affect in any manner the right of any party to the deed, or any other person, to have such conveyance set aside for fraud, or because of any other circumstance which would render such conveyance invalid as to such person.

WVC 36 - 3 - 7 §36-3-7. Effect of words of release in a deed.
Whenever, in any deed, there shall be used the words "The said grantor releases to the said grantee all his claims upon the said lands," or words of like import, such deed shall be construed as if it set forth that the grantor or releasor hath remised, released, and forever quitted claim and by these presents doth remise, release, and forever quit claim unto the grantee or releasee, his heirs and assigns, all right, title and interest whatsoever, both at law and in equity, in or to the lands and premises granted or released, or intended so to be.

WVC 36 - 3 - 8 §36-3-8. Form of lease.
A deed of lease may be made in the following form or to the same effect: This deed, made the ...... day of ......., in the year ......, between (here insert the names of the parties), witnesseth: That the said ............... demises unto the said ..............., his personal representatives and assigns, all, etc., (here describe the property), from the ...... day of

......, for the term of ......, thence ensuing, the said

............... (the lessee) paying to the said ...............

(the lessor) therefor, during the said term, the rent of (here state the rent and mode of payment, and insert covenants, conditions, or any other provisions). Witness the following signature.

WVC 36 - 3 - 9 §36-3-9. Form of deed by sheriff or special commissioner.
The deed of a sheriff or special commissioner for real estate sold under the decree, judgment or order of a court may be made in the following form, or to the same effect: This deed, made this ...... day of ......, between A ...............

B ..............., sheriff of the county of ............... (or special commissioner, as the case may be) of the first part, and C ............... D ..............., of the second part, witnesseth: That whereas, the said sheriff (or commissioner) in pursuance of the authority vested in him by a decree (judgment, or order, as the case may be) of the circuit court of the county of .........., made on the ...... day of ......, in a suit in chancery (or an action at law, or otherwise, as the case may be) therein pending, in which E ............... F ............... was plaintiff, and G ............... H ............... was defendant, did sell the real estate hereinafter mentioned and conveyed according to the terms and conditions required by said decree (judgment or order) at which sale the said C ...............

D ............... became the purchaser for the sum of ......

dollars. And whereas, the said court by a subsequent decree (or order) made in the case on the ...... day of ......, confirmed the said sale and directed a deed for the said real estate to be made to the said C ............... D ..............., by the said sheriff (or commissioner). Now, therefore, this deed witnesseth: That the said A ............... B ..............., sheriff (or special commissioner) as aforesaid, doth grant unto the said

C ............... D ..............., a certain parcel of real estate situated in the county of .........., and bounded and described as follows (here insert the boundaries, description and quantity, as near as may be). Witness the following signature.

A ............... B ..............., sheriff (or special commissioner).

WVC 36 - 3 - 10 §36-3-10. Deeds to include buildings, privileges and appurtenances.
Every deed conveying land shall, unless an exception be made therein, be construed to include all buildings, privileges, and appurtenances of every kind belonging to the lands therein embraced.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2016 Regular Session
The West Virginia Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.

Recent legislation affecting the Code

Citation Year/Session Short Title
§36 - 9 - 15 - (Amended Code)
§36 - 9 - 15 A - (New Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB358 SUB1 enr  (Uploaded - 10/02/2017)
Relating generally to trustee sale of timeshare estates
§36 - 1 - 20 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2404 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 10/06/2017)
Barring persons who are convicted of certain criminal offenses from acquiring property from their victims
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