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Chapter 36     Entire Code
‹ Chapter 35A  |  Chapter 36A › Printer Friendly Versions
Chapter 36  |  Article 36 - 1A  |  Section 1
WVC 36 - CHAPTER 36. ESTATES AND PROPERTY.
WVC 36 - 1 A- ARTICLE 1A. UNIFORM STATUTORY RULE AGAINST PERPETUITIES.

WVC 36 - 1 A- 1 §36-1A-1. Statutory rule against perpetuities.

(a) A nonvested property interest is invalid unless:

(1) When the interest is created, it is certain to vest or terminate no later than twenty-one years after the death of an individual then alive; or

(2) The interest either vests or terminates within ninety years after its creation.

(b) A general power of appointment not presently exercisable because of a condition precedent is invalid unless:

(1) When the power is created, the condition precedent is certain to be satisfied or become impossible to satisfy no later than twenty-one years after the death of an individual then alive; or

(2) The condition precedent either is satisfied or becomes impossible to satisfy within ninety years after its creation.

(c) A nongeneral power of appointment or a general testamentary power of appointment is invalid unless:

(1) When the power is created, it is certain to be irrevocably exercised or otherwise to terminate no later than twenty-one years after the death of an individual then alive; or

(2) The power is irrevocably exercised or otherwise terminates within ninety years after its creation.

(d) In determining whether a nonvested property interest or a power of appointment is valid under the provisions of subdivision (1), subsection (a), or subdivision (1), subsection (b), or subdivision (1), subsection (c) of this section, the possibility that a child will be born to an individual after the individual's death is disregarded.

WVC 36 - 1 A- 2 §36-1A-2. When nonvested property interest or power of appointment created.

(a) Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c) of this section and in subsection (a), section five of this article, the time of creation of a nonvested property interest or a power of appointment is determined under general principles of property law.

(b) For purposes of this article, if there is a person who alone can exercise a power created by a governing instrument to become the unqualified beneficial owner of (1) a nonvested property interest or (2) a property interest subject to a power of appointment described in subsections (b) or (c), section one of this article, the nonvested property interest or power of appointment is created when the power to become the unqualified beneficial owner terminates.

(c) For purposes of this article, a nonvested property interest or a power of appointment arising from a transfer of property to a previously funded trust or other existing property arrangement is created when the nonvested property interest or power of appointment in the original contribution was created.

WVC 36 - 1 A- 3 §36-1A-3. Reformation.

Upon the petition of an interested person, a court shall reform a disposition in the manner that most closely approximates the transferor's manifested plan of distribution and is within the ninety years allowed by the provisions of subdivision (2), subsection (a), or subdivision (2), subsection (b), or subdivision (2), subsection (c), section one of this article and if:

(1) A nonvested property interest or a power of appointment becomes invalid pursuant to the provisions of section one of this article;

(2) A class gift is not but might become invalid pursuant to the provisions of section one of this article and the time has arrived when the share of any class member is to take effect in possession or enjoyment; or

(3) A nonvested property interest that is not validated by the provisions of subdivision (1), subsection (a), section one of this article can vest but not within ninety years after its creation.

WVC 36 - 1 A- 4 §36-1A-4. Exclusions from statutory rule against perpetuities.

The provisions of section one of this article do not apply to:

(1) A nonvested property interest or a power of appointment arising out of a nondonative transfer, except a nonvested property interest or a power of appointment arising out of: (A) A premarital or postmarital agreement; (B) a separation or divorce settlement; (C) a spouse's election; (D) a similar arrangement arising out of a prospective, existing, or previous marital relationship between the parties; (E) a contract to make or not to revoke a will or trust; (F) a contract to exercise or not to exercise a power of appointment; (G) a transfer in satisfaction of a duty of support; or (H) a reciprocal transfer;

(2) A fiduciary's power relating to the administration or management of assets, including the power of a fiduciary to sell, lease or mortgage property, and the power of a fiduciary to determine principal and income;

(3) A power to appoint a fiduciary;

(4) A discretionary power of a trustee to distribute principal before termination of a trust to a beneficiary having an indefeasibly vested interest in the income and principal;

(5) A nonvested property interest held by a charity, government, or governmental agency or subdivision, if the nonvested property interest is preceded by an interest held by another charity, government, or governmental agency or subdivision;

(6) A nonvested property interest in or a power of appointment with respect to a trust or other property arrangement forming part of a pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus, health, disability, death benefit, income deferral, or other current or deferred benefit plan for one or more employees, independent contractors, or their beneficiaries or spouses, to which contributions are made for the purpose of distributing to or for the benefit of the participants or their beneficiaries or spouses the property, income, or principal in the trust or other property arrangement, except a nonvested property interest or a power of appointment that is created by an election of a participant or a beneficiary or spouse; or

(7) A property interest, power of appointment, or arrangement that was not subject to the common-law rule against perpetuities or is excluded by another provision of this code.

WVC 36 - 1 A- 5 §36-1A-5. Prospective application.

(a) Except as extended by subsection (b) of this section, this article applies to a nonvested property interest or a power of appointment that is created on or after the effective date of this article. For purposes of this section, a nonvested property interest or a power of appointment created by the exercise of a power of appointment is created when the power is irrevocably exercised or when a revocable exercise becomes irrevocable.

(b) If a nonvested property interest or a power of appointment was created before the effective date of this article and is determined in a judicial proceeding, commenced on or after the effective date of this article, to violate this state's rule against perpetuities as that rule existed before the effective date of this article, a court upon the petition of an interested person may reform the disposition in the manner that most closely approximates the transferor's manifested plan of distribution and is within the limits of the rule against perpetuities applicable when the nonvested property interest or power of appointment was created.

WVC 36 - 1 A- 6 §36-1A-6. Short title.

This article may be cited as the "Uniform Statutory Rule Against Perpetuities."

WVC 36 - 1 A- 7 §36-1A-7. Uniformity of application and construction.

The provisions of this article shall be applied and construed to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law with respect to the subject of this article among states enacting it.

WVC 36 - 1 A- 8 §36-1A-8. Supersession repeal.

The provisions of this article supersede the rule of the common law known as the rule against perpetuities.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
The WV Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.


Recent legislation affecting the Code

Citation Year/Session Short Title
§36 - 12 - 1 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 2 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 3 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 4 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 5 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 6 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 7 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 8 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 9 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 10 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 11 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 12 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 13 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 14 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 15 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 16 - (New Code)
§36 - 12 - 17 - (New Code)
SENATE BILL - 3
PASSED - Regular Session

SB3 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/26/2014)
Creating Uniform Real Property Transfer on Death Act
§36 - 8 - 13 - (Amended Code)
HOUSE BILL - 2837
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2837 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 05/07/2013)
Amending various provisions of the Code affecting the Treasurer's Office
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
The WV Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.
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