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Chapter 30     Entire Code
‹ Chapter 29C  |  Chapter 31 › Printer Friendly Versions
Chapter 30  |  Article 30 - 18  |  Section 7

1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS APPLICABLE T

1A - PROCEDURE FOR REGULATION OF OC

1B - PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO MILIT

2 - ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW

2A - MEDICAL LICENSING BOARD

3 - WEST VIRGINIA MEDICAL PRACTICE

3A - MANAGEMENT OF INTRACTABLE PAIN

3B - MOBILE INTENSIVE CARE PARAMEDI

3C - HEALTH CARE PEER REVIEW ORGANI

3D - PHYSICIAN HEALTH PROGRAMS

3E - PHYSICIAN ASSISTANTS PRACTICE

4 - WEST VIRGINIA DENTAL PRACTICE A

4A - ADMINISTRATION OF GENERAL ANES

4B - DENTAL LABORATORY SERVICES

5 - PHARMACISTS, PHARMACY TECHNICIA

6 - BOARD OF FUNERAL SERVICE EXAMIN

7 - REGISTERED PROFESSIONAL NURSES

7A - PRACTICAL NURSES

7B - CENTER FOR NURSING

7C - DIALYSIS TECHNICIANS

7E - NURSE HEALTH PROGRAMS

8 - OPTOMETRISTS

9 - ACCOUNTANTS

10 - VETERINARIANS

10A - ANIMAL EUTHANASIA TECHNICIAN

11 - CHIROPODISTS-PODIATRISTS

12 - ARCHITECTS

13 - ENGINEERS

13A - LAND SURVEYORS

14 - OSTEOPATHIC PHYSICIANS AND SU

14A - ASSISTANTS TO OSTEOPATHIC PH

15 - NURSE-MIDWIVES

16 - CHIROPRACTORS

17 - SANITARIANS

19 - FORESTERS

20 - PHYSICAL THERAPISTS

21 - PSYCHOLOGISTS; SCHOOL PSYCHOL

22 - LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS

23 - RADIOLOGIC TECHNOLOGISTS

24 - QUALIFICATION OF ARMED FORCES

25 - NURSING HOME ADMINISTRATORS

26 - HEARING-AID DEALERS AND FITTE

27 - BOARD OF BARBERS AND COSMETOL

28 - WEST VIRGINIA OCCUPATIONAL TH

29 - LAW-ENFORCEMENT TRAINING AND

29A - STANDARDS FOR PROFESSIONAL F

30 - SOCIAL WORKERS

31 - LICENSED PROFESSIONAL COUNSEL

32 - SPEECH-LANGUAGE PATHOLOGISTS

33 - TATTOO STUDIO BUSINESS

34 - BOARD OF RESPIRATORY CARE PRA

35 - BOARD OF DIETITIANS

36 - ACUPUNCTURISTS

37 - MASSAGE THERAPISTS

38 - THE REAL ESTATE APPRAISER LIC

38A - APPRAISAL MANAGEMENT COMPANI

39 - UNIFORM ATHLETE AGENTS ACT

40 - WEST VIRGINIA REAL ESTATE LIC

WVC 30- CHAPTER 30. PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS.

WVC 30 - 18 - ARTICLE 18. PRIVATE INVESTIGATIVE AND SECURITY SERVICES.

WVC 30 - 18 - 1 §30-18-1. Definitions.

For the purposes of this article, except where the context clearly requires otherwise, the following terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them:

(1) "Applicant" means a person who files a completed application as required by sections three and six of this article to be licensed to conduct a private investigation business or a security guard business. When a person other than a natural person is applying for a license, the applicant shall be the person whose qualifications are presented to meet the experience or education requirements of sections two or five of this article.

(2) "Private investigation business" means the business of doing an investigation or investigations, for hire, reward or any other type of remuneration, to obtain information about:

(A) A crime which is alleged to have occurred or is threatened to occur;

(B) The habits, activities, conduct, movements, location, associations, transactions, reputation or character of any person;

(C) The credibility of witnesses or other persons;

(D) The location or recovery of lost or stolen property;

(E) The causes or origins of any fire, accident or injury to any property, real or personal, or to identify or locate any person or persons responsible for any such fire, accident or injury;

(F) The truth or falsity of any statement or representation, whether written or oral, or of any type of depiction;

(G) Any matters which constitute evidence or which may lead to the discovery of evidence to be used before any judicial or quasijudicial tribunal, including, but not limited to, civil or criminal courts, administrative agencies, investigating committees, or boards of award or arbitration;

(H) The whereabouts of any missing or kidnapped person;

(I) The affiliation, connection or relationship of any person with any corporation or other business entity, union, organization, society or association, or with any official, member or representative thereof;

(J) Any person or persons seeking employment in the place of any employee or employees who have quit work by reason of any strike; or

(K) The conduct, honesty, efficiency, loyalty or activities of employees, agents, contractors and subcontractors.

(3) "Firm license" means the license held by a person whom the secretary of state has authorized to operate a private detective investigative firm or security guard firm after such person has filed and completed an application pursuant to the application requirements contained in sections three or six and has satisfied the eligibility requirements contained in sections two or five.

(4) "Person" means a natural person, a group of persons or individuals acting individually or as a group, a corporation, company, partnership, association, society, firm, or any business organization or entity organized or existing under the laws of this or any other state or country;

(5) (A) "Private detective" or "private investigator" means a person who is licensed pursuant to the provisions of this article to conduct a private investigation business, as defined in subdivision (2) of this section, and who conducts such business individually and independently from any private detective or investigative firm;

(B) "Private detective" or "private investigator" does not include:

(i) Any individual while acting as an adjuster for an insurance company or companies;

(ii) Individuals employed exclusively and regularly by only one employer in connection with the affairs of such employer only;

(iii) An officer or employee of the United States, or any law-enforcement officer of this state or any political subdivision thereof, while such officer or employee is engaged in the performance of his official duties or while working for a private employer in his off-duty hours;

(iv) Attorneys or counselors-at-law or any employee orrepresentative of such attorney or counselor;

(v) Any corporation duly authorized by this state to operate central burglar or fire alarm protection business; or

(vii) Any investigator of crime appointed by a prosecuting attorney of a county pursuant to the provisions of section two, article four, chapter seven of this code.

(6) "Private detective or investigative firm" means any private detective agency or business or any investigative agency or business that is operated by a licensed private detective or investigator and which employs one or more other persons who actually conduct the private investigation business as defined in subdivision (2) of this section.

(7) (A) "Security guard" means a person who is licensed pursuant to the provisions of this article to conduct a security guard business, as defined in subdivision (8) of this section, and who conducts such business individually and independently from a security guard firm.

(B) "Security guard" does not include a person who is employed exclusively and regularly by only one employer in connection with the affairs of such employer only, or a person who is otherwise hereinafter excluded from the requirements of this article;

(8) (A) "Security guard business" means the business of furnishing, for hire, reward or other remuneration, watchmen, guards, bodyguards, private patrolmen or other persons, to:

(i) Protect property, real or personal, or any person;

(ii) To prevent theft, unlawful taking, misappropriation or concealment of goods, wares or merchandise, money, bonds, stocks, notes or other valuable documents, papers and articles of value; or

(iii) To furnish for hire, guard dogs or armored motor vehicle security services, in connection with the protection of persons or property;

(B) "Security guard business" does not include any activities or duties for which it is necessary to be trained and certified as a law-enforcement officer in accordance with the provisions of article twenty-nine, chapter thirty of this code.

(9) "Security guard firm" means any security guard agency or business that is operated by a licensed security guard and which employs one or more other persons who actually conduct a security guard business as defined in subdivision (8) of this section.

WVC 30-18-2 §30-18-2. Eligibility requirements for license to conduct the private investigation business.

(a) In order to be eligible for any license to conduct the private investigation business, an applicant shall:

(1) Be at least eighteen years of age;

(2) Be a citizen of the United States or an alien who is legally residing within the United States;

(3) Not have had any previous license to conduct a private investigation business or to conduct a security guard business revoked or any application for any such licenses or registrations denied by the appropriate governmental authority in this or any other state or territory;

(4) Not have been declared incompetent by reason of mental defect or disease by any court of competent jurisdiction unless a court has subsequently determined that the applicant's competency has been restored;

(5) Not suffer from habitual drunkenness or from narcotics addiction or dependence;

(6) Be of good moral character;

(7) Have a minimum of two years of experience, education or training in any one of the following areas, or some combination thereof:

(A) Course work that is relevant to the private investigation business at an accredited college or university;

(B) Employment as a member of any United States government investigative agency, employment as a member of a state or local law-enforcement agency or service as a sheriff;

(C) Employment by a licensed private investigative or detective agency for the purpose of conducting the private investigation business;

(D) Service as a magistrate in this state; or

(E) Any other substantially equivalent training or experience;

(8) Not have been convicted of a felony in this state or any other state or territory;

(9) Not have been convicted of any of the following:

(A) Illegally using, carrying or possessing a pistol or other dangerous weapon;

(B) Making or possessing burglar's instruments;

(C) Buying or receiving stolen property;

(D) Entering a building unlawfully;

(E) Aiding an inmate's escape from prison;

(F) Possessing or distributing illicit drugs;

(G) Any misdemeanor involving moral turpitude or for which dishonesty of character is a necessary element; and

(10) Not have violated any provision of section eight of this article.

The provisions of this section shall not prevent the issuance of a license to any person who, subsequent to his or her conviction, shall have received an executive pardon therefor, removing this disability.

(b) Any person who qualifies for a private investigator's license shall also be qualified to conduct security guard business upon notifying the secretary of state in writing that the person will be conducting such business.

(c) No person may be employed as a licensed private investigator while serving as magistrate.

WVC 30 - 18 - 3 §30-18-3. Application requirements for a license to conduct the private investigation business.

(a) To be licensed to be a private detective, a private investigator or to operate a private detective or investigative firm, each applicant shall complete and file a written application, under oath, with the secretary of state and in such form as the secretary may prescribe.

(b) On the application each applicant shall provide the following information: The applicant's name, birth date, citizenship, physical description, military service, current residence, residences for the preceding seven years, qualifying education or experience, the location of each of his or her offices in this state and any other information requested by the secretary of state in order to comply with the requirements of this article.

(c) In the case of a corporation that is seeking a firm license, the application shall be signed by the president, and verified by the secretary or treasurer of such corporation and shall specify the name of the corporation, the date and place of its incorporation, the names and titles of all officers, the location of its principal place of business, and the name of the city, town or village, stating the street and number, and otherwise such apt description as will reasonably indicate the location. If the corporation has been incorporated in a state other than West Virginia, a certificate of good standing from the state of incorporation must accompany the application. This informationmust be provided in addition to that required to be provided by the applicant.

(d) The applicant shall provide:

(1) Information in the application about whether the applicant has ever been arrested for or convicted of any crime or wrongs, either done or threatened, against the government of the United States;

(2) Information about offenses against the laws of West Virginia or any state; and

(3) Any facts as may be required by the secretary of state to show the good character, competency and integrity of the applicant.

To qualify for a firm license, the applicant shall provide such information for each person who will be authorized to conduct the private investigation business and for each officer, member or partner of the firm.

(e) As part of the application, each applicant shall give the secretary of state permission to review the records held by the division of public safety for any convictions that may be on record for the applicant.

(f) For each applicant for a license and for each officer, member and partner of the firm applying for a license, the application shall be accompanied by one recent full-face photograph and one complete set of the person's fingerprints.

(g) For each applicant, the application shall be accompanied by:

(1) Character references from at least five reputable citizens. Each reference must have known the applicant for at least five years preceding the application. No reference may be connected to the applicant by blood or marriage. All references must have been written for the purpose of the application for a license to conduct the private investigation business; and

(2) A nonrefundable application processing service charge of fifty dollars, which shall be payable to the secretary of state to offset the cost of license review and criminal investigation background report from the department of public safety, along with a license fee of one hundred dollars if the applicant is an individual, or two hundred dollars if the applicant is a firm, or five hundred dollars if the applicant is a nonresident of West Virginia or a foreign corporation or business entity. The license fee shall be deposited to the general revenue fund, and shall be refunded only if the license is denied.

(h) All applicants for private detective or private investigator licenses or for private investigation firm licenses shall file in the office of secretary of state a surety bond. Such bond shall:

(1) Be in the sum of two thousand five hundred dollars and conditioned upon the faithful and honest conduct of such business by such applicant;

(2) Be written by a company recognized and approved by the insurance commissioner of West Virginia and approved by theattorney general of West Virginia with respect to its form;

(3) Be in favor of the state of West Virginia for any person who is damaged by any violation of this article. The bond must also be in favor of any person damaged by such a violation.

(i) Any person claiming against the bond required by subsection (h) of this section for a violation of this article may maintain an action at law against any licensed individual or firm and against the surety. The surety shall be liable only for damages awarded under section twelve of this article and not the punitive damages permitted under that section. The aggregate liability of the surety to all persons damaged by a person or firm licensed under this article may not exceed the amount of the bond.

WVC 30 - 18 - 4 §30-18-4. Requirements for employees conducting the private investigation business under a firm license.

(a) Any person who has a private detective firm or investigative firm license shall be responsible for supervising any employee or other individual who conducts the private investigation business under the authority of such person's firm license, regardless of whether such employee or other individual receives compensation for conducting such business. Such supervision shall include providing any education or training that is reasonably necessary to ensure compliance with the requirements of this article.

(b) Any employee or individual who conducts the private investigation business under the authority of a private detective or investigative firm license shall:

(1) Satisfy the requirements of section two of this article, except that such person need not satisfy the education and training requirements contained in subdivision (7) of section two; and

(2) Authorize the secretary of state to review the records held by the division of public safety for any convictions that may be on record for such employee or individual.

(c) A holder of a private detective or investigative firm license is prohibited from authorizing any individual or employee to conduct a private investigation business if such individual does not comply with the requirements of this section.

(d) For every employee or individual who conducts the business of private investigation under the authority of a private detective or investigative firm license, the holder of such license must maintain a recent full-face photograph and one complete set of fingerprints on file at such firm's central business location in this state. Upon request, the holder of the firm license must release the photographs and fingerprints to the secretary of state.

WVC 30 - 18 - 5 §30-18-5. Eligibility requirements to be licensed to conduct security guard business.

(a) In order to be eligible for any license to conduct security guard business, an applicant shall:

(1) Be at least eighteen years of age;

(2) Be a citizen of the United states or an alien who is legally residing within the United States;

(3) Not have had any previous license to conduct security guard business or to conduct the private investigation business revoked or any application for any such licenses or registrations denied by the appropriate governmental authority in this or any other state or territory;

(4) Not have been declared incompetent by reason of mental defect or disease by any court of competent jurisdiction unless said court has subsequently determined that the applicant's competency has been restored;

(5) Not suffer from habitual drunkenness or from narcotics addiction or dependence;

(6) Be of good moral character;

(7) Have had at least one year verified, full time employment conducting security guard business or conducting the private investigation business working for a licensed firm or have one year of substantially equivalent training or experience;

(8) Not have been convicted of a felony in this state or any other state or territory;

(9) Not have been convicted of any of the following:

(A) Illegally using, carrying or possessing a pistol or other dangerous weapon;

(B) Making or possessing burglar's instruments;

(C) Buying or receiving stolen property;

(D) Entering a building unlawfully;

(E) Aiding an inmate's escape from prison;

(F) Possessing or distributing illicit drugs;

(G) Any misdemeanor involving moral turpitude or for which dishonesty of character is a necessary element; and

(10) Not having violated any provision of section eight of this article.

The provisions of this section shall not prevent the issuance of a license to any person who, subsequent to his conviction, shall have received an executive pardon therefor, removing this disability.

WVC 30 - 18 - 6 §30-18-6. Application requirements for a license to conduct security guard business.

(a) To be licensed as a security guard or to operate a security guard firm, each applicant shall complete and file a written application, under oath, with the secretary of state and in such form as the secretary may prescribe.

(b) On the application, each applicant shall provide the following information: The applicant's name, birth date, citizenship, physical description, military service, current residence, residences for the preceding seven years, qualifying education or experience, the location of each of his or her offices in this state and any other information requested by the secretary of state in order to comply with the requirements of this article.

(c) In the case of a corporation that is seeking a firm license, the application shall be signed by the president, and verified by the secretary or treasurer of such corporation and shall specify the name of the corporation, the date and place of its incorporation, the names and titles of all officers, the location of its principal place of business, and the name of the city, town or village, stating the street and number, and otherwise such apt description as will reasonably indicate the location. If the corporation has been incorporated in a state other than West Virginia, a certificate of good standing from the state of incorporation must accompany the application. This information shall be provided in addition to that required to be provided theapplicant.

(d) The applicant shall provide:

(1) Information in the application about whether the applicant has ever been arrested for or convicted of any crime or wrongs, either done or threatened, against the government of the United States;

(2) Information about offenses against the laws of West Virginia or any state; and

(3) Any facts as may be required by the secretary of state to show the good character, competency and integrity of the applicant.

To qualify for a firm license, the applicant shall provide such information for each person who would be authorized to conduct security guard business under the applicant's firm license and for each officer, member or partner in the firm.

(e) As part of the application, each applicant shall give the secretary of state permission to review the records held by the department of public safety for any convictions that may be on record for the applicant.

(f) For each applicant for a license and for each officer, member and partner of the firm applying for a license, the application shall be accompanied by one recent full-face photograph and one complete set of the person's fingerprints.

(g) For each applicant, the application shall be accompanied by:

(1) Character references from at least five reputablecitizens. Each reference must have known the applicant for at least five years preceding the application. No reference may be connected to the applicant by blood or marriage. All references must have been written for the purpose of the application for a license to conduct security guard business; and

(2) A nonrefundable application processing service charge of fifty dollars, which shall be payable to the secretary of state to offset the cost of license review and criminal investigation background report from the department of public safety, along with a license fee of one hundred dollars if the applicant is an individual, or two hundred dollars if the applicant is a firm, or five hundred dollars if the applicant is a nonresident of West Virginia or a foreign corporation or business entity. The license fee shall be deposited to the general revenue fund, and shall be refunded only if the license is denied.

(h) All applicants for security guard licenses or security guard firm licenses shall file in the office of secretary of state a surety bond. Such bond shall:

(1) Be in the sum of two thousand five hundred dollars and conditioned upon the faithful and honest conduct of such business by such applicant;

(2) Be written by a company recognized and approved by the insurance commissioner of West Virginia and approved by the attorney general of West Virginia with respect to its form;

(3) Be in favor of the state of West Virginia for any personwho is damaged by any violation of this article. The bond must also be in favor of any person damaged by such a violation.

(i) Any person claiming against the bond required by subsection (h) of this section for a violation of this article may maintain an action at law against any licensed individual or firm and against the surety. The surety shall be liable only for damages awarded under section twelve of this article and not the punitive damages permitted under that section. The aggregate liability of the surety to all persons damaged by a person or firm licensed under this article may not exceed the amount of the bond.

WVC 30 - 18 - 7 §30-18-7. Requirements for employees conducting security guard business under a firm license.

(a) Any person who has a security guard firm license shall be responsible for supervising any employee or other individual who conducts security guard business under the authority of such person's firm license, regardless of whether such employee or other individual receives compensation for conducting such business. Such supervision shall include providing any education or training that is reasonably necessary to ensure compliance with the requirements of this article.

(b) Any employee or individual who conducts security guard business under the authority of a firm license shall:

(1) Satisfy the requirements of section five of this article, except that such person need not satisfy the prior employment requirements contained in subdivision (7) of section five; and

(2) Authorize the secretary of state to review the records held by the department of public safety for any convictions that may be on record for such employee or individual.

(c) A holder of a security guard firm license is prohibited from authorizing any individual or employee to conduct security guard business if such individual does not comply with the requirements of this section.

(d) For every employee or individual who conducts security guard business under the authority of a security guard firm license, the holder of such license must maintain a recent full-face photograph and one complete set of fingerprints on file at such firm's central business location in this state. Upon request, the holder of the firm license must release the photographs and fingerprints to the secretary of state.

WVC 30 - 18 - 8 §30-18-8. Prohibitions.

(a) No person shall engage in the private investigation business or security guard business without having first obtained from the secretary of state a license to conduct such business.

(b) All licensed persons, including private detectives, private investigators, security guards, private detective or investigative firms and security guard firms, are prohibited from transferring their licenses to an unlicensed person, firm or agency. This prohibition includes contracting or subcontracting with an unlicensed person, firm or agency to conduct the private investigation business or security guard business.

(c) It is unlawful for any person subject to the provisions of this article to knowingly commit any of the following:

(1) Employ any individual to perform the duties of an employee who has not first complied with all provisions of this article and the adopted regulations;

(2) Falsely represent that a person is the holder of a valid license;

(3) Make a false report with respect to any matter with which he or she is employed;

(4) Divulge any information acquired from or for a client to persons other than the client or his or her authorized agent without express authorization to do so or unless required by law;

(5) Accept employment which includes obtaining information intended for illegal purposes;

(6) Authorize or permit another person to violate any provision of this article or any rule of the secretary of state adopted for this article.

WVC 30 - 18 - 9 §30-18-9. Renewal of license.

A license granted under the provisions of this article shall be in effect for one year from the date the certificate of license is issued and may be renewed for a period of one year by the secretary of state upon application, in such form as the secretary may prescribe, and upon payment of the fee and the filing of the surety bond. At the time of applying for renewal of a license, the secretary of state may require any person to provide additional information to reflect any changes in the original application or any previous renewal.

WVC 30 - 18 - 10 §30-18-10. Authority of secretary of state.

(a) When the secretary of state shall be satisfied as to the good character, competency and integrity of an applicant, of all employees or individuals conducting the private investigation business or security guard services under a firm license and, if the applicant is a firm, of each member, officer or partner, he shall issue and deliver to such applicant a certificate of license. Each license issued shall be for a period of one year and shall be revocable at all times for cause shown pursuant to subsection (b) of this section or any rules promulgated pursuant thereto.

(b) The secretary of state shall have the authority to propose for promulgation in accordance with the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code such legislative rules as may be necessary for the administration and enforcement of this article and for the issuance, suspension and revocation of licenses issued under the provisions of this article. The secretary of state shall afford any applicant an opportunity to be heard in person or by counsel when a determination is made to deny, revoke or suspend any such applicant's license or application for license, including a renewal of a license. Such applicant shall have fifteen days from the date of receiving written notice of the secretary of state's adverse determination to request a hearing on the matter of denial, suspension or revocation. The action of the secretary of state in granting, renewing, or in refusing to grant or to renew, a license, shall be subject to review by the circuit court of Kanawha County or other court of competent jurisdiction.

(c) At any hearing before the secretary of state to challenge an adverse determination by the secretary of state on the matter of a denial, suspension or revocation of a license, if the adverse determination is based upon a conviction for a crime which would bar licensure under the provisions of this article, the hearing shall be an identity hearing only, and the sole issue which may be contested is whether the person whose application is denied or whose license is suspended or revoked is the same person convicted of the crime.

WVC 30 - 18 - 11 §30-18-11. Penalties.

(a) Any person, licensed or unlicensed, who violates any of the provisions of this article is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $5,000 or be confined in jail for not more than one year, or both.

(b) In the case of a violation of subsection (a) of section eight, a fine is assessed by the court for each day that an individual conducted the private investigation business or security guard business. In the case of a firm license, the fine is based on each day that the private investigative or security services were provided multiplied by the number of unauthorized persons providing those services.

WVC 30 - 18 - 12 §30-18-12. Action for damages.

Any individual who is injured by a violation of this article may bring an action for recovery of damages, including punitive damages plus reasonable attorney's fees and court costs.

WVC 30 - 18 - 13 §30-18-13. Disposition of fees.

All fees collected hereunder by the secretary of state shall be paid to the treasurer of the state and deposited in the general revenue fund.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2014 1st Special Session
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