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Chapter 29     Entire Code
‹ Chapter 28  |  Chapter 29A › Printer Friendly Versions
Chapter 29  |  Article 29 - 1  |  Section 7A

1A - COMMISSION ON UNIFORM STATE LA

1B - COMMISSION ON INTERSTATE COOPE

1C - INTERSTATE COMMISSION ON THE P

1D - OHIO RIVER VALLEY WATER SANITA

1E - SOUTHERN STATES ENERGY COMPACT

1F - WHEELING CREEK WATERSHED PROTE

1G - INTERSTATE COMPACT ON AIR POLL

1H - APPALACHIAN STATES LOW-LEVEL R

1I - VOLUNTARY VETERANS MEMORIAL CH

1J - JENNINGS RANDOLPH LAKE PROJECT

2 - GEODETIC AND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

2A - STATE AERONAUTICS COMMISSION

2B - WEATHER MODIFICATION

3 - FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL ACT

3A - AUTHORITY OF LOCAL FIRE DEPART

3B - SUPERVISION OF ELECTRICIANS

3C - CERTIFICATION OF ELECTRICAL IN

3D - SUPERVISION OF FIRE PROTECTION

4 - NOTARIES PUBLIC AND COMMISSIONE

4A - DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WELFARE

5 - BUREAU OF NEGRO WELFARE AND STA

5A - STATE ATHLETIC COMMISSION

6 - CIVIL SERVICE SYSTEM

6A - GRIEVANCE PROCEDURE FOR STATE

7 - POET LAUREATE

8 - BLENNERHASSETT ISLAND HISTORICA

9 - INDUSTRIAL AND PUBLICITY COMMIS

10 - STATE PLANNING BOARD

11 - SURPLUS PROPERTY AGENCY

12 - STATE INSURANCE

12A - GOVERNMENTAL TORT CLAIMS AND

12B - WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH CARE PR

12C - PATIENT INJURY COMPENSATION

12D - WEST VIRGINIA PATIENT INJURY

13 - ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

14 - STATE COMMISSION ON AGING

15 - STATE COMMISSION ON MENTAL RE

16 - DEPARTMENT OF PERSONNEL

17 - THE WEST VIRGINIA ARTS AND HU

18 - WEST VIRGINIA STATE RAIL AUTH

19 - SOLICITATION OF CHARITABLE FU

20 - WOMEN'S COMMISSION

21 - PUBLIC DEFENDER SERVICES

22 - STATE LOTTERY ACT

22A - RACETRACK VIDEO LOTTERY

22B - LIMITED VIDEO LOTTERY

22C - WEST VIRGINIA LOTTERY RACETR

23 - WEST VIRGINIA BOUNDARY COMMIS

24 - TECHNOLOGY-RELATED ASSISTANCE

25 - AUTHORIZED GAMING FACILITY

26 - WEST VIRGINIA COURTHOUSE FACI

27 - NATIONAL COAL HERITAGE AREA A

28 - COAL HERITAGE HIGHWAY AUTHORI

29 - VOLUNTEER FOR NONPROFIT YOUTH

WVC 29- CHAPTER 29. MISCELLANEOUS BOARDS AND OFFICERS.
WVC 29 - 1 - ARTICLE 1. DIVISION OF CULTURE AND HISTORY.

WVC 29 - 1 - 1 §29-1-1. Division of Culture and History continued; sections and commissions; purposes; definitions; effective date.
(a) The Division of Culture and History and the office of Commissioner of Culture and History heretofore created are hereby continued. The Governor shall nominate and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint the commissioner, who shall be the chief executive officer of the division and shall be paid an annual salary as provided in section two-a, article seven, chapter six of this code. The commissioner so appointed shall have: (1) A bachelor's degree in one of the fine arts, social sciences, library science or a related field; or (2) four years' experience in the administration of museum management, public administration, arts, history or a related field.

(b) The division shall consist of five sections as follows:

(1) The arts section;

(2) The archives and history section;

(3) The museums section;

(4) The historic preservation section; and

(5) The administrative section.

(c) The division shall also consist of two citizens commissions as follows:

(1) A Commission on the Arts; and

(2) A Commission on Archives and History.

(d) The commissioner shall exercise control and supervision of the division and shall be responsible for the projects, programs and actions of each of its sections. The purpose and duty of the division is to advance, foster and promote the creative and performing arts and crafts, including both indoor and outdoor exhibits and performances; to advance, foster, promote, identify, register, acquire, mark and care for historical, prehistorical, archaeological and significant architectural sites, structures and objects in the state; to encourage the promotion, preservation and development of significant sites, structures and objects through the use of economic development activities such as loans, subsidies, grants and other incentives; to coordinate all cultural, historical and artistic activities in state government and at state-owned facilities; to acquire, preserve and classify books, documents, records and memorabilia of historical interest or importance; and, in general, to do all things necessary or convenient to preserve and advance the culture of the state.

(e) The division shall have jurisdiction and control and may set and collect fees for the use of all space in the building presently known as the West Virginia Science and Culture Center, including the deck and courtyards forming an integral part thereof; the building presently known as West Virginia Independence Hall in Wheeling, including all the grounds and appurtenances thereof; "Camp Washington Carver" in Fayette County, as provided in section fourteen of this article; and any other sites as may be transferred to or acquired by the division. Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, including the provisions of article one, chapter five-b of this code, beginning on and after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-three, the division shall have responsibility for, and control of, all visitor touring and visitor tour guide activities within the State Capitol Building at Charleston.

(f) For the purposes of this article, "commissioner" means the Commissioner of Culture and History, and "division" means the Division of Culture and History.

WVC 29 - 1 - 1 A §29-1-1a. Transfer of powers and duties; existing contracts and obligations.

Except as otherwise provided in this article, the powers and duties of the West Virginia antiquities commission, the West Virginia arts and humanities council and the department of archives and history are hereby transferred to the division of culture and history. All existing contracts and obligations of the West Virginia antiquities commission, the West Virginia arts and humanities council and the department of archives and history, or relating to the present science and culture center, shall remain in full force and effect and shall be performed by the division of culture and history.

WVC 29 - 1 - 1 B §29-1-1b.
Repealed.

Acts, 2010 Reg. Sess., Ch. 32. WVC 29 - 1 - 2 §29-1-2. General powers of commissioner.

The commissioner shall assign and allocate space in all facilities assigned to the division and all space in the building presently known as the West Virginia science and culture center, and any other buildings or sites under the control of the commissioner, and may, in accordance with the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, prescribe rules, regulations and fees for the use and occupancy of said facilities, including tours.

The commissioner shall coordinate the operations and affairs of the sections and commissions of the division and assign each section or commission responsibilities according to criteria the commissioner deems most efficient, productive and best calculated to carry out the purposes of this article. The commissioner shall provide to the fullest extent possible for centralization and coordination of the bookkeeping, personnel, purchasing, printing, duplicating, binding and other services which can be efficiently combined. The commissioner may establish such other sections for such purposes as he or she deems necessary, and may appoint directors thereof. The commissioner may appoint a director of the West Virginia science and culture center. The commissioner shall serve as the state historic preservation officer and shall chair the capitol building commission.

After consultation with the section directors and the commissions, the commissioner shall prepare a proposed division budget for submission to the governor for each fiscal year.

No contract, agreement or undertaking may be entered into by any section of the division which involves the expenditure of funds without the express written approval of the commissioner as to fiscal responsibility.

The commissioner shall prepare and submit to the governor an annual report in accordance with the provisions of section twenty, article one, chapter five of this code, which report shall include a detailed account of the activities of each section and commission of the division.

The commissioner shall employ all personnel for the sections, except for persons in the professional positions established within the sections as provided in this article; and shall supply support services to the commissions and to the governor's mansion advisory committee.

WVC 29 - 1 - 3 §29-1-3. Commission on the arts.
(a) The commission on the arts is continued and shall be composed of fifteen appointed voting members and the ex officio nonvoting members set forth or authorized for appointment in this section.

(b)(1) The governor shall appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, the voting members of the commission for staggered terms of three years. A person appointed to fill a vacancy shall be appointed only for the remainder of that term.

(2) No more than eight voting members may be of the same political party. Effective the first day of July, two thousand four, no more than three voting members may be from the same regional educational service agency district created in section twenty-six, article two, chapter eighteen of this code. Voting members of the commission shall be appointed so as to fairly represent both sexes, the ethnic and cultural diversity of the state and the geographic regions of the state.

(3) The commission shall elect one of its members as chair. It shall meet at the times specified by the chair. Notice of each meeting shall be given to each member by the chair in compliance with the open meetings laws of the state. A majority of the voting members constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. The director of the arts section shall be an ex officio nonvoting member of the commission and shall serve as secretary. The director or a majority of the members also may call a meeting upon notice as provided in this section.

(4) Each voting member or ex officio nonvoting member of the commission shall serve without compensation, but shall be reimbursed for all reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred in the performance of the duties of the office; except that in the event the expenses are paid, or are to be paid, by a third party, the member or ex officio member, as the case may be, shall not be reimbursed by the state.

(5) Upon recommendation of the commissioner, the governor also may appoint those officers of the state that are appropriate to serve on the commission as ex officio nonvoting members.

(c) The commission may:

(1) Advise the commissioner and the director of the arts section concerning the accomplishment of the purposes of that section and establish a state plan with respect to the arts section;

(2) Approve and distribute grants-in-aid and awards from federal and state funds relating to the purposes of the arts section;

(3) Request, accept or expend federal funds to accomplish the purposes of the arts section when federal law or regulations would prohibit those actions by the commissioner or section director, but would permit them to be done by the commission on the arts;

(4) Otherwise encourage and promote the purposes of the arts section;

(5) Approve rules concerning the professional policies and functions of the section as promulgated by the director of the arts section; and

(6) Advise and consent to the appointment of the director by the commissioner.

(d) A special revenue account in the state treasury, known as the "cultural facilities and capital resources matching grant program fund", is continued. The fund shall consist of moneys received under section ten, article twenty-two-a of this chapter and funds from any other source. The moneys in the fund shall be expended in accordance with the following:

(1) Fifty percent of the moneys deposited in the fund shall be expended by the commission on the arts for capital improvements, preservation and operations of cultural facilities: Provided, That the commission on the arts may use no more than twenty-five percent of the funding for operations of cultural facilities pursuant to the rule required by this subdivision: Provided, however, That the commission shall make a women's veterans memorial statue a priority when expending the funds: Provided further, That the commission shall submit the plans for the statue to the secretary of administration for his or her approval. The commission on the arts shall propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to create a matching grant program for cultural facilities and capital resources; and

(2) Fifty percent of the moneys deposited in the fund shall be expended by the division of culture and history for:

(A) Capital improvements, preservation and operation of cultural facilities that are managed by the division; and

(B) Capital improvements, preservation and operation of cultural facilities that are not managed by the division.

WVC 29-1-4 §29-1-4. Arts section; director.
The purposes and duties of the arts section are to stimulate, encourage, assist, promote, foster and develop the performing and creative arts and crafts in the state; and in furtherance thereof to make awards, prizes and grants to individual performers, artists or craftsmen and to public or private corporations or associations in the field of either the performing or creative arts and crafts that would tend to encourage and foster the advancement of such arts and crafts; to support cultural, artistic or craft exhibits or performances at the division's facilities or on tour; and to perform such other duties as may be assigned to said section by the commissioner.

With the advice and consent of the commission on the arts, the commissioner shall appoint a director of the arts section, who shall have: (1) A bachelor's degree in the fine arts or related field or equivalent training and experience; or (2) three years' experience in administration of the fine arts or a related field.

With the approval of the commissioner, the director shall establish professional positions within the section. The director shall employ the personnel within these professional positions for the section.

The director may propose rules for legislative promulgation, in accordance with the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, concerning the professional policies and functions of the arts section, subject to the approval of the commission on the arts.

WVC 29 - 1 - 5 §29-1-5. Archives and history commission.

The archives and history commission which is hereby created shall be composed of thirteen appointed members, two ex officio voting members and six ex officio nonvoting members as provided in this section.

The governor shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint the members of the commission for staggered terms of three years. A person appointed to fill a vacancy shall be appointed only for the remainder of that term.

No more than seven of the appointed members may be of the same political party. Members of the commission should be appointed so as to fairly represent both sexes, the ethnic and cultural diversity of the state and the geographic regions of the state. The archives and history commission shall contain the required professional representation necessary to carry out the provisions of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, and shall serve as the "state review board" and shall follow all rules and regulations as specified therein. This representation shall include the following professions: Historian, architectural historian, historical architect, archaeologist specializing in historic and prehistoric archaeology, archivist, librarian and museum specialist.

The commission shall elect one of its members chair. It shall meet at such time as shall be specified by the chair. Notice of each meeting shall be given to each member by the chair in compliance with the open meetings law. A majority of the voting members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

In addition to the thirteen appointed members, the president of the state historical society and the president of the state historical association shall serve as ex officio voting members of the archives and history commission. The director of the state geological and economic survey, the president of the West Virginia preservation alliance, inc., and the state historic preservation officer shall serve as ex officio nonvoting members of the archives and history commission.

The directors of the archives and history section, the historic preservation section and the museums section shall be ex officio nonvoting members of the commission. The director of the archives and history section shall serve as secretary of the commission. The secretary, or a majority of the members, may also call a meeting upon such notice as provided in this section.

Each member or ex officio member of the commission shall serve without compensation, but shall be reimbursed for all reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred in the performance of the duties of the commission; except that in the event the expenses are paid, or are to be paid, by a third party, the member or ex officio member, as the case may be, shall not be reimbursed by the state.

The commission shall have the following powers:

(a) To advise the commissioner and the directors of the archives and history section, the historic preservation section and the museums section concerning the accomplishment of the purposes of those sections and to establish a state plan with respect thereto;

(b) To approve and distribute grants-in-aid and awards from federal and state funds relating to the purposes of the archives and history section, the historic preservation section and the museums section;

(c) To request, accept or expend federal funds to accomplish the purposes of the archives and history section, the historic preservation section and the museums section when federal law or regulations would prohibit the same by the commissioner or section director, but would permit the same to be done by the archives and history commission;

(d) To otherwise encourage and promote the purposes of the archives and history section, the historic preservation section and the museums section;

(e) To approve rules and regulations concerning theprofessional policies and functions of the archives and history section, the historic preservation section and the museums section as promulgated by the directors of those sections;

(f) To advise and consent to the appointment of the section directors by the commissioner; and

(g) To review and approve nominations to the state and national registers of historic places.

WVC 29 - 1 - 6 §29-1-6. Archives and history section; director.
(a) The purposes and duties of the archives and history section are to locate, survey, investigate, register, identify, preserve, protect, restore and recommend to the commissioner for acquisition documents and records having historical, evidential, administrative and/or legal value relating to the state of West Virginia and the territory included in the state from the earliest times to the present, upon its own initiative or in cooperation with any private or public society, organization or agency; to conduct a continuing survey and study throughout the state to develop a state plan to determine the needs and priorities for the preservation of the documents and records; to direct, protect, preserve, study and disseminate information on the documents and records; to provide matching grants to political subdivisions of this state to protect and preserve the documents and records; to operate and maintain a state library for the preservation of all public records, state papers, documents and reports of all three branches of state government including all boards, commissions, departments and agencies as well as any other private or public papers, books or documents of peculiar or historic interest or significance; to designate appropriate monuments, tablets or markers for historic, architectural and scenic sites within the state and to arrange for the purchase, replacement, care of and maintenance of the monuments, tablets and markers and to formulate and prepare suitable copy for them; to edit and publish a historical journal devoted to the history, biography, bibliography and genealogy of West Virginia; and to perform any other duties assigned to the section by the commissioner.

(b) With the advice and consent of the archives and history commission, the commissioner shall appoint a director of the archives and history section, who shall have: (1) A graduate degree in one of the social sciences, or equivalent training and experience in the field of West Virginia history, history, or in records, library or archives management; and (2) three years' experience in administration in the field of West Virginia history, history, or in records, library or archives management. Notwithstanding these qualifications, the person serving as the state historian and archivist on the date of enactment of this article is eligible for appointment as the director of the archives and history section. The director of the archives and history section shall serve as the state historian and archivist.

(c) With the approval of the commissioner, the director shall establish professional positions within the section and develop appropriate organizational structures to carry out the duties of the section. The director shall employ the personnel with applicable professional qualifications to fill positions within the organizational structure with the minimum professional qualifications. At the minimum, the following professions shall be represented within the section staff: Historian, archivist, librarian and technical and clerical positions as are required.

(d) The director shall promulgate rules with the approval of the archives and history commission and in accordance with chapter twenty-nine-a of this code concerning: (1) The professional policies and functions of the archives and history section; and (2) any other rules determined necessary to effectuate the purposes of this article.

WVC 29 - 1 - 7 §29-1-7. Museums section; director.

(a) The purposes and duties of the museums section are to locate, survey, investigate, register, identify, excavate, preserve, protect, restore and recommend to the commissioner for acquisition historic objects worthy of preservation, relating to the state of West Virginia and the territory included therein from the earliest times to the present, upon its own initiative or in cooperation with any private or public society, organization or agency; to conduct a continuing survey and study throughout the state to develop a state plan to determine the needs and priorities for the preservation, restoration or development of such objects; to direct, protect, excavate, preserve, study or develop such objects; to preserve and protect all battle or regimental flags borne by West Virginians and other memorabilia of historic interest; to operate and maintain a state museum, and to coordinate activities with other museums in the state; and to perform such other duties as may be assigned to the section by the commissioner.

(b) With the advice and consent of the archives and history commission, in addition to the duties above set forth, the section shall determine the whereabouts of and require the return of furnishings and objects missing from the capitol building and other state-owned or controlled buildings, including, but not limited to, furnishings chosen or purchased for the capitol by its architect, Cass Gilbert. No furnishings from the capitol may be sold or disposed of except pursuant to the provisions of article three, chapter five-a of this code. If furnishings originally designated as capitol building furnishings have been sold or otherwise disposed of without the requisite sale procedures, such furnishings shall be returned to the capitol and, upon presentation of proof of the amount paid, the current owner shall be reimbursed for the cost of the furnishing less any appropriate depreciation or wear and tear.

(c) With the advice and consent of the archives and history commission, the commissioner shall appoint a director of the museums section, who shall have: (1) A graduate degree in one of the social sciences, or equivalent training and experience in the field of West Virginia history, history, archaeology, or in museum administration; and (2) three years' experience in administration in the field of West Virginia history, history, archaeology, or in museum management.

(d) With the approval of the commissioner, the director shall establish professional positions within the section and develop appropriate organizational structures to carry out the duties of the section. The director shall employ the personnel with applicable professional qualifications to fill positions within the organizational structure. At the minimum, the following professions shall be represented within the section staff: Curator and such technical and clerical positions as are required. With the approval of the commissioner, the director shall establish professional positions within the section. The director shall employ the personnel within these professional positions for the section.

(e) The director shall promulgate rules and regulations with the approval of the archives and history commission and in accordance with chapter twenty-nine-a of this code concerning: (1) The professional policies and functions of the museums section; and (2) such other rules and regulations as may be deemed necessary to effectuate the purposes of this section.

WVC 29 - 1 - 7 A §29-1-7a.
Repealed.

Acts, 1991 Reg. Sess., Ch. 42.

WVC 29 - 1 - 8 §29-1-8. Historic preservation section; director.
(a) The purposes and duties of the historic preservation section are to locate, survey, investigate, register, identify, preserve, protect, restore and recommend to the commissioner for acquisition historic, architectural, archaeological and cultural sites, structures and objects worthy of preservation, including human skeletal remains, graves, grave artifacts and grave markers, relating to the State of West Virginia and the territory included therein from the earliest times to the present upon its own initiative or in cooperation with any private or public society, organization or agency; to conduct a continuing survey and study throughout the state to develop a state plan to determine the needs and priorities for the preservation, restoration or development of the sites, structures and objects; to direct, protect, excavate, preserve, study or develop the sites and structures; to review all undertakings permitted, funded, licensed or otherwise assisted, in whole or in part, by the state for the purposes of furthering the duties of the section; to carry out the duties and responsibilities enumerated in the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, as they pertain to the duties of the section; to develop and maintain a West Virginia State Register of Historic Places for use as a planning tool for state and local government; to cooperate with state and federal agencies in archaeological work; to issue permits for the excavation or removal of human skeletal remains, grave artifacts and grave markers, archaeological and prehistoric and historic features under the provisions of section eight-a of this article; and to perform any other duties as may be assigned to the section by the commissioner.

(b) With the advice and consent of the Archives and History Commission, the commissioner shall appoint a director of the historic preservation section who shall have: (1) A graduate degree in one of the social sciences or equivalent training and experience in the field of historic preservation, archaeology, West Virginia history or history; and (2) three years' experience in administration in the field of West Virginia history, history, historic preservation or archaeology. The director of the historic preservation section shall serve as the deputy state historic preservation officer.

(c) With the approval of the commissioner, the director shall establish professional positions within the section and develop appropriate organizational structures to carry out the duties of the section. The director shall employ the personnel with applicable professional qualifications to fill positions within the organizational structure with the minimum professional qualifications necessary to carry out the provisions of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended. At the minimum, the following professions shall be represented within the section staff: Historian, architectural historian, a structural historian who specializes in historical preservation, an archaeologist specializing in historic and prehistoric archaeology and such technical and clerical positions as are required.

(d) The director shall promulgate rules with the approval of the archives and history commission and in accordance with chapter twenty-nine-a of this code concerning: (1) The professional policies and functions of the historic preservation section; (2) the review of and, when required, issuance of permits for all undertakings permitted, funded, licensed or otherwise assisted, in whole or in part, by the state as indicated in subsection (a) of this section in order to carry out the duties and responsibilities of the section; (3) the establishment and maintenance of a West Virginia State Register of Historic Places, including the criteria for eligibility of buildings, structures, sites, districts and objects for the State Register and procedures for nominations to the State Register and protection of nominated and listed properties; (4) the review of historic structures in accordance with compliance alternatives and other provisions in any state fire regulation and shall coordinate standards with the appropriate regulatory officials regarding their application; (5) review of historic structures in conjunction with existing state or local building codes and shall coordinate standards with the appropriate regulatory officials for their application; and (6) any other rules as may be considered necessary to effectuate the purposes of this article.

WVC 29 - 1 - 8 A §29-1-8a. Protection of human skeletal remains, grave artifacts and grave markers; permits for excavation and removal; penalties.
(a) Legislative findings and purpose. --

The Legislature finds that there is a real and growing threat to the safety and sanctity of unmarked human graves in West Virginia and the existing laws of the state do not provide equal or adequate protection for all such graves. As evident by the numerous incidents in West Virginia which have resulted in the desecration of human remains and vandalism to grave markers, there is an immediate need to protect the graves of earlier West Virginians from such desecration. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to assure that all human burials be accorded equal treatment and respect for human dignity without reference to ethnic origins, cultural backgrounds, or religious affiliations.

The Legislature also finds that those persons engaged in the scientific study or recovery of artifacts which have been acquired in accordance with the law are engaged in legitimate and worthy scientific and educational activities. Therefore, this legislation is intended to permit the appropriate pursuit of those lawful activities.

Finally, this legislation is not intended to interfere with the normal activities of private property owners, farmers, or those engaged in the development, mining or improvement of real property. (b) Definitions. --

For the purposes of this section:

(1) "Human skeletal remains" means the bones, teeth, hair or tissue of a deceased human body;

(2) "Unmarked grave" means any grave or location where a human body or bodies have been buried or deposited for at least fifty years and the grave or location is not in a publicly or privately maintained cemetery or in the care of a cemetery association, or is located within such cemetery or in such care and is not commonly marked;

(3) "Grave artifact" means any items of human manufacture or use that are associated with the human skeletal remains in a grave;

(4) "Grave marker" means any tomb, monument, stone, ornament, mound, or other item of human manufacture that is associated with a grave;

(5) "Person" means any individual, partnership, firm, society, association, trust, corporation, other business entity or any agency, unit or instrumentality of federal, state or local government;

(6) "Disturb" means the excavating, removing, exposing, defacing, mutilating, destroying, molesting, or desecrating in any way of human skeletal remains, unmarked graves, grave artifacts or grave markers;

(7) "Native American tribe" means any Indian tribe, band, nation, or organized group or community which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians;

(8) "Cultural affiliation" means the relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced historically or prehistorically between a present day group and an identifiable earlier group;

(9) "Lineal descendants" means any individuals tracing his or her ancestry directly or by proven kinship; and

(10) "Proven kinship" means the relationship among people that exists because of genetic descent, which includes racial descent.

(c) Acts prohibited; penalties; exceptions. --

(1) No person may excavate, remove, destroy, or otherwise disturb any historic or prehistoric ruins, burial grounds, archaeological site, or human skeletal remains, unmarked grave, grave artifact or grave marker of historical significance unless such person has a valid permit issued to him or her by the Director of the Historic Preservation Section: Provided, That the supervising archaeologist of an archaeological investigation being undertaken in compliance with the federal Archaeological Resources Protection Act (Public Law 96-95 at 16 USC 470(aa)) and regulations promulgated thereunder is not required to obtain such permit, but shall notify the Director of the Historic Preservation Section that such investigation is being undertaken and file reports as are required of persons issued a permit under this section: Provided, however, That projects being undertaken in compliance with section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, or subsection (a), section five of this article is not required to obtain such permit for excavation, removal, destruction or disturbance of historic or prehistoric ruins or archaeological sites.

(2) A person who, either by himself or herself or through an agent, intentionally excavates, removes, destroys or otherwise disturbs any historic or prehistoric ruins, burial grounds or archaeological site, or unmarked grave, grave artifact or grave marker of historical significance without first having been issued a valid permit by the Director of the Historic Preservation Section, or who fails to comply with the terms and conditions of such permit, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $500, confined in jail for not more than six months, or both fined and confined.

(3) A person who, either by himself or herself or through an agent, intentionally excavates, removes, destroys or otherwise disturbs human skeletal remains of historical significance without first having been issued a valid permit by the Director of the Historic Preservation Section, or who fails to comply with the terms and conditions relating to disinterment or displacement of human skeletal remains of such permit, is guilty of the felony of disinterment or displacement of a dead human body or parts thereof under section fourteen, article eight, chapter sixty-one of this code and, upon conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned in a state correctional facility not more than five years.

(4) A person who intentionally withholds information about the excavation, removal, destruction, or other disturbance of any historic or prehistoric ruins, burial grounds, archaeological site, or human skeletal remains, unmarked grave, grave artifact or grave marker of historical significance is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $100, or confined in jail not more than ten days, or both fined and confined.

(5) A person who, either by himself or herself or through an agent, offers for sale or exchange any human skeletal remains, grave artifact or grave marker obtained in violation of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000 or confined in jail not more than one year, or both fined and confined.

(6) Each instance of excavation, removal, destruction, disturbance or offering for sale or exchange under subdivisions (1) through (5) of this subsection shall constitute a separate offense.

(7) It is a complete defense in a prosecution under this section if the defendant can prove by a preponderance of evidence that the alleged acts were accidental or inadvertent and that reasonable efforts were made to preserve the remains accidentally disturbed or discovered, and that the accidental discovery or disturbance was properly reported.

(8) This subsection does not apply to actions taken in the performance of official law-enforcement duties.

(d) Notification of discovery of human skeletal remains in unmarked locations. --

Upon the discovery of human skeletal remains, grave artifact or grave marker in an unmarked grave on any publicly or privately owned property, the person making such discovery shall immediately cease any activity which may cause further disturbance, make a reasonable effort to protect the area from further disturbance and notify the county sheriff within forty-eight hours of the discovery and its location. If the human remains, grave artifact or grave marker appear to be from an unmarked grave, the sheriff shall promptly, and prior to any further disturbance or removal of the remains, notify the Director of the Historic Preservation Section. The director shall cause an on-site inspection of the disturbance to be made to determine the potential for archaeological significance of the site: Provided, That when the discovery is made by an archaeological investigation permitted under state or federal law, the supervising archaeologist shall notify the Director of the Historic Preservation Section directly.

If the Director of the Historic Preservation Section determines that the site has no archaeological significance, the removal, transfer and disposition of the remains shall be subject to the provisions of article thirteen, chapter thirty-seven of this code, and the director shall notify the circuit court of the county wherein the site is located.

If the Director of the Historic Preservation Section determines that the site has a potential for archaeological significance, the director shall take such action as is reasonable, necessary and prudent, including consultation with appropriate private or public organizations, to preserve and advance the culture of the state in accordance with the powers and duties granted to the director, including the issuance of a permit for the archaeological excavation or removal of the remains. If the director determines that the issuance of a permit for the archaeological excavation or removal of the remains is not reasonable, necessary or prudent, the director shall provide written reasons to the applicant for not issuing the permit.

(e) Issuance of permits. --

Prior to the issuance of a permit for the disturbance of human skeletal remains, grave artifacts, or grave markers, the director of historic preservation shall convene and chair an ad hoc committee to develop permit conditions. The committee shall be comprised of the chair and six or eight members representing known or presumed lineal descendants, private and public organizations which have cultural affiliation to the presumed contents of the site, the Council for West Virginia Archaeology and the West Virginia Archaeological Society. In the case of Native American sites, the membership of the committee shall be comprised of the chair and six or eight members representing the Council for West Virginia Archaeology, the West Virginia Archaeological Society, and known or presumed lineal descendants, preferably with cultural affiliation to tribes that existed in the geographic area that is now West Virginia.

In the case of a site of less then five acres, which is owned by an individual or partnership, the ad hoc committee must be formed within thirty days of application for same by the property owner, must meet within sixty days of such application, and must render a decision within ninety days of such application.

All such permits shall at a minimum address the following conditions: (1) The methods by which lineal descendants of the deceased are notified prior to the disturbance; (2) the respectful manner in which the remains, artifacts or markers are to be removed and handled; (3) scientific analysis of the remains, artifacts or markers and the duration of those studies; (4) the way in which the remains may be reburied in consultation with any lineal descendants, when available; (5) methods for the respectful curation of recovered items; and (6) such other conditions as the director may deem necessary. Expenses accrued in meeting the permit conditions shall be borne by the permit applicant, except in cases where the deceased descendants or sponsors are willing to share or assume the costs. A permit to disturb human skeletal remains, grave artifacts or grave markers will be issued only after alternatives to disturbance and other mitigative measures have been considered.

In addition, a person applying for a permit to excavate or remove human skeletal remains, grave artifacts, grave markers, or any historic or prehistoric features of archaeological significance may provide to the ad hoc committee information he or she deems appropriate and shall:

(1) Provide a detailed statement to the Director of the Historic Preservation Section giving the reasons and objectives for excavation or removal and the benefits expected to be obtained from the contemplated work;

(2) Provide data and results of any excavation, study or collection in annual reports to the Director of the Historic Preservation Section and submit a final report to the director upon completion of the excavation;

(3) Obtain the prior written permission of the owner if the site of such proposed excavation is on privately owned land; and

(4) Provide any additional information the ad hoc committee deems necessary in developing the permit conditions.

The permits shall be issued for a period of two years and may be renewed at expiration. The permits are not transferable but other persons who have not been issued a permit may work under the direct supervision of the person holding the permit. The person or persons to whom a permit was issued must carry the permit while exercising the privileges granted and must be present at the site whenever work is being done.

Notwithstanding any other penalties to which a person may be subject under this section for failing to comply with the terms and conditions of a permit, the permit of a person who violates any of the provisions of this subsection shall be revoked.

As permits are issued, the Director of the Historic Preservation Section shall maintain a catalogue of unmarked grave locations throughout the state.

(f) Property tax exemption for unmarked grave sites. --

To serve as an incentive for the protection of unmarked graves, the owner, having evidence of the presence of unmarked graves on his or her property, may apply to the Director of the Historic Preservation Section for a determination as to whether such is the case. Upon making such a determination in the affirmative, the Director of the Historic Preservation Section shall provide written certification to the landowner that the site containing the graves is a cemetery and as such is exempt from property taxation upon presentation of the certification to the county assessor. The area of the site to receive property tax exempt status shall be determined by the Director of the Historic Preservation Section. Additionally, a property owner may establish protective easements for the location of unmarked graves.

(g) Additional provisions for enforcement; civil penalties; rewards for information. --

(1) The prosecuting attorney of the county in which a violation of any provision of this section is alleged to have occurred may be requested by the Director of the Historic Preservation Section to initiate criminal prosecutions or to seek civil damages, injunctive relief and any other appropriate relief. The Director of the Historic Preservation Section shall cooperate with the prosecuting attorney in resolving such allegations.

(2) Persons convicted of any prohibited act involving the excavation, removal, destruction, disturbance or offering for sale or exchange of historic or prehistoric ruins, burial grounds, archaeological site, human skeletal remains, unmarked grave, grave artifact or grave marker under the provisions of subdivisions (1) and (2), subsection (c) of this section shall also be liable for civil damages to be assessed by the prosecuting attorney in consultation with the Director of the Historic Preservation Section.

Civil damages may include:

(i) Forfeiture of any and all equipment used in disturbing the protected unmarked graves or grave markers;

(ii) Any and all costs incurred in cleaning, restoring, analyzing, accessioning and curating the recovered material;

(iii) Any and all costs associated with recovery of data, and analyzing, publishing, accessioning and curating materials when the prohibited activity is so extensive as to preclude the restoration of the unmarked burials or grave markers;

(iv) Any and all costs associated with restoring the land to its original contour or the grave marker to its original condition;

(v) Any and all costs associated with reinterment of the human skeletal remains; and

(vi) Any and all costs associated with the determination and collection of the civil damages.

When civil damages are recovered, the proceeds, less the costs of the prosecuting attorney associated with the determination and collection of such damages, shall be deposited into the Endangered Historic Properties Fund and may be expended by the Commissioner of Culture and History for archaeological programs at the state level, including the payment of rewards for information leading to the arrest and conviction of persons violating the provisions of subdivisions (1) and (2), subsection (c) of this section.

(3) The Commissioner of Culture and History is authorized to offer and pay rewards of up to $1,000 from funds on deposit in the Endangered Historic Properties Fund for information leading to the arrest and conviction of persons who violate the provisions of subdivisions (1) and (2), subsection (c) of this section.

(h) Disposition of remains and artifacts not subject to reburial. --

All human skeletal remains and grave artifacts found in unmarked graves on public or private land, and not subject to reburial, under the provisions of subsection (e) of this section, are held in trust for the people of West Virginia by the state and are under the jurisdiction of the Director of Historic Preservation. All materials collected and not reburied through this section shall be maintained with dignity and respect for the people of the state under the care of the West Virginia State Museum.

WVC 29 - 1 - 8 B §29-1-8b. Protection of historic and prehistoric sites; penalties.

Historic and prehistoric landmarks, sites and districts, identified by the historic preservation section, on lands owned or leased by the state, or on private lands where investigation and development rights have been acquired by the state by lease or contract, shall not be disturbed, or destroyed except as permitted under sections eight and eight-a of this article.

Any person violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars, or imprisoned in the county jail not more than six months, or both fined and imprisoned.

WVC 29 - 1 - 9 §29-1-9. Administrative section; director.

The purposes and duties of the administrative section are to provide centralized support to the division in all areas of operations.

The commissioner shall appoint a director of the administrative section who shall have a bachelor's degree and two years' experience in responsible positions involving office management, public administration, budget and fiscal administration, or related fields; or six years' experience as outlined above. Notwithstanding these qualifications, the person serving as director of the administrative section on the date of enactment of this section shall be eligible for appointment as director of the administrative section.

With approval of the commissioner, the director of the administrative section shall establish professional positions within the section.

WVC 29 - 1 - 10 §29-1-10. Division employees classified by civil service; exceptions.
Effective the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred seventy-seven, any person employed in any of the agencies consolidated by this article who is a classified civil service employee shall, within the limits provided in article six of this chapter, remain in the civil service system as a covered employee; and all persons employed by the division of culture and history shall be employed under the classified service of the civil service system within the limits provided in article six of this chapter.

WVC 29 - 1 - 11 §29-1-11. Power to accept and receive funds; power to apply for grants; disbursal of funds; restrictions on expenditure; disposition of funds heretofore received or appropriated.
(a) The division may, in the name of the State of West Virginia, through the commissioner or its commissions, accept and receive grants, appropriations, gifts, bequests and funds from any public or private source for the purpose of carrying out the duties and purposes of this article.

(b) The division may, through the commissioner or its commissions, apply for grants from the federal government, private foundations and any other source for the purposes of this article. (c) All funds received from any source shall be paid into the Treasury of the state and disbursed upon warrant by the State Auditor following requisition by the division. The requisitions shall be signed by the commissioner or by another person as the commissioner may authorize by written document deposited with the auditor or, in the event of emergency, by the Governor or the Governor's designee.

(d) No funds or gifts received from any source shall be expended or used for any purpose other than that intended as evidenced by a positive and affirmative declaration or by a negative restriction or limitation.

(e) The division may assist in the promotion and operation of an annual state fair and other regional or local fairs and festivals entitled to aid when funds are available and to expend those funds for the support and development of fairs and festivals.

(f) All federal or state funds received to provide grants-in-aid or awards to further the purposes of this article shall be approved and distributed by the appropriate commission established by this article.

WVC 29 - 1 - 12 §29-1-12. Publication of materials; agreements.

The division of culture and history shall have the power, responsibility and duty to publish or republish material of prehistorical, historical, archaeological, architectural or cultural interest. The division of culture and history may sell such publications as well as postcards and other items of such interest at the state museum or any other site or property administered by the state or at any special event sponsored by the state. The division shall have the right to enter into agreements with responsible individuals, private historical, archaeological, architectural or cultural associations, foundations or similar organizations or any agency of the federal, state or local government for the purpose of carrying out its purposes or for raising money to fund the functions of the division.

WVC 29 - 1 - 13 §29-1-13. Land; control and disposal; rules and regulations.

All land owned or leased by the division of culture and history shall be titled in the name of the public land corporation of West Virginia but shall be controlled, administered and supervised by the division. The division, in the discretion of its commissioner, may sell or dispose of any real or personal property which, in his or her opinion, does not have sufficient prehistorical, historical, archaeological, architectural or cultural value to justify its retention.

The commissioner shall have the power to make and promulgate rules and regulations relating to the general management and administration of the division.

WVC 29 - 1 - 14 §29-1-14. Washington-Carver Camp; prohibition of disposition or removal of minerals without authorization by the Legislature.

Washington-Carver Camp in Fayette County, heretofore transferred to the public land corporation under the control, administration and supervision of the division of culture and history shall continue under the control, administration and supervision of the division.

The division of culture and history shall undertake to develop such cultural and multicultural, artistic, humanistic and educational programs at the camp as will serve and benefit the citizens of the state and the many cultures represented therein. In order to ensure the maximum reasonable utilization of that portion of the camp under its jurisdiction, the division shall, during times the camp is not being used for the division's purposes, make the camp available, under such terms as the division deems proper, to any other agency of government or nonprofit group desiring to use the camp. The camp shall retain the name "Camp Washington-Carver" as indicative of its heritage of serving the black citizens of the state. The division is authorized to provide necessary and suitable equipment and other resources for implementing the provisions of this section.

No minerals may be assigned, leased or otherwise encumbered, sold, mined, or removed with respect to the property heretofore transferred or the mineral rights retained without specific authorization by the Legislature.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2014 1st Special Session
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