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Chapter 25     Entire Code
‹ Chapter 24F  |  Chapter 25A › Printer Friendly Versions
Chapter 25  |  Article 25 - 1  |  Section 17
WVC 25- CHAPTER 25. DIVISION OF CORRECTIONS.
WVC 25 - 1 - ARTICLE 1. ORGANIZATION, INSTITUTIONS AND CORRECTIONS MANAGEMENT.

WVC 25 - 1 - 1 §25-1-1. Office of commissioner of public institutions abolished; department and commissioner of corrections established; qualifications, oath and bond.
The office of state commissioner of public institutions is hereby abolished, and, except as otherwise provided in this chapter, its powers and authority are transferred to the department of corrections which is hereby established. Whenever in this code reference is made to the state commissioner of public institutions, it shall be construed to mean the department of corrections.

The executive and administrative head of the department of corrections shall be a commissioner who shall be appointed, dismissed and paid in accordance with the provisions of section two-a, article seven, chapter six of this code.

The commissioner shall take and subscribe to the oath prescribed by the constitution for public officials and shall execute an official bond in a penalty of fifteen thousand dollars, conditioned as required by law. Premiums on such bond shall be paid from appropriations made for the commissioner's office. Such bond shall be approved as to form by the attorney general and as to sufficiency by the governor and, when fully executed and approved, shall be filed in the office of the secretary of state.

Nothing herein contained shall be construed so as to give the commissioner of corrections any authority in the administration, management or control of mental institutions, heretofore transferred to the department of mental health by an act of the Legislature, regular session, one thousand nine hundred fifty-seven.

WVC 25 - 1 - 1 A §25-1-1a. Purpose and legislative intent.
(a) The primary purpose of the division of corrections is to enhance public safety by providing for the incarceration and care of convicted offenders who have been sentenced by courts of proper jurisdiction to serve terms of incarceration. It is the intent of the Legislature:

(1) That persons committed to correctional institutions of the state for whom release is available for crimes be afforded appropriate treatment to reestablish their ability to live peaceably, consistent with the protection of the community;

(2) That persons committed to correctional institutions of the state be released at the earliest possible date, consistent with public safety;

(3) To establish a just, humane and efficient corrections program; and

(4) To avoid duplication and waste of effort and money on

the part of public and private agencies.

(b) This section shall be construed in favor of public safety.

WVC 25 - 1 - 2 §25-1-2.
Repealed.

Acts, 2010 Reg. Sess., Ch. 32. WVC 25 - 1 - 3 §25-1-3. Institutions managed by Commissioner of Corrections; certain institutions transferred to Department of Health and Human Resources; establishment of work and study release units; contracting with certain entities for reentry and direct placement services; reports to Governor.

          (a) The Commissioner of Corrections shall manage, direct, control and govern the following penal or correctional institutions and any others placed under his or her jurisdiction or control:

          Mount Olive Correctional Complex;

          Huttonsville Correctional Center;

          Anthony Correctional Center;

          Denmar Correctional Center;

          Pruntytown Correctional Center;

          Northern West Virginia Correctional Center;

          St. Marys Correctional Center;

          Lakin Correctional Center;

          Ohio County Correctional Center;

          Beckley Correctional Center;

          Martinsburg Correctional Center;

          Salem Correctional Center; and

          Parkersburg Correctional Center.

          (b) The Commissioner of Corrections may contract with the County Commission of McDowell County to house and incarcerate inmates at the Stevens Correctional Center consistent with all requirements and standards governing the Division of Corrections.

          (c) Jurisdiction of and title to the West Virginia Children's Home at Elkins are hereby transferred to the Department of Health and Human Resources, which is the custodian of all deeds and other muniments of title to the property and shall record those that are susceptible of recordation to be recorded in the proper offices. Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, the West Virginia Children's Home shall be managed and controlled by a superintendent appointed by the Commissioner of the Division of Human Services.

          (d) The Commissioner of Corrections may establish work and study release units as extensions and subsidiaries of those state institutions under his or her control and authority. The work and study release units may be coeducational and shall be managed, directed and controlled as provided in this article.

          (e) (1) The commissioner may contract with nonprofit or charitable entities including, but not limited to, nonprofit community mental health clinics, operating half-way houses or transitional housing facilities for the placement of persons in the commissioner's custody, whether confined or under parole supervision, as long as such facilities meet standards and criteria established by the commissioner.

          (2) (A) The Commissioner of Corrections may direct that a person who is placed in a half-way house or transitional housing facility under this section make reimbursement to the state in the amount of a reasonable sum calculated to offset all or part of the costs of the placement.

          (B) Prior to ordering the person to make the reimbursement, the commissioner, or his or her designee, shall consider the following:

          (i) The person's ability to pay;

          (ii) The nature and extent of the person's responsibilities to his or her dependents, if any;

          (iii) The length of probable incarceration under the court's sentence; and

          (iv) The effect, if any, that reimbursement might have on the person's rehabilitation.

          (f) The Division of Corrections shall provide the number of persons placed in a half-way house or a transitional housing facility pursuant to subsection (e) of this section in its report made pursuant to section twenty, article one, chapter five of this code, and shall describe its plans to use the authority provided under the provisions of subsection (e) of this section in furtherance of the duties and responsibilities imposed by this article.

          (g) Any person employed by the Office of Public Institutions is a classified civil service employee within the limits contained in section two, article six, chapter twenty-nine of this code. WVC 25 - 1 - 3 A §25-1-3a. Trustee accounts and funds, earnings and personal property of inmates.
(a) The Commissioner of Corrections is authorized to establish at each institution under his or her jurisdiction a "Trustee Fund". The warden or administrator of each institution shall receive and take charge of the money and personal property, as defined by policy, of all inmates in his or her institution and all money or personal property, as defined by policy, sent to the inmates or earned by the inmates as compensation for work performed while they are domiciled there. The warden or administrator shall credit the money and earnings to the inmate entitled to it and shall keep an accurate account of all the money and personal property so received, which account is subject to examination by the Commissioner of Corrections. The warden or administrator shall deposit the moneys in one or more responsible banks in accounts to be designated a "Trustee Fund".

(b) For all inmates, except those serving life without mercy and those the warden determines are likely to serve the remainder of their natural lives in the custody of the Division of Corrections due to their age and the length of their sentences, the warden or administrator shall keep in an account at least ten percent of all money earned during the inmate's incarceration and pay the money to the inmate at the time of the inmate's release. The warden may authorize the inmate to withdraw money from his or her mandatory savings for the purpose of preparing the inmate for reentry into society.

(c) The Commissioner of Corrections may direct that offenders who work in community work programs, including work release inmates who have obtained employment, make reimbursement to the state toward the cost of his or her incarceration.

(d)(1) Prior to ordering an incarcerated offender to make reimbursement toward the costs of his or her incarceration, the commissioner, or his or her designee, shall consider the following:

(A) The offender's ability to pay;

(B) The nature and extent of the offender's responsibilities to his or her dependents, if any;

(C) The length of probable incarceration under the court's sentence; and

(D) The effect, if any, that reimbursement might have on the offender's rehabilitation.

(2) No order of reimbursement entered pursuant to this section may exceed $500 per month unless the offender gives his or her express consent.

(3) The Commissioner of Corrections shall, prior to the beginning of each fiscal year, prepare a report that details the average cost per inmate incurred by the division for the care and supervision of those individuals in his or her custody.

(e) The chief executive officer of any correctional institution, on request of an inmate, may expend up to one half of the money earned by the inmate on behalf of the family of the inmate if the ten percent mandatory savings has first been set aside and other fees owed by the inmate have been paid. The remainder of the money earned, after deducting amounts expended as authorized, shall be accumulated to the credit of the inmate and be paid to the inmate at times as may be prescribed by rules. The funds so accumulated on behalf of inmates shall be held by the chief executive officer of each institution under a bond approved by the Attorney General.

(f) The warden or administrator shall deliver to the inmate at the time he or she leaves the institution, or as soon as practicable after departure, all personal property, moneys and earnings then credited to the inmate, or in case of the death of the inmate before authorized release from the institution, the warden or administrator shall deliver the property to the inmate's personal representative. In case a conservator is appointed for the inmate while he or she is domiciled at the institution, the warden or administrator shall deliver to the conservator, upon proper demand, all moneys and personal property belonging to the inmate that are in the custody of the warden or administrator.

(g) If any money is credited to a former inmate after remittance of the sum of money as provided in subsection (f), the Commissioner shall notify the former inmate within thirty days of receipt of the money. The former inmate will be afforded the opportunity to collect the money if he or she pays the cost of the transaction. If the former inmate does not claim the money within thirty days of receiving the notice and the sum of money is less than $10, the Commissioner may place the money into the inmate benefit fund.

WVC 25 - 1 - 3 B §25-1-3b. Inmate benefit funds.
(a) The Commissioner of Corrections shall establish an inmate benefit fund for each of the institutions under his or her jurisdiction. The inmate benefit fund is a fund held by the institutions for the benefit and welfare of inmates incarcerated in state correctional facilities and for the benefit of victims.

(b) There is continued a special revenue account in the State Treasury for each inmate benefit fund established by the commissioner. Moneys received by an institution for deposit in an inmate benefit fund shall be deposited with the State Treasurer to be credited to the special revenue account created for the institution's inmate benefit fund. Moneys in a special revenue account established for an inmate benefit fund may be expended by the institution for the purposes set forth in this section. Moneys to be deposited into an inmate benefit fund consist of:

(1) All profit from the exchange or commissary operation and if the commissary is operated by a vendor, whether a public or private entity, the profit is the negotiated commission paid to the Division of Corrections by the vendor;

(2) All net proceeds from vending machines used for inmate visitation;

(3) All proceeds from contracted inmate telephone commissions;

(4) Any funds that may be assigned by inmates or donated to the institution by the general public or an inmate service organization on behalf of all inmates;

(5) Any funds confiscated considered contraband; and

(6) Any unexpended balances in individual inmate trustee funds if designated by the inmate upon his or her discharge from the institution.

(c) The inmate benefit fund may only be used for the following purposes at correctional facilities:

(1) Open-house visitation functions or other nonroutine inmate functions;

(2) Holiday functions which may include decorations and gifts for children of inmates;

(3) Cable television service;

(4) Rental of video cassettes;

(5) Payment of video license;

(6) Recreational supplies, equipment or area surfacing;

(7) Reimbursement of employee wages for overtime incurred during open-house visitations and holiday functions;

(8) Postsecondary education classes;

(9) Reimbursement of a pro rata share of inmate work compensation;

(10) Household equipment and supplies in day rooms or units as approved by chief executive officers of institutions, excluding supplies used in the daily maintenance and sanitation of the unit;

(11) Christmas or other holidays gift certificates for each inmate to be used at the exchange or commissary;

(12) Any expense associated with the operation of the fund;

(13) Expenditures necessary to properly operate an automated inmate family and victim information notification system;

(14) Any expense for improvement of the facility which will benefit the inmate population that is not otherwise funded;

(15) Any expense related to the installation, operation and maintenance of the inmate telephone system; and

(16) For restitution of any negative balance on any inmate's trustee account for inmate medical copay, legal and ancillary related postage, and photocopy fees that are due the State of West Virginia, if the balance is uncollectible from an inmate after one calendar year from an inmate's release on parole or discharge date.

(d) The institution shall compile a monthly report that specifically documents inmate benefit fund receipts and expenditures and a yearly report for the previous fiscal year by September 1 of each year and submit the reports to the commissioner.

WVC 25 - 1 - 3 C §25-1-3c. Financial responsibility program for inmates.
(a) The Legislature finds that:

(1) There is an urgent need for vigorous enforcement of child support, restitution and other court ordered obligations;

(2) The duty of inmates to provide for the needs of dependent children, including their necessary food, clothing, shelter, education and health care should not be avoided because of where the inmate resides;

(3) A person owing a duty of child support who chooses to engage in behaviors that result in the person becoming incarcerated should not be able to avoid child support obligations; and

(4) Each sentenced inmate should be encouraged to meet his or her legitimate court-ordered financial obligations.

(b) As part of the initial classification process into a correctional facility, the Division of Corrections shall assist the inmate in developing a financial plan for meeting the inmate's child support obligations, if any exist. At subsequent program reviews, the Division shall consider the inmate's efforts to fulfill those obligations as indicative of that individual's acceptance and demonstrated level of responsibility.

(c)(1) The warden shall deduct from the earnings of each inmate, legitimate court-ordered financial obligations. The warden shall also deduct child support payments from the earnings of each inmate who has a court-ordered financial obligation. The Commissioner of the Division of Corrections shall develop a policy that outlines the formula for the distribution of the offender's income and the formula shall include a percentage deduction, not to exceed forty percent in the aggregate, for any court ordered victim restitution, court fees and child support obligations owed under a support order, including an administrative fee not to exceed one dollar, consistent with the provisions of subsection (c), section four hundred six, article fourteen, chapter forty-eight of this code, to support the Division of Correction's administration of this financial service.

(2) In the event that the inmate worker's income is subject to garnishment for child support enforcement deductions, it shall be calculated on the net wages after taxes, legal financial obligations and garnishment.

(3) The Division of Corrections shall develop the necessary administrative structure to record inmates' wages and keep records of the amount inmates pay for child support.

(4) Nothing in this section limits the authority of the Bureau for Child Support Enforcement of the Department of Health and Human Resources from taking collection action against an inmate's moneys, assets or property.

WVC 25 - 1 - 4 §25-1-4. Limitation on reimbursement rate to medical service providers for services outside division facilities.
(a) Effective the first day of July, two thousand seven, the division, or its contracted medical provider, may not pay an amount to an outside provider of a medical service for a person residing in a correctional facility greater than seventy-three percent of the billed charges: Provided, That critical access hospitals shall be reimbursed at eighty-five percent of the billed charges. This limitation applies to all medical care services, goods, prescription drugs and medications provided to a person who is in the custody of a correctional facility and is provided these services outside of said correctional facility.

(b) Effective the first day of July, two thousand eight, the division, or its contracted medical providers, may not pay an amount to an outside provider of a medical service for a person residing in a correctional facility greater than the reimbursement rate applicable to service providers established by legislative rule of the Bureau for Medical Service within the Department of Health and Human Resources: Provided, That critical access hospitals shall be reimbursed at seventy-five percent of the billed charges. These limitations apply to all medical care services, goods, prescription drugs and medications provided to a person who is in the custody of a correctional facility and is provided these services outside of a correctional facility: Provided, however, That the Department of Military Affairs and Public Safety and the Department of Health and Human Resources effectuate an interagency agreement for the electronic processing and payment of medical services.

WVC 25 - 1 - 5 §25-1-5. Rules and regulations.
The commissioner of corrections is authorized to make rules for the proper execution of his or her duties and powers; adopt rules for the government of the institutions named or referred to in section three of this article; adopt rules for the administration of the financial and business affairs of the institutions named or referred to in section four of this article; and establish policies regarding the treatment of mentally ill inmates, which reflect the safety and security concerns specific to correctional facilities. Notwithstanding any provisions of law to the contrary, the division of corrections is not subject to the rules promulgated by the board of health for the treatment of mentally ill patients nor the mandates developed pursuant to E. H. v. Matin.

Consistent with the provisions of this article, the commissioner shall prescribe the duties of the persons connected with the management of institutions. When any of the guards, attendants, or other employees are uniformed, the commissioner shall prescribe the design, or designs, of the uniforms, which shall be dissimilar to the design of the uniform worn by the members of the state police. When the institution is located in, or in close proximity to, a municipality, no guard, attendant or other employee may wear the cap or caps designed by the commissioner as part of the uniform, when not actually on duty connected with his or her employment, nor shall the municipality adopt for its police officers or other employees a uniform which is similar in design to the uniform adopted by the commissioner.

Any person violating the provisions of this article is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine of not more than ten dollars, or by imprisonment for ten days, or both.

WVC 25-1-6 §25-1-6. Title to property of state institutions; custody of deeds and other muniments of title; authority of

commissioner.
The title to all property constituting or belonging to the several institutions named in section three of this article is vested in the state. The commissioner of corrections is custodian of all deeds and other muniments of title and shall cause such as are susceptible of recordation to be recorded in the proper offices. The commissioner is authorized, as lessor, to lease the West Virginia penitentiary in Moundsville, title to which is vested in the state by prior enactment of this article, for a term of not more than twenty-five years.

WVC 25 - 1 - 7 §25-1-7. Pruntytown Correctional Center established as a minimum security facility; limitations on type of residents therein.

The commissioner of corrections is hereby authorized to house adult male criminal offenders and adult female criminal offenders as the commissioner deems necessary for the operation of a just, humane and efficient system of corrections at the facility located at Pruntytown, West Virginia, heretofore known as the West Virginia Industrial School for Boys. Henceforth, this facility shall be known as the Pruntytown Correctional Center and shall be operated according to rules and regulations promulgated by the commissioner pursuant to the provisions of section four, article thirteen, chapter sixty-two.

WVC 25-1-8 §25-1-8. Charges assessed against inmates for services provided by state.
(a) The commissioner is authorized to assess inmates serving a sentence in any state penal or correctional facility reasonable charges for health care and treatment services provided to them by the state. The charges assessed against an inmate may be deducted directly from the inmate's trustee account without the inmate's consent. The inmate shall be notified of the amount deducted and the charges to which it has been applied.

(b) As used in this section, a "reasonable charge" may not exceed the sum of five dollars for any billable service. Inmates shall be notified of the fee schedule, billable services, and exempt services. Services initiated by the inmate shall be assessed a fee, except that no charge may be assessed for: (1) A specific health care service required under the law of this state, including, by way of illustration, tuberculin testing; (2) an emergency service following a traumatic injury other than a self-induced injury, or necessary to prevent death or severe or permanent disability; (3) diagnosis and treatment of communicable diseases, including, by way of illustration, tuberculosis or hepatitis; (4) treatment of diagnosed severe mental illness; (5) treatment of specific chronic conditions identified by the commissioner, including heart disease and diabetes; (6) staff-initiated care, including follow-up and referral visits; (7) preventive services that the commissioner determines are to be provided or made available to all inmates, including services related to disease prevention and promotion of proper health habits; or (8) such other services as may be exempted by rule of the commissioner. No inmate may be denied any necessary billable medical service because of inability to pay the charge.

(c) Each inmate shall be afforded an opportunity at least quarterly to review all deposits into, withdrawals from and balance remaining in the inmate's trustee account during the preceding three months.

(d) The commissioner shall promulgate interpretive rules implementing this section pursuant to article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code prior to making any assessment under this section. The rules may establish the fee schedule and list of billable services and further define services to be exempted.

WVC 25 - 1 - 9 §25-1-9.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 10 §25-1-10. Insurance of state buildings and property.

The state commissioner of public institutions shall have charge and control of the insurance of all buildings and property of the state, and shall keep the same property insured against loss by fire, by explosion of steam boilers, and the like; but the insurance of the property of the state at the seat of government shall first be authorized by the board of public works. The commissioner of public institutions shall keep a record of all such insurance, which shall show the name of each insurance company, the number, date and amount of insurance of each policy written by it, the rate of premium, the building or other property on which insurance is placed, the amount of insurance upon each building, the period for which written, the date of its expiration, and such other matters as the commissioner may deem pertinent.

WVC 25 - 1 - 10 A §25-1-10a.

Repealed.

Acts, 1961 Reg. Sess., Ch. 138.

WVC 25-1-11 §25-1-11. Officers and employees of corrections institutions.
The commissioner of corrections shall appoint a warden for each institution under the control of the division of corrections. The commissioner of corrections, or his or her designee, has the authority to manage and administer the finances, business, operations, security and personnel affairs of correctional units under the jurisdiction of the division of corrections. All persons employed at a state-operated correctional institution or correctional unit are subject to the supervision and approval of the chief executive officer and the authority of the commissioner of corrections, or his or her designee, except those persons employed by the state board of education, pursuant to section thirteen-f, article two, chapter eighteen of this code.

The warden or administrator of each institution or correctional unit has the power to hire all assistants and employees required for the management of the institution in his or her charge; but the number of the assistants and employees, and their compensation, shall first be approved by the state commissioner of corrections. All prospective correctional employees shall pass a preemployment drug screening prior to being hired. It is the duty of the commissioner of corrections to investigate any complaint made against the warden or administrator of any institution, and also against any other officer or employee thereof, if the same has not been investigated.

WVC 25 - 1 - 11 A §25-1-11a. Duties of wardens and administrators; bond; residence.
The warden or administrator is the chief executive officer of his or her assigned correctional institution and, subject to the direction of the commissioner, has the responsibility for the overall management of all operations within his or her assigned institution. He or she is in charge of its internal police and management and shall provide for feeding, clothing, working and taking care of the inmates, subject to the control of the Commissioner of Corrections: Provided, That the Commissioner of Corrections may authorize the warden or administrator to establish an imprest fund in accordance with the provisions of section two, article two, chapter twelve of this code for the sole purpose of providing employees with funds to transport inmates for any purpose as determined by the warden or administrator. The employee is required to complete a travel reimbursement form for the travel within five days of returning to the correctional facility. The funds shall be used to reimburse the imprest fund for the amount expended by the employee. The warden or administrator shall promptly enforce all orders and rules made by the commissioner. He or she shall protect and preserve the property of the state and may for that purpose punish the inmates in the manner authorized by the Commissioner of Corrections. The warden or administrator shall have the custody and control of all the real and personal property at the correctional institution, subject to the orders of the Commissioner of Corrections. The warden or administrator shall be bonded by the Board of Risk and Insurance Management.

WVC 25-1-11B §25-1-11b. Appointment of deputy warden; duties; bond.
The warden of a correctional institution, with the approval of the commissioner, shall hire a deputy warden. The deputy warden's duties shall be fixed by the warden, as approved by the commissioner. In the absence of the warden the deputy warden shall perform all the duties required of the warden. The deputy warden shall be bonded by the board of risk and insurance management.

WVC 25 - 1 - 11 C §25-1-11c. Hiring of other assistants and employees; duties of correctional employees; right to carry weapons; powers of correctional peace officers.
(a) The warden or administrator of the correctional institutions or units shall, in the manner provided in section eleven of this article, hire all assistants and employees required for the management of the correctional institutions or units, including a sufficient number of correctional employees to preserve order and enforce discipline among the inmates, to prevent escapes and to remove all persons convicted and sentenced to the custody of the Division of Corrections, from the place confined to a correctional institution, all of whom shall be under the control of the warden. The commissioner may issue a certificate authorizing any correctional employee who has successfully completed the division's training program for firearms certification, which shall be the equivalent of that required of deputy sheriffs, to carry firearms and concealed weapons while on duty. Any correctional employee authorized by the commissioner has the right, without a state license, to carry firearms and concealed weapons while on duty. Each correctional employee, authorized by the commissioner, shall carry with him or her a certificate authorizing him or her to carry a firearm or concealed weapon when performing his or her official duties as a correctional employee, bearing the official signature of the commissioner and warden or administrator. The right is extended to a correctional employee during the time the employee travels from place to place within the state for the purpose of removing prisoners from jails to a correctional institution of the Division of Corrections, during the time the employee is pursuing and apprehending escaped inmates and during any other time the employee is performing official duties as a correctional employee. No correctional employee has the right to carry a firearm or concealed weapon for any other purpose or during any other time, including when traveling to and from the employee's residence and a correctional institution, unless the employee has obtained a state license in the manner prescribed in article seven, chapter sixty-one of this code.

(b) All employees of the Division of Corrections are responsible for enforcing rules and laws necessary for the control and management of correctional units and the maintenance of public safety that is within the scope of responsibilities of the Division of Corrections.

(c) The Commissioner of Corrections may designate correctional employees as correctional peace officers who have the authority:

(1) To detain persons for violations of state law committed on the property of any state correctional institution;

(2) To conduct investigations regarding criminal activity occurring within a correctional facility; and

(3) To execute criminal process or other process in furtherance of these duties.

WVC 25 - 1 - 11 D §25-1-11d. Compensation of employees approved by commissioner; traveling and other expenses; payment of salaries.
The commissioner of corrections shall approve the salaries of all employees of the division of corrections. Salaries shall be commensurate with their duties and responsibilities, but no meals or other emoluments of any kind shall be furnished, given or paid to the employee as all or part of their salary. The employees may be provided meals, household facilities and supplies as may be necessary for them to perform their duties, if the employees agree to pay the reasonable cost as established by the commissioner of corrections. In the event of an emergency, such as a riot or other disturbance, the commissioner may authorize meals be provided to employees at no cost. Additionally, the commissioner may establish a procedure to reimburse employees reasonable costs in the event the employee's personal property is stolen or damaged by an inmate. All persons employed under this article are entitled to be reimbursed for necessary traveling and other expenses. The salaries, expenses and appropriations provided for the employees under the commissioner's jurisdiction shall be paid in the same manner as are those of other state employees and agencies and on a payment schedule set forth by the state auditor.

WVC 25 - 1 - 11 E §25-1-11e. Unauthorized use of uniform, badge, identification card or other insignia; impersonation of member; and penalty.
(a) No person who is not an officer or employee of the division of corrections, and no officer or employee of the division who is not authorized to do so, may, with intent to deceive, wear, use, order to be used or worn, copy or imitate in any respect or manner the uniform, badge, identification card or other insignia prescribed for employees of the division.

(b) No person who is not an officer or employee of the division of corrections may falsely represent himself or herself to be an officer or employee of the division of corrections or to be under the order or direction of any officer or employee of the division.

(c) Any person who violates the provisions of subsection (a) or (b) of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than two hundred dollars, or confined in the county or regional jail for not more than six months, or both fined and confined.

WVC 25 - 1 - 12 §25-1-12.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 13 §25-1-13. Furlough programs.

The commissioner is hereby authorized to establish a furlough program for inmates under his control and custody. Such program may provide that selected inmates be permitted to reside outside an institution operated by the department of corrections under legislative rules promulgated by the commissioner pursuant to chapter twenty-nine-a of this code.

WVC 25 - 1 - 14 §25-1-14. Electronic monitoring of offenders; special account.
The commissioner may use electronic monitoring equipment to aid in the supervision of offenders. The commissioner shall charge offenders subject to supervision by means of electronic monitoring equipment a reasonable fee, to be established under a legislative rule promulgated by the commissioner pursuant to article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, to help defray the costs of the purchase and use of the equipment and the division of correction's operational costs: Provided, That an offender's inability to pay a fee does not preclude the offender from being eligible for this program.

All fees collected shall be deposited in a special account in the state treasury designated the "electronic monitoring program account." The funds deposited in the account may be used by the commissioner only for the operation of the program and for the administration of the division of corrections.

"Electronic monitoring equipment" means an electronic device or apparatus approved by the division of corrections which is capable of recording or transmitting information regarding the offender's presence or nonpresence in a designated area. The device shall be minimally intrusive. Except to the extent provided in this section, the division of corrections shall not approve any monitoring device which is capable of recording or transmitting (i) visual images, except for that of a still image of the offender that can only be transmitted by the offender triggering the monitoring system, or (ii) information as to the offender's activities while he or she is within the designated area. A monitoring device may transmit information regarding blood alcohol levels. The monitoring device shall not be used to eavesdrop or record any conversation: Provided, That conversations between the offender and the person supervising the offender may be recorded solely for purpose of voice identification.

WVC 25 - 1 - 15 §25-1-15. Diagnostic and classification divisions.

     (a) The Commissioner of Corrections may establish diagnostic and classification divisions.

     (b) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, all persons committed to the custody of the Commissioner of the Division of Corrections for presentence diagnosis and classification and all persons sentenced to the custody of the Division of Corrections shall, upon transfer to the Division of Corrections, undergo diagnosis and classification, which shall include: (1) Assessments of a person's criminogenic risk and need factors that are reliable, validated and normed for a specific population and responsive to cultural and gender-specific needs as well as individual learning styles and temperament; (2) application of a mental health preliminary screen; and (3) if the mental health preliminary screen suggests the need for further assessment, a full psychological evaluation. The Division of Corrections shall perform mental health preliminary screens, appraisals and evaluations according to standards provided by the American Correctional Association. WVC 25 - 1 - 16 §25-1-16. Transfer of inmates of state institutions or facilities.
The State Commissioner of Corrections shall have authority to cause the transfer of any inmate from any correctional facility to any other state or federal institution or facility which is better equipped for the care or treatment of such inmate, or for other good cause or reason.

Whenever an inmate committed to the custody of corrections becomes mentally ill and his or her needs cannot be properly met within the correctional facility, the commissioner shall proceed in accordance with section thirty-one, article five, chapter twenty-eight of this code.

Whenever an inmate committed to the custody of corrections needs medical attention, other than mental health care, not available at said prison, the warden or administrator of said correctional facility shall immediately notify the Commissioner of Corrections who, after proper investigation, shall cause the transfer of said inmate to a facility properly equipped to render the medical attention necessary. Such inmate, while receiving treatment in said hospital, shall be under an appropriate level of supervision at all times and shall forthwith be returned to his or her correctional facility upon release from said facility

In providing or arranging for the necessary medical and other care and treatment of a pregnant inmate, the warden or administrator of the correctional facility shall take reasonable measures to assure that pregnant inmates will not be restrained after reaching the second trimester of pregnancy until the end of the pregnancy: Provided, That if the inmate, based upon her classification, discipline history, or other factors deemed relevant by the warden or administrator poses a threat of escape, or to the safety of herself, the public, staff or the fetus, the inmate may be restrained in a manner reasonably necessary: Provided, however, That prior to directing the application of restraints and where there is no threat to the safety of the inmate, the public, staff or the fetus, the warden, administrator or designee shall consult with an appropriate health care professional to assure that the manner of restraint will not pose an unreasonable risk of harm to the inmate or the fetus.

WVC 25 - 1 - 16 A §25-1-16a. Governor's authority to authorize commissioner of corrections to consent to transfer of inmates under a federal treaty.

If a treaty in effect between the United States and a foreign country provides for the transfer or exchange of convicted offenders to the country of which they are citizens or nationals, the governor may, on behalf of the state and subject to the terms of the treaty and with the consent of the offender, authorize the commissioner of corrections to consent to the transfer or exchange of inmates in his or her custody and take any other action necessary to initiate the participation of this state in the treaty. No transfer may occur pursuant to the provisions of this section until the inmate is informed of his or her rights and the procedures involved in his or her native language unless it is determined that the inmate's knowledge of English is sufficient.

WVC 25 - 1 - 17 §25-1-17. Monitoring of inmate telephone calls; procedures and restrictions; calls to or from attorneys excepted.
(a) The Commissioner of Corrections or his or her designee is authorized to monitor, intercept, record and disclose telephone calls to or from adult inmates of state correctional institutions in accordance with the following provisions:

(1) All adult inmates of state correctional institutions shall be notified in writing that their telephone conversations may be monitored, intercepted, recorded and disclosed;

(2) Only the commissioner, warden, administrator or their designee shall have access to recordings of inmates' telephone calls unless disclosed pursuant to subdivision (4) of this subsection;

(3) Notice shall be prominently placed on or immediately near every telephone that may be monitored;

(4) The contents of inmates' telephone calls may be disclosed to an appropriate law-enforcement agency pursuant to an order of a court or administrative tribunal when disclosure is necessary for the investigation, prevention or prosecution of a crime or to safeguard the orderly operation of the correctional institution. Disclosure may be made in civil or administrative proceedings pursuant to an order of a court or an administrative tribunal when the disclosure is:

(A) Necessary to safeguard and protect the orderly operation of the correctional institution; or

(B) Necessary to protect persons from physical harm or the threat of physical harm;

(5) All recordings of telephone calls shall be retained for at least three years and maintained and destroyed in accordance with the record retention policy of the Division of Corrections adopted pursuant to section one, article eight, chapter five-a of this code, et seq.; or

(6) To safeguard the sanctity of the attorney-client privilege, a telephone line that is not monitored shall be made available for telephone calls to or from an attorney. These calls shall not be monitored, intercepted, recorded or disclosed in any matter.

(b) The commissioner shall propose legislative rules in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to effectuate the provisions of this section.

(c) The provisions of this section shall apply only to those persons serving a sentence of incarceration in the custody of the Commissioner of Corrections.

WVC 25 - 1 - 18 §25-1-18. Monitoring inmate mail; procedures and restrictions; identifying mail from a state correctional institution; mail to or from attorneys excepted.
(a) The Commissioner of Corrections or his or her designee is authorized to monitor, open, review, copy and disclose mail sent to adult inmates of state correctional institutions in accordance with the following provisions:

(1) All adult inmates of state correctional institutions shall be notified in writing that their mail may be monitored, opened, reviewed, copied and disclosed;

(2) Only the commissioner and his or her designee shall have access to copies of inmates' mail unless disclosed pursuant to subdivision (4) of this subsection;

(3) Notice that the mail may be monitored shall be prominently placed on or immediately near every mail receptacle or other designated area for the collection or delivery of mail;

(4) The contents of inmates' mail may be disclosed to an appropriate law-enforcement agency pursuant to an order of a court or administrative tribunal when disclosure is necessary for the investigation, prevention or prosecution of a crime or to safeguard the orderly operation of the correctional institution. Disclosure may be made in civil or administrative proceedings pursuant to an order of a court or administrative tribunal when the disclosure is:

(A) Necessary to safeguard and protect the orderly operation of the correctional institution; or

(B) Necessary to protect persons from physical harm or the threat of physical harm;

(5) All copies of mail shall be retained for at least three years and maintained and destroyed in accordance with the records retention policy of the Division of Corrections adopted pursuant to section one, article eight, chapter five-a of this code, et seq.; or

(6) The inmate whose mail has been copied and disclosed under this section shall be given a copy of all such mail when it is determined by the commissioner, warden or administrator not to jeopardize the safe and secure operation of the facility or to be detrimental to an ongoing investigation or administrative action.

(b) To safeguard the sanctity of the attorney-client privilege, mail to or from an inmate's attorney shall not be monitored, reviewed, copied or disclosed in any manner unless required by an order of a court of competent jurisdiction. However, such mail may be checked for weapons, drugs and other contraband provided it is done in the presence of the inmate and there is a reasonable basis to believe that any weapon, drug or other contraband exists in the mail.

(c) All inmates' outgoing mail must be clearly identified as being sent from an inmate at a state correctional institution and must include on the face of the envelope the name and full address of the institution.

(d) The Commissioner of Corrections or his or her designee is authorized to open, monitor, review, copy and disclose an inmate's outgoing mail in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section.

(e) The commissioner shall propose legislative rules in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to effectuate the provisions of this section.

(f) The provisions of this section shall apply only to those persons serving a sentence of incarceration in the custody of the Commissioner of Corrections.

WVC 25 - 1 - 19 §25-1-19. Reports by commissioner of public institutions and chief officers of institutions to auditor.
The state commissioner of public institutions shall, from time to time, as may be necessary, make a report to the auditor, which shall state the name of each person employed at any of the institutions named in section three of this article, his official designation and rate of compensation per month (or by the day or week, if employed for less than a month), and out of what funds or appropriation the same is payable. The chief officer of any such institution, or other person who may have been appointed for the purpose by the state commissioner of public institutions, shall make out and certify to the auditor at the end of each month a list of persons to whom any payments may be due, stating for what purpose due, the amount due each person, and the fund or appropriation from which payable; one copy whereof shall be filed in the office of the institution where made, and one in the office of the state commissioner of public institutions. If the auditor finds such list correct and in accordance with the reports made to him by the state commissioner of public institutions, he may pay to the persons entitled thereto the amounts so certified as due each.

WVC 25 - 1 - 20 §25-1-20. Reports to governor.
On the first day of October, nineteen hundred and thirty-one, or as soon thereafter as practicable, and biennially thereafter, the state board of control shall file with the governor a full report of all matters herein prescribed, showing the condition of all the institutions under its control, the cost of conducting the same during the period covered by the report, naming the buildings contracted to be erected, at what points, for what purposes, the contract price and the condition of construction. It shall also incorporate in its report suggestions respecting legislation for the benefit of the several institutions under its care, and shall make estimates of appropriations, which in its opinion are necessary for the maintenance and other expenses of the institutions and for buildings, betterments and other improvements. The report shall contain such portions of the reports made by the chief officers of the several institutions to the board as it may deem proper, and shall show the dates of visitations made by the board or by any member thereof to the several institutions. There shall also be published in the report full and complete lists of the officers and employees of the board and of the institutions named in sections three and four of this article, showing the annual salary paid and perquisites allowed each officer or employee. The report shall also include a statement of the work of the board during the period covered by the report, an itemized statement of all moneys received or disbursed by the board, and such other matters as it may deem pertinent. The governor may direct the board to make any special investigation into and report upon any matter connected with any state institution.

WVC 25 - 1 - 21 §25-1-21. Employment of displaced correctional employees at other facilities.

(a) Notwithstanding any provisions of this code to the contrary, any person not a temporary or probationary employee employed at the West Virginia penitentiary at Moundsville at the time of its closing shall be afforded the opportunity to transfer duty stations to the West Virginia penitentiary at Mount Olive, the West Virginia medium security prison at Huttonsville or the northern regional jail and correctional complex at Moundsville if he or she is an employee in good standing at the time the facility is closed. Any person so transferred shall retain his or her rank or classified service classification, salary and benefits. The commissioner shall promulgate rules pursuant to chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, to effectuate notice and procedures for said transfers: Provided, That the commissioner shall have the authority to, upon consideration of an employee's age and length of service, direct an employee's transfer to one of the three facilities based on staff requirements.

(b) The commissioner shall, within thirty days of the closing of the West Virginia penitentiary at Moundsville, establish and maintain, for a period of two years, a list of all correctional officers who are eligible for transfer pursuant to subsection (a) of this section and who wish to remain eligible for a two-year period for transfer to the Mount Olive correctional complex, or the Huttonsville correctional center or the northern jail and correctional complex at Moundsville. The commissioner shall give priority to any person on the list for employment in an available position equivalent to the position that person held at the penitentiary unless the commissioner determines that that person is physically or mentally unfit for the employment: Provided, That the commissioner has the authority to transfer a correctional officer to any of the three facilities based upon his or her determination of staff requirements.

WVC 25 - 1 - 22 §25-1-22. Task Force to Study the Feasibility of Establishing a Correctional Facility for the Incarceration and Treatment of Sex Offenders; members; duties.
(a) There is hereby created a Task Force to Study the Feasibility of Establishing a Correctional Facility for the Incarceration and Treatment of Sex Offenders.

(b) The task force consists of the following members:

(1) The Secretary of the Department of Military Affairs and Public Safety, or his or her designee;

(2) The Commissioner of the Division of Corrections, or his or her designee;

(3) The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources, or his or her designee;

(4) The Commissioner of the Bureau for Behavioral Health and Health Facilities, or his or her designee; and

(5) The Director of the Division of Criminal Justice Services, or his or her designee.

(c) The task force shall designate the chair of the task force.

(d) The Legislature directs the task force to:

(1) Study whether sex offenders can be treated and rehabilitated;

(2) Study the feasibility and cost effectiveness of operating a separate correctional facility for the incarceration and treatment of sex offenders;

(3) Study the findings and recommendations from relevant national advisory committees, federal agencies, and peer-reviewed medical, correctional, and legal literature; and

(4) Identify and recommend alternatives to establishing a separate facility, if a separate facility is not feasible and cost effective.

(e) The task force may conduct inquiries and hold hearings in furtherance of its objectives and in order to provide utilities subject to its jurisdiction and other interested persons the opportunity to comment.

(f) All actual and necessary travel expenses of the members of the task force shall be reimbursed by the member's employing agency. All other expenses incurred by the task force shall be paid by the Division of Corrections.

(g) The task force shall make its final report to the Governor and the Legislature regarding its findings and recommendations not later than the first day of July, two thousand seven.

WVC 25 - 1 - 23 §25-1-23.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 24 §25-1-24.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 25 §25-1-25.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 26 §25-1-26.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 27 §25-1-27.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 28 §25-1-28.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 29 §25-1-29.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 30 §25-1-30.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 31 §25-1-31.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 32 §25-1-32.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 33 §25-1-33.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

WVC 25 - 1 - 34 §25-1-34.

Repealed.

Acts, 1969 Reg. Sess., Ch. 139.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2014 1st Special Session
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