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Chapter 19     Entire Code
‹ Chapter 18C  |  Chapter 20 › Printer Friendly Versions
Chapter 19  |  Article 19 - 19  |  Section 5

1 - DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

1A - DIVISION OF FORESTRY

1B - SEDIMENT CONTROL DURING COMMER

1C - CARE OF LIVESTOCK

2 - MARKETING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

2A - PUBLIC MARKETS

2B - INSPECTION OF MEAT AND POULTRY

2C - AUCTIONEERS

2D - IMITATION HONEY PRODUCT LAW

2E - HUMANE SLAUGHTER OF LIVESTOCK

2F - BEEF INDUSTRY SELF-IMPROVEMENT

2G - TREE FRUIT INDUSTRY SELF-IMPRO

3 - SALE OF FARM PRODUCTS BY COMMIS

4 - COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATIONS

5 - GRADING AND PACKING OF FRUITS A

5A - CONTROLLED ATMOSPHERE STORAGE

6 - DEMONSTRATION PACKINGHOUSES AND

7 - STATE AID FOR FAIRS

8 - COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORKERS

9 - DISEASES AMONG DOMESTIC ANIMALS

9A - FEEDING OF UNTREATED GARBAGE T

10 - MALE BREEDING ANIMALS

10A - THE WEST VIRGINIA EGG MARKET

10B - LIVESTOCK DEALER'S LICENSING

11 - BULK MILK TRADE LAW

11A - DAIRY PRODUCTS AND IMITATION

11B - FROZEN DESSERTS AND IMITATIO

11C - SOUTHERN DAIRY COMPACT

11D - TRADITIONAL CHEESE PRODUCTIO

12 - INSECT PESTS, PLANT DISEASES

12A - LAND DIVISION

12B - INTERSTATE COMPACT ON PEST C

12C - INTERAGENCY COMMITTEE ON PES

12D - WEST VIRGINIA NOXIOUS WEED A

12E - INDUSTRIAL HEMP DEVELOPMENT

13 - INSPECTION AND PROTECTION OF

14 - WEST VIRGINIA COMMERCIAL FEED

15 - WEST VIRGINIA FERTILIZER LAW

15A - WEST VIRGINIA AGRICULTURAL L

16 - WEST VIRGINIA SEED LAW

16A - WEST VIRGINIA PESTICIDE CONT

16B - WEST VIRGINIA PESTICIDE USE

17 - FENCES

18 - GENERAL STOCK LAW

19 - PRESERVATION OF AGRICULTURAL
    19 - 19 - 1
    19 - 19 - 2
    19 - 19 - 3
    19 - 19 - 4
    19 - 19 - 5
    19 - 19 - 6

20 - DOGS AND CATS

20A - VACCINATION OF DOGS AND CATS

20B - SPAYING OR NEUTERING OF DOGS

20C - WEST VIRGINIA SPAY NEUTER AS

20D - PRIVATE CAUSE OF ACTION FOR

21 - DRAINAGE DISTRICTS

21A - CONSERVATION DISTRICTS

21B - WATERSHED IMPROVEMENT DISTRI

22 - VINEGARS

23 - HORSE AND DOG RACING

24 - INTERSTATE COMPACT ON LICENSU

25 - LIMITING LIABILITY OF LANDOWN

26 - GENERAL JOHN MCCAUSLAND MEMOR

27 - WEST VIRGINIA STATE FARM MUSE

28 - VITAMIN AND MINERAL ENRICHMEN

29 - PRODUCTION OF NONTRADITIONAL

30 - DONATED FOOD

31 - GUS R DOUGLASS AGRICULTURAL C

32 - AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT

33 - EQUINE RESCUE FACILITIES ACT

34 - DANGEROUS WILD ANIMALS ACT

WVC 19 - CHAPTER 19. AGRICULTURE.
WVC 19 - 19 - ARTICLE 19. PRESERVATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION.

WVC 19 - 19 - 1 §19-19-1. Purpose; public policy.
Whereas, Agricultural production of food and fiber is a basic necessity to sustain human life, and essential to the general welfare and stability of this state and the citizens thereof, and the continued conduct of the utilization of land in the conduct of agricultural production, including woodland and forestry production, is a necessity to the welfare and common good of all of the citizens of this state; and,

Whereas, The infringement upon agricultural lands and agricultural operations by other uses and occupancies which are either adverse or incompatible with the continued agricultural utilization may be of such nature as to endanger orderly agricultural production, it is hereby declared to be the public policy of this state that agricultural production and the utilization of land in agricultural productive operations be protected and preserved.

WVC 19 - 19 - 2 §19-19-2. Definitions.
For the purposes of this article:

(a) "Agriculture" shall mean the production of food, fiber and woodland products, by means of cultivation, tillage of the soil and by the conduct of animal, livestock, dairy, apiary, equine or poultry husbandry, and the practice of forestry, sylviculture, horticulture, or any other plant or animal production and all farm practices related, usual or incidental thereto, including the storage, packing, shipping and marketing, but not including any manufacturing, milling or processing of such products by other than the producer thereof.

(b) "Agricultural land" shall mean not less than five acres of land and the improvements thereupon, used or usable in the production of food, fiber or woodland products of an annual value of one thousand dollars or more, by the conduct of the business of agriculture, as defined in subsection (a) of this section.

WVC 19 - 19 - 3 §19-19-3. Temporary change of agricultural operations.
The change of agricultural land use to a differing agricultural use, including rotation or lying fallow from time to time, shall not constitute abandonment as agricultural land or limit the change to any other agricultural use.

WVC 19 - 19 - 4 §19-19-4. Agriculture not adverse; limitation of actions.
The conduct of agriculture upon agricultural land shall not be deemed adverse to other use or uses of adjoining or neighboring land, whether such other land be used or occupied for residential, commercial, business or for governmental, or any uses other than agricultural. No complaint or right of action shall be maintained in any court of this state against the owner or operator of agricultural lands adverse to the conduct of agriculture upon agricultural lands, unless:

(1) The complainant's use and occupancy of land of the complainant has existed upon his adjoining or neighboring land before the agricultural operation complained of upon the agricultural land; and

(2) The conduct of such agricultural operation complained of has caused or will cause actual physical damage to the person or property of the owner or occupant of such adjoining or neighboring lands.

WVC 19 - 19 - 5 §19-19-5. Duties of owner or operator maintained.
Nothing in this article shall be construed to excuse or relieve the owner or operator of any agricultural lands from any other right or duty as to any other person or persons, and shall apply only to the right to conduct the practice of agriculture upon his agricultural lands, and the rights and duties of such owner or operator shall be in all other respects maintained as to any other person or persons or entity.

WVC 19 - 19 - 6 §19-19-6. Liability for damage or destruction of sylvicultural or agricultural field test crop; damages.
(a) Any person or legal entity who willfully and knowingly damages or destroys, or allows an instrumentality within his or her control to damage or destroy a sylvicultural or agricultural field test crop that is grown for personal purposes, commercial purposes, or for testing or research purposes in the context of a product development program in conjunction or coordination with a private research facility or a university or any federal, state or local government agency, shall be liable for twice the market value of the crop damaged or destroyed prior to damage or destruction, as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction, plus interest and reasonable court costs. Where the damaged or destroyed crops are grown for testing or research purposes, damages shall also include twice the actual damages relating to production, research, testing, replacement and crop development costs directly related to the crop that has been damaged or destroyed.

(b) The rights and remedies available under this section are in addition to any other rights or remedies otherwise available in law or statute.

(c) For the purpose of this section, the term "person" means an individual or any nongovernmental group, association, corporation or any other nongovernmental entity.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2014 1st Special Session
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