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Chapter 18 A     Entire Code
‹ Chapter 18  |  Chapter 18A › Printer Friendly Versions
Chapter 18A  |  Article 18A - 3  |  Section 2B
WVC 18A- CHAPTER 18A. SCHOOL PERSONNEL.
WVC 18 A- 3 - ARTICLE 3. TRAINING, CERTIFICATION, LICENSING, PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 1 §18A-3-1. Teacher preparation programs; program approval and standards; authority to issue teaching certificates.

              (a) The education of professional educators in the state is under the general direction and control of the state board after consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Arts and the Chancellor for Higher Education who shall represent the interests of educator preparation programs within the institutions of higher education in this state as defined in section two, article one, chapter eighteen-b of this code.

              The education of professional educators in the state includes all programs leading to certification to teach or serve in the public schools. The programs include the following:

              (1) Programs in all institutions of higher education, including student teaching and teacher-in-residence programs as provided in this section;

              (2) Beginning teacher internship and induction programs;

              (3) Granting West Virginia certification to persons who received their preparation to teach outside the boundaries of this state, except as provided in subsection (b) of this section;

              (4) Alternative preparation programs in this state leading to certification, including programs established pursuant to the provisions of section one-a of this article and programs which are in effect on the effective date of this section; and

              (5) Continuing professional education, professional development and in-service training programs for professional educators employed in the public schools in the state.

              (b) After consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Arts and the Chancellor for Higher Education, the state board shall adopt standards for the education of professional educators in the state and for awarding certificates valid in the public schools of this state. The standards include, but are not limited to the following:

              (1) A provision for the study of multicultural education. As used in this section, multicultural education means the study of the pluralistic nature of American society including its values, institutions, organizations, groups, status positions and social roles;

              (2) A provision for the study of classroom management techniques, including methods of effective management of disruptive behavior including societal factors and their impact on student behavior; and

              (3) A teacher from another state shall be awarded a teaching certificate for a comparable grade level and subject area valid in the public schools of this state, subject to section ten of this article, if he or she has met the following requirements:

              (A) Holds a valid teaching certificate or a certificate of eligibility issued by another state;

              (B) Has graduated from an educator preparation program at a regionally accredited institution of higher education;

              (C) Possesses the minimum of a bachelor's degree; and

              (D) Meets all of the requirements of the state for full certification except employment.

              (c) The state board may enter into an agreement with county boards for the use of the public schools in order to give prospective teachers the teaching experience needed to demonstrate competence as a prerequisite to certification to teach in the West Virginia public schools.

              (d) An agreement established pursuant to subsection (c) of this section shall recognize student teaching as a joint responsibility of the educator preparation institution and the cooperating public schools. The agreement shall include the following items:

              (1) The minimum qualifications for the employment of public school teachers selected as supervising teachers, including the requirement that field-based and clinical experiences be supervised by a teacher fully certified in the state in which that teacher is supervising;

              (2) The remuneration to be paid to public school teachers by the state board, in addition to their contractual salaries, for supervising student teachers;

              (3) Minimum standards to guarantee the adequacy of the facilities and program of the public school selected for student teaching;

              (4) Assurance that the student teacher, under the direction and supervision of the supervising teacher, shall exercise the authority of a substitute teacher; and

              (5) A provision requiring any higher education institution with an educator preparation program to document that the student teacher's field-based and clinical experiences include participation and instruction with multicultural, at-risk and exceptional children at each programmatic level for which the student teacher seeks certification;

              (6) A provision authorizing a school or school district that has implemented a comprehensive beginning teacher induction program, to enter into an agreement that provides for the training and supervision of student teachers consistent with the educational objectives of this subsection by using an alternate structure implemented for the support, supervision and mentoring of beginning teachers. The agreement is in lieu of any specific provisions of this subsection and is subject to the approval of the state board.

              (e) Teacher-in-residence programs. --

              (1) In lieu of the provisions of subsections (c) and (d) of this section and subject to approval of the state board, an institution of higher education with a program for the education of professional educators in the state approved by the state board may enter into an agreement with county boards for the use of teacher- in-residence programs in the public schools.

              (2) A "teacher-in-residence program" means an intensively supervised and mentored residency program for prospective teachers during their senior year that refines their professional practice skills and helps them gain the teaching experience needed to demonstrate competence as a prerequisite to certification to teach in the West Virginia public schools.

              (3) The authorization for the higher education institution and the county board to implement a teacher-in-residence program is subject to state board approval. The provisions of the agreement include, but are not limited to, the following items:

              (A) A requirement that the prospective teacher in a teacher-in-residence program shall have completed the content area preparation courses and shall have passed the appropriate basic skills and subject matter test or tests required by the state board for teachers to become certified in the area for which licensure is sought;

              (B) A requirement that the teacher-in-residence serve only in a teaching position in the county which has been posted and for which no other teacher fully certified for the position has been employed;

              (C) Specifics regarding the program of instruction for the teacher-in-residence setting forth the responsibilities for supervision and mentoring by the higher education institution's educator preparation program, the school principal, and peer teachers and mentors, and the responsibilities for the formal instruction or professional development necessary for the teacher- in-residence to perfect his or her professional practice skills. The program also may include other instructional items as considered appropriate.

              (D) A requirement that the teacher-in-residence hold a teacher-in-residence permit qualifying the individual to teach in his or her assigned position as the teacher of record;

              (E) A requirement that the salary and benefit costs for the position to which the teacher-in-residence is assigned shall be used only for program support and to pay a stipend to the teacher- in-residence as specified in the agreement, subject to the following:

              (i) The teacher-in-residence is a student enrolled in the teacher preparation program of the institution of higher education and is not a regularly employed employee of the county board;

              (ii) The teacher in residence is included on the certified list of employees of the county eligible for state aid funding the same as an employee of the county at the appropriate level based on their permit and level of experience;

              (iii) All state-aid-funding due to the county board for the teacher-in-residence shall be used only in accordance with the agreement with the institution of higher education for support of the program as provided in the agreement, including costs associated with instruction and supervision as set forth in paragraph (C) of this subdivision;

              (iv) The teacher-in-residence is provided the same liability insurance coverage as other employees; and

              (v) All state aid funding due to the county for the teacher- in-residence and not required for support of the program shall be paid as a stipend to the teacher-in-residence: Provided, That the stipend paid to the teacher-in-residence shall be no less than sixty-five percent of all state aid funding due the county for the teacher-in-residence.

              (4) Other provisions that may be required by the state board.

              (f) In lieu of the student teaching experience in a public school setting required by this section, an institution of higher education may provide an alternate student teaching experience in a nonpublic school setting if the institution of higher education meets the following criteria:

              (1) Complies with the provisions of this section;

              (2) Has a state board approved educator preparation program; and

              (3) Enters into an agreement pursuant to subdivisions (g) and (h) of this section.

              (g) At the discretion of the higher education institution, an agreement for an alternate student teaching experience between an institution of higher education and a nonpublic school shall require one of the following:

              (1) The student teacher shall complete at least one half of the clinical experience in a public school; or

              (2) The educator preparation program shall include a requirement that any student performing student teaching in a nonpublic school shall complete the following:

              (A) At least two hundred clock hours of field-based training in a public school; and

              (B) A course, which is a component of the institution's state board approved educator preparation program, that provides information to prospective teachers equivalent to the teaching experience needed to demonstrate competence as a prerequisite to certification to teach in the public schools in West Virginia. The course also shall include instruction on at least the following elements:

              (i) State board policy and provisions of this code governing public education;

              (ii) Requirements for federal and state accountability, including the mandatory reporting of child abuse;

              (iii) Federal and state mandated curriculum and assessment requirements, including multicultural education, safe schools and student code of conduct;

              (iv) Federal and state regulations for the instruction of exceptional students as defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. §1400 et seq.; and

              (v) Varied approaches for effective instruction for students who are at-risk.

              (h) In addition to the requirements set forth in subsection (g) of this section, an agreement for an alternate student teaching experience between an institution of higher education and a nonpublic school shall include the following:

              (1) A requirement that the higher education institution with an educator preparation program shall document that the student teacher's field-based and clinical experiences include participation and instruction with multicultural, at-risk and exceptional children at each programmatic level for which the student teacher seeks certification; and

              (2) The minimum qualifications for the employment of school teachers selected as supervising teachers, including the requirement that field-based and clinical experiences be supervised by a teacher fully certified in the state in which that teacher is supervising.

              (i) The state superintendent may issue certificates as provided in section two-a of this article to graduates of educator preparation programs and alternative educator preparation programs approved by the state board. The certificates are issued in accordance with this section and rules adopted by the state board after consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Arts and the Chancellor for Higher Education.

              (1) A certificate to teach may be granted only to a person who meets the following criteria:

              (A) Is a citizen of the United States, except as provided in subdivision (2) of this subsection;

              (B) Is of good moral character;

              (C) Is physically, mentally and emotionally qualified to perform the duties of a teacher; and

              (D) Is at least eighteen years of age on or before October 1, of the year in which his or her certificate is issued.

              (2) A permit to teach in the public schools of this state may be granted to a person who is an exchange teacher from a foreign country or an alien person who meets the requirements to teach.

              (j) In consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Arts and the Chancellor for Higher Education, institutions of higher education approved for educator preparation may cooperate with each other, with the center for professional development and with one or more county boards to organize and operate centers to provide selected phases of the educator preparation program. The phases include, but are not limited to the following:

              (1) Student teaching and teacher-in-residence programs;

              (2) Beginning teacher internship and induction programs;

              (3) Instruction in methodology; and

              (4) Seminar programs for college students, teachers with provisional certification, professional support team members and supervising teachers.

              By mutual agreement, the institutions of higher education, the center for professional development and county boards may budget and expend funds to operate the centers through payments to the appropriate fiscal office of the participating institutions, the center for professional development and the county boards.

              (k) The provisions of this section do not require discontinuation of an existing student teacher training center or school which meets the standards of the state board.

              (l) All institutions of higher education approved for educator preparation in the 1962-63 school year continue to hold that distinction so long as they meet the minimum standards for educator preparation. Nothing in this section infringes upon the rights granted to any institution by charter given according to law previous to the adoption of this code.

              (m) Definitions. -- For the purposes of this section, the following words have the meanings ascribed to them unless the context clearly indicates a different meaning:

              (1) "Nonpublic school" means a private school, parochial school, church school, school operated by a religious order or other nonpublic school that elects to meet the following conditions:

              (A) Comply with the provisions of article twenty-eight, chapter eighteen of this code;

              (B) Participate on a voluntary basis in a state operated or state sponsored program provided to this type school pursuant to this section; and

              (C) Comply with the provisions of this section;

              (2) "At-risk" means a student who has the potential for academic failure, including, but not limited to, the risk of dropping out of school, involvement in delinquent activity or poverty as indicated by free or reduced lunch status; and

              (3) Exceptional child" or "exceptional children" has the meaning ascribed to these terms pursuant to section one, article twenty, chapter eighteen of this code, but, as used in this section, the terms do not include gifted students. WVC 18 A- 3 - 1 A §18A-3-1a. Alternative programs for the education of teachers; legislative rules required.

     (a) Definitions. -- For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the meaning ascribed to them, unless the context in which a term is used clearly requires a different meaning:

     (1) "Alternative program teacher certificate" means a certificate issued for one year to a candidate who does not meet the standard educational requirements for teacher certification;

     (2) "Approved education provider" means a partnership between one or more schools, school districts or regional educational service agencies and an institution of higher education in this state with a regionally accredited program for the education of professional educators approved by the state board or an entity affiliated with such an institution's approved program, that has submitted to the state board a plan and agreement between the organizations for the delivery of an alternative program in accordance with this section, and the state board has approved the plan and agreement; and

     (3) "Area of critical need and shortage" means an opening in an established, existing or newly-created position which has been posted at least two times in accordance with section seven-a, article four of this chapter and for which no fully-qualified applicant has been employed.

     (b) Establishment of alternative teacher education programs. -- After consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Arts and the Chancellor of the Higher Education Policy Commission, the state board shall promulgate a legislative rule or rules in accordance with article three-b, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to implement the provisions of this section. The proposed rule or rules shall be submitted to the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability for review prior to adoption. The rule or rules shall include, but are not limited to, the following issues:

     (1) Separate procedures for the approval and operation of each of the alternative teacher education programs as provided in this section:

     (A) These programs are an alternative to the regular college or university programs for the education of teachers and may only be offered by approved education providers; and

     (B) Each program is separate from other programs established by this section;

     (2) Procedures for approving an approved education provider as defined in this section. Approval is required prior to implementation the provider's program leading to certification to teach in the public schools of this state;

     (3) An alternative program teacher may not be employed in a school, school district or regional educational service agency unless the school, school district or regional educational service agency is a part of a partnership that qualifies as an approved education provider as defined in subsection (a) of this section;

     (4) Provisions for setting tuition charges to offset program costs;

     (5) The recommendation to rehire an alternative education program teacher, is subject to satisfactory progress in the applicable alternative education program by the holder of the alternative program certificate; and

     (6) When making decisions affecting the hiring of a teacher authorized to teach under an alternative program certificate as provided in this section, a county board shall give preference to applicants who hold a valid West Virginia professional teaching certificate.

     (c) Alternative teacher education program. --

     (1) To participate in an approved alternative teacher education program, the candidate must hold an alternative program teacher certificate issued by the state superintendent and endorsed for the instructional field in which the candidate seeks certification.

     (2) The certificate may be renewed twice and no individual may hold an alternative program teacher certificate for a period exceeding three years. The alternative program teacher certificate is equivalent to a professional teaching certificate for the purpose of issuing a continuing contract.

     (3) To be eligible for an alternative program teacher certificate, an applicant shall meet the following criteria:

     (A) Possess at least a bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited institution of higher education in a discipline taught in the public schools.

     (B) Pass the same basic skills and subject matter test or tests required by the state board for traditional program candidates to become certified in the area for which licensure is being sought;

     (C) Hold United States citizenship; be of good moral character and be physically, mentally and emotionally qualified to perform the duties of a teacher;

     (D) Attain the age of eighteen years on or before October 1 of the year in which the alternative program teacher certificate is issued;

     (E) Receive a formal offer of employment in an area of critical need and shortage from a county superintendent;

     (F) Qualify for employment following a criminal history check pursuant to section ten of this article;

     (G) In the case of an applicant pursuing certification to teach American Sign Language, in lieu of paragraphs (A) and (B) of this subdivision, the applicant shall possess at least a bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited institution of higher education and pass an appropriate state board approved test or tests demonstrating the applicant's proficiency in American Sign Language; and

     (H) In the case of applicants who have at least four years of experience in the subject field and are pursuing certification to teach in selected vocational and technical areas, in lieu of paragraphs (A) and (B) of this subdivision, the applicant shall pass an appropriate state board approved test or tests demonstrating the applicant's proficiency in the basic skills and occupational content areas.

     (4) A person who satisfies the requirements set forth in subdivision (3) of this subsection shall be granted a formal document authorizing him or her to work in a public school in West Virginia.

     (5) An approved alternative program provides essential knowledge and skills to alternative program teachers through the following phases of training:

     (A) Instruction. -- The alternative preparation program shall provide a minimum of eighteen semester hours of instruction in the areas of student assessment; development and learning; curriculum; classroom management; the use of educational computers and other technology; and special education and diversity. All programs shall contain a minimum of three semester hours of instruction in special education and diversity out of the minimum eighteen required semester hours. Subject to the approval of the state board, an approved education provider may provide instruction equivalent to the eighteen semester hours required by this paragraph through nontraditional methods, including, but not limited to, methods such as a series of modules covering the various topics, electronically delivered instruction, summer sessions, professional development and job-embedded mentoring.

     (B) Phase I. -- Phase I consists of a period of intensive, on-the-job supervision by an assigned mentor and the school administrator for a period of not fewer than two weeks. The assigned mentor shall meet the requirements for a beginning teacher internship mentor set forth in section two-b of this article and shall be paid the stipend authorized pursuant to that section. The state board shall provide, in its rule for the approval and operation of this program, requirements for the frequency and duration of time periods for the person holding an alternative certificate to observe in the classroom of the mentor. The person holding an alternative certificate shall be observed daily by the mentor or the school administrator during this phase. This phase includes an orientation to the policies, organization and curriculum of the employing district. The alternative program teacher shall receive formal instruction in those areas listed in paragraph (A) of this subdivision.

     (C) Phase II. -- Phase II consists of a period of intensive, on-the-job supervision beginning the first day following the completion of Phase I and continuing for a period of at least ten weeks. During Phase II, the alternative program teacher is visited and critiqued at least one time per week by members of a professional support team, as defined in subdivision (6) of this subsection, and is observed by the appropriately certified members of the team at the end of five weeks and again at five-week intervals until the completion of this phase. At the completion of this phase, the alternative program teacher shall receive a formal evaluation by the principal. The alternative program teacher shall continue to receive formal instruction in those areas listed in paragraph (A), of this subdivision.

     (D) Phase III. -- Phase III consists of an additional period of continued supervision and evaluation of no fewer than twenty weeks duration. The professional support team determines the requirements of this phase, but those requirements shall include at least one formal evaluation conducted at the completion of the phase by the principal. The alternative program teacher shall continue to receive formal instruction in those areas listed in paragraph (A) of this subdivision, and shall be given opportunities to observe the teaching of experienced colleagues.

     (6) Professional support team. --

     (A) Training and supervision of alternative program teachers are provided by a professional support team comprised of a school principal, or his or her designee, an experienced classroom teacher who satisfies the requirements for mentor for the Beginning Educator Internship pursuant to section two-b of this article, a representative of the institution of higher education that is a part of the partnership that qualifies as an approved education provider as defined in subsection (a) of this section or an entity affiliated with that institution, and a curriculum supervisor or other central office administrator with certification and training relevant to the training and supervision of the alternative program candidate.

     (B) Districts or schools which have been unable to establish a relationship with a college or university shall provide for comparable expertise on the team.

     (C) The school principal, or his or her designee, serves as chairperson of the team.

     (D) The duration of each of the three phases of the program specified in paragraphs (B), (C) and (D), subdivision (5) of this subsection, in excess of the minimum durations provided in those paragraphs, shall be determined by the professional support team within guidelines provided by the state board in its rule for the approval and operation of this program.

     (E) In addition to other duties assigned to it under this section and section one-b of this article, the approved education provider shall submit a written evaluation of the alternative program teacher to the county superintendent. The written evaluation shall be in a form specified by the county superintendent and submitted on a date specified by the county superintendent that is prior to the first Monday of May. The evaluation shall report the progress of the alternative program teacher toward meeting the academic and performance requirements of the program.

     (F) The training for professional support team members may be coordinated and provided by the Center for Professional Development in coordination with the approved education provider as set forth in the plan approved by the state board pursuant to subdivision (8) of this subsection.

     (7) In lieu of and as an alternative to the professional support team specified in subdivision (6) of this subsection and its specific duties throughout the program phases as set forth in subdivision (5) of this section, a school or school district that has implemented a comprehensive beginning teacher induction program may, subject to the approval of the state board, provide for the training and supervision of alternative program teachers using a structure consistent with the structure implemented for the support, supervision and mentoring of beginning teachers: Provided, That all final decisions on the progress of the alternative program teacher and recommendations upon program completion shall rest with the principal.

     (8) An approved education provider seeking approval for an alternative certification program shall submit a plan to the state board.

     (A) No alternative certification program may be implemented prior to receiving state board approval.

     (B) Each plan shall describe how the proposed training program will accomplish the key elements of an alternative program for the education of teachers as set forth in this section.

     (d) Alternative highly qualified special education teacher education program. --

     (1) These programs are separate from the programs established under the other provisions of this section and are applicable only to teachers who have at least a bachelor's degree in a program for the preparation of teachers from a regionally accredited institution of higher education.

     (2) These programs are subject to the other provisions of this section only to the extent specifically provided in the rule.

     (3) These programs may be an alternative to the regular college and university programs for the education of special education teachers and also may address the content area preparation of certified special education teachers.

     (4) The programs shall incorporate professional development to the maximum extent possible to help teachers who are currently certified in special education to obtain the required content area preparation.

     (5) Participation in an alternative education program pursuant to this subsection may not affect any rights, privileges or benefits to which the participant otherwise would be entitled as a regular employee and may not alter any rights, privileges or benefits of participants on continuing contract status.

     (e) Additional alternative education program to prepare highly qualified special education teachers. --

     (1) These programs are separate from the programs established under the other provisions of this section and are applicable only to persons who hold a bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited institution of higher education.

     (2) These programs are subject to the other provisions of this section only to the extent specifically provided in the rule.

     (3) These programs may be an alternative to the regular college and university programs for the education of special education teachers and also may address the content area preparation of these persons. WVC 18 A- 3 - 1 B §18A-3-1b. Recommendation for certification of alternative program teachers.

     At the conclusion of an alternative teacher education program, the approved education provider shall prepare a comprehensive evaluation report on the alternative program teacher's performance. This report shall be submitted directly to the State Superintendent of Schools and shall contain a recommendation as to whether or not a professional certificate should be issued to the alternative program teacher. The report shall be made on standard forms developed by the State Superintendent.

     The comprehensive evaluation report shall include one of the following recommendations:

     (1) Approved: Recommends issuance of a professional certificate;

     (2) Insufficient: Recommends that a professional certificate not be issued but that the candidate be allowed to seek reentry on one or more occasions in the future into an approved alternative teacher education program; or

     (3) Disapproved: Recommends that a professional certificate not be issued and that the candidate not be allowed to enter into another approved alternative teacher education program in this state, but shall not be prohibited from pursuing teacher certification through other approved programs for the education of teachers in this state.

     The approved education provider shall provide the alternative program teacher with a copy of the alternative program teacher's written evaluation report and certification recommendation before submitting it to the state superintendent. If the alternative program teacher disagrees with the provider's recommendation, the alternative program teacher may, within fifteen days of receipt, request an appeal in accordance with the certification appeals process established by the State Board of Education. WVC 18 A- 3 - 1 C §18A-3-1c. Study of training, certification and licensing; report to legislative oversight commission on education accountability at December, 2001, interim meetings; collaboration on sources of funding for education and training for reduction in force; teacher to gain additional certification in areas of critical need and shortage.
(a) The Legislature finds that the training, certification and licensing of professional educators is not well coordinated with the employment laws of the state particularly with respect to the middle school grade levels. The Legislature further finds that the statutes place responsibility for the training, certification and licensing of professional educators with the state board of education after consultation with the secretary of education and the arts. Therefore, the Legislature hereby directs the state board and the secretary of education and the arts to undertake a study of the policies, programs and statutes relating to the training, certification and licensing of professional educators and to report their findings, conclusions and recommendations along with any necessary legislation for improving the coordination of the programs, policies and statutes with the needs of the public schools of this state to the legislative oversight commission on education accountability at its December, two thousand one, interim meeting. The study and recommendations shall also include an analysis of the cost and availability of certified teachers, along with recommended solutions, for any new courses required by state board policy to be offered in the public schools.

(b) The Legislature finds that there is a need to address areas of critical need and shortage for professional educators and that an expeditious approach for doing so is through the upgrading of the education and training of fully certified teachers who because of declining enrollment can no longer be employed in their area of certification and licensure. Therefore, the state superintendent, the vice chancellor for administration, the chancellor of the higher education policy commission shall collaborate with the governor's workforce development office on other potential sources of funds to assist professional educators whose contract of employment with a county board of education were not renewed due to a reduction in force to gain additional certification in areas of critical need and shortage.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 1 D §18A-3-1d. Study of alternative certification programs.

          The state board shall conduct a study on alternative certification programs, including the effectiveness of the current methods of alternative certification, any improvements needed on current methods of alternative certification and potential additional methods of certification that would enhance the ability of the State of West Virginia to place effective teachers in areas of high need. "Areas of high need" means those subject areas, public schools or geographic areas of the state in which the state board determines that critical teacher shortages exist. The board shall report its findings and recommendations to the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability no later than December 31, 2013. WVC 18 A- 3 - 2 §18A-3-2. Teacher certification; required; expiration;

qualifications; certification of aliens.

Any professional educator, as defined in article one of this chapter, who is employed within the public school system of the state shall hold a valid teaching certificate licensing him or her to teach in the specializations and grade levels as shown on the certificate for the period of his or her employment. If a teacher is employed in good faith on the anticipation that he or she is eligible for a certificate and it is later determined that the teacher was not eligible, the state superintendent of schools may authorize payment by the county board of education to the teacher for a time not exceeding three school months or the date of notification of his or her ineligibility, whichever shall occur first. All certificates shall expire on the thirtieth day of June of the last year of their validity irrespective of the date of issuance.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 2 A §18A-3-2a. Certificates valid in the public schools that may be issued by the state superintendent.

     In accordance with state board rules for the education of professional educators adopted pursuant to section one of this article and subject to the limitations and conditions of that section, the state superintendent may issue the following certificates valid in the public schools of the state:

     (a) Professional teaching certificates. --

     (1) A professional teaching certificate for teaching in the public schools may be issued to a person who meets the following conditions:

     (A) Holds at least a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution of higher education in this state, and

     (i) Has completed a program for the education of teachers which meets the requirements approved by the state board; or

     (ii) Has met equivalent standards at institutions in other states and has passed appropriate state board approved basic skills and subject matter tests or has completed three years of successful experience within the last seven years in the area for which licensure is being sought; or

     (B) Holds at least a bachelor's degree in a discipline taught in the public schools from an accredited institution of higher education, and

     (i) Has passed appropriate state board approved basic skills and subject matter tests; or

     (ii) Has completed three years of successful experience within the last seven years in the area for which licensure is being sought; and

     (I) Has completed an alternative program for teacher education approved by the state board,

     (II) Is recommended for a certificate in accordance with the provisions of sections one-a and one-b of this article relating to the program, or

     (III) Is recommended by the state superintendent based on documentation submitted.

     (2) The certificate shall be endorsed to indicate the grade level or levels or areas of specialization in which the person is certified to teach or to serve in the public schools.

     (3) The initial professional certificate is issued provisionally for a period of three years from the date of issuance:

     (A) The certificate may be converted to a professional certificate valid for five years subject to successful completion of a beginning teacher internship or induction program, if applicable; or

     (B) The certificate may be renewed subject to rules adopted by the state board.

     (b) Alternative program teacher certificate. -- An alternative program teacher certificate may be issued to a candidate who is enrolled in an alternative program for the education of teachers in accordance with the provisions of section one-a of this article.      (1) The certificate is valid only for the alternative program position in which the candidate is employed and is subject to enrollment in the program.

     (2) The certificate is valid for one year and may be renewed for each of the following two consecutive years only.

     (c) Professional administrative certificate. --

     (1) A professional administrative certificate, endorsed for serving in the public schools, with specific endorsement as a principal, vocational administrator, supervisor of instructions or superintendent, may be issued to a person who has completed requirements all to be approved by the state board as follows:

     (A) Holds at least a master's degree from an institution of higher education accredited to offer a master's degree; and

     (i) Has successfully completed an approved program for administrative certification developed by the state board in cooperation with the chancellor for higher education, and

     (ii) Has successfully completed education and training in evaluation skills through the center for professional development, or equivalent education and training in evaluation skills approved by the state board, and

     (iii) Possesses three years of management level experience.

     (2) Any person serving in the position of dean of students on June 4, 1992, is not required to hold a professional administrative certificate.

     (3) The initial professional administrative certificate is issued provisionally for a period of five years. This certificate may be converted to a professional administrative certificate valid for five years or renewed, subject to the regulations of the state board.

     (d) Paraprofessional certificate. -- A paraprofessional certificate may be issued to a person who meets the following conditions:

     (1) Has completed thirty-six semester hours of post-secondary education or its equivalent in subjects directly related to performance of the job, all approved by the state board; and

     (2) Demonstrates the proficiencies to perform duties as required of a paraprofessional as defined in section eight, article four of this chapter.

     (e) Other certificates; permits. --

     (1) Other certificates and permits may be issued, subject to the approval of the state board, to persons who do not qualify for the professional or paraprofessional certificate. (2) A certificate or permit may not be given permanent status and a person holding one of these credentials shall meet renewal requirements provided by law and by regulation, unless the state board declares certain of these certificates to be the equivalent of the professional certificate.

     (3) Within the category of other certificates and permits, the state superintendent may issue certificates for persons to serve in the public schools as athletic coaches or coaches of other extracurricular activities, whose duties may include the supervision of students, subject to the following limitations:

     (A) The person is employed under a contract with the county board of education.

     (i) The contract specifies the duties to be performed, specifies a rate of pay that is equivalent to the rate of pay for professional educators in the district who accept similar duties as extra duty assignments, and provides for liability insurance associated with the activity; and

     (ii) The person holding this certificate is not considered an employee of the board for salary and benefit purposes other than as specified in the contract.

     (B) A currently employed certified professional educator has not applied for the position; and

     (C) The person completes an orientation program designed and approved in accordance with state board rules.

     (f) Teacher-In-Residence Permit. --

     (1) A teacher-in-residence permit may be issued to a candidate who is enrolled in a teacher-in-residence program in accordance with an agreement between an institution of higher education and a county board. The agreement is developed pursuant to subsection (f), section one of this article and requires approval by the state board.

     (2) The permit is valid only for the teacher-in-residence program position in which the candidate is enrolled and is subject to enrollment in the program. The permit is valid for no more than one school year and may not be renewed. WVC 18 A- 3 - 2 B §18A-3-2b.

     Repealed.

Acts, 2013 Reg. Sess., Ch. 56. WVC 18 A- 3 - 2 C §18A-3-2c. Training through the principals academy.
(a) Principal training and professional development required. -- After the effective date of this section and subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, every principal shall complete training and professional development through the principals academy as provided in subsection (b) of this section.

(b) Principal training and professional development through the academy. -- The academy and the persons required to complete training and professional development through the academy shall adhere to the following guidelines:

(1) All persons assigned as a principal for the first time in a West Virginia school after the first day of July, two thousand two, shall complete specialized training and professional development for newly appointed principals through the academy within the first twelve months following assignment;

(2) All principals of schools which have been designated as seriously impaired, in accordance with section five, article two-e, chapter eighteen of this code, shall complete specialized training and professional development through the academy specifically designed to assist the principal to improve school performance commencing as soon as practicable following receipt of the designation;

(3) All principals who are subject to an improvement plan, in accordance with section twelve, article two of this chapter, shall complete specialized training and professional development through the academy specifically designed for principals subject to an improvement plan. The specialized training and professional development shall be completed within twelve months from the date that the principal is first subject to the improvement plan;

(4) All principals who transfer to a school with a significantly different grade configuration shall complete specialized training and professional development for principals in schools with the grade configuration to which they transferred through the academy within the first twelve months following transfer; and

(5) All persons serving as school principals shall complete training and professional development through the academy designed to build the qualities, proficiencies and skills required of all principals as determined by the state board.

(c) Academy and requirements to complete training and professional development subject to funding. -- The requirement that principals complete training and professional development through the academy shall be subject to the availability of funds for the principals academy from legislative appropriation and from other sources. If these funds are insufficient to provide for the total cost of the training and professional development required by subsection (b) of this section, then the academy shall provide training and professional development for the persons described in subdivisions (1) through (5), of subsection (b) according to the priority in which the subdivisions appear in that subsection. If such funds are insufficient to provide for the training and professional development of all the persons described in one or more of subdivisions (1) through (5), subsection (b) of this section, the academy is authorized to determine which persons described within the subdivision or subdivisions shall be admitted and which shall not be admitted: Provided, That the principals academy shall make every effort to ensure that all principals receive training and professional development through the academy at least once every six years effective the first day of July, two thousand two and thereafter: Provided, however, That nothing in this section shall be construed to require any specific level of funding by the Legislature.

(d) Principals standards advisory council. -- To assist the state board in the performance of the duties described in subsection (e) of this section, there is hereby created a "Principals Standards Advisory Council", which shall consist of nine persons, as follows: The executive director of the center for professional development, who shall serve as the ex officio chair; three principals, one from an elementary school and one from a middle school or a junior high school selected by the West Virginia association of elementary and middle school principals, and one from a high school selected by the West Virginia association of secondary school principals; one county school superintendent selected by the West Virginia association of school administrators; and two representatives from higher education who teach in principal preparation programs selected by the teacher education advisory council; and two citizen representatives who are knowledgeable on issues addressed in this section, appointed by the governor. Members of the principals standards advisory council who are public employees shall be granted release time from their employment for attending meetings of the council. Members may be reimbursed for reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred in the performance of their official duties by the center for professional development. The terms of all members appointed to the principals standards advisory council under the prior enactment of this section shall terminate on the thirty-first day of August, two thousand two. The principals standards advisory council as amended on the effective date of this section shall become effective on the first day of September, two thousand two.

(e) Establishment of standards. -- On or before the first day of October, one thousand nine hundred ninety-six, the state board shall approve and promulgate rules regarding the minimum qualities, proficiencies and skills that will be required of principals after the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety-seven. The state board shall promulgate and may from time to time amend such rules after consultation with the principals standards advisory council created in subsection (d) of this section. The rules promulgated by the state board shall address at least the following:

(1) Staff relations, including, but not limited to, the development and use of skills necessary to make a positive use of faculty senates, manage faculty and staff with courtesy and mutual respect, coach and motivate employees, and build consensus as a means of management;

(2) School community leadership qualities, including, but not limited to, the ability to organize and leverage community initiative, communicate effectively, work effectively with local school improvement councils, manage change, resolve conflict and reflect the highest personal values;

(3) Educational proficiencies, including, but not limited to, knowledge of curriculum, instructional techniques, student learning styles, student assessment criteria, school personnel performance, evaluation skills and family issues; and

(4) Administrative skills, including, but not limited to, organizational, fiscal, public policy and total quality management skills and techniques.

(f) Waivers. -- Any person desiring to be relieved of the requirements of all or any part of this section may apply in writing to the state board for a waiver. Upon a showing of reasonable cause why relief should be granted, the state board may grant a waiver, upon such terms and conditions as the state board shall determine proper, as to all or any part of this section.

(g) Failure to comply. -- Any person who fails or refuses to complete training and professional development through the academy, as required by the provisions of this section, and who fails to obtain a waiver, as described in subsection (f) of this section, shall be ineligible to be employed as, or serve in the capacity of, a principal.

(h) Tracking of requirement. -- On or before the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety-seven, the state board shall establish a system to track the progress of each person required to complete training through the academy and shall regularly advise such persons of their progress.

(i) Payment of reasonable and necessary expenses and stipends. -- The center for professional development shall reimburse persons attending the academy for reasonable and necessary expenses. A person may not be required to complete training and professional development through the principals academy before the fifteenth day of September and after the first day of June of the school year. The center for professional development shall utilize alternative methods of instructional delivery and scheduling, including electronic delivery, as considered appropriate to minimize the amount of time principals completing training and professional development through the academy are required to be away from their school duties. Nothing in this section shall be construed to require any specific level of funding by the Legislature.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 2 D §18A-3-2d. Beginning principal internships.

(a) Every person hired for the first time in a county school system as an assistant principal, principal or vocational administrator after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five, shall complete a one school year, beginning principal internship program under the provisions of this section. (b) The beginning principal internship program is a county school system based program intended to provide appropriate orientation activities and supervision to beginning assistant principals, principals or vocational administrators of this state. The beginning principal internship shall consist of the following components:

(1) An orientation program to be conducted prior to the beginning of the instructional term, but within the employment term, developed by the county school system: Provided, That if a beginning principal is hired during the instructional term the orientation program shall be conducted during the instructional term;

(2) The scheduling of no less than three regular meetings per semester during the school year between the mentor and beginning principal. Topics for each meeting may consist of, but are not limited to, the following: Evaluation of personnel, budgeting, scheduling, instructional leadership, discipline, public relations, conferencing skills or other topics determined by the mentor and intern;

(3) The provision of necessary release time from regular duties for the mentor as agreed to by the county superintendent and the beginning principal and a stipend of at least six hundred dollars for the mentor for duties as a mentor, to be paid by the state department of education; and

(4) Documentation of the beginning principal internship recorded on the evaluation form currently developed by the local county school district.

(c) Mentors are selected by the county superintendent and must have a minimum of five years of administrative experience as an assistant principal, principal or vocational administrator. Mentors must complete a staff development program approved by the West Virginia department of education prior to their employment as a mentor. The mentor must not be responsible for or a participant in any evaluation or supervision of the beginning principal intern.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 3 §18A-3-3. Renewal of certificates; permanent certification.
(a) Until the person qualifies for a permanent certificate, any professional or first class certificate based upon a bachelor's degree shall be renewable provided the holder within five years from the date the certificate became valid:

(1) Files application on a prescribed form with the State Department of Education;

(2) Presents an official transcript of six semester hours of approved credit as may be prescribed by the state board;

(3) Successfully completes a beginning teacher internship program, if applicable; and

(4) Submits a recommendation based on successful teaching experience from the county superintendent of schools of the county in which the holder last taught or resides.

(b) The holder of a professional certificate, valid for five years, shall have the certificate made permanent upon meeting any of the following requirements:

(1) Completion of the second renewal, in accordance with the provisions set forth in subsection (a) of this section; or

(2) After five years of service in the public schools, presentation of a transcript showing the completion of requirements for a master's degree from an institution of higher education accredited to offer the master's degree and in a program relevant to the public school program or completes the fifth year of training leading to a bachelor's degree in library science from a school fully approved by the American Library Association; or

(3) Receives certification through the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards.

(c) To satisfy any of the requirements of subsection (b) of this section, the person must file application on a prescribed form with the State Department of Education and must submit a recommendation from the county superintendent of schools of the county in which the person last taught or resides.

(d) All certificates and permits, other than the professional certificate, shall be renewed in accordance with state board regulations.

(e) If the applicant seeking renewal has cause to believe that the county superintendent refuses to give a recommendation without just cause, the applicant shall have the right, in such case, to appeal to the State Superintendent of Schools whose responsibility it shall be to investigate the matter and issue a certificate if, in the opinion of the state superintendent, the county superintendent's recommendation was withheld arbitrarily.

(f) A person who has reached the age of sixty and holds a renewable certificate, as provided in this section, need not present renewal credit but shall meet all other renewal requirements.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 3 A §18A-3-3a. Payment of tuition, registration and other fees for teachers; maximum payment per teacher.
(a) The West Virginia Department of Education shall promulgate rules to administer the reimbursement of tuition, registration and other required fees for coursework completed by teachers in accordance with the provisions of this section. The rules shall provide for reimbursement for courses completed toward both certification renewal and additional endorsement in a shortage area.

(b) As used in this section, the following words and phrases have the meanings ascribed to them:

(1) "Teacher" has the meaning provided in section one, article one, chapter eighteen of this code.

(2) "Shortage area" shall be defined by state board policy to indicate the subject areas for which an insufficient number of teachers are available.

(3) "Certification" and "certificate" mean a valid West Virginia:

(A) Professional teaching, service or administrative certificate, or its equivalent; or

(B) Provisional professional teaching, service or administrative certificate, or its equivalent.

(4) "Requirements for certification renewal" are those requirements of the State Department of Education as provided in section three of this article.

(5) "Requirements for additional endorsement" are those requirements of the State Department of Education as provided in section three of this article.

(6) "State institution of higher education" has the meaning provided in section two, article one, chapter eighteen-b of this code.

(c) To the extent of funds appropriated for the purposes specified in this section, payment shall be made to any teacher who:

(1) Holds either a valid West Virginia:

(A) Certificate; or

(B) First class permit for full-time employment; and

(2) Is seeking:

(A) An additional endorsement in a shortage area, and either resides in the state or is employed regularly for instructional purposes in a public school in the state; or

(B) Certification renewal, and has a continuing contract with a county board.

(d) The payment shall be made as reimbursement for the tuition, registration and other required fees for any course completed at:

(1) Any college or university within the state; or

(2) A college or university outside the state if prior approval is granted by the department.

(e) A course is eligible for reimbursement if it meets the requirements for:

(1) An additional endorsement in a shortage area; or

(2) Certification renewal.

(f) If funds appropriated for the purposes specified in this section are insufficient for the reimbursement of all eligible courses within the limits provided in this section, the West Virginia Department of Education shall make the reimbursements for courses for additional endorsement in a shortage area and certification renewal in a shortage area first.

(g) Payment made for any single fee may not exceed the amount of the highest corresponding fee charged at a state institution of higher education.

(h) Reimbursement for courses completed toward certification renewal is limited to fifteen semester hours of courses for any teacher. Reimbursement for courses completed toward additional endorsement in a shortage area is limited to fifteen semester hours of courses for any teacher.

(i) The West Virginia Department of Education shall seek funding from sources other than general revenue appropriation, including, but not limited to, workforce investment funds.

(j) No provision of this section may be construed to require any appropriation or any specific amount of appropriation for the purposes specified in this section, or to require the department to expend funds for those purposes from any other amounts appropriated for expenditure by the department.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 4 §18A-3-4. Validity of present certificates.
Nothing in this article shall be construed or interpreted in such way as to invalidate or in any manner change or shorten the validity period of certificates, including grade-level teaching rights, in force on the effective date of this act, nor the right to renew or make permanent such certificates.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 5 §18A-3-5. Validity of certificates held by members of armed forces.
A certificate held by a member of the armed forces of the United States shall have the period of validity extended to June thirtieth of the year following his or her separation from active duty or honorable discharge provided the certificate was valid at the time of entry into the armed forces.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 6 §18A-3-6. Grounds for revocation of certificates; recalling certificates for correction.
The state superintendent may, after ten days' notice and upon proper evidence, revoke the certificates of any teacher for any of the following causes: Intemperance; untruthfulness; cruelty; immorality; the conviction of a felony or a guilty plea or a plea of no contest to a felony charge; the conviction, guilty plea or plea of no contest to any charge involving sexual misconduct with a minor or a student; or for using fraudulent, unapproved or insufficient credit to obtain the certificates: Provided, That the certificates of a teacher may not be revoked for any matter for which the teacher was disciplined, less than dismissal, by the county board that employs the teacher, nor for which the teacher is meeting or has met an improvement plan determined by the county board, unless it can be proven by clear and convincing evidence that the teacher has committed one of the offenses listed in this subsection and his or her actions render him or her unfit to teach: Provided, however, That in order for any conduct of a teacher involving intemperance; cruelty; immorality; or using fraudulent, unapproved or insufficient credit to obtain the certificates to constitute grounds for the revocation of the certificates of the teacher, there must be a rational nexus between the conduct of the teacher and the performance of his or her job. The state superintendent may designate the West Virginia commission for professional teaching standards or members thereof to conduct hearings on revocations or certificate denials and make recommendations for action by the state superintendent.

It shall be the duty of any county superintendent who knows of any acts on the part of any teacher for which a certificate may be revoked in accordance with this section to report the same, together with all the facts and evidence, to the state superintendent for such action as in the state superintendent's judgment may be proper.

If a certificate has been granted through an error, oversight, or misinformation, the state superintendent has authority to recall the certificate and make such corrections as will conform to the requirements of law and the state board.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 7 §18A-3-7. Certificate fees.
The fee for the issuance or renewal of any certificate, if applicable, shall be established by the state board of education.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 8 §18A-3-8. County professional staff development councils.

The Legislature finds the professional expertise and insight of the classroom teacher to be an invaluable ingredient in the development and delivery of staff development programs which meet the needs of classroom teachers.

Therefore, a professional staff development council comprised of proportional representation from the major school levels and from vocational, special education and other specialties in proportion to their employment numbers in the county shall be established in each school district in the state in accordance with rules adopted by the state board of education. Nominations of instructional personnel to serve on the county staff development council may be submitted by the faculty senates of the district to the county superintendent who shall prepare and distribute ballots and tabulate the votes of the counties instructional personnel voting on the persons nominated. Each county staff development council shall consist of between nine and fifteen members at the discretion of the county superintendent based on the size of the county. The councils have final authority to propose staff development programs for their peers based upon rules established by statute and the council on professional education.

The county superintendent or a designee has an advisory, nonvoting role on the council. The county board shall make available an amount equal to one tenth of one percent of the amounts provided in accordance with section four, article nine-a,chapter eighteen of this code and credit the funds to an account to be used by the council to fulfill its objectives. The local board has final approval of all proposed disbursements.

Any funds credited to the council during a fiscal year, but not used by the council, shall be carried over in the council account for use in the next fiscal year. These funds are separate and apart from, and in addition to, those funds to be credited to the council pursuant to this section. At the end of each fiscal year, the council shall report to each faculty senate chairperson the amount of funds carried over into the next fiscal year.

The professional staff development project of the center for professional development shall assist in the development and delivery of staff development programs by the county staff development councils and shall coordinate staff development efforts statewide.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 9 §18A-3-9. County service personnel staff development councils.
(a) The Legislature finds the professional expertise and insight of service personnel to be an invaluable ingredient in the development and delivery of staff development programs which meet the needs of service personnel.

(b) Therefore, a service personnel staff development council comprised of representation from the various categories of service personnel employment shall be established in each school district in the state in accordance with rules adopted by the state board of education. Nominations of service personnel to serve on the county service personnel staff development council may be submitted by the six groups, as defined in subsection (e), section one, article one of this chapter, of the district to the county superintendent who shall prepare and distribute ballots and tabulate the votes of the counties service personnel voting on the persons nominated. Each county staff service personnel development council shall consist of two employees from each category of employment one of whom shall be elected as chairperson by the staff development council members. The councils have final authority to propose staff development programs for their peers based upon rules established by statute and the council on service personnel education. The county superintendent or a designee has an advisory, nonvoting role on the council. The county board shall make available an amount equal to one tenth of one percent of the amounts provided in accordance with section five, article nine-a, chapter eighteen of this code and credit the funds to an account to be used by the council to fulfill its objectives. The local board has the final approval of all proposed disbursements. Any funds credited to the council during a fiscal year, but not used by the council, shall be carried over in the council account for use in the next fiscal year. Any carried-over funds shall be separate and apart from, and in addition to, the funds to be credited to the council pursuant to this section.

(c) At the end of each fiscal year, the county board of education shall report to the staff development chairperson the total amount and balance of the staff development council account, the amount appropriated for the recent fiscal year, the amount of funds requested and used by the staff development council, and the amount of funds carried over into the next fiscal year. The county board of education shall further provide to the state superintendent of schools at the end of each fiscal year the names of the service personnel staff development council members, the name of the chairperson, the number of meetings the service personnel staff development council held to plan staff development programs and the number of hours service employees were provided during their employment terms to implement their staff development programs.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 10 §18A-3-10. Criminal history check of applicants for licensure by the state department of education.
Beginning the first day of January, two thousand two, any applicant for an initial license issued by the West Virginia department of education shall be fingerprinted by the West Virginia state police in accordance with state board policy in order to determine the applicant's suitability for licensure. The fingerprints shall be analyzed by the state police for a state criminal history record check through the central abuse registry and then forwarded to the federal bureau of investigation for a national criminal history record check. Information contained in either the central abuse registry record or the federal bureau of investigation record may form the basis for the denial of a certificate for just cause. The applicant for initial certification pays for the cost of obtaining the central abuse registry record and the federal bureau of investigation record.

Upon written consent to the state department by the applicant and within ninety days of the state fingerprint analysis, the results of a state analysis may be provided to a county board with which the applicant is applying for employment without further cost to the applicant.

Information maintained by the state department or a county board which was obtained for the purpose of this section is exempt from the disclosure provisions of chapter twenty-nine-b of this code. Nothing in this section prohibits disclosure or publication of information in a statistical or other form which does not identify the individuals involved or provide personal information.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 11 §18A-3-11. Fellowship for 21st Century Learners.
(a) The Legislature finds that:

(1) There are instances, especially for the purpose of professional development, where it would be beneficial for persons who are members of the Teachers' Retirement System or the Teachers' Defined Contribution System to be employed by state institutions of higher education or research corporations;

(2) Members of the Teachers' Retirement System are discouraged from terminating their membership to that system because their annuity is based on their final average salary and their total service credit;

(3) A member of the Teachers' Defined Contribution System may be discouraged from terminating his or her membership to that system because the member may be completely vested in that system or have made substantial progress toward being vested;

(4) These members also are discouraged from leaving employment that allows them to participate in the Public Employees Insurance Program pursuant to article sixteen, chapter five of this code; and

(5) An example of this beneficial arrangement would be the employment of a member of the Teachers' Retirement System or a member of the Teachers' Defined Contribution System by an entity that otherwise would not be considered an employer under article seven-a, chapter eighteen of this code or article seven-b, chapter eighteen of this code for the purpose of working on a joint professional development project between higher education and public education.

(b) For the purposes of this section only, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

(1) "Employer" means either the state institution of higher education or the research corporation employing a 21st Century Learner Fellow;

(2) "Research corporation" means a corporation meeting the description set forth in section three, article twelve, chapter eighteen-b of this code; and

(3) "State institution of higher education" means the same as defined in section two, article one, chapter eighteen-b of this code.

(c) The State Superintendent is authorized to designate up to twenty-five professional educators who are currently employed and who are members of either the Teachers' Retirement System set forth in article seven-a, chapter eighteen of this code or the Teachers' Defined Contribution System set forth in article seven-b, chapter eighteen of this code as 21st Century Learner Fellows, subject to the following:

(1) Before designating a person as a 21st Century Learner Fellow, the State Superintendent shall consult with the state institution of higher education or the research corporation that would employ the member if designated;

(2) In determining whether or not to designate a person as a 21st Century Learner Fellow, the State Superintendent shall give preference to a person who:

(A) Is certified by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards; and

(B) Demonstrates leadership within his or her content field in the county, regional education service agency area or the state;

(3) The duration of the person's designation as a 21st Century Learner Fellow shall be for the period in which the specific project to be undertaken by the person will last as determined by the State Superintendent at the time he or she designates the person; and

(4) Only the employer may terminate the employment of a person designated as a 21st Century Learner Fellow prior to the end of the duration of the person's designation as set forth in subsection (3) of this subsection.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of the code to the contrary, the professional educators designated as 21st Century Learner Fellows may elect to remain a member of the retirement system in which they were a member of immediately preceding their designation while they are employed by either a state institution of higher education or a research corporation, subject to the following:

(1) This authorization to remain a member of the retirement system in which they were a member of immediately preceding their designation only applies to authorization to remain a member of either the Teachers' Retirement System set forth in article seven-a, chapter eighteen of this code or to the Teachers' Defined Contribution System set forth in article seven-b, chapter eighteen of this code, but not both;

(2) Both the employer and the member each shall contribute their share as required by article seven-a, chapter eighteen of this code or article seven-b, chapter eighteen of this code, as applicable;

(3) If a 21st Century Learner Fellow elects to remain a member of either the Teachers' Retirement System set forth in article seven-a, chapter eighteen of this code or the Teachers' Defined Contribution System set forth in article seven-b, chapter eighteen of this code, he or she may not participate in any retirement plan offered by the employer; and

(4) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the employer does not assume any liability for benefits accrued by the 21st Century Learner Fellow while he or she was employed by any other entity.

(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of code to the contrary, each 21st Century Learner Fellow also qualifies as an employee for the purposes of being authorized to participate in the Public Employees Insurance Program pursuant to article sixteen, chapter five of this code and the state institution of higher education or the research corporation, as applicable, shall be considered an employer under that program, subject to the following:

(1) The state institution of higher education or the research corporation, as applicable, is not considered an employer with respect to any employee other than a 21st Century Learner Fellow;

(2) For any employee that elects to participate in the program pursuant to this subdivision, the employer shall pay their share of the premium and the employee shall pay his or her share of the premium pursuant to article sixteen, chapter five of this code; and

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the employer does not assume any liability for benefits accrued by the 21st Century Learner Fellow while he or she was employed by any other entity.

(f) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary:

(1) The employer is not responsible for any accrued annual leave, sick leave or both that a 21st Century Learner Fellow has accumulated during any prior employment; and

(2) If a 21st Century Learner Fellow has accumulated sick leave from prior employment, and if not for this subsection that sick leave obligation or any part of that obligation otherwise would have been transferred to the employer, after expending all sick leave accrued with the employer, the 21st Century Learner may expend the sick leave accumulated with the prior employer, and the prior employer is responsible for paying the cost of the sick leave expended by the 21st Century Learner Fellow at a rate equivalent to the salary and benefits paid to the 21st Century Learner Fellow at the time his or her employment with the prior employer ended.

WVC 18 A- 3 - 12 §18A-3-12. Technology integration specialists.

     The Legislature finds that technology integration specialists are becoming more crucial as technology plays a continuously increasing role in the education of students. In order to address the need for more technology integration specialists, the teacher preparation programs in this state shall cooperate with the state board to ensure that:

     (1) A portion of the technology integration hours required to apply for the Advanced Credential endorsed for Technology Integration Specialist is offered at each teacher preparation program while students are still working toward their teaching degree;

     (2) Teacher education program students are aware of the option of attaining a Technology Integration Specialist Advanced Credential and Temporary Authorization early enough so that they can take advantage of the hours offered; and

     (3) Alternative education programs are established by the teacher preparation programs to assist teachers who have already received their teaching certification attain the required hours necessary to earn a Technology Integration Specialist Advanced Credential. These alternative education programs are separate from programs required to be established by section one-a of this article.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
The WV Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.


Recent legislation affecting the Code

Citation Year/Session Short Title
§18 A- 5 - 1 A - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 5 - 1 D - (New Code)
SENATE BILL - 252
PASSED - Regular Session

SB252 SUB2 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/25/2014)
Allowing certain expelled students to return to school through Juvenile Drug Court
§18 A- 4 - 2 - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 4 - 8 A - (Amended Code)
SENATE BILL - 391
PASSED - Regular Session

SB391 SUB2 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/26/2014)
Providing salary increase for teachers and school service personnel
§18 A- 2 - 12 - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 3 - 1 C - (Repealed Code)
§18 A- 3 - 1 D - (Repealed Code)
§18 A- 4 - 10 B - (Repealed Code)
§18 A- 4 - 14 A - (Repealed Code)
HOUSE BILL - 4228
PASSED - Regular Session

HB4228 ENR SUB  (Uploaded - 03/25/2014)
Repealing or removing certain portions of education-related statutes that have expired
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
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