West Virginia Code


Chapter 18 A     Entire Code
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Chapter 18A  |  Article 18A - 1  |  Section 1

WVC 18 A- 1 - 1 §18A-1-1. Definitions.
The definitions contained in section one, article one, chapter eighteen of this code apply to this chapter. In addition, the following words used in this chapter and in any proceedings pursuant to this chapter have the meanings ascribed to them unless the context clearly indicates a different meaning:

(a) "School personnel" means all personnel employed by a county board whether employed on a regular full-time basis, an hourly basis or otherwise. "School personnel" is comprised of two categories: Professional personnel and service personnel;

(b) "Professional person" or "professional personnel" means those persons or employees who meet the certification requirements of the state, licensing requirements of the state, or both, and includes a professional educator and other professional employee;

(c) "Professional educator" has the same meaning as "teacher" as defined in section one, article one, chapter eighteen of this code. Professional educators are classified as follows:

(1) "Classroom teacher" means a professional educator who has a direct instructional or counseling relationship with students and who spends the majority of his or her time in this capacity;

(2) "Principal" means a professional educator who functions as an agent of the county board and has responsibility for the supervision, management and control of a school or schools within the guidelines established by the county board. The principal's major area of responsibility is the general supervision of all the schools and all school activities involving students, teachers and other school personnel;

(3) "Supervisor" means a professional educator who is responsible for working primarily in the field with professional and other personnel in instructional and other school improvement. This category includes other appropriate titles or positions with duties that fit within this definition; and

(4) "Central office administrator" means a superintendent, associate superintendent, assistant superintendent and other professional educators who are charged with administering and supervising the whole or some assigned part of the total program of the countywide school system. This category includes other appropriate titles or positions with duties that fit within this definition;

(d) "Other professional employee" means a person from another profession who is properly licensed and who is employed to serve the public schools. This definition includes a registered professional nurse, licensed by the West Virginia Board of Examiners for Registered Professional Nurses, who is employed by a county board and has completed either a two-year (sixty-four semester hours) or a three-year (ninety-six semester hours) nursing program;

(e) "Service person" or "service personnel", whether singular or plural, means a nonteaching school employee who is not included in the meaning of "teacher" as defined in section one, article one, chapter eighteen of this code and who serves the school or schools as a whole, in a nonprofessional capacity, including such areas as secretarial, custodial, maintenance, transportation, school lunch and aides. Any reference to "service employee" or "service employees" in this chapter or chapter eighteen of this code means service person or service personnel as defined in this section;

(f) "Principals Academy" or "academy" means the academy created pursuant to section two-b, article three-a of this chapter;

(g) "Center for Professional Development" means the center created pursuant to section one, article three-a of this chapter;

(h) "Job-sharing arrangement" means a formal, written agreement voluntarily entered into by a county board with two or more of its employees who wish to divide between them the duties and responsibilities of one authorized full-time position;

(i) "Prospective employable professional person", whether singular or plural, means a certified professional educator who:

(1) Has been recruited on a reserve list of a county board;

(2) Has been recruited at a job fair or as a result of contact made at a job fair;

(3) Has not obtained regular employee status through the job posting process provided in section seven-a, article four of this chapter; and

(4) Has obtained a baccalaureate degree from an accredited institution of higher education within the past year;

(j) "Dangerous student" means a student who is substantially likely to cause serious bodily injury to himself, herself or another individual within that student's educational environment, which may include any alternative education environment, as evidenced by a pattern or series of violent behavior exhibited by the student, and documented in writing by the school, with the documentation provided to the student and parent or guardian at the time of any offense;

(k) "Alternative education" means an authorized departure from the regular school program designed to provide educational and social development for students whose disruptive behavior places them at risk of not succeeding in the traditional school structures and in adult life without positive interventions; and

(l) "Long-term substitute" means a substitute employee who fills a vacant position:

That the county superintendent expects to extend for at least thirty consecutive days, and is either:

(A) Listed in the job posting as a long-term substitute position of over thirty days; or

(B) Listed in a job posting as a regular, full-time position and:

(i) Is not filled by a regular, full-time employee; and

(ii) Is filled by a substitute employee.

For the purposes of section two, article sixteen, chapter five of this code, long-term substitute does not include a retired employee hired to fill the vacant position.

WVC 18 A- 1 - 2 §18A-1-2. Repeal of inconsistent provisions.
The provisions of any articles or parts of articles, of the code of West Virginia, one thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended, which are inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter, are hereby repealed to the extent of such inconsistency.

WVC 18 A- 1 - 3 §18A-1-3. Constitutionality and severability.
If any provisions of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances shall be held to be unconstitutional and invalid, such unconstitutionality and invalidity shall not affect any one of the provisions or applications of the chapter which can be given effect without the invalid provisions or applications; and to this end the provisions of this chapter are separable. The Legislature hereby declares that it would have passed the remaining parts of this chapter if it had known that such other part or parts thereof would be declared unconstitutional and invalid.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2016 Regular Session
The West Virginia Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.

Recent legislation affecting the Code

Citation Year/Session Short Title
§18 A- 4 - 22 - (New Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

sb256 enr  (Uploaded - 10/06/2017)
Relating to prohibiting aiding and abetting of sexual abuse by school personnel
§18 A- 2 - 3 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2637 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 10/06/2017)
Relating to employment of retired teachers and prospective employable professional personnel in areas of critical need and shortage
§18 A- 3 - 6 - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 3 - 10 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2704 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 10/06/2017)
Prohibiting persons convicted of sexual offenses against children with whom they hold positions of trust from holding certification or license valid in public schools
§18 A- 4 - 14 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2711 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 10/06/2017)
Abolishing regional educational service agencies and providing for the transfer of property and records
§18 A- 3 - 2 A - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB2771 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 10/06/2017)
Relating to temporary teaching certificates for Armed Forces spouses
§18 A- 2 - 3 - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 4 - 7 A - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 5 - 1 A - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

SB369 ENR  (Uploaded - 02/25/2016)
Reducing legislative education reporting requirements
§18 A- 4 - 2 A - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

hb4316 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/15/2016)
hb4316 intr ENR  (Uploaded - 03/15/2016)
Relating to reimbursement of certification fee for National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certification
§18 A- 2 - 2 - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 2 - 5 A - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 2 - 6 - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 2 - 7 - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 2 - 7 B - (New Code)
§18 A- 2 - 8 A - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 4 - 7 A - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 4 - 8 B - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 4 - 8 E - (Amended Code)
§18 A- 5 - 8 - (Amended Code)
PASSED - Regular Session

HB4566 SUB ENR  (Uploaded - 03/16/2016)
Relating to school personnel
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