Senate
House
Joint
Bill Status
WV Code
Audits/ Reports
Educational
Contact
home
home

West Virginia Code

Search

Chapter 17 D     Entire Code
‹ Chapter 17  |  Chapter 17A › Printer Friendly Versions
Chapter 17D  |  Article 17D - 2A  |  Section 6
WVC 17 D- CHAPTER 17D. MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY RESPONSIBILITY LAW.
WVC 17 D- 2 A- ARTICLE 2A. SECURITY UPON MOTOR VEHICLES.

WVC 17 D- 2 A- 1 §17D-2A-1. Purpose of article.
The purpose of this article is to promote the public welfare by requiring every owner or registrant of a motor vehicle licensed in this state or operated in this state to maintain certain security during the registration period for the vehicle and to provide the means for the Division of Motor Vehicles, law enforcement and the judicial branch to electronically verify evidence of current insurance coverage at any time while a vehicle has a current registration or is operated on the roads and highways.

WVC 17 D- 2 A- 2 §17D-2A-2. Scope of article.
This article applies to the operation of all motor vehicles required to be registered or operated on the roads and highways to have the security in effect, as provided in section two, article two of this chapter, with the exception of motor vehicles owned by the state, any of its political subdivisions or by the federal government.

For the purposes of this article, commercial auto coverage is defined as any coverage provided to an insured, regardless of number of vehicles or entity covered, under a commercial coverage form and rated from a commercial manual approved by the Department of Insurance. This article shall not apply to vehicles insured under commercial auto coverage; however, insurers of such vehicles may participate on a voluntary basis.

WVC 17 D- 2 A- 3 §17D-2A-3. Required security; exceptions.
(a) Every owner or registrant of a motor vehicle required to be registered and licensed in this state shall maintain security as hereinafter provided in effect continuously throughout the registration or licensing period except in case of a periodic use or seasonal vehicle, in which case the owner or registrant is required to maintain security upon the vehicle only for the portion of the year the vehicle is in actual use. As used in this section, a periodic use or seasonal vehicle means a recreational vehicle, antique motor vehicle, motorcycle or other motor vehicle which is stored part of the year and used seasonally.

(b) The owner or registrant shall immediately surrender the registration plate to the Division of Motor Vehicles when he or she drops the required security during the registration period. An owner of a periodic use or seasonal vehicle may retain a registration plate subject to legislative rules promulgated by the commissioner.

(c) Every nonresident owner or registrant of a motor vehicle, which is operated upon any road or highway of this state and which has been physically present within this state for more than thirty days during the preceding three hundred sixty-five days shall thereafter maintain security as hereinafter provided in effect continuously throughout the period the motor vehicle remains within this state.

(d) No person may knowingly drive or operate upon any road or highway any motor vehicle upon which security is required by the provisions of this article unless the required security is in effect.

(e) The security shall be provided by one of the following methods:

(1) By an insurance policy delivered or issued for the delivery in this state by an insurance company authorized to issue vehicle liability and property insurance policies in this state within limits which may not be less than the requirements of section two, article four of this chapter; or

(2) By qualification as a self-insurer under the provisions of section two, article six of this chapter.

(f) This article does not apply to any motor vehicle owned by the state or by a political subdivision of this state, nor to any motor vehicle owned by the federal government.

WVC 17 D- 2 A- 4 §17D-2A-4. Certificate of insurance.
(a) All insurance carriers transacting insurance in this state shall supply a certificate to the insured or to any person subject to the registration provisions of article three, chapter seventeen-a of this code, certifying that there is in effect a motor vehicle liability policy upon such motor vehicle in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter seventeen-a of this code. The certificate shall give its effective date and the effective date of the policy and, unless the policy is issued to a person who is not the owner of a motor vehicle, must designate by explicit description, in such detail as the commissioner of the division of motor vehicles shall by rule require, all motor vehicles covered and all replacement vehicles of similar classification: Provided, That on and after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-four, insurance companies shall supply a certificate of insurance in duplicate for each policy term and for each vehicle included in a policy, except for those listed in a fleet policy. Each such certificate of insurance shall list the name of the policyholder and the name of the vehicle owner if different from the policyholder.

The certificate must specify for each vehicle listed therein, that there is a minimum liability insurance coverage not less than the requirements of section two, article four, chapter seventeen-d of this code.

(b) The certificate provided pursuant to the provisions of this section or other proof of insurance shall be carried by the insured in the appropriate vehicle for use as proof of security, and must be presented at the time of vehicle inspection as required by article sixteen, chapter seventeen-c of this code. Any person violating the provisions of this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than two hundred dollars nor more than five thousand dollars; and upon a second or subsequent conviction, shall be fined not less than two hundred dollars nor more than five thousand dollars, or confined in the county or regional jail for not less than fifteen days nor more than one year, or both: Provided, That an insured shall not be guilty of a violation of this subsection (b) if he or she furnishes proof that such insurance was in effect within seven days of being cited for not carrying such certificate or other proof in such vehicle.

(c) As used in this section, proof of insurance means a certificate of insurance, an insurance policy, a mechanically reproduced copy of an insurance policy, a certificate of self-insurance, or a copy of the current registration issued to a motor carrier by the public service commission: (1) Through the single state registration system established pursuant to section fourteen, article six-a, chapter twenty-four-a of this code; or (2) pursuant to the provisions of section four, article six, chapter twenty-four-a of this code.

WVC 17 D- 2 A- 5 §17D-2A-5. Cancellation of insurance policy; suspension of registration; minimum policy term.

(a) An insurance company shall provide the division of motor vehicles with a cancellation notice within ten days of the effective date of cancellation whenever the company issues or causes to be issued a cancellation under the provisions of subsections (b) through (e), section one, article six-a, chapter thirty-three of this code. Unless the division of motor vehicles by legislative rule allows for an alternative to suspension, the division shall then suspend the driver license of the owner of such vehicle for a period of thirty days and shall suspend the motor vehicle registration until proof of insurance is presented to the division. If, within the thirty-day period a license or registration is suspended, the owner shows proof of insurance, the owner's license and registration shall be immediately removed from suspension. If a license or registration is not suspended as result of the cancellation of insurance, the owner of the motor vehicle shall submit a statement under penalty of false swearing, that the cancellation will not result in the operation of an uninsured motor vehicle upon the highways of this state, and this verification shall be sent to the commissioner within twenty days of the notice of cancellation.

(b) On or before the fifteenth day of January, one thousand nine hundred eighty-five, the commissioner of motor vehicles shall report to the Legislature upon proceedings pursuant to this section. The report shall include the total number of statements selected for verification as required by section three, article three, chapter seventeen-a, the total number of notices received from insurers, the total number of notices of pending suspensions issued and the total number of cases in which cancellation was found to have resulted in a lapse of coverage upon a vehicle operated upon the highways of this state during the prior year.

(c) No policy of motor vehicle liability insurance issued or delivered for issuance in this state shall be contracted for a period of less than ninety days: Provided, That the insurance commissioner may establish exceptions thereto by rules and regulations to chapter twenty-nine-a.

WVC 17 D- 2 A- 6 §17D-2A-6. Investigation by duly authorized law-enforcement officer to include inquiry regarding required security; notice by officer or court to Division of Motor Vehicles.
(a) At the time of investigation of a motor vehicle offense or crash the State Police or other law-enforcement agency or when a vehicle is stopped by a law-enforcement officer for reasonable cause, the officer of the agency making the investigation shall inquire of the operator of any motor vehicle involved and, by an inquiry through the on-line insurance verification program established in accordance with section six-a of this article if available as to the existence upon the vehicle or vehicles of the evidence of insurance or other security required by the provisions of this code and upon a finding by the law-enforcement agency, officer or agent thereof that the security required by the provisions of this article is not in effect, as to any vehicle, he or she shall notify the Division of Motor Vehicles of the finding within five days: Provided, That the law-enforcement officer or agent may not stop vehicles solely to inquire as to the certificate of insurance.

(b) A defendant who is charged with a traffic offense that requires an appearance in court shall present the court at the time of his or her appearance or subsequent appearance with proof that the defendant had security at the time of the traffic offenses as required by this article subject to verification by the court through the Division of Motor Vehicles or its agent or by an on-line insurance verification program if available.

(c) If, as a result of the defendant's failure to show proof, the court determines that the defendant has violated this article, the court shall notify the Division of Motor Vehicles within five days.

WVC 17 D- 2 A- 6 A §17D-2A-6a. Determining if required security is in effect.
(a) The commissioner may make a determination that the required security on a motor vehicle is not in effect based upon crash reports required under the provisions of article four, chapter seventeen-c of this code, reports or citations from law-enforcement agencies, citations or abstracts of conviction from courts or from information from an on-line electronic insurance verification program.

(b) The commissioner is authorized to develop and implement an electronic insurance verification program based upon a model established by the Insurance Industry Committee on Motor Vehicle Administration to electronically verify evidence of insurance coverage with insurance companies.

(c) The commissioner may contract with a third party vendor to act as his or her agent to develop the program, conduct the electronic verification process with insurance companies and to operate the program.

(d) If developed and implemented by the commissioner, the on-line insurance verification program shall:

(1) Be able to verify, on an on-demand basis minus reasonable down time for system maintenance as agreed upon by the division or its agent and the insurance carrier, the liability insurance status as of the time of the inquiry or at other times not exceeding six months prior unless otherwise agreed upon by the division or its agent and the insurance carrier or via other similar electronic system that is consistent with insurance industry and Insurance Industry Committee on Motor Vehicle Administration (IICMVA) recommendations and the specifications and standards of the IICMVA model;

(2) Be able to make insurance verification inquiries to insurers by using multiple data elements for greater matching accuracy including: National Association of Insurance Commissioner's (NAIC) code specific to each licensed insurance company, vehicle identification numbers and policy number or other data elements as otherwise agreed to by the division or its agent and the insurer.

(3) Provide sufficient measures for the security and integrity of data including a requirement that the information obtained through the operation of the program be only used for the sole use of the Division of Motor Vehicles or its agent, law enforcement and the judiciary to effectuate the provisions of this article; and

(4) Utilize open and agreed upon data and data transmission standards and standard SML extensible markup language schema.

(e) If the commissioner develops and implements an on-line insurance verification program, each insurer shall:

(1) Cooperate with the Division of Motor Vehicles, or its agent in establishing and operating the program;

(2) Maintain the data necessary to verify the existence of mandatory liability insurance coverage provided to its customers pursuant to the required time period established for the on-line insurance verification program;

(3) Maintain the internet web service, pursuant to the requirements established under the online insurance verification program, through which online insurance verification can take place that includes the ability to respond to authorized inquiries on whether the vehicle is insured or the policy in effect on the requested date through the insurer's national insurance commissioners association code, vehicle identification number, insurance policy number or other data key or keys as otherwise agreed to by the division or its agent and the insurer;

(4) Provide security consistent with accepted insurance industry and United States motor vehicle agency standards pertinent to the transmission of personal data;

(5) Be immune from civil and administrative liability for good faith efforts to comply with the terms of the verification program; and

(6) As a condition of writing motor vehicle liability insurance in this state, insurance carriers shall cooperate with the division or its agent and the insurance commission in establishing and maintaining an insurance verification system. Nothing prohibits an insurer from using the services of a third party vendor for facilitating the insurance verification program required by this section.

(f) If the commissioner develops and implements an on-line insurance verification program, the Division of Motor Vehicles or its agent as applicable shall:

(1) Consult and cooperate with insurers in establishing and operating the on-line insurance verification system;

(2) Designate and maintain a contact person for insurers during the establishment and implementation of the on-line insurance verification system;

(3) Conduct a pilot project to test the insurance verification system no less than eighteen months prior to final implementation;

(4) Establish and maintain the systems necessary to make verification requests to insurers using the data elements that the Division of Motor Vehicles or its agent and the insurer have agreed upon and are necessary to receive accurate responses from insurers;

(5) For all information transmitted and received, implement and maintain strict system and data security measures consistent with applicable standards. Data secured via the reporting system by either the division or its agent may not be shared with any party other than those permitted by state or federal privacy laws;

(6) Be responsible for keeping all interested state agencies informed on the implementation status, functionality, and planned or unplanned service interruptions; and

(7) Provide alternative methods of reporting for small insurers writing less than 500 non-commercial motor vehicle policies in the state as determined by the Division of Motor Vehicles or its agent;

(g) Any information obtained by the division or its agent under the provisions of an electronic insurance system is for the sole use of the Division of Motor Vehicles or its agent, law enforcement and the judiciary to effectuate the provisions of this article and is exempt from disclosure under the provisions of article one, chapter twenty-nine-b and may not be considered a public record as defined in section two, article one, chapter twenty-nine-b of this code.

(h) Not more than two years after the establishment of an on-line insurance verification program, the Division of Motor Vehicles, after consultation with insurers, shall report to the Legislature as to the costs of the program incurred by the division, insurers and the public and the effectiveness of the program in reducing the number of uninsured motor vehicles.

WVC 17 D- 2 A- 7 §17D-2A-7. Suspension or revocation of license, registration; reinstatement.
(a) Any owner of a motor vehicle, subject to the provisions of this article, who fails to have the required security in effect at the time such vehicle is registered or being operated upon the roads or highways shall have his or her driver's license suspended by the commissioner of the division of motor vehicles and shall have his or her motor vehicle registration revoked as follows:

(1) For the first offense, the commissioner shall suspend the driver's license and vehicle registration until such time as he or she presents current proof of insurance on all currently registered vehicles: Provided, That if an owner complies with the provisions of this subdivision, and pays a penalty fee of $200 before the effective date, the driver's license suspension of thirty days shall not be imposed and the vehicle registration revocation shall be not imposed and no reinstatement fees are required.

(2) For the second offense within five years, the commissioner shall suspend the owner's driver's license for a period of thirty days and shall revoke the owner's vehicle registration until he or she presents to the Division of Motor Vehicles the proof of security required by this article.

(3) For the third or subsequent offense within five years, the commissioner shall suspend the owner's driver's license for a period of ninety days and revoke the vehicle registration until such time as he or she presents current proof of insurance.

(4) If the motor vehicle is titled and registered in more than one name, the commissioner shall suspend the driver's license of only one of the owners.

(b) Any person who knowingly operates a motor vehicle upon the roads or highways of this state which does not have the security required by the provisions of this article shall have his or her driver's license suspended by the commissioner subject to the following:

(1) For the first offense, the commissioner shall suspend the driver's license until such time as he or she presents current proof of insurance on all currently registered vehicles: Provided, That if a driver complies with the provisions of this section and pays a penalty fee of $200 before the effective date of the driver's license suspension, the thirty day driver's license suspension shall not be imposed and no reinstatement fees are required.

(2) For the second offense within five years, the commissioner shall suspend the driver's license for a period of thirty days.

(3) For the third or subsequent offense within five years, the commissioner shall suspend the person's driver's license for a period of ninety days.

(c) A person's driver's license shall be suspended in accordance with subsection(b) of this section if the person is operating a motor vehicle designated for off-highway use upon the roads and highways of this state without the required security in effect.

(d) The commissioner may withdraw a suspension of a driver's license or revocation of a motor vehicle registration and refund any penalty or reinstatement fees at any time provided that the commissioner is satisfied that there was not a violation of the provisions of required security related to operation of a motor vehicle upon the roads or highways of this state by such person. The commissioner may request additional information as needed in order to make such determination.

(e) A person may not have his or her driver's license suspended or motor vehicle registration revoked under any provisions of this section unless he or she and any lienholder noted on the certificate of title shall is first given written notice of such suspension or revocation sent by certified mail, at least thirty days prior to the effective date of such suspension or revocation, and upon that person's written request, he or she shall be afforded an opportunity for a hearing thereupon as well as a stay of the commissioner's order of suspension or revocation and an opportunity for judicial review of such hearing. The request for a hearing shall be made within ten days from the date of receipt of the notice of driver's license suspension or motor vehicle registration revocation. The scope of the hearing is limited to questions of identity or whether or not there was insurance in effect at the time of the event causing the commissioner's action. Upon affirmation of the commissioner's order, the period of suspension, revocation or other penalty commences to run.

(f) A suspended driver's license is reinstated following the period of suspension upon compliance with the conditions set forth in this article and a revoked motor vehicle registration is reissued only upon lawful compliance with the provisions of this article.

(g) Revocation of a motor vehicle registration pursuant to this section does not affect the perfection or priority of a lien or security interest attaching to the motor vehicle that is noted on the certificate of title to the motor vehicle.

(h) Any owner or driver of a motor vehicle determined by an electronic insurance verification program to be uninsured shall be assessed the same criminal and administrative sanctions prescribed in this chapter subject to the following:

(1) Any person who is assessed a penalty prescribed by this section has the same procedural due process provided by this chapter or by rules promulgated by the division to show that there was not a violation and provide for the exoneration of any penalties or records; and

(2) The commissioner may accept a binder, an identification card or a declaration page from a policy as evidence of insurance pending electronic verification to stay a pending administrative sanction.

WVC 17 D- 2 A- 8 §17D-2A-8. Rules.
The Commissioner of the Division of Motor Vehicles is hereby authorized to promulgate rules, in accordance with chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, for the administration, operation and enforcement of the provisions of this article. Any rules or procedures which pertain to an electronic insurance verification program shall be consistent with the provisions and intent of the standards and specifications of the Insurance Industry Committee for Motor Vehicle Administration Model.

WVC 17 D- 2 A- 9 §17D-2A-9. Criminal penalty.
In addition to any administrative penalty provided for violation of any provision of this article, any person who violates any provision of this article for which another penalty is not provided in this article is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than two hundred dollars nor more than five thousand dollars, or confined in the county or regional jail not less than fifteen days nor more than one year, or both.

The arrest procedures authorized in section four, article nineteen, chapter seventeen-c of this code shall apply to the enforcement of the provisions of this article.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
The WV Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.


Recent legislation affecting the Code

Citation Year/Session Short Title
§17 D- 2 A- 2 - (Amended Code)
§17 D- 2 A- 5 - (Amended Code)
§17 D- 2 A- 7 - (Amended Code)
SENATE BILL - 427
PASSED - Regular Session

SB427 SUB1 ENR  (Uploaded - 03/25/2014)
Relating to motor vehicle insurance
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
The WV Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.
This Web site is maintained by the West Virginia Legislature's Office of Reference & Information.  |  Terms of Use  |   Web Administrator   |   © 2014 West Virginia Legislature ***