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WEST VIRGINIA CODE
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WVC 59- CHAPTER 59. FEES, ALLOWANCES AND COSTS;
NEWSPAPERS; LEGAL ADVERTISEMENTS.


WVC -1- ARTICLE 1. FEES AND ALLOWANCES.


WVC 59-1-1 §59-1-1. Fee for use of state seal.
Except when the seal is used on the papers of a requisition issued by the governor for the return of a fugitive from justice, or when the seal of the state is affixed to any certificate, credential or commission of a public officer, and except in cases where it is otherwise provided by law, there shall be a tax of one dollar whenever the seal of the state is affixed to any paper, which tax shall be paid to the secretary of state, and by him paid into the treasury of the state.


WVC 59 - 1 - 2 §59-1-2. Fees to be charged by Secretary of State.

     (a) Except as may be otherwise provided in this code, the Secretary of State shall charge for services rendered in his or her office the following fees to be paid by the person to whom the service is rendered at the time it is done:

     (1) For filing, recording, indexing, preserving a record of and issuing a certificate relating to the formation, amendment, change of name, registration of trade name, merger, consolidation, conversion, renewal, dissolution, termination, cancellation, withdrawal revocation and reinstatement of business entities organized within the state, as follows:

     (A) Articles of incorporation of for-profit corporation, $50;

     (B) Articles of incorporation of nonprofit corporation, $25;

     (C) Articles of organization of limited liability company, $100;

     (D) Agreement of a general partnership, $50;

     (E) Certificate of a limited partnership, $100;

     (F) Agreement of a voluntary association, $50;

     (G) Articles of organization of a business trust, $50;

     (H) Amendment or correction of articles of incorporation, including change of name or increase of capital stock, in addition to any applicable license tax, $25;

     (I) Amendment or correction, including change of name, of articles of organization of business trust, limited liability partnership, limited liability company or professional limited liability company or of certificate of limited partnership or agreement of voluntary association, $25;

     (J) Amendment and restatement of articles of incorporation, certificate of limited partnership, agreement of voluntary association or articles of organization of limited liability partnership, limited liability company or professional limited liability company or business trust, $25;

     (K) Registration of trade name, otherwise designated as a true name, fictitious name or D.B.A. (doing business as) name for any domestic business entity as permitted by law, $25;

     (L) Articles of merger of two corporations, limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships, limited liability companies or professional limited liability companies, voluntary associations or business trusts, $25, and for each additional party to the merger in excess of two, $5;

     (M) Statement of conversion, when permitted, from one business entity into another business entity, in addition to the cost of filing the appropriate documents to organize the surviving entity, $25;

     (N) Articles of dissolution of a corporation, voluntary association or business trust or statement of dissolution of a general partnership, $25;

     (O) Revocation of voluntary dissolution of a corporation, voluntary association or business trust, $15;

     (P) Articles of termination of a limited liability company, cancellation of a limited partnership or statement of withdrawal of limited liability partnership, $25; and

     (Q) Reinstatement of a domestic or foreign limited liability company, a professional limited liability company or a domestic or foreign corporation after administrative dissolution or revocation, $25.

     (2) For filing, recording, indexing, preserving a record of and issuing a certificate relating to the registration, amendment, change of name, merger, consolidation, conversion, renewal, withdrawal or termination within this state of business entities organized in other states or countries, as follows:

     (A) Certificate of authority of for-profit corporation, $100;

     (B) Certificate of authority of nonprofit corporation, $50;

     (C) Certificate of authority of foreign limited liability companies, $150;

     (D) Certificate of exemption from certificate of authority, $25;

     (E) Registration of a general partnership, $50;

     (F) Registration of a limited partnership, $150;

     (G) Registration of a limited liability partnership for two- year term, $500;

     (H) Registration of a voluntary association, $50;

     (I) Registration of a trust or business trust, $50;

     (J) Amendment or correction of certificate of authority of a foreign corporation, including change of name or increase of capital stock, in addition to any applicable license tax, $25;

     (K) Amendment or correction of certificate of limited partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company or professional limited liability company, voluntary association or business trust, $25;

     (L) Registration of trade name, otherwise designated as a true name, fictitious name or D.B.A. (doing business as) name for any foreign business entity as permitted by law, $25;

     (M) Amendment and restatement of certificate of authority or of registration of a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company or professional limited liability company, voluntary association or business trust, $25;

     (N) Articles of merger of two corporations, limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships, limited liability companies or professional limited liability companies, voluntary associations or business trusts, $25, and for each addition party to the merger in excess of two, $5;

     (O) Statement of conversion, when permitted, from one business entity into another business entity, in addition to the cost of filing the appropriate articles or certificate to organize the surviving entity, $25; and

     (P) Certificate of withdrawal or cancellation of a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company, voluntary association or business trust, $25.

     Notwithstanding any other provision of this section to the contrary, after June 13, 2008, the fees described in this subdivision that are collected for the issuance of a certificate relating to the initial registration of a corporation, limited partnership, domestic limited liability company or foreign limited liability company shall be deposited in the general administrative fees account established by this section.

     (3) For receiving, filing and recording a change of the principal or designated office, change of the agent of process and/or change of officers, directors, partners, members or managers, as the case may be, of a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company or other business entity as provided by law, $15.

     (4) For receiving, filing and preserving a reservation of a name for each one hundred twenty days or for any other period in excess of seven days prescribed by law for a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability partnership or limited liability company, $15.

     (5) For issuing a certificate relating to a corporation or other business entity, as follows:

     (A) Certificate of good standing of a domestic or foreign corporation, $10;

     (B) Certificate of existence of a domestic limited liability company, and certificate of authorization foreign limited liability company, $10;

     (C) Certificate of existence of any business entity, trademark or service mark registered with the Secretary of State, $10;

     (D) Certified copy of corporate charter or comparable organizing documents for other business entities, $15;

     (E) Plus, for each additional amendment, restatement or other additional document, $5;

     (F) Certificate of registration of the name of a foreign corporation, limited liability company, limited partnership or limited liability partnership, $25;

     (G) For the annual renewal of the name registration, $10; and

     (H) Any other certificate not specified in this subdivision, $10.

     (6) For issuing a certificate other than those relating to business entities, as provided in this subsection, as follows:

     (A) Certificate or apostille relating to the authority of certain public officers, including the membership of boards and commissions, $10;

     (B) For each additional certificate pertaining to the same transaction, $5;

     (C) Any other certificate not specified in this subdivision, $10;

     (D) For acceptance, indexing and recordation of service of process any corporation, limited partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company, voluntary association, business trust, insurance company, person or other entity as permitted by law, $15;

     (E) For shipping and handling expenses for execution of service of process by certified mail upon any defendant within the United States, which fee is to be deposited to the special revenue account established in this section for the operation of the office of the Secretary of State, $5; and

     (F) For shipping and handling expenses for execution of service of process upon any defendant outside the United States by registered mail, which fee is to be deposited to the special revenue account established in this section for the operation of the office of the Secretary of State, $15.

     (7) For a search of records of the office conducted by employees of or at the expense of the Secretary of State upon request, as follows:

     (A) For any search of archival records maintained at sites other than the office of the Secretary of State, no less than $10;

     (B) For searches of archival records maintained at sites other than the office of the Secretary of State which require more than one hour, for each hour or fraction of an hour consumed in making such search, $10;

     (C) For any search of records maintained on site for the purpose of obtaining copies of documents or printouts of data, $5;

     (D) For any search of records maintained in electronic format which requires special programming to be performed by the state information services agency or other vendor any actual cost but not less than, $25, which cost is in addition to the cost of any copies of printouts prepared or any certificate issued pursuant to or based on the search; and

     (E) For recording any paper for which no specific fee is prescribed, $5.

     (8) For producing and providing photocopies or printouts of electronic data of specific records upon request, as follows:

     (A) For a copy of any paper or printout of electronic data, if one sheet, $1;

     (B) For each sheet after the first, $.50;

     (C) For sending the copies or lists by fax transmission, $5;

     (D) For producing and providing photocopies of lists, reports, guidelines and other documents produced in multiple copies for general public use, a publication price to be established by the Secretary of State at a rate approximating $2 plus $.10 per page and rounded to the nearest dollar; and

     (E) For electronic copies of records obtained in data format on disk, the cost of the record in the least expensive available printed format, plus, for each required disk, which shall be provided by the Secretary of State, $5.

     (b) The Secretary of State may propose legislative rules for promulgation for charges for on-line electronic access to database information or other information maintained by the Secretary of State.

     (c) For any other work or service not enumerated in this subsection, the fee prescribed elsewhere in this code or a rule promulgated under the authority of this code.

     (d) The records maintained by the Secretary of State are prepared and indexed at the expense of the state and those records may not be obtained for commercial resale without the written agreement of the state to a contract including reimbursement to the state for each instance of resale.

     (e) The Secretary of State may provide printed or electronic information free of charge as he or she considers necessary and efficient for the purpose of informing the general public or the news media.

     (f) There is hereby continued in the State Treasury a special revenue account to be known as the "service fees and collections" account. Expenditures from the account shall be used for the operation of the office of the Secretary of State and are not authorized from collections but are to be made only in accordance with appropriation by the Legislature and in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twelve of this code and upon the fulfillment of the provisions set forth in article two, chapter five-a of this code. Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary, except as provided in subsection (h) of this section and section two-a of this article, one half of all the fees and service charges established in the following sections and for the following purposes shall be deposited by the Secretary of State or other collecting agency to that special revenue account and used for the operation of the office of the Secretary of State:

     (1) The annual attorney-in-fact fee for corporations and limited partnerships established in section five, article twelve-c, chapter eleven of this code;

     (2) The fees received for the sale of the State Register, Code of State Rules and other copies established by rule and authorized by section seven, article two, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code;

     (3) The registration fees, late fees and legal settlements charged for registration and enforcement of the charitable organizations and professional solicitations established in sections five, nine and fifteen-b, article nineteen, chapter twenty-nine of this code;

     (4) The annual attorney-in-fact fee for limited liability companies as designated in section one hundred eight, article one, chapter thirty-one-b of this code and established in section two hundred eleven, article two of said chapter. After June 30, 2008, the annual report fees designated in section one hundred eight, article one, chapter thirty-one-b of this code shall upon collection be deposited in the general administrative fees account described in subsection (h) of this section;

     (5) The filing fees and search and copying fees for uniform commercial code transactions established by section five hundred twenty-five, article nine, chapter forty-six of this code;

     (6) The annual attorney-in-fact fee for licensed insurers established in section twelve, article four, chapter thirty-three of this code;

     (7) The fees for the application and record maintenance of all notaries public established by section one hundred seven, article one, chapter twenty-nine-c of this code;

     (8) The fees for the application and record maintenance of commissioners for West Virginia as established by section twelve, article four, chapter twenty-nine of this code;

     (9) The fees for registering credit service organizations as established by section five, article six-c, chapter forty-six-a of this code;

     (10) The fees for registering and renewing a West Virginia limited liability partnership as established by section one, article ten, chapter forty-seven-b of this code;

     (11) The filing fees for the registration and renewal of trademarks and service marks established in section seventeen, article two, chapter forty-seven of this code;

     (12) All fees for services, the sale of photocopies and data maintained at the expense of the Secretary of State as provided in this section; and

     (13) All registration, license and other fees collected by the Secretary of State not specified in this section.

     (g) Any balance in the service fees and collections account established by this section which exceeds $500,000 as of June 30, 2003, and each year thereafter, expires to the state fund, General Revenue Fund.

     (h) (1) Effective July 1, 2008, there is hereby created in the State Treasury a special revenue account to be known as the general administrative fees account. Expenditures from the account shall be used for the operation of the Office of the Secretary of State and are not authorized from collections but are to be made only in accordance with appropriation by the Legislature and in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twelve of this code and upon the fulfillment of the provisions set forth in article two, chapter eleven-b of this code. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, expenditures are authorized from collections rather than pursuant to an appropriation by the Legislature. Any balance in the account at the end of each fiscal year shall not revert to the General Revenue Fund but shall remain in the fund and be expended as provided by this subsection.

     (2) After June 30, 2008, all the fees and service charges established in section two-a of this article for the following purposes shall be collected and deposited by the Secretary of State or other collecting agency in the general administrative fees account and used for the operation of the Office of the Secretary of State:

     (A) The annual report fees paid to the Secretary of State by corporations, limited partnerships, domestic limited liability companies and foreign limited liability companies;

     (B) The fees for the issuance of a certificate relating to the initial registration of a corporation, limited partnership, domestic limited liability company or foreign limited liability company described in subdivision (2), subsection (a) of this section; and

     (C) The fees for the purchase of date and updates related to the state's Business Organizations Database described in section two-a of this article.

     (i) There is continued in the office of the Secretary of State a noninterest bearing, escrow account to be known as the "prepaid fees and services account". This account is for the purpose of allowing customers of the Secretary of State to prepay for services, with payment to be held in escrow until services are rendered. Payments deposited in the account shall remain in the account until services are rendered by the Secretary of State and at that time the fees will be reallocated to the appropriate general or special revenue accounts. There shall be no fee charged by the Secretary of State to the customer for the use of this account and the customer may request the return of any moneys maintained in the account at any time without penalty. The assets of the prepaid fees and services account do not constitute public funds of the state and are available solely for carrying out the purposes of this section.
WVC 59 - 1 - 2 A §59-1-2a. Annual business fees to be paid to the Secretary of State; filing of annual reports; purchase of data.

     (a) Definitions. -- As used in this section:

     (1) "Annual report fee" means the fee described in subsection (c) of this section that is to be paid to the Secretary of State each year by corporations, limited partnerships, domestic limited liability companies and foreign limited liability companies. After June 30, 2008, any reference in this code to a fee paid to the Secretary of State for services as a statutory attorney in fact shall mean the annual report fee described in this section.

     (2) "Business activity" means all activities engaged in or caused to be engaged in with the object of gain or economic benefit, direct or indirect, but does not mean any of the activities of foreign corporations enumerated in subsection (b), section one thousand five hundred one, article fifteen, chapter thirty-one-d of this code, except for the activity of conducting affairs in interstate commerce when activity occurs in this state, nor does it mean any of the activities of foreign limited liability companies enumerated in subsection (a), section one thousand three, article ten, chapter thirty-one-b of this code except for the activity of conducting affairs in interstate commerce when activity occurs in this state.

     (3) "Corporation" means a "domestic corporation", a "foreign corporation" or a "nonprofit corporation".

     (4) "Deliver or delivery" means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including, but not limited to, delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery and electronic transmission.

     (5) "Domestic corporation" means a corporation for profit which is not a foreign corporation incorporated under or subject to chapter thirty-one-d of this code.

     (6) "Domestic limited liability company" means a limited liability company which is not a foreign limited liability company under or subject to chapter thirty-one-b of this code.

     (7) "Foreign corporation" means a for-profit corporation incorporated under a law other than the laws of this state.

     (8) "Foreign limited liability company" means a limited liability company organized under a law other than the laws of this state.

     (9) "Limited partnership" means a partnership as defined by section one, article nine, chapter forty-seven of this code.

     (10) "Nonprofit corporation" means a nonprofit corporation as defined by section one hundred fifty, article one, chapter thirty- one-e of this code.

     (11) "Registration fee" means the fee for the issuance of a certificate relating to the initial registration of a corporation, limited partnership, domestic limited liability company or foreign limited liability company described in subdivision (2), subsection (a), section two of this article. The term "initial registration" also means the date upon which the registration fee is paid.

     (b) Required payment of annual report fee and filing of annual report. -- After June 30, 2008, no corporation, limited partnership, domestic limited liability company or foreign limited liability company may engage in any business activity in this state without paying the annual report fee and filing the annual report as required by this section.

     (c) Annual report fee. -- After June 30, 2008, each corporation, limited partnership, domestic limited liability company and foreign limited liability company engaged in or authorized to do business in this state shall pay an annual report fee of $25 for the services of the Secretary of State as attorney- in-fact for the corporation, limited partnership, domestic limited liability company or foreign limited liability company, and for such other administrative services as may be imposed by law upon the Secretary of State. The fee is due and payable each year after the initial registration of the corporation, limited partnership, domestic limited liability company or foreign limited liability company with the annual report described in subsection (d) of this section on or before the dates specified in subsection (e) of this section. The fee is due and payable each year with the annual report from corporations, limited partnerships, domestic limited liability companies and foreign limited liability companies that paid the registration fee prior to July 1, 2008, on or before the dates specified in subsection (e) of this section. The annual report fees received by the Secretary of State pursuant to this subsection shall be deposited by the Secretary of State in the general administrative fees account established by section two of this article.

     (d) Annual report. -- (1) After June 30, 2008, each corporation, limited partnership, domestic limited liability company and foreign limited liability company engaged in or authorized to do business in this state shall file an annual report. The report is due each year after the initial registration of the corporation, limited partnership, domestic limited liability company or foreign limited liability company with the annual report fee described in subsection (c) of this section on or before the dates specified in subsection (e) of this section. The report is due each year from corporations, limited partnerships, domestic limited liability companies and foreign limited liability companies that paid the registration fee prior to July 1, 2008, on or before the dates specified in subsection (e) of this section.

     (2) (A) The annual report shall be filed with the Secretary of State on forms provided by the Secretary of State for that purpose. The annual report shall, in the case of corporations, contain: (i) The address of the corporation's principal office; (ii) the names and mailing addresses of its officers and directors; (iii) the name and mailing address of the person on whom notice of process may be served; (iv) the name and address of the corporation's parent corporation and of each subsidiary of the corporation licensed to do business in this state; (v) in the case of limited partnerships domestic limited liability companies and foreign limited liability companies, similar information with respect to their principal or controlling interests as determined by the Secretary of State or otherwise required by law to be reported to the Secretary of State; (vi) the county or county code in which the principal office address or mailing address of the company is located; (vii) business class code; and (viii) any other information the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

     (B) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the Secretary of State shall, upon request of any person, disclose, with respect to corporations: (i) The address of the corporation's principal office; (ii) the names and addresses of its officers and directors; (iii) the name and mailing address of the person on whom notice of process may be served; (iv) the name and address of each subsidiary of the corporation and the corporation's parent corporation; (v) the county or county code in which the principal office address or mailing address of the company is located; and (vi) the business class code. The Secretary of State shall provide similar information with respect to information in its possession relating to limited partnerships domestic limited liability companies and foreign limited liability companies, similar information with respect to their principal or controlling interests.

     (e) Annual reports and fees due July 1. -- Each domestic and foreign corporation, limited partnership, limited liability company and foreign limited liability company shall file with the Secretary of State the annual report and pay the annual report fee by July 1 of each year.

     (f) Deposit of fees. -- The annual report fees received by the Secretary of State pursuant to this section shall be deposited by the Secretary of State in the general administrative fees account established by section two, article one, chapter fifty-nine of this code.

     (g) (1) Duty to pay. -- It shall be the duty of each corporation, limited partnership, limited liability company and foreign limited liability company required to pay the annual report fees imposed under this article, to remit them with a properly completed annual report to the Secretary of State, and if it fails to do so it shall be subject to the late fees prescribed in subsection (h) of this article and dissolution or revocation, pursuant to this code: Provided, That before dissolution or revocation for failure to pay fees may occur, the Secretary of State shall notify the entity by certified mail, return receipt requested, of its failure to pay, all late fees or bad check fees associated with the failure to pay and the date upon which dissolution or revocation will occur if all fees are not paid in full. The certified mail required by this subdivision shall be postmarked at least thirty days before the dissolution or revocation date listed in the notice.

     (2) Bad check fee. -- If any corporation, limited partnership, limited liability company or foreign limited liability company submits payment by check or money order for the annual report fee imposed under this article and the check or money order is rejected because there are insufficient funds in the account or the account is closed, the Secretary of State shall assess a bad check fee to the corporation, limited partnership, limited liability company or foreign limited liability company that is equivalent to the service charge paid by the Secretary of State due to the rejected check or money order. The bad check fee assessed under this subdivision shall be deposited into the account or accounts from which the Secretary of State paid the service charge.

     (h) Late fees. -- (1) The following late fees shall be in addition to any other penalties and remedies available elsewhere in this code:

     (A) Administrative late fee. -- The Secretary of State shall assess upon each corporation, limited partnership, limited liability company and foreign limited liability company delinquent in the payment of an annual report fee or the filing of an annual report an administrative late fee in the amount of $50.

     (B) Administrative late fees for nonprofit corporations. -- The Secretary of State shall assess each nonprofit corporation delinquent in the payment of an annual report fee or the filing of an annual report an administrative late fee in the amount of $25.

     (2) The Secretary of State shall deposit the first $25,000 of fees collected under this subsection into the general administrative fees account established in subsection (h), section two of this article, and shall deposit any additional fees collected under this section into the General Revenue Fund of the state.

     (i) Reports to Tax Commissioner; suspension, cancellation or withholding of business registration certificate. --

     (1) The Secretary of State shall, within twenty days after the close of each month, make a report to the Tax Commissioner for the preceding month, in which he or she shall set out the name of every business entity to which he or she issued a certificate to conduct business in the State of West Virginia during that month. The report shall set out the names and addresses all corporations, limited partnerships, limited liability companies and foreign limited liability companies to which he or she issued certificates of change of name or of change of location of principal office, dissolution, withdrawal or merger. If the Secretary of State fails to make the report, it shall be the duty of the Tax Commissioner to report such failure to the Governor. A writ of mandamus shall lie for correction of such failure.

     (2) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this code to the contrary, upon receipt of notice from the Secretary of State that a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability company and foreign limited liability company is more than thirty days delinquent in the payment of annual report fees or in the filing of an annual report required by this section, the Tax Commissioner may suspend, cancel or withhold a business registration certificate issued to or applied for by the delinquent corporation, limited partnership, limited liability company or foreign limited liability company until the same is paid and filed in the manner provided for the suspension, cancellation or withholding of business registration certificates for other reasons under article twelve, chapter eleven of this code.

     (j) Purchase of data. -- The Secretary of State will provide electronically, for purchase, any data maintained in the Secretary of State's Business Organizations Database. For the electronic purchase of the entire Business Organizations Database, the cost is $12,000. For the purchase of the monthly updates of the Business Organizations Database, the cost is $1,000 per month. The fees received by the Secretary of State pursuant to this subsection shall be deposited by the Secretary of State in the general administrative fees account established by section two, article one, chapter fifty-nine of this code.

     (k) The Secretary of State is authorized to collect the service fee per transaction, if any, charged for an online service from any customer who purchases data or conducts transactions through an online service.

     (l) Rules. -- The Secretary of State may propose legislative rules for promulgation pursuant to article three, chapter twenty- nine-a of this code to implement this article, and may, pending promulgation of those rules, promulgate emergency rules pursuant to those provisions for those purposes.
WVC 59 - 1 - 2 B §59-1-2b. Purchase of voter registration lists and election data;   fees.

  (a) Except as may be otherwise provided in this code, the Secretary of State shall charge the following fees for data originating in the statewide voter registration system to be paid by the person for whom the service is rendered at the time it is performed:

  (1) Election Cycle Subscription Service        $6,000

  (2) Statewide Voter Registration List         $500

  (3) Master Voter History List Export         $500

  (4) Statewide Early Voters List         $200

  (5) Statewide Absentee Requests List         $200

  (6) Statewide Absentee Received List         $200

  (7) Partial Voter Registration List         Current hourly rate

  (8) Voter History List         Current hourly rate

  (9) Complex Research Query         Current hourly rate

     (b) For the purposes of this section, "Election Cycle Subscription Service" includes:

     (1) Statewide Registered Voter List updated monthly throughout the year and updated daily starting thirty days prior to election day through election day;

     (2) Master Voter History List Export following certification of the primary, general and odd-year elections;

     (3) Statewide All Mail-in Absentee Request List and Statewide Public Received Mail-in Absentee List for the primary, general and odd-year elections, updated daily starting thirty days prior to election day through ten days following election day; and

     (4) Statewide Early Voters List for the primary, general and odd-year elections, updated daily starting on the first day of early voting through election day.

     (c) At the time that a request is made under subdivision (7), (8) or (9) of subsection (a) of this section, the current hourly rate, as determined by the Secretary of State, shall be communicated to the prospective purchaser along with an estimate of the number of hours needed to fulfill the request before any list is compiled.

     (d) Net proceeds from the sale of data originating in the statewide voter registration system, along with any interest on such funds, shall be deposited into the State Election Fund as set forth in subsection (b), section forty-eight, article one, chapter three of this code.
WVC 59-1-3 §59-1-3. Fees to be charged by auditor.
The auditor shall charge for services rendered in his office the following fees to be paid by the person to whom the service is rendered at the time it is done:

Land grants not exceeding five hundred words$1.50

For each additional five hundred words or fractional

part thereof1.00

For certificate of redemption, where taxes and interest

are five dollars and under1.00

For certificate of redemption, where taxes and interest

are over five and under twenty dollars 1.50

For certificate of redemption, where taxes and interest

are over twenty dollars2.00

For making search as to title, etc., when not over one

hour 2.50

For each additional hour2.00

For transcript of records and certifying to same when

not over one hundred words1.50

For each additional one hundred words .25

For a certificate of reinstatement of corporation

charter 5.00


WVC 59 - 1 - 4 §59-1-4. Fees collected by Secretary of State, Auditor and Clerk of Supreme Court of Appeals to be paid into State Treasury; accounts; reports.
     Except as otherwise provided by law, the fees to be charged by the Auditor, Secretary of State and Clerk of the Supreme Court of Appeals, by virtue of this article or any other law, are the property of the State of West Virginia. The Auditor, Secretary of State and Clerk of the Supreme Court of Appeals shall account for and pay into the State Treasury at least once every thirty days all fees collected or appearing to be due to the state, to the credit of the general state fund or other fund as provided by law. The Auditor, Secretary of State and Clerk of the Supreme Court of Appeals shall each keep a complete and accurate itemized account of all fees collected by them and the nature of the services rendered for which all fees were charged and collected, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, as provided in article two, chapter five-a of this code. All accounts shall be open to inspection and audit as provided in article two, chapter four of this code.
WVC 59-1-5 §59-1-5. Violations of preceding section.
Any wilful violation of the preceding section by the auditor, secretary of state or clerk of the supreme court of appeals, or any wilful failure by either of them to make the reports or pay over the money or keep the accounts as provided for in the preceding section, shall be deemed a felony, and, upon conviction thereof the party offending shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars, and confined in the penitentiary for a period of not more than ten years.


WVC 59-1-6 §59-1-6. Fees to be charged by surveyors.
Surveyors may charge the following fees:

For all surveying actually done (unless by special

contract), for the first one hundred poles, or

any less distance, long measure, per pole$.01

After the first one hundred poles, long measure, per

pole .005

For tracing and examining old surveys to ascertain the true lines, their distance and courses, or for doing surveying in and about any mines, cities, towns or villages, the surveyor may charge $5.00 for every day necessarily so employed, in lieu of charging by the pole: Provided, That nothing in this section shall prevent any party having surveying done from making a contract for a different compensation. For calculating the

quantity for less than six courses or lines .50

When land is divided, for calculating each division,

if less than six courses .50

For every course or line of more than six courses .03

For making a plat of six courses, or less .50

For every course more than six .03

For recording a plat and certificate, if not more than

six courses .50

For every course above six .03

For a copy of a plat and certificate, where there are not

more than six courses .50

For every course above six .03

For a copy of an entry .50

For every search where no copy is required .25

For giving receipt for any paper .15

For traveling to the place of surveying and returning,

per mile .05

If surveying be done at different places, on the same tour, the mileage shall be apportioned among the different surveys according to their distance from the residence of the surveyor or deputy and each other, so that the surveyor shall not receive more than five cents a mile for going and returning for any one trip.


WVC 59-1-7 §59-1-7. Fees to be charged by notaries public.
A notary public may charge the following fees:

When there is a protest by him, for the record thereof, making out instrument of protest under his official seal and notice of dishonor to one person besides

the maker of a note or acceptor of a bill$1.00

For every additional notice .10

For taking and certifying the acknowledgment of any deed

or writing.50

For administering and certifying an oath, unless it be the

affidavit of a witness25

For taking and certifying affidavits or depositions of

witnesses, at the rate, for each hour actually employed

in taking the same, of .75

For other services, where no specific fee is prescribed the same fees as are allowed by law to the clerk of the circuit court for similar services.


WVC 59-1-8 §59-1-8. Compensation of commissioners of courts.
A commissioner, except where it is otherwise specially provided, shall be allowed for any service such compensation as the court of which he is commissioner may from time to time prescribe. The commissioner shall indicate to the court, in writing, the compensation he believes he is entitled to receive for services performed.

A commissioner shall not be compelled to make out or return a report until his compensation therefor be paid or security given him to pay so much as may be adjudged right by the court to whom the report is to be returned, or, if it be a circuit court or court of limited jurisdiction, by the judge thereof in vacation, unless the court or judge see cause to order it to be made out and returned without such payment or security, and shall so order.


WVC 59-1-9 §59-1-9. Compensation of fiduciary commissioners; procedure for approving.
The county commission shall promulgate by order a schedule of fees or a rate of compensation for the guidance of fiduciary commissioners, based upon the actual time spent and actual services rendered, or both a schedule and a rate of compensation as the commissioners may deem appropriate: Provided, That no fee may be based solely upon the amount of the estate. A copy of these fees or rates shall be posted in a conspicuous place in the county courthouse.

The fiduciary commissioner shall submit to the commission an itemized statement of services rendered and time expended in the settling of every estate, along with a statement of fees charged therefor. The county commission shall review all fees charged by a fiduciary commissioner, and shall approve, disapprove or modify the fee as it may deem appropriate. In reviewing any fee the county commission shall consider the following: (1) The time and labor expended; (2) the difficulty of the questions raised; (3) the skill required to perform properly the services rendered; (4) the customary fee for like work; and (5) any time limitations imposed by the personal representative, any beneficiary, or by the attendant circumstances.


WVC 59 - 1 - 10 §59-1-10. Fees to be charged by clerk of county commission.

     For the purpose of this section, the word "page" is defined as being a paper or electronic writing of not more than legal size, 8 1/2" x 14".

     (a) When a writing is admitted to record, for receiving proof of acknowledgment thereof, entering an order in connection therewith, endorsing clerk's certificate of recordation thereon and indexing in a proper index, the clerk of the county commission shall charge and collect the following fees:

     (1) Fifteen dollars for a deed of conveyance (with or without a plat), trust deed, fixture filing or security agreement concerning real estate lease.

     (2) Forty dollars for a trustee's report of sale for any property for which additional information and filing requirements are required by section eight-a, article one, chapter thirty-eight of this code. Twenty dollars of each recording fee received pursuant to this subdivision shall be deposited into the county's General Revenue Fund and $20 paid quarterly by the clerk of the county commission to the West Virginia Housing Development Fund established in article eighteen, chapter thirty-one of this code.

     (3) Ten dollars for a financing, continuation, termination or other statement or writing permitted to be filed under chapter forty-six of this code.

     (4) Ten dollars for a plat or map (with no deed of conveyance).

     (5) No charge for a service discharge record.

     (6) Ten dollars for any document or writing other than those referenced in subdivisions (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5) of this subsection.

     (7) One dollar for each additional page for documents or writings containing more than five pages.

     For any of the documents admitted to record pursuant to this subsection, if the clerk of the county commission has the technology available to receive these documents in electronic form or other media, the clerk shall set a reasonable fee to record these writings not to exceed the cost for filing paper documents.

     (8) Of the fees collected pursuant to subdivision (1), subsection (a) of this section, $10 shall be deposited in the county general fund in accordance with section twenty-eight of this article and $1 shall be deposited in the county general fund and dedicated to the operation of the county clerk's office. Four dollars of the fees collected pursuant to subdivision (1), subsection (a) of this section and $5 of the fees collected pursuant to subdivision (6), subsection (a) of this section shall be paid by the county clerk into the State Treasury and deposited in equal amounts for deposit into the Farmland Protection Fund created in article twelve, chapter eight-a of this code for the benefit of the West Virginia Agricultural Land Protection Authority and into the Outdoor Heritage Conservation Fund created in article two-g, chapter five-b of this code. The funds deposited in the State Treasury pursuant to this subdivision may only be used for costs, excluding personnel costs, associated with purpose of land conservation, as defined in subsection (f), section seven, article two-g, chapter five-b of this code.

     (b) Five dollars for administering any oath other than oaths by officers and employees of the state, political subdivisions of the state or a public or quasi-public entity of the state or a political subdivision of the state, taken in his or her official capacity.

     (c) Fifty-five dollars for issuance of marriage license and other duties pertaining to the marriage license (including preparation of the application, administrating the oath, registering and recording the license, mailing acknowledgment of minister's return to one of the licensees and notification to a licensee after sixty days of the nonreceipt of the minister's return). This fee is reduced to $35 if the applicants present a premarital education course completion certificate issued pursuant to section seven hundred one, article two, chapter forty-eight of this code, and dated within one year of the application for a marriage license.

     (1) One dollar of the marriage license fee received pursuant to this subsection shall be paid by the county clerk into the State Treasury as a state registration fee in the same manner that license taxes are paid into the Treasury under article twelve, chapter eleven of this code;

     (2) Fifteen dollars of the marriage license fee received pursuant to this subsection shall be paid by the county clerk into the State Treasury for the Family Protection Shelter Support Act in the same manner that license taxes are paid into the Treasury under article twelve, chapter eleven of this code;

     (3) Ten dollars of the marriage license fee received pursuant to this subsection shall be deposited in the Courthouse Facilities Improvement Fund created by section six, article twenty-six, chapter twenty-nine of this code; and

     (4) If a premarital education course completion certificate is not presented, the county clerk shall, on or before the tenth day of each month, transmit $20 of the marriage license fee received pursuant to this subsection to the state treasurer for deposit in the state treasury as follows:

     (A) Five dollars to the credit of the Family Protection Shelter Support Act in the same manner that license taxes are paid into the Treasury under article twelve, chapter eleven of this code;

     (B) Five dollars to the credit of the special revenue account, hereby created, designated the "Fund for Civil Legal Services for Low Income Persons," which shall consist of all gifts, grants, bequests, transfers, appropriations or other donations or payments which may be received and administered by the Division of Justice and Community Services from any governmental entity or unit or any person, firm, foundation, or corporation for the purposes of this section, and all interest or other return earned from investment of the fund. Expenditures from the fund shall be made by the Director of the Division of Justice and Community Services and shall be limited to grants to nonprofit agencies which provide civil legal services to low income persons made at his or her discretion.  Any balance in the fund at the end of each fiscal year shall not revert to the general revenue fund but shall remain in the fund and be expended as provided by this section.

     (C) Ten dollars to the credit of the Marriage Education Fund created pursuant to section seven hundred two, article two, chapter forty-eight of this code.

     (d) (1) One dollar and fifty cents for a copy of any writing or document, if it is not otherwise provided for.

     (2) One dollar for each additional page if the writing or documents contains more than two pages.

     (3) One dollar for annexing the seal of the commission or clerk to any paper.

     (4) Five dollars for a certified copy of a birth certificate, death certificate or marriage license.

     (e) For copies of any record in electronic form or a medium other than paper, a reasonable fee set by the clerk of the county commission not to exceed the costs associated with document search and duplication.
WVC 59 - 1 - 11 §59-1-11. Fees to be charged by clerk of circuit court.

     (a) The clerk of a circuit court shall charge and collect for services rendered by the clerk the following fees which shall be paid in advance by the parties for whom services are to be rendered:

     (1) For instituting any civil action under the Rules of Civil Procedure, any statutory summary proceeding, any extraordinary remedy, the docketing of civil appeals or any other action, cause, suit or proceeding, $155, of which $30 shall be deposited in the Courthouse Facilities Improvement Fund created by section six, article twenty-six, chapter twenty-nine of this code and $20 deposited in the special revenue account created in section six hundred three, article twenty-six, chapter forty-eight of this code to provide legal services for domestic violence victims;

     (2) For instituting an action for medical professional liability, $280, of which $10 shall be deposited in the Courthouse Facilities Improvement Fund created by section six, article twenty- six, chapter twenty-nine of this code;

     (3) Beginning on and after July 1, 1999, for instituting an action for divorce, separate maintenance or annulment, $135;

     (4) For petitioning for the modification of an order involving child custody, child visitation, child support or spousal support, $85; and

     (5) For petitioning for an expedited modification of a child support order, $35.

     (b) In addition to the foregoing fees, the following fees shall be charged and collected:

     (1) For preparing an abstract of judgment, $5;

     (2) For a transcript, copy or paper made by the clerk for use in any other court or otherwise to go out of the office, for each page, $1;

     (3) For issuing a suggestion and serving notice to the debtor by certified mail, $25;

     (4) For issuing an execution, $25;

     (5) For issuing or renewing a suggestee execution and serving notice to the debtor by certified mail, $25;

     (6) For vacation or modification of a suggestee execution, $1;

     (7) For docketing and issuing an execution on a transcript of judgment from magistrate court, $3;

     (8) For arranging the papers in a certified question, writ of error, appeal or removal to any other court, $10, of which $5 shall be deposited in the Courthouse Facilities Improvement Fund created by section six, article twenty-six, chapter twenty-nine of this code;

     (9)For each subpoena, on the part of either plaintiff or defendant, to be paid by the party requesting the same, 50¢;

     (10) For additional service, plaintiff or appellant, where any case remains on the docket longer than three years, for each additional year or part year, $20; and

     (11) For administering funds deposited into a federally insured interest-bearing account or interest-bearing instrument pursuant to a court order, $50, to be collected from the party making the deposit. A fee collected pursuant to this subdivision shall be paid into the general county fund.

     (c) In addition to the foregoing fees, a fee for the actual amount of the postage and express may be charged and collected for sending decrees, orders or records that have not been ordered by the court to be sent by mail or express.

     (d) The clerk shall tax the following fees for services in a criminal case against a defendant convicted in such court:

     (1) In the case of a misdemeanor, $85; and

     (2) In the case of a felony, $105, of which $10 shall be deposited in the Courthouse Facilities Improvement Fund created by section six, article twenty-six, chapter twenty-nine of this code.

     (e) The clerk of a circuit court shall charge and collect a fee of $25 per bond for services rendered by the clerk for processing of criminal bonds and the fee shall be paid at the time of issuance by the person or entity set forth below:

     (1) For cash bonds, the fee shall be paid by the person tendering cash as bond;

     (2) For recognizance bonds secured by real estate, the fee shall be paid by the owner of the real estate serving as surety;

     (3) For recognizance bonds secured by a surety company, the fee shall be paid by the surety company;

     (4) For ten-percent recognizance bonds with surety, the fee shall be paid by the person serving as surety; and

     (5) For ten-percent recognizance bonds without surety, the fee shall be paid by the person tendering ten percent of the bail amount.

     In instances in which the total of the bond is posted by more than one bond instrument, the above fee shall be collected at the time of issuance of each bond instrument processed by the clerk and all fees collected pursuant to this subsection shall be deposited in the Courthouse Facilities Improvement Fund created by section six, article twenty-six, chapter twenty-nine of this code. Nothing in this subsection authorizes the clerk to collect the above fee from any person for the processing of a personal recognizance bond.

     (f) The clerk of a circuit court shall charge and collect a fee of $10 for services rendered by the clerk for processing of bailpiece and the fee shall be paid by the surety at the time of issuance. All fees collected pursuant to this subsection shall be deposited in the Courthouse Facilities Improvement Fund created by section six, article twenty-six, chapter twenty-nine of this code.

     (g) No clerk is required to handle or accept for disbursement any fees, cost or amounts of any other officer or party not payable into the county treasury except on written order of the court or in compliance with the provisions of law governing such fees, costs or accounts.
WVC 59 - 1 - 11 A §59-1-11a. Additional costs in certain criminal proceedings.
(a) Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c) of this section, in each criminal case before a circuit court in which the defendant is convicted, whether by plea or at trial, under the provisions of section two, article five, chapter seventeen-c of this code or section eighteen-b, article seven, chapter twenty of this code, there shall be imposed, in addition to other costs, fines, forfeitures or penalties as may be allowed by law, costs in the amount of fifty-five dollars. For purposes of further defraying the cost to the county of enforcing the provisions of section two, article five, chapter seventeen-c of this code or section eighteen-b, article seven, chapter twenty of this code and related provisions, the clerk of the circuit court shall, on or before the tenth day of the month following the month in which the costs imposed in this section were collected, remit an amount equal to the amount from each of the criminal proceedings in which the costs specified in this subsection were collected to the sheriff of the county who shall deposit the same in the general revenue fund of the county.

(b) In each criminal case before a circuit court upon appeal from a magistrate court in which the defendant is convicted, whether by plea or at trial in the circuit court, under the provisions of section two, article five, chapter seventeen-c of this code or section eighteen-b, article seven, chapter twenty of this code, there shall be imposed, in addition to other costs, fines, forfeitures or penalties as may be allowed by law, costs in the amount of fifty-five dollars. For purposes of further defraying the cost to the county of enforcing the provisions of section two, article five, chapter seventeen-c of this code or section eighteen-b, article seven, chapter twenty of this code and related provisions, the clerk of the circuit court shall, on or before the tenth day of the month following the month in which the costs imposed in this section were collected, remit an amount equal to the amount from each of the criminal proceedings in which the costs specified in this subsection were collected to the sheriff of the county who shall deposit the same in the general revenue fund of the county. The provisions of this subsection shall not require payment of the costs imposed by this subsection to the circuit court where the costs have been paid in the magistrate court.

(c) In each criminal case before a circuit court upon appeal from a municipal proceeding in which the defendant is convicted, whether by plea or at trial in the circuit court, under the provisions of a municipal ordinance which has the same elements as an offense described in section two, article five, chapter seventeen-c of this code or section eighteen-b, article seven, chapter twenty of this code, there shall be imposed, in addition to other costs, fines, forfeitures or penalties as may be allowed by law, costs in the amount of fifty-five dollars. For purposes of further defraying the cost to the municipality of enforcing the provisions of the ordinance or ordinances described in this subsection and related provisions, the clerk of the circuit court shall, on or before the tenth day of the month following the month in which the costs imposed in this section were collected, remit an amount equal to the amount from each of the criminal proceedings in which the costs specified in this subsection were collected to the clerk of the municipal court or other person designated to receive fines and costs for the municipality from which the conviction was appealed who shall deposit these moneys in the general revenue fund of the municipality. The provisions of this subsection shall not require payment of the costs imposed by this subsection to the circuit court where the costs have been paid to the clerk of the municipal court or other person designated to receive fines and costs for the municipality.

(d) The provisions of this section shall be effective after the thirtieth day of June, two thousand four.


WVC 59-1-12 §59-1-12. Payment of fines by credit card or payment plan.
A circuit court may accept credit cards in payment of all fines, cost, forfeiture, restitution or penalties. The supreme court of appeals shall adopt rules regarding the use of credit or check cards to pay fines, and any charges made by the credit card company may be paid from the gross credit card collections.


WVC 59 - 1 - 13 §59-1-13. Fees to be charged by Clerk of Supreme Court of Appeals.
     The Clerk of the Supreme Court of Appeals shall charge the following fees to be paid by the parties for whom the services are rendered:

For all copies of petitions, records, orders, opinions or other papers, per page

     . 25¢

     For each certificate under seal of the court        $5

     For license to practice law, suitable for framing.         $25

     For docketing any civil appeals, including appeals from Family Courts, but not including, appeals in workers' compensations cases, any action in the Supreme Court's original jurisdiction or any other action, cause or proceeding $200

     For any other work or services not herein enumerated, the clerk shall charge the fees prescribed for similar services by clerks of circuit courts.

     Fees collected for docketing civil appeals shall be expended, in the discretion of the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals, solely to provide grants to the federally designated provider of civil legal services for low income citizens in the state.
WVC 59 - 1 - 14 §59-1-14. Fees to be charged by sheriffs.
(a) The county commission shall determine the amount which the sheriff may charge, which charges shall not exceed the following:

For serving on any person an order, notice, summons or other process where the body is not taken, except a subpoena served on a witness, and making return thereof$25.00

For summoning a witness 25.00

For serving on any person an attachment or

other process under which the body is taken 25.00

For levying an attachment on real estate and

making the return 25.00

For making any other levy 25.00

For serving a writ of possession 25.00

(b) The county commission shall determine the amount which the sheriff may charge, which charges shall not exceed the following:

For conveying a prisoner to or from jail, for

each mile of necessary travel either

in going or returning .25

For taking any bond 1.00

When a jury is sworn in court, for

summoning and impaneling such jury 1.00

For issuing receipt to purchaser at

delinquent tax sale 1.00

(c) The county commission, giving due regard to the cost thereof, may from time to time prescribe the amount which the sheriff may charge for keeping any property or in removing any property. When, after distraining or levying, he or she neither sells nor receives payment, and either takes no bond or takes one which is not forfeited, he or she shall, if guilty of no default, have (in addition to the one dollar for a bond, if one was taken) a fee of three dollars, unless this be more than half of what his or her commission would have amounted to if he or she had received payment; in which case he or she shall (whether a bond was taken or not) have a fee of one dollar at the least, and so much more as is necessary to make the said half of his or her commission. The commission to be included in a forthcoming bond (when one is taken) shall be five percent on the first three hundred dollars of the money for which the distress or levy is made, and two percent on the residue of the money; but the commission shall not be received, in whole or in part, except as hereinbefore provided, unless the bond be forfeited, or the amount (including the commission) be paid to the plaintiff. An officer receiving payment in money, or selling property, shall have the like commission of five percent on the first three hundred dollars of the money paid or proceeds from the sale, and two percent on the residue, except that when the payment or sale is on an execution on a forthcoming bond, his or her commission shall be only half what it would be if the execution were not on the bond.

(d) Any amounts collected by the sheriff pursuant to this section shall be deposited in a separate account of the county general fund and used by the sheriff for the expenses of providing the services herein described: Provided, That two dollars of each fee collected pursuant to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall be deposited by the county commission in the "West Virginia Deputy Sheriff Retirement Fund" created in section six, article fourteen-d, chapter seven of this code and three dollars of each fee collected pursuant to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall be deposited by the county commission in the general revenue account of the county commission. Any surplus funds that remain in the separate account of the county general fund required by the provisions of this subsection on the last day of the fiscal year, and have not been expended for the purposes herein described, shall revert to the county general fund.


WVC 59-1-15 §59-1-15. Payments to sheriffs and clerks out of state or county treasury.
There shall be paid out of the state treasury to clerks and sheriffs for services rendered the state in a civil case such fees as would be chargeable for the like service of an individual, after such fees are duly certified to the auditor. There shall be paid by the county court according to the provisions of article five, chapter sixty-two of this code, the following fees, after the same are duly certified to such court: To the sheriff or other officer, for an arrest for felony, one dollar, and for conveying any person charged with or convicted of felony, to jail, or from one jail to another, for each mile in going and returning, five cents. The officer shall also be allowed for the support of the prisoner during the removal, and for assistance to make the arrest or effect the removal, such charge as may have been necessarily incurred by him, to be shown by his own affidavit, if living, or, if he be dead, by the affidavit, of some credible person; and where he has assistance, by the affidavit also of each person employed by him, or by such of them as may be alive and within the jurisdiction of the court, and if none of them be alive or within the jurisdiction of the court, the court may allow such claim upon his own affidavit. Such charge for assistance shall not exceed, in making an arrest, one dollar per day for each person employed to assist him; and in conveying a prisoner, not to exceed five cents per mile going and returning for each guard. The officer shall also be allowed for impaneling a jury in case of a felony, one dollar.


WVC 59-1-16 §59-1-16. Amount of allowance to witnesses for attendance; how and when made.
A person attending any court or other tribunal, under a summons or recognizance as a witness, shall receive not less than ten nor more than twenty dollars, to be fixed by the court or other tribunal, for each day's attendance and fifteen cents per mile for each mile necessarily traveled to the place of attendance, and the same for returning, plus all necessary bridge, ferry and road tolls. On his oath, an entry of the sum he is entitled to, and for what, and by what party it is to be paid, shall be made. When the attendance is before either house or a committee of the Legislature, such entry shall be made by the clerk of such house or the chairman of such committee, and in other cases by the clerk of the court or other tribunal before which, or by the person before whom, the witness attended. A witness summoned or recognized to attend in several cases may have the entry made against any one of the parties by whom he is summoned, or for whom he is sworn as a witness, but no witness shall be allowed for his attendance in more than one case at the same time. But no compensation shall be allowed to a witness before a grand jury. This section shall not apply to witnesses before justices of the peace.


WVC 59-1-17 §59-1-17. By whom witnesses paid; on what certificate; clerk's certificate as to claims; dispute as to claims.
The sum to which a witness is entitled shall be paid out of the treasury in any case of attendance before either house or a committee of the Legislature, and in any other case in which the attendance is for the state except where it is otherwise specially provided. In all other cases it shall be paid by the party for whom the summons issued. The payment shall be on the certificate of the person required by the preceding section to make the entry. The certificate shall express by letters, and not by figures, the separate amounts to which the witness is entitled for his attendance, traveling tolls and ferriages which he may have to pay, and the aggregate thereof. No clerk or other person authorized to make such entry or give such certificate shall become interested by purchase in any claim payable out of the public treasury, which by law he is authorized to certify. And it shall be the duty of such clerk, as soon as possible after the adjournment of any court, to make out a list of all entries made on behalf of witnesses attending for the state, whose fees are payable out of the treasury, and certify such list to the auditor. Any dispute (before or after issuing the certificate) between the witness and the party against whom his claim is made, as to its justice or amount, may, when the case is in a court or before a justice, be determined by such court or justice.


WVC 59-1-18 §59-1-18. To whom fees charged; services by clerks and sheriffs without fees.
The fees mentioned in this article shall be chargeable to the person at whose instance the service is performed; except that the fees for entering and certifying the attendance of witnesses, and proceedings to compel payment for such attendance, shall be charged to the party for whom the witness attended, and except also as follows: No clerk shall charge for taking bond from, administering oaths to, or copying orders as to the appointment or qualification of any county, school or district officer, or for filing the bonds or oaths of any such officer, nor for making or copying orders as to county levies or grand juries and administering the necessary oaths. No sheriff shall charge for serving such or any other public orders nor for summoning and impaneling grand juries. No clerk or sheriff shall receive payment out of the treasury for any service rendered in case of the state, except where it is allowed by law.


WVC 59-1-19 §59-1-19. Fee books of clerks.
Every clerk of a court shall keep a fee book, wherein shall be entered the fees for every service performed by him, and the fact of such fees having been paid, or of a bill having been made out therefor, whichever shall happen first. The fee books of a clerk shall be submitted to the inspection of commissioners appointed to examine the clerk's office.


WVC 59-1-20 §59-1-20. Making out fee bills; motion to quash improper fee bill; prepayment of fees.
No person shall be compelled to pay any fees before mentioned due to an officer, until there be produced to him a fee bill signed by the officer to whom the fees are due, expressing particulars for which such fees are charged. And no such fee bill shall be made out for any service not previously performed, except as hereinafter provided, unless a person desire to pay before such performance, in which case there shall be mentioned in such fee bill the nature of the service and the fact that it is to be performed. Nor shall an officer, for any service, make out a fee bill for more than is allowed therefor. Nor shall he, for the same service, attempt to obtain payment a second time; nor ever make out a fee bill a second time, unless he indorse the fact that the fee bill made out is a second fee bill and swear that the former bill remains unpaid. For each item in which an officer shall violate this section, he shall forfeit five dollars to any person prosecuting therefor, and the circuit court of the county in which an officer resides may on motion, after reasonable notice to him, quash any fee bill made out by him contrary to law. But any officer may demand his fees in advance for any particular service required to be performed by him for any person not residing in his county, and if such fees be not paid or secured to him, the officer may refuse to perform the service until they are paid or secured. In such cases, the fee bill shall state the nature of the service, and that it is to be performed.


WVC 59-1-21 §59-1-21. Fee bills of county clerk.
The clerk of the county court may make out tickets for his fees and place them in the hands of the sheriff, or other officer, to be collected and accounted for in the same manner that the fees of the clerk of the circuit court are collected and accounted for. The clerk of the county court shall be subject to the same penalties as the clerk of the circuit court for issuing fee bills wrongfully.


WVC 59 - 1 - 22 §59-1-22. Duties of successor of deceased clerk with reference to fee books and fee bills.
When a clerk dies, his successor shall charge in the fee books of the clerk's office such lawful fees as do not appear to have been charged therein for services performed by the decedent, and make out fee bills for such fees, and also for any fees charged on such books by the decedent for which he does not appear to have made out fee bills in his lifetime; except that such of those as appear to such successor to be for more than is allowed by law shall be reduced by him so far as, in his judgment, is necessary to make them legal.


WVC 59 - 1 - 23 §59-1-23. Requisites and effect of fee bills for services of deceased clerk.
The fee bills made out under the preceding section shall show on their face that they are for fees due the decedent, shall be signed by his successor, and shall have the same force and effect and shall be dealt with by all officers as if they were for fees accruing for services performed by such successor. All fee bills made out by such deceased clerk in his lifetime shall go to the custody of his successor and shall be dealt with by him and all officers as if they were fee bills made out by him for his own services.


WVC 59 - 1 - 24 §59-1-24. Collection of fees; receipt.
Every officer mentioned in this article shall, on or before the first day of July in any year, deliver fee bills for all fees then due and unpaid, duly signed, to any sheriff or collector of the public taxes, who shall receive and endeavor to collect the same. A sheriff or collector may distrain therefor, or for any fee bills due himself, such property of the person to whom the fees are charged as might be levied on under a writ of fieri facias against him, except as hereinafter mentioned, and the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth sections of article nine, chapter eleven of this code shall apply to such fee bills in like manner as to taxes. Every such officer shall deliver to each person who pays him, or from whose property he makes such fees, a receipt for all that is so paid or made.


WVC 59 - 1 - 25 §59-1-25. Accounting for fees.
Every sheriff or collector to whom such fee bills are so delivered shall, on or before the first day of July next after such delivery, account therefor with the officer entitled thereto by returning such as he may not have collected, with the indorsement thereon of the words "No property found," and by paying to such officer or his legal successor the amount of all not so returned. If he fail so to do, judgment may be obtained, on motion, against such sheriff or collector, and his sureties, and his and their personal representatives, for the amount with which such sheriff or collector is chargeable, and damages thereon, not exceeding fifteen percent per annum, from said first day of July until payment. Such judgment may be on motion in the circuit court of the county in which such sheriff or collector resides, and if the fees be due to the clerk of the supreme court of appeals, it may be in the circuit court of the county in which the seat of government may be. On such motion, any receipt for fees mentioned in the notice as signed by any person shall be deemed to be his signature unless an affidavit be filed denying it, and shall be prima facie evidence of the collection of all the fees mentioned therein, not returned as aforesaid.


WVC 59 - 1 - 26 §59-1-26. Limitation on distress or suit for collection of fees.
No fee, when a fee bill has not been issued, shall be collected by distress or suit after ten years from the time when the service was done that is charged for therein; or, if a fee bill has been issued, after ten years from the time when the last fee bill was issued.


WVC 59 - 1 - 27 §59-1-27. Lodging fee bills and certificates in clerk's office; application of costs to payment thereof; prepayment or security to officer.
An officer or witness to whom, for fees or attendance, anything is due that is taxed in the costs for which there is judgment or decree, may, within ten days after such judgment or decree, lodge in the clerk's office of the court wherein the same is rendered, his fee bills for such fees, or certificate for such attendance. The amount due each officer or witness, for what is so lodged, shall, within said ten days, be noted in the margin of the order or execution book, opposite the entry of the case. An officer or witness whose fees or certificate shall have been so noted shall be paid the same out of the costs, by the person against whom the judgment or decree is; and the right to such payment shall be valid against any assignee of the judgment or decree. When the clerk issues execution in such case, he shall indorse thereon how much of such costs is for each officer or witness whose fees or certificate may be so noted; and the officer collecting such costs shall pay the same accordingly to those entitled thereto. No officer mentioned in this chapter shall be obliged to perform services for any person out of his county, unless payment of his fees for such services be made or secured; nor to perform services for any person against whom he has had fee bills returned, which remain unsatisfied, unless he be secured payment of his fees for the services desired, or performance of such services be directed by a court.


WVC 59 - 1 - 28 §59-1-28. Use and disposition of fees of sheriffs, clerks and prosecuting attorneys.
Except for the funds designated in section twenty-eight-a of this article, all fees, costs, percentages, penalties, commissions, allowances, compensation, income and all other perquisites of whatever kind which by law may now or hereafter be collected or received as compensation for services by any clerk of the county commission, sheriff, clerk of the circuit court or of any court of limited jurisdiction, and prosecuting attorney shall be collected and received by such officer for the sole use of the treasury of the county in which he is an officer, and shall be held as public moneys belonging to the county fund, and shall be accounted for and paid over as such in the manner hereinafter provided. Nothing in this article shall be construed to require any county officer to pay into the county treasury any fees earned prior to the twenty-first day of May, one thousand nine hundred fifteen. Fees are held to be earned at the time the service is rendered and not at the time the matter is finally adjudicated.

Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, all fees collected by a sheriff for service of all manner of process from magistrate court, in addition to such other funds as may be provided by the county commissions, shall be dedicated by the county commission to the office of sheriff for providing bailiff and service of process services for magistrate court.


WVC 59 - 1 - 28 A §59-1-28a. Disposition of filing fees in civil actions and fees for services in criminal cases.
(a) Except for those payments to be made from amounts equaling filing fees received for the institution of divorce actions as prescribed in subsection (b) of this section, and except for those payments to be made from amounts equaling filing fees received for the institution of actions for divorce, separate maintenance and annulment as prescribed in said subsection, for each civil action instituted under the rules of civil procedure, any statutory summary proceeding, any extraordinary remedy, the docketing of civil appeals or any other action, cause, suit or proceeding in the circuit court the clerk of the court shall, at the end of each month, pay into the funds or accounts described in this subsection an amount equal to the amount set forth in this subsection of every filing fee received for instituting the action as follows:

(1) Into the Regional Jail and Correctional Facility Authority Fund in the State Treasury established pursuant to the provisions of section ten, article twenty, chapter thirty-one of this code the amount of sixty dollars;

(2) Into the Court Security Fund in the State Treasury established pursuant to the provisions of section fourteen, article three, chapter fifty-one of this code the amount of five dollars; and

(3) Into the Regional Jail Operations Partial Reimbursement Fund established pursuant to the provisions of section ten-b, article twenty, chapter thirty-one of this code the amount of twenty dollars.

(b) For each action for divorce, separate maintenance or annulment instituted in the circuit court, the clerk of the court shall, at the end of each month, report to the Supreme Court of Appeals the number of actions filed by persons unable to pay and pay into the funds or accounts in this subsection an amount equal to the amount set forth in this subsection of every filing fee received for instituting the divorce action as follows:

(1) Into the Regional Jail and Correctional Facility Authority Fund in the State Treasury established pursuant to the provisions of section ten, article twenty, chapter thirty-one of this code the amount of ten dollars;

(2) Into the special revenue account of the State Treasury, established pursuant to section six hundred four, article two, chapter forty-eight of this code an amount of thirty dollars;

(3) Into the Family Court Fund established under section twenty-two, article two-a, chapter fifty-one of this code an amount of seventy dollars; and

(4) Into the Court Security Fund in the State Treasury, established pursuant to the provisions of section fourteen, article three, chapter fifty-one of this code the amount of five dollars.

(c) Notwithstanding any provision of subsection (a) or (b) of this section to the contrary, the clerk of the court shall, at the end of each month, pay into the Family Court Fund established under section twenty-two, article two-a, chapter fifty-one of this code an amount equal to the amount of every fee received for petitioning for the modification of an order involving child custody, child visitation, child support or spousal support as determined by subdivision (3), subsection (a), section eleven of this article and for petitioning for an expedited modification of a child support order as provided in subdivision (4) of said subsection.

(d) The clerk of the court from which a protective order is issued shall, at the end of each month, pay into the Family Court Fund established under section twenty-two, article two-a, chapter fifty-one of this code an amount equal to every fee received pursuant to the provisions of section five hundred eight, article twenty-seven, chapter forty-eight of this code.

(e) Of every fee for service received in any criminal case against any respondent convicted in circuit court, the clerk of each circuit court shall, at the end of each month, pay into the Regional Jail and Correctional Facility Authority Fund in the State Treasury an amount equal to forty dollars, into the Court Security Fund in the State Treasury established pursuant to the provisions of section fourteen, article three, chapter fifty-one of this code an amount equal to five dollars and into the Regional Jail Operations Partial Reimbursement Fund established pursuant to the provisions of section ten-b, article twenty, chapter thirty-one of this code an amount equal to thirty dollars.

(f) The clerk of the circuit court shall, at the end of each month, pay into the Medical Liability Fund established under article twelve-b, chapter twenty-nine of this code, an amount equal to one hundred sixty-five dollars of every filing fee received for instituting a medical professional liability action.

(g) The clerk of the circuit court shall, at the end of each month, pay into the Courthouse Facilities Improvement Fund created by section six, article twenty-six, chapter twenty-nine of this code, those amounts received by the clerk which are dedicated for deposit in the fund.

(h) The clerk of each circuit court shall, at the end of each month, pay into the Regional Jail Operations Partial Reimbursement Fund established in the State Treasury pursuant to the provisions of section ten-b, article twenty, chapter thirty-one of this code, those amounts received by the clerk which are dedicated for deposit in the fund.


WVC 59-1-29 §59-1-29. Collection of such fees.
Each clerk of the county commission, sheriff, clerk of the circuit court and prosecuting attorney shall have charge of and collect the fees, costs, percentages, penalties, commissions, allowances, compensation, income and all other perquisites of whatever kind which are now or may hereafter be allowed by law. Whenever there remain due the county and unpaid, for a period of more than six months, any fees, costs, percentages, penalties, commissions, allowances, compensation, income or any other perquisites of any kind, it shall be the duty of the county commission, or other tribunal in lieu thereof, by the prosecuting attorney, to proceed to the collection thereof in the circuit court or magistrate court, upon motion whereof the defendant and the sureties on his bond shall have at least twenty days' notice, or in any other manner provided for by law, and the amount so collected shall be paid into the county treasury to the credit of the general county fund.


WVC 59-1-30 §59-1-30. Books of account to be kept by officers.
Each of the officers named in the preceding section shall keep full and regular accounts, subject at all times to the examination of the county court, or tribunal in lieu thereof, the state tax commissioner or any individual, of all sums charged or collected by such officers on account of official fees, costs, percentages, penalties, commissions, allowances, compensation, income and all other perquisites of whatever kind, and such book of accounts shall be a part of the records of the respective offices herein named belonging to the county, and shall be transmitted by each county officer to his successor in office. The system of books and accounts to be kept by the officers herein named shall be prescribed by the state tax commissioner, ex officio inspector and supervisor of public offices.


WVC 59-1-31 §59-1-31. Monthly payments; how credited; report required.
Except for the funds designated in section twenty-eight-a of this article, each of the officers named in section twenty-nine of this article shall at the end of each month pay into the county treasury all fees, costs, percentages, penalties, commissions, compensation, income and all other perquisites of whatever kind collected by his office during such month, which money shall be credited to the general county fund.


WVC 59-1-32 §59-1-32. Reduction or remission of fees prohibited; penalty for default in payment.
None of the officers named in section twenty-nine of this article shall be authorized to make any reduction, abatement or remission of any of the fees, costs, percentages, penalties, commissions, allowances, compensation, income or any other perquisites of whatever kind that it may be their duty to charge and collect. If any such officer shall wilfully make default in the payment of fees, costs, percentages, penalties, commissions, allowances, compensation, income or any other perquisites of whatever kind received and collected by him, for a period longer than ten days after the end of the month during which the same were collected, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars, and in the discretion of the court may be imprisoned not more than thirty days, and may be removed from his office, and he and the sureties on his bond shall be liable for any and all such moneys collected. If any such officer shall fail to pay such fees, costs, percentages, penalties, commissions, allowances, compensation, income or any other perquisites of whatever kind, to the treasurer of his county, and shall appropriate the same for his own use, or shall fail to pay over such fees, costs, percentages, penalties, commissions, allowances, compensation, income or any other perquisites of whatever kind, within thirty days after demand has been made upon him by the county court of his county, or tribunal in lieu thereof, or prosecuting attorney, he shall be guilty of embezzlement, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in the penitentiary not less than one nor more than five years, and shall forfeit his office; and if any deputy or assistant of any such officer shall appropriate to his own use any fees, costs, percentages, penalties, commissions, allowances, compensation, income or any other perquisites of whatever kind, or fail to pay the same within thirty days after demand has been made upon him by the county court, or tribunal created in lieu thereof, or prosecuting attorney of his county, he shall be guilty of embezzlement, and, upon conviction, be confined in the penitentiary not less than one nor more than five years.


WVC 59-1-33 §59-1-33. Deposit for costs.
When any action at law, suit in equity or other proceeding is instituted, the clerk of the court wherein the same is instituted shall require from the plaintiff a reasonable deposit of money for the services to be performed by himself, or any other officer named in this article: Provided, however, That such clerk shall not be required to pay any part of such deposit to any officer (other than himself) for any services to be performed, unless he is directed so to do by the plaintiff at the time such deposit is made. The action, cause or proceeding wherein any deposit is made shall be credited therewith, and there shall be charged against such deposit all payments made by the clerk to any other such officer for services performed by the latter; and at the end of the month such clerk shall be required to pay into the county treasury such part of the deposit as has been earned by services performed by him or by any other officer whose services he has been directed by the plaintiff to pay. Upon the appearance of any defendant to any action at law (other than criminal cases), suit in equity or other proceeding, such defendant shall likewise be required to deposit with the clerk a reasonable amount, and the same shall be applied and accounted for in like manner as a deposit made by the plaintiff or petitioner. After demand by the clerk for deposit provided for in this section he shall not be required to perform any service until the demand is complied with, unless affidavit is filed as provided for by section one, article two of this chapter.


WVC 59-1-34 §59-1-34.
Repealed.

Acts, 1967 Reg. Sess., Ch. 105.


WVC 59-1-35 §59-1-35. Supervision by chief inspector of public offices.
If, upon any examination made under authority of article nine, chapter six of this code, it is disclosed that the provisions of this article are not being complied with, the chief inspector and supervisor of public offices shall have authority to institute or cause to be instituted the necessary proceedings to enforce the provisions of this article. All books, records, blanks, forms, and forms for verifications, required to carry out the provisions of this article, shall be prescribed by the chief inspector. If any person shall swear falsely in any verification required under this article, he shall be guilty of false swearing, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished as provided by law for such offense, and by forfeiture of his office.


WVC 59-1-36 §59-1-36. Fees and allowances for poor persons.
If a person shall present to the proper collecting officer such person's written statement, certified by the chief executive officer of a duly chartered legal aid society, that he is pecuniarily unable to pay any of the fees and allowances mentioned in this article, he shall be forgiven and not required to pay such costs.


WVC 59-1-37 §59-1-37. Deposits by county officers in noninterest bearing or interest bearing accounts; payment to county general fund; annual report.
Except as to any tax receipts, which shall be deposited in accordance with section four, article six, chapter seven of this code, when any fee, cost, percentage, penalty, commission, allowance, bond, deposit, surety or other cash payment or sum is to be held by the sheriff, the prosecuting attorney, the county commission, an official of an agency or entity created by the county commission, the clerk of the county commission, the clerk of the circuit court or the assessor of any county under any provision of law or proper order of the circuit court, said officer shall deposit the same in an account or accounts which may, at his or her sole discretion, be an interest bearing account or accounts in secure and properly insured banks. All money collected, including cash and checks, shall be deposited intact on the first available business day: Provided, That the requirement for deposits on the first available business day shall not apply to the county assessor, nor shall it apply to any county officer if the amount to be deposited is less than five hundred dollars. Any interest earned on such accounts, and not otherwise included in any refund, return or reimbursement of said fees, costs, penalties, commissions, allowances, bonds, deposits, sureties or other cash payments or sums, as directed by law or proper order of the circuit court, shall be paid into the county's general fund on a regular basis, but in no event less often than quarterly.

All county officers shall report to the county commission by the first day of July each year concerning his or her election to use interest bearing accounts, amounts currently on deposit and interest actually earned on such accounts.


WVC 59-1-38 §59-1-38. County officers to issue receipts of collections.
Any county officer, as described in section thirty-seven of this article, who receives a fee, cost, percentage, penalty, commission, allowance, bond, deposit, surety or other cash payment or sum shall issue a receipt to the payor thereof, in duplicate, on a form approved by the chief inspector, in accordance with the provisions of article nine, chapter six of this code. The county officer shall issue the original of such receipt to the payor and shall retain the copy. The chief inspector shall prescribe the minimum information to be included on such receipt forms.


WVC 59-1-39 §59-1-39. Removal of county officer.
If any county officer shall fail to comply with the provisions of this article, the chief inspector may, in addition to any other remedies provided by law, seek the removal from office of such county officer, in accordance with provisions of section seven, article six, chapter six of this code.


WVC -2- ARTICLE 2. COSTS GENERALLY.


WVC 59 - 2 - 1 §59-2-1. Suits by persons financially unable to pay.
(a) A natural person who is financially unable to pay the fees or costs attendant to the commencement, prosecution or defense of any civil action or proceeding, or an appeal therein, is permitted to proceed without prepayment in any court of this state, after filing with the court an affidavit that he or she is financially unable to pay the fees or costs or give security therefor.

(1) The clerk of the court and all other officers of the court shall issue and serve all process and perform all duties in such cases.

(2) Judgment may be rendered for costs at the conclusion of the action, where otherwise authorized by law, and be taxable against a losing party who has not been determined to be financially unable to pay.

(3) Upon the filing of an affidavit in accordance with this subsection, seeking an appeal in a civil case from a circuit court to the supreme court of appeals, the supreme court of appeals may direct payment by the administrative office of the supreme court of appeals of the expenses of duplicating the record on appeal after it is transmitted by the clerk of the circuit court. The transcript of proceedings before the circuit court, if the petition for appeal is to be filed with the transcript, shall be provided by the court reporter without cost: Provided, That actual expenses of the court reporter for supplies used in preparing the transcript may be paid when authorized by the director of the administrative office of the supreme court of appeals.

(b) The supreme court of appeals or the chief justice thereof shall establish and periodically review and update financial guidelines for determining the eligibility of civil litigants to proceed in forma pauperis.

(c) The supreme court of appeals shall adopt a financial affidavit form for use by persons seeking a waiver of fees, costs or security pursuant to the provisions of this section. Copies of the form shall be available to the public in the offices of the clerk of any court of this state. The affidavit shall state the nature of the action, defense or appeal and the affiant's belief that he or she is entitled to redress. The form shall elicit information from the affiant which will enable the court in which it is filed to consider the following factors in determining whether the affiant is financially unable to pay fees, costs or security:

(1) Current income prospects, taking into account seasonal variations in income;

(2) Liquid assets, assets which may provide collateral to obtain funds and other assets which may be liquidated to provide funds to pay fees, costs or security;

(3) Fixed debts and obligations, including federal, state and local taxes and medical expenses;

(4) Child care, transportation and other expenses necessary for employment;

(5) Age or physical infirmity of resident family members;

(6) Whether the person has paid or will pay counsel fees, or whether counsel will be provided by a private attorney on a contingent fee basis, an attorney pro bono, a legal services attorney, or some other attorney at no cost or a reduced cost to the affiant; and

(7) The consequences for the individual if a waiver of fees, costs or security is denied.

(d) When the information set forth in the affidavit or the evidence submitted in the action reveals that the person filing the affidavit is financially able to pay the fees and costs, the court or the family law master shall order the person to pay the fees and costs in the action.

(e) No other party in any proceeding may initiate an inquiry by motion or other pleading or participate in any proceeding relevant to the issues raised pursuant to this section.

(f) The making of an affidavit subject to inquiry under this section does not in any event give rise to criminal remedies against the affiant nor occasion any civil action against the affiant except for the recovery of costs as in any other case where costs may be recovered and the recovery of the value of services, if any, provided pursuant to this section. A person who has made an affidavit knowing the contents thereof to be false may be prosecuted for false swearing as provided by law.


WVC 59 - 2 - 2 §59-2-2.
Repealed.

Acts, 2006 Reg. Sess., Ch. 36.


WVC 59-2-3 §59-2-3. New bond.
On motion of an obligor in such bond, after reasonable notice to the plaintiff, his attorney or agent, the court may order a new bond to be given, with sufficient security, conforming to all the requirements of the preceding section, in a penalty equal to the penalty of the former bond. If the bond required under this section be not given within such time as the court may prescribe, it may order the suit to be dismissed. If such new bond be given, the surety in the former one shall be relieved from any liability he might have incurred because of having executed or acknowledged the same. After the notice has been given to the plaintiff, his attorney or agent, no further proceedings shall be had in such cause, until such new bond is given with sufficient security, or a sufficient excuse is given for not executing the same.


WVC 59 - 2 - 4 §59-2-4. Costs on motions and interlocutory proceedings.
Upon any motion (other than for a judgment for money), or upon any interlocutory order or proceeding, the court may give or refuse costs, at its discretion, unless it be otherwise provided. It may, when a demurrer is sustained to a plea in abatement, give judgment for the plaintiff for his full costs to the time of sustaining it; and when any other part of the proceedings is adjudged insufficient, it may order all costs occasioned by such insufficiency to be paid by him who committed the fault.


WVC 59-2-5 §59-2-5. Payment of costs on granting of new trial or continuance.
New trials may be granted upon the payment of costs, or with the costs to abide the event of the suit, as to the court may seem right. If the party who is to pay the costs of the former trial fail to pay the same at or before the next term after the new trial is granted, the court may, on the motion of the opposite party, set aside the order granting it and proceed to judgment on the verdict, or award execution for such costs, as may seem to it best. Where a case is continued at the costs of a party against the consent of the opposite party, the court may, in its discretion, award an execution for the costs of such continuance.


WVC 59-2-6 §59-2-6. Where recovery of damages less than fifty dollars in action ex delicto.
In any personal action not on contract, which might be brought and prosecuted to judgment in a justice's court, if a verdict be found for the plaintiff, on an issue or otherwise, for less damages than fifty dollars, he shall not recover, in respect to such verdict, any costs, unless the court enter of record that the object of the action was to try a right besides the mere right to recover damages for the trespass or grievance in respect of which the action was brought, or that the said trespass or grievance was wilful or malicious.


WVC 59-2-7 §59-2-7. Judgment where recovery is fifty dollars or less in action ex contractu.
In any personal action on contract instituted in a court of record, wherein it is ascertained that not more is due the plaintiff than fifty dollars, exclusive of interest, judgment shall be given for the defendant, unless the court enter of record that the matter in controversy was of greater value than fifty dollars, exclusive of interest; in which case it may give judgment for the plaintiff for what is ascertained to be due him, with or without costs, as to it may seem right.


WVC 59-2-8 §59-2-8. Costs on final judgment; judgment for, or discontinuance as to, some of defendants.
Except where it is otherwise provided, the party for whom final judgment is given in any action, or in a motion for judgment for money, whether he be plaintiff or defendant, shall recover his costs against the opposite party; and when the action is against two or more, and there is judgment for or discontinuance as to some but not all of the defendants, those for whom there is judgment, or as to whom there is such discontinuance, shall recover their costs.


WVC 59 - 2 - 9 §59-2-9. Costs when original papers or record replaced.
For replacing the original papers in any cause, or the record in an appellate court, or supplying papers lost in cases decided, the costs and expenses shall be ascertained under the direction of the court, and adjudged against any party or parties in the cause, or divided among them as the court may, in its discretion, determine to be equitable; and so, also, when new pleadings are ordered.


WVC 59-2-10 §59-2-10. Suit by one person for benefit of another.
When a suit is in the name of one person for the benefit of any other, if there be a judgment for the defendant's costs, it shall be against such other.


WVC 59-2-11 §59-2-11. Laws as to costs not deemed penal; discretion of court of equity as to costs; costs in appellate courts.
The laws of costs shall not be interpreted as penal laws; nor shall anything in this article take away or abridge the discretion of a court of equity over the subject of costs, except that in every case in an appellate court costs shall be recovered in such court by the party substantially prevailing.


WVC 59-2-12 §59-2-12. Costs when case dismissed for want of jurisdiction.
In any instance where a case, an appeal, writ of error or supersedeas shall be dismissed for want of jurisdiction, the court shall render judgment against the party who improperly invoked the jurisdiction of the court for all costs, whether accruing in the trial court or in any appellate court, which result from such wrongful invoking of the jurisdiction, provided they be otherwise properly chargeable against him.


WVC 59-2-13 §59-2-13. Who is to tax costs.
The clerk of a court wherein a party recovers costs shall tax the same.


WVC 59-2-14 §59-2-14. Taxation of statute fees.
He shall include in the costs to the prevailing party:

(a) In any civil action, ten dollars;

(b) In civil actions in any court of limited jurisdiction, the same fees as are allowed in a circuit court for like actions.


WVC 59-2-15 §59-2-15. General taxation of costs.
The clerk shall tax in the costs all fees of officers, or other persons properly acting in lieu of officers, which the said party appears to be chargeable with, in the case wherein the recovery is, except that where, in any court on the same side, more than one copy of anything is obtained or taken out, in which may be included a copy of any pleading in a pending case, there shall be taxed only the fee for one copy of the same thing. He shall also tax fifty cents for each legal notice from such party therein, served in this state, and not otherwise taxed; the costs of executing any order of publication made in the case for such party and of any advertisement from him in the case, made in pursuance of law; and the allowances to his witnesses, and every further sum which the court may deem reasonable and direct to be taxed for depositions, taken in or out of the state, or for any other matter.


WVC 59-2-16 §59-2-16. Taxation of costs for witnesses; entry after execution or adjournment; assignment or transfer of costs.
The court may restrict the taxation in the costs for witnesses to so many as may be deemed just. No entry for a witness shall be made against a party recovering costs after execution has issued for such party; and in no case shall there be an entry of a witness for attendance at a term of court after the adjournment of such term. No assignment or transfer of any costs, expenses or fees payable out of the state treasury shall be valid unless the same be in writing, indorsed on or annexed to the voucher issued therefor, signed by the person entitled thereto and duly acknowledged before an officer authorized by law to take acknowledgments of deeds or other writings, or attested by two witnesses who shall state their respective names and post- office addresses.


WVC 59 - 2 - 17 §59-2-17. Fees of prosecuting attorney.

The clerk shall include in the costs, for fees of the prosecuting attorney, the following:

(a) In cases of misdemeanor, or an action upon a bond for a violation of the license laws, fifteen dollars, of which five dollars of that amount shall be deposited in the courthouse facilities improvement fund created by section six, article twenty-six, chapter twenty-nine of this code;

(b) In a case of bastardy, ten dollars;

(c) In a suit or proceeding upon a forfeited recognizance upon behalf of the state, five percent upon the amount recovered and paid into the treasury;

(d) In cases of felony, thirty-five dollars, of which five dollars of that amount shall be deposited in the courthouse facilities improvement fund created by section six, article twenty-six, chapter twenty-nine of this code;

(e) In any other case of the state, if a different fee is not prescribed, ten dollars.

Such fees shall be collected and accounted for as provided in article one of this chapter, but shall not in any case be paid out of the county or state treasury.


WVC 59-2-18 §59-2-18. Judgment or decree on behalf of state for costs.
In a case wherein there is judgment or decree on behalf of the state for costs, there shall be taxed in the costs the charge actually incurred to give any notice, although it be more than fifty cents and mileage, and the fees of attorneys and other officers for services, and allowances for attendance, as if such fees and allowances were payable out of the treasury. What is so taxed for fees of, or allowance to, any person shall be collected, paid over and accounted for according to law.


WVC 59-2-19 §59-2-19. Premiums on surety company bonds.
The clerk or justice shall include in the costs of all actions, suits or proceedings, and the party entitled to recover costs may recover as part thereof, such sum as may have been paid by such party to a company, authorized under the laws of this state so to do, for executing or guaranteeing any bond, undertaking, or obligation therein, not exceeding, however, one third of one percent per annum on the amount of such bond or obligation.


WVC -3- ARTICLE 3. NEWSPAPERS AND LEGAL ADVERTISEMENTS.


WVC 59 - 3 - 1 §59-3-1. Definitions and general provisions.
(a) As used in this article, elsewhere in this code or in any other provision of law:

(1) "Legal advertisement" means any notice, advertisement, statement, information or other matter required by law or court to be published.

(2) "Publication area" means the area or areas for which a legal advertisement is required by law or court to be made.

(3) "Once a week for two successive weeks" means two publications of a legal advertisement in a qualified newspaper occurring within a period of fourteen consecutive days with at least an interval of six full days within the period between the date of the first publication and the date of the second publication.

(4) "Once a week for three successive weeks" means three publications of a legal advertisement in a qualified newspaper occurring within a period of twenty-one consecutive days with at least an interval of six full days within the period between the date of the first publication and the date of the second publication and with at least an interval of six full days within the period between the date of the second publication and the date of the third publication.

(5) "Publication date" means the date on which a qualified newspaper is first placed in circulation.

(6) "General circulation" means not only a newspaper meeting the other qualifications specified in subsection (b) of this section and circulated among and of interest to the general public in the area in which it circulates, but also a newspaper meeting said other qualifications, the actual circulation of which throughout the publication area is large enough to give basis for a reasonable belief that publication of a legal advertisement in the newspaper will give effective notice to the residents of the publication area.

(b) Wherever the term "qualified newspaper" or "qualified newspapers" is used in this article, or the term "newspaper" or "newspapers" is used elsewhere in this code or in any other provision of law in connection with a legal advertisement as herein defined in this section, the terms shall be taken to mean only a newspaper or newspapers, as the case may be, published (unless otherwise expressly provided) in the state of West Virginia and which meet the following qualifications:

(1) Any newspaper shall be of regular issue and must have a bona fide, general circulation in the publication area. A newspaper is considered to be of regular issue if it is published regularly, as frequently as once a week, for at least fifty weeks during the calendar year as prescribed by its mailing permit; and has been published for at least one year immediately preceding the date on which the legal advertisement is delivered to the newspaper for publication. A newspaper is considered to be of bona fide, general circulation in the publication area if it meets the definition of "general circulation" as defined in this section and is circulated to the general public at a definite price or consideration.

(2) Any newspaper shall bear a title or name, consist of not less than four pages without a cover, and be a newspaper to which the general public resorts for passing events of a political, religious, commercial and social nature, and for current happenings, announcements, miscellaneous reading matters, advertisements and other notices.

(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code or law to the contrary, a qualified newspaper shall for all purposes be considered to be published where it is first placed in circulation.


WVC 59 - 3 - 2 §59-3-2. Classification of legal advertisements; designation of newspapers; frequency of publication; posting; manner of publishing.
(a) A Class I legal advertisement shall be published one time, a Class II legal advertisement shall be published once a week for two successive weeks and a Class III legal advertisement shall be published once a week for three successive weeks in a qualified newspaper published in the publication area; or if there is no qualified newspaper published in the publication area or if no qualified newspaper published in the publication area will publish the legal advertisement at the rates specified in section three of this article, the legal advertisement shall be published in a qualified newspaper published outside the publication area; or if no qualified newspaper is published outside the publication area or if no qualified newspaper published outside the publication area will publish the legal advertisement at the rates specified in section three of this article, the legal advertisement shall be posted in at least three public places in the publication area, one of which postings shall be in the county courthouse, at or near the front door of the county courthouse, if a county courthouse is located in the publication area and one of which postings shall be in the municipal office building or municipal office or offices, at or near the front door thereof, if the publication area is a municipality.

(b) A Class I-0 legal advertisement shall be published one time, a Class II-0 legal advertisement shall be published once a week for two successive weeks, and a Class III-0 legal advertisement shall be published once a week for three successive weeks, in two qualified newspapers of opposite politics published in the publication area; or if two qualified newspapers of opposite politics are not published in the publication area or if two qualified newspapers of opposite politics published in the publication area will not publish the legal advertisement at the rates specified in section three of this article, the legal advertisement shall be published in one qualified newspaper published in the publication area; or if there is no qualified newspaper published in the publication area or if no qualified newspaper published in the publication area will publish the legal advertisement at the rates specified in section three of this article, the legal advertisement shall be published in one qualified newspaper published outside the publication area; or if no qualified newspaper is published outside the publication area or if no qualified newspaper published outside the publication area will publish the legal advertisement at the rates specified in section three of this article, the legal advertisement shall be posted in at least three public places in the publication area, one of which postings shall be in the county courthouse, at or near the front door thereof, if a county courthouse is located in the publication area and one of which postings shall be in the municipal office building or municipal office or offices, at or near the front door thereof, if the publication area is a municipality.

(c) A legal advertisement may be published in a qualified newspaper published on any day of the week except Sunday.

(d) All legal advertisements shall be published together in continuous columns on one page of the newspaper publishing them under a general heading styled "Legal Advertisements", unless the number or size of the legal advertisements requires the use of more than one page, in which event the legal advertisements shall be published as near as practicable in continuous columns on as many pages as necessary under the same heading as above required.


WVC 59 - 3 - 3 §59-3-3. Rates for legal advertisements; computation; filing affidavits with secretary of state.
(a) The rates which a publisher or proprietor of a qualified newspaper in West Virginia may charge and receive for a single or first publication of any legal advertisement set solid depends on the bona fide circulation of the newspaper, as follows:

(1) Four cents per word if the qualified newspaper has a bona fide circulation of less than one thousand, except as provided in subdivision (1), subsection (a) of this section;

(2) Eight and one-half cents per word if the qualified newspaper has a bona fide circulation of one thousand to five thousand;

(3) Nine cents per word if the qualified newspaper has a bona fide circulation of more than five thousand but less than ten thousand;

(4) Ten cents per word if the qualified newspaper has a bona fide circulation of more than ten thousand and less than thirty thousand; or

(5) Eleven cents per word if the qualified newspaper has a bona fide circulation of thirty thousand or more: Provided, That on the first day of July in the year two thousand three and on the first day of July in the year two thousand four and on the first day of July in the year two thousand five the allowable rate per word in each of the classifications of qualified newspapers with reference to circulation as set forth in this subsection shall, for each classification, increase one cent per word over the prior year's rate.

(b) In computing the number of words in a legal advertisement, not set solid, the basis is the size of type in which legal advertising is set by the qualified newspaper making the publication and shall be computed at the legal rate as though the matter were solid type, that is to say, on the basis of eighty-four words to the single column inch in six point type and fifty-four words to the single column inch in eight point type and any other size type in proportion.

(c) In determining the cost of a legal advertisement which is to appear more than once in the same qualified newspaper, the cost for the first publication shall be computed as specified in subsections (a) and (b) of this section and the cost of the second and each subsequent publication shall be seventy-five percent of the cost of the first publication computed as specified in subsections (a) and (b) of this section.

(d) The average bona fide circulation stated by each qualified newspaper in the statement filed by the newspaper with the United States post office department in October of each year shall control the rate of circulation classification of the qualified newspaper for the period commencing the first day of July of each year until the last day of June of the following year. On or before the first day of November of each year, the publisher or proprietor of each newspaper desiring to publish any legal advertisement during the ensuing one year time period commencing the first day of July shall file with the secretary of state an affidavit stating the average bona fide circulation of the newspaper during the preceding twelve month time period ending the thirtieth day of September of each year and shall set forth sufficient facts in the affidavit to show whether the newspaper is a qualified newspaper. The average bona fide circulation stated in the affidavit by each qualified newspaper shall control the rate circulation classification for the ensuing twelve-month period commencing the first day of July. Any qualified newspaper for which the required affidavit is not filed on or before the first day of March of any calendar year shall be conclusively presumed to have for the ensuing twelve-month period commencing the first day of July of such year a bona fide circulation of less than one thousand. At the time a publisher or proprietor of a qualified newspaper files an affidavit with the secretary of state, as required by this subsection, the publisher or proprietor shall notify the clerk of the county commission and the board of education of the county in which the qualified newspaper is published of the circulation classification of the qualified newspaper and of the applicable rate for publishing legal advertisements in the qualified newspaper during the ensuing twelve-month period commencing the first day of July. If the qualified newspaper is published in a municipality, the publisher or proprietor shall at the same time also furnish the same notification to the clerk or recorder of the municipality.

(e) The rate charged for political advertising appearing in a newspaper at any time or times during the time period commencing thirty days prior to any primary or general election and ending the day following the election may not exceed one hundred five percent of the lowest commercial rate charged by the newspaper in which the political advertising appears.

(f) Nothing contained in this section prohibits qualified newspapers from charging less than the specified rates for any legal advertisement or from charging usual and customary rates for notarizing and producing additional copies of the affidavits and statements required in section four of this article.


WVC 59 - 3 - 4 §59-3-4. Proof of publication and posting.
(a) Any qualified newspaper publishing a legal advertisement incident to any type of judicial proceeding or any provision in a deed of trust or contract, or incident to any other case if required by the responsible party placing the legal advertisement for publication, shall make and furnish under oath an affidavit of publication of each legal advertisement published, showing the number of times it was published in the qualified newspaper, the dates of the publications and the cost of the publications. When posting of any legal advertisement is required in addition to publication of the legal advertisement in a qualified newspaper, the posting shall be done by the party responsible for causing the legal advertisement to be published. In any case where any legal advertisement is not required to be published in a qualified newspaper but is required to be posted, an affidavit of the type provided for in this section with respect to posting shall be made by the party who would have been responsible for causing the legal advertisement to be published in a qualified newspaper had it been required.

(b) The affidavit of the publisher or proprietor of a qualified newspaper required by this section, together with a copy of the legal advertisement as published, constitutes prima facie evidence that the legal advertisement was published or published and posted as stated in the affidavit.


WVC 59-3-5 §59-3-5. Mandamus to compel publication.
Any citizen, taxpayer, or the publisher or proprietor of any qualified newspaper entitled by law to have any legal advertisement published in his qualified newspaper, which any county court or tribunal created in lieu thereof, board of education, governing body of any municipal corporation, or public officer, shall fail or refuse to make, may have a writ of mandamus to compel such publication, if a qualified newspaper is willing to accept the legal advertisement for publication at the rates prescribed in section three of this article.


WVC 59-3-6 §59-3-6. Political advertisements.
In no case involving the publication of paid advertisements for candidates for political office shall the rate charged by any publisher or proprietor of any newspaper be more than the average rate received by him from private patrons for similar advertising composed of reading matter or photographs and requiring the same amount of space.


WVC 59-3-7 §59-3-7. Criminal and civil penalties.
(a) Any person who publishes a legal advertisement and who knowingly refused to file with the secretary of state the affidavit for the fiscal year in which the legal advertisement was published, as required by the provisions of section three of this article, or to make and furnish the affidavit required by the provisions of section four of this article, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars.

(b) Any person who shall knowingly file a false affidavit required by the provisions of this article shall be guilty of false swearing, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished as provided for that offense.

(c) Any qualified newspaper which shall knowingly charge any rates in excess of those specified in section three of this article, and any newspaper which shall knowingly charge any rates in excess of those specified in section six of this article, as the case may be, shall be liable to the person damaged thereby for treble damages.


WVC 59-3-8 §59-3-8. Construction of article; repeal; subsequent legislation.
This article is intended to standardize and make uniform certain areas of the law relating to newspapers, qualified newspapers, legal advertisements and publication of a newspaper or qualified newspaper, and to this end all other provisions in this code or elsewhere in law pertaining to such subjects shall be construed so as to conform to and be consistent with the pertinent provisions of this article. As to those provisions in this code or elsewhere in law which are so inconsistent with the provisions of this article as to preclude such construction, such other provisions, whether general or specific in character, are hereby repealed to the extent of such inconsistency. No subsequent legislation shall be held to supersede or modify the provisions of this article except to the extent that such legislation shall do so specifically and expressly. The provisions of this act shall not affect the publication and/or posting of any legal advertisements commenced, in process or completed prior to the effective date of this act.


WVC 59-3-9 §59-3-9. Severability.
If any provision of this act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held unconstitutional or invalid, such unconstitutionality or invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of the act, and to this end, the provisions of this act are declared to be severable.


Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
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