(b) The division of juvenile services shall consist of two subdivisions:
(1) The office of juvenile detention, which shall assume responsibility for operating and maintaining centers for the predispositional detention of juveniles, including juveniles who have been transferred to adult criminal jurisdiction under section ten, article five of this chapter and juveniles who are awaiting transfer to a juvenile corrections facility; and
(2) The office of juvenile corrections, which shall assume responsibility for operating and maintaining juvenile corrections facilities.
(c) Notwithstanding any provisions of this code to the contrary, whenever a juvenile is ordered into the custody of the division of juvenile services, the director shall have the authority to place the juvenile while he or she is in the division's custody at whichever facility operated by the division is deemed by the director to be most appropriate considering the juvenile's well-being and any recommendations of the court placing the juvenile in the division's custody.
(1) Cooperating with the United States department of justice in operating, maintaining and improving juvenile correction facilities and predispositional detention centers, complying with regulations thereof, and receiving and expending federal funds for the services, as set forth in section one, article one of this chapter;
(2) Providing care for children needing secure detention pending disposition by a court having juvenile jurisdiction or temporary care following such court action, as set forth in section sixteen, article two of this chapter;
(3) Assigning the necessary personnel and providing adequate space for the support and operation of any facility providing for the secure detention of children committed to the care of the division of juvenile services, as set forth in section six, article five-a of this chapter;
(4) Proposing rules which outline policies and procedures governing the operation of correctional, detention and other facilities in its division wherein juveniles may be securely housed, as set forth in section sixteen-a, article five of this chapter;
(5) Assigning the necessary personnel and providing adequate space for the support and operation of its facilities, as set forth in section six, article five-a of this chapter;
(6) Developing a comprehensive plan to maintain and improve a unified state system of regional predispositional detention centers for juveniles, as set forth in section thirteen-e, article five and section six-a, article five-a of this chapter;
(7) Working in cooperation with the department of health and human resources in establishing, maintaining, and continuously refining and developing a balanced and comprehensive state program for children who have been adjudicated delinquent, as set forth in section two, article six-b of this chapter;
(8) In cooperation with the department of health and human resources establishing programs and services within available funds, designed to prevent juvenile delinquency, to divert juveniles from the juvenile justice system, to provide community-based alternatives to juvenile detention and correctional facilities and to encourage a diversity of alternatives within the juvenile justice system, as set forth in section four, article five-b of this chapter.
Working in collaboration with the department of health and human resources, the division of juvenile services shall employ a comprehensive strategy for the social and rehabilitative programming and treatment of juveniles, consistent with the principles adopted by the office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention of the office of justice programs of the United States department of justice.
(b) After the effective date of the amendment to this section, enacted during the regular session of the Legislature, one thousand nine hundred ninety-eight, the division of juvenile services shall assume all responsibility for funding, operating, maintaining, administering and managing the Kanawha home for children. To this end, the director of the division of juvenile services may enter into a lease agreement with the Kanawha county commission, for the premises and all improvements, appurtenances, equipment and furnishings on the premises constituting the Kanawha home for children, and may operate, manage and maintain the facility as one of the several centers under the supervision and control of the division which provide secure predispositional detention of juveniles, including juveniles who have been transferred to adult criminal jurisdiction under section ten, article five of this chapter and juveniles who are awaiting transfer to a juvenile corrections facility.
(b) All persons employed at a juvenile detention or corrections facility shall be employed at a salary and with benefits consistent with the approved plan of compensation of the Division of Personnel, created under section five, article six, chapter twenty-nine of this code; all employees shall also be covered by the policies and procedures of the West Virginia Public Employees Grievance Board, created under article two, chapter six-c of this code and the classified service protection policies of the Division of Personnel.
(b) In providing or arranging for the necessary medical and other care and treatment of juveniles committed to the division's custody, the director shall utilize service providers who provide the same or similar services to juveniles under existing contracts with the Department of Health and Human Resources. In order to obtain the most advantageous reimbursement rates, to capitalize on an economy of scale and to avoid duplicative systems and procedures, the department shall administer and process all claims for medical or other treatment of juveniles committed to the division's custody.
(c) In providing or arranging for the necessary medical and other care and treatment of juveniles committed to the division's custody, the director shall assure that pregnant inmates will not be restrained after reaching the second trimester of pregnancy until the end of the pregnancy: Provided, That if the inmate, based upon her classification, discipline history or other factors deemed relevant by the director poses a threat of escape, or to the safety of herself, the public, staff, or the unborn child, the inmate may be restrained in a manner reasonably necessary: Provided, however, That prior to directing the application of restraints and where there is no threat to the safety of the inmate, the public, staff or the fetus, the director or designee shall consult with an appropriate health care professional to assure that the manner of restraint will not pose an unreasonable risk of harm to the inmate or the fetus.
(d) For purposes of implementing the mandates of this section, the director is hereby authorized and directed to enter into any necessary agreements with the Department of Health and Human Resources. Any such agreement shall specify, at a minimum, for the direct and incidental costs associated with such care and treatment to be paid by the Division of Juvenile Services.
(b) Subject to appropriations by the Legislature, the state board is authorized: (1) To provide education programs and services for juveniles on the grounds of secure predispositional detention centers; (2) to hire classroom teachers and other school personnel necessary to provide adequate and appropriate education opportunities to these juveniles; and (3) to provide education services for the detained juveniles on a twelve-month basis.
(c) The division of juvenile services shall cooperate with the state board and the state superintendent in the establishment and maintenance of education programs authorized under this section. Subject to appropriations by the Legislature, the division of juvenile services shall provide, or cause to be provided, adequate space and facilities for the education programs. The state board may not be required to construct, improve or maintain any building, other improvement to real estate or fixtures attached thereto at any secure predispositional detention center for the purpose of establishing and maintaining an education program.
(d) The state board may develop and approve rules in accordance with article three-a, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code for the education of juveniles in secure predispositional detention centers.
(b) Nothing in this section shall be construed as to make a juvenile correctional or detention officer employed by the division of juvenile services a law-enforcement officer as defined in section one, article twenty-nine, chapter thirty of this code.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2012 1st Special Session