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WVC 49-5B-1 §49-5B-1. Short title.
This article shall be known and cited as the "West Virginia Juvenile Offender Rehabilitation Act."

WVC 49-5B-2 §49-5B-2. Purpose and intent.
It is the purpose and intent of the Legislature to provide for the creation of all reasonable means and methods that can be established by a humane and enlightened state, solicitous of the welfare of its children, for the prevention of delinquency and for the care and rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents and status offenders. It is further the intent of the Legislature that this state, through the department of health and human resources, establish, maintain, and continuously refine and develop, a balanced and comprehensive state program for juveniles who are potentially delinquent or are status offenders or juvenile delinquents in the care or custody of the department.

WVC 49 - 5 B- 3 §49-5B-3.

Acts, 1997 Reg. Sess., Ch. 54.

WVC 49 - 5 B- 4 §49-5B-4. Responsibilities of the department of health and human resources and division of juvenile services of the department of military affairs and public safety.
(a) The department of health and human resources and the division of juvenile services of the department of military affairs and public safety are empowered to jointly establish, and shall establish, subject to the limits of funds available or otherwise appropriated therefor, programs and services designed to prevent juvenile delinquency, to divert juveniles from the juvenile justice system, to provide community-based alternatives to juvenile detention and correctional facilities and to encourage a diversity of alternatives within the child welfare and juvenile justice system. The development, maintenance and expansion of programs and services may include, but not be limited to, the following:

(1) Community-based programs and services for the prevention and treatment of juvenile delinquency through the development of foster-care and shelter-care homes, group homes, halfway houses, homemaker and home health services, twenty-four hour intake screening, volunteer and crisis home programs, day treatment and any other designated community-based diagnostic, treatment or rehabilitative service;

(2) Community-based programs and services to work with parents and other family members to maintain and strengthen the family unit so that the juvenile may be retained in his or her home;

(3) Youth service bureaus and other community-based programs to divert youth from the juvenile court or to support, counsel, or provide work and recreational opportunities for status offenders, juvenile delinquents and other youth to help prevent delinquency;

(4) Projects designed to develop and implement programs stressing advocacy activities aimed at improving services for and protecting rights of youth affected by the juvenile justice system;

(5) Educational programs or supportive services designed to encourage status offenders, juvenile delinquents, and other youth to remain in elementary and secondary schools or in alternative learning situations;

(6) Expanded use of professional and paraprofessional personnel and volunteers to work effectively with youth;

(7) Youth initiated programs and outreach programs designed to assist youth who otherwise would not be reached by traditional youth assistance programs; and

(8) A statewide program designed to reduce the number of commitments of juveniles to any form of juvenile facility as a percentage of the state juvenile population; to increase the use of nonsecure community-based facilities as a percentage of total commitments to juvenile facilities; and to discourage the use of secure incarceration and detention.

(b) The department of health and human resources shall establish, within the funds available, an individualized program of rehabilitation for each status offender referred to the department and to each alleged juvenile delinquent referred to the department after being allowed an improvement period by the juvenile court, and for each adjudicated juvenile delinquent who, after adjudication, is referred to the department for investigation or treatment or whose custody is vested in the department. Such individualized program of rehabilitation shall take into account the programs and services to be provided by other public or private agencies or personnel which are available in the community to deal with the circumstances of the particular juvenile. For alleged juvenile delinquents and status offenders, such individualized program of rehabilitation shall be furnished to the juvenile court and shall be available to counsel for the juvenile; it may be modified from time to time at the direction of the department or by order of the juvenile court. The department may develop an individualized program of rehabilitation for any juvenile referred for noncustodial counseling under section five, article three of this chapter, for any juvenile receiving counsel and advice under section three-a, article five of this chapter, or for any other juvenile upon the request of a public or private agency.

(c) The department of health and human resources and the division of juvenile services are authorized and directed to enter into cooperative arrangements and agreements with each other and with private agencies or with agencies of the state and its political subdivisions to fulfill their respective duties under this article and chapter.

WVC 49-5B-5 §49-5B-5. Rehabilitative facilities for status offenders.
(a) The department of health and human resources shall, within the limits of state and federal funds appropriated therefor, establish and maintain one or more rehabilitative facilities to be used exclusively for the lawful custody of status offenders. Each such facility shall be a nonsecure facility having as its purpose the rehabilitation of status offenders. Such facility shall have a bed capacity for not more than twenty juveniles, and shall minimize the institutional atmosphere and prepare the juvenile for reintegration into the community.

(b) Within the funds available, rehabilitative programs and services shall be provided by or through each such facility and may include, but not be limited to, medical, educational, vocational, social and psychological guidance, training, counseling, alcoholism treatment, drug treatment and other rehabilitative services. The department of health and human resources shall provide to each status offender committed to the facility a program of treatment and services consistent with the individualized program of rehabilitation developed for such juvenile. In the case of any other juvenile residing at the facility, the department shall provide such programs and services as may be proper in the circumstances including, but not limited to, any such programs or services directed to be provided by the court.

(c) The board of education of the county in which the facility is located shall provide instruction for juveniles residing at the facility. Residents who can be permitted to do so shall attend local schools, and instruction shall otherwise take place at the facility.

(d) Facilities established pursuant to this section shall be structured as community-based facilities.

WVC 49 - 5 B- 5 A §49-5B-5a. Creating the Juvenile Services Reimbursement Offender Fund.
There is hereby created within the State Treasury a special revenue account designated "The Juvenile Services Status Offender Fund" within and for the benefit of the Division of Juvenile Services for expenses incurred in housing juvenile status offenders in need of stabilization and specialized supervision due to chronic runaway behavior. Moneys shall be paid into the account by the Department of Health and Human Resources based upon an established per diem rate. The Department of Health and Human Resources and the Division of Juvenile Services shall jointly establish the per diem rate to be paid into the fund by the Department of Health and Human Resources for each juvenile status offender in need of stabilization and specialized supervision due to chronic runaway behavior housed in a Division of Juvenile Services staff secure facility pursuant to the provisions of this article and by cooperative agreement. The Director of Juvenile Services is authorized to make expenditures from the fund in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twelve of this code to offset expenses incurred by the Division of Juvenile Services in housing, treatment and caring for juvenile offenders.

WVC 49-5B-6 §49-5B-6. Enforcement of legal custody.
The department of health and human resources shall have authority to require any juvenile committed to its legal custody to remain at and to return to the residence to which the juvenile is assigned by the department or by the juvenile court. In aid of such authority, and upon request of a designated employee of the department, any police officer, sheriff, deputy sheriff, or juvenile court probation officer is authorized to take any such juvenile into custody and return such juvenile to his or her place of residence or into the custody of a designated employee of the department.

WVC 49-5B-7 §49-5B-7. Reporting requirements; cataloguing of services.
(a) The department of health and human resources shall from time to time, but not less often than annually, review its programs and services and submit a report to the governor, the Legislature and the supreme court of appeals, analyzing and evaluating the effectiveness of the programs and services being carried out by the department. Such report shall include, but not be limited to, an analysis and evaluation of programs and services continued, established and discontinued during the period covered by the report, and shall further describe programs and services which should be implemented to further the purposes of this article. Such report shall also include, but not be limited to, relevant information concerning the number of juveniles comprising the population of any rehabilitative facility during the period covered by the report, the length of residence, the nature of the problems of each juvenile, the juvenile's response to programs and services and such other information as will enable a user of the report to ascertain the effectiveness of the facility as a rehabilitative facility.

(b) The department of health and human resources shall prepare a descriptive catalogue of its juvenile programs and services available in local communities throughout this state and shall distribute copies of the same to every juvenile court in the state and, at the direction of the juvenile court, such catalogue shall be distributed to attorneys practicing before such court. Such catalogue shall also be made available to members of the general public upon request. The catalogue shall contain sufficient information as to particular programs and services so as to enable a user of the catalogue to make inquiries and referrals. The catalogue shall be constructed so as to meaningfully identify and describe programs and services. The requirements of this section are not satisfied by a simple listing of specific agencies or the individuals in charge of programs at a given time. The catalogue shall be updated and republished or supplemented from time to time as may be required to maintain its usefulness as a resource manual.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2015 Regular Session
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