A partner is dissociated from a partnership upon the occurrence of any of the following events:
(1) The partnership's having notice of the partner's express will to withdraw as a partner or on a later date specified by the partner;
(2) An event agreed to in the partnership agreement as causing the partner's dissociation;
(3) The partner's expulsion pursuant to the partnership agreement;
(4) The partner's expulsion by the unanimous vote of the other partners if:
(i) It is unlawful to carry on the partnership business with that partner;
(ii) There has been a transfer of all or substantially all of that partner's transferable interest in the partnership, other than a transfer for security purposes, or a court order charging the partner's interest, which has not been foreclosed;
(iii) Within ninety days after the partnership notifies a corporate partner that it will be expelled because it has filed a certificate of dissolution or the equivalent, its charter has been revoked, or its right to conduct business has been suspended by the jurisdiction of its incorporation, there is no revocation of the certificate of dissolution or no reinstatement of its charter or its right to conduct business; or
(iv) A partnership that is a partner has been dissolved and its business is being wound up;
(5) On application by the partnership or another partner, the partner's expulsion by judicial determination because:
(i) The partner engaged in wrongful conduct that adversely and materially affected the partnership business;
(ii) The partner willfully or persistently committed a material breach of the partnership agreement or of a duty owed to the partnership or the other partners under section four, article four of this chapter; or
(iii) The partner engaged in conduct relating to the partnership business which makes it not reasonably practicable to carry on the business in partnership with the partner;
(6) The partner's:
(i) Becoming a debtor in bankruptcy;
(ii) Executing an assignment for the benefit of creditors;
(iii) Seeking, consenting to, or acquiescing in the appointment of a trustee, receiver, or liquidator of that partner or of all or substantially all of that partner's property; or
(v) Failing, within ninety days after the appointment, to have vacated or stayed the appointment of a trustee, receiver, or liquidator of the partner or of all or substantially all of the partner's property obtained without the partner's consent or acquiescence, or failing within ninety days after the expiration of a stay to have the appointment vacated;
(7) In the case of a partner who is an individual:
(i) The partner's death;
(ii) The appointment of a guardian or general conservator for the partner; or
(iii) A judicial determination that the partner has otherwise become incapable of performing the partner's duties under the partnership agreement;
(8) In the case of a partner that is a trust or is acting as a partner by virtue of being a trustee of a trust, distribution of the trust's entire transferable interest in the partnership, but not merely by reason of the substitution of a successor trustee;
(9) In the case of a partner that is an estate or is acting as a partner by virtue of being a personal representative of an estate, distribution of the estate's entire transferable interest in the partnership, but not merely by reason of the substitution of a successor personal representative; or
(10) Termination of a partner who is not an individual,partnership, corporation, trust or estate.
(b) A partner's dissociation is wrongful only if:
(1) It is in breach of an express provision of the partnership agreement; or
(2) In the case of a partnership for a definite term or particular undertaking, before the expiration of the term or the completion of the undertaking:
(i) The partner withdraws by express will, unless the withdrawal follows within ninety days after another partner's dissociation by death or otherwise under subdivisions (6) through (10), section one, article six of this chapter or wrongful dissociation under this subsection;
(ii) The partner is expelled by judicial determination under subdivision (5), section one, article six of this chapter;
(iii) The partner is dissociated by becoming a debtor in bankruptcy; or
(iv) In the case of a partner who is not an individual, trust other than a business trust, or estate, the partner is expelled or otherwise dissociated because it willfully dissolved or terminated.
(c) A partner who wrongfully dissociates is liable to the partnership and to the other partners for damages caused by the dissociation. The liability is in addition to any other obligation of the partner to the partnership or to the other partners.
(b) Upon a partner's dissociation:
(1) The partner's right to participate in the management and conduct of the partnership business terminates, except as otherwise provided in section three, article eight of this chapter;
(2) The partner's duty of loyalty under subdivision (3), section four, article four of this chapter terminates; and
(3) The partner's duty of loyalty under subdivisions (1) and (2), section four (b), article four of this chapter, and duty of care under subsection (c), section four, article four of this chapter continue only with regard to matters arising and events occurring before the partner's dissociation, unless the partner participates in winding up the partnership's business pursuant to section three, article eight of this chapter.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2015 Regular Session
The WV Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.