A public officer who shall either pay over or fail or refuse to pay over, in satisfaction of such execution, money due the judgment debtor shall be personally liable therefor only if he shall have acted in bad faith, even though such payment or failure or refusal to pay shall have been in violation of the rights of one or more parties in interest.
If a political subdivision be the suggestee and shall fail or refuse to pay over to the officer who served the execution the amount due the judgment debtor or the required percentage thereof in the case of salary or wages, it shall be liable to an action therefor by the judgment creditor named in the execution and the amount recovered in the action shall be applied toward the payment of the execution.
No judgment may be recovered against the state as suggestee but a judgment creditor may bring an action against the proper officer for a declaratory judgment establishing his right to have sums due or to become due to his judgment debtor or from the state or a state agency applied in satisfaction of a suggestee execution issued on his judgment pursuant to this article. Such an action may be brought against the state auditor only in the circuit court of Kanawha county. Costs shall be in the discretion of the court.