(a) "Board" means the board of directors of the plan.
(b) "Church plan" has the meaning given such term under Section 3(33) of the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974.
(c) "Commissioner" means the insurance commissioner of this state.
(d)(1) "Creditable coverage" means, with respect to an individual, coverage of the individual provided under any of the following:
(A) A group health plan;
(B) Health insurance coverage;
(C) Part A or Part B of Title XVIII of the Social Security Act;
(D) Title XIX of the Social Security Act, other than coverage consisting solely of benefits under section 1928;
(E) Chapter 55 of Title 10, U.S.C.;
(F) A medical care program of the federal Indian health service or of a tribal organization;
(G) A state health benefits risk pool;
(H) A health plan offered under Chapter 89 of Title 5, U.S.C.;
(I) A public health plan as defined in federal regulations; or
(J) A health benefit plan under Section 5(e) of the federal Peace Corps Act (22 U.S.C. 2504 (e)).
(2) A period of creditable coverage shall not be counted, with respect to the enrollment of an individual who seeks coverage under this article, if, after such period and before the enrollment date, the individual experiences a significant break in coverage.
(e) "Department" means the insurance commissioner of West Virginia.
(f) "Dependent" means a resident spouse or resident unmarried child under the age of nineteen years, a child who is a student under the age of twenty-three years and who is financially dependent upon the parent or a child of any age who is disabled and dependent upon the parent.
(g) "Federally defined eligible individual" means an individual:
(1) For whom, as of the date on which the individual seeks coverage under this article, the aggregate of the periods of creditable coverage as defined in subsection (d) of this section is eighteen or more months;
(2) Whose most recent prior creditable coverage was under a group health plan, governmental plan, church plan or health insurance coverage offered in connection with such a plan;
(3) Who is not eligible for coverage under a group health plan, Part A or Part B of Title XVIII of the Social Security Act (Medicare), or a state plan under Title XIX of Act (Medicaid) or any successor program and who does not have other health insurance coverage;
(4) With respect to whom the most recent coverage within the period of aggregate creditable coverage was not terminated based on a factor relating to nonpayment of premiums or fraud;
(5) Who, if offered the option of continuation coverage under a COBRA continuation provision or under a similar state program, elected this coverage; and
(6) Who has exhausted the continuation coverage under this provision or program, if the individual elected the continuation coverage described in subdivision (5) of this subsection.
(h) "Governmental plan" has the meaning given such term under Section 3(32) of the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 and any federal government plan.
(i) "Group health plan" means an employee welfare benefit plan as defined in Section 3(1) of the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 to the extent that the plan provides medical care as defined in subsection (m) of this section and including items and services paid for as medical care to employees or their dependents as defined under the terms of the plan directly or through insurance, reimbursement or otherwise.
(j)(1) "Health insurance coverage" means any hospital and medical expense incurred policy, nonprofit health care service plan contract, health maintenance organization subscriber contract, or any other health care plan or arrangement that pays for or furnishes medical or healthcare services whether by insurance or otherwise.
(2) "Health insurance coverage" shall not include one or more, or any combination of, the following:
(A) Coverage only for accident or disability income insurance, or any combination thereof;
(B) Coverage issued as a supplement to liability insurance;
(C) Liability insurance, including general liability insurance and automobile liability insurance;
(D) Workers' compensation or similar insurance;
(E) Automobile medical payment insurance;
(F) Credit-only insurance;
(G) Coverage for on-site medical clinics; and
(H) Other similar insurance coverage, specified in federal regulations issued pursuant to PL 104-191, under which benefits for medical care are secondary or incidental to other insurance benefits.
(3) "Health insurance coverage" shall not include the following benefits if they are provided under a separate policy, certificate or contract of insurance or are otherwise not an integral part of the coverage:
(A) Limited scope dental or vision benefits;
(B) Benefits for long-term care, nursing home care, home health care, community-based care or any combination thereof; or
(C) Other similar, limited benefits specified in federal regulations issued pursuant to PL 104-191.
(4) "Health insurance coverage" shall not include the following benefits if the benefits are provided under a separate policy, certificate or contract of insurance, there is no coordination between the provision of the benefits and any exclusion of benefits under any group health plan maintained by the same plan sponsor and the benefits are paid with respect to an event without regard to whether benefits are provided with respect to such an event under any group health plan maintained by the same plan sponsor:
(A) Coverage only for a specified disease or illness; or
(B) Hospital indemnity or other fixed indemnity insurance.
(5) "Health insurance coverage" shall not include the following if offered as a separate policy, certificate or contract of insurance:
(A) Medicare supplemental health insurance as defined under Section 1882(g)(1) of the Social Security Act;
(B) Coverage supplemental to the coverage provided under Chapter 55 of Title 10, U.S.C. (Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS)); or
(C) Similar supplemental coverage provided to coverage under a group health plan.
(k) "Health maintenance organization" means an organization licensed in this state pursuant to the provisions of article twenty-five-a of this chapter.
(l) "Insurer" means any entity that provides health insurance coverage in this state. For the purposes of this article, insurer includes an insurance company, a prepaid limited health service organization as operating under a certificate of authority pursuant to article twenty-five-d of this chapter, a fraternal benefit society, a health maintenance organization and any other entity providing a plan of health insurance coverage or health benefits subject to state insurance regulation.
(m) "Medical care" means amounts paid for:
(1) The diagnosis, care, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease, or amounts paid for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body;
(2) Transportation primarily for and essential to medical care referred to in subdivision (1) of this subsection; and
(3) Insurance covering medical referred to in subdivisions (1) and (2) of this subsection.
(n) "Medicare" means coverage under both Parts A and B of Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. 1395, et seq., as amended.
(o) "Participating insurer" means any insurer providing health insurance coverage to residents of this state.
(p) "Plan" means the West Virginia health insurance plan as created in section two of this article.
(q) "Plan of operation" means the articles, bylaws and operating rules and procedures adopted by the board pursuant to section two of this article.
(r) "Resident" means an individual who has been legally domiciled in this state for a period of at least thirty days, except that for a federally defined eligible individual, there shall not be a thirty-day requirement. "Resident" also means an individual who is legally domiciled in this state on the date of application to the plan and is eligible for the credit for health insurance costs under Section 35 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
(s) "Significant break in coverage" means a period of sixty-three consecutive days during all of which the individual does not have any creditable coverage, except that neither a waiting period nor an affiliation period is taken into account in determining a significant break in coverage.
Terms within this article with meaning ascribed by federal law shall have the meaning as in effect in federal law the thirty first day of December, two thousand three.
(b) The plan shall operate subject to the supervision and control of the board. The board shall consist of the commissioner or his or her designated representative, who shall serve as an ex officio member of the board and shall be its chairperson, and six members appointed by the Governor. At least two board members shall be individuals, or the parent, spouse or child of individuals, reasonably expected to qualify for coverage by the plan. At least two board members shall be representatives of insurers. At least one board member shall be a hospital administrator. A majority of the board shall be composed of individuals who are not representatives of insurers or health care providers.
(c) Board members shall serve for a term of three years. A board member's term shall continue until his or her successor is appointed.
(d) Vacancies in the board shall be filled by the Governor. Board members may be removed by the Governor for cause.
(e) Board members shall not be compensated in their capacity as board members but shall be reimbursed for reasonable expenses incurred in the necessary performance of their duties.
(f) The board shall submit to the commissioner a plan of operation for the plan and any amendments to the plan necessary or suitable to assure the fair, reasonable and equitable administration of the plan. The plan of operation shall become effective upon approval in writing by the commissioner consistent with the date on which the coverage under this article must be made available. If the board fails to submit a suitable plan of operation within one hundred eighty days after the appointment of the board of directors, or at any time thereafter fails to submit suitable amendments to the plan of operation, the commissioner shall adopt and promulgate any rules necessary or advisable to effectuate the provisions of this section. The rules shall continue in force until modified by the commissioner or superseded by a plan of operation submitted by the board and approved by the commissioner.
(g) The plan of operation shall:
(1) Establish procedures for operation of the plan: Provided, That the plan shall be operated so as to qualify as an acceptable alternative mechanism under the federal Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act and as an option to provide health insurance coverage for individuals eligible for the federal health care tax credit established by the federal Trade Adjustment Assistance Reform Act of 2002 (Section 35 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986);
(2) Establish procedures for selecting an administrator in accordance with section six of this article;
(3) Establish procedures for the handling, accounting and auditing of assets, moneys and claims of the plan and the plan administrator;
(4) Develop and implement a program to publicize the existence of the plan, the eligibility requirements and procedures for enrollment;
(5) Establish procedures under which applicants and participants may have grievances reviewed by a grievance committee appointed by the board. The grievances shall be reported to the board after completion of the review. The board shall retain all written complaints regarding the plan for at least three years; and
(6) Provide for other matters that are necessary and proper for the execution of the board's powers, duties and obligations under this article.
(h) The plan shall have the general powers and authority granted under the laws of this state to health insurers and, in addition thereto, the specific authority to:
(1) Enter into contracts that are necessary or proper to carry out the provisions and purposes of this article, including the authority, with the approval of the commissioner, to enter into contracts with similar plans of other states for the joint performance of common administrative functions or with persons or other organizations for the performance of administrative functions: Provided, That the provisions of article three, chapter five-a of this code relating to the Division of Purchasing of the Department of Administration do not apply to any contracts executed by or on behalf of the plan under this article;
(2) Sue or be sued, including taking any legal actions necessary or proper to recover or collect assessments due the plan;
(3) Take any necessary legal action:
(A) To avoid the payment of improper claims against the plan or the coverage provided by or through the plan;
(B) To recover any amounts erroneously or improperly paid by the plan;
(C) To recover any amounts paid by the plan as a result of mistake of fact or law; or
(D) To recover other amounts due the plan;
(4) Establish and modify, from time to time, as appropriate, rates, rate schedules, rate adjustments, expense allowances, agents' referral fees, claim reserve formulas and any other actuarial function appropriate to the operation of the plan. Rates and rate schedules may be adjusted for appropriate factors such as age, sex and geographic variation in claim cost and shall take into consideration appropriate factors in accordance with established actuarial and underwriting practices;
(5) Issue policies of insurance in accordance with the requirements of this article;
(6) Appoint appropriate legal, actuarial and other committees as necessary to provide technical assistance in the operation of the plan, policy and other contract design and any other function within the authority of the pool;
(7) Borrow money to effect the purposes of the plan. Any notes or other evidence of indebtedness of the plan not in default shall be legal investments for insurers and may be carried as admitted assets;
(8) Establish rules, conditions and procedures for reinsuring risks of participating insurers desiring to issue plan coverages in their own name. Provision of reinsurance shall not subject the plan to any of the capital or surplus requirements, if any, otherwise applicable to reinsurers;
(9) Employ and fix the compensation of employees, including an executive director of the plan. The executive director shall have overall management responsibility for the plan and is exempt from the classified service and not subject to the procedures and protections provided by article two, chapter six-c of this code and article six, chapter twenty-nine of this code;
(10) Prepare and distribute certificate of eligibility forms and enrollment instruction forms to insurance producers and to the general public;
(11) Provide for reinsurance of risks incurred by the plan;
(12) Issue additional types of health insurance policies to provide optional coverages, including medicare supplemental insurance; (13) Provide for and employ cost containment measures and requirements, including, but not limited to, preadmission screening, second surgical opinion, concurrent utilization review and individual case management for the purpose of making the benefit plan more cost effective;
(14) Design, use, contract or otherwise arrange for the delivery of cost-effective health care services, including establishing or contracting with preferred provider organizations, health maintenance organizations and other limited network provider arrangements: Provided, That all contracts with preferred provider organizations, health maintenance organizations, other network providers or other health care providers shall provide that plan participants are not personally liable for the cost of services covered by the plan other than applicable deductibles or copayments, including any balance claimed by the provider to be owed as being the difference between that provider's charge or charges and the amount payable by the plan; and
(15) Adopt bylaws, policies and procedures that are necessary or convenient for the implementation of this article and the operation of the plan.
(i) The board shall make an annual report to the Governor which shall also be filed with the Legislature. The report shall summarize the activities of the plan in the preceding calendar year, including the net written and earned premiums, plan enrollment, the expense of administration and the paid and incurred losses.
(j) Neither the board nor its employees are liable for any obligations of the plan. No member or employee of the board shall be liable and no cause of action of any nature may arise against them for any act or omission related to the performance of their powers and duties under this article unless the act or omission constitutes willful or wanton misconduct. The board may provide in its bylaws or rules for indemnification of, and legal representation for, its members and employees.
(1) Any individual who is and continues to be a resident of this state if evidence is provided; of a notice of rejection or refusal to issue substantially similar insurance for health reasons by one insurer or of a refusal by an insurer to issue insurance except at a rate exceeding the plan rate, except that a rejection or refusal by an insurer offering only stop loss, excess of loss or reinsurance coverage shall not be sufficient evidence under this subdivision;
(2) Any individual who is legally domiciled in this state and is eligible for the credit for health insurance costs under Section 35 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and
(3) Any federally defined eligible individual who has not experienced a significant break in coverage and who is and continues to be a resident of this state.
(b) The board shall promulgate a list of medical or health conditions for which a person is eligible for plan coverage without applying for health insurance coverage pursuant to subdivision (1), subsection (a) of this section. Persons who can demonstrate the existence or history of any medical or health conditions on the list promulgated by the board are not required to prove the evidence specified in said subdivision. The list shall be effective on the first day of the operation of the plan and may be amended, from time to time, as may be appropriate.
(c) Each dependent of a person who is eligible for plan coverage is also eligible for plan coverage.
(d) A person is not eligible for coverage under the plan if:
(1) The person has or obtains health insurance coverage substantially similar to or more comprehensive than a plan policy or would be eligible to have coverage if the person elected to obtain it, except that:
(A) A person may maintain other coverage for the period of time the person is satisfying any preexisting condition waiting period under a plan policy; and
(B) A person may maintain plan coverage for the period of time the person is satisfying a preexisting condition waiting period under another health insurance policy intended to replace the plan policy;
(2) The person is determined to be eligible for health care benefits under the state medicaid law or the West Virginia children's health insurance program;
(3) The person has previously terminated plan coverage unless twelve months have lapsed since such terminations, except that this subdivision does not apply with respect to an applicant who is a federally defined eligible individual or with respect to an applicant who has exhausted annual benefits under the West Virginia children's health insurance program;
(4) The plan has paid out one million dollars in benefits on behalf of the person;
(5) The person is an inmate or resident of a public institution, except that this subdivision does not apply with respect to an applicant who is a federally defined eligible individual; or
(6) The person's premiums are paid for or reimbursed under any government sponsored program or by any government agency or health care provider, except as an otherwise qualifying full-time employee, or dependent thereof, of a government agency or health care provider.
(e) Coverage shall cease:
(1) On the date a person is no longer a resident of this state;
(2) On the date a person requests coverage to end;
(3) Upon the death of the covered person;
(4) On the date state law requires cancellation of the policy; or
(5) At the option of the plan, thirty days after the plan makes any inquiry concerning the person's eligibility or place of residence to which the person does not reply.
(f) Except under the circumstance described in subsection (d) of this section, a person who ceases to meet the eligibility requirements of this section may be terminated at the end of the policy period for which the necessary premiums have been paid.
(1) The plan administrator's proven ability to handle health insurance coverage to individuals;
(2) The efficiency and timeliness of the plan administrator's claim processing procedures;
(3) An estimate of total charges for administering the plan;
(4) The plan administrator's ability to apply effective cost containment programs and procedures and to administer the plan in a cost efficient manner; and
(5) The financial condition and stability of the plan administrator.
(b) (1) The plan administrator shall serve for a period specified in the contract between the plan and the plan administrator subject to removal for cause and subject to any terms, conditions and limitations of the contract between the plan and the plan administrator.
(2) At least one year prior to the expiration of each period of service by a plan administrator, the board shall invite eligible entities, including the current plan administrator to submit bids to serve as the plan administrator. Selection of the plan administrator for the succeeding period shall be made at least six months prior to the end of the current period.
(c) The plan administrator shall perform such functions relating to the plan as may be assigned to it, including:
(1) Determination of eligibility;
(2) Payment of claims;
(3) Establishment of a premium billing procedure for collection of premium from persons covered under the plan; and
(4) Other necessary functions to assure timely payment of benefits to covered persons under the plan.
(d) The plan administrator shall submit regular reports to the board regarding the operation of the plan. The frequency, content and form of the report shall be specified in the contract between the board and the plan administrator.
(e) Following the close of each calendar year, the plan administrator shall determine net written and earned premiums, the expense of administration and the paid and incurred losses for the year and report this information to the board and the commission on a form prescribed by the commissioner.
(f) Notwithstanding any other provision in this section to the contrary, the board may elect to designate the public employees insurance agency as the plan administrator. If so designated, the public employees insurance agency shall provide the services set forth in subsection (c) of this section and shall be subject to the reporting requirements of subsections (d) and (e) of this section. The plan shall, if the public employees insurance agency is designated by the board as the plan administrator, reimburse health care providers at the same health care reimbursement rates then in effect for the West Virginia public employees insurance agency and health care providers are subject to the same prohibition against balance billing of plan participants as set forth in section four, article twenty-nine-d, chapter sixteen of this code.
(1) The plan shall establish premium rates for plan coverage as provided in subdivision (2) of this subsection. Separate schedules of premium rates based on age, sex and geographical location may apply for individual risks. Premium rates and schedules shall be submitted to the commissioner for approval prior to use.
(2) The plan, with the assistance of the commissioner, shall determine a standard risk rate by considering the premium rates charged by other insurers offering health insurance coverage to individuals. The standard risk rate shall be established using reasonable actuarial techniques and shall reflect anticipated experience and expenses for such coverage. Initial rates for plan coverage shall not be less than one hundred twenty-five percent of rates established as applicable for individual standard risks. Subject to the limits provided in this subdivision, subsequent rates shall be established to provide fully for the expected costs of claims including recovery of prior losses, expenses of operation, investment income of claim reserves and any other cost factors subject to the limitations described herein. In no event shall plan rates exceed one hundred fifty percent of rates applicable to individual standard risks.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (c), section eight, article twenty-nine-b, chapter sixteen of this code and not to be construed as in conflict therewith, the health care authority is authorized to increase the assessment obligation of hospitals in an amount not to exceed a maximum of twenty-five percent above the one tenth of one percent specified in said subsection and the entire assessment, including the additional assessment, shall be collected as specified in said subsection. Upon receipt of the additional assessment, the health care authority shall transfer all proceeds generated from the additional assessment collected to the special revenue account established in section seven-a of this article.
(c) The plan is authorized to receive and expend any federal grant.
(d) With the consent of the board, the commissioner is authorized to utilize his or her administrative staff and resources in administering this article. The board shall reimburse the commissioner for all costs of administrative and actuarial services, supplies and other costs incurred by the commissioner in implementing the provisions of this article.
(b) The following funds shall be paid into this account:
(1) All premium payments received from individuals insured by the plan;
(2) All other payments, gifts or income from any source; and
(3) Transfers from the health care authority of all proceeds generated from the additional assessment collected pursuant to subsection (b), section seven of this article at any time after the first day of July, two thousand four.
(b) In establishing the plan coverage, the board shall take into consideration the levels of health insurance coverage provided in the state and medical economic factors as may be deemed appropriate; and promulgate benefit levels, deductibles, coinsurance factors, exclusions and limitations determined to be generally reflective of and commensurate with health insurance coverage provided through a representative number of large employers in the state.
(c) The board may adjust any deductibles and coinsurance factors annually according to the medical component of the consumer price index.
(d) Preexisting conditions. --
(1) Plan coverage shall exclude charges or expenses incurred during the first six months following the effective date of coverage as to any condition for which medical advice, care or treatment was recommended or received as to such conditions during the six-month period immediately preceding the effective date of coverage, except that no preexisting condition exclusion shall be applied to a federally defined eligible individual. The board may propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to propose any other additional class of eligible individuals to which the preexisting condition exclusion may not apply.
(2) Subject to subdivision (1) of this subsection, the preexisting condition exclusions shall be waived to the extent that similar exclusions, if any, have been satisfied under any prior health insurance coverage which was involuntarily terminated: Provided, That:
(A) Application for pool coverage is made not later than sixty-three days following such involuntary termination and, in such case, coverage in the plan shall be effective from the date on which such prior coverage was terminated; and
(B) The applicant is not eligible for continuation or conversion rights that would provide coverage substantially similar to plan coverage.
(e) Nonduplication of benefits. --
(1) The plan shall be payer of last resort of benefits whenever any other benefit or source of third-party payment is available. Benefits otherwise payable under plan coverage shall be reduced by all amounts paid or payable through any other health insurance coverage and by all hospital and medical expense benefits paid or payable under any workers' compensation coverage, automobile medical payment or liability insurance, whether provided on the basis of fault or nonfault, and by any hospital or medical benefits paid or payable under or provided pursuant to any state or federal law or program.
(2) The plan shall have a cause of action against an eligible person for the recovery of the amount of benefits paid that are not for covered expenses. Benefits due from the plan may be reduced or refused as a set-off against any amount recoverable under this subdivision.
Acts, 2009 Reg. Sess., Ch. 141.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
The WV Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.