The Legislature finds that, in light of the need to provide health care to a Medicaid population that is expected to rise dramatically in the near future, new models of managed care should be explored in order to enhance the state's ability to improve health outcomes and to manage the financial risk associated with the provision of such care. This article provides a licensing and regulatory scheme for provider sponsored networks, an alternative managed care model recognized in federal law, that recognizes the unique features of such entities.
(a) "Federally Qualified Health Center" means an entity as defined in 42 U.S.C. §1396d(l)(2)(B).
(b) "Medicaid beneficiary" means any person participating, through either a state plan amendment or waiver demonstration, in any Medicaid program administered by the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources or its Bureau for Medical Services.
(c) "Participating provider" means a licensed health care provider who has entered into a contract with a provider sponsored network to provide services to Medicaid enrollees.
(d) "Provider sponsored network" means an entity that satisfies the definition of a "Medicaid managed care organization" set forth in 42 U.S.C. §1396b(m)(1)(A), is controlled by one or more Federally Qualified Health Centers, as set forth in 42 U.S.C. §1396b(m)(1)(C)(ii)(IV), and provides or otherwise makes available health care services solely to Medicaid beneficiaries or beneficiaries of medicaid or medicare pursuant to contract with the secretary executed in accordance with article two-l, chapter sixteen of this code.
(a) Except to the extent provided otherwise in this article, a provider sponsored network is subject to the provisions of article twenty-five-a of this chapter to the same extent as an HMO.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of section four, article twenty-five-a of this chapter, in determining whether a provider sponsored network has demonstrated in its application for a certificate of authority or at a later time that it is financially responsible and may reasonably be expected to meet its obligations to Medicaid beneficiaries, the commissioner may, in his or her sole discretion and after consultation with the secretary, impose lower or different solvency requirements, including lower surplus and capital. In deciding whether to permit lower or different solvency standards, the commissioner shall consider actuarial evaluations and other qualified technical standards and may also consider factors such as a lower risk of insolvency, any transfer of risk to a third party, and the restriction of the provider sponsored network to the provision of Medicaid-related services; these same factors may also be considered in reviewing and acting upon a provider sponsored network's RBC report.
(c) A provider sponsored network may at any time seek to convert its certificate of authority granted pursuant to this article to a certificate of authority to operate as an HMO by filing an application in accordance with the provisions of article twenty-five-a of this chapter.
(a) Any willing physician or licensed behavioral health provider is entitled to participate in a provider sponsored network provided that he or she is willing to participate in the health care delivery approach designed by the provider sponsored network and such other applicable requirements of the Department of Health and Human Resources.
(b) As a condition of provider participation, including participation by hospitals, a provider sponsored network may require that its care management protocols be observed, including provisions for designations of certain services that may be provided only by designated providers or classes of providers, requirements that providers be credentialed before they may provide certain services, and requirements that providers comply with utilization management programs and referral systems as established by the provider sponsored network. A provider sponsored network may not require a participating physician provider to sell or transfer ownership of his, her or its assets or practice operations to the provider sponsored network or any of its participating providers as a condition of participation or of being permitted access or use of the provider sponsored network's medical home resources and care management systems.
The commissioner may promulgate emergency rules and shall propose for legislative approval legislative rules, in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, as are necessary to provide for implementation and enforcement of the provisions of this article.