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WEST VIRGINIA CODE
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WVC 33 - 20 F- 9 §33-20F-9. Kinds of coverage authorized; transfer of policies from the State Board of Risk and Insurance Management; risk management practices authorized.
(a) Upon approval by the commissioner for a license to transact insurance in this state, the company may issue nonassessable policies of malpractice insurance, as defined in subdivision (9), subsection (e), section ten, article one of this chapter, insuring a physician. Additionally, the company may issue other types of casualty or liability insurance as may be approved by the commissioner.

(b) On the transfer date:

(1) The company shall accept from the Board of Risk and Insurance Management the transfer of any and all medical liability insurance obligations and risks of existing or in-force contracts of insurance covering physicians, physician corporations and physician-operated clinics issued by the board pursuant to article twelve-b, chapter twenty-nine of this code: Provided, That the company may decline or refuse to renew any and all such contracts of insurance transferred to the company from the Board of Risk and Insurance Management upon the expiration of the respective terms of each contract of insurance so transferred and nothing in this section is intended to or shall be construed to otherwise obligate the company to accept, underwrite or renew any contract of insurance whatsoever. The transfer shall not include medical liability insurance obligations and risks of existing or in-force contracts of insurance covering hospitals and nonphysician providers;

(2) The company shall assume all responsibility for and defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Board of Risk and Insurance Management and the state with respect to any and all liabilities and duties arising from the assets and responsibilities transferred to the company pursuant to article twelve-b, chapter twenty-nine of this code;

(3) The Board of Risk and Insurance Management shall disburse and pay to the company any funds attributable to premiums paid for the insurance obligations transferred to the company pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection, with earnings thereon, less paid losses and expenses, and deposited in the medical liability fund created by section ten, article twelve-b, chapter twenty-nine of this code as reflected on the ledgers of the Board of Risk and Insurance Management;

(4) The Board of Risk and Insurance Management shall disburse and pay to the company any funds in the Board of Risk and Insurance Management Physicians' Mutual Insurance Company account created by section seven of this article. All funds in this account shall be transferred pursuant to terms of a surplus note or other loan arrangement satisfactory to the Board of Risk and Insurance Management and the Insurance Commissioner.

(c) The Board of Risk and Insurance Management shall cause an independent actuarial study to be performed to determine the amount of all paid losses, expenses and assets associated with the policies the board has in force pursuant to article twelve-b, chapter twenty-nine of this code. The actuarial study shall determine the paid losses, expenses and assets associated with the policies to be transferred to the company pursuant to subsection (b) of this section and the paid losses, expenses and assets associated with those policies retained by the board. The determination shall not include liabilities created by issuance of new tail insurance policies for nonphysician providers authorized by subsection (n), section six, article twelve-b, chapter twenty-nine of this code.

(d) The Board of Risk and Insurance Management may enter into such agreements, including loan agreements, with the company that are necessary to accomplish the transfers addressed in this section.

(e) The company shall make policies of insurance available to physicians in this state, regardless of practice type or specialty. Policies issued by the company to each class of physicians are to be essentially uniform in terms and conditions of coverage.

(f) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b), (c) or (e) of this section, the company may:

(1) Establish reasonable classifications of physicians, insured activities and exposures based on a good faith determination of relative exposures and hazards among classifications;

(2) Vary the limits, coverages, exclusions, conditions and loss-sharing provisions among classifications;

(3) Establish, for an individual physician within a classification, reasonable variations in the terms of coverage, including rates, deductibles and loss-sharing provisions, based on underwriting criteria established by the company, from time to time, which underwriting criteria may take into account factors considered by other medical malpractice insurance companies, from time to time, in underwriting similar risks and which factors may include, but are not limited to, the insured's prior loss experience; current professional training and capability; disciplinary action taken against the physician by the Board of Medicine or Board of Osteopathy; felonies or other criminal offenses committed by the physician; evidence of alcohol or chemical dependency or abuse; evidence of sexual misconduct; and other factors relevant to the liability risk profile of the physician.

(4) Refuse to provide insurance coverage for individual physicians who do not meet underwriting criteria established by the company, from time to time, which underwriting criteria may take into account factors considered by other medical malpractice insurance companies, from time to time, in underwriting or declining to underwrite similar risks and which factors may include, but are not limited to, prior loss experience, current professional training and capability, disciplinary action taken against the physician by the Board of Medicine or Board of Osteopathy; felonies or other criminal offenses committed by the physician; evidence of alcohol or chemical dependency or abuse; evidence of sexual misconduct; and other factors relevant to the liability risk profile of the physician and which do or may indicate that the physician represents an unacceptable risk of loss if coverage is provided.

(g) The company shall establish reasonable risk management and continuing education requirements which policyholders must meet in order to be and remain eligible for coverage.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
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