(a) A pharmacist engaging in collaborative pharmacy practice shall have on file at his or her place of practice the collaborative pharmacy practice agreement. The existence and subsequent termination of the agreement and any additional information the rules may require concerning the agreement, including the agreement itself, shall be made available to the appropriate licensing board for review upon request. The agreement may allow the pharmacist, within the pharmacist's scope of practice pursuant to the collaborative pharmacy practice agreement, to conduct drug therapy management activities approved by the collaborating physician. The collaborative pharmacy practice agreement shall be a voluntary process, which is a physician directed approach, that is entered into between an individual physician or physician group, an individual pharmacist or pharmacists and an individual patient or the patient's authorized representative who has given informed consent as per subsection (c).
(b) A collaborative pharmacy practice agreement may authorize a pharmacist to provide drug therapy management. In instances where drug therapy is discontinued, the pharmacist shall notify the treating physician of the discontinuance in the time frame and in the manner established by joint legislative rules. Each protocol developed, pursuant to the collaborative pharmacy practice agreement, shall contain detailed direction concerning the services that the pharmacists may perform for that patient. The protocol shall include, but need not be limited to:
(1) The specific drug or drugs to be managed by the pharmacist;
(2) The terms and conditions under which drug therapy may be implemented, modified or discontinued;
(3) The conditions and events upon which the pharmacist is required to notify the physician; and
(4) The laboratory tests that may be ordered in accordance with drug therapy management.
(c) All activities performed by the pharmacist in conjunction with the protocol shall be documented in the patient's medical record. The pharmacists shall report at least every thirty days to the physician regarding the patient's drug therapy management. The collaborative pharmacy practice agreement and protocols shall be available for inspection by the board, the West Virginia Board of Medicine, or the West Virginia Board of Osteopathic Medicine, depending on the licensing board of the participating physician. A copy of the protocol shall be filed in the patient's medical record.
(d) Collaborative pharmacy agreements may not include the management of controlled substances.
(e) A collaborative pharmacy practice agreement, meeting the requirements herein established and in accordance with joint rules, shall be allowed in the hospital setting, the nursing home setting, the medical school setting and the hospital, community-based pharmacy setting and ambulatory care clinics. The pharmacist shall be employed by or under contract to provide services to the hospital, pharmacy, nursing home or medical school, or hold a faculty appointment with one of the schools of pharmacy or medicine in this state.
(f) Nothing pertaining to collaborative pharmacy practice shall be interpreted to permit a pharmacist to accept delegation of a physician's authority outside the limits included in the appropriate board's statute and rules.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2014 1st Special Session
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