As used in this article, the following words and terms have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
(a) "Association" means the West Virginia Occupational Therapy Association.
(b) "Board" means the West Virginia Board of Occupational Therapy.
(c) "Business entity" means any firm, partnership, association, company, corporation, limited partnership, limited liability company or other entity doing business in the State of West Virginia.
(d) "Client-related tasks" means tasks which are related to treatment and which, when performed by an occupational therapy aide, must be performed under direct supervision, including routine transfers, routine care of a patient's personal needs during the course of treatment, execution of an established routine activity or exercise, and assisting the supervising occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant as directed during the course of treatment.
(e) "Direct supervision" means the actual physical presence of a licensed supervising occupational therapist or licensed occupational therapy assistant, and the specific delineation of tasks and responsibilities for personally reviewing and interpreting the results of any habilitative or rehabilitative procedures conducted by the limited permit holder, occupational therapy student, or aide. Direct supervision includes direct close supervision and direct continuous supervision.
(f) "Direct close supervision" means the licensed supervising occupational therapist or licensed occupational therapy assistant is in the building and has daily direct contact at the site of work.
(g) "Direct continuous supervision" means the licensed supervising occupational therapist or licensed occupational therapy assistant is physically present and in direct line of sight of the occupational therapy student or aide.
(h) "General supervision" means initial direction and periodic inspection of the activities of a licensed occupational therapist assistant by the supervising licensed occupational therapist, but does not necessarily require constant physical presence on the premises while the activities are performed.
(i) "License" means a valid and current license issued by the board under the provisions of this article.
(j) "Nonclient-related tasks" means tasks which are not related to treatment and do not require independent clinical reasoning, including clerical and maintenance activities, housekeeping, preparation of the work area or equipment, transporting patients, and ordering supplies, and which, when performed by an occupational therapy aide, must be performed under general supervision.
(k) "Occupational Therapist" means a person licensed by the board under the provisions of this article to engage in the practice of occupational therapy.
(l) "Occupational Therapy Assistant" means a person licensed by the board under the provisions of this article to assist in the practice of occupational therapy under the general supervision of an Occupational Therapist.
(m) "Occupational Therapy Aide" means a person who may provide nonclient-related tasks under general supervision, or specifically delegated client-related tasks, subject to the conditions set forth in subsection (f), section four of this article, under direct supervision of an Occupational Therapist or an Occupational Therapy Assistant, in accordance with the provisions of this article.
(n) "The practice of occupational therapy" means the therapeutic use of everyday life activities or occupations to address the physical, cognitive, psychosocial, sensory, and other aspects of performance of individuals or groups of individuals, including those who have or are at risk for developing an illness, injury, disease, disorder, condition, impairment, disability, activity limitation or participation restriction, to promote health, wellness and participation in roles and situations in home, school, workplace, community and other settings.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2016 Regular Session
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