(a) Upon the filing of an emergency rule by the board, under the provisions of section sixteen of this article, the secretary of state shall review such rule and, within forty-two days of such filing, shall issue a decision as to whether or not such emergency rule should be disapproved.
(b) The secretary of state shall disapprove an emergency rule if he determines:
(1) That the emergency rule or an amendment to the emergency rule exceeds the scope of the law authorizing or directing the promulgation thereof; or
(2) That an emergency does not exist justifying the promulgation of the emergency rule or the filing of an amendment to the emergency rule; or
(3) That the emergency rule or an amendment to the emergency rule was not promulgated in compliance with the provisions of section sixteen of this article.
(c) If the secretary of state determines, based upon the contents of the rule or the supporting information filed by the board, that the emergency rule should be disapproved, he may disapprove such rule without further investigation, notice or hearing. If, however, the secretary of state concludes that the information submitted by the board is insufficient to allow a proper determination to be made as to whether the emergency rule should be disapproved, he may make further investigation, including, but not limited to, requiring the board or other interested parties to submit additional information or comment or fixing a date, time and place for the taking of evidence on the issues involved in making a determination under the provisions of this section.
(d) The determination of the secretary of state shall be reviewable by the supreme court of appeals under its original jurisdiction, based upon a petition for a writ of mandamus, prohibition of certiorari, as appropriate. Such proceeding may be instituted by:
(1) The board;
(2) A member of the Legislature; or
(3) Any person whose personal property interests will be significantly affected by the approval or disapproval of the emergency rule by the secretary of state.