(b) Counting of credits towards compliance. -- For the purpose of determining an electric utility's compliance with the alternative and renewable energy portfolio standards set forth in subsections (c) and (d) of this section, each credit shall equal one megawatt hour of electricity sold by an electric utility in the preceding year to retail customers in West Virginia. Furthermore, a credit may not be used more than once to meet the requirements of this section. No more than ten percent of the credits used each year to meet the compliance requirements of this section may be credits acquired from the generation or purchase of electricity generated from natural gas. No more than ten percent of the credits used each year to meet the compliance requirements of this section may be credits acquired from the generation or purchase of electricity generated from supercritical technology.
(c) Twenty-five percent by 2025. -- On and after January 1, 2025, an electric utility shall each year own credits in an amount equal to at least twenty-five percent of the electric energy sold by the electric utility to retail customers in this state in the preceding calendar year.
(d) Interim portfolio standards. --
(1) For the period beginning January 1, 2015, and ending December 31, 2019, an electric utility shall each year own credits in an amount equal to at least ten percent of the electric energy sold by the electric utility to retail customers in this state in the preceding calendar year; and
(2) For the period beginning January 1, 2020, and ending December 31, 2024, an electric utility shall each year own credits in an amount equal to at least fifteen percent of the electric energy sold by the electric utility to retail customers in this state in the preceding calendar year.
(e) Double-counting of credits prohibited. -- Any portion of electricity generated from an alternative or renewable energy resource facility that is used to meet another state's alternative energy, advanced energy, renewable energy or similar energy portfolio standard may not be used to meet the requirements of this section. An electric utility that is subject to an alternative energy, advanced energy, renewable energy or similar energy portfolio standard in any other state shall list, in the alternative and renewable energy portfolio standard compliance plan required under section six of this article, any such requirements and shall indicate how it satisfied those requirements. The electric utility shall provide in the annual progress report required under section six of this article any additional information required by the commission to prevent double-counting of credits.
(f) Carryover. -- An electric utility may apply any credits that are in excess of the alternative and renewable energy portfolio standard in any given year to the requirements for any future year portfolio standard: Provided, That the electric utility determines to the satisfaction of the commission that such credits were in excess of the portfolio standard in a given year and that such credits have not previously been used for compliance with a portfolio standard.
(g) Compliance assessments. --
(1) On or after January 1, 2015, and each year thereafter, the commission shall determine whether each electric utility doing business in this state is in compliance with this section. If, after notice and a hearing, the commission determines that an electric utility has failed to comply with an alternative and renewable energy portfolio standard, the commission shall impose a compliance assessment on the electric utility which shall equal at least the lesser of the following:
(A) Fifty dollars multiplied by the number of additional credits that would be needed to meet an alternative and renewable energy portfolio standard in a given year; or
(B) Two hundred percent of the average market value of credits sold in a given year multiplied by the number of additional credits needed to meet the alternative and renewable energy portfolio standard for that year.
(2) Compliance assessments collected by the commission pursuant to this subsection shall be deposited into the Alternative and Renewable Energy Resources Research Fund established in section eleven of this article.
(h) Force majeure. --
(1) Upon its own initiative or upon the request of an electric utility, the commission may modify the portfolio standard requirements of an electric utility in a given year or years or recommend to the Legislature that the portfolio standard requirements be eliminated if the commission determines that alternative or renewable energy resources are not reasonably available in the marketplace in sufficient quantities for the electric utility to meet the requirements of this article.
(2) In making its determination, the commission shall consider whether the electric utility made good faith efforts to acquire sufficient credits to comply with the requirements of this article. Such good faith efforts shall include, but are not limited to, banking excess credits, seeking credits through competitive solicitations and seeking to acquire credits through long-term contracts. The commission shall assess the availability of credits on the open market. The commission may also require that the electric utility solicit credits before a request for modification may be granted.
(3) If an electric utility requests a modification of its portfolio standard requirements, the commission shall make a determination as to the request within sixty days.
(4) Commission modification of an electric utility's portfolio standard requirements shall apply only to the portfolio standard in the year or years modified by the commission. Commission modification may not automatically reduce an electric utility's alternative and renewable energy portfolio standard requirements in future years.
(5) If the commission modifies an electric utility's portfolio standard requirements, the commission may also require the electric utility to acquire additional credits in subsequent years equivalent to the requirements reduced by the commission in accordance with this subsection.
(i) Termination. -- The provisions of this section shall have no force and effect after June 30, 2026.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
The WV Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.