(1) The coal industry is and has been for many years an integral part of the economic and social fabric of the state;
(2) That whole communities in this state rely in large part, if not completely, on the coal industry for their continuing vitality;
(3) That over the last decade changes in the mining industry have necessitated the development of diverse mining techniques;
(4) The coal industry remains essential to economic growth and progress in West Virginia and the United States. Coal continues to sustain our economy and provides the financial security as future diversity and expansion of our job base is explored;
(5) The state of West Virginia, through the division of environmental protection, entered into an agreement on the twenty-third day of December, one thousand nine hundred ninety-eight, which imposed additional controls and oversight on the states' mine permitting process by the U.S. corps of engineers, U.S. environmental protection agency, U.S. office of surface mining and the U.S. fish and wildlife service;
(6) The agreement of the twenty-third day of December, one thousand nine hundred ninety-eight further authorized the division of environmental protection, in conjunction with the U.S. environmental protection agency, the U.S. fish and wildlife service, the U.S. army corps of engineers and the U.S. office of surface mining to undertake a two-year study of the effects of mountaintop mining practices which remains incomplete as of the effective date of this article;
(7) The state has committed significant funding and other resources to the study;
(8) The study is unprecedented in this country in its purpose and scope;
(9) The environmental impact statement which will be prepared upon the completion of the study may give rise to consideration of new or revised regulations, policies, guidelines or requirements which are untried or untested anywhere in this country;
(10) It is imperative that balance be sought between state rules designed to regulate and protect the environment and the state regulations designed to enhance the ability of the state to continue to market West Virginia coal throughout the nation and the world; and
(11) Requiring West Virginia, through new or amended policies, regulations, enforcement or permitting actions to meet requirements more stringent than those otherwise applicable in other states by the federal government and unnecessary for environmental protection would unfairly affect interstate competition for new mining development and employment opportunities.
Wherefore the Legislature finds that prior to the implementation of any recommendation arising from the study that the Legislature has an obligation to review the same to protect the interests of the state and the citizens.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2012 1st Special Session