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WEST VIRGINIA CODE
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WVC 20- CHAPTER 20. NATURAL RESOURCES.

WVC 20 - 1 - ARTICLE 1. ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION.


WVC 20 - 1 - 1 §20-1-1. Purposes and objects of chapter; how chapter cited.

This chapter is enacted to provide a comprehensive program for the exploration, conservation, development, protection, enjoyment and use of the natural resources of the state of West Virginia and may be cited as the State Natural Resources Law.


WVC 20 - 1 - 2 §20-1-2. Definitions.
As used in this chapter, unless the context clearly requires a different meaning:

"Agency" means any branch, department or unit of the state government, however designated or constituted.

"Alien" means any person not a citizen of the United States.

"Bag limit" or "creel limit" means the maximum number of wildlife which may be taken, caught, killed or possessed by any person.

"Big game" means elk, deer, black bears, wild boars and wild turkeys.

"Bona fide resident, tenant or lessee" means a person who permanently resides on the land.

"Citizen" means any native-born citizen of the United States and foreign-born persons who have procured their final naturalization papers.

"Closed season" means the time or period during which it shall be unlawful to take any wildlife as specified and limited by the provisions of this chapter.

"Commission" means the Natural Resources Commission.

"Commissioner" means a member of the advisory commission of the Natural Resources Commission.

"Director" means the Director of the Division of Natural Resources.

"Fishing" or "to fish" means the taking, by any means, of fish, minnows, frogs or other amphibians, aquatic turtles and other forms of aquatic life used as fish bait.

"Fur-bearing animals" include: (a) The mink; (b) the weasel; (c) the muskrat; (d) the beaver; (e) the opossum; (f) the skunk and civet cat, commonly called polecat; (g) the otter; (h) the red fox; (i) the gray fox; (j) the wildcat, bobcat or bay lynx; (k) the raccoon; and (l) the fisher.

"Game" means game animals, game birds and game fish as herein defined.

"Game animals" include: (a) The elk; (b) the deer; (c) the cottontail rabbits and hares; (d) the fox squirrels, commonly called red squirrels, and gray squirrels and all their color phases - red, gray, black or albino; (e) the raccoon; (f) the black bear; and (g) the wild boar.

"Game birds" include: (a) The anatidae, commonly known as swan, geese, brants and river and sea ducks; (b) the rallidae, commonly known as rails, sora, coots, mudhens and gallinule; (c) the limicolae, commonly known as shorebirds, plover, snipe, woodcock, sandpipers, yellow legs and curlews; (d) the galliformes, commonly known as wild turkey, grouse, pheasants, quails and partridges (both native and foreign species); (e) the columbidae, commonly known as doves; (f) the icteridae, commonly known as blackbirds, redwings and grackle; and (g) the corvidae, commonly known as crows.

"Game fish" include: (a) Brook trout; (b) brown trout; (c) rainbow trout; (d) golden rainbow trout; (e) largemouth bass; (f) smallmouth bass; (g) spotted bass; (h) striped bass; (i) chain pickerel; (j) muskellunge; (k) walleye; (l) northern pike; (m) rock bass; (n) white bass; (o) white crappie; (p) black crappie; (q) all sunfish species; (r) channel catfish; (s) flathead catfish; (t) blue catfish, (u) sauger; and (v) all game fish hybrids.

"Hunt" means to pursue, chase, catch or take any wild birds or wild animals: Provided, That the definition of "hunt" does not include an officially sanctioned and properly licensed field trial, water race or wild hunt as long as that field trial is not a shoot-to-retrieve field trial.

"Lands" means land, waters and all other appurtenances connected therewith.

"Migratory birds" means any migratory game or nongame birds included in the terms of conventions between the United States and Great Britain and between the United States and United Mexican States, known as the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, for the protection of migratory birds and game mammals concluded, respectively, the sixteenth day of August, one thousand nine hundred sixteen, and the seventh day of February, one thousand nine hundred thirty-six.

"Nonresident" means any person who is a citizen of the United States and who has not been a domiciled resident of the State of West Virginia for a period of thirty consecutive days immediately prior to the date of his or her application for a license or permit except any full-time student of any college or university of this state, even though he or she is paying a nonresident tuition.

"Open season" means the time during which the various species of wildlife may be legally caught, taken, killed or chased in a specified manner and shall include both the first and the last day of the season or period designated by the director.

"Person", except as otherwise defined elsewhere in this chapter, means the plural "persons" and shall include individuals, partnerships, corporations or other legal entities.

"Preserve" means all duly licensed private game farmlands, or private plants, ponds or areas, where hunting or fishing is permitted under special licenses or seasons other than the regular public hunting or fishing seasons.

"Protected birds" means all wild birds not included within the definition of "game birds" and "unprotected birds".

"Resident" means any person who is a citizen of the United States and who has been a domiciled resident of the State of West Virginia for a period of thirty consecutive days or more immediately prior to the date of his or her application for license or permit: Provided, That a member of the armed forces of the United States who is stationed beyond the territorial limits of this state, but who was a resident of this state at the time of his or her entry into such service and any full-time student of any college or university of this state, even though he or she is paying a nonresident tuition, shall be considered a resident under the provisions of this chapter.

"Roadside menagerie" means any place of business, other than a commercial game farm, commercial fish preserve, place or pond, where any wild bird, game bird, unprotected bird, game animal or fur-bearing animal is kept in confinement for the attraction and amusement of the people for commercial purposes.

"Small game" includes all game animals, furbearing animals and game birds except elk, deer, black bears, wild boars and wild turkeys.

"Take" means to hunt, shoot, pursue, lure, kill, destroy, catch, capture, keep in captivity, gig, spear, trap, ensnare, wound or injure any wildlife, or attempt to do so: Provided, That the definition of "take" does not include an officially sanctioned and properly licensed field trial, water race or wild hunt as long as that field trial is not a shoot-to-retrieve field trial.

"Unprotected birds" shall include: (a) The English sparrow; (b) the European starling; and (c) the cowbird.

"Wild animals" means all mammals native to the State of West Virginia occurring either in a natural state or in captivity, except house mice or rats.

"Wild birds" shall include all birds other than: (a) Domestic poultry - chickens, ducks, geese, guinea fowl, peafowls and turkeys; (b) psittacidae, commonly called parrots and parakeets; and (c) other foreign cage birds such as the common canary, exotic finches and ring dove. All wild birds, either: (i) Those occurring in a natural state in West Virginia; or (ii) those imported foreign game birds, such as waterfowl, pheasants, partridges, quail and grouse, regardless of how long raised or held in captivity, shall remain wild birds under the meaning of this chapter.

"Wildlife" means wild birds, wild animals, game and fur-bearing animals, fish (including minnows,) reptiles, amphibians, mollusks, crustaceans and all forms of aquatic life used as fish bait, whether dead or alive.

"Wildlife refuge" means any land set aside by action of the director as an inviolate refuge or sanctuary for the protection of designated forms of wildlife.


WVC 20 - 1 - 3 §20-1-3. Division of natural resources, office of director and commission established.
A division of natural resources, the office of director of the division of natural resources and a natural resources commission are hereby created and established in the state government with jurisdiction, powers, functions, services and enforcement processes as provided in this chapter and elsewhere by law.


WVC 20 - 1 - 4 §20-1-4. Director to be chief executive officer; appointment, term and qualifications; vacancy; removal.
The director shall be the chief executive officer of the department. Subject to provisions of law, he shall organize the department into such offices, divisions, agencies and other units of activity as may be found by him necessary and desirable in the orderly, efficient and economical administration of the department for the accomplishment of its objects and purposes.

The director shall be appointed by the governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall continue to serve until his successor is appointed and qualified as provided. On or before the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred sixty- one, the governor shall appoint the director for a term ending on the thirty-first day of December, one thousand nine hundred sixty- two. Upon the expiration of such term, the governor shall appoint the director for a term of four years commencing on the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred sixty-three, and, upon the expiration thereof, for successive terms of four years each next thereafter. A vacancy occurring in the office during any term thereof shall be filled by appointment as herein provided for the remainder of such term.

The director may be removed from office by the governor for cause as provided in the constitution. At the time of his initial appointment, he shall be at least thirty years old and shall be selected with special reference and consideration given to his training, experience, capacity and interest in the natural resources program as herein embraced. He shall not be a candidate for or hold any other public office, shall not be a member of any political party committee, and shall immediately forfeit and vacate his office as director in the event he becomes a candidate for or accepts appointment to any other public office or political party committee.


WVC 20 - 1 - 5 §20-1-5. Salary, expenses, oath and bond of director.
The director shall receive an annual salary as provided in section two-a, article seven, chapter six of this code, payable in equal monthly installments and shall be allowed and paid necessary expenses incident to the performance of his or her official duties. Prior to the assumption of the duties of his or her office, he or she shall take and subscribe to the oath required of public officers by the Constitution of West Virginia and shall execute a bond, with surety approved by the Governor, in the penal sum of ten thousand dollars, which executed oath and bond shall be filed in the office of the Secretary of State. Premiums on the bond shall be paid from division funds.


WVC 20 - 1 - 6 §20-1-6. Offices and office hours.
The director shall arrange with the general services division of the department of finance and administration for adequate office space, accommodations and facilities for the department of natural resources in the state capitol offices. The department of finance and administration shall make such office accommodations and facilities available and shall provide for orderly servicing and maintenance thereof. The offices of the director and of the department shall be opened and staffed for business transactions and services during regular hours.


WVC 20 - 1 - 7 §20-1-7. Additional powers, duties and services of director.
In addition to all other powers, duties and responsibilities granted and assigned to the director in this chapter and elsewhere by law, the director is hereby authorized and empowered to:

(1) With the advice of the commission, prepare and administer, through the various divisions created by this chapter, a long-range comprehensive program for the conservation of the natural resources of the state which best effectuates the purpose of this chapter and which makes adequate provisions for the natural resources laws of the state;

(2) Sign and execute in the name of the state by the Division of Natural Resources any contract or agreement with the federal government or its departments or agencies, subdivisions of the state, corporations, associations, partnerships or individuals;

(3) Conduct research in improved conservation methods and disseminate information matters to the residents of the state;

(4) Conduct a continuous study and investigation of the habits of wildlife and, for purposes of control and protection, to classify by regulation the various species into such categories as may be established as necessary;

(5) Prescribe the locality in which the manner and method by which the various species of wildlife may be taken, or chased, unless otherwise specified by this chapter;

(6) Hold at least six meetings each year at such time and at such points within the state, as in the discretion of the Natural Resources Commission may appear to be necessary and proper for the purpose of giving interested persons in the various sections of the state an opportunity to be heard concerning open season for their respective areas, and report the results of the meetings to the Natural Resources Commission before such season and bag limits are fixed by it;

(7) Suspend open hunting season upon any or all wildlife in any or all counties of the state with the prior approval of the Governor in case of an emergency such as a drought, forest fire hazard or epizootic disease among wildlife. The suspension shall continue during the existence of the emergency and until rescinded by the director. Suspension, or reopening after such suspension, of open seasons may be made upon twenty-four hours' notice by delivery of a copy of the order of suspension or reopening to the wire press agencies at the state capitol;

(8) Supervise the fiscal affairs and responsibilities of the division;

(9) Designate such localities as he or she shall determine to be necessary and desirable for the perpetuation of any species of wildlife;

(10) Enter private lands to make surveys or inspections for conservation purposes, to investigate for violations of provisions of this chapter, to serve and execute warrants and processes, to make arrests and to otherwise effectively enforce the provisions of this chapter;

(11) Acquire for the state in the name of the Division of Natural Resources by purchase, condemnation, lease or agreement, or accept or reject for the state, in the name of the Division of Natural Resources, gifts, donations, contributions, bequests or devises of money, security or property, both real and personal, and any interest in such property, including lands and waters, which he or she deems suitable for the following purposes:

(a) For state forests for the purpose of growing timber, demonstrating forestry, furnishing or protecting watersheds or providing public recreation;

(b) For state parks or recreation areas for the purpose of preserving scenic, aesthetic, scientific, cultural, archaeological or historical values or natural wonders, or providing public recreation;

(c) For public hunting, trapping or fishing grounds or waters for the purpose of providing areas in which the public may hunt, trap or fish, as permitted by the provisions of this chapter and the rules issued hereunder;

(d) For fish hatcheries, game farms, wildlife research areas and feeding stations;

(e) For the extension and consolidation of lands or waters suitable for the above purposes by exchange of other lands or waters under his or her supervision;

(f) For such other purposes as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter;

(12) Capture, propagate, transport, sell or exchange any species of wildlife as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter;

(13) Sell timber for not less than the value thereof, as appraised by a qualified appraiser appointed by the director, from all lands under the jurisdiction and control of the director, except those lands that are designated as state parks and those in the Kanawha State Forest. The appraisal shall be made within a reasonable time prior to any sale, reduced to writing, filed in the office of the director and shall be available for public inspection. The director must obtain the written permission of the Governor to sell timber when the appraised value is more than five thousand dollars. The director shall receive sealed bids therefor, after notice by publication as a Class II legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code and the publication area for such publication shall be each county in which the timber is located. The timber so advertised shall be sold at not less than the appraised value to the highest responsible bidder, who shall give bond for the proper performance of the sales contract as the director shall designate; but the director shall have the right to reject any and all bids and to readvertise for bids. If the foregoing provisions of this section have been complied with and no bid equal to or in excess of the appraised value of the timber is received, the director may, at any time, during a period of six months after the opening of the bids, sell the timber in such manner as he or she deems appropriate, but the sale price shall not be less than the appraised value of the timber advertised. No contract for sale of timber made pursuant to this section shall extend for a period of more than ten years. And all contracts heretofore entered into by the state for the sale of timber shall not be validated by this section if the same be otherwise invalid. The proceeds arising from the sale of the timber so sold shall be paid to the Treasurer of the State of West Virginia and shall be credited to the division and used exclusively for the purposes of this chapter: Provided, That nothing contained herein shall prohibit the sale of timber which otherwise would be removed from rights-of-way necessary for and strictly incidental to the extraction of minerals;

(14) Sell or lease, with the approval in writing of the Governor, coal, oil, gas, sand, gravel and any other minerals that may be found in the lands under the jurisdiction and control of the director, except those lands that are designated as state parks. The director, before making sale or lease thereof, shall receive sealed bids therefor, after notice by publication as a Class II legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be each county in which such lands are located. The minerals so advertised shall be sold or leased to the highest responsible bidder, who shall give bond for the proper performance of the sales contract or lease as the director shall designate; but the director shall have the right to reject any and all bids and to readvertise for bids. The proceeds arising from any such sale or lease shall be paid to the Treasurer of the State of West Virginia and shall be credited to the division and used exclusively for the purposes of this chapter;

(15) Exercise the powers granted by this chapter for the protection of forests and regulate fires and smoking in the woods or in their proximity at such times and in such localities as may be necessary to reduce the danger of forest fires;

(16) Cooperate with departments and agencies of state, local and federal governments in the conservation of natural resources and the beautification of the state;

(17) Report to the Governor each year all information relative to the operation and functions of the division and the director shall make such other reports and recommendations as may be required by the Governor, including an annual financial report covering all receipts and disbursements of the division for each fiscal year, and he or she shall deliver such report to the Governor on or before the first day of December next after the end of the fiscal year so covered. A copy of such report shall be delivered to each house of the Legislature when convened in January next following;

(18) Keep a complete and accurate record of all proceedings, record and file all bonds and contracts taken or entered into and assume responsibility for the custody and preservation of all papers and documents pertaining to his or her office, except as otherwise provided by law;

(19) Offer and pay, in his or her discretion, rewards for information respecting the violation, or for the apprehension and conviction of any violators, of any of the provisions of this chapter;

(20) Require such reports as he or she may deem to be necessary from any person issued a license or permit under the provisions of this chapter, but no person shall be required to disclose secret processes or confidential data of competitive significance;

(21) Purchase as provided by law all equipment necessary for the conduct of the division;

(22) Conduct and encourage research designed to further new and more extensive uses of the natural resources of this state and to publicize the findings of such research;

(23) Encourage and cooperate with other public and private organizations or groups in their efforts to publicize the attractions of the state;

(24) Accept and expend, without the necessity of appropriation by the Legislature, any gift or grant of money made to the division for any and all purposes specified in this chapter and he or she shall account for and report on all such receipts and expenditures to the Governor;

(25) Cooperate with the state historian and other appropriate state agencies in conducting research with reference to the establishment of state parks and monuments of historic, scenic and recreational value and to take such steps as may be necessary in establishing such monuments or parks as he or she deems advisable;

(26) Maintain in his or her office at all times, properly indexed by subject matter and also in chronological sequence, all rules made or issued under the authority of this chapter. Such records shall be available for public inspection on all business days during the business hours of working days;

(27) Delegate the powers and duties of his or her office, except the power to execute contracts not related to land and stream management, to appointees and employees of the division, who shall act under the direction and supervision of the director and for whose acts he or she shall be responsible;

(28) Conduct schools, institutions and other educational programs, apart from or in cooperation with other governmental agencies, for instruction and training in all phases of the natural resources programs of the state;

(29) Authorize the payment of all or any part of the reasonable expenses incurred by an employee of the division in moving his or her household furniture and effects as a result of a reassignment of the employee: Provided, That no part of the moving expenses of any one such employee shall be paid more frequently than once in twelve months; and

(30) Promulgate rules, in accordance with the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, to implement and make effective the powers and duties vested in him or her by the provisions of this chapter and take such other steps as may be necessary in his or her discretion for the proper and effective enforcement of the provisions of this chapter.


WVC 20 - 1 - 8 §20-1-8. Personnel management.
A merit system of personnel management shall be established and maintained for all personnel of the department in order to ensure and provide for impartial selection of competent and qualified personnel and to accord to all department employees rights of tenure and advancement during satisfactory discharge of their duties.

In lieu of establishment of a merit system of personnel management for the department, the director may resort to and rely upon the civil service commission and civil service system for personnel and personnel services of the department.

The director may select a personal secretary and two deputy directors of the department to serve at the director's will and pleasure. The director shall fix the compensation of the secretary and the two deputy directors and shall prescribe their duties and responsibilities. The director, the secretary and the two deputy directors shall not have and enjoy merit system status, as herein provided, but any deputy director, when selected from department personnel ranks, shall retain and be accorded all of the rights of his merit system status regardless of his selection and tenure as deputy director.

The director shall select and designate a competent and qualified person as department personnel officer who shall be responsible for personnel management, personnel records and general personnel services. The personnel officer, under supervision of the director and subject to merit system rules, regulations and requirements, shall prescribe qualifications, classifications and salary scales for department personnel. He shall furnish to the director information and data relating to qualified personnel available for the various offices, positions and places of employment and may make recommendations concerning the selection, retention and advancement of personnel of the department.


WVC 20 - 1 - 9 §20-1-9. Fiscal management.
Subject to any controlling rules and regulations of the department of finance and administration relating to state fiscal management policies and practices, the director shall establish in the department an adequate budget, finance and accounting system which will currently and accurately reflect the fiscal operations and conditions of the department at all times. The department's accounting and auditing services shall be on a fiscal-year basis.

The director shall select and designate a competent and qualified person as department fiscal officer who, under the supervision of the director, shall be responsible for all budget, finance and accounting services of the department. All moneys received by the department shall be recorded and shall be paid as special revenue to the department of natural resources, as provided in subdivision (i), section two, article two, chapter twelve of this code, except in cases wherein certain receipts of the department are by specific provisions of this chapter required to be paid into some special fund or funds.


WVC 20 - 1 - 10 §20-1-10. Property management.
(a) The division shall maintain at all times an accurate record of all of its lands, interests in lands, buildings, structures, equipment and other tangible properties and assets. The record shall reflect the location, utility, condition and estimated value of all such properties and assets. The division shall provide for the maintenance, preservation and custody of all such properties and assets, and when any item or items thereof become obsolete or are no longer needed, the division shall report thereon to the Public Lands Corporation for disposition thereof.

(b) The director shall select and designate a competent and qualified person as division property officer, who shall be responsible for the division's records relating to its properties and assets and for the maintenance, preservation, custody and disposition of all such properties and assets as herein provided.

(c) Subject to valid existing rights, division owned wildlife management area lands shall be open to access and use for recreational hunting and shooting except as limited by the division for reasons of public safety, fish and wildlife management or homeland security or as otherwise limited by law.

(d) The division shall exercise its authority consistent with subsection (c) to support, promote and enhance recreational hunting and shooting opportunities, to the extent authorized by statute. The division shall give preference to hunting and shooting over other uses of division owned wildlife management area lands.

(e) Division land management decisions and actions may not result in a net loss of habitat land acreage available for hunting and shooting opportunities on division owned wildlife management area lands that exists on the effective date of this section.

(f) On or before the first day of December, the division shall submit an annual report to the Governor and to the Joint Committee on Government and Finance, including the following:

(1) The acreage administered by the division that has been closed during the previous year to recreational hunting and the reasons for the closures; and

(2) The acreage administered by the division that, in order to comply with the provisions of subsection (e) was opened to recreational hunting to compensate for that acreage.


WVC 20 - 1 - 10 A §20-1-10a. Authority to convey land to county board of education for educational purposes.

To further an appreciation and understanding of the outdoors by the youth of this state, the director is hereby authorized to enter into long-term agreements, with the written approval of the governor, leasing unto the county board of education of any county wherein are situate lands belonging to the department of natural resources, for nominal consideration, one parcel of rural land not exceeding in size one acre for each five hundred students registered in the public schools of the county at the time of the lease. Such land shall be used by the county board of education exclusively to establish and maintain an outdoor education program and for no other purpose. By a multi-county agreement, the county boards of education of any county or counties in which no land belonging to the department of natural resources is located may join with any other county or counties in which such land is located to establish and maintain a joint outdoor education program and the combined student enrollment of the counties joining into such an agreement shall determine the maximum acreage that may be leased by the department of natural resources for such purposes.

If the department of natural resources makes a finding that land leased pursuant to this section has ceased to be used for the purposes set forth herein for a period of three consecutive years, the director shall notify the affected county board or boards of education of such a finding in writing. Upon the expiration of sixty days from receipt of said notice, such lease shall become null and void and control of such leased land shall revert to the department of natural resources unless the affected board or boards of education have petitioned the circuit court of the county wherein the land or the greater portion thereof lies for review of the said finding.

Upon petition and hearing, the said circuit court shall determine whether the land has ceased to be used for the purposes set forth in this section. Periodic or incidental use of the land for less than six months of each calendar year shall not be sufficient to support a finding that the land has ceased to be used for the purposes set forth herein. If the said circuit court determines that the land has ceased to be used for the purposes set forth herein, the court shall, by written order, declare the lease null and void and reinstate control of the leased land in the department of natural resources.


WVC 20 - 1 - 11 §20-1-11. Public relations.
The department shall collect, organize and from time to time distribute to the public, through news media or otherwise, interesting facts, information and data concerning the natural resources of the state and the functions and services of the department. The director may organize and promote lectures, demonstrations, symposiums, schools and other educational programs relating to the state's natural resources. Motion pictures, slide films and other photographic services may be provided for instruction on natural resources for schools, other governmental agencies, and civic organizations under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the director.

The director shall select and designate a competent and qualified person as department public relations officer, who shall be responsible for the organization and management of the department's public relations program. He may prepare and distribute from time to time pamphlet materials and other compilations and publications of the department and may cooperate with other governmental agencies in the publication and distribution of such materials.


WVC 20 - 1 - 12 §20-1-12. Surveys and planning.
As departmental projects or in cooperation with other governmental or private agencies, the director may organize and promote surveys and explorations relating to the state's natural resources, their utility, development and protection. The state geological and economic survey commission, the department of mines, the department of agriculture, the department of commerce and other governmental agencies and activities shall cooperate, whenever and wherever practicable to do so, with the department in its survey and exploration work.

The director shall select and designate a competent and qualified person as department surveys officer who shall be responsible for the organization, promotion and correlation of the surveys and explorations as herein provided. He shall work closely with other offices and divisions of the department in order to effect maximum development, utilization, protection and enjoyment of the state's natural resources.


WVC 20 - 1 - 13 §20-1-13. Law enforcement and legal services.
The director shall select and designate a competent and qualified person to be department law-enforcement officer, who shall have the title of chief conservation officer and who shall be responsible for the prompt, orderly and effective enforcement of all of the provisions of this chapter. Under the supervision of the director and subject to personnel qualifications and requirements otherwise prescribed in this chapter, the chief conservation officer shall be responsible for the selection, training, assignment, distribution and discipline of conservation officers and the effective discharge of their duties in carrying out the law-enforcement policies, practices and programs of the department in compliance with the provisions of article seven of this chapter and other controlling laws. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, he or she and his or her conservation officers are hereby authorized to enter into and upon private lands and waters to investigate complaints and reports of conditions, conduct, practices and activities considered to be adverse to and violative of the provisions of this chapter and to execute writs and warrants and make arrests thereupon.

The attorney general and his or her assistants and the prosecuting attorneys of the several counties shall render to the director, without additional compensation, such legal services as the director may require of them in the discharge of his or her duties and the execution of his or her powers under and his or her enforcement of the provisions of this chapter. The director, in an emergency and with prior approval of the attorney general, may employ an attorney to act in proceedings wherein criminal charges are brought against personnel of the department because of action in line of duty. For such attorney services, a reasonable sum, not exceeding two thousand five hundred dollars, may be expended by the director in any one case.

The director, if he or she deems the action necessary, may request the attorney general to appoint an assistant attorney general, who shall perform, under the supervision and direction of the attorney general, the duties as may be required of him or her by the director. The attorney general, in pursuance of the request, may select and appoint an assistant attorney general to serve at the will and pleasure of the attorney general, and the assistant shall receive a salary to be paid out of any funds made available for that purpose by the Legislature to the department.


WVC 20 - 1 - 14 §20-1-14. Sections within division.

Sections of wildlife resources and of law enforcement are hereby continued within the division of natural resources. Subject to provisions of law, the director of the division of natural resources shall allocate the functions and services of the division to the sections, offices and activities thereof and may from time to time establish and abolish other sections, offices and activities within the division in order to carry out fully and in an orderly manner the powers, duties and responsibilities of the office as director. The director shall select and designate a competent and qualified person to be chief of each section. The chief is the principal administrative officer of that section and is accountable and responsible for the orderly and efficient performance of the duties, functions and services thereof.


WVC 20 - 1 - 15 §20-1-15.

Repealed.

Acts, 1989 Reg. Sess., Ch. 135.


WVC 20 - 1 - 16 §20-1-16. Natural resources commission -- Generally.
The natural resources commission, created and established by provisions of section three of this article, shall be a public benefit corporation and as such may sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, contract and be contracted with, and have and use a common seal. It shall be a commission advisory to the director and to the department of natural resources. The commission shall be composed of seven members, known as commissioners, one from each congressional district and the remainder from the state at large, appointed by the governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Their terms of office shall begin on the first day of July and shall be for a period of seven years, except that the governor in making the initial appointments shall designate and define their respective terms of office so that the term of one member of the commission will expire each year. As initial appointments expire, all subsequent appointments shall be for terms of seven years or for the unexpired term of a member who may have died, resigned or become disqualified.

The members of the commission shall be citizens and residents of the state, selected with special reference to their training and experience in relation to the principal activities required of the commission, and for their ability and fitness to perform their duties within the purposes of this chapter. No member of the commission shall be a candidate for or hold any public office other than that of member of the commission; nor shall he be a member of any committee of a political party. In case a member becomes a candidate for or accepts appointment to any public office or political party committee, his office as member of the commission shall be immediately vacated.


WVC 20 - 1 - 17 §20-1-17. Natural Resources Commission -- Organization and services.
(a) Members of the Natural Resources Commission shall take and subscribe to the public officer's oath prescribed by the Constitution before entering upon the duties of their office. All such executed oaths shall be filed in the office of the Secretary of State. Members of the Commission shall receive no compensation as such, but each shall be reimbursed for his or her actual and necessary traveling expenses incurred in the performance of his or her official duties.

(b) The Director of the Division shall be ex officio a member of the Commission and its presiding officer. A majority of the Commission shall constitute a quorum for transaction of business. Four regular meetings of the Commission shall be held each year One meeting shall be held in each quarter of the calender year. The date of the meeting shall be at the discretion of the Director of the Division of Natural Resources. Special meetings may be convened by the Governor, the Director or by a majority of the Commission. The meetings of the Commission shall be regularly held at locations designated by the Director. The time and place of the meeting shall be announced in accordance with section one, article nine-a, chapter six, et seq., of this code. The Director shall furnish all articles and supplies required by the Commission in the performance of its duties and shall provide necessary stenographic, secretarial and clerical assistance therefor. All such materials and services shall be paid for from Department funds.

The Director, at any regular or special meeting of the Commission, may submit to the Commission any program or policy matters on which he or she wishes to obtain the advice, counsel and opinion of the Commission and may consult with members of the Commission on functions, services, policies and practices of the Department at any time. The Commission shall serve as a body advisory to the Director and shall perform all other duties assigned to it by law. It shall have the following powers and duties:

(1) To consider and study the entire field of legislation and administrative methods concerning the forests and their maintenance and development, the protection of fish and game, the beautification of the state and its highways, and the development of lands, minerals, waters and other natural resources;

(2) To advise with the Director concerning the conservation problems of particular localities or districts of the state;

(3) To recommend policies and practices to the Director relative to any duties imposed upon him or her by law;

(4) To investigate the work of the Director, and for this purpose to have access at reasonable times to all official books, papers, documents and records;

(5) To advise or make recommendations to the Governor relative to natural resources of the state;

(6) To keep minutes of the transactions of each session, regular or special, which shall be public records and filed with the Director; and

(7) To fix by regulation which it is hereby empowered to promulgate, in accordance with the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, the open seasons and the bag, creel, size, age, weight and sex limits with respect to wildlife in this state.


WVC 20 - 1 - 18 §20-1-18. Government cooperation; projects; finances; properties.
In addition to all other powers and authority vested in the director, he is hereby authorized and empowered to represent and advance the interests of the state of West Virginia under provisions of acts of Congress now in force or hereafter enacted providing for cooperation between the governments of the United States and of the several states in the exploration, development, conservation, use and enjoyment of natural resources. He may acquire by purchase or lease, as in this chapter provided, such lands, interests in lands, forests, parks, recreational facilities, wildlife and water areas and such other properties within this state as may be required in cooperative programs with any other government or governments, and, with the approval of the governor, may negotiate and effect self-liquidating loans with the government of the United States or any agency or agencies thereof for the procurement, development and use of all such properties. All such projects shall be in the interest and for the benefit of the state and may be geared and timed to relieve economic hardship and unemployment.

In order to consolidate forest tracts under either state or federal administration, the director may sell, purchase or exchange stumpage or lands within or adjacent to any national forest purchase area.

The director shall study the land and water boundary areas of the state and, where practicable, cooperate with adjacent states in programs for the development, conservation and use of waters, forests, minerals, wildlife and other natural resources.


WVC 20 - 1 - 18 A §20-1-18a. Cooperation with federal government in wildlife restoration and management.

The state of West Virginia hereby assents to the provisions of the act of Congress entitled, "An act to provide that the United States shall aid the states in wildlife restoration projects and for other purposes," approved September second, one thousand nine hundred thirty-seven (Public Law number four hundred fifteen, seventy-fifth Congress), and the director is hereby authorized, empowered and directed to perform such acts as may be necessary to the conduct and establishment of cooperative wildlife restoration projects, as defined in said act of Congress, in compliance with said act and with rules and regulations promulgated by the secretary of the interior thereunder. Funds accruing to the State from license fees paid by hunters shall not be diverted for any other purposes than those stated in section thirty-four, article two of this chapter.


WVC 20 - 1 - 18 B §20-1-18b. Cooperation with federal government in fish restoration and management.

The state of West Virginia hereby assents to the provisions of the act of Congress entitled, "An act to provide that the United States shall aid the states in fish restoration and management projects and for other purposes," (Public Law number six hundred eighty-one, eighty-first Congress), and the director is hereby authorized, empowered and directed to perform such acts as may be necessary to the conduct and establishment of fish restoration and management projects as defined in said act of Congress, in compliance with said act and with rules and regulations promulgated by the secretary of the interior thereunder. Funds accruing to the state from license fees paid by fishermen shall not be diverted for any purposes other than those stated in section thirty-four, article two of this chapter.


WVC 20 - 1 - 18 C §20-1-18c. Cooperation with federal government in management of federal lands within the state.

The Legislature recognizes that there are large areas of this state that are owned by or under the control of the government of the United States. In order to cooperate with the various federal agencies which have jurisdiction over these areas and to effectively enforce rules and regulations to protect these areas, the Legislature hereby authorizes the director to adopt such rules and regulations as are necessary to cooperate in all law enforcement activities with the various federal agencies. Such rules and regulations shall be adopted according to the administrative procedures act as provided in chapter twenty-one-a of this code. To the extent that any rules and regulations adopted by the director are identical to existing federal rules and regulations, they may be promulgated without the procedures required under the administrative procedures act except that there shall be public notice of the adoption of such regulations and they shall be filed in the office of the secretary of state.


WVC 20 - 1 - 18 D §20-1-18d.
Repealed.

Acts, 2010 Reg. Sess., Ch. 32.
WVC 20 - 1 - 19 §20-1-19. West Virginia state parks and state forests.
(a) The state parks of West Virginia are:

(1) Audra; (2) Babcock; (3) Beartown; (4) Beech Fork; (5) Berkeley Springs; (6) Blackwater Falls; (7) Blennerhassett Island Historical; (8) Bluestone; (9) Cacapon Resort; (10) Camp Creek; (11) Canaan Valley Resort; (12) Carnifex Ferry Battlefield; (13) Cass Scenic Railroad; (14) Cathedral; (15) Cedar Creek; (16) Chief Logan; (17) Droop Mountain Battlefield; (18) Fairfax Stone Historical Monument; (19) Hawks Nest; (20) Holly River; (21) Little Beaver; (22) Lost River; (23) Moncove Lake; (24) North Bend; (25) Pinnacle Rock; (26) Pipestem Resort; (27) Prickett's Fort; (28) Stonewall Resort; (29) Tomlinson Run; (30) Tu-Endie-Wei (Point Pleasant Battle Monument); (31) Twin Falls Resort; (32) Tygart Lake; (33) Valley Falls; (34) Watoga; and (35) Watters Smith Memorial.

(b) The state forests of West Virginia are:

(1) Cabwaylingo; (2) Calvin Price; (3) Camp Creek; (4) Coopers Rock; (5) Greenbrier; (6) Kanawha; (7) Kumbrabow; (8) Panther Forest/WMA, consisting of approximately twenty-six acres containing park facilities; and (9) Seneca.

(c) Neither the director nor any officer, employee or agent of the Division of Natural Resources may close, change the name or the designated use of a state park or state forest without statutory authorization.


WVC 20 - 1 - 20 §20-1-20. Limitations on state parks and state forests; exceptions.
(a)(1) The Legislature finds that the acquisition of land to construct new or expand existing state parks and state forests is costly. After these areas are constructed, they must be maintained and personnel must be employed to operate the facilities. These costs continue to increase and place a burden on state revenues.

(2) The Legislature declares that there is an ultimate limit to how many state parks and state forests, based upon its size, population and financial resources, the State of West Virginia can support. Further, the Legislature hereby declares that it is within its authority to establish, provide for and maintain limits on state parks and state forests.

(b) Without written notice to the Joint Committee on Government and Finance, neither the director nor an officer, employee or agent of the Division of Natural Resources may:

(1) Acquire, or authorize the acquisition of, land for any new state park or state forest; or

(2) Construct, or authorize the construction of, any new facility or building in any state park or state forest.

(c) Notice to the Joint Committee on Government and Finance is not required for the following acquisitions and construction projects:

(1) The director may authorize the construction of any new facility or building that is constructed with donated funds, materials and labor in an existing state park or state forest; and

(2) The director may construct or authorize the construction of any new facility or building built by state employees when the total cost of materials does not exceed twenty-five thousand dollars.

(d) Nothing in this section shall prohibit the director from expending any appropriations that are designated to complete land acquisitions or the construction of facilities and buildings, including electric, water and sewage systems for state parks and state forests.

(e) The director shall require that any new building has a roof of sufficient slope in accordance with the current state building code.


WVC 20 - 1 - 21 §20-1-21.
Repealed.

Acts, 2010 Reg. Sess., Ch. 32.
WVC 20 - 1 A- ARTICLE 1A. REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT AND PROCEDURES.


WVC 20 - 1 A- 1 §20-1A-1.
Repealed.

Acts, 2007 Reg. Sess., Ch. 214.


WVC 20 - 1 A- 2 §20-1A-2.
Repealed.

Acts, 2007 Reg. Sess., Ch. 214.


WVC 20 - 1 A- 3 §20-1A-3.
Repealed.

Acts, 2007 Reg. Sess., Ch. 214.


WVC 20 - 1 A- 4 §20-1A-4.
Repealed.

Acts, 2007 Reg. Sess., Ch. 214.


WVC 20 - 1 A- 5 §20-1A-5.
Repealed.

Acts, 2007 Reg. Sess., Ch. 214.


WVC 20 - 1 A- 6 §20-1A-6.
Repealed.

Acts, 2007 Reg. Sess., Ch. 214.


WVC 20 - 1 A- 7 §20-1A-7. Adopt a state park or forest program.

The commissioner of the department of commerce shall establish an "adopt a state park or forest program" to encourage and coordinate the efforts of volunteers to help maintain and improve state parks, forests, or other public lands within the state.

The commissioner shall establish a matching grant program to assist such volunteer efforts by legislative rule pursuant to chapter twenty-nine-a of this code.


WVC 20 - 1 A- 8 §20-1A-8.
Repealed.

Acts, 2007 Reg. Sess., Ch. 214.


WVC 20 - 1 A- 9 §20-1A-9.
Repealed.

Acts, 2007 Reg. Sess., Ch. 214.


WVC 20 - 2 - ARTICLE 2. WILDLIFE RESOURCES.


WVC 20 - 2 - 1 §20-2-1. Declaration of policy.
It is declared to be the public policy of the state of West Virginia that the wildlife resources of this state shall be protected for the use and enjoyment of all the citizens of this state. All species of wildlife shall be maintained for values which may be either intrinsic or ecological or of benefit to man. Such benefits shall include (1) hunting, fishing and other diversified recreational uses; (2) economic contributions in the best interests of the people of this state; and (3) scientific and educational uses.


WVC 20 - 2 - 1 A §20-2-1a. Wildlife resources division; organization and administration.

The chief of the division of wildlife resources shall be primarily responsible for the execution and administration of the provisions of this article as an integral part of the natural resources program of the state as defined and constituted in this chapter. He shall organize the division and select competent and qualified personnel therefor so as to effect an orderly, efficient and economical division organization.


WVC 20 - 2 - 2 §20-2-2. Violations of article.
When no specific punishment or penalty is otherwise provided for violations of the provisions of this article, any person violating any provision hereof shall be guilty of a misdemeanor offense, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be subject to the punishment and penalties prescribed in section nine, article seven of this chapter.


WVC 20 - 2 - 2 A §20-2-2a. Interference with hunters, trappers and fishermen.

A person may not willfully obstruct or impede the participation of any individual in the lawful activity of hunting, fishing or trapping. Any person violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned in the county jail for not less than ten days nor more than one hundred days or both fined and imprisoned. Also, any person convicted of a subsequent violation of this section shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned in the county jail not more than one year or both fined and imprisoned. For the purpose of this section a subsequent violation is one which has occurred within two years of any prior violation of this section and which arises out of a separate set of circumstances. Any person convicted of any violation of this section shall be liable to the person, whom they interfered with, for all costs and damages resulting therefrom and if such offender holds a West Virginia hunting, fishing or trapping license at the time of conviction, such license shall be revoked.


WVC 20 - 2 - 3 §20-2-3. State ownership of wildlife.
The ownership of and title to all wild animals, wild birds, both migratory and resident, and all fish, amphibians, and all forms of aquatic life in the state of West Virginia is hereby declared to be in the state, as trustee for the people. No such wildlife shall be taken or hunted in any manner, or at any time, unless the person so taking or hunting the same shall consent that the title thereto shall be and remain in the state of West Virginia for the purpose of regulating the taking, hunting, using and disposing of the same. The taking or hunting of wildlife at any time or in any manner by any person shall be deemed such consent: Provided, however, That all fish, frogs and other aquatic life in privately-owned ponds are, and shall remain, the private property of the owner or owners of such privately-owned ponds, and that such fish, frogs and other aquatic life in such privately-owned ponds may be caught, taken or killed by such owner or owners at any time.


WVC 20 - 2 - 4 §20-2-4. Possession of wildlife.
     Except for wildlife, lawfully taken, killed or obtained, no person may have in his or her possession any wildlife, or parts thereof, during closed seasons. It is unlawful to possess any wildlife, or parts thereof, which have been illegally taken, killed or obtained. Any wildlife illegally taken, killed or possessed shall be forfeited to the state and shall be counted toward the daily, seasonal, bag, creel and possession limit of the person in possession of, or responsible for, the illegal taking or killing of any wildlife.

     Wildlife lawfully taken outside of this state is subject to the same laws and rules as that taken within this state.

     Migratory wild birds may be possessed only in accordance with the "Migratory Bird Treaty Act" and regulations thereunder.

     The restrictions in this section do not apply to the director or duly authorized agents, who may, in any manner, take or maintain in captivity, at any time, any wildlife for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this chapter.

     Wildlife, except protected birds, spotted fawn, and bear cubs, killed or mortally wounded as a result of being accidentally or inadvertently struck by a motor vehicle may be lawfully possessed if the possessor of the wildlife provides notice of the claim within twelve hours to a relevant law-enforcement agency, and obtains a nonhunting game tag within twenty-four hours of possession. The director shall propose administrative policy which addresses the means, methods and administrative procedures for implementing the provisions of this section.

     Persons required to deliver wildlife to an official checking station may, in accordance with rules promulgated by the director, electronically register the wildlife in lieu of the delivery to an official checking station. "Electronically register" means submission of all necessary and relevant information to the division, in the manner designated by rule, in lieu of delivery of the wildlife to an official checking station. The director may promulgate rules, pursuant to article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, governing the electronic registration of wildlife.
WVC 20 - 2 - 5 §20-2-5. Unlawful methods of hunting and fishing and other unlawful acts.

     Except as authorized by the director, it is unlawful at any time for any person to:

     (1) Shoot at or to shoot any wild bird or animal unless it is plainly visible to him or her;

     (2) Dig out, cut out or smoke out, or in any manner take or attempt to take, any live wild animal or wild bird out of its den or place of refuge except as may be authorized by rules promulgated by the director or by law;

     (3) Make use of, or take advantage of, any artificial light in hunting, locating, attracting, taking, trapping or killing any wild bird or wild animal, or to attempt to do so, while having in his or her possession or subject to his or her control, or for any person accompanying him or her to have in his or her possession or subject to his or her control, any firearm, whether cased or uncased, bow, arrow, or both, or other implement or device suitable for taking, killing or trapping a wild bird or animal: Provided, That it is lawful to hunt or take coyote, fox, raccoon, opossum or skunk by the use of artificial light subject to the restrictions set forth in this subdivision. No person is guilty of a violation of this subdivision merely because he or she looks for, looks at, attracts or makes motionless a wild bird or wild animal with or by the use of an artificial light, unless at the time he or she has in his or her possession a firearm, whether cased or uncased, bow, arrow, or both, or other implement or device suitable for taking, killing or trapping a wild bird or wild animal, or unless the artificial light (other than the head lamps of an automobile or other land conveyance) is attached to, a part of or used from within or upon an automobile or other land conveyance.

     Any person violating the provisions of this subdivision is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall for each offense be fined not less than $100 nor more than $500 and shall be confined in jail for not less than ten days nor more than one hundred days;

     (4) Hunt for, take, kill, wound or shoot at wild animals or wild birds from an airplane, or other airborne conveyance, an automobile, or other land conveyance, or from a motor-driven water conveyance, except as authorized by rules promulgated by the director;

     (5) Take any beaver or muskrat by any means other than by trap;

     (6) Catch, capture, take or kill by seine, net, bait, trap or snare or like device of any kind any wild turkey, ruffed grouse, pheasant or quail;

     (7) Destroy or attempt to destroy needlessly or willfully the nest or eggs of any wild bird or have in his or her possession the nest or eggs unless authorized to do so under rules promulgated by or under a permit issued by the director;

     (8) Except as provided in section six of this article, carry an uncased or loaded gun in any of the woods of this state except during the open firearms hunting season for wild animals and nonmigratory wild birds within any county of the state unless he or she has in his or her possession a permit in writing issued to him or her by the director: Provided, That this section does not prohibit hunting or taking of unprotected species of wild animals and wild birds and migratory wild birds, during the open season, in the open fields, open water and open marshes of the state;

     (9) Have in his or her possession a crossbow with a nocked bolt, a loaded firearm or a firearm from the magazine of which all shells and cartridges have not been removed, in or on any vehicle or conveyance, or its attachments, within the state, except as may otherwise be provided by law or regulation. Except as hereinafter provided, between five o'clock postmeridian of one day and seven o'clock antemeridian, eastern standard time of the day following, any unloaded firearm or crossbow, being lawfully carried in accordance with the foregoing provisions, may be so carried only when in a case or taken apart and securely wrapped. During the period from July 1 to September 30, inclusive, of each year, the foregoing requirements relative to carrying certain unloaded firearms are permissible only from eight-thirty o'clock postmeridian to five o'clock antemeridian, eastern standard time: Provided, That the time periods for carrying unloaded and uncased firearms are extended for one hour after the postmeridian times and one hour before the antemeridian times established above if a hunter is preparing to or in the process of transporting or transferring the firearms to or from a hunting site, campsite, home or other place of abode;

     (10) Hunt, catch, take, kill, trap, injure or pursue with firearms or other implement by which wildlife may be taken after the hour of five o'clock antemeridian on Sunday on private land without the written consent of the landowner any wild animals or wild birds except when a big game season opens on a Monday, the Sunday prior to that opening day will be closed for any taking of wild animals or birds after five o'clock antemeridian on that Sunday: Provided, That traps previously and legally set may be tended after the hour of five o'clock antemeridian on Sunday and the person so doing may carry only a twenty-two caliber firearm for the purpose of humanely dispatching trapped animals. Any person violating the provisions of this subdivision is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, in addition to any fines that may be imposed by this or other sections of this code, is subject to a $100 fine;

     (11) Hunt, catch, take, kill, injure or pursue a wild animal or bird with the use of a ferret;

     (12) Buy raw furs, pelts or skins of fur-bearing animals unless licensed to do so;

     (13) Catch, take, kill or attempt to catch, take or kill any fish at any time by any means other than by rod, line and hooks with natural or artificial lures unless otherwise authorized by law or rules issued by the Director: Provided, That snaring of any species of suckers, carp, fallfish and creek chubs shall at all times be lawful;

     (14) Employ or hire, or induce or persuade, by the use of money or other things of value, or by any means, any person to hunt, take, catch or kill any wild animal or wild bird except those species on which there is no closed season, or to fish for, catch, take or kill any fish, amphibian or aquatic life which is protected by the provisions of this chapter or rules of the director or the sale of which is prohibited;

     (15) Hunt, catch, take, kill, capture, pursue, transport, possess or use any migratory game or nongame birds included in the terms of conventions between the United States and Great Britain and between the United States and United Mexican States for the protection of migratory birds and wild mammals concluded, respectively, August 16, 1916, and February 7, 1936, except during the time and in the manner and numbers prescribed by the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act, 16 U.S.C. §703, et seq., and regulations made thereunder;

     (16) Kill, take, catch or have in his or her possession, living or dead, any wild bird other than a game bird; or expose for sale or transport within or without the state any bird except as aforesaid. No part of the plumage, skin or body of any protected bird may be sold or had in possession for sale except mounted or stuffed plumage, skin, bodies or heads of the birds legally taken and stuffed or mounted, irrespective of whether the bird was captured within or without this state, except the English or European sparrow (passer domesticus), starling (sturnus vulgaris) and cowbird (molothrus ater), which may not be protected and the killing thereof at any time is lawful;

     (17) Use dynamite or any like explosive or poisonous mixture placed in any waters of the state for the purpose of killing or taking fish. Any person violating the provisions of this subdivision is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned for not less than six months nor more than three years, or both fined and imprisoned;

     (18) Have a bow and gun, or have a gun and any arrow or arrows, in the fields or woods at the same time;

     (19) Have a crossbow in the woods or fields or use a crossbow to hunt for, take or attempt to take any wildlife except as otherwise provided in section 42w of this article;

     (20) Take or attempt to take turkey, bear, elk or deer with any arrow unless the arrow is equipped with a point having at least two sharp cutting edges measuring in excess of three fourths of an inch wide;

     (21) Take or attempt to take any wildlife with an arrow having an explosive head or shaft, a poisoned arrow or an arrow which would affect wildlife by any chemical action;

     (22) Shoot an arrow across any public highway or from aircraft, motor-driven watercraft, motor vehicle or other land conveyance;

     (23) Permit any dog owned by him or her or under his or her control to chase, pursue or follow upon the track of any wild animal or wild bird, either day or night, between May 1 and the August 15 next following: Provided, That dogs may be trained on wild animals and wild birds, except deer and wild turkeys, and field trials may be held or conducted on the grounds or lands of the owner or by his or her bona fide tenant or tenants or upon the grounds or lands of another person with his or her written permission or on public lands at any time: Provided, however, That nonresidents may not train dogs in this state at any time except during the legal small game hunting season: Provided further, That the person training said dogs does not have firearms or other implements in his or her possession during the closed season on wild animals and wild birds, whereby wild animals or wild birds could be taken or killed;

     (24) Conduct or participate in a field trial, shoot-to- retrieve field trial, water race or wild hunt hereafter referred to as trial: Provided, That any person, group of persons, club or organization may hold the trial at any time of the year upon obtaining a permit as is provided in section fifty-six of this article. The person responsible for obtaining the permit shall prepare and keep an accurate record of the names and addresses of all persons participating in said trial and make same readily available for inspection by any natural resources police officer upon request;

     (25) Except as provided in section four of this article, hunt, catch, take, kill or attempt to hunt, catch, take or kill any wild animal, wild bird or wild fowl except during the open season established by rule of the director as authorized by subdivision (6), section seven, article one of this chapter;

     (26) Hunting on public lands on Sunday after five o'clock antemeridian is prohibited;

     (27) Hunt, catch, take, kill, trap, injure or pursue with firearms or other implement which wildlife can be taken, on private lands on Sunday after the hour of five o'clock antemeridian: Provided, That the provisions of this subdivision do not apply in any county until the county commission of the county holds an election on the question of whether the provisions of this subdivision prohibiting hunting on Sunday shall apply within the county and the voters approve the allowance of hunting on Sunday in the county. The election is determined by a vote of the resident voters of the county in which the hunting on Sunday is proposed to be authorized. The county commission of the county in which Sunday hunting is proposed shall give notice to the public of the election by publication of the notice as a Class II-0 legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code and the publication area for the publication is the county in which the election is to be held. The date of the last publication of the notice shall fall on a date within the period of the fourteen consecutive days next preceding the election.

     On the local option election ballot shall be printed the following:

     Shall hunting on Sunday be authorized in ________ County?

               [ ] Yes         [ ] No

     (Place a cross mark in the square opposite your choice.)

     Any local option election to approve or disapprove of the proposed authorization of Sunday hunting within a county shall be in accordance with procedures adopted by the commission. The local option election may be held in conjunction with a primary or general election or at a special election. Approval shall be by a majority of the voters casting votes on the question of approval or disapproval of Sunday hunting at the election.

     If a majority votes against allowing Sunday hunting, no election on the issue may be held for a period of one hundred four weeks. If a majority votes "yes," no election reconsidering the action may be held for a period of five years. A local option election may thereafter be held if a written petition of qualified voters residing within the county equal to at least five percent of the number of persons who were registered to vote in the next preceding general election is received by the county commission of the county in which Sunday hunting is authorized. The petition may be in any number of counterparts. The election shall take place at the next primary or general election scheduled more than ninety days following receipt by the county commission of the petition required by this subsection: Provided, That the issue may not be placed on the ballot until all statutory notice requirements have been met. No local law or regulation providing any penalty, disability, restriction, regulation or prohibition of Sunday hunting may be enacted and the provisions of this article preempt all regulations, rules, ordinances and laws of any county or municipality in conflict with this subdivision; and

     (28) Hunt or conduct hunts for a fee where the hunter is not physically present in the same location as the wildlife being hunted within West Virginia.
WVC 20 - 2 - 5 A §20-2-5a. Forfeiture by person causing injury or death of game or protected species of animal; additional replacement costs for antlered deer; forfeiture procedures and costs.
(a) Any person who is convicted of violating a criminal law of this state that results in the injury or death of game, as defined in section two, article one of this chapter, or a protected species of animal, in addition to any other penalty to which he or she is subject, shall forfeit the cost of replacing the game or protected species of animal to the state as follows:

(1) For each game fish or each fish of a protected species taken illegally other than by pollution kill, $10 for each pound and any fraction thereof;

(2) For each bear or elk, $500;

(3) For each deer or raven, $200;

(4) For each wild turkey, hawk or owl, $100;

(5) For each beaver, otter or mink, $25;

(6) For each muskrat, raccoon, skunk or fox, $15;

(7) For each rabbit, squirrel, opossum, duck, quail, woodcock, grouse or pheasant, $10;

(8) For each wild boar, $200;

(9) For each bald eagle, $5,000;

(10) For each golden eagle, $5,000; and

(11) For any other game or protected species of animal, $100.

(b) In addition to the replacement value for deer in subsection (a)(3), the following cost shall also be forfeited to the state by any person who is convicted of violating any criminal law of this state and the violation causes the injury or death of antlered deer:

(1) For any deer in which the inside spread of the main beams of the antlers measured at the widest point equals 14 inches or greater but less than 16 inches, $1,000;

(2) For any deer in which the inside spread of the main beams of the antlers measured at the widest point equals 16 inches or greater but less than 18 inches, $1,500;

(3) For any deer in which the inside spread of the main beams of the antlers measured at the widest point equals 18 inches or greater but less than 20 inches, $2,000; and

(4) For any deer in which the inside spread of the main beams of the antlers measured at the widest point equals 20 inches or greater, $2,500.

(5) Any person convicted of a second or subsequent violation of any criminal law of this state which violation causes the injury or death of antlered deer is subject to double the authorized range of cost to be forfeited.

(c) Upon conviction, the court shall order the person to forfeit to the state the amount set forth in this section for the injury or death of the game or protected species of animal. If two or more defendants are convicted for the same violation causing the injury or death of game or protected species of animal, the forfeiture shall be paid by each person in an equal amount. The forfeiture shall be paid by the person so convicted within the time prescribed by the court not to exceed sixty days. In each instance, the court shall pay the forfeiture to the Division of Natural Resources to be deposited into the License Fund-Wildlife Resources (3200) and used only for the replacement, habitat management or enforcement programs for injured or killed game or protected species of animal.


WVC 20 - 2 - 5 B §20-2-5b. Exceeding creel limit on trout; other violations of code or rules and regulations for trout fishing; penalties.

Any person who exceeds the creel limit on trout or who otherwise violates any provisions of this code or any rules and regulations relating to trout fishing is guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than fifty dollars nor more than three hundred dollars, or imprisoned in the county jail not less than ten nor more than one hundred days, or both fined and imprisoned.


WVC 20 - 2 - 5 C §20-2-5c. Protection of bald eagles and golden eagles; unlawful acts; criminal penalties; forfeitures; license revocation.

(a) It is unlawful at any time for any person to take, possess, transport, import, export or process, sell or offer for sale, buy, barter or trade or offer to buy, barter or trade at any time or in any manner, any bald eagle, also commonly known as the American eagle, or any golden eagle, alive or dead, or any part, nest or egg thereof of the foregoing eagles, or to attempt to do any of these acts.

(b) Anyone who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than five hundred dollars nor more than five thousand dollars or imprisoned in the county jail not less than sixty days nor more than one year, or both fined and imprisoned. One half of any fine imposed shall be paid to any person or persons providing information that leads to the arrest and conviction of anyone violating the provisions of this section.

(c) For a second or subsequent conviction for a violation of this section, a person is guilty of a felony and shall be fined not less than five thousand dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars and imprisoned in the penitentiary for not less than one year nor more than two years. An amount equal to one half of the fine imposed, not exceeding two thousand five hundred dollars, shall be paid to the person or persons providing information that leads to the arrest and conviction of anyone for a second or subsequent violation of the provisions of this section.

(d) "Take" is defined as including any means to pursue, hunt, wound, kill, capture, collect, poison, or molest any bald eagle or golden eagle, or any part, nest or egg thereof, or to knowingly and willfully destroy the nest or eggs of any such eagles.

(e) Nothing in this section may be construed to prohibit the taking, possession or transportation of bald or golden eagles legally under the current federal Eagle Protection Act, 16 USC § 668a, and the current federal regulations, 50 CFR 22.1 et seq.

(f) All wildlife, merchandise, guns, traps, nets and other equipment, vessels, vehicles, aircraft and other means of transportation used in taking, possessing, transporting, importing, exporting, selling or offering for sale, purchasing or bartering or offering to purchase or barter any bald or golden eagle or part, nest, or egg thereof, or in attempting to do any of these acts in violation of this section shall be forfeited, at the time of conviction, to the state.

(g) Upon conviction of taking, possessing, transporting, importing, exporting or processing, selling or offering for sale, buying, bartering or trading or offering to buy, barter or trade any bald or golden eagle, alive or dead, or any part, nest or egg thereof of the foregoing eagles, or of attempting to do any of these acts, the hunting licenses of such person or persons may be revoked and such person or persons shall not be issued any new hunting licenses for a period of ten years from the date of conviction.


WVC 20 - 2 - 5 D §20-2-5d. Use of chemicals, biological compounds or devices on free roaming wildlife populations for fertility control.
Notwithstanding any other provisions of this code and except as specifically authorized by the director in consultation with the wildlife resources section of the division, it is unlawful for anyone to administer any chemical, biological compound or device to free roaming or noncaptive wildlife for the purpose of fertility control. The director shall promulgate legislative rules in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code whereby the director may issue such authorization.


WVC 20 - 2 - 5 E §20-2-5e. Assessment fee for decoy animals.
Any person convicted for the violation of any law involving the division of natural resources' use of a decoy animal shall, in addition to any fines and costs for the criminal violation, pay a fifty dollar civil penalty to the division of natural resources, law-enforcement section. The civil penalty shall be collected by the court in which the person is convicted and forwarded to the division of natural resources, law-enforcement section. All funds collected are to be placed in a special account and used for: (1) The purchase or repair of decoy animals; and (2) the purchase of equipment for use with decoy animals.


WVC 20 - 2 - 5 F §20-2-5f. Nonresident dog training for coon hunting; training season.
Notwithstanding subdivision (24), section five of this article or any other provision to the contrary, the director is authorized to allow a nonresident to train dogs for coon hunting in West Virginia, if the state in which the nonresident resides allows residents from West Virginia to train dogs for coon hunting. The dog training season for a nonresident to train dogs for coon hunting is from the fifteenth day of August of each year through the legal small game hunting season.


WVC 20 - 2 - 5 G §20-2-5g. Use of a crossbow by certain physically disabled persons.
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary, a person who possesses a valid Class Y permit in accordance with section forty-two-w of this article may, during the designated archery hunting season, hunt with a crossbow.

(b) Only crossbows meeting all of the following specifications may be used for hunting in West Virginia:

(1) The crossbow has a minimum draw weight of one hundred twenty-five pounds;

(2) The crossbow has a working safety; and

(3) The crossbow is used with bolts and arrows not less than eighteen inches in length with a broad head having at least two sharp cutting edges, measuring at least 3/4 of an inch in width.


WVC 20 - 2 - 6 §20-2-6. Carrying gun on landowner's land.
Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, it shall be lawful for a bona fide resident landowner of this state, any member of said landowner's family and any bona fide tenant of said landowner, to carry an uncased gun at any time, whether accompanied by or without a dog, in their regular pursuits in caring for and looking after such landowner's livestock or poultry on his land and on any lands leased or rented by him for livestock or poultry husbandry purposes.


WVC 20 - 2 - 6 A §20-2-6a. Carrying a concealed handgun.
(a) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, a person licensed to carry a concealed weapon pursuant to the provisions of section four, article seven, chapter sixty-one of this code who is not prohibited at the time from possessing a firearm pursuant to the provisions of section seven, article seven, chapter sixty-one of this code or by any applicable federal law may carry a handgun in a concealed manner for self defense purposes while afield hunting, hiking, camping or in or on a motor vehicle.

(b) The provisions of this section shall not exempt any person from obtaining any hunting or fishing license or stamp required by the division of natural resources.


WVC 20 - 2 - 7 §20-2-7. Hunting, trapping or fishing on lands of another; damages and restitution.
(a) It is unlawful for any person to shoot, hunt, fish or trap upon the fenced, enclosed or posted lands of another person; or to peel trees or timber, build fires or do any other act in connection with shooting, hunting, fishing or trapping on the lands without written permission in his or her possession from the owner, tenant or agent of the owner.

(b) Any person who hunts, traps or fishes on land without the permission of the owner, tenant or agent of the owner is guilty of a misdemeanor and, liable to the owner or person suffering damage for all costs and damages for: (1) Killing or injuring any domestic animal, fowl, or private game farm animal; (2) cutting, destroying or damaging any bars, gates or fence or any part of the property; or (3) leaving open any bars or gates resulting in damage to the property.

(c) Restitution of the value of the property or animals injured, damaged or destroyed shall be required upon conviction pursuant to sections four and five, article eleven-a, chapter sixty-one of this code. The restitution ordered for private game farm animals shall be equivalent to or greater than the replacement values for deer listed in section five-a in this article.

(d) The owner, tenant or agent of the owner may arrest a person violating this section and immediately take him or her before a magistrate. The owner, tenant or agent of the owner is vested with the powers and rights of a natural resources police officer for these purposes. The officers charged with the enforcement of the provisions of this chapter shall enforce the provisions of this section if requested to do so by the owner, tenant or agent of the owner, but not otherwise.

(e) The provisions of subsections (b) and (d) of this section related to criminal penalties and being subject to arrest are inapplicable to a person whose dog, without the person's direction or encouragement, travels onto the fenced, enclosed or posted land of another in pursuit of an animal or wild bird: Provided, That the pursuit does not result in the taking of game from the fenced, enclosed or posted land and does not result in the killing of domestic animals or fowl or other damage to or on the fenced, enclosed or posted land.


WVC 20 - 2 - 8 §20-2-8. Posting unenclosed lands; hunting, etc., on posted land.
The owner, lessee or other person entitled to possession of unenclosed lands may have erected and maintained signs or placards legibly printed, easily discernible, conspicuously posted and reasonably spaced, so as to indicate the territory in which hunting, trapping or fishing is prohibited.

Any person who enters upon the unenclosed lands of another which have been lawfully posted, for the purpose of hunting, trapping or fishing, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. The officers charged with the enforcement of the provisions of this chapter shall have the duty to enforce the provisions of this section if requested to do so by such owner, lessee, person or agent, but not otherwise.


WVC 20 - 2 - 9 §20-2-9. Unlawful posting of lands.
It shall be unlawful and shall constitute a misdemeanor offense for any person or his agent or employee wilfully to post any notice or warning or wilfully to ward, drive or attempt to drive any person off, or prevent his hunting or fishing on, any land not owned or lawfully occupied by such person, his agent, or employee, unless such land is a lawfully established game or fish preserve.


WVC 20 - 2 - 10 §20-2-10. Destruction, etc., of signs posted under chapter.
It shall be unlawful and shall constitute a misdemeanor offense for any person to destroy, tear down, shoot at, deface or erase any printed matter or signs placed or posted by or under the authority of this chapter: Provided, however, That this section shall not apply to the owner, his agents, tenants or lessees, of the lands on which such signs or printed matter are posted. Each such sign so destroyed, torn down, shot at, defaced or erased shall be considered a separate offense under this section.


WVC 20 - 2 - 11 §20-2-11. Sale of wildlife; transportation of same.
No person, except those legally licensed to operate private game preserves for the purpose of propagating game for commercial purposes and those legally licensed to propagate or sell fish, amphibians and other forms of aquatic life, shall purchase or offer to purchase, sell or offer to sell, expose for sale, or have in his or her possession for the purpose of sale any wildlife, or part thereof, which has been designated as game animals, fur-bearing animals, game birds, game fish or amphibians, or any of the song or insectivorous birds of the state, or any other species of wildlife which the director may designate: Provided, That pelts of game or fur-bearing animals taken during the legal season may be sold and live red and gray foxes and raccoon taken by legal methods during legal and established trapping seasons may be sold within the state: Provided, however, That hide, head, antlers and feet of a legally killed deer and the hide, head and skull of a legally killed black bear may be sold.

No person, including a common carrier, shall transport, carry or convey, or receive for such purposes any wildlife, the sale of which is prohibited, if such person knows or has reason to believe that such wildlife has been or is to be sold in violation of this section.

The selling or exposing for sale, having in possession for sale, transporting or carrying in violation of this section shall each constitute a separate misdemeanor offense. Notwithstanding the provisions of this or any other section of this chapter, any game birds or game bird meats sold by licensed retailers may be served at any hotel, restaurant or other licensed eating place in this state.

The director shall have authority to promulgate rules in accordance with chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, dealing with the sale of wildlife and the skins thereof.


WVC 20 - 2 - 12 §20-2-12. Transportation of wildlife out of state; penalties.
(a) A person may not transport or have in his or her possession with the intention of transporting beyond the limits of the state any species of wildlife or any part thereof killed, taken, captured or caught within this state, except as provided in this section.

(1) A person legally entitled to hunt and fish in this state may take with him or her personally, when leaving the state, any wildlife that he or she has lawfully taken or killed, not exceeding, during the open season, the number that any person may lawfully possess.

(2) Licensed resident hunters and trappers and resident and nonresident fur dealers may transport beyond the limits of the state pelts of game and fur-bearing animals taken during the legal season.

(3) A person may transport the hide, head, antlers and feet of a legally killed deer and the hide, head, skull, organs and feet of a legally killed black bear beyond the limits of the state.

(4) A person legally entitled to possess an animal according to section four, article two of this chapter may transport that animal beyond the limits of the state.

(b) The director shall have authority to promulgate rules in accordance with chapter twenty-nine-a of this code dealing with the transportation and tagging of wildlife and the skins.

(c) A person violating the provisions of this section by transporting or possessing with the intention of transporting beyond the limits of this state deer or wild boar shall be deemed to have committed a separate offense for each animal so transported or possessed.

(d) A person violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than twenty dollars nor more than three hundred dollars and be imprisoned in jail not less than ten nor more than sixty days.

(e) This section does not apply to persons legally entitled to propagate and sell wild animals, wild birds, fish, amphibians and other forms of aquatic life beyond the limits of the state.


WVC 20 - 2 - 13 §20-2-13. Importation of wildlife; certification and inspection of imported wildlife.
No person shall transport into or have in his possession within this state any live wildlife or viable eggs thereof from without the state, except as authorized by an importation permit issued by the director: Provided, That the director shall not be authorized to issue a permit to any person to transport into this state any coyotes (Canis latrans). The director may issue at his discretion such permit as he is authorized to issue, fix the terms thereof and revoke it at his pleasure. Importers of fish or viable eggs of the family salmondiae (trout, char, salmon) shall furnish a statement from a recognized fish pathologist certifying the source to be free of whirling disease, infectious pancreatic necrosis, viral hemorrhagic septicemia or other diseases which may threaten fish stocks within the state.

Importers of wildlife species shall furnish disease free certification from pathologists, or veterinarians, as the director deems necessary to protect native populations.

All imported wildlife shall be subject to inspection by authorized agents of the department and such inspections may include biological examinations and the removal of a reasonable sample of fish or eggs for such purposes.

Any person violating any of the provisions of this section concerning coyotes shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall for each offense be fined not less than one hundred nor more than three hundred dollars, or confined in jail not less than ten nor more than one hundred days, or be both fined and imprisoned within the limitations aforesaid.


WVC 20 - 2 - 14 §20-2-14. Propagation of wildlife for commercial purposes.
No person shall propagate wildlife for commercial purposes except when licensed to do so as provided in section forty-seven of this article.


WVC 20 - 2 - 15 §20-2-15. Permit to kill deer or other wildlife causing damage to cultivated crops, trees, commercial nurseries, homeowners' shrubbery and vegetable gardens; weapon restrictions.
(a) Whenever it is found that deer or other wildlife are causing damage to cultivated crops, fruit trees, commercial nurseries, homeowners' trees, shrubbery or vegetable gardens, the owner or lessee of the lands on which damage is done may report the finding to the natural resources police officer or biologist of the county in which the lands are located or to the director. The director shall then investigate the reported damage and if found substantial, shall issue a permit to the owner or lessee to kill one or more deer or other wildlife in the manner prescribed by the director.

(b) In addition to the foregoing, the director shall establish procedures for the issuance of permits or other authorization necessary to control deer or other wildlife causing property damage.

(c) All persons attempting to kill deer or other wildlife pursuant to this section are subject to the same minimum caliber restrictions and other firearm restrictions and the same minimum bow poundage and other bow and arrow restrictions that apply when hunting the same animal species during the regular hunting seasons.


WVC 20 - 2 - 16 §20-2-16. Dogs chasing deer.
No person may permit his or her dog to hunt or chase deer. A natural resources police officer shall take into possession any dog known to have hunted or chased deer and the director shall advertise that the dog is in his or her possession, giving a description of the dog and stating the circumstances under which it was taken. The notice shall be published as a Class I legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, and the publication area for the publication is the county. He or she shall hold the dog for a period of ten days after the date of the publication. If, within ten days, the owner does not claim the dog, the director shall destroy it. In this event the cost of keeping and advertising shall be paid by the director. If, within ten days, the owner claims the dog, he or she may repossess it on the payment of costs of advertising and the cost of keep, not exceeding 50¢ per day. A natural resources police officer, or any officer or employee of the director authorized to enforce the provisions of this section, after a bona fide but unsuccessful effort to capture dogs detected chasing or pursuing deer, may kill the dogs.


WVC 20 - 2 - 17 §20-2-17. Hunting fur-bearing animals; possession of fur; disturbing traps of another.

No person shall hunt, capture, trap, take or kill fur-bearing animals except as authorized by regulation of the director. Except as authorized by the director, no person shall have in his possession the fresh skin, or part thereof, of any fur-bearing animal, except beaver, within the period beginning ten days after the end of the open season on such fur-bearing animal and ending with the first day of the next succeeding open season. No person shall disturb properly marked traps of another person, kill, remove or take a fur-bearing animal from the trap of another person without specific authorization of the owner of the trap, except upon land where the owner of such trap may have placed it without right or permission.


WVC 20 - 2 - 18 §20-2-18. Number and types of traps.
The director shall have the power and authority to regulate the number, kind and type of traps to be used in the catching or trapping of any game or fur-bearing animals.


WVC 20 - 2 - 19 §20-2-19. Marking of traps.
All traps used for taking game or fur-bearing animals shall be marked with a durable plate or tag attached to the snare, trap or trap chain bearing the name and address of the owner of the trap.


WVC 20 - 2 - 19 A §20-2-19a. Trappers authorized to possess only twenty-two caliber firearm on Sundays.

Any person authorized by the provisions of this article to trap any game or fur-bearing animal is also authorized, if that person is checking his or her traps on Sunday, to carry only a twenty-two caliber firearm for the purpose of humanely dispatching trapped animals.


WVC 20 - 2 - 20 §20-2-20. Trapping beaver.
A person may not have in his possession an untagged beaver hide, or part thereof, within the period beginning thirty days after the end of the open season and ending with the first day of the next succeeding open season for beavers.


WVC 20 - 2 - 21 §20-2-21. Reporting beaver and otter pelts taken and tagged.
               Each trapper shall present each beaver and otter, or each pelt, to a game checking station or representative of the division within thirty days after the close of a legal season. A tag provided by the division shall be affixed to each beaver and otter, or each pelt and remain attached to the animal or pelt until it is processed into commercial fur.
WVC 20 - 2 - 22 §20-2-22. Tagging, removing, transporting and reporting bear, , deer, wild boar and wild turkey.

     (a) Each person killing a bear, deer, wild boar or wild turkey found in a wild state shall either attach a completed field tag to the animal or remain with the animal and have upon his or her person a completed field tag before removing the carcass in any manner from where it was killed.

     (b) While transporting the carcass of a bear, deer, wild boar or wild turkey from where it was killed, each person shall either attach a completed field tag to the animal or have upon his or her person a completed field tag.

     (c) Upon arriving at a residence, camp, hunting lodge, vehicle or vessel each person shall attach a field tag to the killed bear, deer, wild boar or wild turkey. The field tag shall remain on the carcass until it is retagged with a game tag by a natural resources police officer or an official checking station. The game tag shall remain on the carcass until it is dressed for consumption.

     (d) If a person who does not possess a field tag kills a bear, deer, wild boar or wild turkey, he or she shall make a tag. The field tag shall bear the name, address and, if applicable, the license number of the hunter and the time, date and county of killing.

     (e) The carcass of a wild turkey shall be delivered to a natural resources police officer or an official checking station for checking and retagging before it is either skinned or transported beyond the boundaries of the county adjacent to that in which the kill was made.

     (f) The fresh skin and head or carcass of the deer shall be delivered to a natural resources police officer or an official checking station for checking and retagging before it is transported beyond the boundaries of the county adjacent to that in which the kill was made.

     (g) A person who kills a bear shall treat the carcass and remains in accordance with the provisions of section twenty-two-a of this article.

     (h) For each violation of this section a person is subject to the penalties provided in this article.
WVC 20 - 2 - 22 A §20-2-22a. Hunting, tagging and reporting bear; procedures applicable to property destruction by bear; penalties.
(a) A person in any county of this state may not hunt, capture, or kill any bear, or have in his or her possession any bear or bear parts, except during the hunting season for bear and in the manner designated by rules promulgated by the Division of Natural Resources and as provided in this section. For the purposes of this section, bear parts include, but are not limited to, the pelt, gallbladder, skull and claws of bear.

(b) A person who kills a bear shall, within twenty-four hours after the killing, deliver the bear or fresh skin to a natural resources police officer or checking station for tagging. A Division of Natural Resources tag shall be affixed to it before any part of the bear may be transported more than seventy-five miles from the point of kill. The Division of Natural Resources tag shall remain on the skin until it is tanned or mounted. Any bear or bear parts not properly tagged shall be forfeited to the state for disposal to a charitable institution, school or as otherwise designated by the Division of Natural Resources.

(c) It is unlawful:

(1) To hunt bear without a bear damage stamp as prescribed in section forty-four-b of this article, in addition to a hunting license as prescribed in this article;

(2) To hunt a bear with:

(A) A shotgun using ammunition loaded with more than one solid ball;

(B) A rifle of less than twenty-five caliber using rimfire ammunition; or,

(C) A crossbow;

(3) To kill or attempt to kill any bear through the use of poison, explosives, snares, steel traps or deadfalls other than as authorized in this section;

(4) To shoot at or kill:

(A) A bear weighing less than seventy-five pounds live weight or fifty pounds field dressed weight, after removal of all internal organs;

(B) Any bear accompanied by a cub; or,

(C) Any bear cub so accompanied, regardless of its weight;

(5) To possess any part of a bear not tagged in accordance with the provisions of this section;

(6) To enter a state game refuge with firearms for the purpose of pursuing or killing a bear except under the direct supervision of division personnel;

(7) To hunt bear with dogs or to cause dogs to chase bear during seasons other than those designated by the Division of Natural Resources for the hunting of bear;

(8) To pursue a bear with a pack of dogs other than the pack used at the beginning of the hunt once the bear is spotted and the chase has begun;

(9) To possess, harvest, sell or purchase bear parts obtained from bear killed in violation of this section;

(10) To organize for commercial purposes or to professionally outfit a bear hunt or to give or receive any consideration whatsoever or any donation in money, goods or services in connection with a bear hunt notwithstanding the provisions of sections twenty-three and twenty-four of this article; or

(11) For any person who is not a resident of this state to hunt bear with dogs or to use dogs in any fashion for the purpose of hunting bear in this state except in legally authorized hunts.

(d) The following provisions apply to bear destroying property:

(1) (A) Any property owner or lessee who has suffered damage to real or personal property, including loss occasioned by the death or injury of livestock or the unborn issue of livestock, caused by an act of a bear may complain to any natural resources police officer of the Division of Natural Resources for protection against the bear.

(B) Upon receipt of the complaint, the officer shall immediately investigate the circumstances of the complaint. If the officer is unable to personally investigate the complaint, he or she shall designate a wildlife biologist to investigate on his or her behalf.

(C) If the complaint is found to be justified, the officer or designated person may, together with the owner and other residents, proceed to hunt, destroy or capture the bear that caused the property damage: Provided, That only the natural resources police officer or the wildlife biologist may determine whether to destroy or capture the bear and whether to use dogs to capture or destroy the bear: Provided, however, That, if out-of-state dogs are used in the hunt, the owners of the dogs are the only nonresidents permitted to participate in hunting the bear.

(2) (A) When a property owner has suffered damage to real or personal property as the result of an act by a bear, the owner shall file a report with the Director of the Division of Natural Resources. The report shall state whether or not the bear was hunted and destroyed and, if so, the sex, weight and estimated age of the bear. The report shall also include an appraisal of the property damage occasioned by the bear duly signed by three competent appraisers fixing the value of the property lost.

(B) The report shall be ruled upon and the alleged damages examined by a commission comprised of the complaining property owner, an officer of the division and a person to be jointly selected by the officer and the complaining property owner.

(C) The division shall establish the procedures to be followed in presenting and deciding claims under this section in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code.

(D) All claims shall be paid in the first instance from the Bear Damage Fund provided in section forty-four-b of this article. In the event the fund is insufficient to pay all claims determined by the commission to be just and proper, the remainder due to owners of lost or destroyed property shall be paid from the special revenue account of the Division of Natural Resources.

(3) In all cases where the act of the bear complained of by the property owner is the killing of livestock, the value to be established is the fair market value of the livestock at the date of death. In cases where the livestock killed is pregnant, the total value is the sum of the values of the mother and the unborn issue, with the value of the unborn issue to be determined on the basis of the fair market value of the issue had it been born.

(e) Criminal penalties. -- (1) Any person who commits a violation of the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000, which fine is not subject to suspension by the court, confined in jail not less than thirty nor more than one hundred days, or both fined and confined. Further, the person's hunting and fishing licenses shall be suspended for two years.

(2) Any person who commits a second violation of the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $2,000 nor more than $7,500, which fine is not subject to suspension by the court, confined in jail not less than thirty days nor more than one year, or both fined and confined. The person's hunting and fishing licenses shall be suspended for life.

(3) Any person who commits a third or subsequent violation of the provisions of this section is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $5,000 nor more than $10,000, which fine is not subject to suspension by the court, imprisoned in a correctional facility not less than one year nor more than five years, or both fined and imprisoned.


WVC 20 - 2 - 23 §20-2-23. Outfitters and guides -- Generally; definitions.

(a) Services of outfitters and guides for the benefit and convenience of hunters, fishermen and others in this state are recognized as essential, and such outfitters and guides may be licensed and authorized to serve as provided in this article. The director is hereby authorized to promulgate rules and regulations on services of outfitters and guides as herein authorized and defined.

(b) The term "outfitter," as used herein, means and includes any person who, operating from any temporary or permanent camp, private or public lodge, or private or incorporated home situate within this state, provides for monetary profit or gain, saddle or pack animals or other animals, vehicles, boats, conveyances or equipment, or guide services for any person or persons hunting game animals, game birds, fishing or taking expeditions, both land and water, in this state. The term "outfitter" shall not include, however, any person who occasionally for accommodation or favor rather than profit or gain, rents equipment to hunters, fishermen or others as a service incidental to his principal occupation or business without advertising outfitter or guide services or holding out to the public the offering of such services. The term "guide," as used herein, includes and embraces outfitter services and the term "outfitter" includes and embraces guide services, but the applicant for any license hereunder may in his or her application elect to be designated as an outfitter or guide.

(c) The term "commercial whitewater outfitter," as used herein, means any person, partnership, corporation or other organization, or any combination thereof, duly authorized and operating from within or from without the state, which for monetary profit or gain, provides whitewater expeditions or rents whitewater craft or equipment for use in whitewater expeditions on any river, portions of rivers or waters of the state in accordance with this article.

The term "commercial whitewater guide," as used herein, means any person who is an owner, agent or employee of a commercial whitewater outfitter, and who is qualified and authorized to provide services for whitewater expeditions in the state in accordance with this article.


WVC 20 - 2 - 23 A §20-2-23a. Whitewater commission; powers and duties of commission and division of natural resources; allocations; civil and criminal penalties for violations.
(a) There is hereby created a whitewater commission within the division of natural resources. The commission shall consist of the director of the division of natural resources or his or her designee; the director of the division of parks and tourism or his or her designee; three representatives of private river users who have no affiliation with any commercial river enterprise to be appointed by the governor: Provided, That no more than one representative of the private river users may be from each whitewater zone; and four persons representing four different licensed commercial whitewater outfitters currently operating within the state to be appointed by the governor. The superintendent of the New River Gorge National Park or his or her designee shall be a nonvoting member of the commission. All appointed members of the commission shall be citizens and residents of West Virginia. Of the four representatives of commercial outfitters, two persons shall represent commercial whitewater outfitters holding or controlling through corporate affiliation or common ownership multiple licenses in West Virginia and two persons shall represent commercial whitewater outfitters in West Virginia who hold only a single license and who have no common ownership or corporate affiliation with another licensee, the director of the division of natural resources shall serve as chairperson of the commission. Of the seven members of the commission first appointed by the governor, two shall be appointed for a term of one year, two for a term of two years and three for a term of three years. Thereafter, the terms of all appointed members of the commission are for three years. Members shall serve until their successors have been appointed and any vacancy in the office of a member shall be filled by appointment for the unexpired term. Members representing commercial outfitters who have served at least two years on the commission are not eligible for reappointment to a successive term.

(b) The commission has the following powers and duties:

(1) To investigate and study commercial whitewater rafting, outfitting and activities related thereto which take place along the rivers or waters of the state;

(2) To designate any such rivers or waters or any portions thereof as "whitewater zones" for which commercial whitewater rafting, outfitting and activities are to be investigated and studied, and to determine the order and the periods of time within which the investigations and studies are to be conducted. The commission shall first investigate and study those whitewater zones which it finds to present serious problems requiring immediate regulation, including, without limitation, safety hazards and problems of overcrowding or environmental misuse;

(3) To restrict, deny or postpone the issuance of licenses to additional commercial whitewater outfitters seeking to operate in areas and portions of rivers and waters in this state designated whitewater zones by action of the director of the division of natural resources as authorized under prior enactment of this section and so designated by the filing of a written notice entered upon the records of the division containing the designation and reasonable description of the whitewater zone: Provided, That in consideration of the consolidation occurring among outfitting companies providing rafting services on the Gauley River, the commission shall grant one additional whitewater rafting license for the Gauley River on or before the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-nine, with preference being given in the selection process to the applicant best satisfying the following criteria: (i) The applicant demonstrates a record of providing commercial rafting and related whitewater services in a safe and lawful manner on the New River and other rivers; (ii) the applicant has continuously engaged for three or more years in the commercial rafting business on the New River and has, or can obtain, the necessary equipment and facilities to support Gauley River operations; (iii) the seniority of the application as measured by the length of time the applicant has sought a Gauley River license with the more senior application given preference; (iv) that the applicant is not affiliated with, operated or owned by an existing Gauley River licensee; (v) that the applicant has no common ownership with an existing Gauley River licensee; and (vi) that the economic benefit represented by the award of a Gauley River license will serve to assist the promotion of tourism and the delivery of outfitting services beyond Fayette and Nicholas counties. In authorizing the issuance of an additional Gauley River license, it is the intention of the Legislature that the commission not increase the carrying capacity of a current Gauley River licensee, but that the commission promote and maintain competition among licensees by increasing the number of independent outfitters operating on the Gauley;

(4) To commission such studies as are necessary to determine the physical carrying capacity and monitor the levels of use on the New, Gauley, Cheat, Shenandoah and Tygart rivers and how each relates to the overall quality of the rafting experience, the economic impact of rafting, tourism and employment in the state and the safety of the general public: Provided, That if, during a study period, the commission deems that overcrowding is not a problem on any whitewater zone on the Cheat, Shenandoah and Tygart rivers, or on the New River upstream of the confluence of the Greenbrier and New rivers and on the Gauley River upstream of the Summersville Dam, then it may issue a license;

(5) Based on the findings of a study of the carrying capacity of a river, to formulate rational criteria for an allocation methodology for the river subject to the study, including, but not limited to, a minimum allocation for each river studied;

(6) To immediately implement a freeze on mandated changes in use allocations for the licenses of existing licensees on moratorium sections of the Gauley and New rivers as defined in subsection (d) of this section. All such licenses shall carry the use allocation in effect on the second day of May, one thousand nine hundred ninety-two. The commission shall implement allocation methodologies for other rivers as the commission, after appropriate study, may deem necessary with all such allocation methodologies implemented by rules promulgated pursuant to chapter twenty-nine-a of this code;

(7) To determine administrative policies relating to regulation of the whitewater industry and to administer such policies, except that the commission shall delegate to the director of the division of natural resources or his or her designee the authority to administer the day-to-day responsibilities of the commission pursuant to this section and may vest in the director of the division of natural resources or his or her designee the authority to make determinations with respect to which it is not practicable to convene or to poll the commission, within guidelines established by the commission;

(8) To review all contracts or agreements with governmental agencies related to whitewater studies or regulation, and any negotiations related thereto;

(9) To verify reports by outfitters of numbers of river users and guides, to monitor the extent of the crowding conditions on the rivers and to establish a system for reporting the number of river users and guides on each whitewater expedition;

(10) To regulate the issuance, transfer, and renewal of licenses. However, licenses issued to commercial whitewater outfitters or use allocations or other privileges conferred by a license may be transferred, sold, offered as security to financial institutions or otherwise encumbered, upon notice in writing to the commission and the director of the division of natural resources, subject to the following limitations: (i) The commission may refuse a transfer upon a finding that there is reasonable cause to believe that the safety of members of the public may be adversely affected by the transfer; and (ii) the commission shall require that taxes, workers' compensation and other obligations due the state be paid prior to any transfer;

(11) To collect, for the duration of a study period established in subdivision (4) of this subsection, an annual license fee of five hundred dollars for each river on which a commercial whitewater outfitter operates. The annual per river license fee is limited to the Cheat, Gauley, New, Shenandoah and Tygart rivers. The annual license fee for a commercial whitewater outfitter operating on a river not so designated is five hundred dollars regardless of the number of rivers operated on. A commercial whitewater outfitter who is operating on a river designated in this subdivision and who has paid the annual per river license fee may not be required to pay an additional annual license fee to operate on a nondesignated river. The commercial whitewater outfitter license shall be issued by the commission and is for a period of ten years: Provided, That an outfitter pays the required annual license fee. If an outfitter fails to pay the license fee, then the license shall be suspended until the license fee is paid. Licenses are subject to the bonding provisions set forth in section twenty-three-d of this article and the revocation provisions set forth in the rules promulgated by the director of the division of natural resources. License fees shall be used by the division of natural resources for the purpose of enforcing and administering the provisions of this section;

(12) To establish a special study and improvement fee to be paid by outfitters and to establish procedures for the collection and enforcement of the special study and improvement fee;

(13) To establish a procedure for hearings on violations of this section and rules promulgated thereunder and to establish civil penalties for violations of this section and rules promulgated thereunder; and

(14) To approve rules promulgated by the director of the division of natural resources pursuant to chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, with respect to commercial whitewater outfitters operating upon the waters of the state, whether or not such waters have been designated whitewater zones, which relate to: (i) Minimum safety requirements for equipment; (ii) standards for the size of rafts and number of persons which may be transported in any one raft; (iii) qualifications of commercial whitewater guides; and with respect to waters designated whitewater zones; (iv) standards for the number of rafts and number of persons transported in rafts.

(c) The commission shall meet upon the call of the chairperson or a majority of the members of the commission. However, the commission shall meet at least quarterly and shall conduct business when a majority of the members are present. At the meetings, the commission shall review all data, materials and relevant findings compiled relating to any investigation and study then under consideration and, as soon as practicable thereafter, the commission may recommend rules to govern and apply to the designated whitewater zone(s). The commission may meet at its discretion for the purpose of considering and adjusting allocations and review fees and proposed expenditures. A budget shall be approved for each fiscal year for the expenditure of funds subject to the commission's control. The commission may not limit the number of commercial whitewater outfitters operating on rivers not designated as whitewater zones, nor may the commission limit the number of rafts or total number of persons transported in rafts by commercial whitewater outfitters on rivers not designated as whitewater zones. Commission members shall be reimbursed all reasonable and necessary expenses incurred in the exercise of their duties.

(d) Special provisions for the New River and the Gauley River:

(1) After the issuance of the Gauley River rafting license provided for in subdivision (3), subsection (b) of this section, a moratorium shall be imposed by the commission upon the issuance of additional commercial rafting licenses on whitewater zones of the New River between the confluence of the Greenbrier and New rivers and the confluence of the New and Gauley rivers and upon whitewater zones of the Gauley River from the Summersville Dam to the confluence of the New and Gauley rivers. The moratorium hereby imposed shall continue until such time as the commission is authorized by the Legislature to discontinue the moratorium.

(2) For the portions of the Gauley and New rivers subject to the moratorium imposed by this section, the minimum use allocation conferred by a license is one hundred twenty for each designated section of a whitewater zone on the Gauley and one hundred fifty for each designated section of a whitewater zone on the New River. A licensee who held a use allocation on the second day of May, one thousand nine hundred ninety-two, with a use allocation greater than the minimum allocation established in this subdivision shall retain such use allocation on each designated section of a whitewater zone on the moratorium portions of the New and Gauley rivers subject only to the sale, loss or forfeiture of the license or to a subsequent action of the commission imposing a reduction in use allocations pursuant to subdivision (4) of this subsection. The commission is authorized to increase or decrease minimum use allocations for the moratorium sections of the New and Gauley rivers only in accordance with the provisions of subdivisions (4) and (5) of this subsection. The commission may permit additional allocations or licenses for whitewater outfitters which are nonprofit entities operating upon the waters of the state upon the effective date of this section. Except as provided in subdivision (4), subsection (d) of this section, nothing in this section shall be deemed to require the reduction of a use allocation granted under an existing license or to prohibit a commercial whitewater outfitter from acquiring a license with a use allocation in excess of the minimum allocations hereby established: Provided, That if a licensee has sold, leased or assigned his license, or sold or leased a portion of the use allocation under his license, nothing herein shall be deemed to have the effect of increasing the use allocation assigned to such license.

(3) The commission may permit peak-day variances from license limitations not exceeding ten percent of the use allocation granted under a license. The commission may permit off-peak-day variances from license limitations not exceeding twenty-five percent of the use allocation granted under a license.

(4) If, as result of a study employing the limits of acceptable change process, the whitewater commission acts to reduce the aggregate maximum daily use limit for all commercial rafting licenses on a section of the New River or Gauley River subject to the license moratorium, the reduction shall be distributed on a pro-rata basis among all licenses granted for the section in proportion to an individual license's relative share of the total use allocation for such river section.

(5) If the limits of acceptable change process results in an increase in the aggregate maximum daily use limit for all commercial rafting licenses on any section of the New River or Gauley River subject to a moratorium on new licenses, such increase shall be divided by the total number of commercial rafting licenses issued for the relevant section of river and the minimum use allocation for each such license shall be increased by the nearest whole number resulting from the division.

(6) If any party contracts to purchase a license containing a use allocation for a moratorium section of the New River or the Gauley River, or if a licensee has obtained, or in the future shall obtain additional use allocations for a moratorium section by lease or purchase from another licensee, the commission shall permit the transfer of such license rights in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (10), subsection (b) of this section. Unless the owners of a license otherwise agree, when two or more licensees share ownership or control of the use allocation assigned to a license, any increase or decrease in use allocations which results from an action of the commission under subdivisions (4) and (5) of this subsection shall be distributed by the commission between such owners in proportion to their ownership or control of the use allocation assigned to such license.

(e) In the event the commission determines through an appropriate study and the limits of acceptable change process that a whitewater zone or a designated section of a whitewater zone on waters other than the moratorium sections of the New and Gauley rivers requires implementation of use allocations, all whitewater rafting licenses issued for such zone or section thereof shall be given the same use allocation.

(f) Violation of this section or any rule promulgated pursuant to this section constitutes a misdemeanor punishable by the penalties set forth in section twenty-three-d of this article.

(g) The director of the division of natural resources shall promulgate, pursuant to the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, all rules necessary to effectuate the purposes of this section and these rules must be approved by the commission. The division of natural resources shall enforce the provisions of this section and rules promulgated pursuant to this section, and shall provide necessary staff and support services to the commission to effectuate the purposes of this section.

(h) All orders, determinations, rules, permits, grants, contracts, certificates, licenses, waivers, bonds, authorizations and privileges which have been issued, made, granted or allowed to become effective pursuant to any prior enactments of this section by the governor, the secretary of the department of commerce, labor and environmental resources, the director of the division of natural resources, the whitewater advisory board or by a court of competent jurisdiction, and which are in effect on the effective date of this section, shall continue in effect according to their terms until modified, terminated, superseded, set aside or revoked by the governor, secretary, director or commission pursuant to this section, by a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.


WVC 20 - 2 - 23 B §20-2-23b. Whitewater study and improvement fund.

There is hereby created in the state treasury a special revenue account, which shall be an appropriated, interest-bearing account, designated as the whitewater study and improvement fund. All proceeds from this fund shall be used exclusively for the purposes of the administration, regulation, promotion and study of the whitewater industry.

The special study and assessment fee collected by the commission pursuant to the provisions of section twenty-three-a of this article shall be deposited, within fifteen days after receipt, to the whitewater study and improvement fund and dedicated to the purposes of this section.


WVC 20 - 2 - 23 C §20-2-23c. Voluntary contributions to whitewater advertising and promotion fund.

There is hereby created in the state treasury a special revenue account, which shall be an appropriated, interest-bearing account designated as the "whitewater advertising and promotion fund". Each whitewater license holder may contribute any sum desired to this fund, which fund shall be used for the purpose of advertising and promoting whitewater in West Virginia.


WVC 20 - 2 - 23 D §20-2-23d. Bond; revocation of license; licensing carrying requirement; criminal penalties.

(a) Immediately upon the issuance of a whitewater outfitter's license and before any whitewater outfitter's services are offered or rendered thereunder, the licensee shall execute a surety bond in the penal sum of one thousand dollars payable to the state of West Virginia and conditioned upon the faithful and reliable discharge of his or her services under and pursuant to the license. The bond shall be approved as to form by the attorney general and as to surety by the director, and when so executed and approved, shall be filed in the office of the director of the division of natural resources. The bond shall be for the life of the license.

(b) The whitewater commission is hereby authorized to revoke and cancel any whitewater outfitter's license for failure of the licensee to give the bond required by this section, for a licensee's violation or disregard of any of the provisions of this chapter, upon a licensee's conviction of a crime, or for any other reason or cause justifying refusal of the whitewater outfitter's license to the licensee upon a new application therefor. The commission shall afford a licensee an opportunity to be heard upon the revocation and cancellation of the license.

(c) No person shall act or serve as a whitewater outfitter, as defined in this article, without procuring and having on his or her person at the time a valid whitewater outfitter's license from the commission authorizing them to do so.

(d) Any person who violates any of the provisions of this section or of section twenty-three-a of this article, or any rule promulgated by the director of the division of natural resources or who misrepresents any material fact in an application, record, report or other document filed or required to be maintained under the provisions of this article, or any rules promulgated hereunder by the director of the division of natural resources, is guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five hundred dollars per violation not to exceed a total penalty of seventy-five hundred dollars or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months, or both fined and imprisoned.


WVC 20 - 2 - 23 E §20-2-23e. Implementation of allocation methodology.
Other provisions of this article notwithstanding, the implementation of an allocation methodology for the nonmoratorium whitewater zones of the New, Gauley, Cheat, Shenandoah and Tygart rivers, shall be made based upon criteria identified in existing or future studies of carrying capacity, the overall economic impact on the state and the safety of the general public as identified in section twenty-three-a of this article, and shall be implemented at such time as the commission deems appropriate, by rules promulgated pursuant to chapter twenty-nine-a of this code. In determining whether to increase or decrease existing use allocations on the portions of the New and Gauley rivers subjected to a moratorium on new licenses by this article, the commission may continue existing studies and undertake new studies of the carrying capacity of whitewater zones, the quality of the rafting experience, the economic impact of rafting and the safety of the general public.


WVC 20 - 2 - 23 F §20-2-23f.
Repealed.

Acts, 2010 Reg. Sess., Ch. 32.
WVC 20 - 2 - 24 §20-2-24. Outfitters and guides -- Qualifications.

Each outfitter and guide licensed under the provisions hereof shall be a financially responsible citizen of the United States of America. He shall possess and inventory proper and adequate materials and equipment to provide for hunters, fishermen and others the services and conveniences he advertises. All such materials and equipment shall be safe and free of infection and conditions inimical to the health and well-being of hunters, fishermen, their traveling, camping and lodging companions.

The director shall cause all outfitter and guide applicants to be investigated and shall make a determination of their qualifications prior to the issuance or refusal of licenses thereto.


WVC 20 - 2 - 25 §20-2-25. Same -- License applications; national forest requirements.
Each applicant for an outfitter or guide license shall file with the director a verified application setting forth the applicant's name, his address, the property possessed and to be used in the proposed outfitter and guide services, the area within which he proposes to serve, his citizenship, his age and such other data and information as may be prescribed and required by the director on the application forms to be furnished by the department. Each such application, when filed by the applicant, shall be approved and signed by three resident real property owners of the county in which such applicant resides.

Before any outfitter or guide license shall be issued for serving hunters, fishermen or others in any national forest areas within this state, the applicant shall obtain from the supervisor of such national forest area a designation of the camp site or other site from which the outfitter or guide proposes to operate therein and shall likewise obtain from such supervisor any other authority or permit to so operate in such national forest area, together with copies of any rules and regulations of the forest incident to maintenance of camps, sanitary conditions, and prevention of forest fires and water pollution. The applicant shall satisfy the director that he has obtained such designation, permit, authority and rules and regulations, as may be required, as a prerequisite to the director's consideration of the applicant's license application.


WVC 20 - 2 - 26 §20-2-26. Same -- License fee; bond; revocation of license; penalties.
When satisfied as to the applicant's qualifications for an outfitter's or guide's license and upon receipt of a fee of ten dollars therefor, the director shall issue such license which shall be for the calendar year therein designated.

Immediately upon the issuance of an outfitter's or guide's license and before any outfitter's or guide's services are offered or rendered thereunder, the licensee shall execute a surety bond in the penal sum of one thousand dollars payable to the state of West Virginia and conditioned upon the faithful and reliable discharge of his services under and pursuant to such license. Such bond shall be approved as to form by the attorney general and as to surety by the director, and when so executed and approved, shall be filed in the office of the director. Such bond shall be for the life of the license.

The director is hereby authorized to revoke and cancel any such license for failure of the licensee to give the bond herein required, for licensee's violation or disregard of any of the provisions of this chapter, upon licensee's conviction of crime, or for any other reason or cause justifying refusal of the license to the licensee upon a new application therefor. The director shall afford a licensee an opportunity to be heard upon the revocation and cancellation of the license.

No person shall act or serve as a guide or outfitter, as defined in this article, without procuring and having on his person at the time a valid license from the director authorizing him so to do. Any person violating this provision shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, may be fined not exceeding one hundred dollars or confined in the county jail not exceeding ninety days, or, in the discretion of the court, be both fined and imprisoned within the limits herein prescribed.


WVC 20 - 2 - 27 §20-2-27. Necessity for license.
     Except as otherwise provided by law, no resident who has reached his or her fifteenth birthday and who has not reached his or her sixty-fifth birthday before January 1, 2012, and no nonresident shall at any time take, hunt, pursue, trap for, kill or chase any wild animals, wild birds, or fish for, take, kill or catch any fish, amphibians or aquatic life of any kind whatsoever in this state without first having secured a license or permit and then only during the respective open seasons, except that a nonresident who has not reached his or her fifteenth birthday may fish for, take, kill or catch any fish, amphibians or aquatic life of any kind whatsoever in this state without first having secured a license or permit. A person under the age of fifteen years shall not hunt or chase any wild animals or wild birds upon lands of another unless accompanied by a licensed adult.

     A resident or nonresident member of any club, organization or association or persons owning or leasing a game preserve or fish preserve, plant or pond in this state shall not hunt or fish therein without first securing a license or permit as required by law: Provided, That resident landowners or their resident children, or bona fide resident tenants of land, may, without a permit or license, hunt and fish on their own land during open seasons in accordance with laws and rules applying to such hunting and fishing unless the lands have been designated as a wildlife refuge or preserve.

     Licenses and permits shall be of the kinds and classes set forth in this article and shall be conditioned upon the payment of the fees established for the licenses and permits.
WVC 20 - 2 - 28 §20-2-28. When licenses or permits not required.
     Persons in the following categories are not required to obtain licenses or permits as indicated:

     (a) Bona fide resident landowners or their resident children, or resident parents, or bona fide resident tenants of the land may hunt, trap or fish on their own land during open season in accordance with the laws and rules applying to the hunting, trapping and fishing without obtaining a license, unless the lands have been designated as a wildlife refuge or preserve.

     (b) Any bona fide resident of this state who is totally blind may fish in this state without obtaining a fishing license. A written statement or certificate from a duly licensed physician of this state showing the resident to be totally blind shall serve in lieu of a fishing license and shall be carried on the person of the resident at all times while he or she is fishing in this state.

     (c) All residents of West Virginia on active duty in the armed forces of the United States of America, while on leave or furlough, may hunt, trap or fish in season in West Virginia without obtaining a license. Leave or furlough papers shall serve in lieu of any license and shall be carried on the person at all times while trapping, hunting or fishing.

     (d) In accordance with the provisions of section twenty-seven of this article, any resident sixty-five years of age or older before January 1, 2012, is not required to have a license to hunt, trap or fish during the legal seasons in West Virginia, but in lieu of the license the person shall at all times while hunting, trapping or fishing carry on his or her person a valid West Virginia driver's license or nondriver identification card issued by the Division of Motor Vehicles.

     (e) Residents of the State of Maryland who carry hunting or fishing licenses valid in that state may hunt or fish from the West Virginia banks of the Potomac River without obtaining licenses, but the hunting or fishing shall be confined to the fish and waterfowl of the river proper and not on its tributaries: Provided, That the State of Maryland shall first enter into a reciprocal agreement with the director extending a like privilege of hunting and fishing on the Potomac River from the Maryland banks of the river to licensed residents of West Virginia without requiring the residents to obtain Maryland hunting and fishing licenses.

     (f) Residents of the State of Ohio who carry hunting or fishing licenses valid in that state may hunt or fish on the Ohio River or from the West Virginia banks of the river without obtaining licenses, but the hunting or fishing shall be confined to fish and waterfowl of the river proper and to points on West Virginia tributaries and embayments identified by the director: Provided, That the State of Ohio shall first enter into a reciprocal agreement with the director extending a like privilege of hunting and fishing from the Ohio banks of the river to licensed residents of West Virginia without requiring the residents to obtain Ohio hunting and fishing licenses.

     (g) Any resident of West Virginia who was honorably discharged from the Armed Forces of the United States of America and who receives a veteran's pension based on total permanent service-connected disability as certified to by the Veterans Administration may hunt, trap or fish in this state without obtaining a license. The director shall propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code setting forth the procedure for the certification of the veteran, manner of applying for and receiving the certification and requirements as to identification while the veteran is hunting, trapping or fishing.

     (h) Any disabled veteran who is a resident of West Virginia and who, as certified to by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, is eligible to be exempt from the payment of any fee on account of registration of any motor vehicle owned by the disabled veteran as provided in section eight, article ten, chapter seventeen-a of this code shall be permitted to hunt, trap or fish in this state without obtaining a license. The director shall propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code setting forth the procedure for the certification of the disabled veteran, manner of applying for and receiving the certification and requirements as to identification while the disabled veteran is hunting, trapping or fishing.

     (i) Any resident or inpatient in any state mental health, health or benevolent institution or facility may fish in this state, under proper supervision of the institution involved, without obtaining a fishing license. A written statement or certificate signed by the superintendent of the mental health, health or benevolent institution or facility in which the resident or inpatient, as the case may be, is institutionalized shall serve in lieu of a fishing license and shall be carried on the person of the resident or inpatient at all times while he or she is fishing in this state.

     (j) Any resident who is developmentally disabled, as certified by a physician and the Director of the Division of Health, may fish in this state without obtaining a fishing license. As used in this section, "developmentally disabled" means a person with a severe, chronic disability which:

     (1) Is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or a combination of mental and physical impairments;

     (2) Is manifested before the person attains age twenty-two;      (3) Results in substantial functional limitations in three or more of the following areas of major life activity:

     (A) Self-care;

     (B) Receptive and expressive language;

     (C) Learning;

     (D) Mobility;

     (E) Self-direction;

     (F) Capacity for independent living; and

     (G) Economic self-sufficiency; and

     (4) Reflects the person's need for a combination and sequence of care, treatment or supportive services which are of lifelong or extended duration and are individually planned and coordinated.

     (k) A student eighteen years of age or younger receiving instruction in fly fishing in a public, private, parochial or Christian school in this state may fly fish in the state for catch and release only without obtaining a fishing license while under the supervision of an instructor authorized by the school.
WVC 20 - 2 - 29 §20-2-29. Conservation of species and request for public records.
(a) The director may exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act, article one, chapter twenty-nine-b of this code, any record concerning the site-specific location of an animal species protected under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, 7 U.S.C. §136, a plant protected under the Plant Variety Protection Act, 7 U.S.C. §2321:2583 and any plant or animal species native to West Virginia determined by the director to be sensitive and in need of conservation to maintain viability or existence.

(b) The director may not deny the release of records under subsection (a) of this section if requested:

(1) By the owner of the land upon which the resource is located;

(2) By an entity which can take the land through the right of eminent domain; or

(3) For scientific purposes which include, but are not limited to, conservation and education, by a person or entity that demonstrates to the director's satisfaction that the request for information is necessary, will not cause harm to the plant or animal species, and that the person or entity will use the information only for the limited purpose which is the basis for the request of information. The director retains the right to provide any such data in a form which in his or her opinion, is of sufficient resolution to satisfy that request and is not obligated to provide exact coordinate data.

(c) Persons or entities receiving records under this subsection may not release the information to the public or release the information to another entity for commercial purposes.


WVC 20 - 2 - 30 §20-2-30. Application and statement of eligibility for licenses; procuring license in violation of chapter.

(a) Each person who applies for any class of license must state to the issuing agent that he or she is eligible for and has satisfied all prerequisites required by this chapter for that class of license.

(b) It is unlawful for a person to make a false statement when applying for any license issued pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.


WVC 20 - 2 - 30 A §20-2-30a. Certificate of training; falsifying, altering, forging, counterfeiting or uttering training certificate; penalties.

     (a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this article, no base hunting license may be issued to any person who was born on or after January 1, 1975, unless the person submits to the person authorized to issue hunting licenses a certificate of training as provided in this section or proof of completion of any course which promotes as a major objective safety in the handling of firearms and of bow and arrows and which course is approved by the hunter education association or the director, or provides a State of West Virginia resident or nonresident hunting license from the previous hunting season that displays a certification of training, or attests that a hunter training course has been completed when purchasing a license or stamp online: Provided, That after January 1, 2013, a person may be issued a Class AH, Class AHJ, Class AAH and Class AAHJ apprentice hunting and trapping license pursuant to the provisions of section forty-two-y of this article and is exempt from the hunter training requirements set forth herein.

     (b) The director shall establish a course in the safe handling of firearms and of bows and arrows, such as the course approved by the Hunter Education Association. This course shall be given at least once per year in each county in this state and shall be taught by instructors certified by the director. In establishing and conducting this course, the director may cooperate with any reputable association or organization which promotes as a major objective safety in the handling of firearms and of bows and arrows: Provided, That any person holding a Class A-L or AB-L lifetime resident license obtained prior to his or her fifteenth birthday shall be required to obtain a certificate of training as provided in this section before hunting or trapping pursuant to said license. This course of instruction shall be offered without charge, except for materials or ammunition consumed. Upon satisfactory completion of the course, each person instructed in the course shall be issued a certificate of training for the purposes of complying with the requirements of subsection (a) of this section. The certificate shall be in the form prescribed by the director and shall be valid for hunting license application purposes.

     (c) (1) Upon satisfactory completion of this course, any person whose hunting license has been revoked for a violation of the provisions of this chapter may petition the director for a reduction of his or her revocation time. However, under no circumstances may the time be reduced to less than one year.

     (2) Successful completion of this course shall be required to consider the reinstatement of a hunting license of any person whose license has been revoked due to a conviction for negligent shooting of a human being or of livestock under the provisions of section fifty-seven of this article, and who petitions the director for an early reinstatement of his or her hunting privileges. Such a petitioner shall also comply with the other requirements for consideration of reinstatement contained in section thirty-eight of this article.

     (d) It is unlawful for any person to falsify, alter, forge, counterfeit or utter a certificate of training. Any person who violates the provisions of this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $1,000, or confined in jail for a period not to exceed one year, or both fined and imprisoned.

     (e) Nothing herein contained shall mandate that any county school district in the state be responsible for implementing hunter safety education programs.
WVC 20 - 2 - 31 §20-2-31. Size and form of license and tag; contents; unlawful to alter licenses or permits; penalty.
(a) The size, content and form of all licenses, tags, and permits shall be prescribed by the director. The information which a licensee is required to furnish shall be placed upon the license by the license issuing authority before delivery of such license to the licensee.

(b) It shall be unlawful for any person to alter, mutilate, or deface any license, tag, or permit, or the entries thereon, for the purpose of evading the provisions of this chapter.

Any person violating the provisions of this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than twenty dollars nor more than three hundred dollars; and upon a second and subsequent conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than twenty dollars nor more than three hundred dollars, or confined in the county or regional jail not less than ten nor more than one hundred days, or both.


WVC 20 - 2 - 32 §20-2-32. Issuance of licenses; duplicate licenses.

     (a) The clerk of the county commission in each county requesting designation and other persons, designated by the director pursuant to section thirty-three of this article, are license-issuing authorities authorized to issue a license to an applicant if the applicant is legally entitled to obtain the license and pays the proper fee.

     (b) Materials and supplies for the issuance of licenses shall be furnished by the director to each license-issuing authority as needed.

     (c) Each license shall bear a serial number and shall be signed by the licensee. The license-issuing authority shall keep an accurate record of licenses issued and fees collected as prescribed by the director.

     (d) Any license-issuing authority may issue a duplicate license to replace a lost, destroyed or damaged license upon receipt of a verified application executed by the original licensee and payment of a duplicate license fee of $1.
WVC 20 - 2 - 33 §20-2-33. Authority of Director to designate agents to issue licenses; bonds; fees.
(a) The Director may appoint, in addition to the clerk of the county commission, agents to issue licenses under the provisions of this article to serve the convenience of the public. Each person appointed shall, before issuing any license, file with the Director a bond payable to the State of West Virginia, in the amount to be fixed by the Director, conditioned upon the faithful performance of his or her obligation to issue licenses only in conformity with the provisions of this article and to account for all license fees received by him or her. The form of the bond shall be prescribed by the Attorney General. No person, other than those designated as issuing agents by the Director, may sell licenses or buy licenses for the purpose of resale.

(b) Except when a license is purchased from a state official, every person making application for a license shall pay, in addition to the license fee prescribed in this article, an additional fee of three dollars to any county official issuing the license and all fees collected by county officials must be paid by them into the general fund of the county treasury or, in the case of an agent issuing the license, an additional fee of three dollars as compensation: Provided, That only one issuing fee of three dollars may be collected by county officials or authorized agents, respectively, for issuing two or more licenses at the same time for use by the same person or for issuing combination resident statewide hunting, trapping and fishing licenses: Provided, however, That a person with a lifetime license or a person who has paid the original additional fee of three dollars to a county official or issuing agent for a license shall only be charged an additional fee of one dollar as additional compensation when subsequently purchasing an additional license from a county official or issuing agent: Provided further, That licenses may be issued electronically in a manner prescribed by the Director and persons purchasing electronically issued licenses may be assessed, in addition to the license fee prescribed in this article, an electronic issuance fee to be prescribed by the Director: And Provided further, That, notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, an electronic issuance fee of at least two dollars shall be assessed on each Go Wild transaction. The electronic issuance fee shall be dedicated to the administration and maintenance of Go Wild. The Director may propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code increasing the license issuing fees authorized by this section.

(c) In lieu of the license issuance fee prescribed in subsection (b) of this section, the Director shall propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code governing the application for and issuance of licenses by telephone and other electronic methods.

(d) The Director may propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code governing the management of issuing agents.


WVC 20 - 2 - 33 A §20-2-33a. Electronic application to apprise applicant of hunters helping the hungry program; check-off donations; special fund continued; authorized expenditures.

(a) (1) Every application for electronic license shall include a solicitation for a voluntary donation to the division's previously established hunters helping the hungry program.

(2) The license applicant will be offered an opportunity to designate a donation in any amount to the hunters helping the hungry program.

(b) There is hereby created a subaccount, designated the "hunters helping the hungry fund", within the special revenue account established in section thirty-four of this article, into which all donations derived under this section shall be deposited. Moneys in the subaccount shall be expended solely for the purposes set forth in subsection (c) of this section. Funds paid into the subaccount may also be derived from the following sources: (1) All interest or return on investment accruing to the subaccount; (2) Any gifts, grants, bequests, transfers, appropriations or other donations which may be received from any governmental entity or unit or any person, firm, foundation, or corporation; and (3) any appropriations by the Legislature which may be made for the purposes of this section. Any balance including accrued interest and other earnings at the end of any fiscal year shall not revert to the general fund but shall remain in the fund for the purposes set forth in this section.

(c) The moneys in the fund will be paid out, at the direction of the director, to eligible participants for the butchering of game carcasses and for the expenses related to the acquisition and distribution of food to the needy residents of West Virginia.

(d) For purposes of this section, "eligible participant" means a nonprofit organization that coordinates, with the division of natural resources and other entities, a statewide system for the distribution of meat products derived from the butchering of donated game carcasses by a person licensed under the provisions of article two-b, chapter nineteen of this code.


WVC 20 - 2 - 33 B §20-2-33b. Electronic application donation to fund the Coyote Management Program.
(a) (1) Effective the first day of January, two thousand six, every application for a hunting or fishing electronic license shall include a solicitation for a voluntary donation to the division's established Coyote Management Program.

(2) The license applicant will be offered an opportunity to designate a donation in the amount of two dollars for the Coyote Management Program.

(b) There is hereby created a special revenue account, designated the "Coyote Management Fund" into which all donations derived under this section shall be deposited. Moneys in this account shall be expended solely for the purposes set forth in subsection (c) of this section. Funds paid into this account may also be derived from the following sources: (1) All interest or return on investment accruing to this account; (2) Any gifts, grants, bequests, transfers, appropriations or other donations which may be received from any governmental entity or unit or any person, firm, foundation, or corporation; and (3) any appropriations by the Legislature which may be made for the purposes of this section. Any balance including accrued interest and other earnings at the end of any fiscal year shall not revert to the general fund but shall remain in the fund for the purposes set forth in this section.

(c) The moneys in the fund shall be paid out, at the sole discretion and direction of the director, to address coyote management issues.


WVC 20 - 2 - 34 §20-2-34. Disposition of license fees and donations; reports of agents; special funds and uses.
(a) All persons in this state who receive money for licenses and permits required by this chapter, or as donations for the hunters helping the hungry program, shall deposit the moneys into an account at a financial institution at intervals designated by the director with the approval of the state treasurer. The payment shall be accompanied by a sales report. The form and content of the sales report shall be prescribed by the director.

(b) Except where other provisions of this chapter specifically require direct payment of moneys into designated funds for specific uses and purposes, all license fees received by the director shall be promptly paid into the state treasury and credited to the division of natural resources "license fund--wildlife resources" which shall be used and paid out, upon order of the director, solely for law enforcement and for other purposes directly relating to the conservation, protection, propagation and distribution of wildlife in this state pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.

No funds from the "license fund--wildlife resources" may be expended for recreational facilities or activities that are used by or for the benefit of the general public, rather than purchasers of hunting and fishing licenses.

The director shall retain ten percent of the "license fund-wildlife resources" for capital improvements and land purchases benefitting state wildlife, forty percent shall be budgeted to the wildlife resources division, forty percent to law enforcement and ten percent apportioned by the director within provisions of this section. Any unexpended moneys for capital improvements and land purchases shall be carried forward.

All interest generated from game and fish license fees shall be used by the director for the division of natural resources in the same manner as is provided for the use of license fees.

(c) Moneys received as donations to the hunters helping the hungry program shall be deposited in the subaccount designated "hunters helping the hungry fund".


WVC 20 - 2 - 35 §20-2-35. Period during which license valid.
Licenses and permits provided by this chapter shall be valid through the last day of the calendar year for which they are issued unless otherwise provided by law.


WVC 20 - 2 - 36 §20-2-36. When license, related documents, and picture identification to be carried; using license of another; transferring license to another.
(a) A person who is required by this article to be licensed may not hunt, take, pursue, trap for, kill, catch or chase for sport any wild animal or wild bird; or fish for, take, kill or catch any fish or amphibians of any kind whatsoever in this state unless he or she shall have on his or her person: (1) A valid license issued to him or her, or other proof that a valid license has been issued to him or her in accordance with this article; (2) all applicable stamps, permits, and written consents required by this article; (3) a driver's license, passport, or picture identification issued to him or her by his or her state of residence; and (4) a certificate of training or other proof of hunter safety education as required by section thirty-a of this article.

As an alternative to the identification required by subsection (a)(3) of this section, the name, address and birthdate of a licensee under the age of fifteen years may be established by the averment of an accompanying licensed adult.

(b) It is unlawful for any person to use at any time any license other than those valid licenses legally issued to him or her in accordance with this article.

(c) Except as expressly provided by this article, it is unlawful for any person to transfer a license to any other person.


WVC 20 - 2 - 36 A §20-2-36a. Hunting or fishing when license revoked; penalty.

Any person whose license to hunt or fish has been revoked, who hunts or fishes during the period of revocation, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall for each offense be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, or be imprisoned in the county jail for not less than ten days nor more than one hundred days, or both fined and imprisoned.


WVC 20 - 2 - 37 §20-2-37. Display of license, etc., by persons in possession of hunting, fishing, etc., paraphernalia.
Any person having in his or her possession in or near the fields or woods, or about the streams of this state, any dog, gun, fishing rod or other hunting, fishing or trapping paraphernalia, shall, upon demand of any officer authorized to enforce the provisions of this chapter, state his or her correct name and address, and shall exhibit for inspection: (a) All applicable licenses and documents set forth in section thirty-six of this article; and (b) all firearms and wildlife which he or she may have in his or her possession.

Nothing in this section may be construed as authorizing searches that violate article three, section six of the West Virginia Constitution or the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, nor may anything in this section be construed as effecting a waiver of these constitutional provisions.


WVC 20 - 2 - 38 §20-2-38. Refusal or revocation of license or permit.
The director may, for cause, refuse a license or permit to any person or revoke a license or permit which had been granted.

In case the director desires to refuse a license to any person, he shall notify personnel authorized to issue licenses, in counties where it is expected such license may be sought, of the name and address of such person and such other information in relation thereto as he may desire to give, and such issuing authority shall not issue a license to such person thereafter, and shall report to the director any application made therefor. In case any issuing authority shall, after receiving such notice knowingly issue such license, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. The director may revoke any such license so wrongfully issued. The violation of any of the provisions of this chapter by any person holding a license shall be sufficient cause for the director to refuse or revoke a license.

All licenses and permits authorized by this chapter to be granted shall be deemed to have been granted by the director, and the power and authority to revoke such licenses is vested in the director. Upon the revocation of any license, the one to whom the same was issued shall, upon having knowledge of such revocation, forthwith deliver the license and tag so issued to him to the director, his agent, or the clerk of any county court. A clerk shall transmit the same to the director.

The hunting license of any person convicted under section fifty-seven, article two, chapter twenty of the code of West Virginia, one thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended, shall be revoked, and such person shall not be issued any other hunting license for a period of five years: Provided, That any person heretofore or hereafter convicted of any offense under section eleven, article seven, chapter sixty-one, or under section fifty-seven, article two, chapter twenty, other than a negligent shooting which has resulted in the killing of a human being, after the expiration of two years may petition the director for reinstatement of all hunting license privileges and if the director upon a hearing and full investigation finds that the applicant has paid and satisfied all claims against him, if any, and the circumstances at the time and the nature of the offense indicate that he is not likely again to commit a like or similar offense and that the public good does not require that the applicant's hunting privileges remain revoked or suspended, the director may enter an order restoring full hunting privileges to the applicant.


WVC 20 - 2 - 38 A §20-2-38a. Suspension of license or permit for failure to pay fines or penalties imposed by magistrate court.

The director shall suspend the license or permit of any person to whom a license or permit has been granted upon receiving notice from a magistrate court of this state, pursuant to subsection (b), section two-a, article three, chapter fifty of this code, that such person has defaulted on the payment of costs, fines, forfeitures or penalties which were imposed on the person by the magistrate court upon conviction of any hunting or fishing violation, after ninety days following such conviction.

Any reinstatement of a license or permit under this section shall be subject to a reinstatement fee, in an amount to be prescribed by the director of the department of natural resources, which fee shall be collected by the department of natural resources and deposited into the law-enforcement division account to be utilized by the law-enforcement division in administering the provisions of this section.


WVC 20 - 2 - 39 §20-2-39.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 40 §20-2-40.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 40 A §20-2-40a.
Repealed.

Acts, 2001 Reg. Sess., Ch. 216.
WVC 20 - 2 - 40 B §20-2-40b.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 41 §20-2-41.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 §20-2-42. Effective date and indexing of license and stamp fees.
The director may propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, changing any license or stamp fee set forth in this article or in article two-b. All increases in license and stamp fees in this article set forth in rule shall be computed in a manner that indexes the increases to the Consumer Price Index (All Items) published by the United States Department of Labor rounded down to the nearest dollar: Provided, That no fee increase resulting from increases in the Consumer Price Index (All Items) may be made after January 1, 2021.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 A §20-2-42a. Class A resident hunting and trapping license.
A Class A license is a resident hunting and trapping license and entitles the licensee to hunt and trap all legal species of wild animals and wild birds in all counties of the state, except that the licensee may not hunt deer during the deer archery and muzzle-loader seasons, or black bear, wild turkey or wild boar during the respective seasons, and except as prohibited by rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission and when additional licenses, stamps or permits are required. It shall be issued only to residents or aliens lawfully residing in the United States who have been domiciled residents of West Virginia for a period of thirty consecutive days or more immediately prior to the date of their application for a license. The fee for the license is eighteen dollars. This is a base license and does not require the purchase of a prerequisite license to participate in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 B §20-2-42b. Class B resident fishing license.
A Class B license is a resident fishing license and entitles the licensee to fish for all legal fish except trout and to take frogs in all counties of the state, except as prohibited by rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission and when additional licenses, stamps or permits are required. It shall be issued only to residents or aliens lawfully residing in the United States who have been domiciled residents of West Virginia for a period of thirty consecutive days or more immediately prior to the date of their application for a license. The fee for the license is eighteen dollars. To fish for trout, a Class B license holder must purchase and carry a valid Class O stamp or Class O-L license. This is a base license and does not require the purchase of a prerequisite license to participate in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 C §20-2-42c. Class C courtesy statewide hunting and fishing license.
A Class C license is a courtesy hunting and fishing license and entitles the licensee to hunt and fish in all counties of this state. It may be issued by the Director upon application made to him or her and without fee to:

(1) Members and agents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service;

(2) Members of State Commissions of other states extending similar courtesies;

(3) Diplomatic and consular representatives of foreign countries;

(4) Persons engaged in scientific wildlife research;

(5) Nonresident outdoor writers and other nonresidents engaged in promoting an interest in the Natural Resources of the State of West Virginia.

Not more than one hundred courtesy licenses shall be issued in one year. This is a base license and does not require the purchase of a prerequisite license to participate in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 D §20-2-42d. Class E nonresident hunting and trapping license.
A Class E license is a nonresident hunting and trapping license and entitles the licensee to hunt and trap all legal species of wild animals and wild birds in all counties of the state except as prohibited by rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission and except when other licenses, stamps or permits are required. The fee for the license is one hundred ten dollars. This is a base license and does not require the purchase of a prerequisite license to participate in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 E §20-2-42e. Class EE nonresident bear hunting license.
A Class EE license is a nonresident bear hunting license and entitles the licensee to hunt bear in all counties of the state, except as prohibited by rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission and except when additional licenses, stamps or permits are required. The fee for the license is one hundred fifty dollars. This is a base license and does not require the purchase of a prerequisite license to participate in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 F §20-2-42f. Class F nonresident fishing license.
A Class F license is a nonresident fishing license and entitles the licensee to fish for all legal fish except trout and to take frogs, in all counties of the state except as prohibited by rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission and except when additional licenses, stamps or permits are required. The fee for the license is thirty-five dollars. To fish for trout, a Class F license holder must purchase and carry a valid Class OO trout stamp. This is a base license and does not require the purchase of a prerequisite license to participate in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 G §20-2-42g. Class H nonresident small game hunting license.
A Class H license is a nonresident small game hunting license

and entitles the licensee to hunt small game in all counties of the state, except as prohibited by rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission and except when additional licenses, stamps or permits are required, for a period of six consecutive hunting days chosen by the licensee, excluding Sunday in counties closed to Sunday hunting. The fee for the license is twenty-five dollars. This is a base license and does not require the purchase of a prerequisite license to participate in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 H §20-2-42h. Class J nonresident small game shooting preserve license.
A Class J license is a nonresident small game shooting preserve license and entitles the licensee to hunt small game on designated shooting preserves, except as prohibited by rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission and except when additional licenses, stamps or permits are required, for a period of six consecutive hunting days chosen by the licensee, excluding Sunday in counties closed to Sunday hunting. The fee for the license is ten dollars. This is a base license and does not require the purchase of a prerequisite license to participate in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 I §20-2-42i. Class LL nonresident one-day fishing license.
A Class LL license is a nonresident fishing license and entitles the licensee to fish for all legal fish except trout and to take frogs in all counties of the state for the calendar date chosen by the buyer and which will be specified on the license, except as prohibited by rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission and except when additional licenses, stamps or permits are required. To fish for trout, a Class LL licensee must purchase and carry a valid Class OO trout stamp. The fee for the license is three dollars. This is a base license and does not require the purchase of a prerequisite license to participate in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 J §20-2-42j. Class X resident hunting, fishing and trapping license.
A Class X license is a resident hunting, fishing and trapping license and entitles the licensee to hunt and trap for all legal species of wild animals and wild birds, to fish for all legal species of fish except trout and to take frogs in all counties of the state, except as prohibited by the rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission and when additional licenses, stamps or permits are required. No additional fees shall be required of Class X licensees for a Class CS stamp. To fish for trout, a Class X licensee must purchase and carry a valid Class O stamp or Class O-L license. The Class X license shall be issued only to residents

or aliens lawfully residing in the United States who have been domiciled residents of West Virginia for a period of thirty consecutive days or more immediately prior to the date of their application for a license. The fee for the license is thirty-three dollars. The portion of the Class X license fee equal to the annual fee for the Class CS stamp shall be designated as conservation stamp revenue and expended pursuant to section nine, article two-b of this code. This is a base license and does not require the purchase of a prerequisite license to participate in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 K §20-2-42k. Class XJ resident junior and Class XXJ nonresident junior hunting, fishing and trapping license.
A Class XJ license is a resident junior hunting, fishing and trapping license and a Class XXJ license is a nonresident junior hunting, fishing and trapping license. These licenses entitle the licensee to hunt and trap for all legal species of wild animals and wild birds, to fish for all legal species of fish except trout and to take frogs in all counties of the state, except as prohibited by the rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission and when additional licenses, stamps and permits are required. No additional fees are required of Class XJ licensees for a Class CS stamp. No additional fees are required of Class XXJ licensees for Class I, UU, VV or WW stamps. To fish for trout, Class XJ or XXJ licensees must purchase and carry a valid Class O or OO stamp or O-L license. The Class XJ license may be issued only to a resident who has not reached his or her eighteenth birthday and is otherwise required by section twenty-seven of this article to purchase a license. The Class XXJ license may be issued to a nonresident who has not reached his or her eighteenth birthday and is at least eight years old and is otherwise required by section twenty-seven of this article to purchase a license. The fee for the Class XJ license is fifteen dollars. The portion of the Class XJ license fee equal to the annual fee for the Class CS stamp shall be designated as conservation stamp revenue and expended pursuant to section nine of article two-b. The fee for the Class XXJ license is fifteen dollars. In addition to buying a Class XXJ license, a nonresident must purchase a Class CS/LE stamp as required in section ten of article two-b. This is a base license and does not require the purchase of a prerequisite license to participate in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 L §20-2-42l. Class A-l small arms hunting stamp.
Notwithstanding the provisions of section two, article seven, chapter sixty-one of this code, a Class A-l stamp is a small arms hunting stamp. To be eligible to get a Class A-l stamp, a person must be legally able to possess a firearm. If a person is otherwise qualified, a Class A-l stamp may be issued to a person twenty-one years of age or older who holds a valid resident or nonresident hunting license, or to a person who is a resident sixty-five years of age or older, but a Class A-l stamp shall never be issued to a person who has been convicted of a misdemeanor associated with the use of firearms or dangerous weapons or who has been convicted of a felony. A Class A-l stamp entitles the licensee to hunt, as otherwise permitted by the provisions of this chapter, but only during small game and big game seasons as established annually by the Director, with either a revolver or pistol which has a barrel at least four inches in length. Unless otherwise permitted by the Code of West Virginia, a Class A-1 stamp entitles the licensee to carry or have in his or her possession only one revolver or pistol when going to and from his or her home or residence and a place of hunting and while hunting: Provided, That the Class A-l stamp may not be valid unless the licensee has in his or her possession a valid resident or nonresident hunting license or is a resident sixty-five years of age or older: Provided, however, That at all times, when not actually hunting, the revolver or pistol shall be unloaded. While hunting, the licensee shall carry the revolver or pistol in an unconcealed and easily visible place. The fee for the stamp is eight dollars. A lifetime Class A-1 stamp may be issued to anyone otherwise qualified and holding a valid Class A-L or AB-L license or to a resident sixty-five years of age or older. The lifetime Class A-1 stamp will be issued in a form prescribed by the Director. The fee for a lifetime Class A-I stamp is seventy-five dollars. All fees collected for the issuance of the Class A-l and lifetime Class A-l stamps shall be deposited in the State Treasury and credited to the law-enforcement section of the Division of Natural Resources. The fees collected shall be paid out of the State Treasury on order of the Director and used solely for law-enforcement purposes. Any person convicted of a misdemeanor associated with the use of firearms or dangerous weapons or convicted of a felony, or any person who becomes legally unable to possess a firearm shall immediately surrender the stamp to the Division of Natural Resources. A holder of a Class A-l or lifetime Class A-l stamp is required to purchase the appropriate base license before participating in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 M §20-2-42m. Class I nonresident national forest hunting, trapping and fishing stamp.
A Class I stamp is a nonresident national forest hunting, trapping and fishing stamp and entitles the licensee, when within

national forest land in West Virginia, to hunt legal species in season; to trap fur-bearing animals in season; and to fish in the waters therein. The stamp shall be issued only to a nonresident holding a Class E, EE, F, H or LL license. The fee for the stamp is two dollars. This stamp requires that the licensee purchase the appropriate base license before participating in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 N §20-2-42n. Class N resident and Class NN nonresident antlerless deer hunting stamp.
A Class N stamp is a resident deer hunting stamp for antlerless deer. A Class NN stamp is a nonresident deer hunting stamp for antlerless deer. These stamps entitle the licensee to hunt and take antlerless deer of either sex during the Class N season. The fee for a Class N stamp is ten dollars and the fee for a Class NN stamp is twenty-five dollars. Class N and NN stamps may be issued only for the purpose of removing antlerless deer when the Director determines it essential for proper management of the wildlife resources. The Director may promulgate rules governing the issuance and use of the Class N and NN stamps as deemed necessary to limit, on a fair and equitable basis, the number of persons who may hunt for antlerless deer in a county, or part of a county. When the Director determines it essential that a Class N or NN season be held in a particular county or part of a county, that season shall be set by the Natural Resources Commission as provided in section seventeen, article one of this chapter. Bona fide resident landowners or their resident children, or resident parents, bona fide resident tenants of such land and bona fide resident stockholders of resident corporations which are formed for the primary purpose of hunting or fishing and which are the fee simple owners of no less than one thousand acres of land upon which the antlerless deer may be hunted are not required to have a Class N stamp in their possession while hunting antlerless deer on their own land during the Class N season. A resident hunter, including those not required to purchase a license pursuant to section twenty-seven of this article, must purchase and carry a valid Class N stamp. A nonresident hunter must purchase and carry a valid Class NN stamp. These stamps require that the licensee purchase the appropriate base license before participating in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 O §20-2-42o. Class O resident and Class OO nonresident trout fishing stamp.

A Class O stamp is a resident trout fishing stamp. A Class OO stamp is a nonresident trout fishing stamp. These stamps entitle the licensee to fish for trout in all counties of the state, except as prohibited by rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission. The fee for a Class O stamp is ten dollars and the fee for a Class OO stamp is fifteen dollars. The revenue derived from the sale of these stamps shall be deposited in the State Treasury and credited to the Division of Natural Resources and shall be used and paid out, upon order of the Director, for state trout program expenses. These stamps, issued in a form prescribed by the Director, shall be in addition to a Class AB-L, B, B-L, F, LL, X, XJ or XXJ license or Class Q permit. These stamps require that the licensee purchase the appropriate base license before participating in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 P §20-2-42p. Class RG resident and Class RRG nonresident gun deer hunting stamp for an additional deer.
The Director has the authority to issue a Class RG resident and a Class RRG nonresident gun deer hunting stamp when deemed essential for the proper management of the wildlife resources. These stamps allow the licensee to hunt and take an additional deer as designated by the Director. The fee for a Class RG stamp is twenty dollars and the fee for a Class RRG stamp is forty dollars. The Director may promulgate rules in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code governing the issuance and use of these stamps. These stamps require that the licensee purchase the appropriate base license before participating in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 Q §20-2-42q. Class RB resident and Class RRB nonresident archery deer hunting stamp for an additional deer.
The Director has the authority to issue a Class RB resident and a Class RRB nonresident archery deer hunting stamp when deemed essential for the proper management of the wildlife resources. This stamp allows the licensee to hunt and take an additional deer as designated by the Director. The fee for a Class RB stamp is twenty dollars and the fee for a Class RRB stamp is thirty-five dollars. The Director may promulgate rules in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code governing the issuance and use of these stamps. These stamps require that the licensee purchase the appropriate base license before participating in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 R §20-2-42r. Class RM resident and Class RRM nonresident muzzle-loader deer hunting stamp for an additional deer.
The Director shall have the authority to issue a Class RM resident and a Class RRM nonresident muzzle-loader deer hunting stamp when deemed essential for the proper management of the wildlife resources. These stamps allow the licensee to hunt and take an additional deer as designated by the Director. The fee for a Class RM stamp is fifteen dollars and the fee for a Class RRM stamp is thirty-five dollars. The Director may promulgate rules in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code governing the issuance and use of these stamps. These stamps require that the licensee purchase the appropriate base license before participating in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 S §20-2-42s. Class UU nonresident archery deer hunting stamp.
A Class UU stamp is a nonresident archery deer hunting stamp and entitles the licensee to hunt and take deer with a bow during the archery deer season in all counties of the state, except as prohibited by the rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission. The fee for a Class UU stamp is thirty dollars. The stamp, issued in a form prescribed by the Director, shall be in addition to a Class E license. This stamp requires that the licensee purchase the appropriate base license before participating in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 T §20-2-42t. Class VV nonresident muzzle-loading deer hunting stamp.
A Class VV stamp is a nonresident muzzle-loading deer hunting stamp and entitles the licensee to hunt and take deer with a muzzle-loader during muzzle-loading deer seasons in all counties of

the state, or parts thereof, excluding Logan, McDowell, Mingo and Wyoming counties, as set by the Natural Resources Commission in accordance with section seventeen, article one of this chapter. The Director may promulgate rules in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code governing the issuance and use of this stamp. The stamp, issued in a form prescribed by the Director, shall be in addition to a Class E license. The fee for a Class VV stamp is thirty dollars. This stamp requires that the licensee purchase the appropriate base license before participating in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 U §20-2-42u. Class WW nonresident turkey hunting stamp.
A Class WW stamp is a nonresident turkey hunting stamp and entitles the licensee to hunt and take turkey during any turkey hunting season, except as prohibited by the rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission. The fee for a Class WW stamp is thirty dollars. The stamp, issued in a form prescribed by the Director, shall be in addition to a Class E license. This stamp requires that the licensee purchase the appropriate base license before participating in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 V §20-2-42v. Class BG resident big game stamp.
A Class BG stamp is a resident big game stamp and entitles the Class A licensee to hunt deer during the deer archery and muzzleloader seasons, and bear, wild turkey and wild boar during the respective seasons, except as prohibited by rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission: Provided, That the licensee possesses all other required permits and/or stamps. The fee for the stamp is ten dollars. The stamp, issued in a form prescribed by the director, shall be in addition to a Class A license. This stamp requires that the licensee purchase the appropriate base license before participating in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 W §20-2-42w. Class Y special crossbow hunting permit for certain disable persons.
(a) On or after the first day of January, two thousand six, a Class Y permit shall be a special statewide hunting permit and shall entitle the permittee to hunt all wildlife during established archery seasons. An application shall be furnished by the director and a Class Y permit allowing the holder to use a crossbow, during the archery hunting seasons, to applicants who meet the following requirements:

(1) He or she holds a Class Q permit;

(2) He or she has a permanent and substantial loss of function in one or both hands while failing to meet the minimum standards of the upper extremity pinch, grip and nine-hole peg tests administered under the direction of a licensed physician; or

(3) A permanent and substantial loss of function in one or both shoulders while failing to meet the standards of the standard shoulder strength test, administered under the direction of a licensed physician.

(b) The application form shall include a written statement or report prepared by a physician, prepared no more than six months preceding the application and verifying that the applicant is physically disabled as described in this section. As part of the application, the applicant shall authorize, by written release, an examination of all medical records regarding his or her qualifying disability. When completed, the permit form constitutes a Class Y permit. The Class Y permit and a completed license application shall be submitted to the Division, which will issue a wallet-sized card to the permittee. The card and all other documents and identification required to be carried by this article shall be in the permittee's possession when hunting.

(c) A Class Y permit must be accompanied by a valid statewide hunting license or the applicant must be exempt from hunting licenses as provided in this chapter.


WVC 20 - 2 - 42 X §20-2-42x. Class XS resident senior hunting, fishing and trapping license.
     (a) A Class XS license is a resident senior hunting, fishing and trapping license and entitles the licensee to hunt and trap for all legal species of wild animals and wild birds, to fish for all legal species of fish and to take frogs in all counties of the state, except as prohibited by the rules of the Director or Natural Resources Commission and when additional licenses, stamps or permits are required. No additional fees shall be required of Class XS licensees for a Class CS stamp or a Class O stamp.

     (b) A Class XS licensee shall be entitled to participate with the same privileges and subject to the same restrictions as a youth hunter in any special youth deer season established by the Natural Resources Commission pursuant to the provisions of subdivision (b)(7), section 17, article one of this chapter.

     (c) A Class XS license is required for residents or aliens lawfully residing in the United States who have been domiciled residents of West Virginia for a period of thirty consecutive days or more immediately prior to the date of their application for a license and who reach sixty-five years of age on or after January 1, 2012.

     (d) A Class XS license may be voluntarily purchased by residents or aliens lawfully residing in the United States and who have been domiciled residents of West Virginia for a period of thirty consecutive days or more immediately prior to the date of their application for a license and who reach sixty-five years of age on or before December 31, 2011, entitling those persons to the same privileges and subjecting them to the same restrictions as any Class XS licensee.

     (e) The fee for the Class XS license is $25.

     (f) A Class XS license is valid for the lifetime of the purchaser without payment of additional fees for the privileges associated with the Class X license, Class CS stamp and the Class O stamp. This is a base license and does not require the purchase of a prerequisite license to participate in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.

     (g) The Division of Natural Resources shall coordinate with the Department of Motor Vehicles to adopt and implement a program whereby the senior hunting license provided for in this section shall be identified by an appropriate decal, sticker or other marking to be affixed to the drivers' or chauffeurs' license of such person.

     (h) On or before July 1 annually, the Division of Natural Resources shall file an annual report with the joint committee on government and finance describing its implementation of the senior license program as set forth in this section. The report shall include the number of licenses issued, any increase in state funds as a result of the senior license created by this section, any federal funds received as a result of the implementation of the senior license created by this section and the intended use of those funds.
WVC 20 - 2 - 42 Y §2O-2-42y. Class AH, AHJ, AAH, AAHJ apprentice hunting and trapping licenses; penalties.

     (a) Except for persons otherwise exempted, Class AH, AHJ, AAH, and AAHJ licenses are apprentice hunting and trapping licenses and entitle the licensee to hunt and trap for all legal species of wild animals and wild birds. The licenses shall be base licenses and entitle the licensee to a deferral of the proof of a certificate of training required under the provisions of section thirty-a of this article.

     (b) The apprentice hunting and trapping licensee shall not hunt or trap unless he or she is in possession of a1l other required documentation and stamps and is accompanied and directly supervised by an adult eighteen years of age or older who either possesses a valid West Virginia hunting license or has the lawful privilege to hunt pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. For purposes of this section, "accompanied and directly supervised" means that a person maintains a close visual and verbal contact with, provides adequate direction to and can assume control of the firearm from the apprentice hunter.

     (c) The cost of the Class AH license for residents who have reached their eighteenth birthday shall be $19 and shall have the same privileges associated with Class A base license. The cost of the Class AAH license for nonresidents who have reached their eighteenth birthday shall be $119 and shall have the same privileges associated with a Class E base license. The cost of the Class AHJ license shall be $16 for residents who have reached their fifteenth birthday and who have not reached their eighteenth birthday, and shall have the same privileges associated with Class XJ base license. The cost of the Class AAHJ license shall be $16 for nonresidents who have not reached their eighteenth birthday and shall have the same privileges associated with a Class XXJ base license.

     (d) An apprentice hunting and trapping license is a yearly license and may only be purchased electronically in a manner designated by the director. No person who has ever had a valid base hunting license, other than a Class AH, Class AHJ, Class AAH, or Class AAHJ license, may be issued one of the apprentice hunting and trapping licenses. Further, no person may purchase more than three apprentice hunting and trapping licenses, and the purchases must occur within a period of five consecutive years.

     (e) The director may promulgate rules in accordance with chapter twenty-nine-a of this code regulating the issuance of apprentice hunting and trapping licenses.

     (f) Any person violating the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be subject to the punishment and penalties prescribed in section nine, article seven of this chapter.
WVC 20 - 2 - 43 §20-2-43.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 44 §20-2-44. Free fishing days.
The Director may designate up to two days each year as free sport fishing days. On a designated free fishing day, an individual is entitled to fish for all legal fish in all counties of the state without having a valid West Virginia fishing license and without the payment of any license fee, subject to the same privileges and restrictions applicable to a holder of any such license.


WVC 20 - 2 - 44 A §20-2-44a.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 44 B §20-2-44b. Bear damage stamp; proceeds to be paid into bear damage fund; purposes, etc.
To hunt bear in this state, a licensed hunter shall have, in addition to a Class A, A-L, AB-L, X or XJ, in the case of a resident, or a Class C or EE, in the case of a nonresident, a bear damage stamp issued by the Division of Natural Resources. The fee for the stamp is ten dollars. All proceeds from the sale of stamps shall be paid into the bear damage fund which shall be maintained by the Division of Natural Resources for paying claims of property owners for damages to real and personal property caused by acts of bear and to cover the expense of black bear research programs within the state. This stamp requires that the licensee purchase the appropriate base license before participating in the activities specified in this section, except as noted.


WVC 20 - 2 - 45 §20-2-45.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 46 §20-2-46.

Repealed.

Acts, 1983 Reg. Sess., Ch. 111.


WVC 20-2-46A §20-2-46a.
Repealed.

Acts, 1999 Reg. Sess., Ch. 51.


WVC 20 - 2 - 46 B §20-2-46b.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 46 C §20-2-46c.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 46 D §20-2-46d.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 46 E §20-2-46e. Class Q special hunting permit for disabled persons.
(a) A Class Q permit is a special statewide hunting permit entitling the permittee to hunt all legal species of game during the designated hunting seasons from a motor vehicle in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(b) A permit form shall be furnished by the director to an applicant who meets the following requirements:

(1) He or she is permanently disabled in the lower extremities; and

(2) He or she holds a valid resident or nonresident statewide hunting license, a senior citizens license or is otherwise exempt from the license requirement.

(c) A licensed physician must certify the applicant's permanent disability by completing the permit form. When completed, the permit form constitutes a Class Q permit. The Class Q permit and a completed license application shall be submitted to the division, which will issue a wallet sized card to the permittee. The card and all other documents and identification required to be carried by this article shall be in the permittee's possession when hunting.

(d) A Class Q permit entitles the holder to hunt from a motor vehicle and, notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (9), section five of this article, to possess a loaded firearm in a motor vehicle, but only under the following circumstances:

(1) The motor vehicle is stationary;

(2) The engine of the motor vehicle is not operating;

(3) The permittee and one individual, who is at least sixteen years of age, to assist the permittee are the only occupants of the vehicle;

(4) The individual assisting the permittee may not hunt with a firearm, bow or cross-bow while assisting the permittee;

(5) The vehicle is not parked on the right-of-way of any public road or highway; and

(6) The permittee observes all other pertinent laws and regulations.

(e) The director may propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code setting forth the qualifications of applicants and the permitting process.


WVC 20 - 2 - 46 F §20-2-46f. Class DT special hunting and fishing license for persons with a life-threatening condition.
(a) A Class DT license is a special statewide hunting and fishing license for residents of the State of West Virginia and nonresidents, as permitted in subsection (e) of this section, entitling the licensee to fish or hunt all legal species of game at no charge, in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(b) A license form shall be furnished by the director to an applicant who meets the following requirements:

(1) He or she has been diagnosed by a licensed physician with a life-threatening condition; and

(2) He or she is under twenty-one years of age.

(c) A licensed physician must certify the applicant's life-threatening condition by completing the license form. A "life-threatening condition" means a terminal condition or illness that according to current diagnosis has a high probability of death within two years, even with treatment with an existing generally accepted protocol. When completed, the license form constitutes a Class DT license. The Class DT license and a completed license application shall be submitted to the division, which will issue a wallet sized card to the licensee. The card and all other documents and identification required to be carried by this article shall be in the licensee's possession when hunting or fishing.

(d) A Class DT license entitles the holder to hunt and fish only under the following circumstances:

(1) The licensee is accompanied by a parent, guardian or, with written consent of the parent or guardian, any other competent adult at least twenty-one years of age;

(2) The individual assisting the licensee must hold a valid fishing or hunting license appropriate to the situation;

(3) The licensee and the individual assisting observe all other pertinent laws and regulations.

(e) The director shall provide licenses to nonresidents at no charge who:

(1) Meet the requirements of subsections (b) and (c) of this section; and

(2) Are recommended by qualifying nonprofit organizations who offer hunting and fishing experiences.

(f) The director shall propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code setting forth the qualifications of applicants and nonprofit organizations and the licensing process.


WVC 20 - 2 - 46 G §20-2-46g.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 46 H §20-2-46h.
Repealed.

Acts, 2002 Reg. Sess., Ch. 228.
WVC 20 - 2 - 46 I §20-2-46i.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 46 J §20-2-46j.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 46 K §20-2-46k.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 46 L §20-2-46l.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 46 M §20-2-46m.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 47 §20-2-47. License for private game farm for propagating animals and birds for commercial purposes.
The director may issue a license for the operation of a private game preserve for propagation of wild animals and wild birds for commercial purposes. The license shall authorize the holder to breed or raise animals and birds as specified by the license, to sell the same dead or alive, or to sell the eggs of birds in accordance with regulations prescribed by the director.

Application for a license under this section shall designate the property whereon the preserve is to be established. Before the license is issued, the director shall determine that the property is properly enclosed, that the provisions for housing and sanitation are proper and adequate, and that the safety of the public is protected.

The annual license fee shall be ten dollars.


WVC 20 - 2 - 48 §20-2-48. License for private plant or pond for propagating fish, frogs, turtles and other forms of aquatic life for commercial purposes.
The director may issue a license for the operation of a private plant, pond or business for the propagation, sale or purchase of fish, frogs, turtles and other forms of aquatic life for commercial purposes. The license shall authorize the holder to breed or raise fish, frogs, turtles and other forms of aquatic life as specified by the license and to buy and sell the same dead or alive or the eggs thereof in accordance with regulations prescribed by the director.

Application for a license under this section shall designate the size, character and location of the plant or pond. Before the license is issued, the director shall determine that the pond or plant will not interfere with the free passage of fish; that any water diverted to such plant or pond does not violate the riparian rights of other landowners and that such plant, pond or diversion will not interfere with the public stocking or propagation of fish frequenting such waters.

A licensee selling fish shall furnish the purchaser with a certificate or invoice of sale, bearing date of sale, the number of the license under which sold, the number of fish and number of pounds sold, and such other information which the director may require.

The certificate or invoice shall be shown by the holder on demand of any person authorized under the provisions of this chapter to enforce the provisions hereof.

The annual license fee shall be ten dollars.


WVC 20 - 2 - 49 §20-2-49. Licenses for dealers in furs, pelts, etc.
The director may issue licenses for buying or dealing in raw furs, pelts or skins of fur-bearing animals as follows:

(1) A resident county license, which shall apply only to the county or counties designated on the license and shall be issued only to persons who have been bona fide residents of this state for a period of at least six months prior to the date of application, and of a county in which the privilege is to be exercised. A license shall apply to the county for which issued and to such adjacent counties as are designated in the license. A fee of one dollar for each county shall accompany the application;

(2) A resident statewide license, which shall apply to all counties in the state and shall be issued only to persons who have been bona fide residents of this state for a period of at least six months prior to the date of application. A fee of ten dollars shall accompany the application;

(3) A nonresident statewide license, which shall apply to all counties in the state and shall be issued only to nonresidents. A fee of fifty dollars shall accompany the application; and

(4) An agent's permit which shall apply to a person employed by a licensee under subsections (1), (2) or (3) above, to buy or deal as an agent of the licensee other than at the place of business of the licensee. A fee of two dollars and fifty cents for each such agent shall accompany the application.


WVC 20 - 2 - 50 §20-2-50. Permit to hunt, kill, etc., wildlife for scientific or propagation purposes.
The director may issue a permit to a person to hunt, kill, take, capture or maintain in captivity wildlife exclusively for scientific purposes, but not for any commercial purposes. Any person desiring to collect or procure any wildlife, including any body tissue, organ or other portion thereof, eggs, nesting materials or other materials from the habitat of such wildlife shall be required to make application to the director for a scientific collecting permit. The director shall promulgate rules in accordance with the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code regarding the issuance of the permits. A permit may be issued only upon written application to the director setting forth at least:

(1) The number and kind of wildlife to be taken;

(2) The purpose and manner of taking;

(3) The name, residence, profession and educational or scientific affiliation of the person applying for the permit; and

(4) The geographic location where the collection or procurement is planned to take place.

A fee, to be set at the discretion of the director, shall accompany the application. No permit may be issued for the purpose of killing deer and bear.


WVC 20 - 2 - 50 A §20-2-50a. Wildlife damage control agents; licensing.
The director may issue a license to a person to act as a wildlife damage control agent. Unless otherwise prohibited by law, any person licensed as a wildlife damage control agent, acting pursuant to the license and subject to the rules promulgated by the director, is authorized to take and dispose of wildlife found by the wildlife damage control agent to be creating a nuisance in or around homes, businesses and other places where the presence of wildlife may be a nuisance. The director is authorized to impose and collect fees when issuing this license and the fees shall be deposited in the nongame wildlife fund. The director shall promulgate rules, pursuant to article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, governing the issuance and use of the license and setting fees.


WVC 20 - 2 - 51 §20-2-51. Permit for keeping pets.
The director may issue a permit to a person to keep and maintain in captivity as a pet, a wild animal or wild bird that has been acquired from a commercial dealer or during the legal open season. The fee therefor shall be two dollars.


WVC 20 - 2 - 52 §20-2-52. Permits for roadside menageries.
The director may issue a permit for the keeping and maintaining in captivity of wild animals, wild birds, amphibians or reptiles as a roadside menagerie. A permit shall not be issued unless:

(1) The animals, birds, amphibians or reptiles have been purchased from a licensed commercial dealer, either within or without the state, or have been taken legally; or

(2) The director is satisfied that provisions for housing and care of wildlife to be kept in captivity and for the protection of the public are proper and adequate.

A fee of twenty-five dollars shall accompany each application for such permit.


WVC 20 - 2 - 53 §20-2-53. License for privately owned commercial fishing preserve.
The director may issue a license for the operation of a private pond or privately owned pond or impoundment to be used as a commercial fishing preserve, provided such impoundments meet the requirements of section twenty-seven of this article: Provided, however, That only one license shall be required where more than one private pond or privately owned pond or impoundment is operated under one ownership and management and on one separate commercial fishing preserve. The licensee shall have the authority to establish the fishing seasons, size and creel limits for such licensed pond or impoundment. A person fishing in such lake shall not be required to possess the same statewide fishing license as would be required of him if he were fishing in any of the public waters of this state.

The annual fee for the commercial fishing preserve license shall be twenty-five dollars.


WVC 20-2-54 §20-2-54. License for privately-owned commercial shooting preserves.
(1) The director may issue a license for privately-owned commercial shooting preserves to any person who meets the following requirements:

(a) Each commercial shooting preserve shall contain a minimum of three hundred acres in one tract of leased or owned land (including water area, if any) and shall be restricted to no more than three thousand contiguous acres (including water area, if any), except that preserves confined to the releasing of ducks only shall be authorized to operate with a minimum of fifty contiguous acres (including water area); and

(b) The exterior boundaries of each commercial shooting preserve shall be clearly defined and posted with signs erected around the extremity at intervals of one hundred fifty yards or less.

(2) The director shall designate the game which may be hunted under this section on which a more liberal season may be allowed.

(3) The operating licenses or permits issued by the director shall entitle holders thereof, and their guests or customers, to recover not more than eighty percent of the total number of each species of game bird released on the premises each year, except mallard, black duck, ringnecked pheasant, chukar partridge and other nonnative game species upon which a one hundred percent recovery may be allowed.

(4) Except for the required compliance with the restriction on the maximum number of released birds that may be recovered from each preserve each year, as provided in subsections (3) and (8) of this section, shooting preserve operators may establish their own shooting limitations and restrictions on the age, sex and number of birds that may be taken by each person.

(5) In order to give a reasonable opportunity for a fair return on a sizeable investment, a liberal season shall be designated by the director during the nine-month period, beginning the first day of August and ending the thirtieth day of April.

(6) All harvested game shall be tagged with a numbered tag prior to being either consumed on the premises or removed therefrom, such tags to remain affixed until the game actually is delivered to the point of consumption.

(7) Each shooting preserve operator shall maintain a registration book listing all names, addresses and hunting license numbers of all shooters; the date on which they hunted; the amount of game and the species taken; and the tag numbers affixed to each carcass. An accurate record likewise must be maintained of the total number, by species, of game birds and ducks raised and/or purchased, and the date and number of all species released. These records shall be open to inspection by a delegated representative of the director at any reasonable time, and shall be the basis upon which the game recovery limits in subsection (3) of this section shall be determined.

(8) Any wild game found on commercial shooting preserves may be harvested in accordance with applicable game and hunting laws pertaining to open seasons, bag and possession limits, and so forth, as are established regularly by the director and the United States fish and wildlife service.

(9) State hunting licenses shall be required of all persons hunting or shooting on shooting preserves.

(10) The fee for such commercial shooting preserve license shall be fifty dollars per fiscal year for the first three hundred acres of the shooting preserve area, plus twenty-five dollars per fiscal year for each additional three hundred acres or part thereof.


WVC 20 - 2 - 55 §20-2-55. License to catch and sell minnows or other bait fish.
The director shall have the power and authority to issue a license to any person to catch and sell minnows or other bait fish upon written application therefor, signed by the applicant. The fee for such license shall be ten dollars. All licenses issued under this section shall expire on the first day of January following the date of issue. Any such license may be renewed from year to year upon paying to the director the sum of one dollar for each such renewal.


WVC 20 - 2 - 56 §20-2-56. Permit to hold a field trial, shoot-to-retrieve field trial, water race or wild hunt; license exemption.

The director may issue a permit to any person, group of persons, club or organization to hold or conduct a field trial, shoot-to-retrieve field trial, water race or wild hunt, hereinafter referred to as a trial, upon receipt of a written application setting forth: (1) The name of the person, group of persons, club or organization; (2) the type or kind of trial; (3) the place and county in which the trial is to be held; and (4) the period or date on which the trial is to be held. The fee for the permit shall be five dollars.

No person participating in a field trial, shoot-to-retrieve field trial, water race or wild hunt being held under a permit authorized by this section shall be required to possess a state hunting license.


WVC 20 - 2 - 56 A §20-2-56a. Bird dog training permit.
The director may issue a permit to train bird dogs on wild birds or game birds, provided:

(1) The fee for the permit is $10.

(2) The training shall be on private land containing a minimum of five acres in a single tract. The permittee must own the land, lease the land or have written permission of landowner for the training.

(3) The birds permitted to be used for the training of dogs are quail and pigeons. The quail must be purchased from a licensed commercial game farm. Pigeons may be purchased from a licensed commercial game farm or trapped within the state at any time as long as the person conducting the trapping is legally licensed to do so and also holds the appropriate permit. Each trap must be identified by a waterproof tag attached to the trap that bears the name, address and telephone number of the trapper.

(4) The permittee must retain the receipt for two years of all birds purchased from a commercial game farm licensee.

(5) The location where the birds are held and all records pertaining to the purchase and dates of training may be inspected by a natural resources police officer.

(6) No more than thirty birds may be held by the permittee at any given time. All birds must have a uniquely numbered leg band attached. The leg band must remain with the birds until consumption or until the birds are legally disposed.

(7) Birds held under this permit shall be housed and cared for in accordance with the requirements of applicable rules.

(8) The use of the birds held under this permit shall include the release, recapture and/or the shooting of the birds in conjunction with the training of bird dogs.

(9) The person holding birds in captivity under the authority of this permit and the person training his or her bird dog must possess a bird dog training permit.

(10) All other laws and rules governing hunting, trapping, shooting and training apply.

(11) The director may propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, to further restrict bird dog training.

(12) Any person violating any provision of this law is subject to the penalties prescribed in section nine, article seven, chapter twenty of this code.


WVC 20 - 2 - 57 §20-2-57. Negligent shooting, wounding or killing of livestock while hunting; criminal violations; penalty.
(a) It is unlawful for any person, while engaged in hunting, pursuing, taking or killing wild animals or wild birds, to carelessly or negligently shoot, wound or kill livestock, or to destroy or injure any other chattels or property.

Any person violating this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $1,000, or confined in jail not more than ninety days, or both fined and confined. Restitution of the value of the livestock, chattel or property injured, damaged or destroyed shall be required upon conviction.


WVC 20 - 2 - 57 A §20-2-57a. Negligent shooting, wounding or killing of another person while hunting; duty to render aid; criminal violations; suspension of hunting and fishing license; criminal penalties; administrative penalties.
(a) It is unlawful for any person, while engaged in the act of hunting, pursuing, taking or killing wild animals or wild birds, to carelessly or negligently shoot, wound or kill another person.

(b) Anyone who negligently shoots, wounds or injures another person while hunting, not resulting in serious bodily injury or death, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $1,000 or confined in jail not more than six months, or both fined and confined.

(c) Anyone who negligently shoots and injures another person while hunting, resulting in serious bodily injury or death, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $2,500 or confined in jail for not more than one year, or both fined and confined.

(d) For purposes of this section, serious bodily injury means bodily injury which creates a substantial risk of death, which causes serious or prolonged disfigurement, prolonged impairment of health or prolonged loss or impairment of the function of any bodily organ.

(e) (1) Any person who, while hunting, discharges a firearm or arrow and knows or has reason to know that the discharge has caused bodily harm to another person shall:

(A) Immediately investigate the extent of the person's injuries; and

(B) Render immediate reasonable assistance to the injured person.

(2) As used in this subsection, "reasonable assistance" means aid appropriate to the circumstances, including by not limited to obtaining or attempting to obtain assistance from a natural resources police officer, law-enforcement officer, 911 dispatchers, emergency medical providers and medical personnel.

(f) Any person who fails to render aid and assistance to an injured person as required by subsection (e), to an injured party who has not sustained a serious bodily injury is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $2,500 and confined in jail for not more than one year, or both fined and confined.

(g) Any person who fails to render aid as required by subsection (e) to an injured party who has sustained a serious bodily injury or dies as a result of their injuries is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned in a correctional facility for not less than one year nor more than five years, or both fined and imprisoned.

(h) Any person found guilty of committing a misdemeanor under this section shall have their hunting and fishing licenses suspended for a period of five years from the date of conviction or the date of release from confinement, whichever is later.

(i) Any person found guilty of committing a felony offense under this section shall have their hunting and fishing licenses suspended for a period of ten years from the date of conviction or the date of release from incarceration, whichever is later.


WVC 20 - 2 - 57 B §20-2-57b. Prohibition against hunting while intoxicated; offense of hunting while intoxicated, creating offense of shooting another person when hunting while intoxicated; creating misdemeanor and felony offenses for the same; defining suspension of hunting and fishing license; criminal penalties; administrative penalties.
(a) It is unlawful for any person to hunt, pursue, take or kill wild animals or wild birds while the person:

(1) Is under the influence of alcohol; or

(2) Is under the influence of any controlled substance; or

(3) Is under the influence of any other drug; or

(4) Is under the combined influence of alcohol and any controlled substance or any other drug; or

(5) Has an alcohol concentration in his or her blood of eight hundredths of one percent or more by weight.

(b) Any person violating subsection (a) of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $500, or confined in jail for not less than 30 days nor more than 100 days, or both fined and confined.

(c) It is unlawful for any person, while engaged in hunting, pursuing, taking or killing wild animals or wild birds, to carelessly or negligently shoot and wound another person while the shooter:

(1) Is under the influence of alcohol; or

(2) Is under the influence of any controlled substance; or

(3) Is under the influence of any other drug; or

(4) Is under the combined influence of alcohol and any controlled substance or any other drug; or

(5) Has an alcohol concentration in his or her blood of eight hundredths of one percent or more, by weight.

(d) Any person violating subsection (c) of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $1,500, or confined in jail for not less than two months nor more than one year, or both fined and confined.

(e) It is unlawful for any person, while engaged in hunting, pursuing, taking or killing wild animals or wild birds, to carelessly or negligently shoot and kill another person while the shooter:

(2) Is under the influence of alcohol; or

(3) Is under the influence of any controlled substance; or

(4) Is under the influence of any other drug; or

(5) Is under the combined influence of alcohol and any controlled substance or any other drug; or

(6) Has an alcohol concentration in his or her blood of eight hundredths of one percent or more, by weight.

(f) Any person violating subsection (e) of this section is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000, or imprisoned in a state correctional facility for not less than one year nor more than three years, or both fined and imprisoned.

(e) Any person found guilty of committing an offense under this section shall have their hunting and fishing licenses suspended for a period of five years from the date of conviction or the date of release from incarceration, whichever is later.

(f) Any person found guilty of committing a felony offense under this section shall have their hunting and fishing licenses suspended for a period of ten years from the date of conviction or the date of release from incarceration, whichever is later.

(g) Any person who shoots another person while intoxicated in violation of this section has the same duty and obligation to render aid to the injured person as is set forth in section fifty-seven-a of this article, and is subject to the additional penalties set forth therein as a separate and distinct violation, in the event that he or she fails to render aid to the injured person.


WVC 20 - 2 - 58 §20-2-58. Shooting across road or near building or crowd; penalty.

               (a) In addition to any other prohibitions which may exist by law, it shall be unlawful for any person to shoot or discharge any firearms:

               (1) Across or in any public road in this state, at any time;

               (2) Within five hundred feet of any school or church; or

               (3) Within five hundred feet of any dwelling house: Provided, That a person who is a resident of a dwelling house, and his or her authorized guest, may shoot or discharge a firearm in a lawful manner within five hundred feet of the dwelling house where the person lives, if the firearm is being discharged with the express or implied knowledge and consent of all residents of that dwelling house, and no other dwelling houses are located within five hundred feet of where the firearm is discharged; or

               (4) On or near any park or other place where persons gather for purposes of pleasure.

               (b) Any person violating this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than fifty dollars nor more than $500 or confined in jail for not more than one hundred days, or both fined and confined.

               (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, any person operating a gun repair shop, licensed to do business in the State of West Virginia and duly licensed under applicable federal statutes, may be exempted from the prohibition established by this section and section twelve, article seven, chapter sixty-one of this code for the purpose of test firing a firearm. The director of the Division of Natural Resources shall prescribe such rules as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of the exemption under this section and section twelve, article seven, chapter sixty-one and shall ensure that any person residing in any dwelling home within five hundred feet of such gun repair shop be given an opportunity to protest the granting of such exemption.
WVC 20 - 2 - 59 §20-2-59. License to take fish and mussels for commercial purposes in certain waters.
The director may issue a license to any resident of West Virginia or Ohio to take fish or mussels for commercial purposes from any portion or all of the main stem of the Ohio River bordering West Virginia. Said license shall be required of every person engaged at any time in taking fish or mussels for commercial purposes.

All nets, traps or other devices used to take fish or mussels according to the provisions of this section shall be plainly marked with a durable plate or tag bearing the name and address of the owner of said nets, traps or other devices and an accurate report of any fish or mussels caught therein shall be submitted to the director by the license holder. Species of fish which may be taken, seasons for taking, type of gear, catch limitations, and the frequency and content of said report and other necessary requirements shall be determined by the director in his rules and regulations.

The fee for such license shall be twenty-five dollars for West Virginia residents and one hundred dollars for Ohio residents and the license shall expire on the first day of January following the date of issue.


WVC 20 - 2 - 60 §20-2-60. Required attire for deer hunters; exemption; penalty.
Any person who hunts deer on public lands or the lands of another during the period designated for firearms hunting of deer shall wear a daylight fluorescent orange outer garment over at least four hundred square inches of his person: Provided, That persons engaged in agricultural occupations shall be exempt from the provisions of this section while hunting deer on their own property. Any person violating any provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than five dollars nor more than fifty dollars.


WVC 20 - 2 - 61 §20-2-61.

Repealed.

Reserved for future use.


WVC 20 - 2 - 62 §20-2-62. Persons exempt from obtaining hunting and fishing licenses; qualification.
Any person who has been a prisoner of war, was honorably discharged from the military forces and is a resident of this state may take, or catch by angling, fish of the kind lawfully permitted to be taken or caught and may hunt or trap wild birds or wild quadrupeds lawfully permitted to be hunted or trapped without procuring a fishing license, hunting license or trapping permit. The person, while taking or catching fish or hunting or trapping wild birds or wild quadrupeds for which he would otherwise be required to have a fishing license, hunting license or trapping permit, shall carry written evidence in the form of a record of separation, a letter from one of the military forces of the United States, or such other evidence as the director of the department of natural resources requires by rule that satisfies the eligibility criteria established by this section.

For purposes of this section, the term "prisoner of war" means any member of the armed forces of the United States, including the United States coast guard and national guard, who was held by any hostile force with which the United States was actually engaged in armed conflict during any period of the incarceration; or any person, military or civilian, assigned to duty on the U.S.S. Pueblo who was captured by the military forces of North Korea on the twenty-third of January, one thousand nine hundred sixty-eight, and thereafter held prisoner. Notwithstanding any provision in this section, a prisoner of war shall not include any person who, at any time, voluntarily, knowingly and without duress, gave aid to or collaborated with or in any manner served any such hostile force.


WVC 20 - 2 - 63 §20-2-63.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 130.


WVC 20 - 2 - 64 §20-2-64. Regulating release of fish, water animal and other aquatic organisms; stocking permit.
(a) It is unlawful for any person to release any fish, water animal or other aquatic organism, alive or dead, or any part, nest or egg thereof into the waters of this state except as authorized by a stocking permit issued by the director: Provided, That nothing in this subsection shall be construed as restricting the release of fish, water animal or other aquatic organism into the waters of this state from which they were taken by lawful methods: Provided, however, That nothing in this subsection shall be construed as restricting the release of native or established species of fish in privately owned ponds.

(b) A stocking permit is not required for the stocking of trout in waters of the state provided that the trout originate from a source within the state or meet the disease free certification requirements for imported salmondiae set forth in section thirteen of this article.

(c) A stocking permit is not required for the stocking of black bass provided that the division of natural resources is notified prior to stocking and is provided a disease free certification.


WVC 20 - 2 A- ARTICLE 2A. VOLUNTARY WILDLIFE CHECK-OFF PROGRAM.


WVC 20 - 2 A- 1 §20-2A-1. Legislative intent.
It is in the public interest to preserve, protect and perpetuate all species of wildlife for the use and benefit of the citizens of West Virginia. The intent of this legislation is to provide additional funding for wildlife programs, to be primarily used to enhance nongame wildlife programs and for the management, preservation, protection and perpetuation of nongame species.

The financing of these programs will be derived from a voluntary check-off and contribution designation on state personal income tax return forms of a portion or all of a taxpayer's refund. The funding provided shall be supplemental to existing revenues.


WVC 20 - 2 A- 2 §20-2A-2. Voluntary check-off designation.
(a) Each West Virginia individual income tax return form shall contain a designation as follows:

West Virginia Voluntary Wildlife Check-Off Program.
Check ( ) if you wish to designate $1, $5, $10, or more of your tax refund for this program. If joint return, check ( ) if spouse wishes to designate $1, $5, $10, or more.

(b) Each individual taxpayer desiring to contribute to the voluntary wildlife program may designate by placing an "X" in the appropriate box on the state income tax return form. His contribution shall be credited to said program.


WVC 20 - 2 A- 3 §20-2A-3. Contributions credited to special fund.
The tax department shall determine by the first day of July of each year the total amount designated pursuant to this legislation and shall report such amount to the state treasurer who shall credit such amount to a special department of natural resources fund.


WVC 20 - 2 A- 4 §20-2A-4. Use of funds.
The funds shall be used for the purpose of enhancement and perpetuation of nongame wildlife programs in this state upon order of the director. The director shall on the fifteenth day of January each year furnish the Legislature with a report stating the amount of money that has been provided and how such moneys have been expended.


WVC 20 - 2 A- 5 §20-2A-5. Effective date.
This legislation shall take effect on the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred eighty-two and shall apply to tax return forms filed thereafter.


WVC 20 - 2 B- ARTICLE 2B. WILDLIFE ENDOWMENT FUND.


WVC 20 - 2 B- 1 §20-2B-1. Purpose.
Recognizing the inestimable importance to the state and its people of conserving the wildlife resources of West Virginia, and for the purpose of providing the opportunity for citizens and residents of the state to invest in the future of its wildlife resources, there is created the West Virginia wildlife endowment fund, the interest and principal of which shall be used only for the purpose of supporting wildlife conservation programs of the state in accordance with this section.


WVC 20-2B-2 §20-2B-2. Board created; composition.
The board of trustees of the wildlife endowment fund of the division of natural resources has full authority over the administration of the wildlife endowment fund. The chairman of the board is the director of the division of natural resources and the members are the executive secretary of the division, the division fiscal officer, the chief of the wildlife resources section, the chief of the law-enforcement section and six citizen members, to be appointed by the governor. To the extent possible, the governor shall appoint the citizen members to ensure an equal geographic representation throughout the state and their terms shall be staggered from the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-nine. Existing citizen members shall retain their appointed positions for a period of two years from that date. Initial citizen appointments to the board shall be as follows: Two citizen members shall be appointed for a term of three years; two citizen members shall be appointed for a term of four years; and subsequent citizen member appointments to the board shall be for a term of four years. No more than three citizen members may be members of one political party. The actual expenses of the citizen members incurred in the performance of their duties under this section are payable from funds of the division. The state treasurer is the custodian of the wildlife endowment fund and shall invest its assets in accordance with the provisions of article six, chapter twelve of this code.


WVC 20-2B-2A §20-2B-2a. Ohio river management fund advisory board created; composition; responsibilities.
There is created an advisory board to the board of trustees of the wildlife endowment fund, designated the Ohio river management fund advisory board, which shall be composed of the director of the division of natural resources, the chief of the wildlife resources section of the division and three citizen members to be appointed by the governor. One citizen member shall be a resident of Hancock, Brooke, Ohio or Marshall county; one citizen member shall be a resident of Wetzel, Tyler, Pleasants or Wood county; and one citizen member shall be a resident of Jackson, Mason, Cabell or Wayne county. The actual expenses of the citizen members incurred in the performance of their duties under this section shall be payable from the funds of the division. The advisory board shall advise the wildlife endowment fund board with respect to the management and expenditure of funds from the Ohio river management fund account within the wildlife endowment fund.


WVC 20 - 2 B- 3 §20-2B-3. Source of fund assets.
The assets of the wildlife endowment fund shall be derived from the following:

(a) The proceeds from the sale of lifetime hunting and fishing licenses under the provisions of section seven of this article; and

(b) The proceeds of any gifts, grants, contributions or other moneys accruing to the state which are specifically designated for inclusion in the fund.


WVC 20 - 2 B- 4 §20-2B-4. Status of fund; expenditures from the fund.
The wildlife endowment fund is declared to constitute a special fund within the department, to be expendable only after legislative approval, with the following limitations and restrictions on expenditures from the funds:

(a) The income received and accruing from the investments of the wildlife endowment fund shall be spent only in furthering the conservation and management of wildlife resources in the state;

(b) The income received and accruing from the investments of the wildlife endowment fund shall be distributed among divisions within the department as prescribed by section six of this article;

(c) No expenditure or disbursement shall be made from the principal of the wildlife endowment fund except at such time as the income received and accruing from the investments of the wildlife endowment fund is expended or disbursed for purposes other than the conservation and management of wildlife resources;

(d) Any disbursement of the principal of the wildlife endowment fund shall be made in the same manner as that prescribed for investment income in section six of this article; and

(e) Any expenditure or disbursement from the wildlife endowment fund must result in benefits to the department of natural resources and must be spent only for the conservation and management of wildlife resources.


WVC 20 - 2 B- 5 §20-2B-5. Accumulation of investment income; how expenditures made; fund exclusive of other receipts and

appropriations; dissolution of department.
(a) The board of trustees of the wildlife endowment fund may accumulate investment income of the fund within the fund until the income, in the sole judgment of the trustees, can provide a significant supplement to the budget of the department of natural resources. After that time the trustees, in their sole discretion and authority, may direct expenditures from the income of the fund to further the conservation of wildlife resources.

(b) Expenditure of the income derived from the wildlife endowment fund shall be made through the state budget accounts of the department of natural resources. The wildlife endowment fund is subject to the oversight of the state auditor.

(c) The wildlife endowment fund and the income derived therefrom shall not take the place of any other receipts or appropriations accruing to the department of natural resources, or any part thereof, but any portion of the income of the wildlife endowment fund shall be used to supplement other income of and appropriations to the department of natural resources to the end that the department may improve and increase its services to the people of the state and the conservation of their wildlife resources.

(d) In the event of the future dissolution of the department of natural resources, such state agency as shall succeed to itsstatutory authority to conserve the wildlife resources of the state shall, ex officio, assume the trusteeship of the wildlife endowment fund and shall be bound by all the limitations and restrictions placed by this section on expenditures from the fund. No appeal or modification of this section shall alter the fundamental purposes to which the wildlife endowment fund may be applied. No future dissolution of the department of natural resources shall invalidate any lifetime license issued in accordance with section seven of this article.


WVC 20 - 2 B- 6 §20-2B-6. Expenditure of funds for specific and general purposes.
In accordance with the intent of sections thirty-four and forty-two-o, article two of this chapter and pursuant to sections three and four of this article, income accruing from the investments of the wildlife endowment fund shall be distributed in the following manner:

(1) Income accruing from the investment of moneys resulting from the sale of Class O-L licenses shall be distributed and disbursed in the same manner as revenues accruing from the sale of Class O licenses as provided in section forty-two-o, article two of this chapter.

(2) Income accruing from the investment of any portion of the principal of the wildlife endowment fund which, at the time of its deposit into the fund, is specifically designated for the activities of a particular section within the Division, shall accrue solely to that section within the Division; and

(3) All other income accruing from the investments of the wildlife endowment fund shall be distributed within the Division in the same manner as provided in section thirty-four, article two of this chapter.


WVC 20 - 2 B- 7 §20-2B-7. Lifetime hunting, fishing and trapping licenses created.
(a) Pursuant to section three of this article, the Director may issue the following lifetime hunting, fishing and trapping licenses and for the lifetime of the licensee, the lifetime licenses serve in lieu of the equivalent annual license: Lifetime resident statewide hunting and trapping license; lifetime resident combination statewide hunting, fishing and trapping license; lifetime statewide fishing license; and lifetime resident trout fishing license: Provided, That a full-time nonresident student who attends an in-state college or university is not eligible to purchase any of these lifetime licenses.

(b) The Director shall propose a rule for legislative approval in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, setting the fees for the lifetime licenses. The rule shall provide that the fee for any resident who has not reached his or her second birthday shall be one half of the adult fee set under the rule. The fees for lifetime licenses shall be twenty-three times the fee for the equivalent annual licenses or stamps.


WVC 20 - 2 B- 8 §20-2B-8. Privileges of lifetime licensees.
Pursuant to section seven of this article, lifetime licensees shall be entitled to the same privileges and subject to the same restrictions as licensees possessing the equivalent annual license with the following exceptions:

(1) Class A-L, AB-L, B-L and O-L licenses shall be valid for the lifetime of the licensee;

(2) A Class O-L lifetime resident trout fishing license shall be issued only to residents of the state and shall be valid only when accompanied by a Class AB-L, B, B-L, X or XJ license; and

(3) No additional fee shall be required of Class A-L, AB-L or B-L licensees for the conservation stamp required by section nine of this article. No additional fee shall be required of Class A-L or AB-L licensees for the Class BG stamp required by section forty-two-v, article two of this chapter.


WVC 20 - 2 B- 9 §20-2B-9. Class CS resident conservation stamp; purposes, etc.
A resident hunter, angler or trapper licensed to hunt, fish or trap in this state shall have, in addition to a Class A or B license, a Class CS conservation stamp. The fee for the stamp is five dollars.

The revenue derived from the sale of conservation stamps shall be deposited in the State Treasury and shall be credited to the Division of Natural Resources. The revenue shall be used and paid out, upon order of the Director, for capital improvements and land purchases or leases benefitting wildlife except that at the discretion of the Director, a maximum of twenty percent of the revenue may be used for the operation and maintenance of capital improvements and lands: Provided, That none of this revenue shall be expended for the purchase of wetlands, or for land to be flooded so as to create wetlands, to attract migratory waterfowl within sixty air miles of any established poultry industry: Provided, however, That no expenditures of the revenue derived from the sale of the conservation stamps shall be made for recreational facilities or activities that are used by or for the benefit of the general public rather than by or for purchasers of hunting, fishing or trapping licenses. Any unexpended moneys derived from the sale of conservation stamps shall be carried forward to the next fiscal year.


WVC 20 - 2 B- 10 §20-2B-10. Class CS/LE nonresident conservation law-enforcement and sports education stamp.
(a) Any nonresident hunter, angler or trapper licensed to hunt, fish or trap in this state, in addition to a Class E, EE, F, H, LL or XXJ license, shall have a Class CS/LE nonresident conservation, law-enforcement and sports education stamp. The fee for the stamp is twelve dollars.

(b) The revenue derived from the sale of Class CS/LE stamps shall be deposited in the State Treasury and shall be credited to the Division of Natural Resources. Fifty percent of the revenue shall be used and paid out, upon order of the Director, for the law-enforcement section's expenses relating to the general enforcement of state laws pertaining to the conservation of fish and wildlife and law-enforcement education programs for hunters, anglers and trappers: Provided, That no expenditures of the revenue derived from the sale of the Class CS/LE stamp shall be made for law-enforcement purposes not directly related to the wildlife resources of the state or for the educational programs set forth in this subsection. Fifty percent of the revenue shall be used and paid out for capital improvements and land purchases or leases benefitting wildlife except that at the discretion of the Director, a maximum of twenty percent of the revenue may be used for the operation and maintenance of the capital improvements and lands: Provided, however, That no expenditures of the revenue derived from the sale of the conservation stamps shall be made for recreational facilities that are used by or for the benefit of the general public rather than by or for purchasers of hunting, fishing or trapping licenses. Any unexpended moneys derived from the sale of Class CS/LE stamps shall be carried forward to the next fiscal year.


WVC 20 - 2 C- ARTICLE 2C. INTERSTATE WILDLIFE VIOLATOR COMPACT.
WVC 20 - 2 C- 1 §20-2C-1. Governor's authority to execute.
The governor of West Virginia, on behalf of this state, is hereby authorized to execute a compact in substantially the following form with any one or more of the states of the United States and the Legislature hereby signifies in advance its approval and ratification of such compact:

INTERSTATE WILDLIFE VIOLATOR COMPACT
ARTICLE I. FINDINGS AND DECLARATION OF POLICY AND PURPOSE.
(a) The participating states find that:

(1) Wildlife resources are managed in trust by the respective states for the benefit of all residents and visitors.

(2) The protection of the wildlife resources of a state is materially affected by the degree of compliance with state statues, rules, regulations and ordinances relating to the management of such resources.

(3) The preservation, protection, management and restoration of wildlife resources contributes immeasurably to the aesthetic, recreational and economic values of a state.

(4) Wildlife resources are valuable without regard to political boundaries; therefore, every person should be required to comply with wildlife preservation, protection, management and restoration statutes, rules, regulations and ordinances of the participating states as a condition precedent to the continuance or issuance of any license to hunt, trap, fish or otherwise possess wildlife.

(5) The violation of wildlife laws interferes with the management of wildlife resources and may endanger the safety of people and property.

(6) The mobility of many wildlife law violators necessitates the maintenance of channels of communication among the participating states.

(7) In most instances, a person who is cited for a wildlife violation in a state other than his home state is required to post collateral or a bond to secure appearance for trial at a later date, is taken into custody until the collateral or bond is posted or is taken directly to court for an immediate appearance.

(8) The purpose of the aforementioned enforcement practices is to ensure compliance with the terms of the wildlife citation by the cited person who, if permitted to continue on his way after receiving the citation, could return to his home state and disregard his duty under the terms of the citation.

(9) In most instances, a person receiving a wildlife citation in his home state is permitted to accept the citation from the officer at the scene of the violation and immediately continue on his way after agreeing or being instructed to comply with the terms of the citation.

(10) The aforementioned enforcement practices cause unnecessary inconvenience and, at times, a hardship for the person who is unable at the time to post collateral, furnish a bond, stand trial or pay a fine and thus is compelled to remain in custody until some alternative arrangement is made.

(11) The aforementioned enforcement practices consume an undue amount of law-enforcement time.

(b) It is the policy of the participating states to:

(1) Promote compliance with the statutes, rules, regulations and ordinances relating to the management of wildlife resources in their respective states.

(2) Recognize the suspension of wildlife license privileges of any person whose license privileges have been suspended by a participating state and treat such suspension as if it occurred in their state.

(3) Allow a violator, except as provided in subsection (b) of article III of this compact, to accept a wildlife citation and, without delay, proceed on his way regardless of his state of residence: Provided, That the violator's home state is party to this compact.

(4) Report to the appropriate participating state, as provided in the compact manual, any conviction recorded against any person whose home state was not the issuing state.

(5) Allow the home state to recognize and treat convictions recorded against its residents which occurred in a participating state as though they had occurred in the home state.

(6) Extend cooperation to its fullest extent among the participating states for enforcing compliance with the terms of a wildlife citation issued in one participating state to a resident of another participating state.

(7) Maximize the effective use of law-enforcement personnel and information.

(8) Assist court systems in the efficient disposition of wildlife violations.

(c) The purpose of this compact it to:

(1) Provide a means through which participating states may join in a reciprocal program to effectuate the policies enumerated in subsection (b) of article I of this compact in a uniform and orderly manner.

(2) Provide for the fair and impartial treatment of wildlife violators operating within participating states in recognition of the violator's right to due process and the sovereign status of a participating state.

ARTICLE II. DEFINITIONS.
Unless the context in which used clearly requires a different meaning, as used in this compact:

(a) "Citation" means any summons, complaint, summons and complaint, ticket, penalty assessment or other official document issued to a person by a wildlife officer or other peace officer for a wildlife violation which contains an order requiring the person to respond.

(b) "Collateral" means any cash or other security deposited to secure an appearance for trial in connection with the issuance by a wildlife officer or other peace officer of a citation for a wildlife violation.

(c) "Compliance" with respect to a citation means the act of answering a citation through an appearance in a court or tribunal or through the payment of fines, costs and surcharges, if any.

(d) "Conviction" means a conviction, including any court conviction, for any offense related to the preservation, protection, management or restoration of wildlife which is prohibited by state statute, rule, regulation or ordinance. The term "conviction" shall also include the forfeiture of any bail, bond or other security deposited to secure appearance by a person charged with having committed any such offense, the payment of a penalty assessment, a plea of nolo contendere or the imposition of a deferred or suspended sentence by the court.

(e) "Court" means a court of law, including magistrate's court.

(f) "Home state" means the state of primary residence of a person.

(g) "Issuing state" means the participating state which issues a wildlife citation to the violator.

(h) "License" means any license, permit or other public document which conveys to the person to whom it was issued the privilege of pursuing, possessing or taking any wildlife regulated by statute, rule, regulation or ordinance of a participating state.

(i) "Licensing authority" means the governmental agency within each participating state that is authorized by law to issue or approve licenses or permits to hunt, trap, fish or otherwise possess wildlife.

(j) "Participating state" means any state which enacts legislation to become a member of this wildlife compact.

(k) "Personal recognizance" means an agreement by a person made at the time of issuance of the wildlife citation that such person will comply with the terms of the citation.

(l) "State" means any state, territory or possession of the United States, including the District of Columbia and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

(m) "Suspension" means any revocation, denial or withdrawal of any or all license privileges, including the privilege to apply for, purchase or exercise the benefits conferred by any license.

(n) "Terms of the citation" means those conditions and options expressly stated upon the citation.

(o) "Wildlife" means all species of animals including, but not limited to, mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, amphibians, mollusks and crustaceans which are defined as "wildlife" and are protected or otherwise regulated by statute, rule, regulation or ordinance in a participating state. Species included in the definition of "wildlife" vary from state to state and determination of whether a species is "wildlife" for the purposes of this compact shall be based on the law in the issuing state.

(p) "Wildlife law" means any statute, rule, regulation or ordinance developed and enacted for the management of wildlife resources and the uses thereof.

(q) "Wildlife officer" means any individual authorized by a participating state to issue a citation for a wildlife violation.

(r) "Wildlife violation" means any cited violation of a statute, rule, regulation or ordinance developed and enacted for the management of wildlife resources and the uses thereof.

ARTICLE III. PROCEDURES FOR ISSUING STATE.
(a) When issuing a citation for a wildlife violation, a wildlife officer shall issue a citation to any person whose primary residence is in a participating state in the same manner as though the person were a resident of the issuing state and shall not require such person to post collateral to secure appearance, subject to the exceptions noted in subsection (b) of article III of this compact, if the officer receives the recognizance of such person that he will comply with the terms of the citation.

(b) Personal recognizance is acceptable if not prohibited by law in the issuing state or by the compact manual and if the violator provides adequate proof of identification to the wildlife officer.

(c) Upon conviction or failure of a person to comply with the terms of a wildlife citation, the appropriate official shall report the conviction or failure to comply to the licensing authority of the participating state in which the wildlife citation was issued. The report shall be made in accordance with procedures specified by the issuing state and shall contain information as specified in the compact manual as minimum requirements for effective processing by the home state.

(d) Upon receipt of the report of conviction or noncompliance pursuant to subsection (c) of article III of this compact, the licensing authority of the issuing state shall transmit to the licensing authority of the home state of the violator the information in form and content as prescribed in the compact manual.

ARTICLE IV. PROCEDURES FOR HOME STATE.
(a) Upon receipt of a report from the licensing authority of the issuing state reporting the failure of a violator to comply with the terms of a citation, the licensing authority of the home state shall notify the violator and shall initiate a suspension action in accordance with the home state's suspension procedures and shall suspend the violator's license privileges until satisfactory evidence of compliance with the terms of the wildlife citation has been furnished by the issuing state to the home state licensing authority. Due process safeguards shall be accorded.

(b) Upon receipt of a report of conviction from the licensing authority of the issuing state, the licensing authority of the home state shall enter such conviction in its records and shall treat such conviction as though it occurred in the home state for the purposes of the suspension of license privileges.

(c) The licensing authority of the home state shall maintain a record of actions taken and shall make reports to issuing states as provided in the compact manual.

ARTICLE V. RECIPROCAL RECOGNITION OF SUSPENSION.
(a) All participating states shall recognize the suspension of license privileges of any person by any participating state as though the violation resulting in the suspension had occurred in their state and could have been the basis for suspension of license privileges in their state.

(b) Each participating state shall communicate suspension information to other participating states in form and content as contained in the compact manual.

ARTICLE VI. APPLICABILITY OF OTHER LAWS.
Except as expressly required by the provisions of this compact, nothing herein shall be construed to affect the right of any participating state to apply any of its laws relating to license privileges to any person or circumstance or to invalidate or prevent any agreement or other cooperative arrangement between a participating state and a nonparticipating state concerning wildlife law enforcement.

ARTICLE VII. BOARD OF COMPACT ADMINISTRATORS.
(a) For the purpose of administering the provisions of this compact and to serve as a governing body for the resolution of all matters relating to the operation of this compact, a board of compact administrators is established. The board shall be composed of one representative from each of the participating states to be known as the compact administrator. The compact administrator shall be appointed by the head of the licensing authority of each participating state and shall serve and be subject to removal in accordance with the laws of the state he represents. A compact administrator may provide for the discharge of his duties and the performance of his functions as a board member by an alternate. An alternate shall not be entitled to serve unless written notification of his identity has been given to the board.

(b) Each member of the board of compact administrators shall be entitled to one vote. No action of the board shall be binding unless taken at a meeting at which a majority of the total number of the board's votes are cast in favor thereof. Action by the board shall be only at a meeting at which a majority of the participating states are represented.

(c) The board shall elect annually from its membership a chairman and vice-chairman.

(d) The board shall adopt bylaws not inconsistent with the provisions of this compact or the laws of a participating state for the conduct of its business and shall have the power to amend and rescind its bylaws.

(e) The board may accept for any of its purposes and functions under this compact any and all donations and grants of moneys, equipment, supplies, materials and services, conditional or otherwise, from any state and may receive, utilize and dispose of same.

(f) The board may contract with or accept services of personnel from any governmental or intergovernmental agency, individual, firm or corporation or from any private nonprofit organization or institution.

(g) The board shall formulate all necessary procedures and develop uniform forms and documents for administering the provisions of this compact. All procedures and forms adopted pursuant to board action shall be contained in the compact manual.

ARTICLE VIII. ENTRY INTO COMPACT AND WITHDRAWAL.
(a) This compact shall become effective at such time as it is adopted in a substantially similar form by two or more states.

(b) (1) Entry into the compact shall be made by resolution of ratification executed by the authorized officials of the applying state and submitted to the chairman of the board.

(2) The resolution shall substantially be in the form and content as provided in the compact manual and shall include the following:

(A) A citation of the authority from which the state is empowered to become a part to this compact;

(B) An agreement of compliance with the terms and provisions of this compact; and

(C) An agreement that compact entry is with all states participating in the compact and with all additional states legally becoming a party to the compact.

(3) The effective date of entry shall be specified by the applying state but shall not be less than sixty days after notice has been given by the chairman of the board of compact administrators or by the secretariat of the board of each participating state that the resolution from the applying state has been received.

(c) A participating state may withdraw from this compact by official written notice to each member state but withdrawal shall not become effective until ninety days after the notice of withdrawal is given. The notice shall be directed to the compact administrator of each member state. No withdrawal of any state shall affect the validity of this compact as to the remaining participating states.

ARTICLE IX. AMENDMENTS TO THE COMPACT.
(a) This compact may be amended from time to time. Each proposed amendment shall be presented in resolution form to the chairman of the board of compact administrators and shall be initiated by one or more participating states.

(b) Adoption of an amendment shall require endorsement by all participating states and shall become effective thirty days after the date of the last endorsement.

(c) Failure of a participating state to respond to the compact chairman within one hundred twenty days after receipt of a proposed amendment shall constitute endorsement thereof.

ARTICLE X. CONSTRUCTION AND SEVERABILITY.
This compact shall be liberally construed so as to effectuate the purposes stated herein. The provisions of this compact shall be severable and if any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this compact is declared to be contrary to the constitution of any participating state or of the United States, or the applicability thereof to any government, agency, individual or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this compact shall not be affected thereby. If this compact shall be held contrary to the constitution of any participating state, the compact shall remain in full force and effect as to the remaining states and in full force and effect as to the participating state affected as to all severable matters.


WVC 20 - 2 C- 2 §20-2C-2. When and how compact becomes operative.
When the governor shall have executed said compact on behalf of this state and shall have caused a verified copy thereof to be filed with the secretary of state and when said compact shall have been ratified by one or more other states, then said compact shall become operative and effective between this state and such other state or states. The governor is hereby authorized and directed to take such action as may be necessary to complete the exchange of official documents between this state and any other state ratifying said compact.


WVC 20 - 2 C- 3 §20-2C-3. Compensation and expenses of compact administrator.
The compact administrator representing this state, as provided for in article VII of the Interstate Wildlife Violator Compact, shall not be entitled to any additional compensation for his duties and responsibilities as said administrator but shall be entitled to reimbursement for reasonable expenses actually incurred in connection with his duties and responsibilities as said administrator in the same manner as for expenses incurred in connection with other duties and responsibilities of his office or employment.


WVC 20 - 3 - ARTICLE 3. FORESTS AND WILDLIFE AREAS.


WVC 20 - 3 - 1 §20-3-1.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 119.


WVC 20 - 3 - 2 PART I. FORESTS AND WILDLIFE AREAS.

§20-3-2. Acquisition of suitable lands by director; maintenance thereof as state forests or wildlife areas; relinquishment of construction and maintenance of roads to the commissioner of highways.
The director may with the consent of the governor purchase, in the name of the state, out of funds set aside for the purpose, or out of any unused funds in his hands, lands suitable for forest culture, state forests or wildlife refuges, public hunting areas, public fishing areas, public hunting and fishing areas, public access sites and other lands for the purposes set forth in this article. Such funds may also be used for the construction of dams for fish refuges on lands so acquired. Purchase may be made on terms requiring not less than one third of the purchase price to be paid at the time of the conveyance with the residue to be paid in not less than one or two years after date. The director may also receive the gift, in the name of the state, of such lands by deed or bequest. In all cases of transfer to the state, the fee simple title shall pass to the state, except minerals and mining rights to remove such minerals may be excepted or reserved.

The director shall protect, preserve and maintain lands so acquired as forest culture areas, state forests, wildlife areas, public hunting areas, public fishing areas, public hunting and fishing areas, public access sites and other such lands for the propagation and distribution of forest trees and for the protection, management, propagation and distribution of the fish, wild animals and birds thereon. He may prescribe and enforce rules and regulations consistent with the laws of the state to carry out that objective. The director may prescribe and enforce rules prohibiting all hunting and fishing, pursuing, catching, trapping, capturing and killing of fish, wild animals and birds upon such areas and lands for such length of time as he may deem proper.

The director may provide special regulations and open seasons for the taking of any wild birds, wild animals or fish upon such areas and lands in the manner provided in this chapter.

Except for the authority and responsibility to do the necessary cutting and planting of vegetation along road rights-of-way in state parks, state forests and public hunting and fishing areas, the director of the department of natural resources shall, upon the effective date of this section, relinquish to the commissioner of highways his authority over publicly owned roads in state parks, state forests and public hunting and fishing areas, and shall thereafter neither construct, reconstruct nor maintain any road or vehicular bridge for public usage in such areas except as is specifically authorized by this chapter. This relinquishment shall not be construed to alter the responsibilities assigned to the director of the department of natural resources in section eleven, article four, chapter twenty of the code of West Virginia.


WVC 20 - 3 - 3 §20-3-3. Establishment of wildlife areas; leasing lands therefor.
The director shall establish and maintain wildlife areas on lands purchased, leased or given for this purpose. Upon such state-owned or leased lands under its administration, or lands purchased from departmental funds for the establishment of wildlife areas, or upon lands purchased in cooperation with any agency of the federal government or leased therefrom or managed cooperatively therewith, the director shall regulate public hunting, chasing for sport, shooting, and limit the number of wildlife, which may be taken from such areas open to public shooting in any year. The director may establish special open seasons on any such lands, and may close any such areas, or parts thereof, to public shooting.

It shall be unlawful at any time to hunt, pursue or molest in any manner, any animals, birds or fowls on that section of any wildlife area designated as wildlife refuge, except that any legally constituted enforcement officer, or other person designated by the director, may hunt, pursue, catch and kill in any manner predatory animals and predatory birds thereon.

On the boundary of each state wildlife refuge, there shall be posted in conspicuous places, not more than one hundred and fifty yards apart, notices bearing the following words:"State wildlife refuge -- hunting is unlawful," and such other information or rules and regulations as the director may deem advisable. On the boundary line of any such wildlife area which has been established as a public shooting ground, the director shall have posted in conspicuous places, not more than one hundred and fifty yards apart, notices bearing the following words:"Public shooting grounds," together with information as to when hunting is legal on such tract.

The director shall also have the power to lease lands for this purpose for not less than ten-year periods, the rental price thereof not to be more than the amount of the annual property taxes on such land, and in no event to exceed ten cents per acre per annum.

The director may, with the consent of the owner, set apart any tract of land in the state as a wildlife area. When such lands have been set apart, the director shall manage them in the same manner and for the same purpose as wildlife areas owned by the state. Such lands not owned by the state and now operated by the director as wildlife areas shall, at the expiration of the agreement, be reorganized as wildlife areas or be discontinued.


WVC 20-3-4 §20-3-4. Authority and duties of director of the division of forestry and others as to forest fires; expenditures for forest fire control; limited liability of certain persons fighting forest fires.
Upon receiving notice of any fire which is injuring or endangering forest land within the state, the director of the division of forestry or his or her duly authorized representatives shall employ all necessary means to confine, extinguish or suppress the fire. For these purposes, any temporary or permanent employee of the division of forestry or any other agency of the state and any volunteer shall, under the general supervision of the director of the division of forestry, have the right and authority to enter upon public or private lands, to destroy fences thereon, to plow such lands, and in case of extreme emergency, to set backfires thereon. No person performing or reasonably attempting to perform any of the activities authorized by the preceding sentence under the general supervision of the director of the division of forestry, whether as a temporary or permanent employee of the division of forestry or any other agency of the state or as a volunteer, shall be liable in damages for the death of or injury to any person or for damage to any property as a result of his or her performance of such activities to an extent greater than the applicable limits of any liability insurance coverage available to such person under any liability insurance policy or policies issued to the division of forestry, any other agency of the state involved in suppressing the forest fire, any volunteer fire department of which such person was a member and which volunteer fire department was responding to the forest fire at the time of the incident alleged to have caused such death, personal injury or property damage, or any combination thereof. The limitation of liability established by the preceding sentence shall not apply if the death, personal injury or property damage alleged was caused by such person's willful or criminal misconduct, gross negligence or reckless misconduct, or by a conscious, flagrant indifference to the rights or safety of any person harmed by such conduct. The director of the division of forestry and any duly authorized representative may employ persons to detect fires which may injure or endanger forest land and may likewise summon or employ persons to assist in extinguishing such fires, who shall be paid for the actual time so employed, at a rate per hour to be determined by the director of the division of forestry: Provided, That the rate per hour shall not exceed the rate per hour paid for any comparable labor or skills by the division of forestry. Any person so summoned who shall fail or refuse to assist in extinguishing any such fire shall, unless such failure or refusal to assist is due to physical inability, be guilty of a misdemeanor.

Expenditures for detecting, confining, extinguishing or suppressing fires described in this section shall be charged against the state. The director of the division of forestry or his or her representative shall prepare, as soon as practicable, a sworn statement with the names of all persons who were summoned or employed to assist in fighting such fires, the time so spent by each, as well as the names of persons who furnished equipment, subsistence or supplies, or transportation therefor, and the amount of money due each for such services, subsistence, supplies or transportation. Requisitions shall be issued and payment of the sums due shall be made in the same manner as is provided for the making of other expenditures by the director of the division of forestry.


WVC 20 - 3 - 5 §20-3-5. Forest fire seasons; prohibited and permissible fires; burning permits and fees; fire control measures; criminal and civil penalties..
               (a) Forest fire seasons. -- March 1 through May 31, and October 1 through December 31 are designated as forest fire seasons. During any fire season, a person may set on fire or cause to be set on fire any forest land, or any grass, grain, stubble, slash, debris, or other inflammable materials only between five o'clock p.m. and seven o'clock a.m., at which time the fire must be extinguished.

               (b) Permissible fires during forest fire seasons. -- The following attended fires are permitted without a burning permit unless there is a burning ban in effect:

               (1) Small fires set for the purpose of food preparation, or providing light or warmth around which all grass, brush, stubble, or other debris has been removed for a distance of ten feet from the fire; and

               (2) Burning conducted at any time when the ground surrounding the burning site is covered by one inch or more of snow.

               (c) Burning permits.-- The director or his or her designee may issue burning permits authorizing fires during forest fire seasons that are otherwise prohibited by this section. The permits shall state the requisite conditions and time frame to prevent danger from the fire to life or property.

               (1) Permit fees.-- Entities required to pay a permit fee are those engaged in commercial, manufacturing, public utility, mining and like activities. Agricultural activities are exempt from paying the permit fee. The permit fee is $125 per site and shall be deposited into the Division of Forestry Fund (3081) to be used to administer the provisions of this section. The permit fee covers the fire season during which it is issued.

               (2) Noncompliance with any condition of the permit is a violation of this section. Any permit which was obtained through willful misrepresentation is invalid and violates this section.

               (3) Permit holders shall take all necessary and adequate precautions to confine and control fires authorized by the permit. Failure to take action is a violation of this section and is justification for the director to revoke the permit.

               (d) Fire control. --

               (1) With approval of the Governor, the director may prohibit the starting of and require the extinguishment of fire in any designated area, including fires permitted by this section. .

               (2) With approval of the Governor, the director may designate any forest area as a danger area, prohibit entry, and declare conditional uses and prohibited areas of the forest by proclamation at any time of the year. The proclamation shall be furnished to newspapers, radio stations and television stations that serve the designated area and shall become effective after twenty-four hours. The proclamation remains in effect until the director, with the approval of the Governor, terminates it. The order shall designate the time of termination, and notice of the order shall be furnished to each newspaper, radio station and television station that received a copy of the proclamation.

               (3) Burning is not permitted by this section until all inflammable material has been removed from around the material to be burned and a safety strip of at least ten feet is established to ensure that the fire will not escape.

               (e) Criminal and civil penalties. -- A person or entity that violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be fined not less than $100 and not more than $1,000 for each violation. In addition to fines and costs, a person or entity convicted of a violation of this section shall pay a $200 civil penalty to the division within sixty days. The civil penalty shall be collected by the court in which the person is convicted and forwarded to the division and deposited in the Division of Forestry Fund (3081) to be used to administer the provisions of this section.
WVC 20 - 3 - 6 §20-3-6. Failure of person to extinguish fire started or used by him or her; throwing lighted material on forest land; enforcement by state fire marshal; penalties.
(a) Any person who, by himself or herself, or by his or her employees, agents or guides, or as an employee, agent or guide of any other person, shall at any time build or use any fire in any field, in any public or private road, or in any area adjacent to or in any forest land in this state, shall, before leaving the fire for any period of time, totally extinguish the same.

(b) A person shall not at any time throw or place any lighted match, cigar, cigarette, firecracker or lighted material on any forest land, private road, public highway or railroad right-of-way within this state.

(c) In addition to any other law-enforcement agencies that have jurisdiction over criminal violations, the state fire marshal shall enforce this section as provided in section twelve, article three, chapter twenty-nine of this code.

(d) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be subject to one or more of the following penalties: (1) Fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than two thousand dollars; (2) confined in the county or regional jail not less than ten days nor more than two hundred days; or (3) sentenced to perform community service by cleaning up litter from any public highway, road, street, alley or any other public park or public property or waters of the state, as designated by the court, for not less than thirty-two hours nor more than sixty-four hours.


WVC 20 - 3 - 7 §20-3-7. Starting fire on lands of another; penalties.

Any person who willfully sets or causes to be set on fire any forest land, grass, grain, stubble, brush, slash, debris, or any other inflammable substance upon the property of another without his consent, or in a place from which it is reasonable to expect that the fire may spread to the property of another without his consent, and as a result of either causes damage or destruction to any natural resources in or on the other person's property, shall be guilty of a felony, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than five hundred dollars nor more than five thousand dollars, or be imprisoned for not less than one year nor more than five years, or both, in the discretion of the court.


WVC 20 - 3 - 8 §20-3-8. Duty of railroad company to protect against fires.
Every railroad company or other company operating a steam, diesel or other type of locomotive shall clear, for a slope distance of twenty-five feet from the outside rail, or to the limits of the right-of-way if less than twenty-five feet, hazardous areas as designated by the state forester or his duly authorized representative, at least once a year, all grass, brush, and other inflammable materials. Any such company that fails to remove said materials from such road or right-of-way shall be assessed by the department of natural resources five hundred dollars for each mile of road or right-of-way which is not maintained in accordance with this section. Any revenue derived from this section shall be deposited in the state treasury and credited to the department of natural resources and shall be used and paid out, upon order of the director, for forest fire prevention activities within the department of natural resources.

Each such company shall employ sufficient personnel to promptly put out fires on such road or right-of-way at times when such land is in a dry and dangerous fire condition. Each such company shall provide internal combustion engines of motive power other than steam used in road service, if not equipped with exhaust driven centrifugal turbocharger, shall have installed integral with the exhaust gas system, a spark- arresting device of a type certified according to the recommended practices of the association of American railroads and approved by the director so as to give the best practical protection against the escape of fire and sparks from the exhausts thereof.

No such company, or any employee thereof, shall deposit, cast, or discharge fire coals, or ashes or any other material capable of igniting fires on that part of its road or right-of-way which passes through forest land, or lands subject to fire from any cause, unless the fire therein is immediately extinguished. No such company, or employee thereof, shall place a lighted fusee along such roads or rights-of-way in such a manner as will cause the same to ignite inflammable substances which may cause fire to spread to forest land. In case of any uncontrolled or unguarded fire on such part of its road or right-of-way, the company shall use all practicable means to extinguish it even when the fire spreads to the property of another. Engineers, conductors, trainmen, or other persons who, while working for such companies, discover or know of any fire on, along or near such part of the road or right-of-way of their employer, shall report the same as soon as possible to the state forester or his duly authorized representative. Unless otherwise provided for by law, any such company, or any officer or employee thereof, violating any provision of this section, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.


WVC 20 - 3 - 9 §20-3-9. Right of railroad company to clear land adjacent to right-of-way.
For the purpose of providing increased protection to forest land from fire originating along railroads, any company which operates a railroad shall have the right, subject to the provisions of this section, without liability for trespass, to enter upon forest land for a distance of one hundred feet from its road or right-of-way and to clear from such a strip any inflammable material such as leaves, grass, dead trees, slash and brush, but shall not remove any valuable timber growth or other thing of value without consent of and recompense to the owner. Not less than fifteen days prior to clearing such lands, the railroad company shall give the owner thereof notice of its intention, together with a transcript of this section, by letter deposited in the United States mail to his last known address. If the owner shall not file an objection to such clearing with the director within ten days of the date of said notice, he shall be deemed to have given consent. Upon the filing by an owner of such objection showing cause why such clearing should not be done, the director shall review the case and may sustain the objection of the owner or permit the clearing in whole or in part.


WVC 20-3-10 §20-3-10. Spark arresters for sawmills, etc.; risk and hazard reduction to protect against fires; underground coal fires.
No person, firm or corporation shall use or operate on land subject to fire by any cause, a sawmill, a power shovel, or an engine or machine capable of throwing sparks, unless the equipment is provided with an approved spark arrester. Escape of fire from such equipment shall be prima facie evidence that such appliance was not maintained properly in compliance with this section.

Any person, firm or corporation owning any land and knowing of inflammable waste disposal on said land, and any person, firm or corporation using any land for the purpose of inflammable waste disposal, shall remove annually all grass, brush, debris and other inflammable material adjacent to such disposal areas to provide adequate protection to prevent the escape of fire to adjacent lands. Escape of fire from any such disposal area shall be prima facie evidence that this section had not been complied with.

Any person, firm or corporation owning or leasing any mineral interests and knowing of underground coal being on fire under that land shall between the first of November and the thirty-first of December of each year clear away all inflammable material within forty feet of any mine break or other opening through which the fire could escape to the surface. Any person, firm or corporation owning any underground mineral interests shall use all practical means to confine, extinguish or suppress any such fire in such underground minerals.

Any person, firm or corporation violating any provision of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.


WVC 20 - 3 - 11 §20-3-11. Recovery of costs incurred in fighting fires; landowners responsibility to extinguish fires.
The Director of the Division of Forestry shall, in the name of the state, recover from the person or persons, firms or corporations whose negligence or whose violation of any provision of this article caused any fire at any time on grass or forest land, the amount expended by the state for the personal services of persons especially employed under the provisions of section four of this article to control, confine, extinguish or suppress such fire, and the costs associated therewith, including payment for the personal services rendered by full-time State Division of Forestry employees, operating costs of state equipment used and costs related thereto in controlling, confining, extinguishing or suppressing such fire. Such recovery shall not bar an action for damages by any other person.

Any such fire which was caused by a trespasser or by a person who was upon the property without the consent of the owner shall not be deemed caused by the negligence of the owner; but the owner shall use all practical means to confine, extinguish or suppress any such fire on his land even though it was caused by any such person. If he fails to do so, after becoming aware of such fire, the Director of the Division of Forestry shall, in the name of the state, recover from him amounts expended by the state for the personal services of persons especially employed under the provisions of section four of this article to control, confine, extinguish or suppress such fire and the costs associated therewith, including payment for the personal services rendered by full-time State Division of Forestry employees, operating costs of state equipment used and costs related thereto in controlling, confining, extinguishing or suppressing such fire.

Any time that a landowner, his or her agent or employee is aware of a fire on the landowner's property, the landowner shall use all practical means to confine, extinguish or suppress the fire.


WVC 20 - 3 - 12 §20-3-12. Timberland and forest land defined.
For the purpose of this chapter, any land shall be considered timberland or forest land which has enough timber standing or down to constitute, in the judgment of the department, a fire menace to itself or adjoining lands: Provided, That nothing in this section contained shall be construed to include lands under cultivation or in grass, unless a fire thereon would imperil such lands or adjoining lands.


WVC 20 - 3 - 13 §20-3-13. Director authorized to secure federal cooperation; annual appropriation.
The director may do all things required to meet the conditions and requirements of the federal government in securing federal cooperation under the provisions of the Weeks Law and the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978, and any other law amendatory thereof or supplemental thereto, for the purpose of the prevention and control of forest fires and the advancement of forestry practices.


WVC 20 - 3 - 14 §20-3-14. Financial assistance from owners of forest lands; expenditures by director.
The director may cooperate with the owners of forest lands and receive financial assistance from them for forestry purposes and do any and all things necessary therefor, including the establishment and maintenance of patrol and lookout stations: Provided, That the director shall expend for forestry purposes, and for no other purpose, such moneys as shall be appropriated therefor by the state, and such moneys as may be recovered from persons giving origin to grass or forest fires, and such moneys as may be received from the federal government by appropriation under the Weeks Law, the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 and any reference to the Clarke-McNary Law or otherwise.


WVC 20 - 3 - 15 §20-3-15. Owner not relieved from civil liability for damage from fire.
Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to relieve the owner, lessee or user of any land from civil liability for damage resulting from any fire for which their agents or employees may be responsible.


WVC 20 - 3 - 16 §20-3-16. Prima facie evidence of negligence in certain actions for injury due to fires.
In all criminal and civil actions for any injury occasioned by fire communicated by burning or clearing land, the fact that such fire was so communicated shall be prima facie evidence of negligence on the part of the person or agent or employee or any other person who shall at the time of such injury by fire be in the use and occupation of the land on which the burning was done and of those who shall at such time have care and management of such burning.


WVC 20 - 3 - 17 §20-3-17. Disposition of proceeds of national forests.
Receipts from any national forest, paid to the state or its proper officers pursuant to directions of acts of Congress, are to be allocated by the auditor to each county which has acreage located in such national forest, in the proportion which the acreage in the county bears to the total acreage of the national forest in this state. Interest or other earnings accrued upon investment of the receipts pending allocation thereof shall be allocated to the recipients of the allocations in proportion to each recipient's allocation of the receipts. Eighty percent of the funds so allocated to any county are to be paid to the board of education of the county to be expended by the board for the benefit of the public schools of the county. Twenty percent of the funds so allocated to any county are to be paid to the state road commission to be expended for feeder and state local service road purposes in that county.

Notwithstanding any contrary provisions of former law, any sheriff or county court of any county having charge or custody of any unexpended national forest proceeds, received under allocations made pursuant to former provisions of law, shall pay over eighty percent of the unexpended balance to the county board of education, and twenty percent thereof to the state road commission, for expenditure as provided herein.


WVC 20 - 3 - 17 A §20-3-17a. Same -- Counties embracing Spruce Knob-Seneca Rocks national recreation area.
Notwithstanding the provisions of section seventeen of this article, national forests receipts allocated by the auditor as provided in section seventeen of this article to any county in which is located any part of the Spruce Knob-Seneca Rocks national recreation area as established by Public Law 89-207, 89th Congress, are to be paid by the auditor to the county as follows: Sixty-three percent to the board of education of the county to be expended by the board for the benefit of the public schools of the county, and thirty-seven percent to the county commission of the county to be expended by the commission for general county purposes. Interest or other earnings accrued upon investment of the receipts pending allocation thereof shall be allocated to the recipients of the allocations in proportion to each recipient's allocation of the receipts.


WVC 20 - 3 - 18 §20-3-18. Disposition of flood control, navigation and allied funds from the federal government.
Receipts from the treasurer of the United States, paid to the state or its proper officers pursuant to direction of an act of Congress relating to disposition of funds received on account of the leasing of lands for flood control, navigation and allied purposes, are to be allocated by the state auditor to each county in accordance with the method of allocation specified by the federal government. Interest or other earnings accrued upon investment of the receipts pending allocation thereof shall be allocated to the recipients of the allocations in proportion to each recipient's allocation of the receipts. The state auditor shall transfer to the road commission fifty percent of the funds so allocated to each county for the purpose of maintenance of feeder and state local service roads in the area or areas of the county in which the flooded lands are located. Fifty percent of the funds so allocated to any county in which the lands are located are to be paid by the state auditor to the board of education of that county to be expended by the board for the benefit of the public schools of the county.


WVC 20 - 3 - 19 §20-3-19. Protection of forests against destructive insects and diseases; purposes and intent of section.
In order to protect and preserve forest resources of the state of West Virginia from ravages of bark beetles, defoliators, rusts, blights, wilts and other destructive forest pests and diseases, and thereby enhance the growth and maintenance of forests; promote the stability of forest-using industries and employment associated therewith; reduce the fire risk created by dying and dead trees injured or killed by insects or diseases; conserve forest cover on watersheds and protect recreational and other forest values, it shall be the policy of the state of West Virginia independently and through cooperation with adjoining states, the federal government, and private timber owners and other private organizations, to prevent, retard, control, suppress, or eradicate incipient, potential or emergency outbreaks of destructive insects and diseases on, or threatening, all forest land irrespective of ownership.

(a) Authority. -- The director is authorized either directly or in cooperation with other agencies, subject to such conditions as he may deem necessary and using such funds as have been, or may hereafter be made available for those purposes, to conduct surveys on any forest land to detect and appraise infestations of forest insect pests and tree diseases, to determine the measures which should be applied on such lands, in order to prevent, retard, control, suppress or eradicate incipient, threatening, potential or emergency outbreaks of such insects or disease pests, and to plan, organize, direct and carry out such measures as he may deem necessary to accomplish the objectives and provisions of this section: Provided, That actual control measures shall be conducted with the cooperation and consent of the quarantine and regulatory official of the department of agriculture.

(b) Establishing control zone; notice to landowners. -- Where an insect infestation or disease infection is believed to exist on a forest land within this state, the director shall investigate the condition. Whenever he finds that an infestation or infection exists, he shall request the quarantine officials of the state department of agriculture to declare the same a public nuisance. When same has been declared a public nuisance he shall establish a control zone of the forest land wherein the same is found, and shall give notice thereof by publication as a Class II legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be each county in which the area or areas are located in which the control zone is established. Such notice shall also be given by mail or otherwise to forest landowners within the control zone, advising them of the nature of the infestation or infection, recommending control measures and offering technical advice on methods of carrying out the control measures.

(c) Institution of control measures. -- If, after notification by the director, any landowner fails, neglects, or is unable to carry out the control measures recommended by the director as set forth in subdivision (b), the director may, through his agents, institute and carry out such control measures.

(d) Appeals. -- Any person damaged or aggrieved by any action of any officer or employee of the department under the provisions of this section shall have the right to appeal from such action to the director and then to the circuit court of the county in which such person resides in which he owns forest land affected by such action. The court, after hearing the evidence in the case, may make such orders as may be appropriate to protect the interests of the appellant, adjacent forest landowners, or the state.

(e) Cooperation with individuals and public agencies. -- The director is authorized to cooperate with landowners and appropriate authorities of town, city, county, adjoining state and the United States government, and other agencies having jurisdiction of state lands, concerning forest tree insect and disease investigation and control, and to accept money, gifts and donations, and to disbursethe same for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this section.

(f) Annual appropriation; forest pest control fund. -- There is hereby created in the state treasury a special fund to be known as the forest pest control fund. Such fund shall consist of all moneys appropriated thereto by the Legislature and all moneys received and deposited with the state treasurer under the provisions of this section. All such funds are hereby appropriated to the department of natural resources to be used to carry out the purposes of this section.

(g) Definitions. -- As used in this section, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:

(1) "Forest trees" means only those trees which are a part of and constitute a stand of potential, immature, or mature commercial timber trees: Provided, That the term "forest trees" shall be deemed to include shade trees of any species around houses, along highways and within cities and towns if the same constitute an insect or disease menace to nearby timber trees or timber stands;

(2) "Forest land" means land on which forest trees occur;

(3) "Control zone" means an area of potential or actual infestation or infection, the boundaries of which are fixed and clearly described in a manner to definitely identify the zone;

(4) "Infestation" means infestation by means of any insect in any stage of growth which is determined to be dangerously injurious to forest trees; and

(5) "Infection" means infection by any disease affecting forest trees which is determined to be dangerously injurious thereto.


WVC 20 - 3 - 20 §20-3-20. Governor's authority to execute.
The governor of West Virginia, on behalf of this State, is hereby authorized to execute a compact in substantially the following form, with any one or more of the states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia, and the legislature hereby signifies in advance its approval and ratification of such compact:

Southeastern Interstate Forest Fire Protection Compact
Article I
The purpose of this compact is to promote effective prevention and control of forest fires in the southeastern region of the United States by the development of integrated forest fire plans, by the maintenance of adequate forest fire-fighting services by the member states, by providing for mutual aid in fighting forest fires among the compacting states of the region and with states which are party to other regional forest fire protection compacts or agreements, and for more adequate forest protection.

Article II
This compact shall become operative immediately as to those states ratifying it whenever any two or more of the state of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia, which are contiguous, have ratified it and Congress has given consent thereto. Any state not mentioned in this article which is contiguous with any member state may become a party to this compact subject to approval by the legislature of each of the member states.

Article III
In each state, the state forester or officer holding the equivalent position who is responsible for forest fire control shall act as compact administrator for that state and shall consult with like officials of the other member states, and shall implement cooperation between such states in forest fire prevention and control.

The compact administrators of the member states shall coordinate the services of the member states and provide administrative integration in carrying out the purposes of this compact.

There shall be established an advisory committee of legislators, forestry commission representatives, and forestry or forest products industries representatives, which shall meet from time to time with the compact administrators. Each member state shall name one member of the senate and one member of the house of delegates who shall be designated by that state's commission on interstate cooperation, or if said commission cannot constitutionally designate the said members, they shall be designated in accordance with laws of that state; and the governor of each member state shall appoint two representatives, one of whom shall be associated with forestry or forest products industries, to comprise the membership of the advisory committee. Action shall be taken by a majority of the compacting states and each state shall be entitled to one vote.

The compact administrators shall formulate and, in accordance with need, from time to time, revise a regional forest fire plan for the member states.

It shall be the duty of each member state to formulate and put into effect a forest fire plan for that state and take such measures as may be necessary to integrate such forest fire plan with the regional forest fire plan formulated by the compact administrators.

Article IV
Whenever the state forest fire control agency of a member state requests aid from the state forest fire control agency of any other member state in combating, controlling or preventing forest fires, it shall be the duty of the state forest fire control agency of that state to render all possible aid to the requesting agency which is consonant with the maintenance of protection at home.

Article V
Whenever the forces of any member state are rendering outside aid pursuant to the request of another member state under this compact, the employees of such state shall, under the direction of the officers of the state to which they are rendering aid, have the same powers (except the power of arrest), duties, rights, privileges and immunities as comparable employees of the state to which they are rendering aid.

No member state or its officers or employees rendering outside aid pursuant to this compact shall be liable on account of any act or omission on the part of such forces while so engaged, or on account of the maintenance or use of any equipment or supplies in connection therewith: Provided, That nothing herein shall be construed as relieving any person from liability for his own negligent act or omission, or as imposing liability for such negligent act or omission upon any state.

All liability, except as otherwise provided hereinafter, that may arise either under the laws of the requesting state or under the laws of a third state on account of or in connection with a request for aid, shall be assumed and borne by the requesting state.

Any member state rendering outside aid pursuant to this compact shall be reimbursed by the member state receiving such aid for any loss or damage to, or expense incurred in the operation of, any equipment answering a request for aid, and for the cost of all materials, transportation, wages, salaries, subsistence of employees and maintenance of equipment incurred in connection with such request: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall prevent any assisting member state from assuming such loss, damage, expense or other cost or from loaning such equipment or from donating such service to the receiving member state without charge or cost.

Each member state shall provide for the payment of compensation and death benefits to injured employees and the representatives of deceased employees in case employees sustain injuries or are killed while rendering outside aid pursuant to this compact, in the same manner and on the same terms as if the injury or death were sustained within such state.

For the purposes of this compact, the term "employee" shall include any volunteer or auxiliary legally included within the forest fire-fighting forces of the aiding state under the laws thereof.

The compact administrators shall formulate procedures for claims and reimbursement under the provisions of this article, in accordance with the laws of the member states.

Article VI
Ratification of this compact shall not be construed to affect any existing statute so as to authorize or permit curtailment or diminution of the forest fire-fighting forces, equipment services or facilities of any member state.

Nothing in this compact shall be construed to limit or restrict the powers of any state ratifying the same to provide for the prevention, control and extinguishment of forest fires, or to prohibit the enactment or enforcement of state laws, rules or regulations intended to aid in such prevention, control and extinguishment in such state.

Nothing in this compact shall be construed to affect any existing or future cooperative relationship or arrangement between any federal agency and a member state or states.

Article VII
The compact administrators may request the United States forest service to act as a research and coordinating agency of the southeastern interstate forest fire protection compact in cooperation with the appropriate agencies in each state, and the United States forest service may accept responsibility for preparing and presenting to the compact administrators its recommendations with respect to the regional fire plan. Representatives of any federal agency engaged in forest fire prevention and control may attend meetings of the compact administrators.

Article VIII
The provisions of articles four and five of this compact which relate to mutual aid in combatting, controlling or preventing forest fires shall be operative as between any state party to this compact and any other state which is party to a regional forest fire protection compact in another region: Provided, That the legislature of such other state shall have given its assent to such mutual aid provisions of this compact.

Article IX
This compact shall continue in force and remain binding on each state ratifying it until the legislature or the governor of such state, as the laws of such state shall provide, takes action to withdraw therefrom. Such action shall not be effective until six months after notice thereof has been sent by the chief executive of the state desiring to withdraw to the chief executives of all states then parties to the compact.


WVC 20 - 3 - 21 §20-3-21. When and how compact becomes operative.

When the governor shall have executed said compact on behalf of this state and shall have caused a verified copy thereof to be filed with the secretary of state and when said compact shall have been ratified by one or more of the states named in section twenty of this article, then said compact shall become operative and effective as between this state and such other state or states. The governor is hereby authorized and directed to take such action as may be necessary to complete the exchange of official documents as between this state and any other state ratifying said compact.


WVC 20 - 3 - 22 §20-3-22. Compact administration; advisory committee.

In pursuance of article three of said compact, the director of the department of natural resources of the state of West Virginia or his designated representative shall act as compact administrator for the state of West Virginia of the southeastern interstate forest fire protection compact during his term of office as director, and his successor as compact administrator shall be his successor as director. As compact administrator he shall be an ex officio member of the advisory committee of the southeastern interstate forest fire protection compact, and chairman ex officio of the West Virginia members of said advisory committee. There shall be four members of the southeastern interstate forest fire protection compact advisory committee from the state of West Virginia. Two of the members from the state of West Virginia shall be members of the Legislature of West Virginia, one from the Senate and one from the House of Delegates, designated by the state's commission on interstate cooperation, and the terms of any such members shall terminate at the time they cease to hold legislative office, and their successors as members shall be named in like manner. The governor shall appoint the other two members from the state of West Virginia, one of whom shall be associated with forestry or forest products industries. Such members shall hold office until their respective successors shall be appointed and qualified. Vacancies occurring in the office of such members for any reason or cause shall be filled by appointment by the governor for the unexpired term. The director as compact administrator may delegate, from time to time, to any deputy or other subordinate in his department or office, the power to be present and participate, including voting as his representative or substitute at any meeting of or hearing by or other proceeding of the compact administrators or of the advisory committee. The terms of each of the initial four memberships of the advisory committee, whether appointed at said time or not, shall begin upon the date upon which said compact shall become effective in accordance with article two of said compact. Any member of said advisory committee may be removed from office by the governor upon charges and after a hearing.


WVC 20 - 3 - 23 §20-3-23. Compact committee powers and duties; cooperation therewith.

There is hereby granted to the director, as compact administrator and chairman ex officio of the West Virginia members of said advisory committee, and to the members from West Virginia of said advisory committee, all the powers provided for in the said compact and all the powers necessary or incidental to the carrying out of said compact in every particular. All officers of the state of West Virginia are hereby authorized and directed to do all things falling within their respective provinces and jurisdiction necessary or incidental to the carrying out of said compact in every particular, it being hereby declared to be the policy of the state of West Virginia to perform and carry out the said compact and to accomplish the purposes thereof. All officers, bureaus, departments and persons of and in the state government or administration of the state of West Virginia are hereby authorized and directed at convenient times and upon request of said compact administrator, or of said advisory committee, to furnish information and data relating to the purposes of said compact possessed by them or any of them to said compact administrator or said advisory committee. They are further authorized to aid said compact administrator or said advisory committee by loan of personnel, equipment or other means in carrying out the purposes of said compact.


WVC 20 - 3 - 24 §20-3-24. Other powers of state forester supplementary.

Any powers herein granted to the state forester shall be regarded as in aid of and supplemental to, and in no case a limitation upon, any of the powers vested in said director by other laws of the state of West Virginia or by the laws of the states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia, or by the Congress or the terms of said compact.


WVC 20 - 3 - 25 PART III. MIDDLE ATLANTIC INTERSTATE FOREST FIRE
PROTECTION COMPACT.

§20-3-25. Governor's authority to execute.

The governor of West Virginia, on behalf of this state, is hereby authorized to execute a compact in substantially the following form, with any one or more of the states of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia, and the Legislature hereby signifies in advance its approval and ratification of such compact:

MIDDLE ATLANTIC INTERSTATE FOREST FIRE
PROTECTION COMPACT
ARTICLE I.
The purpose of this compact is to promote effective prevention and control of forest fires in the middle Atlantic region of the United States by the development of integrated forest fire plans, by the maintenance of adequate forest fire-fighting services by the member states, and by providing for mutual aid in fighting forest fires among the compacting states of the region and with states which are party to other regional forest fire protection compacts or agreements.

ARTICLE II.
This compact shall become operative immediately as to those states ratifying it whenever any two or more of the states of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia which are contiguous have ratified it and Congress has given consent thereto.

ARTICLE III.
In each state, the state forester or officer holding the equivalent position who is responsible for forest fire control shall act as compact administrator for that state and shall consult with like officials of the other member states and shall implement cooperation between such states in forest fire prevention and control.

The compact administrators of the member states shall organize to coordinate the services of the member states and provide administrative integration in carrying out the purposes of this compact.

The compact administrators shall formulate and, in accordance with need, from time to time, revise a regional forest fire plan for the member states.

It shall be the duty of each member state to formulate and put in effect a forest fire plan for that state and take such measures as may be necessary to integrate such forest fire plan with the regional forest fire plan formulated by the compact administrators.

ARTICLE IV.
Whenever the state forest fire control agency of a member state requests aid from the state forest fire control agency of any other member state in combating, controlling or preventing forest fires, it shall be the duty of the state forest fire control agency of that state to render all possible aid to the requesting agency which is consonant with the maintenance of protection at home.

ARTICLE V.
Whenever the forces of any member state are rendering outside aid pursuant to the request of another member state under this compact, the employees of such state shall, under the direction of the officers of the state to which they are rendering aid, have the same powers (except the power of arrest), duties, rights, privileges and immunities as comparable employees of the state to which they are rendering aid.

No member state or its officers or employees rendering outside aid pursuant to this compact shall be liable on account of any act or omission on the part of such forces while so engaged, or on account of the maintenance or use of any equipment or supplies in connection therewith.

All liability, except as otherwise provided hereinafter, that may arise either under the laws of the requesting state or under the laws of the aiding state or under the laws of a third state on account of or in connection with a request for aid, shall beassumed and borne by the requesting state.

Any member state rendering outside aid pursuant to this compact shall be reimbursed by the member state receiving such aid for any loss or damage to, or expense incurred in the operation of any equipment answering a request for aid, and for the cost of all materials, transportation, wages, salaries, and maintenance of employees and equipment incurred in connection with such request: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall prevent any assisting member state from assuming such loss, damage, expense or other costs or from loaning such equipment or from donating such services to the receiving member state without charge or cost.

Each member state shall provide for the payment of compensation and death benefits to injured employees and the representatives of deceased employees in case employees sustain injuries or are killed while rendering outside aid pursuant to this compact, in the same manner and on the same terms as if the injury or death were sustained within such state: Provided, That nothing herein shall be construed as relieving any person from liability for his own negligent act or omission, or as imposing liability for such negligent act or omission upon any state.

For the purposes of this compact the term "employee" shall include any volunteer or auxiliary legally included within the forest fire-fighting forces of the aiding state under the laws thereof.

The compact administrators shall formulate procedures for claims and reimbursement under the provisions of this article, in accordance with the laws of the member states.

ARTICLE VI.
Nothing in this compact shall be construed to authorize or permit any member state to curtail or diminish its forest fire-fighting forces, equipment, services or facilities, and it shall be the duty and responsibility of each member state to maintain adequate forest fire-fighting forces and equipment to meet demands for forest fire protection within its borders in the same manner and to the same extent as if this compact were not operative.

Nothing in this compact shall be construed to limit or restrict the powers of any state ratifying the same to provide for the prevention, control and extinguishment of forest fires, or to prohibit the enactment or enforcement of state laws, rules or regulations intended to aid in such prevention, control and extinguishment in such state.

Nothing in this compact shall be construed to affect any existing or future cooperative relationship or arrangement between the United States forest service and a member state or states.

ARTICLE VII.
The compact administrators may request the United States forest service to act as the primary research and coordinating agency of the middle Atlantic interstate forest fire protection compact in cooperation with the appropriate agencies in each state, and the United States forest service may accept the initial responsibility in preparing and presenting to the compact administrators its recommendations with respect to the regional fire plan. Representatives of the United States forest service may attend meetings of the compact administrators.

ARTICLE VIII.
The provisions of articles four and five of this compact which relate to mutual aid in combating, controlling or preventing forest fires shall be operative as between any state party to this compact and any other state which is party to a regional forest fire protection compact in another region: Provided, That the Legislature of such other state shall have given its assent to such mutual aid provisions of this compact.

ARTICLE IX.
This compact shall continue in force and remain binding on each state ratifying it until the Legislature or the governor of such state takes action to withdraw therefrom. Such action shall not be effective until six months after notice thereof has been sent by the chief executive of the state desiring to withdraw to the chief executive of all states then parties to the compact.


WVC 20 - 3 - 26 §20-3-26. When and how compact becomes operative.

When the governor shall have executed said compact on behalf of this state and shall have caused a verified copy thereof to be filed with the secretary of state and when said compact shall have been ratified by one or more of the states named in section twenty-five of this article, then said compact shall become operative and effective as between this state and such other state or states. The governor is hereby authorized and directed to take such action as may be necessary to complete the exchange of official documents as between this state or any other state ratifying said compact.


WVC 20 - 3 - 27 §20-3-27. Compact administration.

In pursuance of article two of said compact, the director of the department of natural resources of the state of West Virginia may appoint the state forester and the assistant state forester in charge of forest fire control to represent the state of West Virginia on the compact committee.


WVC 20 - 3 - 28 §20-3-28. Compact committee powers and duties; cooperation therewith.

There is hereby granted to the members of the compact committee appointed by the director and under the general supervision of the director, all the powers provided for in the said compact. All officers of the state of West Virginia are hereby authorized and directed to do all things falling within their respective provinces and jurisdiction necessary to the carrying out of said compact. All officers, bureaus, departments and persons of and in the state government or administration of the state of West Virginia are hereby authorized and directed at convenient times and upon request of the duly appointed members of the compact committee, to furnish information and data relating to the purpose of said compact possessed by them or any of them to said members of the compact committee. They are further authorized to aid said compact committee members by loan of personnel, equipment, or other means in carrying out the purposes of said compact.


WVC 20 - 3 - 29 §20-3-29. Other powers supplementary.

Any powers herein granted to the state forester shall be regarded as in aid of and supplemental to, and in no case a limitation upon, any of the powers vested in said director by other laws of the State of West Virginia or by the laws of the State of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia, or by the Congress or the terms of said compact.


WVC 20 - 3 A- ARTICLE 3A. SKIING RESPONSIBILITY ACT.


WVC 20 - 3 A- 1 §20-3A-1. Legislative purpose.
The Legislature finds that the sport of skiing is practiced by a large number of citizens of West Virginia and also attracts to West Virginia a large number of nonresidents, significantly contributing to the economy of West Virginia. Since it is recognized that there are inherent risks in the sport of skiing which should be understood by each skier and which are essentially impossible to eliminate by the ski area operator, it is the purpose of this article to define those areas of responsibility and affirmative acts for which ski area operators shall be liable for loss, damage or injury and those risks which the skier expressly assumes for which there can be no recovery.


WVC 20 - 3 A- 2 §20-3A-2. Definitions.
Unless the context of usage clearly requires otherwise:

(a) "Aerial passenger tramway" means any device operated by a ski area operator used to transport passengers, by single or double reversible tramway; chair lift or gondola lift; T-bar lift, J-bar lift, platter lift, conveyor lift or similar device; or a fiber rope tow.

(b) "Competitor" means a skier actually engaged in competition, a special event, or training or practicing for competition or a special event on any portion of the area made available by the ski area operator.

(c) "Freestyle terrain" includes, but is not limited to, terrain parks and terrain park features such as jumps, rails, fun boxes, and all other constructed and natural features, half-pipes, quarter pipes, and freestyle-bump terrain.

(d) "Passenger" means any person who is lawfully using an aerial passenger tramway, or is waiting to embark or has recently disembarked from an aerial passenger tramway and is in its immediate vicinity.

(e) "Ski area" means any property owned or leased and under the control of the ski area operator or operators within West Virginia.

(f) "Ski area operator" means any person, partnership, corporation or other commercial entity and their agents, officers, employees or representatives, or the State of West Virginia, or any political subdivision thereof, who has operational responsibility for any ski area or aerial passenger tramway.

(g) "Skiing area" means all ski slopes and trails not including any aerial passenger tramway.

(h) "Skier" means any person present at a skiing area under the control of a ski area operator for the purpose of engaging in the sport of skiing in locations designated as the ski slopes and trails, but does not include a passenger using an aerial passenger tramway.

(i) "Skiing" means sliding downhill or jumping on snow or ice on skis, a toboggan, a sled, a tube, a snowbike, a snowboard, or any other device by utilizing any of the facilities of the ski area.

(j) "Ski slopes and trails" means all ski slopes or trails and adjoining skiable terrain, including all their edges and features, and those areas designated by the ski area operator to be used by skiers for the purpose of participating in the sport of skiing in areas designated for that type of skiing activity. Ski slopes and trails shall be designated on trail maps, if provided, and by signs indicating to the skiing public the designated skiing activity for skiing areas.


WVC 20 - 3 A- 3 §20-3A-3. Duties of ski area operators with respect to ski areas.
Every ski area operator shall:

(1) Mark all trail maintenance vehicles and furnish such vehicles with flashing or rotating lights which shall be in operation whenever the vehicles are working or are in movement in the skiing area.

(2) Mark with a visible sign or other warning implement the location of any hydrant or similar equipment used in snowmaking operations and located on ski slopes and trails.

(3) Mark conspicuously the top or entrance to each ski slope, trail or area to designate open or closed and relative degree of difficulty using the appropriate symbols approved by the national ski areas association as of the effective date of this article and as may thereafter be modified by the association.

(4) Maintain one or more trail boards at prominent locations at each ski area displaying that area's network of ski trails and slopes with each trail and slope rated thereon in accordance with the aforementioned symbols' code and containing a key to the code in accordance with the designations in subdivision (3) herein.

(5) Designate by trail board or otherwise which trails or slopes are open or closed.

(6) Place, or cause to be placed, whenever snow grooming or snowmaking operations are being undertaken upon any trail or slope while such trail or slope is open to the public, a conspicuous notice to that effect at or near the top of the trail or slope.

(7) Post notice at prominent locations of the requirements of this article concerning the use of ski retention devices. This obligation shall be the sole requirement imposed upon the ski area operator regarding the requirement for or use of ski retention devices.

(8) Maintain the ski areas in a reasonably safe condition, except that such operator shall not be responsible for any injury, loss or damage caused by the following: variations in terrain; surface or subsurface snow or ice conditions; bare spots, rocks, trees, other forms of forest growth or debris; collisions with pole lines, lift towers or any components thereof; or, collisions with snowmaking equipment which is marked by a visible sign or other warning implement in compliance with subdivision (2) of this section.

(9) When no certified ambulance service is available in the vicinity, have on duty at or near the skiing area, during all times that skiing areas are open for skiing, at least one trained and currently certified emergency medical technician.


WVC 20 - 3 A- 4 §20-3A-4. Responsibilities of passengers.
No passenger shall:

(1) Board or embark upon or disembark from an aerial passenger tramway except at an area designated for such purpose;

(2) Drop, throw or expel any object from an aerial passenger tramway;

(3) Perform any act which interferes with the running or operation of an aerial passenger tramway;

(4) Enter the boarding area of or use any aerial passenger tramway without requesting and receiving instruction on its use from the ski area operator, unless the passenger has the ability to use it safely without instruction;

(5) Engage in any harmful conduct, or willfully or negligently engage in any type of conduct which contributes to or causes injury to any person; or

(6) Embark on an aerial passenger tramway without the authority, expressed or implied, of the ski area operator.


WVC 20 - 3 A- 5 §20-3A-5. Duties of skiers.
(a) It is recognized that skiing as a recreational sport is hazardous to skiers, regardless of all feasible safety measures which can be taken. Each skier expressly assumes the risk of and legal responsibility for any injury, loss or damage to person or property which results from participation in the sport of skiing including, but not limited to, any injury, loss or damage caused by the following: Variations in terrain including freestyle terrain; surface or subsurface snow or ice conditions; bare spots, rocks, trees, other forms of forest growth or debris; collisions with pole lines, lift towers or any component thereof; or, collisions with snowmaking equipment which is marked by a visible sign or other warning implement in compliance with section three of this article. Each skier shall have the sole individual responsibility for knowing the range of his or her own ability to negotiate any ski slope or trail, and it shall be the duty of each skier to ski within the limits of the skier's own ability, to maintain reasonable control of speed and course at all times while skiing, to heed all posted warnings, to ski only on a skiing area designated by the ski area operator and to refrain from acting in a manner which may cause or contribute to the injury of anyone. If while actually skiing, any skier collides with any object or person, except an obviously intoxicated person of whom the ski area operator is aware, the responsibility for such collision shall be solely that of the skier or skiers involved and not that of the ski area operator.

(b) No person shall place any object in the skiing area or on the uphill track or any aerial passenger tramway which may cause a passenger or skier to fall.

(c) No skier shall cross the track of any T-bar lift, J-bar lift, platter lift, conveyor lift or similar device, or a fiber rope tow except at a designated location, nor shall any skier place any object in such an uphill track.

(d) No person involved in a skiing accident shall depart the ski area without leaving personal identification, including name and address, with an employee of the ski area operator or without notifying the proper authorities or without obtaining assistance when that person knows or reasonably should know that any other person involved in the accident is in need of medical or other assistance.

(e) A ski or snowboard used by a skier while skiing or snowboarding shall be equipped with a strap or other device capable of stopping the ski or snowboard should the ski or snowboard detach from the skier. No skier shall fail to wear retention straps or other devices to help prevent runaway skis or snowboards. This requirement shall not apply to cross country skis.

(f) Each skier has the duty to maintain control of his or her speed and course at all times when skiing and to maintain a proper lookout so as to be able to avoid other skiers and objects. However, the primary duty shall be on the person skiing downhill to avoid collision with any person or objects below him or her.

(g) No skier shall ski on a ski slope or trail that has been posted as "Closed."

(h) No skier shall use any ski slope while such person's ability to do so is impaired by the consumption of alcohol or by the use of any controlled substance or other drug or while such person is under the influence of alcohol or any controlled substance or other drug.

(i) Each skier has the duty to heed all posted information and other warnings.

(j) Before beginning to ski from a stationary position or before entering a ski slope or trail from the side, the skier shall have the duty to avoid moving skiers already on the ski slope or trail.


WVC 20 - 3 A- 6 §20-3A-6. Liability of ski area operators.
Any ski area operator shall be liable for injury, loss or damage caused by failure to follow the duties set forth in section three of this article where the violation of duty is causally related to the injury, loss or damage suffered. A ski area operator shall not be liable for any injury, loss or damage caused by the negligence of any person who is not an agent or employee of such operator, nor shall a ski area operator be liable for any injury, loss or damage caused by any object dropped, thrown or expelled by a passenger from an aerial passenger tramway. Every ski area operator shall carry public liability insurance in limits of no less than one hundred thousand dollars per person, three hundred thousand dollars per occurrence and ten thousand dollars for property damage.


WVC 20 - 3 A- 7 §20-3A-7. Liability of passengers.
Any passenger shall be liable for injury, loss or damage resulting from violations of the duties set forth in section four.


WVC 20 - 3 A- 8 §20-3A-8. Liability of skiers.
Any skier shall be liable for injury, loss or damage resulting from violations of the duties set forth in section five.

§20-4-0 to 20-4-14.

Repealed. Acts, 1985 Reg. Sess., Ch. 41.

§20-4-15 to 20-4-25.

Repealed. Acts, 1967 Reg. Sess., Ch. 147.


WVC 20 - 3 A- 9 §20-3A-9. Competition.
(a) The ski area operator shall, prior to use of any portion of the area made available by the ski area operator, allow each competitor the opportunity to conduct a reasonable visual inspection of the ski slopes and trails or freestyle terrain used in the competition.

(b) The competitor shall be held to assume the risk of all ski slopes and trails or freestyle terrain conditions including, but not limited to, weather and snow conditions; obstacles, course or feature location, construction or layout, freestyle terrain configuration and conditions; and other courses, layouts, or configurations of the area to be used. No liability shall attach to a ski area operator for injury or death to any competitor caused by course, venue, or area conditions that a visual inspection should have revealed or by collisions with other competitors.


WVC 20 - 3 B- ARTICLE 3B. WHITEWATER RESPONSIBILITY ACT.


WVC 20 - 3 B- 1 §20-3B-1. Legislative purposes.


Every year, in rapidly increasing numbers, the inhabitants of the state of West Virginia and nonresidents are enjoying the recreational value of West Virginia rivers and streams. The tourist trade is of vital importance to the state of West Virginia and the services offered by commercial whitewater outfitters and commercial whitewater guides significantly contribute to the economy of the state of West Virginia. The Legislature recognizes that there are inherent risks in the recreational activities provided by commercial whitewater outfitters and commercial whitewater guides which should be understood by each participant. It is essentially impossible for commercial whitewater outfitters and commercial whitewater guides to eliminate these risks. It is the purpose of this article to define those areas of responsibility and affirmative acts for which commercial whitewater outfitters and commercial whitewater guides are liable for loss, damage or injury.


WVC 20 - 3 B- 2 §20-3B-2. Definitions.

Unless the context of usage clearly requires otherwise:

(a) "Commercial whitewater outfitter" means any person, partnership, corporation or other organization, or any combination thereof, as defined in section twenty-three, article two of this chapter.

(b) "Commercial whitewater guide" means any person as defined in section twenty-three, article two of this chapter.

(c) "Participant" means any person using the services of a commercial whitewater outfitter or commercial whitewater guide on any river, portions of rivers or waters of the state.


WVC 20 - 3 B- 3 §20-3B-3. Duties of commercial whitewater outfitters and commercial whitewater guides.

(a) All commercial whitewater outfitters and commercial whitewater guides offering professional services in this state shall provide facilities, equipment and services as advertised or as agreed to by the commercial whitewater outfitter, commercial whitewater guide and the participant. All services, facilities and equipment provided by commercial whitewater outfitters and commercial whitewater guides in this state shall conform to safety and other requirements set forth in article two of this chapter and in the rules promulgated by the commercial whitewater advisory board created by section twenty-three-a, article two of this chapter.

(b) In addition to the duties set forth in subsection (a) of this section, all commercial whitewater guides providing services for whitewater expeditions in this state shall, while providing such services, conform to the standard of care expected of members of their profession.


WVC 20 - 3 B- 4 §20-3B-4. Duties of participants.


(a) Participants have a duty to act as would a reasonably prudent person when engaging in recreational activities offered by commercial whitewater outfitters and commercial whitewater guides in this state.

(b) No participant may:

(1) Board upon or embark upon any commercial whitewater expedition when intoxicated or under the influence of nonintoxicating beer, intoxicating beverages or controlled substances; or

(2) Fail to advise the trip leader or the trip guide of any known health problems or medical disability and any prescribed medication that may be used in the treatment of such health problems during the course of the commercial whitewater expedition; or

(3) Engage in harmful conduct or willfully or negligently engage in any type of conduct which contributes to or causes injury to any person or personal property; or

(4) Perform any act which interferes with the safe running and operation of the expedition, including failure to use safety equipment provided by the commercial whitewater outfitter or failure to follow the instructions of the trip leader or trip guide in regard to the safety measures and conduct requested of the participants; or

(5) Fail to inform or notify the trip guide or trip leader of any incident or accident involving personal injury or illness experienced during the course of any commercial whitewater expedition. If such injury or illness occurs, the participant shall leave personal identification, including name and address, with the commercial whitewater outfitter's agent or employee.


WVC 20 - 3 B- 5 §20-3B-5. Liability of commercial whitewater outfitters and commercial whitewater guides.

It is recognized that some recreational activities conducted by commercial whitewater outfitters and commercial whitewater guides are hazardous to participants regardless of all feasible safety measures which can be taken.

(a) No licensed commercial whitewater outfitter or commercial whitewater guide acting in the course of his employment is liable to a participant for damages or injuries to such participant unless such damage or injury was directly caused by failure of the commercial whitewater outfitter or commercial whitewater guide to comply with duties placed on him by article two of this chapter, by the rules of the commercial whitewater advisory board, or by the duties placed on such commercial whitewater outfitter or commercial whitewater guide by the provisions of this article.

(b) The limitations on liability created by this article apply only to commercial whitewater outfitters licensed under the provisions of article two of this chapter and to commercial whitewater guides who are agents or employees of licensed commercial whitewater outfitters, and only when the commercial whitewater outfitter or commercial whitewater guide is acting within the course of his employment.


WVC 20 - 4 - ARTICLE 4. EQUESTRIAN ACTIVITIES RESPONSIBILITY ACT.


WVC 20 - 4 - 1 §20-4-1. Legislative purpose.

The Legislature finds that equestrian activities are engaged in by a large number of citizens of West Virginia and that such activities also attract to West Virginia a large number of nonresidents, significantly contributing to the economy of West Virginia. Since it is recognized that there are inherent risks in equestrian activities which should be understood by participants therein and which are essentially impossible for the operators of equestrian businesses to eliminate, it is the purpose of this article to define those areas of responsibility and those affirmative acts for which the operators of equestrian businesses shall be liable for loss, damage or injury suffered by participants, and to further define those risks which the participants expressly assume and for which there can be no recovery.


WVC 20 - 4 - 2 §20-4-2. Definitions.

In this article, unless a different meaning plainly is required:

(1) "Equestrian activity" means any sporting event or other activity involving a horse or horses, including, but not limited to:

(A) Shows, fairs, competitions, performances or parades;

(B) Any of the equine disciplines such as dressage, hunter and jumper shows, grand prix jumping, three day events, combined training, rodeos, driving, western games and hunting;

(C) Rides, trips or hunts;

(D) Riding classes, therapeutic riding programs, school and college sponsored classes and programs, or other classes in horsemanship;

(E) The boarding or keeping of horses; and

(F) Providing equipment or tack.

(2) "Horseman" or "operator of a horseman's business" means any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, association, public or private corporation, the United States or any federal agency, this state or any political subdivision of this state, and any other legal entity which engages, with or without compensation, in organizing, promoting, presenting or providing equestrian activities or in providing facilities for equestrian activities.

(3) "Horse" means each animal of the horse kind, in every class or breed of horses, and, without limitation or exception, all members of the genus Equus and family Equidae.
(4) "Participant" means any person using the services or facilities of a horseman so as to be directly involved in an equestrian activity.


WVC 20 - 4 - 3 §20-4-3. Duties of horsemen.

Every horseman shall:

(1) Make reasonable and prudent efforts to determine the ability of a participant to safely engage in the equestrian activity, to determine the ability of the horse to behave safely with the participant, and to determine the ability of the participant to safely manage, care for and control the particular horse involved;

(2) Make known to any participant any dangerous traits or characteristics or any physical impairments or conditions related to a particular horse which is involved in the equestrian activity of which the horseman knows or through the exercise of due diligence could know;

(3) Make known to any participant any dangerous condition as to land or facilities under the lawful possession and control of the horseman of which the horseman knows or through the exercise of due diligence could know, by advising the participant in writing or by conspicuously posting warning signs upon the premises;

(4) In providing equipment or tack to a participant, make reasonable and prudent efforts to inspect such equipment or tack to assure that it is in proper working condition and safe for use in the equestrian activity;

(5) Prepare and present to each participant or prospective participant, for his or her inspection and signature, a statement which clearly and concisely explains the liability limitations, restrictions and responsibilities set forth in this article.


WVC 20 - 4 - 4 §20-4-4. Duties of participants.

It is recognized that equestrian activities are hazardous to participants, regardless of all feasible safety measures which can be taken.

Each participant in an equestrian activity expressly assumes the risk of and legal responsibility for any injury, loss or damage to person or property which results from participation in an equestrian activity. Each participant shall have the sole individual responsibility for knowing the range of his or her own ability to manage, care for, and control a particular horse or perform a particular equestrian activity, and it shall be the duty of each participant to act within the limits of the participant's own ability, to maintain reasonable control of the particular horse or horses at all times while participating in an equestrian activity, to heed all posted warnings, to perform equestrian activities only in an area or in facilities designated by the horseman and to refrain from acting in a manner which may cause or contribute to the injury of anyone. If while actually riding in an equestrian event, any participant collides with any object or person, except an obviously intoxicated person of whom the horseman is aware, or if the participant falls from the horse or from a horse-drawn conveyance, the responsibility for such collision or fall shall be solely that of the participant or participants involved and not that of the horseman.

A participant involved in an accident shall not depart from the area or facility where the equestrian activity took place without leaving personal identification, including name and address, or without notifying the proper authorities, or without obtaining assistance when that person knows or reasonably should know that any other person involved in the accident is in need of medical or other assistance.


WVC 20 - 4 - 5 §20-4-5. Liability of horsemen.

(a) A horseman shall be liable for injury, loss or damage caused by failure to follow the duties set forth in section three of this article where the violation of duty is causally related to the injury, loss or damage suffered. A horseman shall not be liable for any injury, loss or damage caused by the negligence of any person who is not an agent or employee of such horseman.

(b) A horseman shall be liable for acts or omissions which constitute gross negligence or willful and wanton conduct which is the proximate cause of injury to a participant.

(c) A horseman shall be liable for an intentional injury which he or she inflicts upon a participant.

(d) Every horseman shall carry public liability insurance in limits of no less than one hundred thousand dollars per person, three hundred thousand dollars per occurrence and ten thousand dollars for property damage.


WVC 20 - 4 - 6 §20-4-6. Liability of participants.

Any participant shall be liable for injury, loss or damage resulting from violations of the duties set forth in section four of this article.


WVC 20 - 4 - 7 §20-4-7. Applicability of article.

The provisions of this article do not apply to the horse racing industry that is regulated by the provisions of article twenty-three, chapter nineteen of this code.


WVC 20 - 4 A- ARTICLE 4A. SKIN AND SCUBA DIVING.


WVC 20 - 4 A- 1 §20-4A-1. Waters where diving is permitted; exceptions.
(a) Skin and scuba (self-contained underwater breathing apparatus) diving is permitted in all waters in this state, including natural and artificial lakes, except in the following areas:

(1) Within one hundred feet of boat ramps, controlled swimming areas, marina areas and fishing piers marked for use by physically disabled persons;

(2) Designated hazards areas;

(3) Areas near dams and outlet structures in artificial lakes;

(4) Heavily traveled boat lanes;

(5) Narrow channels; and

(6) Areas where visibility is obscured.

(b) The provisions of this section shall not apply to professional skin or scuba divers engaged in demolition, salvage, construction, rescue or repair work in the regular course of their business.


WVC 20 - 4 A- 2 §20-4A-2. "Diver down" flag required; flag specifications.
(1) No person may skin or scuba dive in any waters of the state that are used by motorboats unless the diving area is marked by one "diver down" flag displayed at all times while a diver is in the water.

(2) The "diver down" flag shall be a red field with a white diagonal stripe not less than one and one-half inches wide running upper left to lower right. The dimensions of the flag shall be not less than ten inches by ten inches and the top of the flag shall be at least three feet above the surface of the water.

(3) The "diver down" flag shall be anchored and affixed to a separate flotation device. No such flag may be attached to any navigational device or placed so as to obstruct boat traffic.

(4) A diver must surface within one hundred feet of the "diver down" flag marking his diving area.


WVC 20 - 4 A- 3 §20-4A-3. Penalties.
Any person violating any of the provisions of this article is guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than twenty nor more than three hundred dollars, or confined in jail not less than ten nor more than one hundred days, or both fined and imprisoned.


WVC 20 - 5 - ARTICLE 5. PARKS AND RECREATION.
WVC 20 - 5 - 1 §20-5-1. Section of parks and recreation; chief of section; existing obligation; appropriations.
(a) The section of parks and recreation of the division of natural resources shall have within its jurisdiction and supervision the parks functions of the former division of tourism and parks, transferred to the division of natural resources pursuant to the provisions of section twelve, article one, chapter five-b of this code enacted in the year one thousand nine hundred ninety-four. The section of parks and recreation shall be under the control of a chief, to be appointed by and to serve at the will and pleasure of the director, who shall be qualified by reason of exceptional training and experience in the field of public recreation administration or natural resource management.

(b) The division of natural resources shall have the duty and authority to administer those properties which are a part of the state parks and public recreation system, to which legal title has remained with the division of natural resources, while the section of parks and recreation was part of the former division of tourism and parks.

(c) All existing contracts and obligations of the section of parks and recreation, including those in the name of the division of tourism and parks administered on behalf of the section of parks and recreation, shall remain in full force and effect and any existing contracts and obligations relating to parks and recreation shall be performed by the division of natural resources.

(d) The transfer, made pursuant to executive order, to the division of natural resources of the unexpended balance existing on the thirtieth day of June, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five, in any appropriation originally made to the division of tourism and parks is hereby ratified.


WVC 20 - 5 - 2 §20-5-2. Powers of the director with respect to the section of parks and recreation.
(a) The Director of the Division of Natural Resources is responsible for the execution and administration of the provisions in this article as an integral part of the parks and recreation program of the state and shall organize and staff the section of parks and recreation for the orderly, efficient and economical accomplishment of these ends. The authority granted in the year one thousand nine hundred ninety-four to the Director of the Division of Natural Resources to employ up to six additional unclassified personnel to carry out the parks' functions of the Division of Natural Resources is continued.

(b) The Director of the Division of Natural Resources shall:

(1) Establish, manage and maintain the state's parks and recreation system for the benefit of the people of this state and do all things necessary and incidental to the development and administration of the state's parks and recreation system;

(2) Acquire property for the state in the name of the Division of Natural Resources by purchase, lease or agreement; retain, employ and contract with legal advisors and consultants; or accept or reject for the state, in the name of the division, gifts, donations, contributions, bequests or devises of money, security or property, both real and personal, and any interest in the property, including lands and waters, for state park or recreational areas for the purpose of providing public recreation: Provided, That the provisions of section twenty, article one of this chapter are specifically made applicable to any acquisitions of land: Provided, however, That any sale, exchange or transfer of property for the purposes of completing land acquisitions or providing improved recreational opportunities to the citizens of the state is subject to the procedures of article one-a of this chapter: Provided further, That no sale of any park or recreational area property, including lands and waters, used for purposes of providing public recreation on the effective date of this article and no privatization of any park may occur without statutory authority;

(3) Approve and direct the use of all revenue derived from the operation of the state parks and public recreation system for the operation, maintenance and improvement of the system, individual projects of the system or for the retirement of park development revenue bonds: Provided, That all revenues derived from the operation of the state parks and public recreation system shall be invested by the Treasurer and all proceeds from investment earnings shall accrue for the exclusive use for the operation, maintenance, and improvement of the system, individual projects of the system or for the retirement of park development revenue bonds;

(4) Effectively promote and market the state's parks, state forests, state recreation areas and wildlife recreational resources by approving the use of no less than twenty percent of the:

(A) Funds appropriated for purposes of advertising and marketing expenses related to the promotion and development of tourism, pursuant to subsection (j), section eighteen, article twenty-two, chapter twenty-nine of this code; and

(B) Funds authorized for expenditure from the Tourism Promotion Fund for purposes of direct advertising, pursuant to section twelve, article two, chapter five-b of this code and section ten, article twenty-two-a, chapter twenty-nine of this code;

(5) Issue park development revenue bonds as provided in this article;

(6) Provide for the construction and operation of cabins, lodges, resorts, restaurants and other developed recreational service facilities, subject to the provisions of section fifteen of this article and section twenty, article one of this chapter;

(7) The director may sell timber that has been severed in a state park incidental to the construction of park facilities or related infrastructure where the construction is authorized by the Legislature in accordance with section twenty, article one of this chapter, and the sale of the timber is otherwise in the best interest of park development, without regard to proceeds derived from the sale of timber. The gross proceeds derived from the sale of timber shall be deposited into the operating budget of the park from which the timber was harvested;

(8) Propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to control the uses of parks: Provided, That the director may not permit public hunting, except as otherwise provided in this section, the exploitation of minerals or the harvesting of timber for commercial purposes in any state park;

(9) Exempt designated state parks from the requirement that all payments must be deposited in a bank within twenty-four hours for amounts less than five hundred dollars notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary: Provided, That such designated parks shall make a deposit in any amount no less than every seven working days;

(10) Waive the use fee normally charged to an individual or group for one day's use of a picnic shelter or one week's use of a cabin in a state recreation area when the individual or group donates the materials and labor for the construction of the picnic shelter or cabin: Provided, That the individual or group was authorized by the director to construct the picnic shelter or cabin and that it was constructed in accordance with the authorization granted and the standards and requirements of the division pertaining to the construction. The individual or group to whom the waiver is granted may use the picnic shelter for one reserved day or the cabin for one reserved week during each calendar year until the amount of the donation equals the amount of the loss of revenue from the waiver or until the individual dies or the group ceases to exist, whichever first occurs. The waiver is not transferable. The director shall permit free use of picnic shelters or cabins to individuals or groups who have contributed materials and labor for construction of picnic shelters or cabins prior to the effective date of this section. The director shall propose a legislative rule for promulgation in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code governing the free use of picnic shelters or cabins provided in this section, the eligibility for free use, the determination of the value of the donations of labor and materials, the appropriate definitions of a group and the maximum time limit for the use;

(11) Provide within the parks a market for West Virginia arts, crafts and products, which shall permit gift shops within the parks to offer for sale items purchased on the open market from local artists, artisans, craftsmen and suppliers and local or regional crafts cooperatives;

(12) Provide that reservations for reservable campsites may be made, upon two days' advance notice, for any date for which space is available within a state park or recreational area managed by the parks and recreation section;

(13) Provide that reservations for all state parks and recreational areas managed by the parks and recreation section of the division may be made by use of a valid credit card;

(14) Develop a plan to establish a centralized computer reservation system for all state parks and recreational areas managed by the parks and recreation section and to implement the plan as funds become available; and

(15) Notwithstanding the provisions of section fifty-eight, article two of this chapter, the Natural Resources Commission is authorized to promulgate rules in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to permit and regulate the hunting of white-tail deer in any state park as deemed appropriate by the director to protect the ecological integrity of the area.


WVC 20 - 5 - 3 §20-5-3. Section of parks and recreation; purpose; powers and duties generally.
The purposes of the section of parks and recreation shall be to promote conservation by preserving and protecting natural areas of unique or exceptional scenic, scientific, cultural, archaeological or historic significance and to provide outdoor recreational opportunities for the citizens of this state and its visitors. It shall be the duty of the section of parks and recreation to have within its jurisdiction and supervision:

(a) All state parks and recreation areas, including all lodges, cabins, swimming pools, motorboating and all other recreational facilities therein, except the roads heretofore transferred pursuant to section one, article four, chapter seventeen of this code to the state road system and to the responsibility of the commissioner of highways with respect to the construction, reconstruction and maintenance of the roads or any future roads for public usage on publicly owned lands for future state parks, state forests and public hunting and fishing areas;

(b) The authority and responsibility to do the necessary cutting and planting of vegetation along road rights-of-way in state parks and recreational areas;

(c) The administration of all laws and regulations relating to the establishment, development, protection, use and enjoyment of all state parks and state recreational facilities consistent with the provisions of this article;

(d) The continued operation and maintenance of the Berkeley Springs historical state park, in Morgan County, as a state recreational facility, designated the Berkeley Springs sanitarium under prior enactment of this code;

(e) The continued operation and maintenance of that portion of Washington Carver camp in Fayette County formerly incorporated within the boundaries of Babcock state park;

(f) The continued operation and maintenance of Camp Creek state park as a state recreational facility, formerly delineated according to section three, article one-a, chapter nineteen of this code;

(g) The continued operation and maintenance of Moncove Lake state park as a state recreational facility, formerly delineated pursuant to enactment of section thirteen, article one, chapter five-b of this code in the year one thousand nine hundred ninety;

(h) The continued protection, operation and maintenance of approximately seventy-five miles of right-of-way along the former Greenbrier subdivision of the Chessie railroad system between Caldwell in Greenbrier County and Cass in Pocahontas County, designated the Greenbrier river trail, including the protection of the trail from motorized vehicular traffic and operation for the protection of adjacent public and private property;

(i) The continued protection, operation and maintenance of approximately sixty and fifty-seven one-hundredths miles of right-of-way of the CSX railway system between Walker in Wood County and Wilsonburg in Harrison County, designated the North Bend rail trail, including the protection of the trail from motorized vehicular traffic and operation for the protection of adjacent public and private property; and

(j) The continued development, operation and maintenance of Blennerhassett Island Historical State park, including all the property, powers and authority previously held by the Blennerhassett Island Historical State Park Commission formerly delineated pursuant to article eight, chapter twenty-nine of this

code.


WVC 20 - 5 - 4 §20-5-4. Definitions; state parks and recreation system.
As used in this article, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:

"Bonds" shall mean bonds issued by the director.

"Cost of project" shall embrace the cost of construction, the cost of all land, property, material and labor which are deemed essential thereto, cost of improvements, financing charges, interest during construction and all other expenses, including legal fees, trustees', engineers' and architects' fees which are necessary or properly incidental to the project.

"Project" shall be deemed to mean collectively the acquisition of land, the construction of any buildings or other works, together with incidental approaches, structures and facilities, reasonably necessary and useful in order to provide new or improved recreational facilities.

"Recreational facilities" shall mean and embrace cabins, lodges, swimming pools, golf courses, restaurants, commissaries and other revenue producing facilities in any state park.

"Rent or rental" shall include all moneys received for the use of any recreational facility.


WVC 20 - 5 - 5 §20-5-5. Authority of director to issue park development revenue bonds; grants and gifts.
The director, with the approval of the governor, is hereby empowered to raise the cost of any project, as defined in this article, by the issuance of park development revenue bonds of the state, the principal of and interest on the bonds shall be payable solely from the special fund herein provided for the payment. The bonds shall be authorized by order of the director, approved by the governor, which shall recite an estimate by the director of the cost of the project, and shall provide for the issuance of bonds in an amount sufficient, when sold as hereinafter provided, to produce the cost, less the amount of any grant or grants, gift or gifts received, or in the opinion of the director expected to be received from the United States of America or from any other source. The acceptance by the director of any and all grants and gifts, whether in money or in land, labor or materials, is hereby expressly authorized. All bonds shall have and are hereby declared to have all the qualities of negotiable instruments under the provisions of article eight, chapter forty-six of this code. The director shall have the power:

(a) To issue negotiable bonds, security interests or notes and to provide for and secure the payment thereof and to provide for the rights of the holders thereof and to purchase, hold and dispose of any of its bonds, security interests or notes.

(b) To sell, at public or private sale, any bond or other negotiable instrument, security interests or obligation of the director in any manner and upon such terms as the director deems would best serve the purposes set forth herein.

(c) To issue its bonds, security interests and notes payable solely from the revenues or funds available to the director therefor; and the director may issue its bonds, security interests or notes in such principal amounts as it shall deem necessary to provide funds for any purposes herein including:

(i) The payment, funding or refunding of the principal of, interest on or redemption premiums on any bonds, security interests or notes issued by it whether the bonds, security interests, notes or interest to be funded or refunded have or have not become due.

(ii) The establishment or increase of reserves to secure or to pay bonds, security interests, notes or the interest thereon and all other costs or expenses of the director incident to and necessary or convenient to carry out its purposes and powers. Any bonds, security interests or notes may be additionally secured by a pledge of any revenues, funds, assets or moneys of the special fund herein provided.

(d) To issue renewal notes, or security interests, to issue bonds to pay notes or security interests and, whenever it deems refunding expedient, to refund any bonds by the issuance of new bonds, whether the bonds to be refunded have or have not matured except that no such renewal notes shall be issued to mature more than ten years from date of issuance of the notes renewed, and no such refunding bonds shall be issued to mature more than twenty-five years from the date of original issuance.

(e) To apply the proceeds from the sale of renewal notes, security interests or refunding bonds to the purchase, redemption or payment of the notes, security interests or bonds to be refunded.

(f) To accept gifts or grants or property, funds, security interests, money, materials, labor, supplies or services from the United States of America or from any governmental unit or any person, firm or corporation and to carry out the terms or provisions of, or make agreements with respect to, or pledge, any gifts or grants and to do any and all things necessary, useful, desirable or convenient in connection with the procuring, acceptance or disposition of gifts or grants.

(g) To the extent permitted under its contracts with the holders of bonds, security interests or notes of the authority, to consent to any modification of the rate of interest, time of payment of any installment of principal or interest, security or any other term of any bond, security interest, note or contract oragreement of any kind to which the director is a party.

(h) The director shall determine the form of the bonds, including coupons to be attached thereto to evidence the right of interest payments, which bonds shall be signed by the director, under the great seal of the state, attested by the secretary of state and the coupons attached thereto shall bear the facsimile signature of the director. In case any of the officers whose signatures appear on bonds or coupons shall cease to be officers before the delivery of the bonds, the signatures shall nevertheless be valid and sufficient for all purposes the same as if they had remained in office until such delivery.

(i) The director shall fix the denominations of the bonds, the principal and interest of which shall be payable at the office of the treasurer of the state of West Virginia, at the capitol of the state or, at the option of the holder, at such other place to be named in the bonds in such medium as may be determined by the director.

(j) The director may provide for the registration of the bonds in the name of the owner as to principal alone, and as to both principal and interest under such terms and conditions as the director may determine, and shall sell the bonds in such manner as he or she may determine to be for the best interest of the state, taking into consideration the financial responsibility of the purchaser and the terms and conditions of the purchase and especially the availability of the proceeds of the bonds when required for payment of the cost of the project.

(k) The proceeds of the bonds shall be used solely for the payment of the cost of the project and shall be deposited and withdrawn as provided by section thirteen-g of this article, and under such further restrictions, if any, as the director may provide.

(l) If the proceeds of such bonds, by error in calculation or otherwise, shall be less than the cost of the project, additional bonds may in like manner be issued to provide the amount of the deficiency and, unless otherwise provided for in the trust agreement hereinafter mentioned, shall be deemed to be of the same issue and shall be entitled to payment from the same fund without preference or priority as the bonds before issued.

(m) If the proceeds of bonds issued for the project shall exceed the cost thereof, the surplus shall be paid into a special fund to be established for payment of the principal and interest of the bonds as specified in the trust agreement provided for in the following section. The fund may be used for the purchase of any of the outstanding bonds payable from such fund at the market price, but not exceeding the price, if any, which bonds shall in the same year be redeemable, and all bonds redeemed or purchased shall forthwith be canceled and shall not again be issued. Prior to the preparation of definitive bonds, the director may, under like restrictions, issue temporary bonds with or without coupons exchangeable for definitive bonds upon the issuance of the latter. The revenue bonds may be issued without any other proceedings or the happening of any other conditions or things than those proceedings, conditions and things which are specified and required herein or by the constitution of the state.


WVC 20 - 5 - 6 §20-5-6. Tax exemption.
The exercise of the powers granted to the director herein will be in all respects for the benefit of the people of the state, for the improvement of their health, safety, convenience and welfare and for the enhancement of their recreational opportunities and is a public purpose. As the operation and maintenance of park development projects will constitute the performance of essential government functions, the director shall not be required to pay any taxes or assessments upon any park development projects or upon any property acquired or used by the director or upon the income therefrom, other than taxes collected from the consumer pursuant to article fifteen, chapter eleven of this code. The bonds and notes and all interest and income thereon shall be exempt from all taxation by this state or any county, municipality, political subdivision or agency thereof, except inheritance taxes.


WVC 20 - 5 - 7 §20-5-7. Investment in notes, bonds and security interests.
The notes, bonds and security interests of the director are hereby made securities in which the state board of investments, all insurance businesses, all banking institutions, trust companies, building and loan associations, savings and loan associations may invest and upon which notes, security interests or bonds become subject to redemption plus accrued interest to such date. Upon the purchase, the notes, security interests or bonds shall be canceled.


WVC 20 - 5 - 8 §20-5-8. Disclaimer of any liability of state of West Virginia.

The state of West Virginia shall not be liable on notes, security interests or bonds or other evidences of indebtedness of the director and the notes, security interests or bonds or other evidence of indebtedness shall not be a debt of the state of West Virginia and the notes, security interests or bonds or other evidence of indebtedness shall contain on the face thereof a statement to such effect.


WVC 20 - 5 - 9 §20-5-9. Trustee for holders of park development revenue bonds.
The director may enter into an agreement or agreements with any trust company, or with any bank having the powers of a trust company, either within or outside the state, as trustee for the holders of bonds issued hereunder, setting forth therein the duties of the state and of the director in respect to acquisition, construction, improvement, maintenance, operation, repair and insurance of the project, the conservation and application of all moneys, the insurance of moneys on hand or on deposit and the rights and remedies of the trustee and the holders of the bonds, as may be agreed upon with the original purchasers of the bonds, and including therein provisions restricting the individual right of action of bondholders as is customary in trust agreements respecting bonds and debentures of corporations, protecting and enforcing the rights and remedies of the trustee and the bondholders and providing for approval by the original purchaser of the bonds of the appointment of consulting architects, and of the security given by those who contract to construct the project, and by any bank or trust company in which the proceeds of bonds or rentals shall be deposited, and for approval by the consulting architects of all contracts for construction. All expenses incurred in carrying out the agreement may be treated as a part of the cost of maintenance, operation and repair of the project.


WVC 20 - 5 - 10 §20-5-10. Proceeds of park development revenue bonds, grants and gifts.
The proceeds of all bonds sold for any park development project and the proceeds of any grant or gift received by the director for any project financed by the issuance of park development revenue bonds shall be paid to the treasurer of the state of West Virginia, who shall not commingle the funds with any other moneys, but shall deposit them in a separate bank account or accounts. The moneys in the accounts shall be paid by the treasurer on requisition of the director or any other person as the director may authorize to make such requisition. All deposits of the moneys shall, if required by the treasurer or the director, be secured by obligation of the United States, of the state of West Virginia, or of the director, of a market value equal at all times to the amount of the deposit and all banking institutions are authorized to give such deposits.


WVC 20 - 5 - 11 §20-5-11. Authority of director to pledge revenue from recreational facilities as security.
The director, with the approval of the governor, shall have authority to pledge all revenue derived from any project as security for any bonds issued to defray the cost of the project. In any case in which the director may deem it advisable, he or she shall also have the authority to pledge the revenue derived from any existing recreational facilities under his or her control, or any state park or forest, as additional security for the payment of any bonds issued under the provisions of this article to pay the cost of any park development project.


WVC 20 - 5 - 12 §20-5-12. Management and control of project.
The division shall properly maintain, repair, operate, manage and control the project, fix the rates of rental and establish bylaws and rules for the use and operation of the project and may make and enter into all contracts or agreements necessary and incidental to the performance of its duties and the execution of its powers hereunder.


WVC 20 - 5 - 13 §20-5-13. Provisions of constitution and law observed; what approval required.
It shall not be necessary to secure from any officer or board not named in this article any approval or consent, or any certificate or finding, or to hold an election, or to take any proceedings whatever, either for the construction of any project, or the improvement, maintenance, operation or repair thereof, or for the issuance of bonds hereunder, except as are prescribed by these provisions or are required by the constitution of this state.

Nothing contained herein shall be so construed or interpreted as to authorize or permit the incurring of state debt of any kind or nature as contemplated by the provisions of the constitution of the state in relation to state debt.


WVC 20 - 5 - 14 §20-5-14. Restaurants and other facilities.
The director may, on all areas under his or her jurisdiction and control, operate commissaries, restaurants and other establishments for the convenience of the public. For these purposes the director may purchase equipment, foodstuffs, supplies and commodities according to law.


WVC 20 - 5 - 15 §20-5-15. Authority to enter into certain operational contracts; terms and conditions; necessity for legislative notice and public hearing before certain facilities are placed under contract.
(a) The director may enter into a contract with a person, firm, corporation, foundation or public agency for the operation of a commissary, restaurant, recreational facility or other establishment within the state parks and public recreational system, for a duration not to exceed ten years, but the contract may provide for an option to renew at the director's discretion for an additional term or terms not to exceed ten years at the time of renewal. Prior to initiating of a contract for the operation of a state park lodge, cabin, campground, gift shop, golf facility, including pro shop operations, or ski facility, the director shall submit written notice of the specific location subject to the contract to the Legislature by letter to the Senate President and the Speaker of the House of Delegates.

(b) Prior to initiating a contract for a previously state-operated state park lodge, cabin, campground, gift shop, golf facility, including pro shop operations, or ski facility, the director shall conduct a public hearing to be held at a reasonable time and place within the county in which the facility is located. Notice of the time, place and purpose of the public hearing shall be provided as a Class II legal advertisement in accordance with the provisions of section two, article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code which notice shall be given at least for the first publication twenty days in advance of said hearing.

(c) Any contract entered into by the director shall provide an obligation upon the part of the operator that he or she maintain a level of performance satisfactory to the director and shall further provide that any contract may be terminated by the director in the event he or she determines that the performance is unsatisfactory and has given the operator reasonable notice of the termination.


WVC 20 - 5 - 16 §20-5-16. Authority to enter into contracts with third parties to construct recreational facilities and cabins; public comment.
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary, in addition to all other powers and authority vested in the director, he or she is hereby authorized and empowered to:

(1) Enter into contracts with third parties for the financing, construction and operation of recreational, lodging and ancillary facilities at Chief Logan State Park, Beech Fork State Park, Tomlinson Run State Park, Stonewall Jackson Lake State Park, Lost River State Park and Canaan Valley Resort State Park. The contracts may allow and recognize both direct and subsidiary investment arrangements. The term of the contracts may not exceed a period of twenty-five years, at which time the full title to the recreational facilities shall vest in the state, except as otherwise provided in this section;

(2) Enter into contracts with third parties for the construction, but not the operation, of cabins at any state park or forest. Upon completion of the construction of the cabins, full title to the cabins shall immediately vest in the state and the cabins shall be operated by the parks and recreation section;

(3) Authorize the construction of at least five cabins by any single third party in state parks and state forests which do not offer the facilities on the effective date of this subsection; and

(4) Propose emergency and legislative rules, in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, that set the conditions upon which the director may enter into a contract with a single third party proposing to construct cabins.

(b) All contracts shall be presented to the Joint Committee on Government and Finance for review and comment prior to execution.

(c) A contract may provide for renewal for the purpose of permitting continued operation of the facilities at the option of the director for a term or terms not to exceed ten years.

(d) Except as otherwise authorized by this section, no extension or renewal beyond the original twenty-five year term may be executed by the director absent the approval of the Joint Committee on Government and Finance.

(e) Stonewall Jackson Lake State Park. --

(1) With respect to the financing, construction and operation of lodging at Stonewall Jackson Lake State Park, in addition to the lodging in existence as of the first day of July, two thousand eight, contracts entered into pursuant to this section may grant, convey or provide for commercially reasonable lodging usage and related rights and privileges all on terms and conditions as the director may deem appropriate, desirable or necessary to attract private investment for the construction of additional lodging units.

(2) No contracts may be entered into prior to the preparation of lodging unit development plans and standard lodging unit contract documents in a form and at a level of detail acceptable to the United States Army Corps of Engineers and the director, and subsequent to the presentation of the lodging unit development plans and standard lodging unit contract documents to the Joint Committee on Government and Finance for review and comment.

(3) At a minimum, the lodging unit development plans and standard lodging unit contracts shall comply with the following requirements:

(A) That no more than one hundred additional lodging units may be constructed, in addition to the lodging in existence as of the first day of July, two thousand eight;

(B) That lodging unit contracts, with respect to any additional lodging units that may be financed, constructed or operated pursuant to the provision of this section, shall generally conform to the contracts entered into by federal agencies or the National Park Service with private parties regarding privately financed property that is constructed, developed or operated on public lands administered by federal agencies or the National Park Service, subject to modification and adaptation by the director as the director deems appropriate, suitable and relevant to any lodging units to be constructed at Stonewall Jackson Lake State Park.

(C) That a party granted rights and privileges under lodging unit contracts awarded under the provisions of this subsection shall have the right to renew his, her or its lodging unit contract for successive terms not to extend beyond the termination date of the state's lease with the United States Army Corps of Engineers; or, in the event that the state's lease with the United States Army Corps of Engineers is extended beyond the termination date of the lease as of the first day of July, two thousand seven, not to exceed five ten-year extensions or renewals beyond the termination date of the lease between the state and the United States Army Corps of Engineers in effect as of the first day of July, two thousand seven: Provided, That the party extended the renewal rights is in compliance with all material rights, duties and obligations arising under his, her or its contract and all relevant and applicable provisions of federal, state and local laws, rules, regulations, contracts or agreements at the time of renewal: Provided, however, That if and in the event the director makes an affirmative determination that further renewals beyond the time periods set forth in this subsection are in the best interest of the state and Stonewall Jackson Lake State Park, giving due consideration to financial, operational and other considerations deemed relevant and material by the director, that the director may authorize further renewals;

(D) That all rights and privileges arising under a lodging unit contract shall be transferred to the state or the state's designee upon the expiration or termination of the contract, upon the terms and conditions as each contract may provide or as may otherwise be agreed upon between the parties;

(E) That the state is not, and cannot be, obligated for any costs, expenses, fees or other charges associated with the development of the additional lodging units under this subsection or the operation and maintenance of the additional lodging units over time, including, but not limited to, costs associated with infrastructure improvements associated with development or operation of the additional lodging units. In his or her discretion, the director may engage professionals to assist the state in connection with its review and oversight of development of the additional lodging units;

(F) That at any time following the initial term and first renewal period of any lodging unit contract entered into with a private party with respect to an additional lodging unit that is constructed under this section, the state shall have the right and option, in its sole discretion, to purchase a lodging unit or lodging units in accordance with the provisions of this subsection and any and all contracts that may be entered into from time to time under this section;

(G) That at its sole option and discretion, the state may elect to purchase a lodging unit from a private party. In that event, the private party shall be paid the fair value of the private party's residual rights and privileges under the lodging unit contract, the residual rights and privileges to be valued generally in accordance with the valuation standards set forth in the National Park Service's standard contract provisions, or other relevant federal agency standards applicable to similar or like contract rights and provisions as may be in existence at the time of transfer, all as the same may be deemed relevant and appropriate by the director, and all in the exercise of the director's reasonable discretion. Nothing in this section is intended or shall be construed to impose an obligation on the state to purchase, buy, buy out or otherwise acquire or pay for any lodging unit under this section, or to limit the right and ability of a private party to donate or contribute his, her or its interest in and to any lodging unit constructed under this section to the state or any charitable foundation that may be established and operating from time to time to support the continued operation and development of Stonewall Jackson Lake State Park;

(H) That the state shall have no obligation whatsoever to purchase, buy, buy out or otherwise acquire or pay for any lodging unit that is developed or constructed under this section; and

(I) The director shall have the right to review and approve the form and content of all contracts that may be entered into pursuant to this subsection in connection with the development, operation and maintenance of additional lodging units at Stonewall Jackson Lake State Park.


WVC 20 - 5 - 17 §20-5-17. Correlation of projects and services.
The director of the division of natural resources shall correlate and coordinate park and recreation programs, projects and developments with the functions and services of other offices and sections of the division and other agencies of the state government so as to provide, consistent with the provisions of this chapter, suitable and adequate facilities, landscaping, personnel and other services at and about all state parks and public recreation facilities under his or her jurisdiction.


WVC 20 - 5 - 18 §20-5-18. Discounts for West Virginia residents over the age of sixty-two.
The director shall provide to West Virginia citizens who are sixty-two years of age or older, and who document residency and age by a valid West Virginia driver's license, a fifty percent reduction in campground rental fees for each campsite to be used exclusively by said eligible camper: Provided, That the fifty percent reduction in campground rental fees shall only apply to those rentals occurring during the period of time beginning on the day after Labor Day and ending four days prior to Memorial day.


WVC 20 - 5 - 19 §20-5-19. Discounts for West Virginia residents who are totally and permanently disabled.
The director shall issue a discount card to West Virginia residents who are totally and permanently disabled which would provide a fifty percent reduction in campground rental fees for each campsite to be used exclusively by the eligible camper: Provided, That in order to be eligible for the reduction, the person shall document that he or she is a resident of this state and that he or she has a total and permanent disability. The director shall promulgate rules in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code setting forth the documentation which is necessary to prove residency and total and permanent disability: Provided, however, That the fifty percent reduction in campground rental fees applies only to those rentals occurring during the period of time beginning on the day after Labor Day and ending four days prior to Memorial Day.


WVC 20 - 5 - 20 §20-5-20.
Repealed.

Acts, 2010 Reg. Sess., Ch. 32.
WVC 20 - 5 - 21 §20-5-21. Legislative findings relating to the historical town of Cass; powers of the director to preserve the integrity of the town and to promulgate rules therefor.

(a) The Legislature finds:

(1) That preserving heritage is essential to promoting the education, prosperity and general welfare of the people of this state;

(2) That the town of Cass, in Pocahontas County, is one of the few remaining historical logging towns in the United States and has been recognized as such by the national registry of historic places;

(3) That the town of Cass is richly endowed with numerous historic buildings, structures and sites, both public and private, which are representative of the historical and cultural heritage of the state of West Virginia;

(4) That historic buildings, structures and sites in the town of Cass should be identified, studied, preserved and protected for the general welfare of the residents of this state and this nation;

(5) That preserving and protecting the historical buildings, structures and sites in the town of Cass will aid economic development in Pocahontas County and surrounding areas, lead to the improvement of property values, enhance this state's attraction of tourists and visitors and contribute to education in this state by preserving such heritage for future generations; and

(6) That it is in the public policy and the public interest of this state to engage in a comprehensive program of historic preservation within the area designated as the town of Cass by the national registry of historic places and to promote the use and preservation of such heritage for the education and general welfare of the people of this state.

Accordingly, this section shall be broadly construed in order to accomplish the purposes herein set forth.

(b) To carry out the purposes of this section within the jurisdictional limits of the town of Cass as designated by the national registry of historic places, the director may:

(1) Make a survey of buildings, structures and sites and designate as historic landmarks those principal buildings, structures and sites that are of local, regional, statewide or national historical or architectural significance;

(2) Mark buildings, structures and sites with appropriately designated markers with the consent of the property owners;

(3) Acquire by purchase, gift or lease and administer historic landmarks, buildings, structures and sites;

(4) Review applications for certificates of appropriateness and grant or deny the same in accordance with the provisions of this section;

(5) Establish standards for the care and management of designated historic landmarks, buildings, structures and sites and, for failure of the owner to maintain the standards as prescribed, withdraw any certificate of appropriateness;

(6) Seek the advice and assistance of individuals, groups and government entities that are conducting historical preservation programs and coordinate the same insofar as possible;

(7) Seek and accept grants, gifts, bequests, endowments or other funds to accomplish the purposes of this section; and

(8) Propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code for the protection of the historic integrity of the town of Cass and to effectuate the purposes of this section with regard to the use of lands both public and private within the town of Cass.


WVC 20 - 5 - 22 §20-5-22. Powers and duties of the director relating to oil and gas access roads on state forests.
(a) In addition to the requirements of article six, chapter twenty-two of this code, a party applying for the well work permit within a state forest shall publish a Class I-O legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code in a qualified newspaper at least sixty days prior to submitting an application with the Department of Environmental Protection. The notice shall state that the Division of Natural Resources will accept public comments prior to the party's application to the Department of Environmental Protection and shall give a postal address and an email address where the public may file comments.

(b) For all new oil and gas road construction proposed in subsection (a) of this section within state forests, written notice shall be provided to the Director, the Division of Forestry and the State Forest Superintendent by the party applying for the well work permit forty-five days before the application of the well work permit is filed with the Department of Environmental Protection.

(c) For routine maintenance of the access roads within the state forest, notice shall be provided to the Director, the Director of the Division of Forestry and the State Forest Superintendent by the well operator for maintenance of the well access road five days before the motorized equipment is to enter the state forest except in the event of an emergency.

(d) The Director of the Division of Natural Resources shall propose emergency and legislative rules in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine of this code in consultation with the Department of Environmental Protection and the Division of Forestry that set forth the conditions upon which the permittee may access the land for the purpose of well work in a state forest as permitted by law.


WVC 20 - 5 A- ARTICLE 5A. WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT.


WVC 20 - 5 A- 1 §§20-5A-1 to 20-5A-24.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 5 B- ARTICLE 5B. NATURAL STREAMS PRESERVATION ACT.


WVC 20 - 5 B- 1 §§20-5B-1 to 20-5B-17.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 5 C- ARTICLE 5C. WEST VIRGINIA WATER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY.


WVC 20 - 5 C- 1 §§20-5C-1 to 20-5C-24.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 5 D- ARTICLE 5D. DAM CONTROL ACT.


WVC 20 - 5 D- 1 §§20-5D-1 to 20-5D-19.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 5 E- ARTICLE 5E. HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT.


WVC 20 - 5 E- 1 §§20-5E-1 to 20-5E-25.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 5 F- ARTICLE 5F. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT.


WVC 20 - 5 F- 1 §§20-5F-1 to 20-5F-12.
Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 5 G- ARTICLE 5G. HAZARDOUS WASTE EMERGENCY RESPONSE FUND.


WVC 20 - 5 G- 1 §§20-5G-1 to 20-5G-6.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 5 H- ARTICLE 5H. WEST VIRGINIA UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK ACT.


WVC 20 - 5 H- 1 §§20-5H-1 to 20-5H-23.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 5 I- ARTICLE 5I. WATER POLLUTION CONTROL REVOLVING FUND ACT.


WVC 20 - 5 I- 1 §§20-5I-1 to 20-5I-8.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 5 J- ARTICLE 5J. MEDICAL WASTE ACT.


WVC 20 - 5 J- 1 §20-5J-1. Short title.

This article shall be known and cited as the "West Virginia Medical Waste Act."


WVC 20 - 5 J- 2 §20-5J-2. Legislative findings and purpose.

The Legislature finds that the proper and environmentally-sound disposal of infectious and noninfectious medical waste is an important issue facing all West Virginians.

The Legislature further finds that effective controls for the management of medical waste are necessary to ensure the protection of the public health, safety and welfare, and the environment.

The Legislature further finds that regulation of the generation, handling, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal of medical waste is an important and necessary function of state government.

The Legislature further finds that toxic pollutants emitted by medical waste incinerators are an important public health hazard.

The Legislature further finds that commercial incineration of medical waste, and its transportation in the infectious state, pose a potentially serious threat to the health, safety and welfare of West Virginians.

The Legislature further finds that safe and cost-effective alternatives to the incineration of infectious and noninfectious medical waste should be encouraged.

The Legislature further finds that the public interest is best served by:

(1) Efforts to reduce the volume of medical waste generated at all levels;

(2) On-site separation and treatment of infectious medical waste;

(3) Treatment and disposal of infectious medical waste in local infectious medical waste management facilities; and

(4) Treatment and disposal in approved regional infectious waste management facilities when administrative proceedings result in a finding that on-site or local treatment of infectious medical waste is not feasible.

The Legislature further finds that local responsibility for the minimization in volume, and for the treatment and disposal of infectious and noninfectious medical waste is an important part of a sound and rational waste management program.

The Legislature further finds that small quantity generators of infectious medical waste should either render such waste noninfectious on-site, or properly label and package the waste for transportation to a local infectious waste management facility for proper treatment and disposal.

The Legislature further finds that generators of medical waste should be informed and educated in its management; that training should be provided to all workers likely to come in contact with medical waste, including in-home health care workers; and that relevant information on the potential for infection and disease related to medical waste should be made available to the general public, including in-home health care patients.

The Legislature further finds that the necessity for transporting infectious medical waste be minimized, and that any infectious medical waste transported be safely packaged and identified by source and content.

The Legislature further finds that public policy favors a reduction in the volume of infectious and noninfectious medical waste, the separation of infectious medical waste from noninfectious medical waste, and that efforts to reduce medical waste should be fostered and strongly encouraged at all levels of generation.

The Legislature further finds that noninfectious medical waste is solid waste.

The Legislature further finds that noninfectious medical waste should be handled by environmentally sound disposal technologies, and that alternative disposal technologies promoting safe recycling and limiting the need for incineration should be emphasized, developed and utilized.

Therefore, it is the policy of the state of West Virginia to prohibit commercial infectious medical waste facilities; to regulate and control the generation, handling, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal of infectious and noninfectious medical waste; to reduce the generation of infectiousand noninfectious medical waste; to encourage local responsibility for the minimization, management and disposal of infectious and noninfectious medical waste; and to authorize the department of health and human resources to promulgate rules and regulations necessary to carry out the purposes of this article.


WVC 20 - 5 J- 3 §20-5J-3. Definitions.

As used in this article:

(1) "Commercial infectious medical waste facility" means any infectious medical waste management facility at which thirty-five percent or more by weight of the total infectious medical waste stored, treated, or disposed of by said facility in any calendar year is generated off-site.

(2) "Disposal" means the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking or placing of any infectious medical waste into or on any land or water so that such waste, or any constituent thereof, may be emitted into the air, discharged into any waters, including groundwater, or otherwise enter into the environment.

(3) "Generator" means any person, by site location, whose act or process produces medical waste.

(4) "Hospital" means an institution which is primarily engaged in providing to inpatients, by or under the supervision of physicians, diagnostic and therapeutic services for medical diagnosis, treatment and care of injured, disabled or sick persons or services for the rehabilitation of injured, disabled or sick persons. This term also includes psychiatric and tuberculosis hospitals.

(5) "Infectious medical waste" means medical waste identified as capable of producing an infectious disease. Medical waste shall be considered capable of producing an infectious disease if it has been, or is likely to have been, contaminated by an organism likely to be pathogenic to healthy humans, if such organism is not routinely and freely available in the community, and such organism has a significant probability of being present in sufficient quantities and with sufficient virulence to transmit disease. For the purposes of this article, infectious medical waste shall include the following:

(A) Cultures and stocks of microorganisms and biologicals;

(B) Blood and blood products;

(C) Pathological wastes;

(D) Sharps;

(E) Animal carcasses, body parts, bedding and related wastes;

(F) Isolation wastes;

(G) Any residue or contaminated soil, water or other debris resulting from the cleanup of a spill of any infectious medical waste; and

(H) Any waste contaminated by or mixed with infectious medical waste.

(6) "Medical waste" means infectious and noninfectious solid waste generated in the course of the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals, or in research pertaining thereto, or in the production or testing of biologicals. Such term does not include low-level radioactive waste, any hazardous waste identified or listed under Subtitle C, or any household waste as defined in the regulations promulgated pursuant to Subtitle C.

(7) "Noncommercial infectious medical waste facility" means any infectious medical waste facility at which less than thirty-five percent by weight of the total infectious medical waste stored, treated or disposed of by said facility in any calendar year is generated off-site.

(8) "Noninfectious medical waste" means any medical waste not capable of producing an infectious disease or infectious medical waste which has been rendered noninfectious. Noninfectious medical waste is considered solid waste for purposes of this code.

(9) "Off-site" means a facility or area for the collection, storage, transfer, processing, treatment or disposal of infectious medical waste that is not on the generator's site, or a facility or area that received infectious medical waste for storage or treatment that has not been generated on-site.

(10) "On-site" means the same or geographically contiguous property which may be divided by a public or private right-of-way, provided the entrance and exit between the properties is at a crossroads intersection, and access is by crossing, as opposed to going along, the right-of-way. Noncontiguous properties owned by the same person but connected by a right-of-way controlled by saidperson and to which the public does not have access is also considered on-site property. Hospitals with more than one facility located in the same county shall be considered one site.

(11) "Secretary" means the secretary of the department of health and human resources or his or her designee.

(12) "Small quantity generator" means any generator of infectious medical waste who generates fifty pounds or less during a one-month period.

(13) "Storage" means the containment of infectious medical waste on a temporary basis. Storage shall not constitute disposal of the waste.

(14) "Subtitle C" means Subtitle C of the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, 90 Stat. 2806, as amended.

(15) "Treatment" means any method, technique or process, including neutralization, designed to change the physical, chemical or biological character or composition of any infectious medical waste so as to render such waste noninfectious.


WVC 20 - 5 J- 4 §20-5J-4. Commercial infectious medical waste facility prohibited.

It shall be unlawful to construct or operate a commercial infectious medical waste facility in the state of West Virginia: Provided, That the secretary may authorize an exception to this prohibition solely for facilities not utilizing incineration technology in any form, including the manufacture or burning of refuse derived fuel: Provided, however, That such an exception may be granted only following: (1) The promulgation of legislative rules, in accordance with the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, containing guidelines for such an exception that are being fully consistent with the findings and purposes contained in section two of this article; (2) a public hearing on the record in the region affected by the proposed facility; (3) an investigation of the infectious medical waste stream in the region affected by the proposed facility; and (4) a determination that programs to minimize and reduce the infectious medical waste stream have been implemented.


WVC 20 - 5 J- 5 §20-5J-5. Designation of secretary of the department of health and human resources as the state infectious medical waste management primary agency; prohibitions; requiring permits.

(a) The secretary is hereby designated as the infectious medical waste management primary agency for this state and is hereby authorized to take all action necessary or appropriate to secure to this state the benefits of this legislation pertaining to infectious medical waste. In carrying out the purposes of this article, the secretary is hereby authorized to cooperate with agencies of the federal government, this state and other states, and other interested persons, in all matters relating to medical waste management.

(b) On or after the first day of October, one thousand nine hundred ninety-one, no person may own, construct, modify, operate or close any facility or site for the treatment, storage or disposal of infectious medical waste, nor shall any person store, treat or dispose of any such infectious medical waste without first obtaining a permit from the secretary, unless specifically excluded or exempted by rules promulgated by the secretary.


WVC 20 - 5 J- 6 §20-5J-6. Powers of secretary; authority to promulgate rules.

(a) The secretary shall promulgate legislative rules, in accordance with the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, necessary to effectuate the findings and purposes of this article. Said rules shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

(1) A plan designed to encourage and foster reduction in the volume of infectious and noninfectious medical waste and the separation of infectious and noninfectious medical waste;

(2) Guidelines and procedures for the development and implementation of local infectious medical waste management plans, to be followed by all generators, that set forth proper methods for the management of infectious and noninfectious medical waste;

(3) Criteria for identifying the characteristics of infectious medical waste and identifying the characteristics of noninfectious medical waste;

(4) Standards applicable to generators of medical waste necessary to protect public health, safety and the environment, which standards shall establish requirements respecting:

(A) Record-keeping practices that accurately identify the quantities of infectious medical waste generated, the constituents thereof which are significant in quantity or in potential harm to human health or the environment, and the disposition of such waste;

(B) Labeling practices for containers used in the storage, transportation or disposal of infectious medical waste which will accurately identify such waste;

(C) Use of appropriate containers for infectious medical waste;

(D) Furnishing of information regarding the general composition of infectious medical wastes to persons transporting, treating, storing or disposing of such waste;

(E) Use of a manifest system and other reasonable means to assure that all infectious medical waste is designated for and arrives at treatment, storage or disposal facilities for which the secretary has issued permits, other than facilities on the premises where the waste is generated; and

(F) The submission of reports to the secretary, at such times as the secretary deems necessary, setting out the quantity of infectious medical waste generated during a particular time period, and the disposition of such infectious medical waste;

(5) Performance standards applicable to owners and operators of facilities for the treatment, storage or disposal of infectious medical waste necessary to protect public health and safety and the environment, which standards shall include, but need not be limited to, requirements respecting:

(A) Maintaining records of all infectious medical waste and the manner in which such waste was treated, stored or disposed of;

(B) Reporting, monitoring and inspection of and compliance with the manifest system referred to in subdivision (4), subsection (a) of this section;

(C) Treatment, storage or disposal of all infectious medical waste received by the facility pursuant to operating methods, techniques and practices as may be satisfactory to the secretary;

(D) The location, design and construction of infectious medical waste treatment, disposal or storage facilities;

(E) Contingency plans for effective action to minimize unanticipated damage from any treatment, storage or disposal of infectious medical waste;

(F) The maintenance or operation of such facilities and requiring additional qualifications as to ownership, continuity of operation, training for personnel and financial responsibility as may be necessary or desirable: Provided, That no private entity may be precluded by reason of criteria established under this subsection from the ownership or operation of facilities providing infectious medical waste treatment, storage or disposal services where such entity can provide assurances of financial responsibility and continuity of operation consistent with the degree and duration of risks associated with the treatment, storage or disposal of infectious medical waste; and

(G) Compliance with the requirements of this article respecting permits for treatment, storage or disposal;

(6) The terms and conditions under which the secretary shall issue, modify, suspend, revoke or deny permits required by this article. The legislative rules required by this subdivision shall be promulgated by the first day of August, one thousand nine hundred ninety-one;

(7) Establishing and maintaining records; making reports; taking samples and performing tests and analyses; installing, calibrating, operating and maintaining monitoring equipment or methods; and providing any other information necessary to achieve the purposes of this article;

(8) Standards and procedures for the certification of personnel at infectious medical waste treatment, storage or disposal facilities or sites;

(9) Procedures for public participation in the implementation of this article;

(10) Procedures and requirements for the use of manifests during the transportation of infectious medical wastes;

(11) Procedures and requirements for the submission and approval of a plan by the owners or operators of infectious medical waste storage, treatment and disposal facilities, for closure of such facilities, post-closure monitoring and maintenance, and for both sudden and nonsudden accidental occurrences; and

(12) A schedule of fees to recover the costs of processing permit applications and renewals, training, enforcement, inspections and program development.

(b) The legislative rules required by subsection (a) shall be promulgated within six months after the effective date of this article.

(c) Within twelve months after the effective date of this article, the secretary shall conduct and publish a study of infectious medical waste management in this state which shall include, but not be limited to:

(1) A description of the sources of infectious medical waste generation within the state, including the types and quantities of such waste;

(2) A description of current infectious medical waste management practices and costs, including treatment, storage and disposal within the state; and

(3) An inventory of existing infectious medical waste treatment, storage and disposal sites.

(d) Any person aggrieved or adversely affected by an order of the secretary pursuant to this article, or by the denial or issuance of a permit, or the failure or refusal of said secretary to act within a reasonable time on an application for a permit or the terms or conditions of a permit granted under the provisions of this article, may appeal to a special hearing examiner appointed to hear contested cases in accordance with the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code. The secretary shall promulgate legislative rules establishing procedures for appeal and the conduct of hearings.

(e) In addition to those enforcement and inspection powers conferred upon the secretary elsewhere by law, the secretary has the enforcement and inspection powers as provided in sections seven, eight and nine of this article.

(f) Nothing in this section diminishes or alters the authority of the director of the division of environmental protection under article five, chapter twenty-two of this code.


WVC 20 - 5 J- 7 §20-5J-7. Inspections; right of entry; sampling; reports and analyses; subpoenas.

(a) The secretary, upon the presentation of proper credentials and at reasonable times, may enter any building, property, premises, place, vehicle or permitted facility where infectious medical wastes are or have been generated, treated, stored, transported or disposed of for the purpose of promptly investigating any person's compliance with the provisions of this article, legislative rules or permits issued by the secretary.

(b) The secretary shall make periodic inspections of every permitted facility as necessary to effectively implement and enforce the requirements of this article or the legislative rules promulgated by or permits issued by the secretary. After an inspection is made, a report shall be prepared and filed with the secretary. A copy of such inspection report shall be promptly furnished to the person in charge of such building, property, premises, place, vehicle or facility. All inspection reports shall be available to the public in accordance with the provisions of article one, chapter twenty-nine-b of this code.

(c) Whenever the secretary has cause to believe that any person is in violation of any provision of this article, any condition of a permit issued by the secretary, any order or any legislative rule promulgated by the secretary under this article, he shall immediately order an inspection of the building, property, premises, place, vehicle or permitted facility at which the alleged violation is occurring.

(d) Upon presentation of proper credentials and at reasonable times, the secretary may enter any establishment, building, property, premises, vehicle or other place maintained by any person where infectious medical waste is being or has been generated, transported, stored, treated or disposed of to inspect and take samples of waste and the contents of any containers. The division shall promptly provide a copy of any analysis to the owner, operator or agent in charge.

(e) Upon presentation of proper credentials and at reasonable times, the secretary shall be given access to all records relating to the generation, transportation, storage, treatment or disposal of infectious medical waste in the possession of any person who generates, stores, treats, transports, disposes of, or otherwise handles or has handled such waste. The secretary shall be furnished with copies of all such records or given the records for the purpose of making copies. If the secretary, upon inspection, investigation or through other means, observes or learns of a violation or probable violation of this article, he is authorized to issue subpoenas and subpoenas duces tecum and to order the attendance and testimony of witnesses and to compel the production of any books, papers, documents, manifests and other physical evidence pertinent to such investigation or inspection.


WVC 20 - 5 J- 8 §20-5J-8. Enforcement orders; hearings.

(a) If the secretary, upon inspection, investigation or through other means observes, discovers or learns of a violation of the provisions of this article, any permit, order or legislative rules promulgated hereunder, he may:

(1) Issue an order stating with reasonable specificity the nature of the violation and requiring compliance immediately or within a specified time. An order issued under this section may suspend, revoke or modify permits, require a person to take remedial action, or require a person to cease and desist activities which violate the provisions of this article;

(2) Seek an injunction in accordance with subsection (b) of section nine of this article; or

(3) Institute a civil action in accordance with subsection (a) of section nine of this article.

(b) Any person who is subject to a cease and desist order may file a notice of request for reconsideration with the secretary within seven days of the issuance of the order. Within ten days of filing of the notice of a request for reconsideration, said person shall have a hearing before the secretary at which he may contest the terms and conditions of the cease and desist order. The filing of a notice of request for reconsideration shall not stay or suspend execution or enforcement of such cease and desist order.


WVC 20 - 5 J- 9 §20-5J-9. Civil actions and injunctive relief.

(a) Any person who violates any provision of this article, any permit or any rule or order issued pursuant to this article shall be subject to a civil penalty not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars for each day of such violation, which penalty shall be recovered in a civil action either in the circuit court of the county wherein the violation occurs or in the circuit court of Kanawha County.

(b) The secretary may seek an injunction, or may institute a civil action against any person who violates any provision of this article or any permit, legislative rule or order issued pursuant to this article. In seeking an injunction, it is not necessary for the secretary to post bond nor to allege or prove at any stage of the proceeding that irreparable harm will occur if the injunction is not issued or that there is no adequate remedy at law. A petition for an injunction filed pursuant to this section may be filed and relief granted notwithstanding the fact that all administrative remedies provided for in this article have not been exhausted or invoked against the person or persons against whom such relief is sought.

(c) At the request of the secretary, the attorney general, or the prosecuting attorney of the county in which the violation occurs, shall assist the secretary in any civil action under this section.

(d) In any action brought pursuant to the provisions of this section, the state, or any agency of the state which prevails, may be awarded costs and reasonable attorney's fees.


WVC 20 - 5 J- 10 §20-5J-10. Regulation of infectious medical waste collectors and haulers by the public service commission; limitation of regulation.

(a) On and after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-one, collectors, haulers and transporters of infectious medical waste who are "common carriers by motor vehicle," as defined in section two, article one, chapter twenty-four-a of this code, shall be regulated by the public service commission in accordance with the provisions of chapter twenty-four-a and rules promulgated thereunder. The rules of the public service commission shall not conflict nor take precedence over the rules promulgated by the secretary.

(b) The commission shall provide a separate and distinct category of special certificates of convenience and necessity for infectious medical waste collectors, haulers and transporters regulated by this section: Provided, That within six months of the effective date of this article, the commission may issue such special certificates to existing common carriers of solid waste who are presently transporting infectious medical waste and who demonstrate that they are in compliance with the provisions of this article: Provided, however, That such common carriers need not make any additional demonstration of public convenience and necessity. Regulation of collectors, haulers and transporters of medical waste shall be separate and distinct from the regulation of solid waste collectors, haulers and transporters provided for in section twenty-three, article three, chapter twenty-two-c of this code.

(c) At any hearing conducted by the public service commission pertaining to infectious medical waste collectors, haulers and transporters, the secretary may appear before the commission and present evidence.


WVC 20 - 5 K- ARTICLE 5K. COMMERCIAL INFECTIOUS MEDICAL WASTE FACILITY SITING APPROVAL.


WVC 20 - 5 K- 1 §20-5K-1. Legislative purpose.

The purpose of this article is to provide the opportunity for public participation in the decision to locate commercial infectious medical waste management facilities.


WVC 20 - 5 K- 2 §20-5K-2. Definitions.
Unless the context clearly requires a different meaning, as used in this article the terms:

(a) "Commercial infectious medical waste facility" means any infectious medical waste management facility at which thirty-five percent or more by weight of the total infectious medical waste stored, treated or disposed of by the facility in any calendar year is generated off-site.

(b) "Infectious medical waste" means medical waste identified as capable of producing an infectious disease. Medical waste shall be considered capable of producing an infectious disease if it has been, or is likely to have been, contaminated by an organism likely to be pathogenic to healthy humans, if such organism is not routinely and freely available in the community, and such organism has a significant probability of being present in sufficient quantities and with sufficient virulence to transmit disease. For the purposes of this article, infectious medical waste includes the following:

(1) Cultures and stocks of microorganisms and biologicals;

(2) Blood and blood products;

(3) Pathological wastes;

(4) Sharps;

(5) Animal carcasses, body parts, bedding and related wastes;

(6) Isolation wastes;

(7) Any residue or contaminated soil, water or other debrisresulting from the cleanup of a spill of any infectious medical waste; and

(8) Any waste contaminated by or mixed with infectious medical waste.

(c) "Off-site" means a facility or area for the collection, storage, transfer, processing, treatment or disposal of infectious medical waste that is not on the generator's site, or a facility or area that received infectious medical waste for storage or treatment that has not been generated on-site.

(d) "Secretary" means the secretary of the department of health and human resources or his or her designee.


WVC 20 - 5 K- 3 §20-5K-3. Procedure for public participation.
(a) From and after the effective date of this article, in order to obtain approval to locate a commercial infectious medical waste facility, currently not under permit to operate, an applicant shall:

(1) File a pre-siting notice with the county commission and local solid waste authority of the county or counties in which the facility is to be located or proposed. Such notice shall be submitted on forms prescribed by the secretary;

(2) File a pre-siting notice with the secretary; and

(3) File a pre-siting notice with the division of environmental protection.

(b) If a pre-siting notice is filed in accordance with subsection (a) of this section, the county commission shall publish a Class II legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, in a newspaper of general circulation in the counties wherein the commercial infectious medical waste facility is to be located. Upon an affirmative vote of the majority of the county commissioners or upon the written petition of registered voters residing in the county equal to not less than fifteen percent of the number of votes cast within the county for governor at the preceding gubernatorial election, which petition shall be filed with the county commission within sixty days after the last date of publication of the notice provided in this section, the countycommission shall, upon verification of the required number of signatures on the petition, and not less than fifty-six days before the election, order a referendum be placed upon the ballot. Any referendum conducted pursuant to this section shall be held at the next primary, general or other county-wide election:

(1) Such referendum is to determine whether it is the will of the voters of the county that a commercial infectious medical waste management facility be located in the county. Any election at which such question of locating a commercial infectious medical waste management facility is voted upon shall be held at the voting precincts established for holding primary or general elections. All of the provisions of the general election laws, when not in conflict with the provisions of this article, apply to voting and elections hereunder, insofar as practicable. The secretary of state shall prescribe the form of the petition which shall include the printed name, address and date of birth of each person whose signature appears on the petition.

(2) The ballot, or the ballot labels where voting machines are used, shall have printed thereon substantially the following depending upon the type of facility to be located within the county:

Shall a commercial infectious medical waste management facility be located within ______________________ County.

[ ] For the facility

[ ] Against the facility

(Place a cross mark in the square opposite your choice.)

(3) If a majority of the legal votes cast upon the question is against the facility, then the county commission shall notify the local solid waste authority, the division of environmental protection and the secretary of the department of health and human resources of the result and the commercial infectious medical waste management facility may not proceed any further with the application. If a majority of the legal votes cast upon the question is for the facility, then the application process as set forth in article five-j of this chapter may proceed: Provided, That such vote is not binding on nor does it require the secretary to issue the permit. If the majority of the legal votes cast is against the question, the question may be submitted to a vote at any subsequent election in the manner herein specified: Provided, however, That the question may not be resubmitted to a vote until two years after the date of the previous referendum.


WVC 20 - 5 L- ARTICLE 5L
[RESERVED FOR FUTURE USE.]
WVC 20 - 5 M- ARTICLE 5M. WEST VIRGINIA GROUNDWATER PROTECTION ACT.


WVC 20 - 5 M- 1 §§20-5M-1 to 20-5M-16.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 5 N- ARTICLE 5N. SOLID WASTE LANDFILL CLOSURE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.


WVC 20 - 5 N- 1 §§20-5N-1 to 20-5N-13.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 6 - ARTICLE 6. WEST VIRGINIA SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION ACT.


WVC 20 - 6 - 1 §§20-6-1 to 20-6-43.

Repealed.

Acts, 1985 Reg. Sess., Ch. 77.


WVC 20 - 6 A- ARTICLE 6A. LIMITATIONS ON SURFACE MINING.


WVC 20 - 6 A- 1 §§20-6A-1 to 20-6A-2.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 6 B- ARTICLE 6B. INTERSTATE MINING COMPACT.


WVC 20 - 6 B- 1 §§20-6B-1 to 20-6B-4.

Repealed.

Acts, 1986 Reg. Sess., Ch. 153.


WVC 20 - 6 C- ARTICLE 6C. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION ACT.


WVC 20 - 6 C- 1 §§20-6C-1 to 20-6C-28.

Repealed.

Acts, 1985 Reg. Sess., Ch. 77.


WVC 20 - 6 D- ARTICLE 6D. SURFACE MINING AND RECLAMATION OF MINERALS OTHER THAN COAL (REPEALED).


WVC 20 - 6 D- 1 §§20-6D-1 to 20-6D-28.

Repealed.

Acts, 1985 Reg. Sess., Ch. 77.


WVC 20 - 7 - ARTICLE 7. LAW ENFORCEMENT, MOTORBOATING, LITTER.


WVC 20 - 7 - 1 §20-7-1. Chief natural resources police officer; natural resources police officers; special and emergency natural resources police officers; subsistence allowance; expenses.
          (a) The division's law-enforcement policies, practices and programs are under the immediate supervision and direction of the division law-enforcement officer selected by the director and designated as chief natural resources police officer as provided in section thirteen, article one of this chapter.

          (b) Under the supervision of the director, the chief natural resources police officer shall organize, develop and maintain law-enforcement practices, means and methods geared, timed and adjustable to seasonal, emergency and other needs and requirements of the division's comprehensive natural resources program. All division personnel detailed and assigned to law-enforcement duties and services under this section shall be known and designated as natural resources police officers and are under the immediate supervision and direction of the chief natural resources police officer except as otherwise provided. All natural resources police officers shall be trained, equipped and conditioned for duty and services wherever and whenever required by division law-enforcement needs.

          (c) The chief natural resources police officer, acting under supervision of the director, is authorized to select and appoint emergency natural resources police officers for a limited period for effective enforcement of the provisions of this chapter when considered necessary because of emergency or other unusual circumstances. The emergency natural resources police officers shall be selected from qualified civil service personnel of the division, except in emergency situations and circumstances when the director may designate officers, without regard to civil service requirements and qualifications, to meet law-enforcement needs. Emergency natural resources police officers shall exercise all powers and duties prescribed in section four of this article for full-time salaried natural resources police officers except the provisions of subdivision (8) of said section.

          (d) The chief natural resources police officer, acting under supervision of the director, is also authorized to select and appoint as special natural resources police officers any full-time civil service employee who is assigned to, and has direct responsibility for management of, an area owned, leased or under the control of the division and who has satisfactorily completed a course of training established and administered by the chief natural resources police officer, when the action is considered necessary because of law-enforcement needs. The powers and duties of a special natural resources police officer, appointed under this provision, is the same within his or her assigned area as prescribed for full-time salaried natural resources police officers. The jurisdiction of the person appointed as a special natural resources police officer, under this provision, shall be limited to the division area or areas to which he or she is assigned and directly manages.

          (e) The Director of the Division of Forestry is authorized to appoint and revoke Division of Forestry special natural resources police officers who are full-time civil service personnel who have satisfactorily completed a course of training as required by the Director of the Division of Forestry. The jurisdiction, powers and duties of Division of Forestry special natural resources police officers are set forth by the Director of the Division of Forestry pursuant to article three of this chapter, and articles one-a and one-b, chapter nineteen of this code.

          (f) The chief natural resources police officer, with the approval of the director, has the power and authority to revoke any appointment of an emergency natural resources police officer or of a special natural resources police officer at any time.

          (g) Natural resources police officers are subject to seasonal or other assignment and detail to duty whenever and wherever required by the functions, services and needs of the division.

          (h) The chief natural resources police officer shall designate the area of primary residence of each natural resources police officer, including himself or herself. Since the area of business activity of the division is actually anywhere within the territorial confines of the State of West Virginia, actual expenses incurred shall be paid whenever the duties are performed outside the area of primary assignment and still within the state.

          (i) Natural resources police officers shall receive, in addition to their base pay salary, a minimum monthly subsistence allowance for their required telephone service, dry cleaning or required uniforms, and meal expenses while performing their regular duties in their area of primary assignment in the amount of $130 each month. This subsistence allowance does not apply to special or emergency natural resources police officers appointed under this section.

          (j) After June 30, 2010, all those full time law-enforcement officers employed by the Division of Natural Resources as conservation officers shall be titled and known as natural resources police officers. Wherever used in this code the term "conservation officer," or its plural, means "natural resources police officer," or its plural, respectively.

          (k) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, the provisions of subdivision six, subsection c, section twelve, article twenty-one, chapter eleven of this code are inapplicable to pensions of natural resources police officers paid through the Public Employees Retirement System.
WVC 20 - 7 - 1 A §20-7-1a. Natural resources police officer salary increase based on length of service.
(a) Effective July 1, 2002, each natural resources police officer shall receive and be entitled to an increase in salary based on length of service, including that heretofore and hereafter served as a natural resources police officer as follows: For five years of service with the division, a natural resources police officer shall receive a salary increase of $600 per year payable during his or her next three years of service and a like increase at three-year intervals thereafter, with these increases to be cumulative. A salary increase shall be based upon years of service as of July 1 of each year and may not be recalculated until July 1 of the following year.

Conservation officers in service at the time the amendment to this section becomes effective shall be given credit for prior service and shall be paid salaries as the same length of service will entitle them to receive under the provisions hereof.

(b) This section does not apply to special or emergency natural resources police officers appointed under the authority of section one of this article.


WVC 20 - 7 - 1 B §20-7-1b. Designation of certain federal law-enforcement officers as special natural resources police officers.
The Legislature finds that it is in the mutual interest of the department and certain land management agencies of the United States to cooperate in the enforcement of state statutes and regulations within and adjacent to units of the National Park System, National Forests and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers projects located within the State of West Virginia.

Accordingly, the director of the department of natural resources may enter into a written agreement with a federal agency providing for the appointment of employees of the federal agency as special natural resources police officers and setting forth the terms and conditions within which the federal employees may exercise the powers and duties of special natural resources police officers. The terms and conditions in the agreement shall grant a special natural resources police officer appointed pursuant to the agreement the same powers and duties as prescribed for a full-time salaried natural resources police officer of the department, but shall limit a special natural resources police officer in the exercise of his or her powers and duties to areas within the boundaries of the federal units to which the officer is assigned in his or her federal employment and to situations outside the boundaries of the federal units where the exercise is for the mutual aid of natural resources police officers as set forth in the agreement.

Any federal employee whose duties involve the enforcement of the criminal laws of the United States and who possesses a valid law-enforcement certification issued by a federal land management agency which certifies the meeting of requirements at least equivalent to the law-enforcement officer training requirements promulgated pursuant to article twenty-nine, chapter thirty of this code, may be certified under the provisions of said article twenty-nine and appointed as a special natural resources police officer under the provisions of this section. Any special natural resources police officer so appointed may not receive compensation or benefits from the state or any political subdivisions thereof for the performance of his or her duties as a special natural resources police officer.


WVC 20 - 7 - 1 C §20-7-1c. Natural resources police officer, ranks, salary schedule, base pay, exceptions.
(a) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, the ranks within the law-enforcement section of the Division of Natural Resources are colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, captain, lieutenant, sergeant, corporal, natural resources police officer first class, senior natural resources police officer, natural resources police officer and natural resources police officer-in-training. Each officer while in uniform shall wear the insignia of rank as provided by the chief natural resources police officer.

(b) Beginning on July 1, 2002, and continuing thereafter, natural resources police officers shall be paid the minimum annual salaries based on the following schedule:

ANNUAL SALARY SCHEDULE (BASE PAY)

SUPERVISORY AND NONSUPERVISORY RANKS

Natural Resources

Police Officer In Training

(first year until end

of probation)$26,337

Natural Resources Police Officer

(second year)$29,768

Natural Resources Police

Officer (third year)$30,140

Senior Natural Resources

Police Officer (fourth and fifth year)$30,440

Senior Natural Resources

Police Officer First Class (after fifth year)$32,528

Senior Natural Resources

Police Officer (after tenth year)$33,104

Senior Natural Resources

Police Officer (after fifteenth year)$33,528

Corporal (after sixteenth year)$36,704

Sergeant$40,880

First Sergeant$42,968

Lieutenant$47,144

Captain$49,232

Major$51,320

Lieutenant Colonel$53,408

Colonel

Natural resources police officers in service at the time the amendment to this section becomes effective shall be given credit for prior service and shall be paid salaries as the same length of service will entitle them to receive under the provisions of this section.

(c) This section does not apply to special or emergency natural resources police officers appointed under the authority of section one of this article.

(d) Nothing in this section prohibits other pay increases as provided under section two, article five, chapter five of this code: Provided, That any across-the-board pay increase granted by the Legislature or the Governor will be added to, and reflected in, the minimum salaries set forth in this section; and that any merit increases granted to an officer over and above the annual salary schedule listed in subsection (b) of this section are retained by an officer when he or she advances from one rank to another.


WVC 20 - 7 - 1 D §20-7-1d. Awarding service revolver upon retirement; disposal of service weapon when replaced due to routine wear; and furnishing uniform for burial.
(a) Upon the retirement of any full-time salaried natural resources police officer, the chief natural resources police officer shall award to the retiring natural resources police officer his or her service revolver, without charge, upon determining:

(1) That the natural resources police officer is retiring honorably with at least twenty-five years of recognized law-enforcement service as determined by the chief natural resources police officer; or

(2) That the natural resources police officer is retiring with less than twenty-five years of service based upon a determination that he or she is totally physically disabled as a result of service with the division.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the chief natural resources police officer may not award a service revolver to any natural resources police officer who has been declared mentally incompetent by a licensed physician or any court of law, or who, in the opinion of the chief natural resources police officer, constitutes a danger to any person or the community.

(c) The disposal of law-enforcement service weapons, when replaced due to routine wear, does not fall under the jurisdiction of the agency for surplus property, within the Purchasing Division of the Department of Administration. The chief natural resources police officer may offer these surplus weapons for sale to any active or retired Division of Natural Resources law-enforcement officer, at fair market value, with the proceeds from any sales used to offset the cost of the new weapons.

(d) Upon the death of any current or honorably retired natural resources police officer, the chief natural resources police officer shall, upon request of the deceased officer's family, furnish a full uniform for burial of the deceased officer.


WVC 20 - 7 - 1 E §20-7-1e. Natural resources police officer performing duties for private persons; penalty; providing extraordinary law enforcement or security services by contract.
(a) Any natural resources police officer who hires himself or herself to any person, firm or corporation to guard private property, or who demands or receives from any person, firm or corporation any money or other thing of value as a consideration for the performance of, or the failure to perform, his or her duties under the regulations of the chief natural resources police officer and the provisions of this section, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $25 nor more than $200, or confined in jail for not more than four months, or both fined and confined.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section to the contrary, the chief natural resources police officer may contract with the public, military or private entities to provide extraordinary law enforcement or security services by the Division of Natural Resources when it is determined by the chief natural resources police officer to be in the public interest. The chief natural resources police officer may assign personnel, equipment or facilities, and the division shall be reimbursed for the wages, overtime wages, benefits and costs of providing the contract services as negotiated between the parties. The compensation paid to natural resources police officers by virtue of contracts provided in this section shall be paid from a special account and are excluded from any formulation used to calculate an employee's benefits. All requests for obtaining extraordinary law enforcement or security services shall be made to the chief natural resources police officer in writing and shall explain the funding source and the authority for making the request. No officer of the division is required to accept any assignment made pursuant to this subsection. Every officer assigned to duty hereunder shall be paid according to the hours and overtime hours actually worked notwithstanding that officer's status as exempt personnel under the "Federal Labor Standards Act" or applicable state statutes. Every contract entered into under this subsection shall contain the provision that in the event of public disaster or emergency where the reassignment to official duty of the officer is required, neither the division nor any of its officers or other personnel are liable for any damages incurred as the result of the reassignment. Further, any entity contracting with the Division of Natural Resources under this section shall also agree as part of that contract to hold harmless and indemnify the state, Division of Natural Resources and its personnel from any liability arising out of employment under that contract.

The director is authorized to propose legislative rules, subject to approval by the Legislature, in accordance with chapter twenty-nine-a of this code relating to the implementation of contracts entered into pursuant to this subsection: Provided, That the rules expressly prohibit private employment of officers in circumstances involving labor disputes.


WVC 20 - 7 - 1 F §20-7-1f. Awarding service revolver to special natural resources police officers upon retirement; furnishing uniform for burial.
(a) Upon the retirement of any special natural resources police officer selected and appointed pursuant to section one of this article, the chief of the officer's section shall award to the retiring special natural resources police officer his or her service revolver, without charge, upon determining:

(1) That the special natural resources police officer is retiring honorably with at least twenty-five years of recognized special law-enforcement service as determined by the chief natural resources police officer; or

(2) That the special natural resources police officer is retiring with less than twenty-five years of service based upon a determination that he or she is totally physically disabled as a result of service with the division.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the section chief may not award a service revolver to any special natural resources police officer who has been declared mentally incompetent by a licensed physician or any court of law, or who, in the opinion of the chief natural resources police officer constitutes a danger to any person or the community.

(c) Upon the death of any current or honorably retired special natural resources police officer, the respective chief shall, upon request of the deceased officer's family, furnish a full uniform for burial of the deceased officer.


WVC 20 - 7 - 2 §20-7-2. Qualifications of natural resources police officers; right of retired officer to receive complete standard uniform; right of retired officer to acquire uniform; and right of retired officer to acquire badge.
In addition to civil service qualifications and requirements, persons selected as natural resources police officers shall have reached their eighteenth birthday at the time of appointment, be in good physical condition and of good moral character, temperate in habits and may not have been convicted of a felony. Whenever possible and practicable, preference in selection of natural resources police officers shall be given honorably discharged United States Military personnel. Each natural resources police officer, before entering upon the discharge of his or her duties, shall take and subscribe to the oath of office prescribed in article IV, section 5 of the Constitution of West Virginia, which executed oath shall be filed with the director.

The director shall prescribe the kind, style and material of uniforms to be worn by natural resources police officers. Uniforms and other equipment furnished to the natural resources police officers are and remain the property of the state, except as hereinafter provided in this section.

A natural resources police officer, upon honorable retirement, is authorized to maintain at his or her own cost a complete standard uniform from the law-enforcement agency of which he or she was a member, and shall be issued an identification card indicating his or her honorable retirement from the law-enforcement agency. The uniform may be worn by the officer in retirement only on the following occasions: Police Officer's Memorial Day, Law Enforcement Appreciation Day, at the funeral of a law-enforcement officer or during any other police ceremony. The honorably retired officer is authorized to acquire a badge of the law-enforcement agency from which he or she is retired with the word "retired" placed on it.


WVC 20 - 7 - 3 §20-7-3. Powers and duties of other law officers.
The sheriffs and constables of the several counties of the state, police officers of any city and members of the State Police are vested, within their respective jurisdictions, with all of the powers and authority of natural resources police officers without requirement of any additional oath or bond. Immediately upon making any arrest or executing any process under provisions of this chapter, each officer shall report thereon to the director.


WVC 20 - 7 - 4 §20-7-4. Powers and duties of natural resources police officers.
(a) Natural resources police officers and other persons authorized to enforce the provisions of this chapter are under the supervision and direction of the director in the performance of their duties.

(b) Natural resources police officers have statewide jurisdiction and have authority to:

(1) Arrest on sight, without warrant or other court process, any person or persons committing a criminal offense in violation of the laws of this state, in the presence of the officer, but no arrest may be made where any form of administrative procedure is prescribed by this chapter for the enforcement of the provisions of this chapter;

(2) Carry arms and weapons as may be prescribed by the director in the course and performance of their duties, but no license or other authorization is required for this privilege;

(3) Search and examine, in the manner provided by law, any boat, vehicle, automobile, conveyance, express or railroad car, fish box, fish bucket or creel, game bag or game coat or other place in which hunting and fishing paraphernalia, wild animals, wild birds, fish, amphibians or other forms of aquatic life could be concealed, packed or conveyed whenever they have reason to believe that they would thereby secure or discover evidence of the violation of the provisions of this chapter;

(4) Execute and serve a search warrant, notice or other process of law issued under the authority of this chapter or other law relating to wildlife, forests, and all other natural resources, by a magistrate or court having jurisdiction in the same manner, with the same authority and with the same legal effect as a sheriff;

(5) Require the operator of any motor vehicle or other conveyance on or about the public highways or roadways, or in or near the fields and streams of this state, to stop for the purpose of allowing the natural resources police officers to conduct game-kill surveys;

(6) Summon aid in making arrests or seizures or in executing warrants, notices or processes, in the same manner as sheriffs;

(7) Enter private lands or waters within the state while engaged in the performance of their official duties;

(8) Arrest on sight, without warrant or other court process, subject to the limitations set forth in subdivision (1) of this section, any person or persons committing a criminal offense in violation of any law of this state in the presence of the officer on any state-owned lands and waters and lands and waters under lease by the Division of Natural Resources and all national forest lands, waters and parks and U.S. Corps of Army Engineers' properties within the boundaries of the State of West Virginia and, in addition to the authority conferred in other subdivisions of this section, execute all arrest warrants on these state and national lands, waters and parks and U.S. Corps of Army Engineers' properties, consistent with the provisions of article one, chapter sixty-two of this code;

(9) Arrest any person who enters upon the land or premises of another without written permission from the owner of the land or premises in order to cut, damage or carry away, or cause to be cut, damaged or carried away, any timber, trees, logs, posts, fruit, nuts, growing plants or products of any growing plant. Any person convicted of cutting, damaging or carrying away or causing to be cut, damaged or carried away any timber, trees, logs, posts, fruits, nuts, growing plants or products of growing plants is liable to the owner in the amount of three times the value of the timber, trees, logs, posts, fruit, nuts, growing plants or products of any growing plant, in addition to and notwithstanding any other penalties by law provided by section thirteen, article three, chapter sixty-one of this code;

(10) Make a complaint in writing before any court or officer having jurisdiction, and procure and execute the warrant, when the officer knows or has reason to believe that a person has violated a law of this state. The actions of the natural resources police officer have the same force and effect as if made by a sheriff;

(11) Serve and execute warrants for the arrest of any person and warrants for the search of any premises, buildings, properties or conveyances issued by a properly constituted authority in the same manner, with the same authority, and with the same legal effect, as a sheriff; and

(12) Do all things necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this chapter.


WVC 20 - 7 - 4 A §20-7-4a. Arrest procedure.

(a) Whenever a person is arrested for any violation of this chapter punishable as a misdemeanor, and such person is not immediately taken before a magistrate or court, the arresting officer shall prepare written notice to appear in court containing the name, address, date of birth, sex, hunting or fishing license number, if any, and social security number of such person, serial number or description of any property found in the possession of the person arrested and susceptible to use in committing the offense charged, if any, the offense charged and the time and place, when and where such person shall appear in court.

(b) The time specified in said notice to appear must be at least five days after such arrest unless the person arrested demands an earlier hearing.

(c) The place specified in said notice to appear must be before a magistrate or court within the county in which the offense charged is alleged to have been committed and who has jurisdiction of such offense.

(d) The arrested person in order to secure release, as provided in this section, must accept a copy of the written notice prepared by the arresting officer. The officer shall deliver a copy of the notice to the person promising to appear. Thereupon, said officer shall forthwith release the person arrested from custody.


WVC 20 - 7 - 4 B §20-7-4b. Record of cases.

Every magistrate or judge of a court shall keep or cause to be kept a record of every complaint, or other legal form of charge, which alleges a violation of the provisions of this chapter or the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, deposited with or presented to said court, and shall keep a record of every official action by said court in reference thereto, including, but not limited to, a record of every conviction, forfeiture of bail, judgment of acquittal and the amount of fine or forfeiture resulting from every said complaint or charge deposited with or presented to said court.


WVC 20 - 7 - 5 §20-7-5. Enforcement of chapter.
The director shall be charged with the duty and responsibility of enforcing the provisions of this chapter and to this end may call upon the attorney general, the prosecuting attorneys of the several counties, the department of public safety and all other law-enforcement officers of the state. He shall have authority to compel compliance with and to prevent violations and threatened violations of any provisions of this chapter, lawful rules and regulations promulgated hereunder, and cease and desist orders issued pursuant hereto. He may invoke the processes of any court for coercive, remedial or preventive relief by injunction, mandamus or other appropriate proceedings.


WVC 20 - 7 - 6 §20-7-6. Prosecutions under chapter; attorney services; costs.
The director may cause complaints to be made and proceedings to be instituted and prosecuted against any violators of this chapter, without the sanction of the prosecuting attorney of the county wherein such proceedings are instituted, and in all such cases no security for costs shall be required of the director. In any unusual or emergency situation or case wherein a prosecuting attorney or the attorney general may not be available to the director for legal services, the director may employ another attorney or other attorneys to represent the state in prosecutions and proceedings under provisions of this chapter and shall pay costs and fees for such services from department funds.


WVC 20 - 7 - 7 §20-7-7. Conspiracy to violate chapter; withholding information; obstructing officers.
Any person who shields or conspires with another in the commission of a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter, or who, upon inquiry, withholds information from enforcement officers, or who hinders, obstructs, interferes with, or impersonates, or attempts to hinder, obstruct, interfere with or impersonate an officer in the performance of his duties shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.


WVC 20 - 7 - 8 §20-7-8. Seizure and disposition of property used for illegal purpose.
Any officer, when he arrests or otherwise takes a person into custody for violating any provision or provisions of this chapter, is hereby also authorized and empowered to take and impound any property found in the possession of the accused and susceptible of use in committing the offense of which the person is accused. Such property shall include firearms, fishing equipment, traps, boats, or any other device, appliance or conveyance, but shall not include dogs.

If the accused is acquitted the property seized shall be returned. If the accused is convicted and pays the fine, costs and other penalties, the property shall be returned, but if the accused fails to pay the fine and costs, the property shall be sold at public auction in such manner as the director may prescribe. The proceeds of the sale shall be applied toward the payment of the fine and costs. The remainder, if any, shall be paid to the owner of the seized property.

Whenever a person is convicted of a violation of this chapter a second time, the property seized at the time of arrest shall in any case be declared forfeited to the state and shall be sold in the manner provided by this section.

Property seized, the use of which is forbidden by this chapter, or which is unfit or unsafe for further use, shall be declared forfeited to the state and shall be disposed of by the director.


WVC 20 - 7 - 9 §20-7-9. Violations of chapter generally; penalties.
Any person violating any of the provisions of this chapter or rules promulgated under the provisions of this chapter, the punishment for which is not prescribed, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall for each offense be fined not less than twenty nor more than three hundred dollars or confined in jail not less than ten or more than one hundred days, or be both fined and imprisoned within the limitations aforesaid and, in the case of a violation by a corporation, every officer or agent thereof directing or engaging in such violation shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be subject to the same penalties and punishment as herein provided: Provided, That any person violating subdivision (3), section five, article two of this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars and shall be imprisoned for not less than ten days nor more than one hundred days: Provided, however, That any person who is in violation of section twenty-seven, article two of this chapter as a result of their failure to have a valid Class E nonresident hunting and trapping license, as defined by section forty-two-d of this article, or a valid Class EE nonresident bear hunting license, as defined by section forty-two-e of this article, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than two hundred fifty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, or confined in jail not less than ten nor more than one hundred days, or both fined and imprisoned: Provided further, That any person who is in violation of section twenty-seven, article two of this chapter as a result of their failure to have a Class F nonresident fishing license, as defined by section forty-two-f of this article, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than three hundred dollars or confined in jail not less than ten nor more than one hundred days, or both fined and imprisoned: And provided further, That any person violating any parking or speeding regulations as promulgated by the director on any state parks, state forests, public hunting and fishing areas and all other lands and waters owned, leased or under the control of the Division of Natural Resources shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than two nor more than one hundred dollars or imprisoned in jail not more than ten days, or both fined and imprisoned.


WVC 20 - 7 - 1 C §20-7-1c. Natural resources police officer, ranks, salary schedule, base pay, exceptions.
     (a) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, the ranks within the law-enforcement section of the Division of Natural Resources are colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, captain, lieutenant, sergeant, corporal, natural resources police officer first class, senior natural resources police officer, natural resources police officer and natural resources police officer-in-training. Each officer while in uniform shall wear the insignia of rank as provided by the chief natural resources police officer.

     (b) Beginning on July 1, 2002, through June 30, 2011, natural resources police officers shall be paid the minimum annual salaries based on the following schedule:

ANNUAL SALARY SCHEDULE (BASE PAY)

SUPERVISORY AND NONSUPERVISORY RANKS

Natural Resources Police Officer In Training (first year until end

of probation)        $26,337

Natural Resources Police Officer (second year)        $29,768

Natural Resources Police Officer (third year)        $30,140

Senior Natural Resources Police Officer (fourth and

fifth year)        $30,440

Senior Natural Resources Police Officer First Class

(after fifth year)        $32,528

Senior Natural Resources Police Officer (after

tenth year)        $33,104

Senior Natural Resources Police Officer (after

fifteenth year)        $33,528

Corporal (after sixteenth year)        $36,704

Sergeant        $40,880

First Sergeant        $42,968

Lieutenant        $47,144

Captain        $49,232

Major $51,320

Lieutenant Colonel        $53,408

Colonel        

   Beginning July 1, 2011, and continuing thereafter, natural resources police officers shall be paid the minimum annual salaries based on the following schedule:

ANNUAL SALARY SCHEDULE (BASE PAY)

SUPERVISORY AND NONSUPERVISORY RANKS

Natural Resources Police Officer In Training (first

year until end of probation)        $31,222

Natural Resources Police Officer (second year)        $34,881

Natural Resources Police Officer (third year)        $35,277

Senior Natural Resources Police Officer (fourth and

fifth year)        $35,601

Senior Natural Resources Police Officer First Class

(after fifth year)        $37,797

Senior Natural Resources Police Officer (after tenth

year) $38,397

Senior Natural Resources Police Officer (after

fifteenth year)        $38,833

Corporal (after sixteenth year)        $42,105

Sergeant        $46,401

First Sergeant        $48,549

Lieutenant        $52,857

Captain        $55,005

Major $57,153

Lieutenant Colonel        $59,301

Colonel        

   Natural resources police officers in service at the time the amendment to this section becomes effective shall be given credit for prior service and shall be paid salaries the same length of service entitles them to receive under the provisions of this section.

   (c) This section does not apply to special or emergency natural resources police officers appointed under the authority of section one of this article.

   (d) Nothing in this section prohibits other pay increases as provided under section two, article five, chapter five of this code: Provided, That any across-the-board pay increase granted by the Legislature or the Governor will be added to, and reflected in, the minimum salaries set forth in this section; and that any merit increases granted to an officer over and above the annual salary schedule listed in subsection (b) of this section are retained by an officer when he or she advances from one rank to another: Provided, however, That any natural resources police officer who receives an increase in compensation pursuant to the amendment and reenactment of this section in 2011 shall not receive any across- the-board pay increase granted by the Legislature or the Governor in 2011.
WVC 20 - 7 - 10 §20-7-10. Justice of peace jurisdiction under chapter.
Justices of the peace and all other courts established in lieu thereof or in supplementation thereto shall have jurisdiction of all misdemeanor offenses arising under the provisions of this chapter concurrent with the jurisdiction of circuit and other criminal courts.


WVC 20 - 7 - 11 §20-7-11. Motorboats and other terms defined.
As used in this section and subsequent sections of this article, unless the context clearly requires a different meaning:

(1) "Vessel" means every description of watercraft, other than a seaplane on the water, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water;

(2) "Motorboat" means any vessel propelled by an electrical, steam, gas, diesel or other fuel propelled or driven motor, whether or not the motor is the principal source of propulsion, but does not include a vessel which has a valid marine document issued by the bureau of customs of the United States government or any federal agency successor thereto;

(3) "Owner" means a person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a motorboat. The term includes a person entitled to the use or possession of a motorboat subject to an interest in another person, reserved or created by agreement and securing payment or performance of an obligation, but the term excludes a lessee under a lease not intended as security;

(4) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of the division of motor vehicles;

(5) "Director" means the director of the division of natural resources; and

(6) "Personal watercraft" means a small vessel of less than sixteen feet in length which uses an inboard motor powering a water jet pump as its primary source of motive power and which is designed to be operated by a person sitting, standing, or kneeling on the vessel, rather than the conventional manner of sitting or standing inside the vessel. For purposes of this article, the term "personal watercraft" also includes "specialty prop-crafts" which are vessels similar in appearance and operation to a personal watercraft but which are powered by an outboard motor or propeller driven motor.


WVC 20 - 7 - 12 §20-7-12. Motorboat identification numbers required; application for numbers; fee; displaying; reciprocity; change of ownership; conformity with United States regulations; records; renewal of certificate; transfer of interest, abandonment, etc.; change of address; unauthorized numbers; information to be furnished assessors.
Every motorboat, as defined in this section, operating upon public waters within the territorial limits of this state shall be numbered as provided in this section:

(a) The owner of each motorboat requiring numbering by this state shall file an application for a number with the commissioner on forms approved by the Division of Motor Vehicles. The application shall be signed by the owner of the motorboat and shall be accompanied by a fee of fifteen dollars for a three-year registration period if the motorboat is propelled by a motor of three or more horsepower: Provided, That beginning on the first day of April, two thousand, the fee for a three-year registration period is as follows:

(1) Class A, motorboats less than sixteen feet in length, thirty dollars;

(2) Class 1, motorboats sixteen feet or over and less than twenty-six feet in length, forty-five dollars;

(3) Class 2, motorboats twenty-six feet or over and less than forty feet in length, sixty dollars; and

(4) Class 3, forty feet in length or over, seventy-five dollars.

The fee may be prorated by the commissioner for periods of less than three years. There is no fee for motorboats propelled by motors of less than three horsepower. All fees, including those received under subdivision (b) of this section, shall be deposited in the State Treasury. On and after the first day of July, two thousand seven, all moneys deposited pursuant to this section and credited to the Division of Motor Vehicles and fifty percent of all fees collected thereafter shall be credited to the State Road Fund. The remaining fifty percent shall be credited to the Division of Natural Resources and shall be used and paid out upon order of the director solely for the enforcement and safety education of the state boating system. Upon receipt of the application in approved form, the commissioner shall enter the application upon the records of the division and issue to the applicant a number awarded to the motorboat and the name and address of the owner. The owner shall paint on or attach to each side of the bow of the motorboat the identification number in the manner prescribed by rules of the commissioner in order that it is clearly visible. The owner shall maintain the number in legible condition. The certificate of number shall be pocket size and shall be available at all times for inspection on the motorboat for which it is issued, whenever the motorboat is in operation.

(b) In order to permit a motorboat sold to a purchaser by a dealer to be operated pending receipt of the certificate of number from the commissioner, the commissioner may deliver temporary certificates of number to in turn be issued to purchasers of motorboats to dealers, upon application by the dealer and payment of one dollar for each temporary certificate. Every person who is issued a temporary certificate by a dealer shall, under the provisions of subdivision (a) of this section, apply for a certificate of number no later than ten days from the date of issuance of the temporary certificate. A temporary certificate expires upon receipt of the certificate, upon recision of the contract to purchase the motorboat in question or upon the expiration of forty days from the date of issuance, whichever occurs first. It is unlawful for any dealer to issue any temporary certificate knowingly containing any misstatement of fact or knowingly to insert any false information on the face of the temporary certificate. The commissioner may by rule prescribe additional requirements upon the dealers and purchasers that are consistent with the effective administration of this section.

(c) The owner of any motorboat already covered by a number in full force and effect which has been awarded to it pursuant to then operative federal law or a federally approved numbering system of another state shall record the number prior to operating the motorboat on the waters of this state in excess of the sixty-day reciprocity period provided for in section fourteen of this article. The recordation shall be in the manner and pursuant to procedure required for the award of a number under subdivision (a) of this section, except that the commissioner shall not issue an additional or substitute number.

(d) If the ownership of a motorboat changes, the new owner shall file a new application form with the required fee with the commissioner who shall award a new certificate of number in the same manner as provided for in an original award of number.

(e) In the event that an agency of the United States government has in force an overall system of identification numbering for motorboats within the United States, the numbering system employed pursuant to this article by the Division of Motor Vehicles shall be in conformity with the federal system.

(f) The license is valid for a maximum period of three years. If at the expiration of that period ownership has remained unchanged, the commissioner shall, upon application and payment of the proper fee, grant the owner a renewal of the certificate of number for an additional three-year period.

(g) The owner shall furnish the commissioner notice of the transfer of all or any part of an interest, other than the creation of a security interest, in a motorboat numbered in this state pursuant to subdivisions (a) and (b) of this section or of the destruction or abandonment of the motorboat within fifteen days of the transfer of interest, destruction or abandonment. The transfer, destruction or abandonment shall terminate the certificate of number for the motorboat, except that in the case of a transfer of a part interest which does not affect the owner's right to operate the motorboat, the transfer shall not terminate the certificate of number.

(h) Any holder of a certificate of number shall notify the commissioner within fifteen days if his or her address no longer conforms to the address appearing on the certificate and shall, as a part of the notification, furnish the commissioner with his or her new address. The commissioner may provide by rule for the surrender of the certificate bearing the former address and its replacement with a certificate bearing the new address or for the alteration of an outstanding certificate to show the new address of the holder.

(i) An owner shall not paint, attach or otherwise display a number other than the number awarded to a motorboat or granted reciprocity pursuant to this article on either side of the bow of the motorboat.

(j) The commissioner shall on or before the thirtieth day of August of each year forward to the assessor of each county a list of the names and addresses of all persons, firms and corporations owning vessels and operating the vessels or other boats registered with the commissioner under the provisions of this article. In furnishing this information to each county assessor, the commissioner shall include information on the make and model of the vessels and other equipment required to be registered for use by the owner or operator of the boats under the provisions of this article: Provided, That the commissioner is not required to furnish the information to the assessor if the cost price of the vessel does not exceed five hundred dollars or the cost of the motor does not exceed two hundred fifty dollars.

(k) No person may operate an unlicensed motorboat upon any waters of this state without first acquiring the certificate of number or license as required by law.


WVC 20 - 7 - 12 A §20-7-12a. Payment of personal property taxes prerequisite to application for certificate or renewal of number; duties of assessors; schedule of motorboat values.
Certificates of number and renewals therefor shall not be issued or furnished by the Division of Motor Vehicles, or any other officer charged with the duty, unless the applicant therefor furnishes the receipt hereinafter provided to show full payment of the personal property taxes for the current calendar year or the calendar year which immediately precedes the calendar year in which application is made on all motorboats which were listed with the Division of Motor Vehicles in the applicant's name on the tax day for the current or former calendar year or the division has received verification of full payment of personal property taxes by electronic means. If the applicant contends that any motorboat so listed was not subject to personal property taxation for that year, he or she shall furnish the information and evidence as the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may require to substantiate his or her contention.

The assessor shall require any person having a duty to make a return of property for taxation to him or her to furnish information identifying each motorboat subject to the numbering provisions of this article. When the property taxes on the motorboat have been paid, the officer to whom the payment was made shall deliver to the person paying the taxes a written or printed receipt therefor and shall retain for his or her records a duplicate of the receipt. The assessor and sheriff, respectively, shall see that the assessment records and the receipts contain information adequately identifying the motorboat as registered under the provisions of this article. The officer receiving payment shall sign each receipt in his or her own handwriting.

The assessors shall commence their duties hereunder during the tax year one thousand nine hundred eighty-nine and the Division of Motor Vehicles shall commence its duties hereunder as of the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety.

The State Tax Commissioner shall annually compile a schedule of motorboat values, based on the lowest values shown in a nationally accepted used motorboat guide, which schedule shall be furnished to each assessor and shall be used by him or her as a guide in placing the assessed values on all motorboats in his or her county.


WVC 20 - 7 - 12 B §20-7-12b. Boating safety education certificate.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (c) of this section, beginning on January 1, 2001, no person born on or after December 31, 1986, may operate a motorboat or personal watercraft on any waters of this state without first having obtained a certificate of boating safety education from this or any other state, which certificate was obtained by satisfactorily completing a course of instruction in boating safety education administered by the United States coast guard auxiliary; the United States power squadron; the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources; any person certified to teach the course administered by West Virginia natural resources boating safety education section personnel; or any person authorized to teach the course prescribed by the national association of state boating law administrators in this or any other state.

(b) Any person who is subject to subdivision (a) of this section shall possess the certificate of boating safety education when operating a motorboat or personal watercraft on the waters of this state and shall show the certificate on demand of any West Virginia natural resources police officers or other law-enforcement officer authorized to enforce the provisions of this chapter.

(c) The following persons are exempt from the requirements of subsection (a) of this section:

(1) A person who is a nonresident of this state and who is visiting the state for sixty days or less in a motorboat or personal watercraft from another state if that person:

(A) Is fifteen years of age or older; and

(B) Has been issued a boating safety education certificate by his or her state of residence in accordance with the criteria recommended by the national association of state boating law administration.

(2) A person who is visiting the state for ninety days or less in a motorboat or personal watercraft from a country other than the United States;

(3) A person who is operating a motorboat or personal watercraft in connection with commercial purposes; and

(4) A person who is operating a motorboat or personal watercraft which was purchased by the person within the previous forty-five-day period and who has not been previously charged with a violation of any provision of this chapter involving the use or registration of a motorboat or personal watercraft.

(d) The division shall issue a certificate of boating safety education to a person who:

(1) Passes any course prescribed in subsection (a) of this section; or

(2) Passes a boating safety equivalency examination administered by persons authorized to administer a boating safety education course as outlined in subsection (a) of this section. Upon request, the division shall provide, without charge, boating safety education materials to persons who plan to take the boating safety equivalency examination.

(e) No person who owns a motorboat or personal watercraft or who has charge over a motorboat or personal watercraft may authorize or knowingly permit it to be operated in violation of subsection (a) of this section.

(f) The provisions of subsection (a) of this section may only be enforced as a secondary action when the officer detains an operator of a motorboat or personal watercraft upon probable cause of a violation of another provision of this code or rules adopted in accordance with the code. A person may not be taken immediately to a court or detention facility solely for a violation of subsection (a) of this section.


WVC 20 - 7 - 13 §20-7-13. Motorboat classification; required lights and equipment; rules and regulations; pilot rules.
(a) Motorboats subject to the provisions of this article shall be divided into four classes as follows:

Class A. Less than sixteen feet in length;

Class 1. Sixteen feet or over and less than twenty-six feet in length;

Class 2. Twenty-six feet or over and less than forty feet in length;

Class 3. Forty feet or over.

(b) Classes 1, 2 and 3 motorboats in all weathers from sunset to sunrise shall carry and exhibit the following lights when under way, and during such time no other lights which may be mistaken for those prescribed shall be exhibited.

(1) Every motorboat of Class 1 shall carry the following lights:

First. A bright white light aft to show all around the horizon;

Second. A combined lantern in the fore part of the vessel and lower than the white light aft, showing green to starboard and red to port, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on their respective sides.

(2) Every motorboat of Classes 2 and 3 shall carry the following lights:

First. A bright white light in the fore part of the vessel as near the stem as practicable, so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel; namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side;

Second. A bright white light aft to show all around the horizon and higher than the white light forward;

Third. On the starboard side a green light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the starboard side. On the port side a red light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side. The said side lights shall be fitted with inboard screens of sufficient height so set as to prevent these lights from being seen across the bow.

(3) Motorboats of Class 1 when propelled by sail alone shall carry the combined lantern, but not the white light aft, prescribed by this section. Motorboats of Classes 2 and 3 when so propelled, shall carry the colored side lights, suitably screened, but not the white lights, prescribed by this section. Motorboats of all classes, when so propelled, shall carry, ready at hand, a lantern or flashlight showing a white light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to avert collision.

(4) Every white light prescribed by this section shall be of such character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles. Every colored light prescribed by this section shall be of such character as to be visible at a distance of at least one mile. The word "visible" in this subdivision, when applied to lights, shall mean visible on a dark night with clear atmosphere.

(5) When propelled by sail and machinery any motorboat shall carry the lights required by this section for a motorboat propelled by machinery only.

(c) Any vessel may carry and exhibit the lights required by the federal regulations for preventing collisions at sea, one thousand nine hundred forty-eight, federal act of October eleven, one thousand nine hundred fifty-one, as amended, in lieu of the lights required by subsection (b) of this section.

(d) Every motorboat of Class 1, 2 or 3 shall be provided with an efficient whistle or other sound-producing mechanical appliance.

(e) Every motorboat of Class 2 or 3 shall be provided with an efficient bell.

(f) Every motorboat shall carry at least one life preserver, or life belt, or ring buoy, or other device of the sort prescribed by regulations of the commission for each person on board, so placed as to be readily accessible: Provided, That every motorboat carrying passengers for hire shall carry so placed to be readily accessible at least one life preserver of the sort prescribed by the regulations of the director for each person on board.

(g) Every motorboat shall be provided with such number, size and type of fire extinguishers, capable of promptly and effectually extinguishing burning gasoline, as may be prescribed by the regulations of the director, which fire extinguishers shall be at all times kept in condition for immediate and effective use and shall be so placed as to be readily accessible.

(h) The provisions of subsections (d), (e) and (g) of this section shall not apply to motorboats while competing in any race conducted pursuant to section twenty of this article, or, if such boats be designed and intended solely for racing while engaged in such navigation as is incidental to the tuning up of the boats and engines for the race.

(i) Every motorboat shall have the carburetor or carburetors of every engine therein (except outboard motors) using gasoline as fuel, equipped with such efficient flame arrester, backfire trap, or other similar device as may be prescribed by regulations of the director.

(j) Every such motorboat and every such vessel, except open boats using as fuel any liquid of a volatile nature, shall be provided with such means as may be prescribed by the regulations of the director for properly and efficiently ventilating the bilges of the engine and fuel tank compartments so as to remove any explosive or inflammable gases.

(k) The director is hereby authorized to make rules and regulations modifying the equipment requirements contained in this section to the extent necessary to keep these requirements in conformity with the provisions of the federal navigation laws or with the navigation rules promulgated by the United States coast guard.

(l) The director is hereby authorized to establish and maintain, for the operation of vessels on the waters of this state, pilot rules in conformity with the pilot rules contained in the federal navigation laws or the navigation rules promulgated by the United States coast guard.

(m) No person shall operate or give permission for the operation of a vessel which is not equipped as required by this section or modification thereof.


WVC 20 - 7 - 14 §20-7-14. Motorboats exempt from numbering.
A motorboat shall not be required to be numbered under this article if it is: (1) Already covered by a number in full force and effect which has been awarded to it pursuant to federal law or a federally approved numbering system of another state: Provided, That such boat shall not have been within this state for a period in excess of sixty consecutive days; (2) a motorboat from a country other than the United States temporarily using the waters of this state; (3) motorboats used exclusively for racing while participating in races, and the preparation therefor, which have been authorized pursuant to the provisions of section twenty of this article.


WVC 20 - 7 - 15 §20-7-15. Dealers' and manufacturers' certificate of number; applications and fees.
Dealers' and manufacturers' certificate of number, containing the word "manufacturer" or "dealer," as appropriate, may be used in connection with the operation of any motorboat in the possession of such dealer or manufacturer, when the boat is being used for demonstrative purposes. Application for a dealer's or manufacturer's certificate of number shall be made upon a form provided by the commissioner and shall contain such information as may be required by the commissioner. Upon receipt of the application and upon payment of a fee of five dollars for the initial certificate of number, and five dollars for each additional certificate of number, the commissioner shall issue to the applicant a manufacturer's or dealer's certificate of number which shall contain the word "manufacturer" or "dealer" in lieu of a description of the boat. The manufacturer or dealer may have the number awarded to him printed upon or attached to a removable sign or signs to be temporarily but firmly mounted upon or attached to the boat being demonstrated, so long as the display meets the requirements of the provisions of this article and regulations issued hereunder.


WVC 20 - 7 - 16 §20-7-16. Boat liveries.
(a) The owner or operator of a boat livery or rental facility shall cause to be kept a record of the name and address of the person or persons hiring any vessel including personal watercrafts which is designed or permitted by him or her to be operated as a motorboat, identification number thereof, and the departure date and time, and the expected time of return. The record shall be preserved for at least six months.

(b) Neither the owner or operator of a boat livery or rental facility, nor his or her agent or employee, shall permit any motorboat, personal watercraft or any vessel designed or permitted by him or her to be operated as a motorboat or personal watercraft to depart from his or her premises unless it shall have been provided, either by owner or renter, with the equipment required pursuant to section thirteen of this article and any rules made pursuant thereto.

(c) The owner or operator of a boat livery or rental facility, or his or her agent or employee, shall provide boating safety orientation for all persons that rent any vessel, including personal watercrafts, unless that person holds a certificate as required by section twelve-b, article seven of this chapter. The owner of a boat livery or rental facility, or his or her agent or employee, shall also provide to the operator or operators in print, prior to rental, the operational characteristics of personal watercrafts.

(d) The owner or operator of a boat livery or rental facility, or his or her agent or employee, may not lease, hire or rent a personal watercraft to any person under eighteen years of age.

(e) The owner or operator of a boat livery or rental facility, or his or her agent or employee, shall provide to the operator or operators of rental vessels, boats or personal watercrafts, in print, all pertinent boating rules including, but not limited to, those rules that may be peculiar to the area of the rental, such as no-wake zones, restricted areas, channel markers, water hazard markers and swimming zones.

(f) The owner or operator of a boat livery or rental facility shall carry liability insurance of at least three hundred thousand dollars and possess the license and surety bond as required by section twenty-three-d, article two of this chapter.


WVC 20 - 7 - 17 §20-7-17. Motorboat muffling.
The exhaust of every internal combustion engine used on any motorboat shall be effectively muffled by equipment so constructed and used as to muffle the noise of the exhaust in a reasonable manner. The use of cutouts is prohibited, except for motorboats competing in a regatta or boat race approved as provided in section twenty of this article, and for such motorboats while on trial runs during a period not to exceed seventy-two hours immediately preceding such regatta or race, and for such motorboats while competing in official trials for speed records during a period not to exceed seventy-two hours immediately following such regatta or race.


WVC 20 - 7 - 18 §20-7-18. Care in handling watercraft; duty to render aid after a collision, accident or casualty; accident reports.
(a) No person shall operate a motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel or manipulate any water skis, surfboard or similar device in a reckless or negligent manner so as to endanger the life, limb or property of any person.

(b) No person shall operate any motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel, or manipulate any water skis, surfboard or similar device while under the influence of alcohol or a controlled substance or drug, under the combined influence of alcohol and any controlled substance or any other drug, or while having an alcohol concentration in his or her blood of eight hundredths of one percent or more, by weight.

(c) It shall be the duty of the operator of a vessel involved in a collision, accident or other casualty, so far as he or she can do so without serious danger to his or her own vessel, crew and passengers (if any), to render to other persons affected by the collision, accident or other casualty such assistance as may be practicable and as may be necessary in order to save them from or minimize any danger caused by the collision, accident or other casualty, and also to give his or her name, address and identification of his or her vessel in writing to any person injured and to the owner of any property damaged in the collision, accident or other casualty.

(d) The operator of a vessel involved in a collision, accident or other casualty shall file an accident report with the director if the incident results in a loss of life, in a personal injury that requires medical treatment beyond first aid or in excess of five hundred dollars damage to a vessel or other property. The report shall be made on such forms and contain information as prescribed by the director. Upon a request duly made by an authorized official or agency of the United States, any information compiled or otherwise available to the director pursuant to this subsection shall be transmitted to the official or agency.


WVC 20 - 7 - 18 A §20-7-18a. Negligent homicide; penalties.
(a) When the death of any person ensues within one year as a proximate result of injury received by operating any motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel anywhere in this state in reckless disregard of the safety of others, the person so operating the motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel is guilty of negligent homicide.

(b) Any person convicted of negligent homicide shall be punished by imprisonment in the county or regional jail for not more than one year or by fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars, or by both fine and imprisonment.

(c) The director shall suspend the privilege to operate a motorboat or other motorized vessel in this state for a period of five years from the date of conviction.


WVC 20 - 7 - 18 B §20-7-18b. Operating under influence of alcohol, controlled substances or drugs; penalties.
(a) Any person who:

(1) Operates a motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel in this state while:

(A) He or she is under the influence of alcohol; or

(B) He or she is under the influence of any controlled substance; or

(C) He or she is under the influence of any other drug; or

(D) He or she is under the combined influence of alcohol and any controlled substance or any other drug; or

(E) He or she has an alcohol concentration in his or her blood of eight hundredths of one percent or more, by weight; and

(2) When so operating does any act forbidden by law or fails to perform any duty imposed by law in the operating of the motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel, which act or failure proximately causes the death of any person within one year next following the act or failure; and

(3) Commits the act or failure in reckless disregard of the safety of others, and when the influence of alcohol, controlled substances or drugs is shown to be a contributing cause to the death, is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned in the state correctional facility for not less than one nor more than ten years and shall be fined not less than one thousand dollars nor more than three thousand dollars.

(b) Any person who:

(1) Operates a motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel in this state while:

(A) He or she is under the influence of alcohol; or

(B) He or she is under the influence of any controlled substance; or

(C) He or she is under the influence of any other drug; or

(D) He or she is under the combined influence of alcohol and any controlled substance or any other drug; or

(E) He or she has an alcohol concentration in his or her blood of eight hundredths of one percent or more, by weight; and

(2) When so operating does any act forbidden by law or fails to perform any duty imposed by law in the operating of the motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel, which act or failure proximately causes the death of any person within one year next following the act or failure, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in the county or regional jail for not less than ninety days nor more than one year and shall be fined not less than five hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars.

(c) Any person who:

(1) Operates a motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel in this state while:

(A) He or she is under the influence of alcohol; or

(B) He or she is under the influence of any controlled substance; or

(C) He or she is under the influence of any other drug; or

(D) He or she is under the combined influence of alcohol and any controlled substance or any other drug; or

(E) He or she has an alcohol concentration in his or her blood of eight hundredths of one percent or more, by weight; and

(2) When so operating does any act forbidden by law or fails to perform any duty imposed by law in the operating of the motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel, which act or failure proximately causes bodily injury to any person other than himself or herself, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in the county or regional jail for not less than one day nor more than one year, which jail term shall include actual confinement of not less than twenty-four hours, and shall be fined not less than two hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars.

(d) Any person who:

(1) Operates a motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel in this state while:

(A) He or she is under the influence of alcohol; or

(B) He or she is under the influence of any controlled substance; or

(C) He or she is under the influence of any other drug; or

(D) He or she is under the combined influence of alcohol and any controlled substance or any other drug; or

(E) He or she has an alcohol concentration in his or her blood of eight hundredths of one percent or more, by weight;

(2) Is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in the county or regional jail for not less than one day nor more than six months, which jail term shall include actual confinement of not less than twenty-four hours, and shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.

(e) Any person who, being an habitual user of narcotic drugs or amphetamine or any derivative thereof, operates a motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel in this state, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in the county or regional jail for not less than one day nor more than six months, which jail term shall include actual confinement of not less than twenty-four hours, and shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.

(f) Any person who:

(1) Knowingly permits his or her motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel to be operated in this state by any other person who is:

(A) Under the influence of alcohol; or

(B) Under the influence of any controlled substance; or

(C) Under the influence of any other drug; or

(D) Under the combined influence of alcohol and any controlled substance or any other drug; or

(E) Has an alcohol concentration in his or her blood of eight hundredths of one percent or more, by weight;

(2) Is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in the county or regional jail for not more than six months and shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.

(g) Any person who knowingly permits his or her motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel to be operated in this state by any other person who is an habitual user of narcotic drugs or amphetamine or any derivative thereof, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in the county or regional jail for not more than six months and shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.

(h) Any person under the age of twenty-one years who operates a motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel in this state while he or she has an alcohol concentration in his or her blood of two hundredths of one percent or more, by weight, but less than eight hundredths of one percent, by weight, shall, for a first offense under this subsection, be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars. For a second or subsequent offense under this subsection, the person is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in the county or regional jail for twenty-four hours, and shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.

A person arrested and charged with an offense under the provisions of subsection (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g) or (i) of this section may not also be charged with an offense under this subsection arising out of the same transaction or occurrence.

(i) Any person who:

(1) Operates a motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel in this state while:

(A) He or she is under the influence of alcohol; or

(B) He or she is under the influence of any controlled substance; or

(C) He or she is under the influence of any other drug; or

(D) He or she is under the combined influence of alcohol and any controlled substance or any other drug; or

(E) He or she has an alcohol concentration in his or her blood of eight hundredths of one percent or more, by weight; and

(2) The person when so operating has on or within the motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel one or more other persons who are unemancipated minors who have not reached their sixteenth birthday, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in the county or regional jail for not less than two days nor more than twelve months, which jail term shall include actual confinement of not less than forty-eight hours, and shall be fined not less than two hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars.

(j) A person violating any provision of subsection (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g) or (i) of this section, for the second offense under this section, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in the county or regional jail for a period of not less than six months nor more than one year, and the court may, in its discretion, impose a fine of not less than one thousand dollars nor more than three thousand dollars.

(k) A person violating any provision of subsection (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g) or (i) of this section shall, for the third or any subsequent offense under this section, be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned in a state correctional facility for not less than one nor more than three years, and the court may, in its discretion, impose a fine of not less than three thousand dollars nor more than five thousand dollars.

(l) For purposes of subsections (j) and (k) of this section relating to second, third and subsequent offenses, the following types of convictions shall be regarded as convictions under this section:

(1) Any conviction under the provisions of subsection (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) or (f) of this section for an offense which occurred on or after the effective date of this section;

(2) Any conviction under the provisions of subsection (a) or (b) of this section for an offense which occurred within a period of five years immediately preceding the date of the offense; and

(3) Any conviction under a municipal ordinance of this state or any other state or a statute of the United States or of any other state of an offense which has the same elements as an offense described in subsection (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f) or (g) of this section, which offense occurred after the effective date of this section.

(m) A person may be charged in a warrant or indictment or information for a second or subsequent offense under this section if the person has been previously arrested for or charged with a violation of this section which is alleged to have occurred within the applicable time periods for prior offenses, notwithstanding the fact that there has not been a final adjudication of the charges for the alleged previous offense. The warrant or indictment or information shall set forth the date, location and particulars of the previous offense or offenses. No person may be convicted of a second or subsequent offense under this section unless the conviction for the previous offense has become final.

(n) The fact that any person charged with a violation of subsection (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) of this section, or any person permitted to operate as described under subsection (f) or (g) of this section, is or has been legally entitled to use alcohol, a controlled substance or a drug shall not constitute a defense against any charge of violating subsection (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f) or (g) of this section.

(o) For purposes of this section, the term "controlled substance" shall have the meaning ascribed to it in chapter sixty-a of this code.

(p) The sentences provided herein upon conviction for a violation of this article are mandatory and may not be subject to suspension or probation: Provided, That the court may apply the provisions of article eleven-a, chapter sixty-two of this code to a person sentenced or committed to a term of one year or less. An order for home detention by the court pursuant to the provisions of article eleven-b of said chapter may be used as an alternative sentence to any period of incarceration required by this section.


WVC 20 - 7 - 18 C §20-7-18c. Implied consent to test; administration at direction of law-enforcement officer.
Any person who operates a motorboat, jet ski or other motorized vessel in this state shall be deemed to have given his or her consent by the operation thereof, to a preliminary breath analysis and a secondary chemical test of either his or her blood, breath or urine for the purposes of determining the alcoholic content of his or her blood. A preliminary breath test and the secondary chemical test of blood, breath or urine and the results of the tests may be designated, administered, processed, interpreted and used in the same manner as tests designated and administered in accordance with the provisions of article five, chapter seventeen-c of this code.


WVC 20 - 7 - 18 D §20-7-18d. Operation of personal watercrafts.
(a) No person under the age of fifteen may operate a personal watercraft on the waters of this state: Provided, That a person that has attained the age of twelve may operate a personal watercraft if a person eighteen years or older is aboard the personal watercraft.

(b) A person may not operate a personal watercraft unless each person on board or being towed behind is wearing a type I, type II, type III, or type V personal flotation device approved by the United States Coast Guard. Inflatable personal flotation devices do not meet the requirements of this section.

(c) A person operating a personal watercraft equipped by the manufacturer with a lanyard-type engine cutoff switch must attach the lanyard to his or her person, clothing, or personal flotation device as appropriate for the specific vessel.

(d) A person may not operate a personal watercraft at anytime between the hours of sunset and sunrise. However, an agent or employee of a fire rescue, emergency rescue unit, or law-enforcement division is exempt from this subsection while performing his or her official duties.

(e) A personal watercraft must at all times be operated in a reasonable and prudent manner. Maneuvers which unreasonably or unnecessarily endanger life, limb, or property constitute reckless operation of a vessel and include, but are not limited to:

(1) Weaving through congested traffic;

(2) Jumping the wake of another vessel unreasonably or unnecessarily close to the other vessel or when visibility around the other vessel is obstructed or restricted;

(3) Becoming airborne or completely leaving the water while crossing the wake of another vessel within one hundred feet of the vessel creating the wake;

(4) Operating at a greater than slow or no-wake speed within one hundred feet of an anchored or moored vessel, shoreline, dock, pier, swim float, marked swim areas, swimmers, surfers, persons engaged in angling, or any manually powered vessel;

(5) Operating contrary to navigation rules including following too closely to another vessel, including another personal watercraft. For the purpose of this subdivision, "following too closely" is construed as a proceeding in the same direction and operating at a speed in excess of ten miles per hour within one hundred feet to the rear or fifty feet to the side of another vessel which is underway, unless said vessels are operating in a narrow channel, in which case the personal watercraft may operate at the speed and flow of the other vessel traffic within the channel.


WVC 20 - 7 - 19 §20-7-19. Water skiing and surfboarding.
(a) No person shall operate a vessel on any waters of this state towing a person or persons on water skis, surfboard or similar device, nor shall any person engage in water skiing, surfboarding or similar activity at any time between the hours from one hour after sunset to one hour before sunrise.

(b) The provisions of subsection (a) of this section do not apply to a performer engaged in a professional exhibition or a person or persons engaged in an activity authorized under section twenty of this article.

(c) No person shall operate or manipulate any vessel, tow rope or other device by which the direction or location of water skis, surfboard or similar device may be affected or controlled in such a way as to cause water skis, surfboard or similar device, or any person thereon to collide with or strike against any object or person.


WVC 20 - 7 - 19 A §20-7-19a. Towing water skiers and towables.
(a) No person may operate a personal watercraft towing another person on water skis or other towables unless the personal watercraft has, on board, in addition to the operator, a rear-facing observer, who monitors the progress of the person or persons being towed. This rear-facing observer must be at least twelve years of age.

(b) No person may operate a personal watercraft towing another person on water skis or other towables unless the total number of persons operating, observing and being towed does not exceed the specified number of passengers as identified by the manufacturer as the maximum safe load for the vessel.


WVC 20 - 7 - 20 §20-7-20. Regattas, races and exhibitions; applications and permits.
(a) The department may authorize the holding of regattas, motorboat or other boat races, marine parades, tournaments or exhibitions on any waters of this state. It shall adopt and may from time to time amend regulations concerning the safety of motorboats and other vessels and persons thereon, either observers or participants. Whenever a regatta, motorboat or other boat race, marine parade, tournament or exhibition is proposed to be held, the person in charge thereof, shall, at least fifteen days prior thereto, file an application with the director for permission to hold such regatta, motorboat or other boat race, marine parade, tournament or exhibition. The application shall set forth the date, time and location where it is proposed to hold such regatta, motorboat or other boat race, marine parade, tournament or exhibition, and it shall not be conducted without authorization of the director in writing.

(b) The provisions of this section shall not exempt any person from compliance with the applicable federal law or regulation, but nothing contained herein shall be construed to require the securing of a state permit pursuant to this section if a permit therefor has been obtained from an authorized agency of the United States.


WVC 20 - 7 - 20 A §20-7-20a. Personal watercraft operation and towing exemptions.
(a) The provisions of sections eighteen-d and nineteen-a do not apply to a performer engaged in a professional exhibition or a person engaging in an officially sanctioned regatta, race, marine parade, tournament, exhibition, or water safety demonstration.

(b) The provisions of sections eighteen-d and nineteen-a do not apply to a person who holds a valid master's, mate's, or operator's license issued by the United States Coast Guard while performing his or her official duties.


WVC 20 - 7 - 21 §20-7-21. Responsibility of owner, etc., for incapable operators of motorboats.
No person who is the owner of any motorboat, or has such in his charge or control, shall act or permit the same to be operated by any person who, by reason of any physical or mental disability, is incapable of operating such motorboat under all the prevailing circumstances.


WVC 20 - 7 - 22 §20-7-22. General rules and regulations for motorboating; special rules.
The director is hereby authorized and empowered to prescribe and to enforce:

(a) General rules and regulations to be observed in the operation or navigation of motorboats upon, over or through the waters of this state which he shall deem necessary for the public health or safety of persons or property on or in such waters, or for the preservation of all forms of useful aquatic life, particularly as to speed, running, lights, signals, courses, channels, rights-of-way, and the disposal of oil, gas, gasoline or other wastes from such boats;

(b) Special rules and regulations for such particular, artificial or natural areas of water, for further limiting, restricting or prohibiting the operation or navigation of motorboats thereon to protect the public health or to protect and preserve useful aquatic life.


WVC 20 - 7 - 22 A §20-7-22a. Agency rule making for personal watercrafts.
The director of the division of natural resources shall propose rules, including the personal watercraft safety orientation requirements for livery owners and operators, for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of subdivision thirty, section seven, article one of this chapter and section one, article one, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code which effectuate the contents of sections eleven, sixteen, eighteen-d, nineteen-a and twenty-a of this article.


WVC 20 - 7 - 23 §20-7-23. Local rules.

(a) The provisions of this article, and of other applicable laws of this state, shall govern the operation, equipment, numbering and all other matters relating thereto whenever any vessel shall be operated on the waters of this state, or when any activity regulated by this article shall take place thereon, but nothing in this article shall be construed to prevent the adoption of any ordinance or local law relating to operation and equipment of vessels the provisions of which are identical to the provisions of this article, amendments thereto or rules promulgated thereunder: Provided, That such ordinances or local laws shall be operative only so long as to the extent that they continue to be identical to provisions of this article, amendments thereto or rules promulgated thereunder.

(b) Any subdivision of this state may, at any time, but only after public notice, make formal application to the director for special rules with reference to the operation of vessels on any waters within its territorial limits and shall set forth therein the reasons which make such special rules necessary or appropriate.

(c) The director is hereby authorized to promulgate special rules with reference to the operation of vessels on any waters within the territorial limits of any subdivision of this state.

(d) The director shall immediately promulgate an emergency rule pursuant to the provisions of section fifteen, article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, providing for the use ofelectric motors on the waters of Miletree lake in Roane County.


WVC 20 - 7 - 24 §20-7-24.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 7 - 25 §20-7-25.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 7 - 26 §20-7-26.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 7 - 27 §20-7-27.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 7 - 28 §20-7-28.
Repealed.

Acts, 2001 Reg. Sess., Ch. 193.
WVC 20 - 7 - 29 §20-7-29.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 7 A- ARTICLE 7A. CAVE PROTECTION.


WVC 20 - 7 A- 1 §20-7A-1. Definitions.
Unless the context in which used clearly requires a different meaning, as used in this article:

(a) "Cave" means any naturally occurring subterranean cavity. The word "cave" includes or is synonymous with cavern, pit, pothole, well, sinkhole and grotto.

(b) "Commercial cave" means any cave with improved trails and lighting utilized by the owner for the purpose of exhibition to the general public as a profit or nonprofit enterprise, wherein a fee is collected for entry.

(c) "Gate" means any structure or device located to limit or prohibit access or entry to any cave.

(d) "Person or persons" means any individual, partnership, firm, association, trust or corporation.

(e) "Speleothem" means a natural mineral formation or deposit occurring in a cave. This includes or is synonymous with stalagmites, stalactites, helictites, anthodites, gypsum flowers, needles, angel's hair, soda straws, draperies, bacon, cave pearls, popcorn (coral), rimstone dams, columns, palettes, flowstone, et cetera. Speleothems are commonly composed of calcite, epsomite, gypsum, aragonite, celestite and other similar minerals.

(f) "Owner" means a person who owns title to land where a cave is located, including a person who owns title to a leasehold estate in such land.


WVC 20 - 7 A- 2 §20-7A-2. Vandalism; penalties.
It is unlawful for any person, without express, prior, written permission of the owner, to willfully or knowingly:

(a) Break, break off, crack, carve upon, write, burn or otherwise mark upon, remove, or in any manner destroy, disturb, deface, mar or harm the surfaces of any cave or any natural material therein, including speleothems;

(b) Disturb or alter in any manner the natural condition of any cave;

(c) Break, force, tamper with or otherwise disturb a lock, gate, door or other obstruction designed to control or prevent access to any cave, even though entrance thereto may not be gained.

Any person violating a provision of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one hundred fifty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, and in addition thereto, may be imprisoned in the county jail for not less than ten days nor more than six months.


WVC 20 - 7 A- 3 §20-7A-3. Sale of speleothems unlawful; penalties.
It is unlawful to sell or offer for sale any speleothems in this state, or to export them for sale outside the state. A person who violates any of the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one hundred fifty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars and in addition thereto, may be imprisoned in the county jail for not less than ten days nor more than six months.


WVC 20 - 7 A- 4 §20-7A-4. Biological policy; penalties for violation.
It is unlawful to remove, kill, harm or disturb any plant or animal life found within any cave: Provided, That scientific collecting permits may be obtained from the director as provided in section fifty, article two of this chapter. Gates employed at the entrance or at any point within any cave shall be of open construction to allow free and unimpeded passage of air, insects, bats and aquatic fauna. A person who violates any provision of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than two hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars and in addition thereto, may be imprisoned in the county jail for not less than fifteen days nor more than six months.


WVC 20 - 7 A- 5 §20-7A-5. Archaeology; permits for excavation; how obtained; prohibitions; penalties.
(a) No person may excavate, remove, destroy, injure or deface any historic or prehistoric ruins, burial grounds, archaeological or paleontological site including saltpeter workings, relics or inscriptions, fossilized footprints, bones or any other such features which may be found in any cave.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, a permit to excavate or remove archaeological, paleontological, prehistoric and historic features may be obtained from the director of natural resources. Such permit shall be issued for a period of two years and may be renewed at expiration. It is not transferable but this does not preclude persons from working under the direct supervision of the person holding the permit.

A person applying for such a permit must:

(1) Provide a detailed statement to the director of natural resources giving the reasons and objectives for excavation or removal and the benefits expected to be obtained from the contemplated work.

(2) Provide data and results of any completed excavation, study or collection at the first of each calendar year.

(3) Obtain the prior written permission of the director of natural resources if the site of the proposed excavation is on state-owned lands and prior written permission of the owner if the site of such proposed excavation is on privately owned land.

(4) Carry the permit while exercising the privileges granted.

A person who violates any provision of subsection (a) of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, and may be imprisoned in the county jail for not less than ten days nor more than six months. A person who violates any of the provisions of subsection (b) of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, and the permit herein authorized shall be revoked.


WVC 20 - 7 A- 6 §20-7A-6. Liability of owners and agents.
(a) Neither the owner of a cave nor his authorized agents acting within the scope of their authority are liable for injuries sustained by any person using such features for recreational or scientific purpose if the prior consent of the owner has been obtained and if no charge has been made for the use of such features.

(b) An owner of a commercial cave is not liable for an injury sustained by a spectator who has paid to view the cave, unless such injury is sustained as a result of such owner's negligence in connection with the providing and maintaining of trails, stairs, electrical wires or other modifications, and such negligence is the proximate cause of the injury.


WVC 20 - 8 - ARTICLE 8. GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.


WVC 20 - 8 - 1 §20-8-1. Transition in terms; continuity.

Whenever in this code and elsewhere in law the terms "the conservation commission of West Virginia," "conservation commission," "director of conservation" and similar and related terms are used and referenced, they shall be read, understood and construed in the light of the enactment of this chapter by which the conservation commission and the office of director of conservation are abolished and the responsibilities, functions and services thereof are transferred to and absorbed in the division of natural resources, the natural resources commission and the office of director of the division of natural resources as in this chapter provided.

Any litigation instituted, entered into or pending to which any of the governmental corporations and agencies abolished by this chapter are named parties may be continued and prosecuted to completion in such party names or, at the option of the litigants and by leave of court, such party names may be amended or changed to correspond with the names of the successor governmental corporations and agencies as in this chapter provided.

All contracts, compacts and agreements, heretofore entered into by any of the governmental corporations and agencies hereby abolished, shall continue to be the obligations of the respective successor corporations and agencies as in this chapter provided. No provision of this chapter shall be construed as impairing the obligation of any contract.


WVC 20 - 8 - 2 §20-8-2. Transfer of records, appropriations, facilities and other properties and assets.
As of the effective date of this chapter, the records, funds, unexpended appropriations, facilities, equipment and real and personal properties and assets of every kind and character belonging to, owned by or in the custody and control of any governmental corporation, agency, office or activity abolished or transferred to and absorbed in the department of natural resources by the provisions of this chapter shall be by each such governmental corporation, agency, office or activity transferred and delivered to the department of natural resources or to the identifiable successor to the abolished corporation, agency, office or activity as in this chapter established and constituted. It is the intent and purpose of the provisions of this section that continuity in the governmental operations, functions and services affected by this transition shall not be interrupted or impeded.


WVC 20 - 8 - 3 §20-8-3. Construction of chapter; severability.
The provisions of this chapter shall be liberally construed to effect the objects and purposes hereof. The provisions of the chapter shall be construed to be separable and severable and in the event any clause, sentence or provision hereof shall for any reason be construed or held to be unconstitutional or invalid, such unconstitutionality or invalidity shall not affect or impair the remaining provisions hereof.


WVC 20 - 8 - 4 §20-8-4. Effective date.
The provisions of this chapter shall become effective on the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred sixty-one.


WVC 20 - 9 - ARTICLE 9. BOAT DOCK AND MARINA SAFETY REQUIREMENTS -- THE MICHAEL CUNNINGHAM ACT.
WVC 20 - 9 - 1 §20-9-1. Definitions.

     As used in this article:

     (1) "ABYC" means the American Boat and Yacht Council;

     (2) "Boat dock" means a man-made structure that protrudes into a body of water for the purpose of mooring a boat or for other water-related recreation, including boat liveries, and that is connected to an electrical power source in any manner: Provided, That "boat dock" does not include structures that are privately owned and used exclusively by the owner or the owner's guests for noncommercial purposes;

     (3) "Boat dock or marina owner or operator" means any person who:

     (A) Has an ownership interest in a boat dock or marina, other than a lienholder; or

     (B) Operates a boat dock or marina;

     (4) "Ground fault circuit interrupter" means a device that functions to de-energize a circuit, or a portion thereof, within an established period of time when current to ground exceeds a predetermined value that is less than required to operate the over current protective device of the supply circuit;

     (5) "Marina" means a dock including a boat dock or basin providing moorings for motorboats and offering supply, repair or other services, including electrical power supply, for remuneration: Provided, That "marina" does not include docks that are privately owned and used exclusively by the owner or the owner's guests for noncommercial purposes;

     (6) "Motorboat" means any vessel propelled by an electrical, steam, gas, diesel or other propelled or driven motor, whether or not the motor is the principal source of propulsion, but does not include a vessel with a valid marine document issued by the United States Bureau of Customs or any federal agency that is the successor to the Bureau of Customs;

     (7) "Person" means an individual, partnership, firm, corporation, association or other entity; and

     (8) "Vessel" means every description of watercraft, other than a seaplane on the water, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on the water.
WVC 20 - 9 - 2 §20-9-2. Boat Dock and Marina Safety Requirements - Swimming   and Signage.

     All boat dock or marina owners or operators shall install permanent safety signage with print legible at eighty feet of distance and placed to give adequate notice, to persons using the boat dock or marina or swimming near the boat dock or marina, of the electric shock hazard risks of the waters around the boat dock or marina. The signage shall state: "ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD RISK: NO SWIMMING WITHIN 100 YARDS OF THE BOAT DOCK".
WVC 20 - 9 - 3 §20-9-3. Boat Dock and Marina Safety Requirements-Electrical Shock and Electrocution.

  All boat dock or marina owners or operators shall comply with the following requirements to prevent electrical shock, electrocution or injury to users of their facilities and the surrounding areas:

  (1) All electrical wiring involving 110 AC or 220 AC shall be installed by and maintained by a holder of a valid West Virginia journeyman electrician license or master electrician license in accordance with the most recently adopted versions of the National Fire Protection Association's Standards for Marinas and Boatyards (NFPA 303) and the National Electric Code (NFPA 70);

  (2) Install ground fault circuit interrupters on all boat dock and marina electrical wiring circuits; and

  (3) Cause an inspection before August 1, 2014 and at least once every three years thereafter by a West Virginia licensed electrical inspector of all sources of electrical supply, including ship-to-shore power pedestals, submergible pumps, and sewage pump-out facilities, that could result in unsafe electrical current in the water.
WVC 20 - 9 - 4 §20-9-4. Compliance date and Enforcement.

     Each boat dock and marina shall be in full compliance with this article by August 1, 2014. The penalties contained in section seven of this article apply only to conduct on or after August 1, 2014. Enforcement of sections three and four of this article regarding the work of electricians shall be conducted by the State Fire Marshal.
WVC 20 - 9 - 5 §20-9-5. Rule-making Authority.

     The State Fire Marshal may promulgate emergency rules pursuant to the provisions of section fifteen, article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code and shall propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to implement the provisions of this article and incorporate boat dock and marina safety standards for electricians, including, but not limited to, the National Fire Protection Association's Standards for Marinas and Boatyards (NFPA 303), Article 555 of the National Electric Code and ABYC Standards Projects E-2, E-10 and E-11, as appropriate to the West Virginia waterways.
WVC 20 - 9 - 6 §20-9-6.

Penalties.

     (a) A boat dock or marina owner or operator who violates sections two or three of this article and the violation does not result in the injury or death of a person, shall, for the first offense, be issued a warning citation with no court appearance or penalty, and for a second or subsequent offense, be fined $100. After a boat dock or marina owner or operator is put on notice of a violation of sections two or three of this article and is directed to cure the violation within a certain amount of time, each and every day that the violation continues after the time given to cure shall constitute a separate offense.

     (b) A boat dock or marina owner or operator who violates sections two or three of this article, and the violation results in the injury of a person, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be fined not more than $500, and for a second offense or subsequent offense shall be fined not more than $1,000 or confined in jail for not more than six months, or both fined and confined.

     (c) A boat dock or marina owner who violates sections two or three of this article, and the violation results in the death of a person, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall fined not more than $1,000 or confined in jail for not more than one year, or both fined and confined.
WVC 20 - 10 - ARTICLE 10. COMMERCIAL HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITY SITING BOARD.


WVC 20 - 10 - 1 §§20-10-1 to 20-10-8.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 10 A- ARTICLE 10A. HAZARDOUS WASTE FACILITY SITING APPROVAL.


WVC 20 - 10 A- 1 §§20-10A-1 to 20-10A-3.

Repealed.

Acts, 1994 Reg. Sess., Ch. 61.


WVC 20 - 11 - ARTICLE 11. WEST VIRGINIA RECYCLING PROGRAM.


WVC 20 - 11 - 1 §20-11-1.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 11 - 2 §20-11-2.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 11 - 3 §20-11-3.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 11 - 4 §20-11-4.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 11 - 5 §20-11-5.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 11 - 5 A §20-11-5a.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 3rd Ex. Sess., Ch. 9.


WVC 20 - 11 - 5 B §20-11-5b.
Repealed.

Acts, 2000 Reg. Sess., Ch. 129.


WVC 20 - 11 - 6 §20-11-6.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 11 - 7 §20-11-7.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 11 - 8 §20-11-8.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 11 - 9 §20-11-9.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 11 - 10 §20-11-10.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 11 - 11 §20-11-11.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 11 - 12 §20-11-12.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 199.


WVC 20 - 12 - ARTICLE 12. CONSERVATION AND PRESERVATION EASEMENTS.


WVC 20 - 12 - 1 §20-12-1. Short title.
This article shall be known and may be cited as the "Conservation and Preservation Easements Act".
WVC 20 - 12 - 2 §20-12-2. Purpose of article.
The West Virginia Legislature recognizes the importance and significant public benefit of conservation and preservation easements in its ongoing efforts to protect the natural, historic, agricultural, open-space and scenic resources of this state.


WVC 20 - 12 - 3 §20-12-3. Definitions.
The following words and phrases when used in this article have the meanings given to them in this section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

(a) "Conservation easement" means a nonpossessory interest of a holder in real property, whether appurtenant or in gross, imposing limitations or affirmative obligations, the purposes of which include, but are not limited to, retaining or protecting for the public benefit the natural, scenic or open-space values of real property; assuring its availability for agricultural, forest, recreational or open-space use; protecting natural resources and wildlife; maintaining or enhancing land, air or water quality; or preserving the historical, architectural, archaeological or cultural aspects of real property.

(b) "Holder" means:

(1) A governmental body empowered to hold an interest in real property under the laws of this state or the United States.

(2) A charitable corporation, charitable association or charitable trust registered with the secretary of state and exempt from taxation pursuant to Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (Public Law 99-514, 26 U.S.C. Section 501(c)(3), or other federal or state statutes or rules, the purposes or powers of which include retaining or protecting the natural, scenic, agricultural or open-space values of real property; assuring the availability of real property for agricultural, forest, recreational or open-space use; protecting natural resources and wildlife; maintaining or enhancing land, air or water quality; or preserving the historical, architectural, archaeological or cultural aspects of real property.

(c) "Preservation easement" means a nonpossessory interest in an historical building.

(d) "Third-party right of enforcement" means a right provided in a conservation or preservation easement, in order to enforce any of its terms, granted to a governmental body, charitable corporation, charitable association or charitable trust, which, although eligible to be a holder, is not a holder.


WVC 20 - 12 - 4 §20-12-4. Creation, transfer and duration.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this article, a conservation or preservation easement may be created, conveyed, recorded, assigned, released, modified, terminated or otherwise altered or affected in the same manner as other easements.

(b) No right or duty of a holder, successive holder named in the easement deed or person having a third-party right of enforcement arises under a conservation or preservation easement before the easement's acceptance by the holder, successive holder or third party with right of enforcement and a recordation of the acceptance.

(c) Except as provided in subsection (b), section five of this article, a conservation or preservation easement created after the effective date of this article may be perpetual in duration, but in no event shall be for a duration of less than twenty-five years.

(d) An interest in real property in existence at the time a conservation or preservation easement is created, including an unrecorded lease for the production of minerals or removal of timber, shall not be impaired unless the owner of such interest is a party to the easement or expressly consents to comply with the restriction of such easement.


WVC 20 - 12 - 5 §20-12-5. Judicial and related actions.
(a) An action affecting a conservation or preservation easement may be brought by any of the following:

(1) An owner of an interest in the real property burdened by the easement;

(2) A holder of the easement;

(3) A person having a third-party right of enforcement; or

(4) A person, agency or entity otherwise authorized by state or federal law.

(b) This article does not affect the power of a court to modify or terminate a conservation or preservation easement in accordance with the principles of law and equity consistent with the public policy of this article as stated under section two of this article, when the easement is broadly construed to effect that policy. Notwithstanding provision of law to the contrary, conservation and preservation easements shall be liberally construed in favor of the grants contained therein to effect the purposes of those easements and the policy and purpose of this article.

(c) A holder, governmental entity or other person may not exercise the right of eminent domain or the power of condemnation to acquire a conservation easement without condemning or exercising the right of eminent domain as to the entire fee interest of the property: Provided, That any public utility regulated pursuant to the provisions of chapter twenty-four of this code or any public service enterprise subject to the provisions of the Natural Gas Act, title XV, United States Code, Section 717, et seq., or the Federal Power Act, title XV, United States Code, Section 794a, et seq., or any successor statute for the regulation of public utility or public service business, may condemn land or an interest in land subject to a conservation or preservation easement for any purpose authorized by the governing regulatory statute or by the administrative agency established under the statute. Nothing in this article may be construed to limit the lawful exercise of the right of eminent domain or the power of condemnation by any person or entity having such power, or the right of any real property owner to compensation by reason of the lawful exercise of such right of eminent domain or power of condemnation for any estate or interest in real property except a conservation or preservation easement authorized by this article.


WVC 20 - 12 - 6 §20-12-6. Validity.
(a) A conservation or preservation easement is valid even though:

(1) It is not appurtenant to an interest in real property;

(2) It can be or has been assigned to another holder;

(3) It is not of a character that has been recognized traditionally as common law;

(4) It imposes a negative burden;

(5) It imposes affirmative obligations upon the owner of an interest in the burdened property or upon the holder;

(6) The benefit does not touch or concern real property; or (7) There is no privity of estate or of contract.

(b) To be enforceable under the provisions of this article, a conservation or preservation easement shall be recorded within sixty days of the effective date of the easement. Upon proper recording, the provisions of this article apply retroactively to the effective date of the easement.


WVC 20 - 12 - 7 §20-12-7. Applicability.
(a) This article applies to any interest created after the effective date of this article, whether designated as a conservation or preservation easement or as a covenant, equitable servitude, restriction, easement or otherwise.

(b) This article applies to any interest created before the effective date when the interest would have been enforceable had it been created after its effective date, unless retroactive application contravenes the constitution or laws of the United States or of this state. No conservation easement or preservation easement created prior to the effective date of this article may be invalidated by reason of the enactment of this article when the conservation easement or preservation easement was valid under the law in effect at the time of its creation.

(c) This article does not invalidate any interest, whether designated as a conservation or preservation easement or as a covenant, equitable servitude, restriction, easement or otherwise, that is enforceable under another law of this state.


WVC 20 - 12 - 8 §20-12-8. Uniformity of application and construction.
This article shall be applied and construed to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the laws with respect to the subject of this article among states enacting similar laws. Except as expressly otherwise provided, nothing contained in this article is intended to be construed to alter applicable established common law. In a manner consistent with common law, the granting of a conservation or preservation easement shall not subsequently restrict the right of the fee owner to further grant any other interest in real property to any person or entity when the grant does not materially impair the prior conservation or preservation easement. When a fee holder grants an interest beyond the conservation or preservation easement, he shall notify the holder of any conservation or preservation easement at least forty-five days prior to the execution of any subsequent easement or any other conveyance of an interest in land encompassed by the conservation or preservation easement.


WVC 20 - 13 - ARTICLE 13. WEST VIRGINIA STREAM PARTNERS PROGRAM.


WVC 20 - 13 - 1 §20-13-1. Short title.
This article shall be known and cited as the "West Virginia Stream Partners Program Act."


WVC 20 - 13 - 2 §20-13-2. Legislative findings and purpose.
The Legislature finds that efforts to restore, protect and utilize West Virginia's rivers and streams for public health, recreation, commercial and habitat uses are most successful when citizens work in partnership with state agencies to manage the state's rivers and streams by combining community resources, local initiative and state agency support.

It is the purpose of the Legislature, therefore, to establish a program to encourage citizens to work in partnership with appropriate state agencies so that the state's rivers and streams: (a) Are safe for swimming, fishing and other forms of recreation; (b) can support appropriate public and commercial purposes; and (c) can provide habitat for plant and animal life.


WVC 20 - 13 - 3 §20-13-3. West Virginia Stream Partners Program created; executive committee identified; program coordination.
Subject to annual appropriation of the Legislature, the program shall be jointly administered by the Division of Natural Resources, the Department of Environmental Protection, the Division of Forestry and the West Virginia State Soil Conservation Agency. The director, secretary or commissioner of each of these administering agencies, or his or her designee, collectively constitute an executive committee to oversee the program. The Governor shall designate a member of the executive committee to serve as chair. The committee may designate a staff member from the existing staff of one of the administering agencies to coordinate the program on behalf of the executive committee.


WVC 20 - 13 - 4 §20-13-4. Stream Partners Program.
The West Virginia Stream Partners Program shall provide grants to groups comprised of representatives located in the immediate area of the stream or streams being addressed that are dedicated to achieving the purpose stated in section two of this article. The grants shall be awarded by consensus of the executive committee in accordance with legislative rules promulgated by the Department of Environmental Protection pursuant to article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code. Each grant shall be matched by the group of representatives with cash or in-kind services in, at least, an amount equal to twenty percent of the grant: Provided, That no grant shall exceed the amount of five thousand dollars.


WVC 20 - 13 - 5 §20-13-5. Grant qualifications.
In order to qualify for grants from the West Virginia Stream Partners Program, a group of representatives located in the immediate area of a stream or streams which qualify under section two of this article shall apply to the executive committee in accordance with the following requirements and in accordance with any other provision of this article or any applicable rule. The application shall:

(a) Identify the stream or streams to be restored, protected, utilized or enhanced;

(b) Identify the representatives of groups applying for funds and the financially responsible entity to receive funds, all from the geographic area immediately surrounding the stream or streams. These identified individuals shall represent the general public, industry, environmental groups, sportsmen, forestry, agriculture, local government, tourism, recreation and affected landowners, all located in the geographic area immediately surrounding the stream or streams;

(c) Demonstrate an ability to achieve, within the grant year, a specific improvement project that enhances the identified stream or streams; and

(d) Evidence a commitment to educate the citizens in the area of the identified stream or streams about the benefits of restoring, protecting and enhancing the stream or streams in a responsible manner.


WVC 20 - 13 - 6 §20-13-6. Administering agency support.
The administering agencies may provide staff and other resources as necessary to address the technical assistance and administrative needs of the West Virginia Stream Partners Program. This support may include the utilization of resources and formulation of policies to achieve the purpose set forth in section two of this article.


WVC 20 - 14 - ARTICLE 14. HATFIELD-MCCOY REGIONAL RECREATION AUTHORITY.


WVC 20 - 14 - 1 §20-14-1. Legislative findings.
The West Virginia Legislature finds that there is a significant need within the state and throughout the eastern United States for well-managed facilities for trail-oriented recreation for off-highway vehicle enthusiasts, mountain bicyclists, equestrians and others. The Legislature further finds that under an appropriate contractual and management scheme, well-managed, trail-oriented, recreation facilities could exist on private property without diminishing the landowner's interest, control or profitability in the land and without increasing the landowner's exposure to liability.

The Legislature further finds that, with the cooperation of private landowners, there is an opportunity to provide trail-oriented recreation facilities primarily on private property in the mountainous terrain of southern West Virginia and that the facilities will provide significant economic and recreational benefits to the state and to the communities in southern West Virginia through increased tourism in the same manner as whitewater rafting and snow skiing benefit the state and communities surrounding those activities.

The Legislature further finds that the creation and empowering of a statutory corporation to work with the landowners, county officials and community leaders, state and federal government agencies, recreational user groups and other interested parties to enable and facilitate the implementation of the facilities will greatly assist in the realization of these potential benefits.

The Legislature further finds that it is in the best interests of the state to encourage private landowners to make available for public use through the Hatfield-McCoy regional recreation authority land for these recreational purposes by limiting their liability for injury to persons entering thereon, by limiting their liability for injury to the property of persons entering thereon and by limiting their liability to persons who may be injured or otherwise damaged by the acts or omissions of persons entering thereon.


WVC 20 - 14 - 2 §20-14-2. Definitions.
Unless the context clearly requires a different meaning, the terms used in this section have the following meanings:

(a) "Authority" means the Hatfield-McCoy regional recreational authority;

(b) "Board" means the board of the Hatfield-McCoy regional recreation authority;

(c) "Charge" means, for purposes of limiting liability for recreational purposes set forth in this article, the amount of money asked in return for an invitation to enter or go upon the land, including a one-time fee for a particular event, amusement, occurrence, adventure, incident, experience or occasion as set by the authority: Provided, That the authority may set charges in differing amounts for different categories of participants, including, but not limited to, in-state and out-of-state participants, as the authority sees fit;

(d) "Hatfield-McCoy recreation area" means a system of recreational trails and appurtenant facilities, including trail head centers, parking areas, camping facilities, picnic areas, recreational areas, historic or cultural interpretive sites and other facilities that are a part of the system;

(e) "Land" includes, but is not limited to, roads, water, watercourses, private ways and buildings, structures and machinery or equipment thereon when attached to the realty;

(f) "Owner" includes, but is not limited to, tenant, lessee, occupant or person in control of the premises;

(g) "Recreational purposes" includes, but is not limited to, any one or any combination of the following noncommercial recreational activities: Hunting, fishing, swimming, boating, camping, picnicking, hiking, pleasure driving, motorcycle or all-terrain vehicle riding, bicycling, horseback riding, nature study, water skiing, winter sports and visiting, viewing or enjoying historical, archaeological, scenic or scientific sites or otherwise using land for purposes of the user;

(h) "Participating county" means the counties of Boone, Lincoln, Logan, McDowell, Mingo, Wayne and Wyoming and, with the approval of the board, any other county or counties where trails and other recreational facilities relating to the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area are developed in the future with the cooperation of the county commission.


WVC 20 - 14 - 3 §20-14-3. Creation; appointment of board; terms.

(a) There is hereby created the "Hatfield-McCoy regional recreation authority" which is a public corporation and a government instrumentality existing for the purpose of enabling and facilitating the development and operation of a system of trail-oriented recreation facilities for use by off-highway vehicle enthusiasts, equestrians, mountain bicyclists and others. This recreational trail system shall be located in southern West Virginia with significant portions of the recreational trail system being located on private property made available for use through lease, license, easement or other appropriate legal form by a willing landowner.

(b) The authority shall be governed by a board of at least seventeen members who shall be representative of the various interests involved in the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area project in the southern region of the state and who shall be appointed as follows:

(1) The county commission of each participating county, as defined in section two of this article, shall appoint two members of the board as follows:

(A) One member who represents and is associated with a corporation or individual landowner whose land is being used or is expected to be used in the future as part of the Hatfield-McCoyrecreation area project. This member shall be appointed to a four-year term.

(B) One member who represents and is associated with travel and tourism or economic development efforts within the county. The initial appointment shall be for a two-year term, but all subsequent appointments shall be for a four-year term.

(2) The members of the board appointed under subdivision (1), subsection (b) of this section by the county commissions shall appoint three additional board members, at least two of whom represent and are associated with recreational users of the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area project. These members shall serve three-year terms.

(3) The following three persons shall serve as nonvoting members representing the state: The director of the division of travel and tourism, the director of the division of natural resources, and the director of the division of forestry, or their respective designees.

Any appointed member whose term has expired shall serve until his or her successor has been duly appointed and qualified. Any person appointed to fill a vacancy shall serve only for the unexpired term. Any appointed member is eligible for reappointment. Members of the board are not entitled to compensation for services performed as members but are entitled toreimbursement for all reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred in the performance of their duties.

(c) Before the authority issues any revenue bonds or revenue refunding bonds under the authority of this article, each appointed voting member of the board shall execute a surety bond in the penal sum of twenty-five thousand dollars and the officers and executive director of the board shall each execute a surety bond in the penal sum of fifty thousand dollars. Each surety bond shall be conditioned upon the faithful performance of the duties of the member, officer or director, shall be executed by a surety company authorized to transact business in this state as surety and shall be approved by the governor and filed in the office of the secretary of state. The authority shall pay premiums on the surety bonds from funds accruing to the authority.


WVC 20 - 14 - 4 §20-14-4. Board; quorum; executive director; expenses.

The board is the governing body of the authority and the board shall exercise all the powers given the authority in this article.

The board shall meet quarterly, unless a special meeting is called by its chairman: Provided, That on the second Monday of July of each even-numbered year, or as soon thereafter as feasible, the board shall meet to elect a chairman, secretary and treasurer from among its own members.

A majority of the members of the board constitutes a quorum, and a quorum shall be present for the board to conduct business. Unless the bylaws require a larger number, action may be taken by majority vote of the members present.

The board shall prescribe, amend, and repeal bylaws and rules governing the manner in which the business of the authority is conducted and shall review and approve an annual budget.

The board shall appoint an executive director to act as its chief executive officer, to serve at the will and pleasure of the board. The board, acting through its executive director, may employ any other personnel considered necessary and may appoint counsel and legal staff for the authority and retain such temporary engineering, financial and other consultants or technicians as may be required for any special study or survey consistent with the provisions of this article. The executive director shall carry outplans to implement the provisions of this article and to exercise those powers enumerated in the bylaws. The executive director shall prepare annually a budget to be submitted to the board for its review and approval.

All costs incidental to the administration of the authority, including office expenses, personal services expense and current expense, shall be paid in accordance with guidelines issued by the board from funds accruing to the authority.

All expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of this article shall be payable solely from funds provided under the authority of this article and no liability or obligation may be incurred by the authority under this article beyond the extent to which moneys have been provided under the authority of this article.


WVC 20 - 14 - 5 §20-14-5. Powers of authority.
The authority, as a public corporation and governmental instrumentality exercising public powers of the state, may exercise all powers necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this article, including, but not limited to, the power:

(1) To acquire, own, hold and dispose of property, real and personal, tangible and intangible;

(2) To lease property, whether as lessee or lessor, and to acquire or grant through easement, license or other appropriate legal form, the right to develop and use property and open it to the use of the public;

(3) To mortgage or otherwise grant security interests in its property;

(4) To procure insurance against any losses in connection with its property, license or easements, contracts, including hold- harmless agreements, operations or assets in such amounts and from such insurers as the authority considers desirable;

(5) To maintain such sinking funds and reserves as the board determines appropriate for the purposes of meeting future monetary obligations and needs of the authority;

(6) To sue and be sued, implead and be impleaded and complain and defend in any court;

(7) To contract for the provision of legal services by private counsel and, notwithstanding the provisions of article three, chapter five of this code, the counsel may, in addition to the provisions of other legal services, represent the authority in court, negotiate contracts and other agreements on behalf of the authority, render advice to the authority on any matter relating to the authority, prepare contracts and other agreements and provide such other legal services as may be requested by the authority;

(8) To adopt, use and alter at will a corporate seal;

(9) To make, amend, repeal and adopt bylaws for the management and regulation of its affairs;

(10) To appoint officers, agents and employees and to contract for and engage the services of consultants;

(11) To make contracts of every kind and nature and to execute all instruments necessary or convenient for carrying on its business, including contracts with any other governmental agency of this state or of the federal government or with any person, individual, partnership or corporation to effect any or all of the purposes of this article;

(12) Without in any way limiting any other subdivision of this section, to accept grants and loans from and enter into contracts and other transactions with any federal agency;

(13) To maintain an office at such places within the state as it may designate;

(14) To borrow money and to issue its bonds, security interests or notes and to provide for and secure the payment of the bonds, security interests or notes and to provide for the rights of the holders of the bonds, security interests or notes and to purchase, hold and dispose of any of its bonds, security interests or notes;

(15) To sell, at public or private sale, any bond or other negotiable instrument, security interest or obligation of the authority in such manner and upon such terms as the authority considers would best serve the purposes of this article;

(16) To issue its bonds, security interests and notes payable solely from the revenues or other funds available to the authority, and the authority may issue its bonds, security interests or notes in such principal amounts as it considers necessary to provide funds for any purpose under this article, including:

(A) The payment, funding or refunding of the principal of, interest on or redemption premiums on, any bonds, security interests or notes issued by it whether the bonds, security interests, notes or interest to be funded or refunded have or have not become due;

(B) The establishment or increase of reserves to secure or to pay bonds, security interests, notes or the interest on the bonds, security interest or notes and all other costs or expenses of the authority incident to and necessary or convenient to carry out its corporate purposes and powers. Any bonds, security interests or notes may be additionally secured by a pledge of any revenues, funds, assets or moneys of the authority from any source whatsoever;

(17) To issue renewal notes or security interests, to issue bonds to pay notes or security interests and, whenever it considers refunding expedient, to refund any bonds by the issuance of new bonds, whether the bonds to be refunded have or have not matured except that no renewal notes may be issued to mature more than ten years from the date of issuance of the notes renewed and no refunding bonds may be issued to mature more than twenty-five years from the date of issuance;

(18) To apply the proceeds from the sale of renewal notes, security interests of refunding bonds to the purchase, redemption or payment of the notes, security interests or bonds to be refunded;

(19) To accept gifts or grants of property, funds, security interests, money, materials, labor, supplies or services from the federal government or from any governmental unit or any person, firm or corporation and to carry out the terms or provisions of or make agreements with respect to or pledge any gifts or grants and to do any and all things necessary, useful, desirable or convenient in connection with the procuring, acceptance or disposition of gifts or grants;

(20) To the extent permitted under its contracts with the holders of bonds, security interests or notes of the authority, to consent to any modification of the rate of interest, time of payment of any installment of principal or interest, security or any other term of any bond, security interest, note, contract or agreement of any kind to which the authority is a party;

(21) To sell security interests in the loan portfolio of the authority. The security interests shall be evidenced by instruments issued by the authority. Proceeds from the sale of security interests may be issued in the same manner and for the same purposes as bond and note venues;

(22) To promulgate legislative rules in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code as necessary to implement and make effective the powers, duties and responsibilities invested in the authority by the provisions of this article and otherwise by law, including regulation of the conduct of persons using the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this code to the contrary, until the Legislature has authorized the rules, the authority may promulgate emergency rules for those purposes pursuant to section fifteen, article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code;

(23) To construct, reconstruct, improve, maintain, repair, operate and manage the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area at the locations within the state as may be determined by the authority;

(24) To exercise all power and authority provided in this article necessary and convenient to plan, finance, construct, renovate, maintain and operate or oversee the operation of the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area at such locations within the state as may be determined by the authority;

(25) To exercise such other and additional powers as may be necessary or appropriate for the exercise of the powers conferred in this section;

(26) To exercise all of the powers which a corporation may lawfully exercise under the laws of this state;

(27) To provide for law enforcement within the Hatfield-McCoy recreational area by appointing rangers as provided in section six of this article;

(28) To develop, maintain and operate or to contract for the development, maintenance and operation of the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area;

(29) To enter into contract with landowners and other persons holding an interest in the land being used for its recreational facilities to hold those landowners and other persons harmless with respect to any claim in tort growing out of the use of the land for public recreation or growing out of the recreational activities operated or managed by the authority from any claim except a claim for damages proximately caused by the willful or malicious conduct of the landowner or other person or any of his or her agents or employees;

(30) To assess and collect a reasonable fee from those persons who use the trails, parking facilities, visitor centers or other facilities which are part of the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area and to retain and utilize that revenue for any purposes consistent with this article;

(31) To cooperate with the states of Kentucky and Virginia and appropriate state and local officials and community leaders in those states to connect the trails of the West Virginia portion of the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area with similar recreation facilities in those states;

(32) To enter into contracts or other appropriate legal arrangements with landowners under which their land is made available for use as part of the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area; and

(33) To directly operate and manage recreation activities and facilities within the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area.


WVC 20 - 14 - 6 §20-14-6. Hatfield-McCoy recreation area rangers.
The board is hereby authorized to appoint bona fide residents of this state to act as Hatfield-McCoy recreation area rangers upon any premises which are part of the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area, subject to the conditions and restrictions imposed by this section. Before performing the duties of ranger, each appointed person shall qualify for the position of ranger in the same manner as is required of county officers by the taking and filing of an oath of office as required by section one, article one, chapter six of this code and by posting an official bond as required by section one, article two, chapter six of this code. To facilitate the performance of the duties of a ranger, a ranger may carry a firearm or other dangerous weapon while the ranger is on duty.

It is the duty of any person appointed and qualified to preserve law and order on any premises which are part of the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area, the immediately adjacent property of landowners who are making land available for public use under agreement with the authority and on streets, highways or other public lands utilized by the trails, parking areas or related recreational facilities and other immediately adjacent public lands. For this purpose, the ranger shall be considered to be a law-enforcement officer in accordance with the provisions of section one, article twenty-nine, chapter thirty of this code and, as to offenses committed within those areas, have and may exercise all the powers and authority and are subject to all the requirements and responsibilities of a law-enforcement officer. The assignment of rangers to the duties authorized by this section may not supersede in any way the authority or duty of other peace officers to preserve law and order on those premises.

The salary of all rangers shall be paid by the board. The board shall furnish each ranger with an official uniform to be worn while on duty and shall furnish and require each ranger while on duty to wear a shield with an appropriate inscription and to carry credentials certifying the person's identity and authority as a ranger.

The board may at its pleasure revoke the authority of any ranger. The executive director shall report the termination of employment of a ranger by filing a notice to that effect in the office of the clerk of each county in which the ranger's oath of office was filed and in the case of a ranger licensed to carry a gun or other dangerous weapon, by notifying the clerk of the circuit court of the county in which the license for the gun or other dangerous weapon was granted.


WVC 20 - 14 - 7 §20-14-7. Bonds not a debt of the state.
Revenue bonds and revenue refunding bonds of the Hatfield-McCoy regional recreation authority issued under the provisions of this article do not constitute a debt of the state or of any political subdivision of the state or a pledge of the faith and credit of the state or of any political subdivision, but the bonds shall be payable solely from the funds provided for in this article from revenues resulting from the issuance of bonds. All bonds shall contain on the face of the bond a statement to the effect that neither the state nor any political subdivision of the state is obligated to pay the bond or the interest on the bond except from revenues of the recreational project or projects for which they are issued and that neither the faith or credit nor the taxing power of the state or any political subdivision of the state is pledged to the payment of the principal or the interest on the bonds.


WVC 20 - 14 - 8 §20-14-8. Violation of rules, criminal and civil penalties; use of funds.
(a) Any person who violates any of the rules promulgated by the board pursuant to this article is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars for each offense.

(b) Any person who violates any of the rules promulgated by the board pursuant of this article relating to permits or failure to purchase a permit, safety violations or other civil violations is subject to a civil penalty of one hundred dollars. Authority rangers shall issue citations for civil violations.

(c) All civil penalties for civil violations received pursuant to this section shall be remitted to the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority for use by the board in is discretion for the benefit of the Hatfield-McCoy Recreation Area. Effective July 1, 2008, the special revenue fund known as the Hatfield-McCoy Recreation Fund shall be terminated, and any and all funds remaining in the fund shall be transferred from the fund and remitted to the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority for use by the Board in its discretion for the benefit of the Hatfield-McCoy Recreation Area.


WVC 20 - 14 - 9 §20-14-9. Limiting liability.
(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of section three, article twenty-five, chapter nineteen, an owner of land used by or for the stated purposes of the Hatfield-McCoy regional recreation authority, whether with or without charge, owes no duty of care to keep the premises safe for entry or use by others for recreational purposes or to give any warning of a dangerous or hazardous condition, use, structure or activity on the premises to persons entering for those purposes.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of section three, article twenty-five, chapter nineteen of this code, the landowner or lessor of the property for recreational purposes does not thereby: (a) Extend any assurance that the premises are safe for any purpose; or (b) confer upon such persons the legal status of an invitee or licensee to whom a duty of care is owed; or (c) assume responsibility for or incur liability for any injury to person or property caused by an act or omission of these persons.

(c) Unless otherwise agreed in writing, an owner who grants a lease, easement or license of land to the authority for recreational purposes owes no duty of care to keep that land safe for entry or use by others or to give warning to persons entering or going upon the land of any dangerous or hazardous conditions, uses, structures or activities thereon. An owner who grants a lease, easement or license of land to the authority for recreational purposes does not by giving a lease, easement or license: (1) Extend any assurance to any person using the land that the premises are safe for any purpose; (2) confer upon those persons the legal status of an invitee or licensee to whom a duty of care is owed; or (3) assume responsibility for or incur liability for any injury to person or property caused by an act or omission of a person who enters upon the leased land. The provisions of this section apply whether the person entering upon the land is an invitee, licensee, trespasser or otherwise.

(d) Nothing herein limits in any way any liability which otherwise exists for deliberate, willful or malicious infliction of injury to persons or property: Provided, That nothing herein limits in any way the obligation of a person entering upon or using the land of another for recreational purposes to exercise due care in his or her use of the land and in his or her activities thereon, so as to prevent the creation of hazards or the commission of waste by himself or herself: Provided, however, That equestrians who are using the land upon which the Hatfield-McCoy recreation area is located but who are not engaged in a commercial profit-making venture are exempt from the provisions of subsection (d), section five, article four, chapter twenty of this code.


WVC 20 - 14 - 10 §20-14-10.
Repealed.

Acts, 2007 Reg. Sess., Ch. 38.


WVC 20 - 15 - ARTICLE 15. ATV RESPONSIBILITY ACT.


WVC 20 - 15 - 1 §20-15-1. Legislative findings.
The West Virginia Legislature finds that trail-oriented recreation for off-highway vehicle enthusiasts offered by the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority significantly contributes to the economy of West Virginia and is enjoyed by a large and growing number of residents and nonresidents alike. Since it is recognized that there are inherent risks in the operation of such off-highway vehicles which should be understood by each operator and which cannot be eliminated by the Hatfield - McCoy Regional Recreation Authority or its authorized outfitters or licensees, it is the purpose of this article to define the areas of responsibility and affirmative acts which authorized outfitters must perform or risk being liable for loss, damage or injury suffered by participants and to define the risk which the participants expressly assume and for which there can be no recovery.


WVC 20 - 15 - 2 §20-15-2. Definitions.
The terms in this article have the following meaning, unless the context clearly requires a different meaning:

(1) "All-terrain vehicle" or "ATV" means any motor vehicle designed for off-highway use and designed to travel on not less than three low-pressure tires, having a seat designed to be straddled by the operator and handlebars for steering control and intended by the manufacturer to be used by a single operator or by an operator and no more than one passenger.

(2) "Authorized outfitter" or "licensee" means a commercial outfitter, which is a person, partnership, limited liability company ("LLC"), corporation, other organization, or any combination thereof, licensed by the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority, who operates from any temporary or permanent camp, private or public lodge, or private home, who provides guided tours or the rental of all-terrain vehicles, utility-terrain vehicles or motorcycles for use on assigned lands for monetary profit or gain.

(3) "Low-pressure tire" means every tire in which twenty pounds per square inch or less of compressed air is designed to support the load.

(4) "Motorcycle" means any motor vehicle manufactured with no more than two wheels and having a seat or saddle for the use of the operator.

(5) "Participant" means any person using the facilities of the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority.

(6) "Utility-terrain vehicle" or "UTV" means any motor vehicle with four or more low-pressure tires designed for off-highway use having bench or bucket seating for each occupant and a steering wheel for control.


WVC 20 - 15 - 3 §20-15-3. Scope.
This article shall only apply to the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority, authorized outfitters or licensees and any participant as defined in section two of this article.


WVC 20 - 15 - 4 §20-15-4. Duties of authorized outfitters or licensees.
(a) Every authorized outfitter or licensee shall:

(1) Mark for identification purposes all equipment and vehicles used in the business;

(2) Maintain all equipment and vehicles used in the business in such condition that the equipment and vehicles are safe to operate or use as intended and recommended by the manufacturer;

(3) Provide facilities, equipment and services conforming to safety and other requirements established by the rules promulgated by the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority;

(4) Provide facilities, equipment and services as advertised or as agreed to by the authorized outfitter or licensee and the participant;

(5) Provide protective helmets which are size appropriate and which meet the current performance specifications established by the American National Standards Institute standard, z 90.1, the United States Department of Transportation federal motor vehicle safety standard no. 218 or Snell safety standards for protective headgear for vehicle users as defined by subdivision (5), subsection (a), section one, article one, chapter seventeen-f of this code, to all persons using all-terrain vehicles, utility-terrain vehicles or motorcycles;

(6) Provide all-terrain vehicles or motorcycles which are age and size appropriate as recommended by the manufacturer;

(7) Make reasonable and prudent efforts to ensure that participants utilizing the facilities, equipment or services of the authorized outfitter or licensee have received the safety training required by the provisions of the legislative rule for the use of the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Area;

(8) Make certain that every guide offered to participants by the authorized outfitter or licensee has a current standard first aid training certificate and CPR certificate issued by the American Red Cross or its equivalent and ATV safety training by the Hatfield-McCoy Recreation Authority or its designee;

(9) Make certain that employees carry first aid kits when acting as guides; and

(10) Make known to any participant utilizing the facilities, equipment or services of the authorized outfitter or licensee any dangerous condition as to trail lands, facilities or equipment to be traversed or used which is known by the outfitter or licensee.

(b) An authorized outfitter or licensee may not rent or lease an all-terrain vehicle, utility-terrain vehicle or motorcycle to a person under the age of eighteen years or allow any owner-operated all-terrain vehicle, utility-terrain vehicle or motorcycle on any guided tour when operated by any person under the age of eighteen years without first obtaining a written statement, signed by the minor's parent or guardian certifying that:

(1) Any machine to be operated by the minor or his or her parent or guardian is of a model that is recommended by the manufacturer as appropriate to the minor's age and size;

(2) All rules governing the use of the vehicle and the Hatfield-McCoy Recreation Area have been explained to the minor in sufficient detail to enable the minor to abide by the rules; and

(3) Any minor under the age of sixteen will remain under the supervision of and the sight of the parent or guardian at all times.

(c) An authorized outfitter or licensee may not rent or lease a utility-terrain vehicle to any person who is not at least sixteen years of age and in possession of a valid driver's license.

(d) An authorized outfitter or licensee shall provide a participant utilizing the facilities, equipment or services of the authorized outfitter or licensee with written notification of his or her duties as prescribed in section five of this article. The participant shall sign the notification prior to using the equipment. The signed notification, or an electronically stored copy thereof, shall be kept on file by the outfitter or licensee for not less than five years.


WVC 20 - 15 - 5 §20-15-5. Duties of participants.
(a) All participants:

(1) Shall comply with any requirements established by law, including those in section one, article one, chapter seventeen-f of this code which defines those acts prohibited by operators of all-terrain vehicles;

(2) Shall comply with the rules or regulations established for use of the Hatfield-McCoy Recreation Area;

(3) Shall, as to the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority, authorized outfitter or licensee, expressly assume the risk of and legal responsibility for any injury, loss or damage to person or property which results from participation in operating an all-terrain vehicle, utility-terrain vehicle or motorcycle, and caused by any of the following:

(A) Variations in terrain, slope or angle of terrain;

(B) Surface or subsurface conditions including: Rocks, trees or other forms of forest growth or debris;

(C) Collisions with signs, markers, width restrictors, culverts, bridges, pipes, equipment, vehicles or any other objects or fixtures used in trail management, maintenance, construction or development;

(D) Collisions with signs, markers, pipes, equipment, vehicles or any component thereof used in natural resource maintenance, development or extraction;

(E) Collisions with electrical transmission poles, towers, lines, guy wires or any component thereof;

(4) Shall obey all rules or instructions announced by the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority, authorized outfitter or licensee, with regard to the operation of the all-terrain vehicle or motorcycle he or she is operating; and

(5) Shall wear all safety equipment provided by the authorized outfitter or licensee, or which might otherwise be required by law.

(b) Each participant shall have the sole individual responsibility for:

(1) Knowing the range of his or her own ability to negotiate any slope or trail;

(2) Operating the ATV, UTV or motorcycle within the limits of the participant's own ability;

(3) Maintaining reasonable control of speed and course at all times;

(4) Heeding all posted warnings;

(5) Operating only on trails designated by the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority; and

(6) Refraining from acting in a manner which may cause or contribute to the injury of any person.

(c) If while riding an ATV, UTV or motorcycle any participant collides with any object or person, the responsibility for the collision shall be solely that of the participant or participants involved and not that of the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority, authorized outfitter or licensee unless the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority, authorized outfitter or licensee or their agent caused the collision in a tortious manner.

(d) After an accident, a participant may not leave the area where the accident took place without:

(1) Leaving personal identification, including his or her name and address;

(2) Notifying the proper authorities; and

(3) Obtaining assistance when he or she knows or reasonably should know that any other person involved in the accident is in need of medical or other assistance.

(e) Where a participant is a lawful passenger, that participant may not distract or perform any act which might interfere with the safe operation of the all-terrain vehicle, utility-terrain vehicle or motorcycle of which he or she is a passenger.

(f) Any person under the age of sixteen years shall remain under the direct supervision and within sight of a parent or guardian both of whom must otherwise comply with state or federal laws and any rules or regulations promulgated thereunder.

(g) A participant may not make any alterations or tamper with the all-terrain vehicle, utility-terrain vehicle or motorcycle he or she is operating or of which he or she is a passenger in any way which would interfere with the continued safe operation of that machine.


WVC 20 - 15 - 6 §20-15-6. Liability of authorized outfitters and licensees.
(a) Any authorized outfitter or licensee is liable for injury, loss or damage caused by failure to follow the duties set forth in section four of this article where the violation of duty is causally related to the injury, loss or damage suffered.

(b) An authorized outfitter or licensee is not liable for any injury, loss or damage caused by the negligence of any person who is not an agent or employee of the authorized outfitter or licensee.

(c) An authorized outfitter or licensee is not liable for any injury, loss or damage caused by a participant's violation of any duty described in section five of this article.

(d) An authorized outfitter or licensee is not liable for any injury, loss or damage caused solely by the participant's failure to negotiate the terrain or environment over which or through which the participant is operating his or her all-terrain vehicle, utility-terrain vehicle or motorcycle as described in section five of this article.


WVC 20 - 15 - 7 §20-15-7. Liability of participants.
Any participant is liable for injury, loss or damage resulting from violations of the duties established in section five of this article where the violation of duty is causally related to the injury, loss or damage suffered.


WVC 20 - 15 - 8 §20-15-8. Authorized outfitters required to carry insurance.
Every authorized outfitter or licensee shall carry public liability insurance in limits of not less than three hundred thousand dollars per occurrence.


ARTICLE 16 - NONPROFIT ADVENTURE AND RECREATIONAL ACTIVITY RESPONSIBILITY ACT ARTICLE 16. NONPROFIT ADVENTURE AND RECREATIONAL ACTIVITY RESPONSIBILITY ACT.

WVC 20 - 16 - 1 §20-16-1. Short title.
This article may be cited as the "Nonprofit Adventure and Recreational Activity Responsibility Act".


WVC 20 - 16 - 2 §20-16-2. Legislative purpose.
The Legislature finds that West Virginia is blessed by geography and natural features that make it ideal for a host of adventure and recreational activities attractive to nonprofit youth organizations interested in training and inspiring thousands of young people from other parts of the United States and throughout the world. The location by these organizations of facilities within the state will contribute significantly to the economy of West Virginia, and enhance the state's reputation as a place to visit and transact business. Because it is recognized that there are inherent risks in various adventure and recreational activities which should be understood by participants therein and which are essentially impossible for the organizations and their providers to eliminate, it is the purpose of this article to define those areas of responsibility and those affirmative acts for which these nonprofit organizations and their providers of adventure and recreational activities shall be liable for loss, damage or injury suffered by participants, and to further define those risks which the participants expressly assume and for which there can be no recovery.


WVC 20 - 16 - 3 §20-16-3. Definitions.
In this article, unless a different meaning plainly is required:

(1) "Adventure or recreational activity" means any program or activity sponsored by a nonprofit youth organization and conducted by the organization or its provider that involves inherent risks, including, but not limited to:

(A) All-terrain vehicle activities and similar activities, including all activities within the ATV Responsibility Act in article fifteen of this chapter;

(B) Biking, mountain-biking and similar activities;

(C) Canopy activities, zip-lines and similar activities;

(D) Climbing and repelling and similar activities in improved and natural areas, including climbing walls;

(E) Equestrian activities and similar activities, including all activities within the Equestrian Activities Responsibility Act in article four of this chapter;

(F) Firearms training and similar activities;

(G) Hiking, backpacking, camping and similar activities;

(H) Paintball and similar activities;

(I) Rope initiatives, cope and confidence courses, challenge courses, slacklines, challenge courses and similar activities;

(J) Skating, including ice skating, rollerblading, and similar activities;

(K) Snow activities, including snowshoeing, snow skiing, sledding, snowmobiling, and similar activities, including all activities within the Skiing Responsibility Act in article three-A of this chapter;

(L) Spelunking, caving, and similar activities;

(M) Water sports, including swimming, diving, canoeing, kayaking, boating, sailing, scuba diving, water skiing, and similar activities, including all activities within the Whitewater Responsibility Act in article three-b of this chapter;

(N) Windsurfing and similar activities.

(2) "Employee" means an officer, agent, employee, servant, or volunteer, whether compensated or not, whether full time or not, who is authorized to act and is acting within the scope of his or her employment or duties with the nonprofit youth organization or provider.

(3) "Nonprofit youth organization" means any nonprofit organization, including any subsidiary, affiliate or other related entity within its corporate or other business structure, that has been chartered by the United States Congress to train young people to do things for themselves and others, and that has established an area of at least six thousand contiguous acres within West Virginia in which to provide adventure or recreational activities for these young people and others.

(4) "Participant" means any person engaging in an adventure or recreational activity.

(5) "Provider" means any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, association, public or private corporation, the United States or any federal agency, this state or any political subdivision of this state, and any other legal entity which engages, with or without compensation, in organizing, promoting, presenting or providing or assisting in providing an adventure or recreational activity sponsored by a nonprofit youth organization, including one that allows the nonprofit youth organization the use of its land for the adventure or recreational activity.


WVC 20 - 16 - 4 §20-16-4. Duties of a nonprofit youth organization or provider.
Every nonprofit youth organization or provider shall:

(1) Make reasonable and prudent efforts to determine the ability of a participant to safely engage in the adventure or recreational activity;

(2) Make known to any participant any dangerous traits or characteristics or any physical impairments or conditions related to a particular adventure or recreational activity, of which the nonprofit youth organization or provider knows or through the exercise of due diligence could know;

(3) Make known to any participant any dangerous condition as to land or facilities under the lawful possession and control of the nonprofit youth organization or provider, of which the nonprofit youth organization or provider knows or through the exercise of due diligence could know, by advising the participant in writing or by conspicuously posting warning signs upon the premises;

(4) Assure that each participant has or is provided all equipment reasonably necessary for all activities covered by this article and, in providing equipment to a participant, make reasonable and prudent efforts to inspect such equipment to assure that it is in proper working condition and safe for use in the adventure or recreational activity;

(5) Prepare and present to each participant or prospective participant, for his or her inspection and signature, a statement which clearly and concisely explains the liability limitations, restrictions and responsibilities set forth in this article: Provided, That said statement shall not contain nor have the effect of a waiver of a nonprofit youth organization or provider's duties set forth in this section;

(6) Make reasonable efforts to provide supervision of participants while engaged in activities under this article.


WVC 20 - 16 - 5 §20-16-5. Duties of participants.
It is recognized that the adventure and recreational activities described in this article are hazardous to participants, regardless of all feasible safety measures which can be taken.

Each participant in an adventure or recreational activity expressly assumes the risk of and legal responsibility for any injury, loss or damage to person or property which results from participation in an activity. Each participant shall have the sole individual responsibility for knowing the range of his or her own ability to participate in a particular adventure or recreational activity, and it shall be the duty of each participant to act within the limits of the participant's own ability, to heed all posted warnings, to act in accordance with the instructions of any employee of the non-profit youth organization or provider, to perform an adventure or recreational activity only in an area or facility designated by the nonprofit youth organization or provider and to refrain from acting in a manner which may cause or contribute to the injury of anyone. There is a rebuttable presumption that any participant under the age of fourteen is incapable of comparative negligence or assumption of the risk. There is an irrebuttable presumption that any participant under the age of seven is incapable of comparative negligence or assumption of the risk. Any participant over the age of fourteen will be subject to the common law presumptions as to their acts and or omissions.

A participant involved in an accident shall not depart from the area or facility where the adventure or recreational activity took place without leaving personal identification, including name and address, or without notifying the proper authorities, or without obtaining assistance when that person knows or reasonably should know that any other person involved in the accident is in need of medical or other assistance.


WVC 20 - 16 - 6 §20-16-6. Liability of nonprofit youth organization or provider.
(a) A nonprofit youth organization or provider shall be liable for injury, loss or damage caused by failure to follow the duties set forth in section four of this article where the violation of duty is causally related to the injury, loss or damage suffered. A nonprofit youth organization or provider shall not be liable for any injury, loss or damage caused by the negligence of any person who is not an agent or employee of the nonprofit youth organization or provider.

(b) A nonprofit youth organization or provider shall be liable for acts or omissions which constitute gross negligence or willful and wanton conduct which is the proximate cause of injury to a participant.

(c) A nonprofit youth organization or provider shall be liable for an intentional injury which he or she inflicts upon a participant.

(d) Every nonprofit youth organization and any provider for such non-profit youth organization shall carry public liability insurance in limits of no less than $500,000 per person, $1 million per occurrence and $50,000 for property damage with coverage extending to any employee of the non-profit youth organization or provider in the course of their duties as an employee or volunteer. The failure to have in effect the insurance required by this section shall prevent the non-profit youth organization or provider from relying on the provisions of this article in any civil action brought by a participant.


WVC 20 - 16 - 7 §20-16-7. Liability of participants.
Any participant shall be liable for injury, loss or damage resulting from violations of the duties set forth in section five of this article: Provided, That none of the provisions in this article shall modify or eliminate any other statutory or common law provisions which specifically relate to or concern liability of minors or the capacity of minors to legally enter into contracts.


WVC 20 - 16 - 8 §20-16-8. Applicability of article.
The provisions of this article are in addition to provisions of articles three-a, three-b, four and fifteen of this chapter, and are to be construed in pari materia.


Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
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