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WEST VIRGINIA CODE
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WVC 17 A- 3 - 12 A §17A-3-12a. Disclosure of odometer information; exceptions; penalties.

(a) In accordance with the provisions of sections four hundred eight-a and four hundred eight-e of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act, Public Law 92-513, the transferor of a motor vehicle must complete the odometer disclosure form on the certificate of title or a separate written odometer disclosure statement, before executing any transfer of ownership document and before a new certificate of title may be issued for a transfer of ownership of a vehicle. The odometer disclosure form on the certificate of title and the separate written odometer disclosure statement shall contain the following information:

(1) The odometer reading at the time of transfer (not to include tenths of miles);

(2) The date of transfer;

(3) The transferor's name and current address;

(4) The transferee's name and current address;

(5) The transferor's printed name and signature acknowledging the disclosure;

(6) The identity of the vehicle, including its make, model, year, body type and identification number;

(7) Certification by the transferor that to the best of his or her knowledge the odometer reading reflects:

(A) The actual mileage the vehicle has been driven;

(B) The amount of mileage in excess of the designated mechanical odometer limit ; or

(C) A difference from the number of miles the vehicle has actually been driven and that the difference is greater than that caused by odometer calibration error, and that the odometer reading is not the actual mileage. This certification shall state that the odometer reading does not reflect the actual mileage and should not be relied upon, and shall also include a warning notice to alert the transferee that a discrepancy exists between the odometer reading and the actual mileage; and

(8) A warning statement referring to state and federal law and the statement: "That failure to complete or providing false information may result in fines and/or imprisonment."

Upon issuance of a new title, the division shall mark the new title with an appropriate brand which reflects certification of the prior owner.

(b) Before executing any transfer of ownership document, the lessor of a leased motor vehicle must notify a lessee in writing that the lessee is required to provide a written odometer disclosure statement to the lessor. The odometer disclosure statement shall contain the following information:

(1) The odometer reading at the time of transfer (not toinclude tenths of miles);

(2) The date of statement;

(3) The lessee's name and current address;

(4) The lessor's name and current address;

(5) The lessee's printed name and signature acknowledging the disclosure;

(6) The identity of the vehicle, including its make, model, year, body type and identification number;

(7) The date that the lessor notified the lessee of the disclosure requirements;

(8) The date that the completed disclosure statement was received by the lessor;

(9) The signature of the lessor;

(10) Certification by the lessee that to the best of his or her knowledge the odometer reading reflects:

(A) The actual mileage the vehicle has been driven;

(B) The amount of mileage in excess of the designated mechanical odometer limit; or

(C) A difference from the number of miles the vehicle has actually been driven and that the difference is greater than that caused by odometer calibration error, and that the odometer reading is not the actual mileage. This certification shall state that the odometer reading does not reflect the actual mileage and should notbe relied upon; and

(11) A warning statement referring to state and federal law and the statement: "That failure to complete or providing false information may result in fines and/or imprisonment."

If a lessor transfers the leased vehicle without obtaining possession of it, the lessor may indicate on the title the mileage disclosed by the lessee, unless the lessor has reason to believe the disclosure does not state the actual mileage.

(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, the form for odometer disclosure on the certificate of title or a separate written odometer disclosure statement need not be completed for any of the following motor vehicles:

(1) A vehicle having a gross weight of more than sixteen thousand pounds;

(2) A vehicle that is not self-propelled;

(3) A vehicle that is ten years old or older;

(4) A vehicle sold directly by the manufacturer to any agency of the United States in conformity with contracted specifications; or

(5) A new motor vehicle prior to its first transfer for purposes other than resale.

(d) Dealers and distributors of motor vehicles who are required by law to execute an odometer disclosure statement shallretain for five years a photostat, carbon or other facsimile copy of each odometer mileage statement which they issue and receive, at their primary place of business in an order that is appropriate to business requirements and that permits systematic retrieval.

(e) Lessors shall retain for five years following the date they transfer ownership of the leased vehicle each odometer disclosure statement which they receive from a lessee, at their primary place of business in an order that is appropriate to business requirements and that permits systematic retrieval.

(f) Auction companies shall retain for five years following the date of sale of each motor vehicle, at their primary place of business in an order that is appropriate to business requirements and that permits systematic retrieval, the following records:

(1) The name of the most recent owner (other than the auction company);

(2) The name of the buyer;

(3) The vehicle identification number; and

(4) The odometer reading on the date the auction company took possession of the motor vehicle.

(g) A transfer of a motor vehicle which has not been previously titled in this state or which has a certificate of title issued prior to the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety-one, must include the execution of the transfer by the ownerand the purchaser on a form prescribed by the commissioner signed by each of the two parties, which form contains substantially the same information as is required in this section and with the provisions of the odometer mileage statement form pursuant to the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act.

(h) The commissioner shall promulgate rules for the administration of this section in accordance with chapter twenty-nine-a of this code.

(I) Any person who violates any of the provisions of this section with intent to defraud shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than two hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars, or imprisoned in the county jail for not more than six months, or both fined and imprisoned.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
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