(a) "Abandoned salvage yard" means any unlicensed salvage yard or any salvage yard that was previously licensed but upon which the license has not been renewed for more than one year.
(b) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of the West Virginia Division of Highways.
(c) "Fence" means an enclosure, barrier or screen constructed of materials or consisting of plantings, natural objects or other appropriate means approved by the commissioner and located, placed or maintained so as effectively to screen at all times salvage yards and the salvage therein contained from the view of persons passing upon the public roads of this state.
(d) "Occupied private residence" means a private residence which is occupied for at least six months each year.
(e) "Owner or operator" includes an individual, firm, partnership, association or corporation or the plural thereof.
(f) "Residential community" means an area wherein five or more occupied private residences are located within any one thousand-foot radius.
(g) "Salvage" means old or scrap brass, copper, iron, steel, other ferrous or nonferrous materials, batteries or rubber and any junked, dismantled or wrecked machinery, machines or motor vehicles or any parts of any junked, dismantled or wrecked machinery, machines or motor vehicles.
(h) "Salvage yard" means any place which is maintained, operated or used for the storing, keeping, buying, selling or processing of salvage, or for the operation and maintenance of a motor vehicle graveyard: Provided, That no salvage yard shall accept, store or process more than one hundred waste tires unless it has all permits necessary to operate a monofill, waste tire processing facility or solid waste facility. Any salvage yard which currently has on its premises more than one hundred waste tires not on a vehicle must establish a plan in conjunction with the Department of Environmental Protection for the proper disposal of the waste tires.
(i) "Waste tire" means any continuous solid or pneumatic rubber covering designed to encircle the wheel of a vehicle but which has been discarded, abandoned or is no longer suitable for its original, intended purpose nor suitable for recapping, or other beneficial use, as defined in section two, article fifteen-a, chapter twenty-two of this code, because of wear, damage or defect. A tire is no longer considered to be suitable for its original intended purpose when it fails to meet the minimum requirements to pass a West Virginia motor vehicle safety inspection. Used tires located at a commercial recapping facility or tire dealer for the purpose of being reused or recapped are not waste tires.
(j) "Waste tire monofill or monofill" means an approved solid waste facility where waste tires not mixed with any other waste are placed for the purpose of long term storage for eventual retrieval for marketing purposes.
(k) "Waste tire processing facility" means a solid waste facility or manufacturer that accepts waste tires generated by sources other than the owner or operator of the facility for processing by such means as cryogenics, pyrolysis, pyroprossing cutting, splitting, shredding, quartering, grinding or otherwise breaking down waste tires for the purposes of disposal, reuse, recycling or marketing.
The license of any salvage yard duly issued under the former provisions of this article, which salvage yard or any part thereof on the effective date of this article, is: (1) Within one thousand feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way of any road within the state road system designated and classified or redesignated and reclassified as expressway, trunkline or feeder, or any road within the state road system designated and classified or redesignated and reclassified for purposes of allocation of federal highway funds as part of the federal-aid interstate or primary systems; or is (2) within five hundred feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way of any state local service road; or is (3) within one thousand feet of the nearest occupied private residence or within five thousand feet of the nearest occupied private residence which is part of a residential community, may be renewed only if the view of the said salvage yard and all parts thereof are effectively screened from the adjacent road by natural objects, plantings, fences or otherappropriate means or a waiver is obtained from the owner of an occupied private residence. The provisions of this paragraph, as amended, shall apply only to salvage yards licensed after the first day of April, one thousand nine hundred eighty-eight.
Any salvage yard which, on the effective date of this article, is duly licensed under the former provisions of this article may be established or continue to be operated and maintained without screening by natural objects, plantings, fences or other appropriate means so long as any part of such salvage yard is: (1) Not located within one thousand feet of any road within the state road system designated and classified or redesignated and reclassified as expressway, trunkline or feeder, or any road within the state road system designated and classified or redesignated and reclassified for the purposes of allocation of federal highway funds as part of the federal-aid interstate or primary systems; or is (2) not located within five hundred feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way of any state local service road; or is (3) not located within one thousand feet of the nearest residence or within five thousand feet of the nearest occupied private residence which is part of a residential community. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section to the contrary, ownership of a salvage yard duly licensed under the former provisions of this article and continuously maintained and licensed since the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-eight, may be sold or otherwise transferred, and the salvage yard shall be eligible for relicensureand may continue to be operated under the same legal requirements that would have been applicable had the change in ownership not occurred.
On or after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-four, any owner or operator establishing, operating or maintaining a salvage yard for which a license is required under the provisions of this article is hereby required to first obtain an approval permit from the county planning commission, or if the county does not have a county planning commission, from an appropriate office or agency designated by the county commission, in which the salvage yard is located. The county planning commission or designated agency or office shall promulgate such reasonable rules including, but not limited to, determining the effect of the proposed salvage yard on residential, business or commercial property investment and values, establishing a quota for the number of salvage yards in the county, and the social, economic and environmental impact on community growth and development in utilities, health, education, recreation, safety, welfare and convenience, if any, before issuing such approval permit. These rules shall conform to guidelines established in rules promulgated by the commissioner. The fee for the approval permit shall be twenty-five dollars, payable upon the filing of the application on forms to be designated and approved by the county planning commission or designated office or agency.
Upon the granting of an approval permit by the county planningcommission, the owner or operator shall then apply to the commissioner for a license to operate. The commissioner may issue a license to the applicant, but only after an approval permit has issued in the first instance and the location of the salvage yard is in compliance with the location requirements of section four of this article. The approval permit requirement of this section does not apply to any owner or operator who has established, or is operating or maintaining, a salvage yard prior to the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-four.
If any salvage yard at any location is terminated under the provisions of this section or by court order as provided in section nine of this article, the commissioner shall not thereafter license any salvage yard at any such location if such location or any part thereof is (1) within one thousand feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way of any road within the state road system designated and classified or redesignated and reclassified as expressway, trunkline or feeder, or any road within the state road system designated and classified or redesignated and reclassified for purposes of allocation of federal highway funds as part of the federal-aid interstate or primary systems or (2) within five hundred feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way of any state local service road unless and until the view of such salvage yard or any part thereof from such state local service road is screened by fences as provided in this article.
Any person violating any provision of this article, whether as principal, agent or employee, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars; and such person shall be guilty of a separate offense for each month during a portion of which any violation of this article is committed, continued or permitted: Provided, however, That in the event of an appeal from any such conviction, the period between the date a notice of appeal is filed and the date of the final order of the court last considering the appeal shall not be considered a period of continuing in violation of this article.
The provisions of section seven, article twelve, chapter eleven, and article thirteen-a, chapter eleven of this code, shall not apply to salvage yards covered by the provisions of this article.
If any provision of this article or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held unconstitutional or invalid, such unconstitutionality or invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this article, and to this end the provisions of this article are declared to be severable.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2016 Regular Session
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