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WEST VIRGINIA CODE
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WVC 16 - 5 O- 2 §16-5O-2. Definitions.

     As used in this article the following definitions apply:

     (a) "Administration of medication" means:

     (1) Assisting a person in the ingestion, application or inhalation of medications, including prescription drugs, or in the use of universal precautions or rectal or vaginal insertion of medication, according to the legibly written or printed directions of the attending physician or authorized practitioner, or as written on the prescription label; and

     (2) Making a written record of such assistance with regard to each medication administered, including the time, route and amount taken. However, for purposes of this article, "administration" does not include judgment, evaluation, assessments, injections of medication, or monitoring of medication or self-administration of medications, such as prescription drugs and self-injection of medication by the resident.

     (b) "Authorizing agency" means the Office of Health Facility Licensure and Certification within the Department of Health and Human Resources.

     (c) "Department" means the Department of Health and Human Resources.

     (d) "Facility" means an intermediate care facility for individuals with an intellectual disability, assisted living, behavioral health group home, private residence in which health care services and health maintenance tasks are provided under the supervision of a registered professional nurse as defined in article seven, chapter thirty of this code.

     (e) "Facility staff member" means an individual employed by a facility but does not include a health care professional acting within his or her scope of practice.

     (f) "Health care professional" means a medical doctor or doctor of osteopathy, a podiatrist, registered professional nurse, practical nurse, advanced practice registered nurse, physician's assistant, dentist, optometrist or respiratory care professional licensed under chapter thirty of this code.

     (g) "Health maintenance tasks" means performing the following tasks according to the legibly written or printed directions of a physician licensed under the provisions of article two-A, chapter thirty of this code or article fourteen, chapter thirty of this code, or other authorized practitioner, or as written on the prescription label, and making a written record of that assistance with regard to each health maintenance task administered, including the time, route and amount taken:

     (1) Administering glucometer tests;

     (2) Administering gastrostomy tube feedings;

     (3) Administering enemas; and

     (4) Performing ostomy care which includes skin care and changing appliances;

     "Health maintenance tasks" do not include judgment, evaluation, assessments, injections of medication, or monitoring of medication or self-administration of medications, such as prescription drugs and self-injection of medication by the resident.

     (h) "Location of medication administration or location where health maintenance tasks are performed" means a facility or location where the resident requires administration of medication or assistance in taking medications or the performance of health maintenance tasks.

     (i) "Medication" means a drug, as defined in section one hundred one, article one, chapter sixty-a of this code, which has been prescribed by a authorized health care professional to be ingested through the mouth, applied to the outer skin, eye or ear, or applied through nose drops, vaginal or rectal suppositories.

     (j) "Registered professional nurse" means a person who holds a valid license pursuant to article seven, chapter thirty of this code.

     (k) "Resident" means a resident of a facility who for purposes of this article, is in a stable condition.

     (l) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources or his or her designee.

     (m) "Self-administration of medication" means the act of a resident, who is independently capable of reading and understanding the labels of drugs ordered by a physician, in opening and accessing prepackaged drug containers, accurately identifying and taking the correct dosage of the drugs as ordered by the physician, at the correct time and under the correct circumstances.

     (n) "Self-administration of medication with assistance" means assisting residents who are otherwise able to self administer their own medications except their physical disabilities prevent them from completing one or more steps in the process.

     (p) "Stable" means the individual's medical condition is predictable and consistent as determined by the registered professional nurse.

     (q) "Supervision of self-administration of medication" means a personal service which includes reminding residents to take medications, opening medication containers for residents, reading the medication label to residents, observing residents while they take medication, checking the self administered dosage against the label on the container and reassuring residents that they have obtained and are taking the dosage as prescribed. Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
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