(b) Upon the failure of a residential care community to submit a plan of correction as required or to correct any deficiency within the time specified, the director may assess a civil penalty or initiate other appropriate legal or disciplinary action, as provided by this article.
(c) Nothing in this section may be construed to require the director to afford a formal opportunity for a residential care community to correct a deficiency before initiating an enforcement action in either an administrative or judicial forum, where, in theopinion of the director, the deficiency jeopardizes the health or safety of the community's residents or where the deficiency is the second or subsequent violation to occur within a twelve-month period.
(d) Civil penalties assessed against residential care communities shall be classified according to the nature of the violation, as provided in subsection (c), section five of this article and rules promulgated thereunder, consistent with the following: For each violation of a Class I standard, the civil penalty imposed shall be not less than fifty nor more than five hundred dollars; for each violation of a Class II standard, the civil penalty imposed shall be not less than twenty-five nor more than fifty dollars; for each violation of a Class III standard, the civil penalty imposed shall be not less than ten nor more than twenty-five dollars. Each day that a violation continues after the date of citation constitutes a separate violation. The date of the citation is the date the facility receives the written statement of deficiencies.
(e) The director shall assess a civil penalty not to exceed two thousand dollars against any individual who notifies a residential care community, or causes it to be notified, in advance, of the time or date on which an inspection is scheduled to be conducted under this article.
(f) If the director assesses a penalty under this section, he or she shall cause a notice of penalty to be delivered to theresidential care community by personal service or by certified mail. This notice shall state the amount of the penalty, the action, deficiency or other circumstance for which the penalty is assessed, the statutory requirement or rule which has been violated and the basis upon which the director determined the amount of the penalty.
(g) The director shall recover in a judicial proceeding any civil penalty which: (i) Remains uncontested and unpaid for thirty days after its receipt; or (ii) if contested, has been affirmed by the director and remains unappealed for thirty days after receipt of the director's final order; or (iii) if appealed, has been affirmed upon judicial review of the director's final order. All funds received in the form of civil penalties or interest thereon pursuant to this article shall be deposited in a special resident benefit account which is hereby established and applied by the director exclusively for the protection of the health or property of residents of residential care communities operated within this state that the director determines to be deficient, which may include payment of costs to relocate residents of a deficient residential care community to other facilities, operation costs of a residential care community pending correction of deficiencies or closure and reimbursement of residents for personal funds lost.
(h) The opportunity for a hearing on any action taken under this section is as provided in section twelve of this article. In addition to any other rights of appeal conferred upon a residentialcare community under this section, it may also request a hearing and seek judicial review pursuant to sections twelve and thirteen of this article to contest the director's citing of a deficiency in an inspection report, irrespective of whether the deficiency results in the imposition of a civil penalty.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2012 1st Special Session