§16-2D-3. Powers and duties of the authority.
(a) The authority shall:
(1) Administer the certificate of need program;
(2) Review the state health plan, the certificate of need standards, and the cost effectiveness of the certificate of need program and make any amendments and modifications to each that it may deem necessary, no later than September 1, 2017, and biennially thereafter.
(3) Shall adjust the expenditure minimum annually and publish to its website the updated amount on or before December 31, of each year. The expenditure minimum adjustment shall be based on the DRI inflation index published in the Global Insight DRI/WEFA Health Care Cost Review.
(4) Create a standing advisory committee to advise and assist in amending the state health plan, the certificate of need standards, and performing the state agencies’ responsibilities.
(b) The authority may:
(1) (A) Order a moratorium upon the offering or development of a health service when criteria and guidelines for evaluating the need for the health service have not yet been adopted or are obsolete or when it determines that the proliferation of the health service may cause an adverse impact on the cost of health services or the health status of the public.
(B) A moratorium shall be declared by a written order which shall detail the circumstances requiring the moratorium. Upon the adoption of criteria for evaluating the need for the health service affected by the moratorium, or one hundred eighty days from the declaration of a moratorium, whichever is less, the moratorium shall be declared to be over and applications for certificates of need are processed pursuant to section eight.
(2) Issue grants and loans to financially vulnerable health care facilities located in underserved areas that the authority and the Office of Community and Rural Health Services determine are collaborating with other providers in the service area to provide cost effective health services.
(3) Approve an emerging health service or technology for one year.
(4) Exempt from certificate of need or annual assessment requirements to financially vulnerable health care facilities located in underserved areas that the state agency and the Office of Community and Rural Health Services determine are collaborating with other providers in the service area to provide cost effective health services.
(b) For purposes of this article, a proposed "new institutional health service" includes:
(1) The construction, development, acquisition or other establishment of a new health care facility or health maintenance organization;
(2) The partial or total closure of a health care facility or health maintenance organization with which a capital expenditure is associated;
(3) Any obligation for a capital expenditure incurred by or on behalf of a health care facility, except as exempted in section four of this article, or health maintenance organization in excess of the expenditure minimum or any obligation for a capital expenditure incurred by any person to acquire a health care facility. An obligation for a capital expenditure is considered to be incurred by or on behalf of a health care facility:
(A) When a contract, enforceable under state law, is entered into by or on behalf of the health care facility for the construction, acquisition, lease or financing of a capital asset;
(B) When the governing board of the health care facility takes formal action to commit its own funds for a construction project undertaken by the health care facility as its own contractor; or
(C) In the case of donated property, on the date on which the gift is completed under state law;
(4) A substantial change to the bed capacity of a health care facility with which a capital expenditure is associated;
(5) The addition of health services as specified by the state agency which are offered by or on behalf of a health care facility or health maintenance organization and which were not offered on a regular basis by or on behalf of the health care facility or health maintenance organization within the twelve-month period prior to the time the services would be offered: Provided, That lithotripsy services are not subject to certificate of need review. The state agency shall specify by rule those health services subject to certificate of need review.
(6) The addition of ventilator services for any nursing facility bed by any health care facility or health maintenance organization;
(7) The deletion of one or more health services previously offered on a regular basis by or on behalf of a health care facility or health maintenance organization which is associated with a capital expenditure;
(8) A substantial change to the bed capacity or health services offered by or on behalf of a health care facility, whether or not the change is associated with a proposed capital expenditure, if the change is associated with a previous capital expenditure for which a certificate of need was issued and if the change will occur within two years after the date the activity which was associated with the previously approved capital expenditure was undertaken;
(9) The acquisition of major medical equipment;
(10) A substantial change in an approved new institutional health service for which a certificate of need is in effect. For purposes of this subsection, "substantial change" shall be defined by the state agency in rules adopted pursuant to section eight of this article; or
(11) An expansion of the service area for hospice or home health service, regardless of the time period in which the expansion is contemplated or made.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this article to the contrary, the construction, development, acquisition or other establishment of an institutional health service outside of this state and within a county contiguous to the border of this state by or on behalf of a person that would otherwise be subject to review under the provisions of this section is not subject to certificate of need review. A hospital subject to review of the West Virginia Health Care Authority that constructs, develops or acquires any health care service or facility outside of West Virginia may not use the financial condition or performance of the newly constructed, developed, acquired or established health care service or facility as a basis or justification for obtaining a rate adjustment pursuant to article twenty-nine-b of this chapter.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2016 Regular Session
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