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WEST VIRGINIA CODE
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WVC 16 - 2 D- 13 §16-2D-13. Injunctive relief; civil penalty.
(a) In addition to all other remedies, and aside from various penalties provided by law, if any person acquires, offers or develops any new institutional health service for which a certificate of need is required under this article without first having a certificate of need therefor as herein provided, or violates any other provision of this article or any lawful rule promulgated thereunder, the state agency may maintain a civil action in the circuit court of the county wherein such violation has occurred, or wherein such person may be found, to enjoin, restrain or prevent such violation. No injunction bond shall be required to be filed in any such proceeding.

(b) The state agency may assess a civil penalty for violation of this article. Upon the state agency determining that there is probable cause to believe that any person is knowingly offering, developing, or has acquired any new institutional health service subject to certificate of need review without having first obtained a certificate of need therefor or that any person is otherwise in violation of the provisions of this article, or any lawful rule promulgated thereunder, the state agency shall provide such person with written notice which shall state the nature of the alleged violation and the time and place at which such person shall appear to show good cause why a civil penalty should not be imposed, at which time and place such person shall be afforded an opportunity to cross-examine the state agency's witnesses and afforded an opportunity to present testimony and other evidence in support of his position. The hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the administrative hearing provisions of section four, article five, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code. If, after reviewing the record of such hearing, the state agency director determines that such person is in violation of the certificate of need law, the state agency shall assess a civil penalty of not less than five hundred dollars nor more than twenty-five thousand dollars. In determining the amount of the penalty, the state agency shall consider the degree and extent of harm caused by the violation and the cost of rectifying the damage. Any person assessed shall be notified of the assessment in writing, and the notice shall specify the reasons for the assessment. If the person assessed fails to pay the amount of the assessment to the state agency within thirty days, the state agency may institute a civil action in the circuit court of the county wherein such violation has occurred, or wherein such person may be found to recover the amount of the assessment. In any such civil action, the scope of the court's review of the state agency's action, which shall include a review of the amount of the assessment, shall be as provided in section four, article five, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code for the judicial review of contested administrative cases.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2013 1st Special Session
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