(1) The costs of the hospital's services are reasonably related to the services provided and the rates are reasonably related to the costs;
(2) The rates are equitably established among all purchasers or classes of purchasers within a hospital without discrimination unless federal or state statutes or rules and regulations conflict with this requirement. On and after the effective date of this section, a summary of every proposed contract, or amendment to any existing contract, for the payment of patient care services between a purchaser or third-party payor and a hospital shall be filed by the hospital for review by the board, which reviews shall occur no less frequently than each calendar quarter: (A) If the contract establishes a discount to the purchaser or third-party payor, it shall not take effect until approved by the board. For purposes of this article, a risk-bearing contract is reviewable as a discount contract and the amount computed as the discount percentage by the provider on the board shall be the approved amount of the discount. The difference, if any, between the actual discount percentage and amount and the approved amount, shall not be considered forrate-setting purposes; (B) the board may promulgate rules, in accordance with the provisions of section eight of this article, that establish the criteria for review of discount contracts, which shall include that: (i) No discount shall be approved by the board which constitutes an amount below the cost to the hospital; (ii) the cost of any discount contained in the contract will not be shifted to any other purchaser or third-party payor; (iii) the discount will not result in a decrease in the hospital's average number of medicare, medicaid or uncompensated care patients served during the previous three fiscal years; and (iv) the discount is based upon criteria which constitutes a quantifiable economic benefit to the hospital. The board may define by rule what constitutes "cost" in subparagraphs (i) and (ii) of this paragraph; "purchaser" in subparagraph (iii) of this paragraph; and "economic benefit" in subparagraph (iv) of this paragraph. Any rules promulgated pursuant to this subsection may be filed as emergency rules. All information submitted to the board shall be certified by the hospital's chief executive officer and chief financial officer as to its accuracy and truthfulness;
(3) The rates of payment for medicaid are reasonable and adequate to meet the costs which must be incurred by efficiently and economically operated hospitals subject to the provisions of this article. The rates shall take into account the situation of hospitals which serve disproportionate numbers of low income patients and assure that individuals eligible for medicaid havereasonable access, taking into account geographic location and reasonable travel time, to inpatient hospital services of adequate quality;
(4) The rates are equitable in comparison to prevailing rates for similar services in similar hospitals as determined by the board; and
(5) In no event shall a hospital's receipt of emergency disaster funds from the federal government be included in the hospital's gross revenues for either rate-setting or assessment purposes.
(b) In the interest of promoting efficient and appropriate utilization of hospital services, the board shall review and make findings on the appropriateness of projected gross revenues for a hospital as the revenues relate to charges for services and anticipated incidence of service.
(c) When applying the criteria set forth in subsections (a) and (b) of this section, the board shall consider all relevant factors, including, but not limited to, the following: The economic factors in the hospital's area; the hospital's efforts to share services; the hospital's efforts to employ less costly alternatives for delivering substantially similar services or producing substantially similar or better results in terms of the health status of those served; the efficiency of the hospital as to cost and delivery of health care; the quality of care; occupancy level; a fair return on invested capital, not otherwise compensatedfor; whether the hospital is operated for profit or not for profit; costs of education; and income from any investments and assets not associated with patient care, including, but not limited to, parking garages, residences, office buildings, and income from related organizations and restricted funds whether or not associated with patient care.
(d) Wages, salaries and benefits paid to or on behalf of nonsupervisory employees of hospitals subject to this article are not subject to review unless the board first determines that the wages, salaries and benefits may be unreasonably or uncustomarily high or low. This exemption does not apply to accounting and reporting requirements contained in this article, nor to any that may be established by the board. The term "nonsupervisory personnel", for the purposes of this section, means, but is not limited to, employees of hospitals subject to the provisions of this article who are paid on an hourly basis.
(e) Reimbursement of capital and operating costs for new services and capital projects subject to article two-d of this chapter shall not be allowed by the board if the costs were incurred subsequent to the eighth day of July, one thousand nine hundred seventy-seven, unless they were exempt from review or approved: (i) By the state health planning and development agency prior to the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-four; or (ii) thereafter, pursuant to the provisions of article two-d of this chapter.
(f) The board shall consult with relevant licensing agencies and may require them to provide written findings with regard to their statutory functions and information obtained by them in the pursuit of those functions. Any licensing agency empowered to suggest or mandate changes in buildings or operations of hospitals shall give notice to the board together with any findings.
(g) A hospital shall file a complete rate application with the board on an annual basis a minimum of seventy-five days prior to the beginning of its fiscal year. If the application is filed and determined to be complete by the board sixty days prior to the beginning of the hospital's fiscal year, and no hearing is requested on the application, the board shall set the rates in advance of the year during which they apply and shall not adjust the rates for costs actually incurred: Provided, That if the board does not establish rates by the beginning of the hospital's fiscal year, and a hearing has not been requested, the board shall establish rates retroactively to the beginning of the hospital's fiscal year: Provided, however, That if the board does not establish rates by the beginning of the hospital's fiscal year, and a hearing has been requested, the board may establish rates retroactively to the beginning of the fiscal year. This subsection shall not apply to the procedure set forth in subsection (c), section twenty-one of this article.
(h) No hospital may charge for services at rates in excess of those established in accordance with the requirements of andprocedures set forth in this article.
(i) Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, the board shall approve all requests for rate increases by hospitals which are licensed for one hundred beds or less and which are not located in a standard metropolitan statistical area where the rate of increase is equal to or less than the lowest rate of inflation as established by a recognized inflation index for either the national or regional hospital industry. The board may, by rule, impose reporting requirements to ensure that a hospital does not exceed the rate of increases permitted in this section.
(j) Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, the board shall develop an expedited review process applicable to all hospitals licensed for more than one hundred beds or that are located in a standard metropolitan statistical area for rate increase requests which may be based upon a recognized inflation index for the national or regional hospital industry.
(k) The board may require hospitals to file such additional information as it deems necessary to evaluate a market-driven system of rate setting.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2012 1st Special Session