For purposes of this article:
(a) "Assessment certificate" means a certificate issued by a board pursuant to section fifteen of this article to evidence an assessment levied against property abutting a wastewater or water project, or on which a flood relief project is completed or protects.
(b) "Assessment district" means a community improvement assessment district created by a governing body pursuant to section seven of this article.
(c) "Assessment fee" means the fee paid by a person or governmental agency owning property located within an assessment district, based on the assessment levied against the property pursuant to section ten of this article, to pay for the cost of a project abutting, constructed upon or protecting such property.
(d) "Board" means the community improvement board of each assessment district provided under section eight of this article.
(e) "Code" means the code of West Virginia, one thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended.
(f) "Cost" means, as applied to each wastewater, water or flood relief project financed, in whole or in part, with the proceeds from assessment certificates, all costs and expenses incurred by a county or municipality, and the respective assessment districts created under this article, that are reasonable and necessary for the planning, development, construction and carrying out of all works and undertakings necessary or incident to the completion of a project, including, without limitation, the cost and expense of all labor, work, supervision, inspection, equipment leased and materials furnished and used in completing the project, any interest charged on funds borrowed to finance the construction of a project, advertising expenses, and any engineering, legal, surveying, accounting or other professional fees incurred in connection with or otherwise relating to a project.
(g) "Flood relief project" means a project involving one or more of the following activities: (1) The moving, removing, renovating, relocation or demolition of, or any other actions taken to provide protection from flooding to, one or more buildings, structures and other permanent improvements located on property owned by any person, which the governing body of the county or municipality in which the project is completed, or any other governmental agency, has determined is within an area threatened by flooding; or (2) the acquisition of property which is located outside of an area threatened by flooding to serve as a site on which one or more buildings, structures and other permanent improvements which are located within an area that is threatened by flooding may be relocated, or on which new buildings, structures and other permanent improvements may be constructed, and the construction of such new buildings, structures and improvements if relocating existing buildings, structures and improvements is not feasible; or (3) the construction of levies or stream channel improvements to provide flood protection to specifically identified lots or parcels of land located within an area which a governing body or other governmental agency has determined is threatened by flooding, all so as to protect the health and safety of persons residing or engaged in business on such threatened property and to eliminate or minimize the risk of damage caused by flooding to such buildings, structures and permanent improvements.
(h) "Governing body" means, in the case of a county, the county commission, and in the case of a municipality, the mayor and council together, the council, the board of directors or other board or body of any municipality, by whatever name called, as the case may be, charged with the responsibility of enacting ordinances and determining the public policy of such municipality.
(i) "Governmental agency" means the state government or any agency, department, division or unit thereof; counties; municipalities; any watershed improvement districts, soil conservation districts, sanitary districts, public service districts, drainage districts, urban renewal authorities or regional governmental authorities established pursuant to this codeand any other governmental agency, entity, political subdivision, public corporation or agency having the authority to acquire, construct, maintain or operate wastewater facilities; the United States government or any agency, department, division or unit thereof; and any agency, commission or authority established pursuant to an interstate compact or agreement.
(j) "Municipality" means a municipality as defined in section two, article one, chapter eight of this code.
(k) "Person" means an individual, firm, partnership, corporation, voluntary association or any other type of entity.
(l) "Project" means a flood relief project, wastewater project, water project or any combination thereof.
(m) "Public way" means any street, alley, right-of-way, easement or other interest in real estate, or any portion or combination thereof, along or across which a wastewater or water project is constructed.
(n) "Public service commission" means the public service commission established under article one, chapter twenty-four of this code.
(o) "Recorder" means the recorder, clerk or other municipal officer, by whatever name called, charged with the responsibility of keeping the journal of the proceedings of the governing body of the municipality and other municipal records.
(p) "Utility" means a public utility as defined in article one, chapter twenty-four of this code.
(q) "Wastewater project" means the planning, acquisition, construction, improvement or extension of new or existing sewer lines, pumps and related equipment and facilities, and any land, public ways or other interests in real estate, whether located within or outside of an assessment district, necessary or incident to the transportation of sewage, industrial wastes or other wastes, wastewater, and the residue thereof, from property located within an assessment district to a wastewater facility located within or outside of an assessment district.
(r) "Wastewater facility" means all facilities used for or in connection with treating, neutralizing, disposing of, stabilizing, cooling, segregating or holding wastewater, including, without limitation, facilities for the treatment and disposal of sewage, industrial wastes or other wastes, wastewater, and the residue thereof, facilities for the temporary or permanent impoundment of wastewater, both surface and underground; and sanitary sewers or other collection systems, whether on the surface or underground, designed to transport wastewater together with the equipment and furnishings thereof and their appurtenances and systems, whether on the surface or underground including force mains and pumping facilities therefor.
(s) "Water project" means the planning, acquisition, construction, improvement or extension of water lines, pumps and related equipment and facilities, and any land, public ways or other interests in real estate, whether located within or outside of an assessment district, necessary or incident to the transportation and distribution of water from a water facility located within or outside of an assessment district to property located within an assessment district, all for the purpose of providing potable, sanitary water suitable for human consumption and use.
(t) "Water facility" means all facilities, land and equipment used for or in connection with the collection of water, both surface and underground, transportation of water, treatment of water and distribution of water all for the purpose of providing potable, sanitary water suitable for human consumption and use.